stem

  核心词汇  
[stem]     [stem]    
  • n. 柄;茎;干;船首
  • vi. 起源于
  • vt. 抽去 ... 的梗;给 ... 装柄;逆 ... 而行;阻止,遏制
stemmed stemmed stemming stems
new

stem的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 茎,(树)(叶)柄,梗,杆,干
  2. 烟斗柄
  3. 高脚酒杯的脚
  4. 手表的转柄
  5. 艏柱;艏材;船头
  6. 血统,家系
  7. 堵塞物
  8. 【语】词干
abbr. (缩略词)
  1. =scanning transmission electron microscope 扫描透射式电子显微镜
v. (动词)
  1. 拦住,堵住
  2. 阻挡,阻止
  3. 把滑雪屐向内转以减速或转向
  4. 起源于,来自
  5. 顶着…而上;逆…而行
  6. 抽去…的梗
  7. 给…装柄
  8. 把向内转
  9. 由...而造成,起因于,是…的结果
  10. 止住,堵住,遏止
  11. 发生
  12. 【体】内转

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C] (花草的)茎,(树木的)干 main central part of a plant, bush or tree coming up from the roots, from which the leaves or flowers grow
  2. [C] 词干 root or main part of a noun or verb from which other parts or words are made, e.g. by altering the endings
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 遏制〔阻止〕(液体的流动等) restrain or stop (the flow of liquid, etc.)
  2. vi. 起源,由…造成 originate or be caused by sth

英英释义

Noun:
  1. (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed;

    "thematic vowels are part of the stem"

  2. a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ

  3. cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

  4. the tube of a tobacco pipe

  5. front part of a vessel or aircraft;

    "he pointed the bow of the boat toward the finish line"

  6. a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it

Verb:
  1. grow out of, have roots in, originate in;

    "The increase in the national debt stems from the last war"

  2. cause to point inward;

    "stem your skis"

  3. stop the flow of a liquid;

    "staunch the blood flow"
    "stem the tide"

  4. remove the stem from;

    "for automatic natural language processing, the words must be stemmed"

stem的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Don't eat the stem of a mushroom.
    不要吃蘑菇的梗。
  2. This is a plant stem that has been pithed.
    这是一根已经除去木髓的植物的茎。
  3. Crime and punishment grow out of one stem.
    罪与罚本是同茎生。
  4. She bought some roses with long stems.
    她买了一些枝干很长的玫瑰花。
  5. The liner has been refitted from stem to stern.
    那艘班轮已经全面整修。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Your errors stem all from your carelessness.
    你犯的错误全都是由于你的粗心。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. Our ship stemmed on against the current.
    我们的船逆流而上。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The stem of the mushroom is broken.
    这只蘑菇的梗折断了。
  2. The stem supports the branches.
    树干支持着树枝。
  3. “Uni-” is the stem of “unity”.uni-
    是unity的词干。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. You must stem the flow of blood from the wound.
    你必须阻止伤口流血。
  2. The small boat could not stem the rushing tide.
    这艘小船顶不住汹涌奔腾的潮水。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
from stem to stern
    从船头到船尾; 彻底from the front to the back (especially of a ship)
用作动词 (v.)
stem from (v.+prep.)
    来自,起源于; 由…造成arise from sth; have sth as its origin or cause
    stem from sth

    The present wave of strikes stems from discontent among the lower-paid.

    当前的罢工浪潮起因于低工资雇员的不满情绪。

    Her interest in flowers stems from her childhood in the country.

    她对花卉的兴趣产生于她在乡下度过的童年时代。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • Flowers were out, tall stems with pink bells hanging from them.

    出自: B. Vine
  • They on the..Flood..Ply stemming nightly toward the Pole.

    出自: Milton

stem的详细讲解:

词义辨析

v. (动词)
stem, arise, derive, emanate, originate, proceed, spring
  • 这组词均可表示“出现”,其区别在于:
  • 1.spring强调经过一段时间或准备后突然出现。
  • 2.arise强调产生的事实,暗示从无到有,也指某事物导致的结果。例如:
  • I think there's a storm arising gradually.我看风暴即将来临。
  • There's trouble arising gradually at the meeting.会上一场纠纷正在酿成。
  • 3.originate指来源于特定的根源或起点。例如:
  • All theories originate from practice and in turn serve practice.任何理论都来源于实践,反过来为实践服务。
  • The style of architecture originated with the ancient Greek.这种建筑风格起源于古希腊。
  • 4.derive指由另一形式的事物衍生而出或者从另一些人处取得。例如:
  • The word derives from French.这个词来自法语。
  • English derives in the main from the common Germanic stock.英语主要源于日耳曼语族。
  • 5.emanate指从一事物转变为另一事物。例如:
  • Can we emanate to the next question?我们能转入下一个问题吗?
  • 6.proceed指自某处发出或产生,强调根源或原因。例如:
  • His mistake proceeded from his ignorance of it.他的错误是出于他对那件事的无知。
  • Wrong opinions often proceed from lack of information.错误的看法往往产生于不了解情况。
  • 7.stem指合乎自然规律地产生,也指在某人或某事物的影响下产生或从属于某人或某物发展。例如:
  • We can stem great pleasure from our studies.我们可以从读书研究中获得极大的乐趣。
  • He stemmed his enthusiasm for literature from his father.他对文学的爱好是受他父亲的影响。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的stemn;最初源自原始日耳曼语的stamniz,意为植物的茎。

    stem的相关资料:

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