arrest

  核心词汇  
[ə'rest]     [ə'rest]    
  • vt. 逮捕;拘留
  • n. 逮捕;拘留
arrester arrested arrested arresting arrests
new

arrest的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 逮捕,逮住,拘留,扣留,抓起来,收押,捕
  2. 阻止,遏止,制止,抑制,控制
  3. 制动器,制动装置
  4. 夺取,攫取,抓住
v. (动词)
  1. 逮捕,拘捕,捕获,拘留,扣留
  2. 阻止,制止,停止,抑制,妨碍
  3. 吸引(注意),引起(注意),吸住
  4. 【医】控制,抑制(疾病)
  5. 心跳停止

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 逮捕; 拘捕 seize in the name of the law and usually put in prison
  2. vt. 制止; 阻止 bring to an end; stop
  3. vt. 吸引 catch and fist especially sb's attention

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal);

    "the policeman on the beat got credit for the collar"

  2. the state of inactivity following an interruption;

    "the negotiations were in arrest"
    "held them in check"
    "during the halt he got some lunch"
    "the momentary stay enabled him to escape the blow"
    "he spent the entire stop in his seat"

Verb:
  1. take into custody;

    "the police nabbed the suspected criminals"

  2. hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of;

    "Arrest the downward trend"
    "Check the growth of communism in South East Asia"
    "Contain the rebel movement"
    "Turn back the tide of communism"

  3. attract and fix;

    "His look caught her"
    "She caught his eye"
    "Catch the attention of the waiter"

  4. cause to stop;

    "Halt the engines"
    "Arrest the progress"
    "halt the presses"

arrest的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The police arrested the thief.
    警察逮捕了小偷。
  2. You shouldn't arrest him without warrant.
    你不能毫无根据地逮捕他。
  3. The constable stop the car and arrest the driver.
    警官使车停住并将司机扣留。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The riot led to the arrest of three young men.
    暴乱导致3 个年轻人被捕。
  2. The students' arrest disturbed their friends.
    学生遇到逮捕使他们的朋友非常不安。
  3. They put the susper under arrest after finding him with incriminating cvidence.
    他们发现嫌疑犯有犯罪证据后将他拘留。
  4. Some baby bear tried to arrest me for speeding, but I conned him out of it.
    有个刚上任的公路巡警要以超速驾车拘留我,但我找了些理由把他哄骗过去了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+ ~+n./pron.
  1. Policemen have authority to arrest lawbreakers.
    警察有权逮捕犯法者。
  2. He tried to bribe the policeman not to arrest him.
    他企图贿赂警察不逮捕他。
  3. The police arrested the thief and put him in prison.
    警察将这小偷逮捕收押。
  4. The police arrested the suspect a block away from the scene of the crime.
    警察在离作案现场一个街区的地方逮捕了嫌疑犯。
  5. On what charges do you arrest him?
    你凭什么来逮捕他呢?
  6. A driver uses brakes to arrest his car's speed.
    司机用刹车降低车速。
  7. The doctor arrested the growth of the disease.
    医生阻止了病情恶化。
  8. Sickness arrested his activities.
    患病使他停止了各种活动。
  9. Arrogance arrested his progress.
    骄傲阻碍了他的进步。
  10. Poor food arrests the natural growth of children.
    粗劣的食物妨碍儿童的生长发育。
  11. The new drug arrested the spread of the disease.
    这种新药阻止了疾病的蔓延。
  12. Her earnest manner arrested me.
    她那种热忱的态度引起了我的注意。
  13. There is much to arrest the eyes of the travellers.
    引起旅客们注目的东西不少。
  14. As I looked through the book, several printing mistakes arrested my sight.
    我翻阅这本书时发现了几个印刷错误。
  15. The bright lights arrested the boy's attention.
    灿烂的灯光吸引了这个男孩的注意。
  16. The bright colours of the flowers arrested the girl's attention.
    花的艳丽色彩引起了那姑娘的注意。
  17. 1
  18. He was arrested by policemen for theft.
    他因偷窃被警察逮捕。
  19. I have just learned that he has been arrested.
    我刚才得知他已被捕。
  20. He was arrested for faking some famous paintings.
    他由于伪造名画而被逮捕。
  21. A drug trafficker was arrested by the police yesterday.
    一名贩毒分子昨日被警方捕获。
  22. He was arrested on a charge of having infringed the law.
    有人控告他违法,他被捕了。
  23. She was arrested in 1949 on charges of spying.
    她因被控当过间谍而于1949年被捕。
  24. If cancer cell division is thawed, cancer is arrested.
    如果能阻止住癌细胞分裂,就能控制癌的发展。
  25. Our attention was arrested by the sound of a shot.
    枪声引起了我们的注意。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Some Checke or Arrest in their Fortunes.

    出自: Bacon
  • Arrest of the patient's respiration might sometimes assist the surgeon.

    出自: J. H. Burn
  • A wilde beast, In whom no reson might areste.

    出自: J. Gower
  • Without arestyng for to helpe them.

    出自: Caxton
  • We must arrest awhile vpon the nature, and degrees, and effects of charity.

    出自: Donne

arrest的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. arrest用作动词的基本意思是指根据法律或命令进行逮捕并予以监禁或拘留,引申可指中途制止某种行动。用于比喻,可指吸引。
  2. arrest是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,与介词for搭配可表示被捕的原因,可用于被动结构。
  3. arrest作“引起,吸引”解时,一般与attention等词搭配使用,且多用于主动语态。
  4. arrest是非延续性动词,不可与表示一段时间的状语连用。
  1. arrest指“逮捕,拘留”要同“捉住”区别开来,通常说捉住小偷,不用arrest,而用catch;
  2. The police have made two arrests指“警察逮捕了两个人”,而不指“警察们执行了两次逮捕任务”。值得注意的是,搭配的动词用made。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
arrest, apprehend, attach, detain
  • 这组词都有依法逮捕、拘押、监禁的意思,其区别是:
  • arrest可用于刑事案件,也可用于民事案件,如债务等; 而apprehend只用于刑事案件; attach常指因逃脱而扣押或查封,用于人时也只指将其拘留到法庭出庭作证; detain则是为了询问或审查而拘留或监护,不是严格的法律术语。
  • arrest, capture, catch, seize
  • 这四个词都有“抓住”“抓获”的含义。它们之间的差别在于:
  • 1.arrest指官方依法对罪犯或犯罪嫌疑人予以拘捕、收审; seize指突然有力地抓住,其引申意义可指抓住转瞬即逝或难以捉摸的东西; capture强调用武力手段,克服一定的困难或抵抗后而“捕获”“抓获”,也可指竞赛中的“夺标”或在军事上对某地的“占领”; catch属常用词,多指通过追踪、武力、计谋、突然袭击等方式“抓住”某人或某物。例如:
  • The bandit was caught red-handed.
  • 这个歹徒当场被捉。
  • They seized him by force.
  • 他们用武力逮住了他。
  • The police arrested the killer and put him in prison.
  • 警察逮住了杀手,并把他关进监狱。
  • Our army captured 500 of the enemy.
  • 我军俘虏了五百个敌人。
  • 2.arrest和catch这两个词具有“吸引”的意思,其他两个词不具有此义。例如:
  • The bright lights arrested the baby's attention.
  • 明亮的灯光吸引了婴儿的注意力。
  • The unusual panelling on the walls caught my attention.
  • 墙上不同寻常的镶板引起了我的注意。
  • arrest, check, stop
  • 这三个词均可表示“阻止”,其区别在于:stop是一般用语,指使任何一种前进或运动事物的停止; arrest指有力地阻止,通常指有意识的行动; check指突然或有力地阻止,有时也指短暂地阻止。例如:
  • A driver uses brakes to arrest his car's speed.司机用刹车降低车速。
  • An awning over the sidewalk checked his fall.人行道上的天篷阻止了他的跌落。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的arester,意为保持,停留;最初源自通俗拉丁语的arrestare:ad (去) + restare (停止,保留),意为淹留在后。

    arrest的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】

    临近单词

    今日热词
    目录 附录 查词历史