support

  基本词汇  
[sə'pɔːt]     [sə'pɔːrt]    
  • vt.支持;承受;支撑;供养;资助;证实;支援;担任演出嘉宾
  • n.支持;支撑;援助;供养;依据;助演嘉宾
supported supported supporting supports
new

support是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 支持,拥护,赞成
  2. 支持者
  3. 支承,支撑,支柱,支座,支撑物,撑体
  4. 赞助,援助,帮助
  5. 维持
  6. 鼓励,鼓舞
  7. 生活费
  8. 【戏】配角
  9. 【音】伴奏
  10. 桁架
v.(动词)
  1. 忍受,忍耐
  2. 资助,援助,赞助,支援,帮助
  3. 激励,使有勇气,鼓舞
  4. 保持,维持,维护
  5. 支承,支撑,支托
  6. 支持,赞成,拥护
  7. 证实,为…提供证据
  8. 扶养, 赡养(家属),养活
  9. 为…提供证据,证实
  10. 【戏】替…当配角, 演…的角色

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 支撑; 支持 keep from falling; hold up; help by agreeing with
  2. vt. 维持 provide enough food and water to keep sb/sth alive
  3. vt. 赞助; 供养 help to continue; give what is needed to live
  4. vt. 经常光顾,为…捧场 be a regular customer of or visitor to sth; be a fan of sb/sth
  5. vt. 忍受 bear; endure
n.(名词)
  1. [U] 支撑,承受,支持,赞助 supporting or being supported
  2. [C] 支撑物,支柱,支座,支架 thing that supports or bears the weight of sth
  3. [C] 给予帮助〔同情〕的人 person who gives help, sympathy, etc.
  4. [U] 支持者,拥护者 people who support a political party, team, etc.

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
support : 支撑 ...
在 《外教社统计学英语词典》 中查看更多...
support : 支持, 资助 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
support : 基底 ...
support : 支座,架; ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
support : 支撑位,支 ...
support : 支持, 资助 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
support : 支持, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
support : 支架 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the activity of providing for or maintaining by supplying with money or necessities;

    "his support kept the family together"
    "they gave him emotional support during difficult times"

  2. aiding the cause or policy or interests of;

    "the president no longer has the support of his own party"
    "they developed a scheme of mutual support"

  3. something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest;

    "the policy found little public support"
    "his faith was all the support he needed"
    "the team enjoyed the support of their fans"

  4. a military operation (often involving new supplies of men and materiel) to strengthen a military force or aid in the performance of its mission;

    "they called for artillery support"

  5. documentary validation;

    "his documentation of the results was excellent"
    "the strongest support for this view is the work of Jones"

  6. the financial means whereby one lives;

    "each child was expected to pay for their keep"
    "he applied to the state for support"
    "he could no longer earn his own livelihood"

  7. supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation;

    "the statue stood on a marble support"

  8. the act of bearing the weight of or strengthening;

    "he leaned against the wall for support"

  9. a musical part (vocal or instrumental) that supports or provides background for other musical parts

  10. any device that bears the weight of another thing;

    "there was no place to attach supports for a shelf"

  11. financial resources provided to make some project possible;

    "the foundation provided support for the experiment"

Verb:
  1. give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to;

    "She supported him during the illness"
    "Her children always backed her up"

  2. support materially or financially;

    "he does not support his natural children"
    "The scholarship supported me when I was in college"

  3. be behind; approve of;

    "He plumped for the Labor Party"
    "I backed Kennedy in 1960"

  4. be the physical support of; carry the weight of;

    "The beam holds up the roof"
    "He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam"
    "What's holding that mirror?"

  5. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts;

    "his story confirmed my doubts"
    "The evidence supports the defendant"

  6. adopt as a belief;

    "I subscribe to your view on abortion"

  7. support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm;

    "The stories and claims were born out by the evidence"

  8. argue or speak in defense of;

    "She supported the motion to strike"

  9. play a subordinate role to (another performer);

    "Olivier supported Gielgud beautifully in the second act"

  10. be a regular customer or client of;

    "We patronize this store"
    "Our sponsor kept our art studio going for as long as he could"

  11. put up with something or somebody unpleasant;

    "I cannot bear his constant criticism"
    "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks"
    "he learned to tolerate the heat"
    "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"

support的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The lawyer cite a previous case to support his argument.
    律师引用了以前的案例来支持他的论点。
  2. Will you use your influence to prevail upon them to support the suggestion?
    你能不能利用你的影响劝他们支持这个建议呢?
  3. Is this bridge strong enough to support heavy lorries?
    这座桥禁得住重型卡车通行吗?
  4. Her father supported her until she got married.
    她父亲抚养她直到她结婚。
  5. He needs a high income to support such a large family.
    他需要有高收入才能供养得起这样一个大家庭。
  6. Will the government provide money to support the arts?
    政府会拨款资助美术事业吗?
  7. Our company has tied up with another firm to support the show.
    我们公司和另一公司联合资助展览。
  8. These findings support my primary diagnosis.
    这些发现证实了我的初步诊断。
  9. Your testimony will support his plea of innocence.
    你的证言将证实他的无罪抗辩。
  10. They were all on fire to support the disaster area.
    他们都急切地要支援灾区。
  11. We are trying our utmost to support the construction of the border areas.
    我们尽力支援边疆建设。
  12. They were supported by a local band.
    当地的一支乐队为他们作助兴演出。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. She spoke in support of the project.
    她发言支持这项计划。
  2. They hope to win mass support among the middle class.
    他们希望能赢得中产阶级的广泛支持。
  3. She was leaning on his arm for support.
    她靠在他的胳膊上寻求支撑。
  4. High back provides great support for your neck.
    高靠背可更好地支撑颈部。
  5. You have no title to ask for our support.
    你没有资格求我们援助。
  6. She dispensed with the financial support of her uncle.
    她放弃了她叔叔对她的经济援助。
  7. The child is dependent on his parents for support.
    这个小孩靠他的父母养活。
  8. A woman marries the first time for love, the second time for companionship, the third time for support, and the rest of the time just from habit.
    女人头一次结婚是为了爱,第二次为了可以有个伴儿,第三次是为了得到供养,以后几次是为了习惯。
  9. The statistics offer further support for our theory.
    这些统计数字为我们的理论提供了进一步的依据。
  10. The support has yet to be confirmed.
    助演尚未确定。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Walls support the roof.
    墙支撑着屋顶。
  2. You support the bottom of the box while I lift the top.
    你托着箱子底,我抬上部。
  3. Bill had to support Jill or she would have fallen to the floor.
    比尔只得扶住吉尔,不然她就会摔倒在地。
  4. Air, food and drink are necessary to support life.
    空气、食物和水是维持生命所不可缺少的。
  5. They do not support the new President.
    他们不拥护新当选的总统。
  6. She supported me emotionally.
    她从感情上给过我帮助。
  7. Support the army and cherish the people.
    拥军爱民。
  8. He has always supported the weaker party.
    他一直帮助力量较弱的一方。
  9. She supports birth control.
    她赞成计划生育。
  10. The results support my original idea.
    结果证明了我原先的想法。
  11. This evidence supports my argument that she is guilty.
    这一证据支持了我认为她有罪的推定。
  12. I can support the situation no longer.
    我再也无法容忍这种局面。
  13. His weakened body could never support another attack.
    他虚弱的身体经受不住另一次打击了。
  14. Which football team do you support?
    你是哪个足球队的球迷?
  15. They often support the local theatre.
    他们经常光顾当地的剧场。
  16. 用于be ~ed结构
  17. This branch needs to be supported.
    这根树枝需要支撑一下。
  18. The bridge is supported by three pillars.
    桥由三座桥墩支撑着。
  19. The floors of the building are supported by wooden beams.
    这座建筑物的楼板靠木梁支撑。
  20. He had to be supported home.
    他只得由人搀扶回家。
  21. Our school is supported by the government.
    政府赞助我校的办学费用。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I hope you will support me in my efforts to discover the truth.
    在我努力寻求揭发真相时,希望你能帮助我。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Your support has meant a lot to me during this difficult time.
    在这困难时期,你的支持给了我很大的帮助。
  2. I am the only support of my family.
    我是唯一的养家人。
  3. On her shoulders falls the support of the whole family.
    供养全家的重担落在她的肩上。
  4. Don't bargain on getting any support from her; she's very selfish.
    别指望从她那里得到什么援助,她很自私。
  5. He deceived us into believing that he could give us moral support.
    他骗得我们相信他能给我们道义上的支持。
  6. The plan was doomed to fail by their refusal to give it any financial support.
    由于他们拒绝给予任何资助,该计划注定要失败。
  7. The organization withdrew its support on an ideological pretext.
    该组织以意识形态为借口撤回了支持。
  8. They threatened to cease financial support to the university.
    他们威胁要停止给这所大学经济援助。
  9. He provided emotional support for the children when their father died.
    他在那些孩子的父亲去世时给予他们感情上的关怀。
  10. Scholars have found little support for this interpretation.
    学者们没有找到多少证实这种解释的证据。
  11. The argument lacked support.
    这一论点缺乏证据。
  12. These beams are the main support of the building.
    这些桁条是这座建筑物的主要支撑物。
  13. The roof may need extra support.
    屋顶或许需要外加的支撑。
  14. One of the supports of the bridge collapsed.
    这座桥梁的一个支座倒坍了。
  15. Most large-scale buildings now have steel supports.
    现在多数大规模的建筑物都有钢材支座。
  16. He was a great support to us in our time of need.
    在我们需要的时候,他给了我们很大的帮助。
  17. The theatre had to close for lack of support.
    这家剧院顾客太少,只好关闭。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
support against (v.+prep.)
  1. 支持(某人)反对 back sb against sb/sth support sb against sb/sth

    I support him against those who are finding fault with him.我支持他反对那些专挑他毛病的人。

support in (v.+prep.)
  1. 在…方面支持 hold up in sth support sb in sth

    His family supported him in his decision.他的家人支持他的决定。

support on (v.+prep.)
  1. 靠…支持〔撑〕 keep from falling by sth; hold up by sth support sb/oneself/sth on sth

    He supported the heavy box on his shoulders.他肩扛着那个重箱子。

    I can't support my wife and children on such a small salary.我薪水如此微薄,无法养活家小。

    She decided to support herself on her musical talents.她决定依靠自己的音乐才能养活自己。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The bridge is supported on stone piers.桥由石墩支撑着。

    It is supported on a narrow base.它由一个狭窄的底座支撑着。

    The roof of the building is supported on pillars.这建筑的顶部是用支柱支撑的。

用作名词 (n.)
come to sb's support
  1. 援助某人 aid sb

    When he was about to give up the struggle, his companions came to his support. 正当他要放弃斗争之际,他的同伴们来支持他了。

    It was Tom who came to my support when I was in trouble. 当我处于困境的时候,是汤姆来支持我的。

in support
  1. 后备的,准备给予支援的 in reserve; ready to give support

    We have 20 people to do the cooking, with several more in support. 我们有20个人做饭,还有几个人可随时帮忙。

in support of
  1. 支持 supporting sb/sth; in favour of sb/sthThe judge quoted various cases in support of his opinion.那位法官引证不同的案件以支持他的意见。

    He spoke in support of the plan. 他发言支持这个计划。

    Several members spoke in support of the motion. 有几名成员发言支持这项动议。

  2. 证明…正确 proving sth trueHe even made some experiments in support of his views.为了证明他的看法正确,他甚至进行了一些实验。

    I'll mention some facts in support of my argument. 我要举出几个事实来证明我的论点。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Proclaimed enthusiastic..support for the League of Nations.

    出自:V. Brittain
  • He..needed support against his self-doubt.

    出自:C. Wilson
  • The thought was not to be supported without bitter tears.

    出自:E. Langley

support的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. support的基本意思是“支撑; 负担(重量); 搀扶”,指凭借支撑(物)维持某特定的位置或状态,有时含有不屈服或不过分痛苦地忍受艰难困苦的意味。引申还可表示“维持”“养(家)”“赞成”“证实”“激励”“经常光顾,为…捧场”等。
  2. support是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. support作“忍受”解时,常用于否定句中,往往与can〔could〕或can't〔couldn't〕连用。
  4. support后接介词against表示“支持…反对…”; 后接介词in表示“在…方面给予支持”; 后接介词on表示“靠…支持〔撑〕”。
n.(名词)
  1. support用作名词的基本意思是“支撑,承受,支持,赞助”,是不可数名词,表示抽象的支持、支援、赞助等行为。
  2. support也可表示“支撑物,支柱,支座,支架”等,是可数名词。
  3. support还可表示“给予帮助〔同情〕的人”,是可数名词。
  4. support还可作“支持者,拥护者”,是不可数名词。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
support, advocate, uphold
这组词的共同意思是“支援,赞助”。其区别在于:support指道义上或物质上支持某人,也可指对一项事业的支持或赞助; advocate指通过发表演说或写文章来表示支持、拥护,常暗示提倡某事或为某事辩护; uphold指把快要倒下的东西扶直并撑稳,引申指支持正受到攻击或挑战的某人或某事。例如:
I was supported by him both materially and spiritually.我既得到了他的物质支持,也得到了他的精神支持。
He advocated building more good roads.他主张修筑更多的好公路。
He upheld his brother's honor.他维护他兄弟的名誉。
support, bolster, brace, buttress, maintain, prop, sustain
这组词的共同意思是“支撑”。其区别在于:support指有基础或基座来承受某物的压力或重量,使其不坍塌或倒下,用于比喻可指能够经受住艰难困苦而不屈服; bolster指用垫枕等支撑物来支撑或承受负荷; brace指用支柱、支架来支住、撑牢某物,使其能抗住压力; buttress指用在建筑物应力点上加扶壁的办法来支住、加固某物,引申指用物质、金钱、事实等来支持某论点; maintain指保持某种状况或状态,给予所需的力量,以防力量、价值等有所损失; prop指支持需要立即加强或加固的事物; sustain强调始终不渝地支撑或保持。例如:
This matter bolstered up his pride.这件事提高了他的自尊心。
The struts are firmly braced.构架的支柱很牢固。
She buttressed her argument with lots of solid facts.她用很多具体事实来支持她的论点。
The state maintains the highways.政府养护公路。
She propped up the baby's head by putting her hand behind its neck.她把手放在婴孩的头后,支撑他的头。
She was sustained by pride in her family.对家庭的自豪感支持着她。
support, back, champion
这组词的共同意思是“支持”。它们的区别在于:back多指给予物质或道义上的资助,有“作后台”的意味; support指支撑重量或作为支柱或给予需要的力量,以防某人或某物跌倒或陷下; 而champion则指支持他人或某项运动而去奋斗、辩论或演说。例如:
Don't worry. I will back you up.不要忧虑,我支持你。
The teammates supported the injured player.队友扶着那受伤的球员。
We champion a just cause.我们支持正义的事业。
n.(名词)
support, livelihood, living
这三个词均可表示一个人的谋生方式。其区别是:
living是一般用语,泛指生计;livelihood尤指某人赖以谋生的工作。例如:
Painting, once merely a hobby, became his livelihood.绘画先前不过是他的一种业余爱好,后来成了他的维持生计的工作。
support指一人对另一人的赡养或抚养。例如:
He depended on his parents for support.他靠父母抚养。
back uphold support sustain advocate
这些动词均有“支持,支援,拥护”之意。
  • back:back通常指对论点、行动、事业等的强有力支持。
  • uphold:uphold既可指积极努力对陷入困境者的支持,也可指给某人在行动、道义或信仰上的支持。
  • support:support含义广泛,多指在道义上或物质上支持某人,也可指对某项事业的支持。
  • sustain:sustain侧重指连续不断的支持。
  • advocate:advocate多指通过写文章或发表演说等来支持或拥护,往往暗示提倡某事或为某事辩护。
raise keep support feed
这四个词都有“抚养”、“养家”、“赡养”的意思,但也有区别。
  • raise:raise意为“抚养(指人);饲养(指动物或禽畜)”之意。
  • 他的妻子多年以前就去世了,他一手把孩子拉扯大。
  • He raised the children himself;his wife died years ago.
  • 那些羊从小羊羔时就是他喂养的。
  • He raised those goats from new-born kids.
  • keep:keep表示“养活(指人);饲养(指动物或禽畜)”。
  • 约翰要养活妻子和六个孩子。
  • John has his wife and six children to keep(support).
  • 他们养了一些鸡和猪。
  • They kept some hens and pigs.
  • support:support意为“养活”,不用于饲养动物。
  • 她赡养老母亲。
  • She supports her old mother.
  • 他要养活一大家子。
  • He has a large family to support.
  • feed:feed意为“喂养;饲养;以......为食”。
  • 婴儿/牛喂了吗?
  • Have you fed the baby/cow yet?
  • 她用肉喂狗。
  • She fed meat to her dog. =She fed her dog with/on meat.
  • 狐狸以小动物为食。
  • Foxes feed on small animals.

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 你赞成我们每天缩短工作时间的想法吗?

    Do you support that we should work for a shorter time each day?

    Do you support the idea that we should work for a shorter time each day?

    support表示“支持”或“赞成”时为及物动词,后面很少跟that从句作宾语,通常用名词或代词作宾语。

n.(名词)
  1. 所有的听众欢呼表示支持主席的提议。

    All the audience cheered in the support of the president's suggestion.

    All the audience cheered in support of the president's suggestion.

    在give support, require support, in support等短语中, support前不可加a或the。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪晚期英进入语,直接源自古法语的supporter;最初源自古典拉丁语的supportare:sup (从上而下) + portare (提,拿),意为传达,运送,养育。

support的相关资料:

正版词典

support : 支撑物,支 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
support : 支持 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
support : 支持;赞成 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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派生词

n.(名词)
  • supporter n. 支持者,拥护者;赞助者

互动百科

  • support:support vt. 支撑, 扶持, 支持, 支援, 拥护, 维持, 赡养, 忍受n. 支撑, 支持, 支援, 维持, 赡养, 支持者, 支柱 英英解释:名词support:1. the activ…

临近单词

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