background

  核心词汇  
['bækɡraʊnd]     ['bækɡraʊnd]    
  • n.背景;经历;幕后;后景
  • vt.提供背景
new

background是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 背景
  2. 经历,出身,出身背景,身世经历,门第
  3. 【纺织】底子
  4. 幕后
  5. 【美术】背景,后景
  6. 远因
  7. 背景资料,基本情况
  8. 【无线电】干扰杂音,杂音
  9. 背景音乐;衬托音乐;伴音
  10. 隐蔽的地位
  11. 知识
v.(动词)
  1. 提供背景
  2. 作…的背景,以…为衬托

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]后景;背景 the part of a picture or pattern that is behind the main people or thing in it
  2. [C]底色;底花; 底子 a colour or design on which sth is painted, drawn, etc.
  3. [C]出身背景;学历;经历 the details of a person's family, education, experience, etc.;the type of family, social position or culture that sb comes from
  4. [U][C](事态发展等的)背景 the circumstances or past events which help explain why sth is how it is ; information about these
  5. [S]不显眼的位置;幕后 a position in which people are not paying attention to sb/sth or not as much attention as they are paying to sb/sth else

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
background : 后台 ...
background : 背景 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 背景, 经历 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 背景, 自然 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 背景 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 本底 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 背景, 幕后 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 本底 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 后台 ...
在 《外教社计算机英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 背景,后景 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a person's social heritage: previous experience or training;

    "he is a lawyer with a sports background"

  2. the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground;

    "he posed her against a background of rolling hills"

  3. information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem;

    "the embassy filled him in on the background of the incident"

  4. extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured;

    "they got a bad connection and could hardly hear one another over the background signals"

  5. relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation;

    "when the rain came he could hear the sound of thunder in the background"

  6. the state of the environment in which a situation exists;

    "you can't do that in a university setting"

  7. (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear

  8. scenery hung at back of stage

Verb:
  1. understate the importance or quality of;

    "he played down his royal ancestry"

background的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He has a strong political background.
    他有强大的政治背景。
  2. It is wrong to differentiate between people according to their family background.
    根据出身不同而区别待人是不对的。
  3. With my working-class background I feel like a fish out of water among these high-society people.
    我出身于工人阶级,在上流社会中感到很不自在。
  4. He stayed in the background to escape from the public attention.
    他呆在幕后为了避开公众的注意。
  5. He took a picture of me with the pavilion in the background.
    他以那个亭子为背景给我照了一张相片。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. To background themselves, reporters dug through all available files on the case.
    为掌握有关背景资料,记者们搜集了对此案有关的可获得的所有文件资料。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. His musical background helps him a lot in his job.
    他所受过的音乐训练对他的工作帮助很大。
  2. The backgrounds are either architectural in the Byzantine style, or mountainous.
    背景不是拜占庭式的建筑,就是山峦。
  3. The backgrounds of the English and the Chinese languages are widely different.
    英语与汉语的历史背景大不相同。
  4. Their marriage will never work—their backgrounds are too different.
    他俩的婚姻不会成功——他们的家庭背景差得太远了。
  5. The mountains form a background to this photograph of the family.
    这幅家庭照的后景是山脉。
  6. The artist himself did not paint the backgrounds to his pictures—they were done by his pupils.
    画家没有自己画背景——那是他的学生们完成的。
  7. He painted the background of the picture yesterday.
    他昨天画了这幅画的底色。
  8. This will make a suitable background.
    这将构成一个合适的背景。
  9. Our students come from many different backgrounds.
    我们的学生出身各不相同。
  10. They come from a privileged background.
    他们来自拥有特权的家境。
  11. Half of the students come from such backgrounds.
    一半的学生都是这种家庭出身。
  12. Most of the boys in borstals are from bad backgrounds.
    少年犯教育感化院的男孩大都出身不好。
  13. What is her educational background?
    她受教育的情况怎么样?
  14. I'll check his background first.
    我得先查看一下他的经历。
  15. Do you know that fellow's background?
    你了解这个人的底细吗?
  16. I have not the technical background to understand the subject.
    我缺乏理解这个难题的技术知识。
  17. He insisted on her keeping the background.
    他坚持不要她抛头露面。
  18. He has written the background music for a number of films.
    他已经为多部电影配乐。
  19. I'll need a bit more background information.
    我需要再了解一点情况。
  20. You'll need some background information on the local economy.
    你将需要一些有关当地经济的背景信息。
  21. The book provides background information on the history of the region.
    这本书提供了有关这个地区历史的背景资料。
  22. The training programme is designed to provide background knowledge of the business world.
    这项培训计划旨在提供商业界的背景知识。
  23. Students are expected to do some background reading before the course starts.
    在课程开始之前学生们必须预读有关背景资料。
  24. There was a lot of background noise.
    背景噪音很多。
  25. We couldn't hear what they were saying on the tape—there was too much background noise.
    我们听不出磁带上他们说的话——背景嗓音太大了。
  26. I don't know much about his background.
    我对他的出身知道得不多。
  27. The elections are taking place against a background of violence.
    选举正在暴乱的情况下进行。
  28. The rebellion broke out against a background of widespread unemployment.
    暴乱在普遍失业的背景下爆发。
  29. The red flowers stand out in bold relief against a background of green leaves.
    在绿叶的映衬下,红花显得鲜艳夺目。
  30. The statue stood against a background of flowering trees.
    雕像在繁花满树的背景下矗立着。
  31. The talks have been taking place against a background of increasing violence.
    会谈是在暴力日益增多的情况下举行的。
  32. These decisions have had to be taken against a background of high unemployment.
    这些决定是在高失业率的情况下作出的。
  33. These political developments should be seen against a background of increasing East-West tension.
    考察这些政治事件发展的来龙去脉时,应当考虑到东西方关系日趋紧张这一背景。
  34. He has photographed her against lots of different backgrounds.
    他在许多不同的背景地给她拍了照。
  35. Joe was a reporter by background.
    乔是记者出身。
  36. She works with children from deprive background.
    她的工作对象是一群来自贫困家庭的孩子。
  37. The school has pupils from many different ethnic cultural religions backgrounds.
    该校学生具有不同的种族背景。
  38. The hunter waited in the background of the trees for deer to go by.
    猎人躲在树后面,等鹿经过。
  39. You can see our house in the background of the picture.
    你可以在照片背景中看到我们的房子。
  40. In the background is a tall cypress tree.
    背景里有一棵高大的柏树。
  41. A piano tinkled gently in the background.
    背景音是悠扬的钢琴声。
  42. I could hear a TV in the background.
    我能听见背景音中有电视的声音。
  43. If you listen carefully to this piece of music, you can hear a flute in the background.
    如果你仔细听这首曲子,你可以听到笛子的伴音。
  44. They decided to marry, despite the differences in their backgrounds.
    他们彼此的家庭背景尽管不同,但还是决定成婚。
  45. The issue has faded into the background.
    那个问题今已不为人所注意。
  46. We looked pretty closely into her background.
    我们非常仔细地调查了她的经历。
  47. The book's cover has white lettering on a blue background.
    本书封面为蓝底白字。
  48. The flag has seven gold stars on a blue background.
    旗子蓝色的背景上有七颗金色的星星。
  49. The name of the company is written in red on a white background.
    公司的名称是用白底红字写的。
  50. Her dress had a pattern of pink flowers on a white background.
    她的连衣裙上有白底粉色花朵的图案。
  51. Julia was relegated to the background because she was a woman.
    由于朱丽娅是女性,她被降级到次要的职位上。
  52. He could do his work in life efficiently with a background of domestic comforts.
    安逸的家庭环境使他能够有效地从事他的事业。
  53. The dictionary is written for those with little or no background in linguistics.
    这本词典是为那些不懂语言学或对语言学知之甚少的人编写的。
  54. The job would suit someone with a business background.
    这项工作适合有商务经验的人。
~+ prep. -phrase
  1. He has no background for the job.
    他缺乏担任这项工作的经历。
  2. Let me give you a bit of background about myself.
    我给你一点关于我自己的背景资料吧。
  3. I need some more background before I can help you.
    我得先多掌握一些背景材料才能帮助你。
  4. She has a background in child psychology.
    她受过儿童心理学的教育。
  5. This book gives the background of the Revolutionary War.
    该书提供(美国)独立战争的背景资料。
  6. Can you give me more background on the company's financial position?
    有关该公司的财政状况,你能给我提供更多的资料吗?
  7. The book gives a background to American literature.
    这本书提供美国文学的背景知识。
  8. To understand the present conflict, we need to consider the historical and political background to it.
    为了理解目前的冲突,我们必须考虑其历史背景和政治背景。
  9. This article deals with American literature and American cultural backgrounds.
    本文论述美国文学及美国文化背景。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
in the background
  1. 甘居幕后 as unnoticeable as possible

    You ought to keep yourself in the background. 你该隐藏在幕后。

    She has a lot of power,but likes to remain in the background. 她掌握不少权力,但喜欢退居幕后。

    He prefers to remain in the background and let his assistant talk to the press. 他喜欢呆在幕后让他的助理向新闻界发布消息。

    Joe does the publicity work, while John stays very much in the background. 乔做宣传工作,而约翰则主要做幕后工作。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Elvira walks about pensively in the background.

    出自:R. B. Sheridan
  • The most convenient way to photograph a silhouette is to position the subject some distance in front of a white background.

    出自:J. Hedgecoe

background的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. “tell me your background”现较流行,等同于“tell me all about yourself”。
n.(名词)
  1. background的基本意思是“背景”“底色”,主要指图画或照片中在主要人物或景象之后起衬托作用的部分。引申可表示“人的背景资料”,主要包括家庭、所属社会阶层、经历、学历状况等。还可表示“背景情况”,指事情发生时所处的时间、地点和外部环境等。
  2. background主要用作可数名词。作“后景;背景”“底色”解时常用作单数名词;作“(事态发展等的)背景”解时常用作单数名词,也可用作不可数名词;作“不显眼的位置;幕后 ”解时只用作单数名词。
  3. background后接介词for,of或to表示“某方面的背景或经历”; 接介词in 表示“在…背景中;在幕后”;前面加介词against表示“映衬在…背景上”。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
background, backdrop, environment, setting
这组词的共同意思是表示现实生活中或文艺作品中有关人及他们的行动背景,其区别是:
background表示“背景”,原指灯光昏暗的舞台背景,或画面深处的背景,引申指某件事的综合背景。
environment表示“环境”,尤指自然环境,用于人或生物时不仅指自然环境,还指能影响其身体、精神和道德发展的一切外部因素,如果影响一个人成长的因素是遗传或先天的,多用background,如果这个因素是环境造成或后天习得的,就用environment。
setting多指小说、戏剧或其他文学作品的“背景”,包括人物活动的时间、地点和条件;在现实生活中,指以艺术的眼光看待人类及其活动所取的立场。
backdrop表示“背景”,原指舞台后部放下的幕布,为演员的演出提供背景;用于引申意义,当强调生动效果,而不过多考虑社会影响或精神意义时,人们越来越多地用backdrop取代background和setting。

background的相关资料:

正版词典

background : 背景 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
background : 背景 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
background : (人的)经历 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • background:background n. 背景, 后台, 不重要或不引人注目的地方或位置习惯用语drive into the background 推到幕后, 置于次要的地位push into the backgr…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词