block

  基本词汇  
[blɒk]     [blɑːk]    
  • n.街区;木块;石块;大楼;一组;阻塞(物);障碍(物)
  • v.阻塞
blocker blocked blocked blocking blocks
new

block是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 一组
  2. 大楼,大厦,街区
  3. 一批
  4. 砧板
  5. 大块
  6. 滑车
  7. 滑轮组
  8. 阻塞
  9. 木制假头
  10. 垫头木
  11. 障碍
  12. 劈柴凳
  13. <俚>脑袋
  14. 大宗
  15. 团体,集团
  16. 拥有大量股票
  17. 一大片土地
  18. “笨汉”(美国制造的气象卫星)
  19. 【计算机】信息组,字组,数据块;分程序块;记录块;正文块;存储块
v.(动词)
  1. 挡住(…的路),阻挡(对手),拦截,拦阻
  2. 堵住,堵塞,阻塞,封住(孔、洞)
  3. 妨碍,阻止,阻碍,阻挠
  4. 封锁,冻结
  5. 限制
  6. 把另一辆车堵住了
  7. 画(某物)的草图
  8. 遮住
  9. 忘掉(不愉快的事)
  10. 杜绝
  11. 对(议案)事先作反对宣传
  12. 把...放置台上
  13. 给…设置困难
  14. 用模具使…成形
  15. 贴一长条邮票于
  16. 使成块状
  17. 用枕座加固或支撑
  18. 有神经传导阻滞(on)

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]大块 a big heavy piece of sth, with flat sides
  2. [C]街区,街段 group of buildings joined together; distance along a group of buildings
  3. [C]一排房屋,大楼 a row building with a lot of offices or flats inside
  4. [C]障碍物 a thing that stops sb/sth from moving forward
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 阻塞,堵塞 make movement difficult or impossible
  2. vt. & vi. 阻碍,妨碍 put sth in the way of

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
block : 街区 ...
在 《外教社旅游英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 块 ...
在 《外教社统计学英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 台, 座, 方 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 阻塞, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 限制兑换( ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 雕刻用木[ ...
block : 砌块 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 金属 ...
在 《外教社出版印刷英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 街区 ...
在 《外教社人口学英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 块,断块; ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : (证券)交 ...
block : 限制兑换, ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 熨衣板,定 ...
在 《外教社纺织英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 部件;坯料 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : (一)组, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 封存 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
block : 座位区;套 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 施业区;短 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 总段,敦木 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides);

    "the pyramids were built with large stone blocks"

  2. a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings;

    "he lives in the next block"

  3. a three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides

  4. a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit;

    "he reserved a large block of seats"
    "he held a large block of the company's stock"

  5. housing in a large building that is divided into separate units;

    "there is a block of classrooms in the west wing"

  6. (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted;

    "since blocks are often defined as a single sector, the terms `block' and `sector' are sometimes used interchangeably"

  7. an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension;

    "I knew his name perfectly well but I had a temporary block"

  8. a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope

  9. a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine;

    "the engine had to be replaced because the block was cracked"

  10. an obstruction in a pipe or tube;

    "we had to call a plumber to clear out the blockage in the drainpipe"

  11. a platform from which an auctioneer sells;

    "they put their paintings on the block"

  12. the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements

Verb:
  1. render unsuitable for passage;

    "block the way"
    "barricade the streets"
    "stop the busy road"

  2. hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of;

    "His brother blocked him at every turn"

  3. stop from happening or developing;

    "Block his election"
    "Halt the process"

  4. interfere with or prevent the reception of signals;

    "Jam the Voice of America"
    "block the signals emitted by this station"

  5. run on a block system;

    "block trains"

  6. interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia;

    "block a nerve"
    "block a muscle"

  7. shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight;

    "The thick curtain blocked the action on the stage"
    "The trees obstruct my view of the mountains"

  8. stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block;

    "block the book cover"

  9. obstruct;

    "My nose is all stuffed"
    "Her arteries are blocked"

  10. block passage through;

    "obstruct the path"

  11. support, secure, or raise with a block;

    "block a plate for printing"
    "block the wheels of a car"

  12. impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball);

    "block an attack"

  13. be unable to remember;

    "I'm drawing a blank"
    "You are blocking the name of your first wife!"

  14. shape by using a block;

    "Block a hat"
    "block a garment"

  15. shape into a block or blocks;

    "block the graphs so one can see the results clearly"

  16. prohibit the conversion or use of (assets);

    "Blocked funds"
    "Freeze the assets of this hostile government"

block的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Walk two blocks down the street and go past the city hall.
    顺这条街走两个街区,过市政厅。
  2. The doctors succeeded in confining the contagious disease within the block.
    医生们成功地将这个传染病控制在这一街区的范围内。
  3. The floor was made of wooden blocks.
    地板是用木块拼成的。
  4. There is a block in the pipe and the water can not flow away.
    管子里有阻塞物,水流不出去。
  5. The chief stumbling block to his promotion is his lack of qualifications.
    他晋升的主要障碍是他的资格不够。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The Pyramids are made of blocks of stone.
    金字塔是由石块建成的。
  2. The statue was cut out of a block of marble.
    那座雕像是一块大理石雕成的。
  3. The streets are paved with blocks of stone.
    那些街道是用石块铺成的。
  4. To build the project, more than 3 million huge blocks of stone are needed.
    这项工程需要300万块巨石。
  5. A block of stone lies on the road.
    路上有一大块石头。
  6. The bridge is made of blocks of stone.
    这座桥是用石块建成的。
  7. Blocks of stone are often used in building.
    建筑上常用块石。
  8. The blocks of stone in the Pyramids are five or six feet high.
    金字塔上的石块五六英尺高。
  9. The house is built, the streets are paved of blocks of stone or wood.
    房屋用石块或木块造成,街道用石块或木块铺成。
  10. The house is built of concrete blocks.
    这房子用水泥砖建成。
  11. The floor was made of wooden blocks.
    这地板是用木块拼成的。
  12. A butcher cuts up his meat on a large block of wood.
    卖肉的在一块大木墩上砍肉。
  13. The salt has solidified into a single block.
    盐凝成了一大块。
  14. A block of ice fell on his foot.
    一大块冰落到了他的脚上。
  15. This was compared with a block of iron squeezed on an anvil.
    这可与在铁砧上挤压出来的铁块相比较。
  16. Don't just sit there like a block of wood!
    别木呆呆地坐在那里!
  17. They would like to sell the goods in a block.
    他们想批发这些货物。
  18. He has just brought in a large block of mail.
    他刚取来一大批邮件。
  19. You may take one from the block of tickets.
    你可以从这一叠票中取一张。
  20. Write your name in block letters.
    请用印刷体书写姓名。
  21. There was a block in the pipe and the water couldn't flow away.
    管子堵塞,水不能流走。
  22. The traffic block lasted two hours.
    交通的阻塞持续了两个小时。
  23. The snowstorm has caused a block on the railway.
    这场暴风雪已造成铁路交通中断。
  24. He has been detained by a road block from a landslide.
    塌方引起的公路阻塞使他不能走动。
  25. I have been detained by a block in the street.
    我因街上拥塞而受阻。
  26. The football player threw a block that knocked the ball-carrier out of bounds.
    那足球运动员飞身阻挡对方的带球队员,把他摔到了场外。
  27. He works in the block of offices.
    他在办公大楼工作。
  28. They are building a new block of offices near the school.
    他们正在学校附近建一座新的办公楼。
  29. His flat is on the fourth floor of five storey block.
    他的住宅在五层楼房的第四层。
  30. They have built a block of two-storey houses.
    他们盖了一排两层楼的楼房。
  31. Blocks after blocks of flats are being built now.
    一个又一个的住宅小区正在建设。
  32. The block of flats is that big building over there.
    公寓大楼是那边那座大建筑。
  33. The building occupies an entire city block.
    这幢大楼占了整整一个街区。
  34. They went around the block.
    他们在街区那里拐过去了。
  35. The office is four blocks from here.
    办公室距离这里有4个街区。
  36. To reach the department store, walk two blocks north and then turn left.
    要去百货商店,请向北走两个街区,再向左转。
  37. Walk one block east, and you'll find the store at the corner.
    向东走一条街,那家 商店就在拐角处。
  38. The place you're looking for is three blocks along the street.
    你要找的地方顺着街走三个街区就到了。
  39. The station is six blocks away from here.
    车站离这里有六条街的距离。
  40. The hotel is two blocks away.
    那家旅馆同这里隔着两条街。
  41. The post-office is only three blocks away.
    只横穿三条马路就是邮局。
  42. My house is just two blocks away.
    过两条马路就是我家。
  43. American towns are built in blocks.
    美国城市建设采取棋盘形。
  44. The king was sent to the block.
    国王被送上断头台。
  45. The revolutionary Parisians were not afraid to be sent to the block.
    革命的巴黎人不怕被送上断头台。
  46. King Henry caused two of his wives to go to the block.
    亨利国王使他的两个妻子上了断头台。
  47. He was sentenced to the block.
    他被判处死刑。
  48. There are road blocks on the country road.
    乡间的马路上设有路障。
  49. The police set up a road block to catch the thief.
    为了抓捕窃贼,警察设立了路障。
  50. There will be blocks on the road to the town.
    在通向市区的道路上将设置路障。
  51. It has become a stumbling block to the progress of human civilization.
    它已成为人类文化发展的绊脚石。
  52. Articles and prepositions are stumbling blocks to the beginners of English.
    冠词和介词是初学英语者的绊脚石。
  53. These are stumbling blocks to our scheme.
    这些是阻碍我们计划的障碍。
  54. Do you like the pictures printed in colours from wooden blocks?
    你喜欢这些套色木版画吗?
  55. This is a picture printed in colours from wooden blocks.
    这是一张从木版着色印成的图画。
  56. Several museums tried to buy the famous painting when it went to the block.
    当这幅名画拍卖时好几个博物馆都想买下它。
  57. The children are playing with toy blocks.
    孩子们在玩积木。
  58. Are children's building blocks available in this shop?
    这家商店卖儿童积木吗?
  59. Build a house with your blocks.
    用你的积木搭个房子吧。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He doesn't get any baskets, but can block.
    他投篮不准,但阻挡却有一手。
  2. The director will block tomorrow.
    导演明天将排演。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. With his own body Huang Jiguang blocked the muzzle of the enemy's machine gun.
    黄继光用自己的身体挡住了敌人的枪眼。
  2. They blocked the entrance with big stones.
    他们用大石块堵住了入口。
  3. They blocked the compound gate.No one of the bandits got away.
    他们堵住大门,匪徒一个也没跑掉。
  4. A rough-looking man blocked her pathway.
    一个彪形大汉拦住了她的去路。
  5. They blocked him down.
    他们把他挡住。
  6. A snowdrift blocked his path.
    雪堆阻碍了他的去路。
  7. Trees blocked our path.
    树木挡住了我们的去路。
  8. The trees outside the window block the sun.
    窗外的树阻挡了阳光。
  9. The high building blocked our view.
    那座高楼阻挡了我们的视野。
  10. Something is blocking the pipe.
    有什么东西阻塞了管道。
  11. Something blocked the flow of the liquid in the pipe.
    有什么东西阻塞了管子里的液体流动。
  12. The crowd blocked the street.
    拥挤的人群阻塞了街道。
  13. Buildings were smashed and burning and rubble heaps blocked many streets.
    许多楼房倒塌,正在燃烧,瓦砾堆堵塞了许多街道。
  14. The player tried to block his opponent.
    这位选手试图阻止他的对手。
  15. Her father blocked her appointment.
    她父亲阻止了她的约会。
  16. His illness blocked his progress of study.
    他的病妨碍了学业的进步。
  17. We blocked the enemy's plan.
    我们挫败了敌人的计划。
  18. Someone is blocking our plan.
    有人在阻挡我们实施计划。
  19. Her sickness blocked my plan for the party.
    她的病使举行宴会的计划告吹。
  20. The general succeeded in blocking the enemy's plan.
    这位将军成功地阻止了敌军的企图。
  21. The Opposition blocked the passage of the bill through parliament.
    反对党阻止议会通过那项法案。
  22. The dumping of foreign cotton blocked outlets for locally grown cotton.
    外国棉花的倾销阻滞了当地生产的棉花的销路。
  23. We must try all means to block the spread of the epidemic.
    我们必须千方百计地阻止流行病的传播。
  24. The string of lofty Himalayan peaks blocks the moist air currents blowing up from the Indian Ocean.
    喜马拉雅山巍峨的群峰阻挡了从印度洋吹来的潮湿气流。
  25. 用于be ~ed结构
  26. The door was blocked with big rocks.
    门被巨石堵塞起来了。
  27. The street was completely blocked.
    整个街被阻塞。
  28. The alley was blocked with crowds.
    胡同被人群阻塞。
  29. The street is blocked in both directions.
    街的两头都堵塞了。
  30. The street is blocked to traffic.
    街道交通受阻。
  31. The roads were blocked with crowds of people.
    道路被人群挤得水泄不通。
  32. The road was blocked by a big truck.
    一辆大卡车阻塞了这条路。
  33. The climbers suddenly found that their way was blocked by a perpendicular ice wall.
    登山队员突然发现他们的去路被矗立的冰崖阻断了。
  34. All roads are blocked by the heavy snowfall.The passengers are in danger.
    所有道路均被大雪所阻塞,旅客处于危险之中。
  35. You can't leave the city, all the roads are blocked by snow.
    你出不了城了,所有的道路都被雪堵住了。
  36. The harbour was blocked by ice.
    港口被冰封了。
  37. The oil passage is partly blocked.
    油路部分堵塞了。
  38. On holidays the lake in the park is often blocked by pleasure boats.
    假日里,公园的湖上常常挤满了游艇。
  39. My nose was blocked by my cold and I couldn't breathe.
    我的鼻子因伤风而受阻,不能呼吸。
  40. The principal airports of Iraq are seriously blocked.
    伊拉克的主要空港受到了严重的封锁。
  41. The harbour is blocked from the rest of the world.
    这个港口与世界各地的通航被封锁了。
  42. The nearest exit was blocked by people.
    最近的一个出口已被人们封锁了。
  43. All our plans have been blocked by our opponents.
    我们的所有计划都受到对手阻挠。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
knock block off
  1. 叫某人吃苦头,痛打某人 knock sb's head off

    Jim will knock your block off if he catches you riding his bike. 吉姆若碰见你骑他的自行车,一定会揍你。

mental block
  1. 思路中断 obstruction to a thought process

    I get a mental block every time I try to do sums in my head. 每次我用心做算术题时,我的脑子就木了。

on the block
  1. 出售中的 on sale

    The vacant house was on the block. 这座空房待出售。

    Young cattle are grown and sent to market to be placed on the block. 小牛长大后,送到市场出售。

put head on the block
  1. 自投罗网 deliberately make oneself vulnerable

    You tell the boss about the mistake; I'm not going to put my head on the block ! 你去把差错告诉老板,我可不打算自投罗网。

用作动词 (v.)
block in (v.+adv.)
  1. 塞满(某一空间) fill a space, especially with blocks

    They are trying to block in the space. 他们正在设法把空隙填满。

    As we did not need a third door to the room, we blocked in the space of one of them with bricks. 因为这个房间不需要三道门,我们就把其中一道用砖堵上了。

    Now that the well has run dry, we must block it in with bricks. 那口井既然已经干涸,我们应该用砖块填平它。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The harbour was blocked in by floating masses of ice. 大块大块的浮冰把港口堵塞了。

  2. 使(某物)受限制或受阻 trap sth and prevent it moving

    The traffic was so thick that a whole row of cars got blocked in. 交通十分拥挤,一大队汽车都被堵住了。

    The jeep has been blocked in by all those lorries. 吉普车已被那些卡车团团围住了。

  3. 画略图,草样 draw outline of sth without using details

    Mr. Brown has blocked in the plans for the house but has given no details. 布朗先生只勾画了房子设计草样,未给出细节。

    He has blocked in the construction plan of the factory. 他已画出那个工厂建设规划的略图。

    The draughtsman rapidly blocked in his idea . 制图员很快地把他的构思画成草图。

block off (v.+adv.)
  1. 关闭(某物); 封闭或封锁(某处) prevent sth from its usual use by closing block sb/sth ⇔ off

    The plumbers blocked off the gas pipe to check escapes.管道工堵住了煤气管道以制止泄漏。

    Snow has blocked off traffic on the motorway雪阻碍了高速公路上的交通。

    They have blocked off all side streets giving access to the main street.他们把所有通向大街的胡同都阻断了。

    The police blocked off the street where the gunman was hiding.警察封锁了持枪歹徒躲藏的那条街。

    The landslide blocked off the railway to traffic.塌方使铁路交通中断了。

    People swept across the court blocking them off.人群冲过院子,把他们挡住。

    I tried to fix two or three things with her and she blocked me off each time.我想和她商定两三件事,可她每次都不让我谈下去。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    They ran across areas which were blocked off by barrage fire.他们跑过炮火封锁的地区。

    All the side-streets have been blocked off by the police for the passage of the honor fleet.警察封锁了迎宾车队沿途的所有通道。

    The gas pipe has been blocked off to prevent escapes.煤气管道已被关闭,以防漏气。

block out (v.+adv.)
  1. 遮住或挡住(某物),涂抹 get in the way of sth; daub, smear

    That wall blocks out all the light. 那堵墙把光线都遮住了。

    During the solar eclipse, the moon blocked out the sunlight. 发生日食时,月亮挡住了阳光。

    He pulled down the Venetian blinds to block out the light. 他放下软百叶窗帘,把光线挡住。

    We put a piece of cloth across the window to block out the sunlight. 我们把一块布横挂在窗子上遮住阳光。

    They put the oil cloth on the roof to block out the rain. 他们把油布铺在房项上,防止雨水渗漏。

    Slowly the mist engulfed us until it blocked out the surrounding peaks. 薄雾慢慢地将我们吞没,最后把四围的山峰遮住了。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The section of road immediately ahead was blocked out by a rope barrier. 马路的前面不远处被绳子拦住了。

  2. 遮挡…使…不被印出来 cover part of a picture or page so that it will not show on a copy

    Block out this unimportant detail at the top of your picture. 在底片上把图像上部的这个不重要的细节涂抹掉。

    Block out the bottom of this picture when it is printed; the balance of the page will be better. 洗印的时候,压掉照片的底部,这样看起来平衡效果好些。

    The photograph could be improved by blocking out one of the trees. 把其中的一棵树涂抹掉,这张照片就好看一些了。

  3. 画出…的略图; 打草样; 计划 draw a plan or outline of sth without using details; lay out, plan

    He has blocked out a colour scheme for the exhibition hall. 他已为展览会大厅画出了一幅色彩设计略图。

    Having blocked out the ground floor, they realized that there was no room for a kitchen! 他们画出了底层的草图之后,发现竟没有地方建造厨房!

    He's blocked out an outline for his essay. 他为他那篇论文写了个提纲。

    I have blocked out a plan of study. 我已拟订了一个学习计划。

    A committee meeting will be called to block out a plan of action. 将要召开委员会制订行动计划。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The area has been blocked out, and building will begin soon. 这个地区已经画出了草图,不久就要施工。

block up (v.+adv.)
  1. 封闭,堵塞(某处) close sth prevent movement through sth

    The hunter blocked up the hole of the beast. 猎人堵塞了兽穴。

    You'd better block up that hole in the wall; it's letting the cold in. 你最好把墙上那个洞堵住,它把冷气放进来了。

    They blocked up the entrance to the cave with big rocks. 他们用大石头堵住了洞口。

    The workmen blocked up the entrance to the cellars. 工人们把地窖的入口堵塞起来了。

    They will have to block up the entrance to the tunnel. 他们将不得不封闭通往隧道的入口。

    The ice blocks up the river, making the upstream water unable to flow. 冰把河道堵住了,上游的水流不下来。

    If you block up the chimney, the smoke would fill the room. 如果把烟囱堵住,烟就会充满屋子。

    The demonstrators blocked the streets up. 示威者阻塞了街道。

    A severe snowstorm blocked up railroads. 一场暴风雪使铁路中断。

    People are cleaning up the snowdrifts that block up the railroads. 人们在清除阻碍铁路交通的雪堆。

    The traffic is very heavy, and has begun to block up the streets. 交通量很大,已经开始把街道阻塞住了。

    A ship ran aground in the Suez Canal and blocked up the traffic. 一艘船在苏伊士运河中搁浅,阻塞了航道。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The entrance was blocked up with sand bags. 入口被人用沙包堵住了。

    The drains are blocked up. 排水管道堵塞了。

    The river is blocked up with ice. 河道为冰块堵塞。

    The pipe is blocked up again and there's water all over the floor. 管道又被堵塞,弄得满地是水。

    The sewage has been blocked up.We should send some workers to repair it. 下水道堵了。我们得派些工人把它修好。

    They were blocked up within the valley by a severe snowstorm. 他们被一场暴风雪困在山谷里。

    My nose is all blocked up and I can't breathe. 我的鼻子全部被堵塞了,不能呼吸。

  2. 垫高 fix sth with blocks

    You will have to block up the wheel of the car to change the tyre. 换轮胎必须把车轮垫起来。

    The driver blocked up the rear wheels of his lorry with a jack to find out what was wrong. 司机用千斤顶垫高汽车的后轮,查看什么地方出了毛病。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The more solid blocks of ice shoot forward in advance of the lighter debris.

    出自:J. Tyndall
  • The combination began by selling large blocks of the Stock for future delivery.

    出自:J. G. Holland
  • The information on the tape is concentrated into blocks, separated by empty gaps.

    出自:O. Dopping
  • Blocking vp their hearts against the Lord.

    出自:W. Prynne
  • Our little harbor was completely blocked in by heavy masses [of ice].

    出自:E. K. Kane
  • Mitch has started towards the bedroom. Stanley crosses to block him.

    出自:T. Williams
  • The passage was nearly blocked by dustbins.

    出自:G. Greene
  • Cressy had tried to talk to him, but he had courteously blocked conversation.

    出自:E. J. Howard

block的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 在英国block指高大的房子,即“大厦”或“大楼”;
  2. 在美国block指四面邻街的一块地或建筑群,称为一个街区,也可指这样一个block的每一边,即两条平行街道之间的一段路。
n.(名词)
  1. block是可数名词,基本意思是指带有直边由较硬材料构成的长方形的块状物,如木块、石块或其他固体材料,引申则指高大的建筑物,即大厦、大楼等。在美国, block是指四面是马路的一块街区,或街区之间的距离; 在澳大利亚则指闹市或繁华的大马路。
  2. block用作单位词,其前可加some等修饰。block修饰不可数名词时,表示复数意义的名词不变,只需将block变为blocks; 修饰可数名词复数时, block和所修饰的名词都须变成复数。
  3. block用于比喻,作“障碍,障碍物”解时,是可数名词。泛指“阻塞;堵住”多用单数形式,表示多次或多处阻塞时用复数形式。
v.(动词)
  1. block的基本意思是“阻挡”,即在路上设置障碍。含有堵得十分严密,以致出入口完全封锁,通道完全受阻的意味。引申可用于抽象事物,指“妨碍”“阻碍”“冻结(资金)”。
  2. block可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,不接动词不定式或从句,可用于被动结构,常与一些副词或介词连用,如in, off, up等。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
block, piece
这两个词在意思上有所不同:block多指大块的木头或石块等; piece指一般的“片”“块”,最为常用。例如:
Please give me a piece of cake.请给我一片面包。
v.(动词)
block, bar, dam, hinder, impede, obstruct
这组词的共同意思是“阻挡”。其区别是:
1.block指有效地堵住了所有通道,使人、物等无法通过; bar指堵住出入口; dam指挡住涌流物,如眼泪等; obstruct和impede都指在路上设障碍以使运动的物体或事物速度放慢或阻挡其前进, impede比obstruct语气更强些,指困难非常大; hinder则强调阻碍和干扰的有害或令人讨厌。例如:
Heavy traffic blocked the road.拥挤的车辆阻塞了道路。
She barred him out of her room.她把他关在她的房间外面。
She barred up her tears.她抑制住了自己的眼泪。
Tall trees obstructed his moving.大树阻挡了他的前进。
The development of the project was seriously impeded by a reduction in funds.由于基金削减,工程进度严重受阻。
2.bar有时没有阻碍的含义,只指“禁止”。例如:
My father barred smoking at the dinner-table.我父亲禁止在餐桌上用餐时吸烟。
block, prevent
这二者都可表示“阻止”,其区别是:
prevent表示某种障碍阻止某人做某事, block指有效地堵住了所有的通道,使人、物等无法通过。例如:
Bad weather prevented us from starting.恶劣的天气使我们不能动身。
Heavy snow blocked our road.大雪堵住了我们的去路。
block bar hinder obstruct prevent hamper
这些动词均含有“阻止、阻塞”之意。
  • block:block语气强烈,指有效堵住了通道,使人或物无法通过。
  • bar:bar含义与block很接近,指阻塞通道或禁止出入,但有暗示不用障碍物的阻止或禁止。
  • hinder:hinder语气较轻,多指阻碍、拖延人或事,强调使进展速度缓慢下来。
  • obstruct:obstruct正式用词,语气强,多指以干扰或设置障碍的方式阻碍交通,使不能自由畅通。
  • prevent:prevent含义广泛,指采取预防措施或设置障碍去阻止某人或某事。
  • hamper:hamper侧重因受到约束或阻碍而造成的行动困难。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古法语lb的oc,意为木材,树干;最初源自中世纪荷兰语lb的oc,意为树干。

block的相关资料:

正版词典

block : (木,金属 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 阻滞, 阻 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
block : 大块,街区 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

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