pin

  核心词汇  
[pɪn]     [pɪn]    
  • n. 别针(大头针);徽章;<口>脚
  • v. 钉住;别住;固定住
  • abbr. 个人识别码(=Personal Identification Number),<印>邮编(=Postal Index Number)
pinned pinned pinning pins
new

pin的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 饰针,胸针,扣针
  2. 管脚
  3. 别针,大头针
  4. 【电】插头
  5. 发夹, 轸子
  6. 有别针的徽章
  7. 测针
  8. 【海】桨架脚
  9. 小桶
  10. 没价值的东西
  11. 枢轴
v. (动词)
  1. 钉住,别住,扣住
  2. 压住,按住
  3. 按住使不能动,束缚住,使不能动弹
  4. 围住,关住
  5. 抓住
  6. 【军】牵制
  7. 把…归罪于,把…归咎于
  8. (使)固定,(用别针、大头针)固定住
  9. 别上
  10. 钳住
  11. 完全依赖
  12. 寄希望于,指望
  13. 找某人查问
  14. 把…别住,把…钉住
  15. 刺穿
  16. 将学生会的会徽给与(女生以示爱)
abbr. (缩略词)
  1. =personal identification number 个人识别号

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]大头针 a short thin piece of metal that looks like a small nail, used for fastening together pieces of cloth, paper, etc.
  2. [C]饰针 a quite short thin piece of metal, pointed at one end and with a decoration at the other
  3. [C]锁,钉,插头,闩 peg of wood or metal for various special purposes
  4. [C]保险针,保险栓 clip on a hand grenade that stops it from exploding
  5. [P]〈俚〉腿 legs
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 把…别住,把…钉住 fasten or join with a pin or pins
  2. vt. 压住,使不能动 keep in one position, especially by weight from above

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a piece of jewelry that is pinned onto the wearer's garment

  2. when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat

  3. small markers inserted into a surface to mark scores or define locations etc.

  4. a number you choose and use to gain access to various accounts

  5. informal terms for the leg;

    "fever left him weak on his sticks"

  6. axis consisting of a short shaft that supports something that turns

  7. cylindrical tumblers consisting of two parts that are held in place by springs; when they are aligned with a key the bolt can be thrown

  8. flagpole used to mark the position of the hole on a golf green

  9. a small slender (often pointed) piece of wood or metal used to support or fasten or attach things

  10. a holder attached to the gunwale of a boat that holds the oar in place and acts as a fulcrum for rowing

  11. a club-shaped wooden object used in bowling; set up in triangular groups of ten as the target

Verb:
  1. to hold fast or prevent from moving;

    "The child was pinned under the fallen tree"

  2. attach or fasten with pins or as if with pins;

    "pin the needle to the shirt"
    "pin the blame on the innocent man"

  3. pierce with a pin;

    "pin down the butterfly"

  4. immobilize a piece

pin的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I bought a tie pin for my husband yesterday.
    昨天我给丈夫买了一支领带别针。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He pinned the notice to the board.
    他把通知钉在布告牌上。
  2. Pin the bills together so you don't lose them.
    把账单别在一起以防遗失。
  3. The general pinned the medal on the soldier's chest.
    将军把奖章别在这位士兵的胸前。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The dressmaker used a pin to fasten the pattern to the cloth.
    裁缝用大头针把样式别在布料上。
  2. She fastened her coat with a pin.
    她用别针扣紧她的衣服。
  3. He's quick on his pins.
    他两条腿跑得快。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She had pinned a black wild rose in her hair.
    她头上别了一朵黑色的野玫瑰。
  2. The policeman pinned the thief's arms behind him.
    警察把小偷的双臂反剪在背后。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
as clean〔neat〕 as a new pin
    非常清洁,整齐 very clean; neat
for two pins
    〈口〉理由很简单 for the slightest reason
not care〔give〕 a pin〔two pins〕
    毫不介意 not care at all
on pins and needles
    坐立不安,如坐针毡 anxious; nervous
pins and needles
    刺痛,发麻 tingling in one's extremities
you can hear a pin drop
    非常安静 it is very quiet
用作动词 (v.)
pin against (v.+prep.)
    把…按〔钉〕在…上 trap; hold (sth/sb) by force next to (sth)
    pin sb/sth against sth

    Pinning his arms against his sides, the thieves searched his pockets.

    窃贼们把他的手臂按在他身体的两侧,然后搜他的衣袋。

    They pinned him against the wall.

    他们把他按到墙上。

    He was pinned against the fence by a boy twice his size. He could hardly breathe.

    他被一个身材两倍于他的男孩按在篱笆上,使他喘不过气来。

pin back (v.+adv.)
    (用别针)向后别住〔固定住〕 fasten or hold (sth) back (with pins)
    pin sth ⇔ back

    The dog pinned its ears back to catch the faint sound.

    那条狗的耳朵向后支着,倾听细微的声响。

pin down (v.+adv.)
    下定论; 找到或辨认出 explain the exact nature of (sth); find or recognize (sb/sth)
    pin sb/sth ⇔ down

    We should use our secondary forces to pin down several enemy columns.

    我们应该用助攻部队来牵制住敌人的几个纵队。

    The man was pinned down by a fallen beam.

    那人被一根倒下的梁木压住了。

    We were pinned down by the enemy fire.

    我们被敌人的炮火压住了。

    The soldier was pinned down in the hole because rifle bullets were flying over his head.

    那个士兵被困在洞里,子弹正在他头顶乱飞。

    pin sb ⇔ down

    Jackson says he will call a meeting, but we cannot pin him down about a date.

    杰克逊说他要召开一个会议,但我们不能使他说出准确的日期。

    I won't pin you down to a particular day; just come whenever you're free.

    我不想让你定下确切的日子,你什么时候有空就过来。

    If I can find the letter in which he promised to make a contribution,I'll pin him down to it.

    如果我能找到他答应捐款的那封信,我一定要他履行诺言。

    pin sb/sth ⇔ down

    I can't pin her down, but I've seen her before.

    我说不清她是谁,但我曾经见过她。

    I seem to recognize the quotation, but I can't pin it down to its author.

    引用的这段话我似乎见过,但记不清作者是谁了。

    The police tried to pin down the blame for the fire in the school.

    警方设法弄清学校失火的责任。

    It is difficult to pin down the exact meaning of this word.

    很难确定这个词的确切含义。

    There is a tune going around my head, but I can't pin it down.

    我头脑中回荡着一支乐曲旋律,然而我却说不出它出自哪首曲子。

    There was a lot of noise coming from the classroom.but I couldn't pin it down to any particular group of students.

    教室里传来一片哄闹声,但我很难辨出是哪些学生发出的。

    At last we were able to pin the trouble down to a fault in the machine.

    最后,我们终于找到了症结所在,是机器里面出了毛病。

pin on1 (v.+adv.)
    钉上; 别上,别起来 fasten (sth) on with a pin or pins
    pin sth ⇔ on

    When you go to the palace to receive your Military Cross, the Queen herself will pin it on.

    你去皇宫接受十字勋章时,女王会亲自为你别上勋章。

    Be careful with that dress; it's only pinned on.

    当心那件衣服,它只是用针别上去的。

pin on2 (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉把(某事)归咎于(某人); 把(责任等)强加于(某人) force (sth) on (sb)
    pin sth on sth

    He pinned a badge on his jacket.

    他把一枚徽章别在外套上。

    She pinned the pattern on the cloth.

    她用针把图样别在布料上。

    We pinned the notice on the blackboard.

    我们把通知固定在黑板上。

    pin sth on sb

    In order to save their own skins they sought to pin the crime on an innocent person.

    为了安全地逃脱,他们把罪名加在一个无辜的人身上。

    Don't try to pin the blame on me; I didn't do it.

    别企图把这个责任推给我,我没干。

    The bank manager was really to blame, but he tried to pin it on a clerk.

    银行经理实际上应该受到责备,但是他想把责任推到一名职员身上。

    We know that he did it, but it would be difficult to pin it on him since there is no witness.

    我们知道这事是他干的,但由于没有证人,要归罪于他是困难的。

    This affair will be pinned on one of us if we are not careful.

    如果我们不谨慎的话,这件事的责任会落在我们其中一个人的身上。

pin to (v.+prep.)
    (用针)把…固定在…上 fix, hold, or trap (sb/sth) to (sth) (with a pin or pins)
    pin sb/sth to sth

    Dad took a pin and pinned the flower to her coat.

    爸爸取出一枚别针,将花别在她的外衣上。

    The tree fell, pinning him to the ground.

    树倒了,把他压在地上动弹不得。

    The notice was pinned to the wall.

    通知钉在墙上。

pin together (v.+adv.)
    别在一起 fasten (sth) together with a pin or pins
    pin sth together

    Pin the bill together so you don't lose them.

    把账单别在一起以防遗失。

    All the papers are pinned together.

    所有的文件都别在一起了。

pin under (v.+prep.)
    把…压在〔挤在〕…下 trap (usually sb) beneath (sth)
    pin sb/sth under sth

    The train derailed and a number of passengers were pinned under the carriages.

    火车出了轨,一些旅客被压在车厢下。

    The boy's leg was pinned under the car after the accident.

    事故后那男孩的腿被压在车下动弹不得。

    The car was pinned under a fallen tree.

    汽车被倒下的树压住了。

pin up (v.+adv.)
    把…钉在大家看得见的地方 fasten (sth such as a picture) in public view
pin with (v.+prep.)
    用…把…别住 fasten (sth) usually with a pin
    pin sth with sth

    She pinned the gown at the neck with a safety pin.

    她在领子那儿用一枚别针把睡衣别住。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Ernestina stared..at his dark blue cravat with its pearl pin.

    出自: J. Fowles
  • Fingering her hair and fastening a stray piece with a pin.

    出自: N. Lowndes
  • Pinning a ten shilling note to the letter.

    出自: P. Mortimer
  • Where there is more than one ticket they are pinned together.

    出自: J. D. Hamilton

pin的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. pin的基本意思是“大头针”,也可指“饰针”“有别针的徽章”,是可数名词。引申可表示没有价值的东西。
  2. pin也可作“锁,钉,插头,闩”解,还可指手榴弹上的“保险针”或“保险栓”。
  3. pin的复数形式pins有“腿”的意思。
v. (动词)
  1. pin用作动词意思是“(用别针)把…别住,把…钉住”,也可作“使固定”“使不能动”解。
  2. pin是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. pin down意为“钉住,压住; 明确说出; 使受约束”; pin sth on sb 意为“把某事(如错误、罪名等)强加在某人身上”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的pinn,意为钉子,挂钩;最初源自古典拉丁语的pinna,意为翅膀,羽毛。
今日热词
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