arm

  基本词汇  
[ɑːm]     [ɑːrm]    
  • n.臂;扶手;袖子
  • n.武器;军种
  • vt.武装;装备
  • (复)arms: 军事行动;纹章;兵役.
armer armed armed arming arms
new

arm是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 臂,手臂,上肢,臂状物
  2. 扶手
  3. 衣袖,袖子
  4. 兵种
  5. 武器
  6. 权力
  7. 大树枝
  8. 力量
  9. 部门,分部
  10. 狭长港湾,狭长地带
  11. 职能部门
  12. 花一大笔钱
  13. 与某人保持距离
  14. 军事行动
  15. 纹章
  16. 兵役
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. = antiradar missile 反雷达飞弹
  2. = antiradiation missile 反辐射飞弹
  3. = automated route management 自动化程式管理
  4. = adjustable rate mortgage 可调息抵押贷款
  5. = Asynchronous Response Mode 异步应答方式
v.(动词)
  1. 用武器装备,武装(到牙齿),全副武装, 装备武器、工具等,装备(防御工事)
  2. 提供,供给,供给...武器,为...提供武器,给...装甲
  3. 配备(所需部件)
  4. 备战
  5. 给…装上引信(导火线)
  6. 打开…的保险
  7. 准备发射
  8. 使随时爆炸
  9. 拿起武器,准备(斗争)
  10. 发给
  11. 扩充军备
  12. 筑堡于,设防于
  13. 准备…以随时应用

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]臂 the part of body from shoulder to hand
  2. [U]武器,军火 a thing that you use for fighting
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 把…武装起来 supply weapons and armor

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
arm : ARM微处理 ...
arm : 胳膊, 袖子 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
arm : 反雷 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
arm : =adjustabl ...
arm : 臂 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
arm : 臂 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
arm : 臂; ...
arm : 指针 ...
arm : 臂 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb

  2. any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm;

    "the arm of the record player"
    "an arm of the sea"
    "a branch of the sewer"

  3. any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting;

    "he was licensed to carry a weapon"

  4. the part of an armchair or sofa that supports the elbow and forearm of a seated person

  5. a division of some larger or more complex organization;

    "a branch of Congress"
    "botany is a branch of biology"
    "the Germanic branch of Indo-European languages"

  6. the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm

Verb:
  1. prepare oneself for a military confrontation;

    "The U.S. is girding for a conflict in the Middle East"
    "troops are building up on the Iraqi border"

  2. supply with arms;

    "The U.S. armed the freedom fighters in Afghanistan"

arm的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. You should wind a cloth round the wounded arm.
    你应该把一块布缠在受伤的和臂上。
  2. The archer holds the bow in his bow arm.
    运动员用执弓臂握住弓。
  3. His left arm was hurt in an accident.
    他的左胳膊在一次事故中受伤了。
  4. He draped his legs over the arm of the chair.
    他懒洋洋地把双腿搭在椅子的扶手上。
  5. There's a tear in the arm of my jacket.
    我上衣袖子上有个破囗。
  6. They were not allowed to use arms.
    不许他们使用武器。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The new battleship shall be armed with 16-inch guns.
    新战舰将以16英寸口径的大炮武装起来。
  2. The nation must arm its soldiers for battle.
    国家必须装备士兵,以防打仗。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He broke his arm in an accident.
    他在一次事故中折断了手臂。
  2. They took me by the arm.
    他们抓住我的胳膊。
  3. Every person has two arms, the right arm and the left arm.
    每个人都有两支手臂,左臂和右臂。
  4. The right arm is usually stronger.
    右臂通常较强壮。
  5. She put her arm around his neck and kissed him.
    她搂住他的脖子,吻了他。
  6. Don't stay under the arm of a derrick!
    不要在起重机的吊臂下!
  7. A hooligan put the arm on him last night when he was on his way home.
    昨晚在回家的路上,他遭到流氓的抢劫。
  8. The policemen put the arm on the man until they could verify his story.
    警察把这个人扣留起来,等到核实了他没有问题以后才释放他。
  9. They were not allowed to use arms.
    不许他们使用武器。
  10. British policemen do not usually carry arms.
    英国警察通常不带武器。
  11. People were up in arms against the invaders.
    人民拿起武器反抗侵略者。
  12. There is no need to get up in arms about such trifles.
    为这样一些小事动火毫无必要。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Their former enemy is arming again.
    他们从前的敌人正在重整军备。
  2. War is certain, we should arm without delay.
    战争肯定要发生,我们必须立即武装起来。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He said that both sides were arming themselves.
    他说双方都在武装着自己。
  2. We must know how to arm ourselves.
    我们应该懂得怎样武装自己。
  3. During World War II the United States armed many of its allies.
    第二次世界大战期间,美国为它的许多同盟国提供武器装备。
  4. In colonial days the French armed the Indians to attack the British.
    在殖民地时期法国人武装印度人去抗击英国人。
  5. 用于be ~ed结构
  6. The man was armed to the teeth.
    那人是全副武装。
其他 v -ing as Adverb.
  1. Arming only with a short sword, he drove off five of his attackers.
    他只持一把短剑就赶跑了五名来犯者。
v -ed as Adverb.
  1. Armed with such a precept, a number of doctors may slip into deceptive practices.
    有了这样一条指导原则,一些医生可能渐渐习惯于采取骗人的做法。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
arm in arm
  1. 挽臂,携手 with the arm of one person being passed through the bent arm of the other

    The boys ran down the road arm in arm. 孩子们手挽手沿着马路跑去。

    The new couple walked arm in arm into the theatre. 那对新婚夫妇手挽手的走进了剧院。

bear arms
  1. 从军,服兵役 join the army

    In case of need, we must bear arms. 在需要的时候,我们都必须从军。

go to arms
  1. 诉诸武力 settle the matter by the use of the army

    Having failed to resolve their disputes at the conference table, the two countries went to arms. 和平解决争端的努力失败以后,两国便诉诸武力。

make a long arm for
  1. 伸臂去拿某物 reach arms to catch sth

    The monkey made a long arm for the peach. 猴子伸臂去摘桃子。

twist arm
  1. 强迫 oblige sb to do sth

    I've really had quite enough to eat, but perhaps if you twist my arm I could have just a little bit more. 我真的吃得非常饱了,不过要是你硬要我再吃,也许我还可以吃一点。

用作动词 (v.)
arm against( v.+prep. )
  1. 为对付…而武装起来; 对…加以防备 provide defence for oneself or sb with weapons, etc. against sth; guard against arm against sth

    We bought the house to arm against big price rises.我们买了这处住宅,以防大涨价。

    arm sb/oneself against sb/sth

    We must arm the people against the lowering of our morals.我们必须武装人们的头脑,以防我们的道德标准降低。

arm for ( v.+prep. )
  1. 武装…以备 supply sb with weapons for; prepare for arm for sth

    The soldiers armed for battle.士兵们拿起武器准备战斗。

    arm sb/sth for sth

    The nation must arm its soldiers for battle.国家必须为战士提供打仗武器。

arm with ( v.+prep. )
  1. 用…武装; 向…提供 provide sb with weapons; provide with the means to gain sth arm sb/oneself/sth with sth

    They armed him with a rifle.他们发给他一支步枪。

    John had armed himself with an excuse before he went to see the headmaster.约翰去见校长之前已经为自己准备好了一个借口。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The crowd were armed with broken bottles.那帮人手中备有碎酒瓶子。

    The divers were armed with cameras and collecting gear.潜水员配备了照相机和收集用具。

    A teacher should be armed with answers to questions that his pupils are likely to ask.一个教师应该准备好学生可能提出的问题答案。

    The warship was armed with 16-inch guns.战舰配有16英寸口径大炮。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He got up and put his arm around her like a brother.

    出自:G. Stein
  • Outside I met Therese with her arms full of pillows and blankets.

    出自:J. Conrad
  • Allowing his long, gorilla-like arms to hang loosely over the edge of his seat.

    出自:D. Lodge
  • Boys..clap their female joints In stiff unwieldy arms.

    出自:Richard II,Shakespeare
  • Enough swords, pistols, partisans, cross-bows, and blunderbusses to arm a whole irregular regiment.

    出自:G. K. Chesterton
  • Armed themselves, fought and won battles against their hostile neighbours.

    出自:P. Gallico

arm的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. keep at arm's length属于习语,有时指“避免同……亲近”。

    The mother kept her baby at arm's length, thinking that he might try to kiss her.
    值得注意的是arm's前不加an。

  2. at arm's length指“伸臂可达之处”,单用时,也不加an。

    He held the picture at arm's length to show it to me.
    他把照片举在一臂之远的地方给我看。

n.(名词)
  1. arm用作名词的基本意思是“臂”,多指人的手臂、胳膊,也可指动物的前肢,亦喻指各种状似手臂的东西。
  2. arm的复数形式arms,指“武器(尤指枪支)”。用于比喻时可指“权力”,也可指“兵种”,此时既不能带不定冠词,也不能为数词所修饰。用作定语时亦然。
  3. arms可用在另一名词前作修饰语。
  4. chance one's arm的意思是“冒险,做冒险的事”; give one's right arm的意思是“付出极大代价”。
  5. 一般把arm(臂)和arms(武器)作为同形异义的词对待。
v.(动词)
  1. arm用作动词的基本意思是“把…武装起来”,可以表示“提供”“配备”“支持”,也可以表示“以(武器)装备”。就目的而言可仅指为加强力量或安全做准备而提供,也可指为有效行为或作战而准备进攻或防御的装备。arm引申还可指精神上、道德上或身体上的准备。
  2. arm可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,以被武装的对象作宾语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
arms, weapon
这两个词的共同意思是“武器”。其区别是:
arms常用作复数形式,指专为战争而制造的兵器,如枪、炮,尤指士兵个人使用的具体的武器; weapon可用作单数形式或复数形式,指各种可用于进攻或防御的东西,如石块、木棍、枪炮、原子弹,也可用于借喻。例如:
  • The soldiers have enough arms.
  • 士兵有足够的武器。
  • Guns and swords are weapons.
  • 枪炮和刀剑都是武器。
  • He used the pen as his weapon.
  • 他以笔作武器。
  • 眼泪是女人的武器吗?
  • [误] Are tears woman's arms?
  • [正] Are tears woman's weapon?
with open arms, with open hands
with open arms的意思是“热情地”, with open hands则是“花钱大手大脚地”的意思。例如:
We welcomed these foreign guests with open arms.我们热情地欢迎这些外宾。
Susan spends her money with open hands.苏珊花钱大手大脚。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 抱着孩子的那个妇女是我的姨妈。

    The woman who is carrying a child with her arms is my aunt.

    The woman who is carrying a child in her arms is my aunt.

    “抱着…”应说carry...in one's arms,其中介词不能用with,因为这里表示的是状态,而不是用某种工具。

  2. 有人给这些士兵提供美式武器。

    These soldiers were provided with American arm.

    These soldiers were provided with American arms.

    arms作“武器”讲时,总是以复数形式出现,不能用作单数。

  3. 他抓住了我的胳膊。

    He took me by my arm.

    He took my arm.

    He took me by the arm.

    抓住某人身体的某部位用句型“take sb by the+ n. (被抓的部位)”或“take sb's+ n. ”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古法语的rames;最初源自拉丁语的rama,意为武器。

arm的相关资料:

正版词典

arm : 贫 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
arm : 人工 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
arm : 臂,(椅子的 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • armed adj. 武装(到某种程度)的

缩略词

arm的相关缩略词,共有132

互动百科

  • arm:ARM ARM 即Advanced RISC Machines的缩写,既可以认为是一个公司的名字,也可以认为是对一类微处理器的通称,还可以认为是一种技术的名字。1985年4月26日,第一个ARM原型…

临近单词

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