grow

  基本词汇  
[ɡrəʊ]     [ɡroʊ]    
  • v.增加;生长;变成;种植;逐渐开始
growingly grower grew grown growing grows
new

grow是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 发育,生长,成长,长大,茁长;使生长
  2. 增加,使增长
  3. 形成,产生,出现
  4. 种植,栽
  5. 渐渐变得
  6. 发芽
  7. 培育,栽培,培养
  8. 使发展;变强,增强
  9. 扩大,增大,扩展
  10. 逐渐开始
  11. 提升品质
  12. 培养技能
  13. 留长,蓄长
  14. 萌发
  15. 养,饲养(家畜)
  16. 使长满

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 种植 cause or allow sth to grow
  2. vi. 生长,发育 increase in size by natural development
  3. vi. 渐渐变得 become too big or too old for

行业释义

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grow : 生长, 成长 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
grow : 生长, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become;

    "The weather turned nasty"
    "She grew angry"

  2. become larger, greater, or bigger; expand or gain;

    "The problem grew too large for me"
    "Her business grew fast"

  3. increase in size by natural process;

    "Corn doesn't grow here"
    "In these forests, mushrooms grow under the trees"
    "her hair doesn't grow much anymore"

  4. cause to grow or develop;

    "He grows vegetables in his backyard"

  5. develop and reach maturity; undergo maturation;

    "He matured fast"
    "The child grew fast"

  6. come into existence; take on form or shape;

    "A new religious movement originated in that country"
    "a love that sprang up from friendship"
    "the idea for the book grew out of a short story"
    "An interesting phenomenon uprose"

  7. cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques;

    "The Bordeaux region produces great red wines"
    "They produce good ham in Parma"
    "We grow wheat here"
    "We raise hogs here"

  8. come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes);

    "He grew a beard"
    "The patient developed abdominal pains"
    "I got funny spots all over my body"
    "Well-developed breasts"

  9. grow emotionally or mature;

    "The child developed beautifully in her new kindergarten"
    "When he spent a summer at camp, the boy grew noticeably and no longer showed some of his old adolescent behavior"

  10. become attached by or as if by the process of growth;

    "The tree trunks had grown together"

grow的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. How tall you've grown!
    你都长这麽高了!
  2. She is growing into a beautiful young woman.
    她渐渐出落成美丽的姑娘。
  3. This district used to grow cotton on a large scale.
    这个地区过去大量种棉花。
  4. She has a hot temper, but you will soon grow to like her.
    她脾气躁,但不久你就会喜欢她了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Babies grow very quickly.
    小孩长得很快。
  2. You have grown since I saw you last.
    自从我上次见到你后,你长大了。
  3. How tall you've grown!
    你长得真高啊!
  4. Grass grows after rain.
    雨后草长。
  5. This kind of grass grows apace.
    这种草长得很快。
  6. Plants can't grow without water.
    没有水植物不能生长。
  7. The storm is growing.
    暴风雨越来越大。
  8. The number of colleges has grown after the war.
    战后学院的数量有所增加。
  9. The production is growing rapidly.
    生产在迅速发展。
  10. The company has grown rapidly in the last five years.
    公司近5年来迅速地发展壮大。
  11. The business grew apace last year in these hard times.
    在此萧条时期,去年的营业额迅速增长。
S+~+to- v
  1. One grows to like what one is accustomed to.
    人渐渐会习惯所熟悉的事物。
  2. He will grow to like this work eventually.
    他迟早会喜欢这个工作的。
  3. She is growing to be like her mother.
    她越长越像她母亲。
用作系动词 S+~+ n.
  1. I speculated how it would look when the youth grew a man.
    我在想,这小伙子长大后将是什么样子。
S+~+ adj.
  1. It is growing warm.
    天气渐渐暖和起来。
  2. As its population grows larger, the world seems to grow smaller.
    随着人口的增多,世界似乎在逐渐变小。
  3. His hand grew numb with cold.
    他的手冻僵了。
  4. More and more people grew ill.
    越来越多的人病倒了。
  5. Truth never grows old.
    真理永远不会过时。
  6. Here Hercules grew impatient, and gave a great shrug of his shoulders.
    这时候,海格立斯感到不耐烦,耸了耸肩膀。
  7. You will grow wiser by experience.
    你有了经验就会更聪明些。
  8. We've grown accustomed to herding sheep.
    我们放羊已经习惯了。
  9. My friendship with them grew considerable.
    我与他们之间的友谊大增。
  10. The noise grew louder.
    吵闹声越来越响了。
  11. The sound of the music grew faint as the band marched away.
    音乐声随着乐队走远而渐渐减弱了。
  12. They grew excited but a little frightened.
    他们激动起来了,却又有点害怕。
  13. The child grows frightened at the sight.
    这孩子看了这景象惶恐起来。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Farmers grow rice.
    农夫种稻子。
  2. We grow wheat here.
    我们这里种有小麦。
  3. We grew more cotton this year.
    今年我们多种了一些棉花。
  4. Is the coastal plain good for growing crops?
    沿海的平原适合种庄稼吗?
  5. If your land had been fertile, you could have grown tobacco.
    如果土壤肥沃,你可能已经种上烟草了。
  6. Why did you grow a beard?
    你为什么留胡子?
  7. Snake can grow a new skin.
    蛇能长出新皮。
  8. Plants grow roots.
    植物长根。
  9. The pond grows fish.
    这个池塘养鱼。
  10. He has grown a bad habit of biting his finger nails.
    他养成了咬指甲的坏习惯。
  11. 用于be ~ed结构
  12. Corn is grown in both North and South China.
    中国南方和北方都种玉米。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + n./adj.
  1. The farmer has grown the seed a big tree.
    这个农民种下的种子长成了大树。
  2. She's grown her hair long.
    她的头发留得很长。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. The couple have two grown sons and a granddaughter.
    这对夫妇有两个已成年的儿子和一个孙女。
  2. This is all locally grown produce.
    这都是本地农产品。
v -ing as Attrib.
  1. Growing children need lots of food.
    发育中的儿童需要许多食物。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
grow apart( v.+adv. )
  1. 向不同的方向生长 grow in different directions

    The two halves of the main branch have grown apart. 主枝的左右两半各向不同的方向生长。

  2. 产生隔阂 become separate in thought

    As we travelled together, we started to grow apart. 我们在一起旅行的时候,互相之间产生了隔阂。

    After only a few years of marriage,Jim and Mary began to grow apart, and their friends feared they might separate. 吉姆和玛丽刚结婚几年就离心离德,他们的朋友担心他们会分手。

grow away from( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 grow away from通常不用于被动结构。 grow away from sb/sth
  2. 从…长向不同方向 grow in different directions from somewhere

    The biggest branch has grown away from the trunk in a strange twisted shape. 那根最大的树枝开始向一边延伸,长得奇形怪状。

    The vine has begun to grow away from the wall. 葡萄藤已开始伸向墙外了。

  3. 同…渐渐疏远 become independent of; cease to have a close relationship

    She's grown away from the family. 她与家人的关系疏远了。

    He has grown away from his old friends. 他已经和老朋友们疏远了。

    When I went back to the town,I found that I had grown away from all my old friends and had become a completely different person. 我回城后发现与老朋友已经疏远了,变成了一个完全不同的人。

    It's natural for children to grow away from their family. 孩子们长大以后独立于家庭是很自然的事。

grow back( v.+adv. )
  1. 重新长出 grow again grow back

    All her hair was burned off in the fire, but the doctors have promised that it will soon grow back.她的头发在大火中烧掉了,但医生保证她的头发还会长起来。

    Don't worry about cutting the rose bushes severely, they always grow back, stronger and healthier than ever.不必担心把玫瑰花丛剪得太厉害,花丛还会长起来的,而且会更加茂盛。

grow down( v.+adv. )
  1. 向下长 grow towards downward

    The root grows down. 根向下长。

    Even if you plant the seed upside down, the roots will still grow down. 即使你把种子倒过来种,根须还是往下长。

  2. 变短,减少 become shorter

    The candle grew down until only an inch was left. 蜡烛越烧越短,最后只剩下一英寸。

    Profits over the years grew down. 这些年的利润减少了。

grow from( v.+prep. )
  1. 从…长出,从…发展而来 start from somewhere or to develop from sth grow from sth/v-ing

    Plants grow from seed.植物由种子长成。

    Some plants grow from seed and some from cuttings.有的植物从种子发芽生长,有的是从插枝成长起来。

    This strange little tree grew from a nut that I planted in the garden.这棵奇异的小树是从我种在花园里的一颗坚果长出来的。

    Most international firms have grown from small family businesses.多数跨国公司是从小的家族企业发展起来的。

    The idea grew from a remark made unthinkingly by the chairman.这个主意起始于主席无意间说的一句话。

    The singer's interest in music grew from listening to the radio, long before she ever went to a concert.这位歌手早在没听过音乐会之前听广播时就萌发了对音乐的兴趣。

    grow sth from sth

    Children enjoy growing flowers from seed.孩子们喜欢用花籽种植花卉。

grow in1( v.+adv. )
  1. 向里长 become bigger or longer in an inward direction

    Your toenails are very long, you ought to cut them before they start growing in, or you could be in a lot of pain. 你的脚趾甲太长了,应该剪掉,不然趾甲会往里长,给你造成很大的痛苦。

    The creeper is growing in towards the gutter, and should be cleared away. 蔓草往沟里生长,应该除掉。

  2. 重新长出 grow again

    The plants are growing in again, despite the drought. 尽管干旱,植物又长出来了。

    He's been bald-headed for many years, but his hair is beginning to grow in. 他秃顶多年,但又开始长头发了。

grow in2( v.+prep. )
  1. 在…中长大 become bigger in sth grow in sth

    Rice does not grow in a cold climate.水稻在寒冷的气候下不能生长。

    I don't think that such a large plant will grow in such a small pot.我认为,这么大的一棵植物不能在这么小的花盆中生长。

    grow sth in sth

    You must grow these tropical flowers in a glasshouse.你必须把这些热带花卉种在温室里。

  2. 在…方面提高,增高 develop with regard to a quality grow in sth

    She has grown in stature but not in wisdom.她长了个儿,但没长智慧。

    We are pleased to report that the club membership is growing in quality, if not in quantity!我们高兴地报告,即使俱乐部成员的数量未增加,但素质却在提高。

grow into( v.+prep. )
  1. 伸入…之中 push into

    The fence posts took root and grew into the earth! 篱笆生了根,长在了地里。

    The old tree has grown into the wall of the building. 这棵老树长进了建筑物的墙中。

  2. 逐渐适应,变得适合 grow so as to fit sth

    She is a good actress, but still needs time to grow into the part she is playing. 她是一位优秀的演员,不过还需要时间来适应她所演的角色。

    You need time to grow into a new job. 适应一项新工作需要时间。

    The coat is too big for him now, but he will grow into it. 这件上衣他现在穿太大了,不过有一天他会长得穿起来合身的。

  3. 成长为… become as sth

    We did not meet again for ten years, by then, the rather puny boy had grown into a six-foot man, weighing 200 pounds. 我们有10年没有见面了,本来是一个小不点的男孩子,现在已长成6英尺高200磅重的大个儿了。

    Steve has grown into a fine young man. 史蒂夫已长成一个英俊的少年。

    The small shop grew into a large firm. 那个小店发展成为一家大公司。

grow on〔upon〕( v.+prep. )
  1. 适合在…生长 have sth natural as its place for growth

    Melons grow on vines. 瓜长在藤上。

    I used to think that this sweet tropical fruit grew on a bush, but later learned that in fact it grows upon the ground. 我原以为这种甘美的热带水果长在树上,后来才知道,它实际是长在地里的。

  2. 引起…的喜爱 give more pleasure to sb

    I didn't like this painting at first, but it's beginning to grow on me. 起初,我并不喜欢这幅画,可是现在我开始喜欢了。

    I don't think much of your new record, but I suppose it will grow on me. 我没觉得你的新唱片有多好,但我想我会逐渐喜欢的。

    His music is difficult to listen to, but after a while it starts to grow on you. 他的音乐初听起来并不悦耳,但过了一阵儿你就会喜欢的。

    She grows upon you when you get used to her. 等你跟她相处惯了,你就会喜欢她。

    Football grew upon him as he grew older. 随着年龄的增长,他对足球的兴趣越来越浓。

  3. 成为…的习惯 become habitual to sb

    Saving regularly soon grows on you. 经常节省,很快就会形成习惯。

    Be careful, a bad habit like that can grow upon a person. 当心,你会染上那样的坏习惯。

grow out( v.+adv. )
  1. 长出 become bigger in an outward direction grow out

    The plant is alive after all! There are new leaves growing out.这棵植物终归没死!它又长出了新叶。

grow out of( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 产生自…,从…发展 grow from sth; develop from sth

    The book grew out of a series of lectures. 这部书是由一系列讲义汇集整理而成的。

    The mistake grew out of his carelessness. 错误是因他的粗心大意而产生的。

    My troubles grew out of my bad temper. 我的烦恼是因我的坏脾气而产生的。

    There is a new trunk growing out of the fallen dead tree. 那棵倒下的枯树中长出一棵新树干。

    Her sympathy grew out of understanding. 她的同情是由于理解产生的。

  2. 渐渐穿不上,长得太大以至… grow too large to fit sth

    When I grew out of my cloth,I gave it to my little brother. 我长得穿不进自己的衣服,便把它给我弟弟了。

    There is no sense in buying expensive clothes for children, as they soon grow out of them. 给孩子们购买昂贵的衣服没有什么意思,因为他们很快长大就穿不进去了。

  3. 停止,戒除 stop sth

    The boy has grown out of these toys. 这个男孩已长大了,不再需要这些玩具了。

    He has grown out of the bad habits of his boyhood days. 他已长大了,戒除了儿时的不良习惯。

    He is growing out of his habit of smoking. 他正戒除抽烟的习惯。

grow over( v.+prep. )
  1. 覆盖… cover sth grow over sth

    Climbing plants had grown over the walls, giving the building an appearance much more ancient than it was.攀缘植物爬满了墙壁,使这座建筑物显得更加古老。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    When we returned from our holidays after only three weeks, the whole garden was grown over with strong plants with wide leaves and long roots.我们只在外面度了三周假,整个花园便长满了一种叶很宽,根很长的植物。

    grow sth over sth

    The wound left a nasty mark on his face, so he grew beard over it to hide it.他脸部受伤后落下一块难看的伤疤,所以他留起胡须把它遮住。

grow together( v.+adv. )
  1. 集中在一起生长 grow in places very near to another grow together

    The two trees have grown together to form a double trunk.这两棵树已长合在一起,成了一棵连理树。

    These two bushes can grow together, they like the same kind of soil.这两种灌木可种植在一起,它们适于同一类土壤。

    As the population spread, the two towns grew together, making one large place.随着人口分布的扩展,这两个城镇连成一片,成了一个大地方。

    grow sth ⇔ together

    Farmers don't usually grow crops and flowers together.农民通常不把庄稼和花草种在一起。

  2. 形成更紧密的联系 become larger in such a way as to become joined grow together

    We were not always such close friends, but have grown together during these difficult times.我们过去可不是这么亲密的朋友,我们的关系是在艰难的岁月中才变得亲密起来的。

grow up( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 grow up可表示结果,也可表示过程。
  2. 向上生长 become bigger in an upward direction grow up

    All plants like to grow up towards the sunlight.所有的植物都喜欢朝着阳光向上长。

  3. 长大,成熟 become older grow up

    She has nearly grown up and must soon be looking after herself.她已经长大了,不久就要自己照顾自己了。

    What do you want to be when you grow up?你长大以后想做什么?

    Tom wants to be a coach when he grows up.汤姆长大了以后想当教练。

    Jane grows up so fast,I think she's going to be a tall woman.简长得真快,我想她一定能长成一个高个子姑娘。

    Stop acting like a child with your bad temper! Do grow up.别耍小孩子脾气了!快成熟点吧。

    grow up adj./v-ing/v-ed

    We do not wish her to grow up dumb like the average doll.我们不希望她变得外表美丽而头脑简单。

    Tom had grown up accepting his father's choice.汤姆变得能够接受他父亲的选择了。

    They have grown up surrounded by reminders of their terrible past.他们慢慢地被可怕的过去所困扰。

  4. 出现 arise grow up

    A new town has grown up in this industrial district.在这个工业区里出现了一个新的城镇。

    As time went on, a genuine friendship grew up between them.随着时间的流逝,他们之间产生了真诚的友谊。

    A custom grew up of dividing the father's land between the sons.一种儿子们分老子田产的习俗出现了。

    A hostile feeling grew up in the community.这个社区滋长了一种敌对情绪。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The garden could be begun.., and grow with the membership of the community.

    出自:I. Murdoch

grow的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. grow的基本意思有三:一是“种植”,指培植树木、庄稼等; 二是“生长,发育”,指由于自然地发展而变大或成熟; 三是“渐渐变得”,引申可指“形成”。总起来说,指由小变大、由少变多,强调渐变的过程。
  2. grow作“种植”解时是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语,也可接以名词或形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. grow作“生长”“发育”解时是不及物动词,其后接介词或副词表示各种附加意义。
  4. grow作“渐渐变成”解时是不及物动词,其后常接动词不定式作状语,表示结果。有时也可用作系动词,后接名词、形容词(多为比较级)或相当于形容词的过去分词作表语。
  5. grow的过去分词grown和现在分词growing都可用作形容词,在句中作定语。
  6. grow old together相当于“白头到老”,但妇女用此词时则可带贬义,表示对家庭或生活的不满,译作“老死相伴”。例如:The wife and the husband grow old together.这对夫妻恩恩爱爱,白头到老。Marry you and grow old together.嫁给你,和你老死相伴。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
grow, become, come, go, turn
这组词均可用作系动词,表示“变成”。其区别是:
1.come多指向好的方向转变; go往往指向坏的方面转变; become指向好的(也可指向坏的)方面发展, turn是正式用语,指向好的,也指向坏的方面转变。试比较:
  • When did that style of dress come into fashion?
  • 那种式样的衣服是什么时候时兴的?
  • When did that style of dress go out of fashion?
  • 那种式样的衣服是什么时候不时兴的?
2.come的主语往往是人; become的主语可以是人或物; 而go的主语多是物。
3.come的表语通常是形容词; become的表语可以是形容词、代词或名词(须加不定冠词); go和grow的表语为形容词; turn的表语可以是形容词或名词(不加不定冠词)。
grow, boost, elevate, enhance, exalt, highten, hoist, lift, raise
参见raise条。
grow up, bring up, raise, rear
这组词(组)都有“抚养、饲养”的意思。其区别在于:
1.raise是非正式用语,英式英语中指“养动植物”,美式英语中指“抚养人”。
2.rear在英式英语中指“抚养人”,在美式英语中指“养动植物”,既指“从小养到大”,也指“教养”,是正式用语。例如:
The mother reared her children wisely.那位母亲很会教养自己的孩子。
We reared our children to help others.我们教育子女要乐于助人。
She likes rearing birds.她喜欢养鸟。
He used to rear pigs.他以前养猪。
3.bring up是动词短语,作“抚养”解时无语体之分,侧重于童年时期的“精心教养”。例如:
The woman brought up four children alone .那个妇女独自养育了四个孩子。
He was brought up to believe that money is the most important thing in life.他所受的教养使他相信,金钱是生活中最重要的东西。
4.grow up的意思是“成长”,侧重于“达到成熟阶段”。例如:
This bush has grown up a lot in the last few months.这矮树丛几个月来已向上长高了很多。
Jane is growing up so fast,I think she's going to be a tall woman.简长得真快,我想她一定能长成一个高挑儿的姑娘。
Stop acting like a child with your bad temper! Do grow up.别耍小孩子脾气了!快成熟点吧。
下面两句意思不同:
  • In time you will grow to like him.
  • 以后,你会慢慢喜欢他的。
  • In time you will grow to be like him.
  • 到后来,你会慢慢像他那样的。
下面各句意思相同:
  • The girl has grown (up) a beautiful young lady.
  • The girl has grown (up) into a beautiful young lady.
  • The girl has grown to be a beautiful young lady.
  • 这个女孩已经长成了一位年轻漂亮的 女子。
become get grow turn go come
这些动词均可表示“变成,成为”之意。
  • become:become最普通用词,作为连系动词,指从一个状态向另一个状态的变化。
  • get:get常指某人或某物有意无意地获得引起变化的因素,结果使变成另一状态。
  • grow:grow常指逐渐地变成新状态,强调渐变的过程。
  • turn:turn侧重指变得与原来截然不同,有时含贬义。
  • go:go作为连系动词,通常与形容词连用,指进入某种状态,从而发生变化,多指不好的状态。
  • come:come侧重变化的经过或过程,多用于不良情况。
sow plant grow
这一组动词都与种植有关。
  • sow:sow意为“播、撒、播种、种”,其后跟(the)seeds或“植物(结成种状的)”。
  • 现在该种小麦了。
  • It’s time to sow wheat now.
  • 请不要撒下仇恨的种子。
  • Don’t sow the seeds of hatred.
  • plant:plant意为“栽、插、移植”,其后跟作物(多为苗状的)。
  • 他在那个村子里插秧的速度最快。
  • He plants rice fastest in the village.
  • 园子里栽上了月季。
  • The garden was planted with Chinese roses.
  • grow:grow作及物动词时,意为“种植、培植”,后接宾语(不表明种状还是苗状,强调种植后的栽培及管理过程);作不及物动词时,意为“生长、发育”;作系动词时,意为“变得”。
  • 他们只能在地里种土豆。
  • They can only grow potatoes in the fields.
  • 它长得又直又细。
  • It grows up straight and thin.
  • 天渐渐黑了。
  • It began to grow dark.

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 越来越小。

    It grows smaller and smaller.

    It becomes smaller and smaller.

    grow表示“变得”这一概念时,表示“由小增大”或“由少增多”,不能表示“减小”或“减少”,表示“减小”“减少”须用become。

  2. 他是在乡下长大的。

    He was grown up in the countryside.

    He grew up in the countryside.

    grow up表示“成长”时是不及物动词短语,不能用于被动结构。

  3. 她在屋后种了些蔬菜。

    She plants vegetables behind her house.

    She grows vegetables behind her house.

    grow和plant都有“种植”的意思,但grow多用于种植粮食、蔬菜、经济作物等,而plant多用于“植树”。

  4. 他越想越生气。

    The more he thought about it, the more angrily he grew.

    The more he thought about it, the angrier he grew.

    grow表示“变得”时是系动词,后接形容词作表语,而不能接副词。

  5. 约翰的坏脾气导致了他现在的不幸境地。

    John's present unfortunate position grew from his bad temper.

    John's present unfortunate position grew out of his bad temper.

  6. 争执常常是由误会引起的。

    Arguments often grow from misunderstanding.

    Arguments often grow out of misunderstanding.

    grow from表示“从…长大”“由…发展”,主语和介词宾语是属于同一范畴、同一属性的东西。而grow后面跟复合介词结构out of意为“由…产生”,主语和介词宾语不一定是同一范畴或同一属性的东西。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自中古英语的groewn;最初源自古英语的growan,意为生长,生成。

grow的相关资料:

正版词典

grow : 生长;发育 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • grow:名词解释 growvi.1. 成长,生长;发育She has grown into a beautiful young lady.她长成一位年轻漂亮的女子。2. 增大,增加;发展John's rep…

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