- [C]最后部分,末尾 the last section
- [C]端,尽头,梢 the point at which sth stops or after which it no longer exists
- [C][U]终止,结局 stop, termination
- [U][C]〈正〉结果,目标,目的 an aim or purpose
- [S]死去 a person's death
- vt. & vi. 结束; 终止 come to an end; reach an end
- either extremity of something that has length;
"the end of the pier"
"she knotted the end of the thread"
"they rode to the end of the line"
"the terminals of the anterior arches of the fornix"
- the point in time at which something ends;
"the end of the year"
"the ending of warranty period"
- the concluding parts of an event or occurrence;
"the end was exciting"
"I had to miss the last of the movie"
- the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it;
"the ends justify the means"
- a final part or section;
"we have given it at the end of the section since it involves the calculus"
"Start at the beginning and go on until you come to the end"
- a final state;
"he came to a bad end"
"the so-called glorious experiment came to an inglorious end"
- the surface at either extremity of a three-dimensional object;
"one end of the box was marked `This side up'"
- (football) the person who plays at one end of the line of scrimmage;
"the end managed to hold onto the pass"
- a boundary marking the extremities of something;
"the end of town"
- one of two places from which people are communicating to each other;
"the phone rang at the other end"
"both ends wrote at the same time"
- the part you are expected to play;
"he held up his end"
- the last section of a communication;
"in conclusion I want to say..."
- a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold
- (American football) a position on the line of scrimmage;
"no one wanted to play end"
- have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical;
"the bronchioles terminate in a capillary bed"
"Your rights stop where you infringe upon the rights of other"
"My property ends by the bushes"
"The symphony ends in a pianissimo"
- bring to an end or halt;
"She ended their friendship when she found out that he had once been convicted of a crime"
"The attack on Poland terminated the relatively peaceful period after WW I"
- be the end of; be the last or concluding part of;
"This sad scene ended the movie"
- put an end to;
"The terrible news ended our hopes that he had survived"
- The battle finally brought the war to an end.
- At the end of the film, the hero wept bitterly.
- He makes a knot in the end of the string.
- He could have achieved his ends by peaceful means.
- He came to an untimely end by accident.
- We need someone to handle the marketing end of the business.
- Jean is going to meet me at the other end.
- I answered the phone but there was no one at the other end.
- The teams changed ends at half-time.
- He came to an untimely end.
- He met his end at the Battle of Waterloo.
- The debate ended in uproar.
- They ended the party off with a song.
Don't give away the end of the story.
The story has a happy end.
The two ministers did not close with each other until near the end of the meeting.
Every club member must pay up his membership money before the end of the season.
She reached the end of endurance.
The date for the delivering of the lecture has been advanced to the end of the month.
Come on. It isn't the end of the world.
The pointed end of the stick pierced through its throat into its mouth.
Gather the ends of the wool together and tie them in a knot.
The fore end tube plate of the condenser has cracked beyond repair.
When the end of the pipe was opened, the water flew in.
The end of cloth is enough for a dress.
He had prayed constantly to Allah for an end to this time of horror.
They have decreeded an end to all this fighting.
The two opposing armies fought through to the end.
We must fight on until the end.
Do the ends justify the means?
That face called up in his mind the image of his end wife.
My partner looks after the advertising end.
Look at your dirty hands—you really the end!
I'm arriving on Monday, could you make hotel arrangements at your end?
I suppose the hotel has a shop where I can get odds and ends.
That girl is just about the end of me.
The road ends here.
When the meeting ended,I began to chat with some of the members.
Soon the third stage of the war ended and the fourth stage began.
But the movement of knowledge does not end here.
How does the story end?
Everything ended happily.
All is well that ends well.
The Congress ended its first session on January 4.
Something must be done to end the strike.
Let's end our quarrel.
A band ended the parade.
I hoped that this might end my suffering.
Drinking hard ended him.
用于be ～ed 结构
The strike was ended.
- at the end
在…的末尾 the point at which sth stops or after which it no longer exists at the end
Owing to a long delay on the journey, he did not arrive until the meeting was at the end.由于旅途耽搁时间很长,直到会议结束他才赶到。
He went on spending lavishly until his money was at the end.他继续挥霍无度,直到把钱用光为止。at the end of sth
Many citizens in Beijing got back their stolen bicycles at the end of last year.去年年底北京的许多市民领回了被盗的自行车。
At the end of three years, my son hopes to qualify as a lawyer.三年后,我儿子希望能获得律师的资格。
Polly is due to pass out from training college at the end of July.波利7月底将从训练学院毕业。
At the end of a month the club leader had the unruly youths eating out of his hand.过了一个月,俱乐部领导人把几个难管的青年搞得服服帖帖。
I am going to charge a new dress, and pay for it at the end of the month.我要去买一件新衣服,记在账上,月底付款。
He cast up his accounts at the end of each day.每天结束时,他都结一次账。
Give in your work at the end of the class.下课时把作业交上来。
Some countries, partitioned at the end of World War II, remain to be reunified.二战末期被分隔的某些国家有待恢复统一。
The young singer was pleasantly surprised when waves of cheering broke over her at the end of her first performance.那位年轻歌手首场演出结束时,台下响起了如雷鸣般的喝彩声,使她又惊又喜。
At the end of the trip we reclaimed our luggage.旅行结束时,我们取回了行李。
The hired hands were paid off at the end of the harvest season收割一结束,雇工们就被结清工钱解雇了。
There's room at the end of the garage to fit up a workbench.车库那边有空地方可以安置一个工作台。
The state started to construct a modern fishing harbour at the southern end of the bay.在海湾的南端,国家动土修建一个现代化渔港。
At the end of the row, bind off seven stitches.最后一行要收七针。
- 在…的末尾 the point at which sth stops or after which it no longer exists at the end
- at the other end of the line
幕后 really controlling sth
I reasoned that somebody important must have been at the other end of the line. 我揣摩着这件事的背后必定有重要人物在指挥。
- 幕后 really controlling sth
- be at an end
I must warn you that my patience is almost at an end. 我必须警告你我已经没有耐心了。
- 完毕 finished
- be at dead end
无法进展下去 can't progress
His research was at a dead end. 他的研究无法进行下去。
- 无法进展下去 can't progress
- be at one's wit's end
无法可想 have no better idea
I was at my wit's end to find the money to pay the rent. 我是没有办法挣钱来付这租金。
- 无法可想 have no better idea
- by the end of
到…为止 the point at which sth stops
They hoped to achieve their aims by the end of the year. 他们希望在年底前实现他们的目标。
We aim for the completion of the task by the end of the year. 我们的最终目的是最迟年底完成这项工作。
The bridge was completed by the end of 1994. 这座桥是在1994年底建成的。
By the end of a year the little seed and grain shop had developed its trade considerably. 到年底,那个卖种子和粮食小店的生意有了相当大的发展。
They had achieved their plan by the end of last month. 他们到上月底就已经完成了计划。
We presume to get in all the crops by the end of this month. 我们拟定在月底收完庄稼。
- 到…为止 the point at which sth stops
- end for end
Please turn the lamp end for end. 请把灯转个向。
The box turned end for end as it fell, and everything spilled out. 箱子落下来时翻过来了,所有的东西都倒了出来。
- 反过来,调过去 return
- end to end
首尾相连地 with the points or the narrow sides touching each other
The forms were placed end to end. 上下的表格是头尾相接的。
We can provide seats for ten people if we put these two tables end to end. 要是把两张桌子排在一起,我们就可以有十个座位了。
- 首尾相连地 with the points or the narrow sides touching each other
- in the end
In the end he chose the path of revolution. 他终于选择了革命的道路。
In the end the long hours of work, combined with domestic worries, got him down. 结果长时间的工作加上家事烦恼使他闷闷不乐。
He'll get you in the end. 他最终会打败你的。
He failed so many times that in the end he gave up hope. 他失败的次数太多了,以致他终于放弃了希望。
That made him protest still further but in the end he gave in. 这使得他更加抗议起来,但最终还是屈服了。
You may suffer at first, but you will gain in the end. 开头你可能要受点苦,但是终究会得到好处的。
- 最后,结果 finally
- make ends meet
使收支相抵get just enough money for all one's needs
She scarcely earns enough money to make ends meet. 她几乎挣不到足够的钱以维持开支。
- 使收支相抵get just enough money for all one's needs
- towards the end (of)
Towards the end of the year he caught scarlet fever. 快到年底时他染上了猩红热。
Towards the end of the speech some members of the audience began to edge towards the door. 接近演讲尾声时,一部分观众开始慢慢向门口移动。
- 接近…末尾 end
- end by (v.+prep.)
以…方式结束 finish by way of end by v-ing
He will end by marrying her.他最终要娶她为妻。
He ended by remarking that he would come back soon.他最后说他很快就会回来的。
- 以…方式结束 finish by way of end by v-ing
- end in (v.+prep.)
以…结尾; 结果是 have as its concluding position; have as a result in end in sb/sth
This street ends in the Children's Palace.这条街的尽头是少年宫。
The rope ended in a knot.绳子的一端打了一个结。
The word ends in a consonant.该词以辅音结尾。
The strike ended in victory.罢工最后取得了胜利。
The match ended in a win for us.比赛以我们获胜而告终。
After full 12 months the Long March ended in triumph.经过了整整12个月,长征胜利结束了。
A people's just war is bound to end in victory.人民的正义战争最后一定会胜利。
Their struggle over prices finally ended in a satisfactory settlement.他们关于价格的斗争最后得到令人满意的解决。
The election ended in the defeat of the Government.这次选举以政府失败而告终。
The women's matches ended in a draw.女子比赛打成了平局。
Their first meeting ended in disagreement.第一次会议没达成协议。
Their marriage ended in divorce.他们的婚姻以离异告终。
It will end in a great financial loss to us.它将造成我们经济上的巨大损失。
We discussed the affair for two hours, but it all ended in talk.我们对这件事讨论了两个小时,但结果只是空谈而已。
The incident ended in a laugh.这件事最后一笑了之。
If you drive as recklessly as that, you'll end in hospital.要是你开车老是那样鲁莽,总有一天要住进医院。
The enemy's dream ended in smoke.敌人的梦想破灭了。
- 以…结尾; 结果是 have as its concluding position; have as a result in end in sb/sth
- end off (v.+adv.)
结束 bring to an end; come to an end end off
Don't you think the film ends off rather suddenly?难道你不认为这部电影结束得太突然了吗?
The story ends off rather suddenly.故事结束得相当突然。end sth ⇔ off with sth
He ended off his talk with a joke.他讲了一个笑话结束谈话。
He ended off his speech with a very funny joke.他用一个十分有趣的笑话结束了讲演。
She ended off her speech with a quotation from Shakespeare.她引用一段莎士比亚的话结束了她的演讲。
The writer ended off his speech with a famous Chinese saying.作家引用一句中国名言结束了他的演讲。
We ended off the meal with coffee and brandy.我们这顿饭是以咖啡和白兰地结束的。
- 结束 bring to an end; come to an end end off
- end up (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉(以…)结束; 最终成为或变得 do sth or be somewhere as a result of a previous action; reach a final situation end up
How does the story end up?这篇故事是怎么结尾的?
With Jim driving, you never know where you're going to end up.让吉姆开车,你永远甭想知道车会开到什么鬼地方去。
The traveller took the wrong train and ended up at a country village.这位旅客上错了火车,来到了一个小村庄。
If he had really pulled the trigger,I would have ended up then and there.如果他真的扣动了扳机的话,我早就被当场打死了。end sb/sth ⇔ up
He finally ended up his speech.最后他结束了自己的讲话。
Jim, the champion, seemed to end up two to three points ahead just about every night.冠军吉姆好像每晚总是以二、三分的优势结束比赛。end up as sb/sth
In spite of the people's opinions, she ended up as the winner.尽管众说纷纭,最后她还是成了胜利者。
All those who try to falsify history are bound to end up as criminals in history.一切伪造历史的人必然会成为历史的罪人。
The general began his army life as a private soldier and ended up as ruler of his country.这位将军以当士兵开始了他的戎马生涯,最后当了国家的统治者。
Most of the white liquid running out of these trees ends up as rubber tyres.从这些树上流出来的大部分白色液体最后都变成了橡胶轮胎。end up adj.
After gaining two fortunes, he ended up poor when he died.尽管发了两次财,他死时却很穷。
Despite his efforts, he ended up unsuccessful after all.尽管他奋发努力,最后还是没成功。end up v-ing
I ended up telling him everything although I tried not to.虽然我不想说,但结果我还是把一切都告诉他了。
If you don't watch the road more carefully, you'll end up having an accident.如果你不更加留神注视着马路,你最后总要出事故的。
I never dreamed that I would end up owning such a lot of property!我连做梦都没想到我最终会拥有这么一大笔财产!
Every time she tried to argue with her husband she ended up crying her eyes out.每次她和丈夫争辩,结果总是痛哭一场。
You'll end up getting burnt if you don't keep away from the fire.如果你不避开火,到头来你会被烧伤的。
If you don't eat less you'll end up looking like a whale!如果你不少吃些,你最终会使自己看上去像一条鲸的!end up v-ed
They all ended up puzzled.最终他们都感到迷惑不解。
- 〈非正〉(以…)结束; 最终成为或变得 do sth or be somewhere as a result of a previous action; reach a final situation end up
- end up by (v.+adv.+prep.)
〈非正〉以…结束 do sth or be somewhere as a result of a previous action; reach a final situation end up by v-ing
Be careful, you could end up by getting hurt.当心,你可能最终会伤到自己的。
Such people can only end up by leaving the Party.这种人最后只有离开党完事。
- 〈非正〉以…结束 do sth or be somewhere as a result of a previous action; reach a final situation end up by v-ing
- end up in (v.+adv.+prep.)
〈非正〉以…结束do sth or be somewhere as a result of a previous action; reach a final situation end up in sth
If you go on doing that kind of thing, you'll end up in prison.你如果继续这样干,一定会落个进监牢的下场。
If they don't come to their senses, they will end up in the same grave as Hitler.他们如不醒悟,必将落得与希特勒同样的下场。
Acceptance of that view would also end up in a mess.如果接受这种看法,结果也会搞乱。
The business might end up in failure unless more care is taken with the accounts.如果不加强对账目的管理,买卖最终会垮掉。end sb ⇔ up in sth
Stop spending so fast, or you'll end us up in debt.别花钱这么冲,否则你就要叫我们背债了。
死在 die in; kill in end up in sth
The runaway prisoner ended up in a ditch.那个逃犯最后死在水沟里。
The gangster ended up in the electric chair.那个歹徒最后是在电椅上被杀死的。
- 〈非正〉以…结束do sth or be somewhere as a result of a previous action; reach a final situation end up in sth
- end up nowhere (v.+adv.+adv.)
一事无成 not do sth useful
If you don't work hard, you'll end up nowhere. 如不努力工作,你就一事无成。
What's the use of taking exams?So many people with higher degrees end up nowhere in the employment market. 参加考试有什么用?那么多有较高学位的人都找不到职业。
- 一事无成 not do sth useful
- end up with (v.+adv.+prep.)
〈非正〉以…结束have as its concluding position; have as a result with; reach a final situation end up with sth
We had a banquet, which ended up with soup.我们举行了一个宴会,最后一道上的是汤。
Jim entered the competition without much hope, not thinking he would end up with first prize!吉姆参加比赛时没抱多大希望,没想到他竟会夺冠!
In a word, the Long March ended up with victory for us and defeat for the enemy.总而言之,长征是以我们胜利、敌人失败的结果而告结束。
The party ended up with the singing of the Internationale .晚会在《国际歌》声中结束。end sth ⇔ up with sth
He ended up his letter with good wishes to the family.在信尾他祝全家好。
We ended the dinner up with fruit and coffee.我们最后吃水果喝咖啡结束了晚餐。
The students ended up their class meeting with a chorus singing.学生们以合唱结束了班会。
The correspondent ended up his report with a short poem.记者用一首短诗来结束他的报道。
Englishmen often end up their breakfast with toast and marmalade.英国人常以烤面包加果酱结束早餐。
- 〈非正〉以…结束have as its concluding position; have as a result with; reach a final situation end up with sth
- end with (v.+prep.)
以…结束 have as its concluding position end with sth/v-ing
The play ends with the hero's death.这出戏以英雄的死亡剧终。
Most of the old stories end with the lovers' marriage.大部分古老的故事是以有情人终成为眷属结束的。
Our experiment ended with success.我们的实验以成功而告终。
The meeting ended with dancing.那次会议以跳舞结束。
I should like to end with reminding members of the purpose of the club.最后我想向各位成员提醒一下本俱乐部的目的。end sth with sth
We ended our meal with a nice dessert.我们那顿饭最后吃的是美味的甜食。
He ended his talk with a quotation from Shakespeare.他引证莎士比亚的一句话结束了他的谈话。
You should end the letter with “sincerely yours.”你应在信的结尾处写上“你真挚的。”
- 以…结束 have as its concluding position end with sth/v-ing
- achieve one's end 达到目的
- bring to an end 使结束
- come to no good end 失败
- demand an end 要求终止,废除
- draw to an end 结束,完成
- fight to the end 战斗到底
- gain one's end 达到目的
- go off the deep end 冒险
- have an end 有目的
- keep one's end up 保持愉快和饱满的情绪,精神饱满地对待
- make an end 结束,终止
- meet one's end 死,送命
- put an end 结束,终止
- serve end 为目的服务
- take an end 告终
- think no end of 极端看重
- win one's end 达到目的
- chief end 主要目标
- common end 共同的目标
- happy end 愉快的结局
- opposite end 另一端
- political end 政治目的
- sad end 悲惨的结局
- same end 同一目标
- special end 特殊的目的
- successful end 圆满的结局
- after end 追求同一目标
- at the end 在末尾,完毕,结束
- at the end of one's rope 到了山穷水尽的地步
- by the end of 到…末
- for this end 为了这个目的
- from end to end 从一端到另一端,从头到尾
- from the beginning to the end 自始至终
- in the end 终于,最后,归根到底
- near sb's end 某人快死
- on end 竖着地,连续不停地
- put a box on end 把箱子竖起来
- to an end 结束,终止
- to the end that 为…起见
- end of one's rope 绳子的末端
- end of one's work 工作结束
- end of the earth 天涯海角
- end of the word 该词之末
- end of the world 天涯海角,天南地北
- end of the year 年底
- end of war 战争结束
- end to end 两头相接,衔接,不断地
- end any connection 断绝联系
- end the book 结束该书
- end the letter 结束了这封信
- end the matter 结束这件事
- end the meeting 结束会议
- end the programme 结束节目
- end the sentence 结束句子
- end the story 结束故事
- end the strike 结束罢工
- end abruptly 突然地结束
- end amicably 友好地结束
- end appropriately 合适地结束
- end badly 坏地结束
- end breathlessly 气喘吁吁地结束
- end casually 非正式地结束
- end coldly 冷淡地结束
- end completely 完全结束
- end creatively 创造性地结束
- end delightfully 愉快地结束
- end disastrously 灾难性地结束
- end dramatically 戏剧性地结束
- end eloquently 雄辩地结束
- end eventually 最终结束
- end fatally 毁灭性地结束
- end finally 最后结束
- end gradually 慢慢地结束
- end happily 愉快地结束
- end heroically 英勇地结束
- end immediately 立即结束
- end inevitably 不可避免地结束
- end laboriously 艰难地结束
- end magnificently 辉煌地结束
- end mournfully 悲哀地结束
- end nearly 将近结束
- end off 结束
- end ominously 不祥地结束
- end partially 部分结束
- end poetically 理想地结束
- end quickly 迅速结束
- end reluctantly 不情愿地结束
- end secretly 秘密地结束
- end sorrowfully 可悲地结束
- end successfully 成功地结束
- end swiftly 迅速地结束
- end tirelessly 不知疲倦地结束
- end tragically 悲剧地结束
- end ultimately 最终结束
- end unbelievably 不可思议地结束
- end unexpectedly 意外地结束
- end unsuccessfully 失败地结束
- end up 终了,结束
- end virtually 最终结束
- end well 很好地结束
- end wholly 完全结束
There was no end to the advantages.出自：J. S. Mill
That merciful deed For ever ends thy suffering.出自：Southey
- end还可作“目的”解,是可数名词,说“达到目的”时常可与accomplish, achieve, attain, compass, gain, obtain, reach, secure, win等动词连用。end作“结局”“结果”解时可加不定冠词。
- at one's end的意思是“在那里”,指说话人或对方所在地,介词at有时可省略。
- the end of sb 的意思是“令人受不了”。
- end既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词,在用作不及物动词时,常常与介词或副词构成短语; 用作及物动词时,通常接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
- end后常可接副词以加强语气。end up后可接“as+名词”、形容词、现在分词、过去分词和介词短语。
- at a loose end, at loose ends
二者的意思不同,前者的意思是“不知道干什么”,后者的意思是“凌乱”。例如:He had finished college but hadn't found a job yet, so he was at a loose end.他念完大学后没有找到工作,于是是闲着没事干。Don't put all these books at loose ends.不要把这些书摆得杂乱无章。
- at the end, in the end
这两个短语都可表示“在最后”意思。其区别在于:1.at the end多用于时间(如星期、年月、学期、季节等)或地点; 而in the end多用于某件事情,即“最后,终于,到头来”。例如:Others were planning to go at the end of the term.其他人打算学期结束时去。I hope everything will turn out all right in the end.我希望最后一切结局圆满。2.in the end可单独使用,而at the end通常须接of短语。
- bring an end to, come to an end
两组短语的意思不同:前者的意思是“使之到头”,后者的意思是“濒于结束”。例如:We must bring an end to suffering and hunger in the world. 我们必须结束世界上的苦难和饥饿。The meeting came to an end late in the afternoon.会议开到傍晚才结束。
- end on, on end
这两者意思不同,前者的意思是“结束”,后者的意思是“不间断地”“连续地”“竖着的”。例如:The book ends on 123.该书在123页结束。The book ends on a happier tone.这本书以较为愉快的调子结尾。He sat there for hours on end.他连续几个小时坐在那里。We had to stand the table on end to get it through the door.我们只能把桌子竖起来才能把它抬进门。
- in the end, at last, finally
这三者都可表示“最后”。其区别在于:1.in the end的意思是经过许多变化、困难和捉摸不定的情况之后,某事才发生。例如:We made eight different plans for our holiday, but in the end we went to Harbin again .我们定了八种不同的度假方案,但是最后我们又一次去了哈尔滨。2.at last指一个动作从发生一直延续到结束,意思是“终于”。例如:In spite of every obstacle, we arrived at last.冲破种种障碍,我们终于到达了。Her wish to be a doctor has come true at last.她想做一个医生的愿望终于实现了。She felt joyful at the prospect of seeing him at last.她为终将看到他而感到欣喜。3.finally在列举事物时可以用来引出最后一项内容,或者是直接放在动词之前, in the end和at last则不能。例如:We need to increase productivity.We need to reduce unemployment.And finally, we need to make our exports competitive on world market.我们需要提高生产力,我们需 要降低失业率; 最后我们还需要使我们的出口商品在国际市场上具有竞争力。They finally cracked the defence and scored a goal.他们终于突破了防守,射进一球。4.finally在主观上有“等了好久才…”的含义。例如:After toying it three times, we finally managed to have a holiday in Greece.经过三次延期之后,我们终于在希腊度了一次假。What by policy and (what by) force they finally liberated that town.部分用策略,部分用武力,他们终于解放了那个城镇。5.at last也在主观上有“等了好久才…”的含义,但语气上比finally强得多,且at last也可以作感叹语。例如:When at last they found him, he was almost dead.当人们终于找到他时,他快死了。At last!Where the hell have you been?总算找到你了!你到底上哪去了?
- no end, no end of
这两个短语意思不同,前者的意思是“非常”“极其”,后者的意思是“大量的”“无限的”。例如:The book of yours amused me no end.我觉得你那本书十分有趣。It caused me no end of worry.这给我带来无穷的烦恼。
- without end, to no end
两者的意思不同:前者的意思是“没完没了”,后者的意思是“毫无结果”。例如:I had trouble without end.我的麻烦没完没了。All their efforts came to no end.他们的一切努力付之东流。
- end, end up
- The delegation ended their visit to China on March 3.
- Though friends for many years, the two lawyers finally ended up enemies.
- 虽然是多年老友,这两个律师最后还 是成了冤家对头。
- end by, end with
end with的意思是“以…告终”,后接名词,而end by的意思是“以…(行动)来结束”,后接动名词。试比较:
- The book ends with a brief summary.
- He ended by agreeing as might be expected of him.
- end, accomplish, complete, conclude, finish
这组词都有“结束”“完成”的意思。它们之间的区别是:conclude是比较正式的用语,常指达成协议,作出决定后正式“结束”,如正式的会议、事物等的结束。也有达到逻辑上的结论的含义。因此常用来表示结束一篇著作、一篇演说或议论; accomplish指坚持不懈地努力完成某项计划或达到预期的目的; complete强调把未完成的东西或事情完成,有通过弥补某种欠缺使之成为完整之意; end指“停止”“结束”某一进程,但不强调是否已经圆满完成。常用来指旅行、讲演、争论、战争等结束或终止; finish强调完成自己所计划要干的或所规定的事情或动作,并含有最后加以润色,使之完美的意味。
- aim goal purpose end target object objective
- break rest pause interval recess cease stop end
- cease pause stop halt quit end
- complete finish end close conclude terminate accomplish
误 In the end of six months, Marx had learned enough to read articles in Russian.
正 At the end of six months,Marx had learned enough to read articles in Russian.
误 My son is reading for the bar, and hopes to become a lawyer in the end of next year.
正 My son is reading for the bar, and hopes to become a lawyer at the end of next year.
析 in the end后面不能接of短语,该短语的意思是“最后,终于”,相当于finally, at last。at the end of 后面可以接表示时间或地点的名词,意思是“在…末端”或“在…结尾”。
误 At the end of last year, six new hospitals were set up in the city.
正 By the end of last year, six new hospitals had been set up in the city.
误 Rose continued that she thought the work should be finished at the end of the year.
正 Rose continued that she thought the work should be finished by the end of the year.
析 说“到…末为止”,指的是一个时间段,要用by the end of。at the end of表示“在…末”,强调的是时间点。故在此句中应用by the end。
误 He finished his great works by the end of 1980.
正 He had finished his great works by the end of 1980.
析 by the end of 后接表示过去的时间作状语,句子的谓语用过去完成时; 如果其后接表示将来的时间作状语,句子的谓语用将来完成时。
误 The audience clapped as he came to the ending of his performance.
正 The audience clapped as he came to the end of his performance.
误 We must put an end of this foolish behavior.
正 We must put an end to this foolish behavior.
析 put an end to (结束,制止)中的介词to不能改成of。
误 The final end of the wire had become accidentally fused with the switch.
正 The end of the wire had become accidentally fused with the switch.
误 Carry that box of explosives carefully or we'll end up in getting killed.
正 Carry that box of explosives carefully or we'll end up by getting killed.
析 end up by 表示“最后(有某种结果)”“以…而告终”,后接动名词,表示由于做某事而陷入某种状态,要用end up in,后面常接表示地点或状态的名词。
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的edne，意为结束，总结。
- n.(名词) aim doom drift edge ending extent goal purpose tip
- v.(动词) abate abolish close conclude finish stop
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