race

  基本词汇  
[reɪs]     [reɪs]    
  • n.赛跑;竞争
  • n.人种;种族;血统
  • v.赛跑;竞赛
raced raced racing races
new

race是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 赛跑
  2. 竞赛,比赛
  3. 人种,种族;民族
  4. 门第
  5. 赛马会,赛马
  6. 种,属,类
  7. 急流
  8. 水道
  9. ...的运行
  10. 历程
  11. 赛艇
  12. 疾走
v.(动词)
  1. (使)空转,猛转
  2. (使)疾走,(使)全速行进
  3. 比速度,和…比速度
  4. (使)参加竞赛
  5. 参加赛马
  6. (使)赛跑,和...赛跑
  7. 竞走,竞赛疾走
  8. 以赛马为业
  9. 使拼命跑
  10. 努力想跑过...
  11. 为赛马输光(财产)
  12. 和...竞赛
  13. 使急走,使全速行进
  14. 快速转动,急速跳动,运转过快

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U][C]人种,种族 any of the main group into which human beings can be divided according to their physical type
  2. [C](速度)比赛,赛跑; 竞争 a competition in speed; competition
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 和…比速度; (使)参加比赛 compete in a race (against); (cause an animal or vehicle to) run a race
  2. vt. & vi. (使)快速移动 (cause to) move or go very fast; rush

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
race : 种族 ...
在 《外教社人类学英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 种族 ...
在 《外教社社会学英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 种族, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 竞赛, 水道 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 人种 ...
在 《外教社人口学英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 急流;渠道 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 种族 ...
在 《外教社人力资源英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 品种,小种 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 近岸流,急 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. any competition;

    "the race for the presidency"

  2. a contest of speed;

    "the race is to the swift"

  3. people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock;

    "some biologists doubt that there are important genetic differences between races of human beings"

  4. (biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species

  5. the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller

  6. a canal for a current of water

Verb:
  1. move fast;

    "He rushed down the hall to receive his guests"
    "The cars raced down the street"

  2. compete in a race;

    "he is running the Marathon this year"
    "let's race and see who gets there first"

  3. to work as fast as possible towards a goal, sometimes in competition with others;

    "We are racing to find a cure for AIDS"

  4. cause to move fast or to rush or race;

    "The psychologist raced the rats through a long maze"

race的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Every morning he spent two hours training for the race.
    他每天早晨花两个小时练习赛跑。
  2. The Chinese belong to the yellow race.
    中国人属于黄种人。
  3. He is against race prejudice.
    他反对种族歧视。
  4. He is a man of noble race.
    他是贵族出身。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. I'll race you to the bus stop.
    我要和你赛一赛,看谁先跑到汽车站。
  2. Eight horses will race for the cup.
    将有八匹马参赛争夺奖杯。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The various races are not sharply separated.
    各种族都不能截然分开。
  2. Race was a matter of importance to him.
    对于他来说,血统是很重要的。
  3. The students sat in at the administrative building to protest against discrimination of race.
    学生们在办公大楼静坐,抗议种族歧视。
  4. The human race is hammering at an economic problem.
    全人类都在钻研一个经济学问题。
  5. The human race and animals could have been getting along well together.
    人类与动物应可和睦相处。
  6. Which race does the plant fall under?
    这种植物应归到哪一属?
  7. Three fast runners entered the race, but Jim beat them all hollow.
    三名短跑运动员参加比赛,而吉姆把他们统统击败。
  8. He is determined to stick out the race even if he finishes last.
    他下定决心即使跑最后一名,也要坚持跑完。
  9. Bill burned himself out in the first part of the race and could not finish.
    比尔在比赛的第一赛程就耗尽了力气,结果无法跑完全程。
  10. The crowd cheered the runners on as they started on the last lap of the race.
    当运动员开始跑最后一圈时,观众为他们加油。
  11. Six students from No. 14 Middle School entered for the race.
    十四中的6个学生报名参加了赛跑。
  12. Fifty competitors have entered for the spring long-distance race.
    已经有50名选手报名参加春季长跑。
  13. We attempted a race.
    我们试图进行一次比赛。
  14. Have they announced when the race will begin?
    他们宣布比赛什么时候开始了吗?
  15. He gambled all his winning on the last race.
    他把所有赢得的钱都押在最后一场比赛上。
  16. Jim bore off most of the prizes at the races.
    吉姆获得了比赛的大部分奖项。
  17. Jim carried off most of the prizes at the races.
    吉姆夺得了比赛中的大部分奖牌。
  18. It's been billed as the race of the year.
    海报上宣传这是本年度的大赛。
  19. We thought the horse would win, but he fell behind halfway through the race.
    我们曾认为这匹马会取胜,可是他在比赛中途落后了。
  20. Eight boats entered for the race.
    有8艘船报名参加划船比赛。
  21. They gambled on the result of a race.
    他们为比赛的结果打赌。
  22. His race is nearly run.
    他的气数将尽。
  23. He entered the mayoral race.
    他参加了市长竞选。
  24. We will have a race for monitor tomorrow.
    明天我们将竞选班长。
  25. The race for president has finished.
    总统竞选已经结束。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He's a very good swimmer and often races.
    他是优秀的游泳选手,经常参加比赛。
  2. The children raced towards me.
    孩子们飞快地向我跑来。
  3. He jumped into his car and raced back home.
    他跳上他的汽车,急速开回家。
  4. Ships raced along on the river.
    船只在河上疾驶而过。
  5. Several days raced by.
    一晃几天过去了。
  6. The motor engine raced before it was shut off.
    汽车发动机关闭之前快速空转。
S+~+to- v
  1. Let's race to see what is happening.
    咱们跑去看看发生了什么事情。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. My horse has hurt his toe so I can't race him.
    我的马伤了脚趾,我不能把它投入比赛。
  2. Some medieval towns raced donkeys or buffaloes.
    有些中世纪的城市用驴子或水牛竞赛。
  3. I'll race you home.
    我和你比赛看谁先到家。
  4. He raced his car across the desert.
    他开车驶过那片荒凉的沙漠。
  5. Don't race the engine while it's cold.
    马达冷却时不要快速空转它。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
a race against time
  1. 和时间赛跑 desperate effort to do or finish sth before a certain time

    It was a race against time to seize the bridges and overwhelm the garrison. 为了夺取桥梁,击溃守敌,必须分秒必争。

in the race
  1. 在比赛中 in the competition

    Suddenly the leading car in the race burst into sight. 突然,比赛中的那辆领先的车出现了。

    The athlete quickly went ahead in the race. 那位运动员很快就在比赛中跑在了前面。

    He always gets behind in the race. 赛跑时他总是落在后面。

    The horse fell behind in the race. 那匹马在比赛中落后了。

    His defeat in the last cross-country race depressed him. 他在上一次越野赛中的失败使他感到沮丧。

    Japan is galloping ahead in the race to develop new technology. 日本在发展新技术的竞争中进展迅速,日新月异。

  2. 有希望的 having hope

    I think he is in the race for getting that post. 我认为他有可能得到那个职位。

    We are in the race for the final victory. 我们对最后的胜利抱有希望。

    The police are in the race that they will soon find the killer. 警方很可能找到凶手。

out of race
  1. 无希望的 hopeless

    He was disappointed so often that he became out of race. 他屡次失望,以致变为了绝望。

race with
  1. 同…比赛 competing in speed

    He rode race with me. 他与我进行过骑马〔自行车〕比赛。

    He ran a race with me. 他与我赛跑。

    They are running a race with the other school. 他们和另一学校进行比赛。

win the race
  1. 在赛跑中取胜 win in run

    Ade was winning the race until the thin boy edged him out. 赛跑中艾德就要取胜了,可是那位瘦瘦的小伙子却超过了他。

    If I can only keep ahead for a few more yards,I can win this race. 我只要能再领先几码,就能在这场赛跑中取胜。

    If you want to win the race, you'll have to go all out. 如果你想在赛跑中获胜,必须全力以赴。

    If only our horse can get ahead of the leading runner, it can win the race! 只要我们的马超过领先的赛手,它便能赢得胜利了!

    When he won the race his supporters chaired him round the field. 在比赛中获胜后,他的支持者抬着他绕场一周。

用作动词 (v.)
race against (v.+prep.)
  1. 与…赛跑 try to move faster than usually sb race against sb/sth

    I'll race against you to get home first.我要和你比赛谁先到家。

    He is a famous runner, and has raced against some of the best people in the world.他是一位著名的赛跑家,曾同世界上一些最强的选手比赛过。

    The farmers were racing against the rainy season, trying to gather in the summer crops.农民们正赶在雨季到来之前抢收夏熟作物。

    race sth against sth

    He raced his bicycle against a motorcar.他骑自行车与汽车比赛速度。

  2. 争抢时间; 不得不迅速地行事 have to do sth quickly; be forced to hurry race against time/the clock

    I don't like racing against time; I would rather do my work carefully and well.我愿意仔细干工作并把它干好,我不愿匆忙行事。

    We are racing against time to build up our country.我们正在争分夺秒地建设我们的国家。

    Doctors raced against the clock to save his life.医生们争分夺秒地抢救他的生命。

    If you got up earlier you wouldn't spend half the morning racing against the clock.如果你起得早一点,你就不会半个上午忙个不停了。

race through (v.+prep.)
  1. (使)匆忙地阅过 (cause to) hurry to complete sth race through sth

    Don't race through the list like that, read each name carefully.不要那样匆忙地念名单,要仔细地念出每个名字。

    race sth through sth

    The government raced the new law through all its stages so as to complete it before the election.为了使新法律在选举前完成,政府匆忙地使其通过了各个程序。

race to (v.+prep.)
  1. 跑到 arrive at quickly race to sth

    She raced to the door.她快跑到门口。

  2. 快速地把…送到… deliver sb/sth to sth/sb race sb/sth to sth

    He raced me to the station in his car.他用他的轿车全速把我送到车站。

    We raced the sick woman to hospital.我们迅速将那位生病的妇女送往医院。

    He raced the manuscript to the printers.他很快地把手稿送交给印刷工人。

race up (v.+adv.)
  1. 迅速上升 rise very quickly; hurry to the top race up

    The cost of living had been racing up in the past year.去年生活费用一直急剧上涨。

    We had just settled into autumn when the temperature raced up to summer conditions again.刚入秋,气温又急剧回升到夏天的水平。

race with (v.+prep.)
  1. 同…比赛 compete in speed; move at full speed against sb race with sb

    He raced with that runner for a prize.他和那个选手赛跑争夺奖品。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Eddies and races..can become..violent.

    出自:Lifeboat
  • The faded race of fallen leaves.

    出自:Sir W. Scott
  • Writers to the papers are..a race on their own.

    出自:Jo Grimond
  • Aragorn raced down the..slope.

    出自:Tolkien
  • The creek raced beside them..towards the..sea.

    出自:M. Shadbolt
  • An ambulance..turned about..and raced off.

    出自:J. M. Coetzee

race的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. race作“种族”解时,具有人类学或人种学含义,常指独特的、具有固定身体特征(如肤色,毛质、骨骼等)的一个种类。在一般用法中可指由于共同的历史而被认为是同一种族的群。race也可用于动植物,指“物种”。
  2. race指种族整体概念时是不可数名词,指一个具体的种族时是可数名词。
  3. race作“(速度)比赛,赛跑”解时,常与介词against, with等连用,是可数名词。引申可作“竞争”解。
v.(动词)
  1. race的基本意思是“与…比速度,参加比赛”,一般指的是通过比赛决出谁的速度更快。作“(使)快速移动”解时,可指人,也可指物(尤指机器)。
  2. race可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
race, nation, people, state, tribe
这组词都可表示“民族”。其区别在于:
1.race作“种族”解时,侧重人种学含义,往往包括几个民族和国家,这些民族的人民有某一相同的的自然特点(如肤色)。
2.nation指有共同的历史,使用同一种语言,居住在同一个大的地区,侧重于人民。例如:
The story is about the Indian nations in the western United States.这个故事是关于美国西部印第安民族的。
3.tribe指有共同的语言与风俗习惯,尤其是以古老生活方式生活的“部落”。例如:
Schools will help to civilize the wild tribes there.学校将有助于使那儿的野蛮部落文明化。
4.state指国家或者邦〔州〕,侧重政权。例如:
In our country, the people are protected by the state.在我国,人民受国家的保护。
That country is now an independent state.那个国家现在是个独立的国家。
They believed that the state was “above class distinctions”.他们认为国家是“超乎阶级区分之上”的。
5.people指有共同文化、共同利益或理想的一群人,强调文化和社会的统一,而不是国家和民族的统一。例如:
They will discuss giving further help to the oppressed peoples.他们将讨论给予被压迫民族更多援助。
race, competition, contest, emulation
这组词的共同意思是“竞赛,竞争”。其区别在于:
1.race可用在大选中的竞争。
2.competition指在某项目或某次比赛中与对手所进行的“较量与竞争”,也可指“竞争的对手”。例如:
Competition between business firms keeps prices down.商业公司之间的竞争使价格下降。
At the Olympic Games our representatives were in competition with the best swimmers from all parts of the world.我们的代表队在奥运会上与世界各地的最佳游泳选手角逐。
3.emulation意为“竞赛”,多指抽象的竞争,指在相互仿效的情况下,形成赶超局面,以努力取胜的竞争。例如:
The workers in this factory work hard in emulation of the workers in other factories.这工厂的工人努力工作以赶超其他厂的工人。
The young man worked hard in emulation of his famous father.这位年轻人努力工作,要迎头赶上他出名的父亲。
4.contest多用于有评判委员会的“比赛”。例如:
The newspaper is now running an enormous scenario contest.这家报纸正在举办大型电影剧本创作竞赛。
He won the contest for the deputy leadership.他在副手竞争中获胜。
v.(动词)
race against, race with
这两个短语都有“同…赛跑”的意思,接人时两者可互换,用against更强调对抗性,用with则指参加一般的比赛。另外,“与时间赛跑”只能说race against time〔the clock〕。
race, gallop, run
这组词的意思都是“跑”。其区别是:
race指与他人比较走得快慢,强调速度上的比赛; gallop多指马全速奔跑,也可指人飞快地跑; run指以一定的速度跑。例如:
I'll race you to the end of the road.我和你比赛,看谁先跑到这路的尽头。
Don't bother galloping after the bus, you'll never catch it.别费劲去追赶那辆公共汽车了,你怎么也赶不上的。
I used to run when I was in middle school.我在中学的时候常常跑步。
nation people race
这些名词均含“民族、种族”之意。
  • nation:nation特指居住于同一区域,有共同历史、语言、文化及心理素质等的人类群体。
  • people:people侧重指有共同文化、社会基础的人民整体。
  • race:race专指有共同祖先和相同肤色、面部特征等遗传特征以及共同风俗等的人群。
run jog race trot
这些动词均有“跑”之意。
  • run:run最普通用词,指由于各种原因而急速奔跑。
  • jog:jog指从容不迫地慢跑。
  • race:race多用于赛跑,指以最快速度奔跑。
  • trot:trot强调小跑时上下弹跳的动作,是介于跑与走之间轻快的快速运动。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右入进英语,直接源自古北欧语的ras,意为跑,冲。

race的相关资料:

正版词典

race : 人种,种族 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 人种 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
race : 速度竞赛, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

race的相关缩略词,共有29

互动百科

  • race:基本资料姓名:黄婉伶英文名:Race 性别:女生日:9月7日星座:处女座籍贯:身高:160cm血型:个人概述喜好:唱歌、听歌、弹琴喜欢的颜色:白色 喜欢的食物:汤米粉、住家饭 喜欢的地方:屋企 喜欢的...…

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