control

  基本词汇  
[kən'trəʊl]     [kən'troʊl]    
  • n.掌控;控制;管制;克制;操作装置
  • v.控制;支配;掌管;抑制;克制
controllable controllability controlled controlled controlling controls
new

control是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 控制
  2. 操纵装置
  3. 支配
  4. 统制
  5. 管理,监督,管制
  6. 抑制(力),压制
  7. 调节
  8. 对照物,对照标准
  9. 控制手段
  10. 指挥部
  11. 节制,约束
  12. 【农】防治
  13. 检查,核对
  14. 控制是美国制造的扫雷舰
v.(动词)
  1. 控制
  2. 支配
  3. 抑制,克制,节制
  4. 管理,监督,管制,领导,主宰,驾驭,操在...手里,操纵,掌管,指挥
  5. 核实,核对,检验,检查,对照
  6. 统制
  7. 防治,阻止蔓延
  8. 决定
  9. 调节,操纵
  10. 限制,限定

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 控制,抑制,支配 direct; fix or limit the time, amount, degree, etc.
  2. vt. 管理,操纵 stop things or people being too wild, fast, free, etc.
n.(名词)
  1. [U]控制,支配,管理 power or authority to direct, order or limit
  2. [U]管制 management
  3. [C]管理手段 means of limiting or regulating

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
control : 控制 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制 ...
在 《外教社社会学英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制, 抑制 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制权;控 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制(权) ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制 ...
在 《外教社管理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制 ...
在 《外教社土木建筑英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制 ...
在 《外教社商务英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制, 支配 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制, 支配 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
control : 控制,管制 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 对照 ...
在 《外教社医学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. power to direct or determine;

    "under control"

  2. a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another;

    "measures for the control of disease"
    "they instituted controls over drinking on campus"

  3. (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc;

    "the timing and control of his movements were unimpaired"
    "he had lost control of his sphincters"

  4. a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment;

    "the control condition was inappropriate for the conclusions he wished to draw"

  5. the activity of managing or exerting control over something;

    "the control of the mob by the police was admirable"

  6. the state that exists when one person or group has power over another;

    "her apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her"

  7. discipline in personal and social activities;

    "he was a model of polite restraint"
    "she never lost control of herself"

  8. great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;

    "a good command of French"

  9. a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine;

    "the speed controller on his turntable was not working properly"
    "I turned the controls over to her"

  10. a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance

  11. the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.;

    "they wanted to repeal all the legislation that imposed economic controls"

Verb:
  1. exercise authoritative control or power over;

    "control the budget"
    "Command the military forces"

  2. lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;

    "moderate your alcohol intake"
    "hold your tongue"
    "hold your temper"
    "control your anger"

  3. handle and cause to function;

    "do not operate machinery after imbibing alcohol"
    "control the lever"

  4. control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage;

    "She manipulates her boss"
    "She is a very controlling mother and doesn't let her children grow up"
    "The teacher knew how to keep the class in line"
    "she keeps in line"

  5. check or regulate (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard;

    "Are you controlling for the temperature?"

  6. verify by using a duplicate register for comparison;

    "control an account"

  7. be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;

    "He verified that the valves were closed"
    "See that the curtains are closed"
    "control the quality of the product"

  8. have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of;

    "Do you control these data?"

control的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Don't worry, we have everything under control.
    别担心,一切都在我们掌控之中。
  2. Inflation has got out of control.
    通货膨胀失去了控制。
  3. The government has imposed strict controls over the import of luxury goods.
    政府对奢侈品的进口采取了严格的管制。
  4. He has little control over his emotions.
    他控制不住自己的感情。
  5. The pilot is at the controls.
    飞行员在掌握操纵仪。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The firemen were unable to control the blaze.
    消防队员无法控制这场大火。
  2. Who will control the affairs of the entity?
    谁来掌管公司事务?
  3. He couldn't control the indignation that swelled in his heart.
    他无法抑制胸中涌起的义愤。
  4. He was unable to control his addiction to drugs.
    他无法克制他的毒瘾。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He tried to control me.
    他试图支配我。
  2. How could the ordinary rules of life be expected to control him?
    你怎么能指望他会受生活常规的束缚呢?
  3. I couldn't control myself, and I hit him.
    我气得不得了,就打了他。
  4. He was pleading with her to control herself until he could explain.
    他正请求她克制住自己,好让他有机会作解释。
  5. At that time the Romans controlled a vast empire.
    那时,罗马人统治着一个很大的帝国。
  6. The Australian administration at that time controlled the island.
    澳大利亚政府当时控制这个岛。
  7. The driver could not control the car.
    司机控制不了汽车了。
  8. His family had controlled The Times for more than a century.
    他的家族已经控制了一个多世纪的《泰晤士报》。
  9. A reactionary government is able to suppress the press, but not able to control public opinion.
    一个反动政府可以有办法压制新闻界,但却无法操纵舆论。
  10. Please control your dog!
    请把你的狗管好!
  11. A captain controls his ship and its crew.
    船长管理他的船和船上的船员。
  12. This committee controlled some of the public money.
    这个委员会掌管一部分公款。
  13. Her responsibility is to control the final accounts.
    她的职责是检查总账。
  14. 用于be ~ed结构
  15. The pressure of steam in the engine is controlled by this button.
    这台蒸汽机的蒸汽压力是由这个按钮控制的。
  16. The steam supply to the engine is controlled by the governor.
    供给发动机的蒸汽是由调节器加以调节的。
  17. The accounts of the whole company are controlled in this department.
    整个公司的账目都在这个部门接受检查。
S+~+to- v
  1. Can you control to be here early?
    你能想法早点到这里吗?
  2. He controls to live on a small income.
    他靠微薄的工资度日。
  3. He controls to stay here with her.
    他想法留下来陪她。
  4. I control to annoy him, but he always laughs.
    我想惹怒他,可他却老是大笑。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. A year ago this man assumed control of the company's finance.
    一年以前,这个人控制了该公司的财权。
  2. You should have control of your vehicle at all times.
    你应该每时每刻都控制住你的交通工具。
  3. The event is not within the control of human power.
    这件事是人力无法控制的。
  4. He has no control over his emotion.
    他无法抑制自己的情感。
  5. The manager exercises control over the whole firm.
    这位经理控制着整个公司。
  6. This medicine serves as an effective control for most headaches.
    这种药对多数头疼有控制作用。
  7. They bought control of a building company and a glass factory.
    他们收买了一家建筑公司和玻璃制品厂的经营管理权。
  8. He was reprimanded for insufficient control.
    他因管理不善受到了责备。
  9. The government has imposed strict controls on the import of luxury goods.
    政府严格限制奢侈品的进口。
  10. The arms trade should be subject to rigorous controls.
    对军火贸易应该严加限制。
  11. The pilot climbed into the air plane and sat down at the controls.
    飞行员爬进飞机,坐在操纵仪前面。
  12. She explained the controls of the washing machine.
    她解释了这台洗衣机的控制系统。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
beyond control
  1. 无法控制 bearing no power to affect it or change it

    The children were beyond control. 这些孩子不听管教。

    Due to circumstances beyond our control, we cannot land here. 由于出现了我们无法控制的情况,我们不能在此着陆。

    It is beyond my control. 这不是我所能控制的。

gain control of
  1. 取得对…的控制,控制住… get power over

    She finally gained control of herself. 她终于控制住了自己。

    TV reporters said a group of guerrillas had gained control of the town. 电视记者说一群游击队员控制住了这个城镇。

    He will gain direct control of the armed forces. 他将直接控制武装部队。

    The Party had been able to gain control of a nation of over 100 million people. 该党管理着有1亿人口的国家。

in control of
  1. 处于控制地位 having power over

    They were in control of the southern side of the mountain. 他们控制着南山坡。

    She was in complete control of the situation. 她已全面控制局势。

    He is in control of the supermarket. 这家超级市场是由他管理的。

    Man is not yet in control of his environment. 人类尚未能控制自然环境。

lose control of
  1. 失去对…的控制 lose power over

    He lost all control of himself. 他完全失去了自制力。

    The driver lost control of his car. 司机失去了对汽车的控制。

    Francis lost control of his bike on the hill and ran into a tree. 法兰西斯在山坡上失去了对自行车的控制,撞到了一棵大树上。

out of control
  1. 失去控制 having no power over it

    The football fans have got out of control. 足球迷们无法控制自己。

    The car went out of control and crashed over the cliff. 汽车失去了控制,掉下了悬崖。

outside control
  1. 无法控制 having no power over it

    Such a thing lies outside human control. 这样的事是人类无法控制的。

seize control (of)
  1. 夺取(对…的)控制权 get power over

    They did everything to seize control of the town council. 他们想尽一切办法夺取对镇议会的控制。

under control
  1. 被控制住 being controlled

    The fire was got under control before it became serious. 大火在蔓延前就被控制住了。

    The police kept the mob under control. 警察将暴徒制服。

    You ought to keep your passions under control. 你应该抑制住你的愤怒。

    Don't worry— everything is under control. 别担心,一切都已恢复正常了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Any Act transferring the theatres to the control of a licensing authority.

    出自:G. B. Shaw
  • The cart..swayed behind the ass, which Keyes..lost all control of.

    出自:Day Lewis
  • This process of imagination is outside our control.

    出自:M. Tippett
  • He shalbe sure seldome to meete any manne..by whom hys tale might be controlled.

    出自:Sir T. More

control的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. in control of ...表示“管理……”,under the control of ...表示“受……的管理”。注意前者不含the,后者含the。不过也可以表示为under one's control,不加the,如under government control
  2. control一般表示“控制,管理”没有“检查,检测的意思”,注意与动词examine, inspect和check的混淆;
  3. control作名词时,有“检查点”的意思,如customs control(海关检查)。
v.(动词)
  1. control的基本意思有二:一是“控制”,指被控制者对控制者意志的绝对服从,也指控制自己的情绪。二是“管理”,指用才能、权威或其他力量去管理、引导,使之在准确性、效能性、纪律性、相宜性等方面保持在所要求的范围之内。
  2. control的主语主要是具有生命且能表达意志的人,而其宾语则是一切能被人所控制的人、物、事。具有某种功能的仪器装置只能控制“物”,而不能控制人,也不能控制局势、秩序等。
  3. control多用作及物动词,后接名词或代词作宾语。control在作“控制情绪”解时,须接反身代词作宾语。
  4. control偶尔可接动词不定式作宾语,意思是“尽力〔设法〕(做)…”。
  5. control的过去式、过去分词、现在分词在英式英语中都要双写“l”,即controlled, controlled, controlling,在美式英语中不双写。
n.(名词)
  1. control用作名词的意思是“控制,管理”,可指控制或管理的行为,也可指对某人或某物拥有支配、管理的权力; 还可指对某人或某物的管理方式,具体的管理手段。
  2. control多用作不可数名词,作“限制或管理的手段”解时,可用作可数名词,可用于复数形式。
  3. control前即使有形容词也不可加不定冠词a。
  4. control的复数形式controls有时可表示“控制系统,控制措施”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
control, check
这两个词都有“控制,克制”的意思。其区别是:
check指“止住”; 而control指“控制”在一定程度,而不一定“止住”。试比较:
  • He checked himself.
  • 他忍住不说了。
  • He controlled himself.
  • 他控制住自己。 (仍然可以较和缓地回答)
control, govern, rule
这三个词都有“管理”“支配”“控制”的意思。其区别在于:
1.control指一般人对一般事物的一般控制与约束; govern指靠权力、专制或按宪法来系统地“管理”“统治”国家、城市、机构等; rule是一个正式的、庄重的用语,常用于贬义,比govern更专权地“管理”“统治”。例如:
The processes are all electronically controlled.各道程序都用电脑控制。
Canada is governed by a prime minister and his cabinet.加拿大是由总理及内阁来管理的。
A long time ago, the tiny country of Switzerland was ruled by Austria.很久以前,瑞士这个小国被奥地利统治。
2.control含有强制使其服从的意味; 而govern含有需要知识和判断能力来治理和管理的意味; rule则含有专制的或独裁的意味。例如:
All our calculations and experiments are carefully controlled.我们的一切计算和实验都受到严格控制。
In a democracy, an administration governs with the consent of the majority.在一个民主的国家里,行政部门是按绝大多数人的意志去进行管理的。
He was ruled by his wife.他受他妻子控制。
n.(名词)
下面各组中两个短语的意思不同:
  • in control of 掌握着,控制着
  • in the control of 受着…的控制
  • under control 情况正常的,处于控制之下的
  • under the control of 在…的管制之下
  • wage control 工资管理
  • wage controls 工资管理手段
control direct govern manage rule supervise administer
这些动词均有“管理、支配”之意。
  • control:control含义广泛的常用词,指对人或物施以约束或控制的力量。
  • direct:direct侧重行使领导或指导权。
  • govern:govern侧重指运用任何控制的权力来统治或管理一个国家、一个社会或一个部门,暗含能力和知识的运用。
  • manage:manage强调对具体事务机构进行管理,有时含受权管理或处理之意。
  • rule:rule强调用绝对或独裁的权力来管理或统治。
  • supervise:supervise侧重指运用本身的或被授予的权力来管理、检查工作,含监督意味。
  • administer:administer指官方的或正式的对事务的管理。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他的爱人把家务管理得很好。

    His wife controls the household very well.

    His wife manages the household very well.

    control即使在表示“管理”时,也含有原来的“制约”“操纵”的意思。

  2. 我几乎控制不住我的感情。

    I could hardly hold in my feelings.

    I could hardly control my feelings.

    I could hardly hold back my feelings.

    “控制感情”可以用control one's feelings,也可以说hold back one's feelings。

n.(名词)
  1. 火很快控制住了。

    The fire was soon in control.

    The fire was soon under control.

    in control是“控制(某人或某物)”; under control才是“被控制”的意思。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:a man came into the compartment to control the tickets.

    纠正:a man came into the compartment to check the tickets.

    翻译:一个男人走进车厢,去检查车票。

    分析:control作动词时没有“检查,检测”的意思。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自殖英诺曼底语的cnotreroller,意为施加权力;最初源自中世纪拉丁语的cnotreroller,意为柜台,登记。

control的相关资料:

正版词典

control : 监督,管理 ...
在 《外研社西班牙语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制, 调 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
control : 控制(力); ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • control:control n. 控制, 支配, 管理, 调节, 抑制, 控制器, 调节装置vt. 控制, 支配, 管理(物价等), 操纵, 抑制…

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