reduce

  核心词汇  
[rɪ'djuːs]     [rɪ'duːs]    
  • v.减少;缩小;使落魄;简化;还原
reducible reducibly reducer reduced reduced reducing reduces
new

reduce是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 减少
  2. 缩小
  3. 减轻体重
  4. 降服
  5. 使降级
  6. 约简
  7. 减肥
  8. 换算
  9. 折合
  10. 化为
  11. 体重减轻
  12. 【生】减数分裂
  13. 使处于
  14. 节减
  15. 使化为
  16. 缩短
  17. 降低
  18. 贬低
  19. 使没落
  20. 使降职
  21. 使落魄
  22. 把…归纳
  23. 使降服
  24. 征服
  25. 把…归并
  26. 把…弄碎
  27. 克服
  28. 攻陷
  29. 把…分解
  30. 使衰弱
  31. 把…分析
  32. 使变弱
  33. 使退化
  34. 使变为
  35. 使变瘦
  36. 使成为
  37. 把…折合
  38. 迫使
  39. 归纳为
  40. 节食
  41. 变瘦
  42. 缩减
  43. 减弱
  44. 还原
  45. 稀释
  46. 复原
  47. 减数分裂

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 缩减,减少; 降低 make less in size, amount, price, degree, etc.
  2. vi. 减轻体重,节食 lose weight intentionly; diet
  3. vt. 降职 make sb lower in rank or status; demote sb
  4. vt. 使…陷入某种状态或状况中 bring sb/sth into a specified state or condition
  5. vt. 将…概括或简化 change sth to a more general or basic form
  6. vt. 将…还原 remove oxygen from or add hydrogen or electrons to (a compound)

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
reduce : 减少, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
reduce : 减少, 降级 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
reduce :  削 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
reduce : 减持,减少 ...
reduce : 减少, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
reduce : 减少, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. cut down on; make a reduction in;

    "reduce your daily fat intake"
    "The employer wants to cut back health benefits"

  2. make less complex;

    "reduce a problem to a single question"

  3. bring to humbler or weaker state or condition;

    "He reduced the population to slavery"

  4. simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another

  5. lower in grade or rank or force somebody into an undignified situation;

    "She reduced her niece to a servant"

  6. be the essential element;

    "The proposal boils down to a compromise"

  7. reduce in size; reduce physically;

    "Hot water will shrink the sweater"
    "Can you shrink this image?"

  8. lessen and make more modest;

    "reduce one's standard of living"

  9. make smaller;

    "reduce an image"

  10. to remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase in the number of electrons

  11. narrow or limit;

    "reduce the influx of foreigners"

  12. put down by force or intimidation;

    "The government quashes any attempt of an uprising"
    "China keeps down her dissidents very efficiently"
    "The rich landowners subjugated the peasants working the land"

  13. undergo meiosis;

    "The cells reduce"

  14. reposition (a broken bone after surgery) back to its normal site

  15. destress and thus weaken a sound when pronouncing it

  16. reduce in scope while retaining essential elements;

    "The manuscript must be shortened"

  17. be cooked until very little liquid is left;

    "The sauce should reduce to one cup"

  18. cook until very little liquid is left;

    "The cook reduced the sauce by boiling it for a long time"

  19. lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture;

    "cut bourbon"

  20. take off weight

reduce的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The new government's prime task is to reduce the level of inflation.
    新政府的主要任务是减低通货膨胀的水平。
  2. We need to reduce our dependence on oil as a source of energy.
    在能源方面,我们需减少对石油的依赖。
  3. They were reduced to begging.
    他们沦落到得要饭。
  4. You need to reduce the equation to its simplest form.
    你需要将这个方程式化为最简单形式。
  5. Electrons from water involved in noncyclic photophosphorylation are used to reduce the added substance.
    非循环光合磷酸化中由水提供的电子被用来还原产物。
  6. In the case of very small strains, these derived bounds reduce known results for linear cases.
    在微小变形下,所导出的界限还原成已知的线性情况下的相应结果。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I'm reducing.
    我正在节食。
  2. She has been reducing for the last few weeks.
    最近几个星期她一直在节食。
  3. No sugar, thank you —I'm trying to reduce.
    对不起,我不吃糖,我在减肥。
  4. They are trying a new diet in order to reduce.
    他们为了减肥,正试用一种新食谱。
S+~+to- v
  1. I must reduce to get into that fine dress.
    要想穿上那件好衣服,我就得减肥。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Some fat people try to reduce their weight.
    有些肥胖人设法减肥。
  2. We shall have to reduce the price if we want this buyer to take the house off our hands.
    若我们想要让买主从我们的手里买下这房子,就必须降低售价。
  3. The new working method further reduced production costs.
    新的操作方法进一步降低了生产成本。
  4. What the factory should do now is to try to reduce the production cost.
    该厂现在应做的就是设法降低生产成本。
  5. The government has taken measures to reduce public expenditure.
    政府已经采取措施来削减公共开支。
  6. He decided to reduce family expenses.
    他决定减缩家庭开支。
  7. The driver reduced the driving speed.
    司机减低了车速。
  8. Lubrication reduces noise and wear.
    润滑作用能减少噪音和磨损。
  9. They used a stolen car to reduce the risk of detection.
    他们使用了一辆偷来的汽车以减少被发现的风险。
  10. The army reduced the fort by a sudden attack.
    这支军队突然袭击攻下了那个堡垒。
  11. A doctor can reduce a fracture or dislocation.
    医生能使骨折或脱臼复位。
  12. The rising sun quickly reduced the fog.
    升起的太阳很快驱散了晨雾。
  13. 用于be ~ed结构
  14. I bought this shirt because it was reduced.
    我买这件衬衫是因为它减价了。
  15. If the pressure is not reduced, the cylinder is likely to fracture.
    如果不降低压力,汽缸就可能破裂。
  16. Following the cutting down of personnel, the cost of production was correspondingly reduced.
    随着人员的裁减,生产成本也相应降低了。
  17. If the tax is reduced, that 5% will come off the price of the goods.
    如果税收削减的话,那个5%将从货价中扣除。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Hunger reduced him to steal.
    饥饿使他不得不行窃。
  2. In those days poverty reduced many people to beg in the street.
    在旧社会,贫穷使许多人不得不在街上乞讨。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. They went to the cinema at a reduced fare.
    他们以优惠票价看了一场电影。
  2. She could not face up to the prospect of living in reduced circumstances.
    她没有勇气面对每况愈下的生活前景。
  3. The country's present difficulties arise from the reduced value of its money.
    该国目前的困难起因于其货币的贬值。
  4. The people must reconcile themselves to a reduced standard of living.
    人们必须使自己习惯于生活水平的下降。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
reduce by (v.+prep.)
  1. 使…以(某幅度)减少 make (sth such as an amour or price) less

    She reduced her weight by five kilograms. 她把体重减轻了5公斤。

    The new canal will reduce the distance between the two cities by half. 新运河将使两个城市间的距离缩短一半。

    They have reduced the price by ten percent. 他们已降价10%。

    We are going to reduce the price of these coats by 20 per cent. 我们打算把这些上衣减价20%销售。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The price was reduced by ten percent. 价格降低了10%。

  2. 以…方法减少 make (sth such as an amount or price) less by doing sth

    Reduce the sauce by boiling it for ten minutes. 把调味汁煮沸10分钟,使之浓缩变稠。

    Some fat people try to reduce their weight by eating less. 有些胖人试图通过少吃减肥。

  3. 用…方法还原 remove oxygen from or add hydrogen or electrons to (a compound) with sth

    The chemist reduced water by electrolysis. 化学家用电解法把水还原为氢。

reduce from (v.+prep.)
  1. 使…低于 make (sth such as a price) less than (a former level) reduce sth from sth

    I bought this shirt because it was considerably reduced from its original price.我买这件上衣是因为它远远低于它的原价。

reduce in (v.+prep.)
  1. 使…方面降低 bring (sth/sb) down with regard to (a level, price, etc.) reduce sb/sth in sth

    He would not reduce it in price.他不愿降低它的价格。

    They have decided to reduce him in post.他们已经决定降他的职。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Most of the daily necessities have been greatly reduced in price.大部分日用品已大降价。

    He was reduced in rank.他被降级了。

reduce to (v.+prep.)
  1. 〔说明〕 reduce to通常不用于进行体。
  2. 使降低到,遭受 bring sth to a smaller number or amount; change sth to its parts; bring or get to a certain condition, especially humble, unpleasant, or dishonourable reduce sb/sth to sth/v-ing

    They reduced the expenses to 60 per cent.他们将开支压缩到60%。

    We should reduce the unproductive expenditure to a minimum.我们应该把非生产性开支压缩到最低限度。

    The fighting reduced the city to a shambles.这场战斗使这座城市成了一片废墟。

    A conflagration in 1947 reduced 90 percent of the houses to ashes.1947年的一场大火,使90%的房屋化为灰烬。

    Even when we reduce the salt to a fine powder, it still tastes salt.即使把食盐捣成粉末,它还是有咸味的。

    A succession of bad harvest had reduced the small farmer to penury.连续歉收使得这个小农场主陷入了贫困境地。

    Anxiety about the fate of his family reduced him to a nervous wreck.对家人命运的担忧使他精神崩溃。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His income has been reduced to half its amount .他的收入减少了一半。

    The operation must be carefully planned so that the loss of blood would be reduced to a minimum.这次手术要周密计划,要把失血降到最低限度。

    Your speed must be reduced to the city speed as soon as you cross the border.你一进市区车速就得减到市区的规定速度。

    He is reduced almost to a skeleton.他瘦得几乎变成了一个骨头架子。

    The chalk was reduced to powder.粉笔被磨成粉末。

    The house was reduced to ashes.那房子被烧成了灰烬。

    I bought the coat as it was reduced to only £30.我买这件上衣因为它减价到只卖30英镑。

    After the Opium War of 1840,China was gradually reduced to a semicolonial and semi ̄feudal society.1840年鸦片战争后,中国逐渐沦为一个半殖民地半封建的社会。

    Its people were thus reduced to slavery.就这样它的人民都沦为奴隶了。

    In the old society he was finally reduced to begging.在旧社会,他最后被逼得讨饭。

    During the famine, many people were reduced to eating grass and leaves.许多人在饥荒时被迫吃青草啃树叶充饥。

    The captain was reduced to the ranks.上尉被降为士兵。

  3. 归纳,简化 consider separate things together as a unity; simplify sth made up of many parts as a single thing or idea reduce sth/wh-clause to sth

    I think we can reduce his rather lengthy statement to one or two essential points.我认为可以把他冗长的演说归纳为一两个要点。

    This kind of analysis reduces the problem to its simplest form.这种分析把这个问题概括成最简单的形式。

    We can reduce what he said to three simple facts.我们可以把他讲的内容归纳为三件事。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His life's work can be reduced to a search for truth.他的毕生事业可以说就是探求真理。

    Boil all the ingredients together till they are reduced to half the quantity.将所有配料放在一起熬,使它们浓缩成一半。

  4. 折合; 分解成 change; separate sth such as a mixture or combination into its parts reduce sth to sth

    To reduce pounds to pence you multiply by a hundred.把英镑折合成便士,你只需乘上100。

    Our chemistry teacher often reduces a compound to its components in lab.在实验室中化学老师常把化合物分解为各种成分。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Water can be reduced to oxygen and hydrogen by electrolysis.用电解法可以把水分解为氧和氢。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Potatoes..cooked so long that they have been reduced to a watery flour.

    出自:F. King

reduce的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 当表达“使……不得不”的意思时,更多采用reduce…to doing(动名词),而很少用动词原形;
  2. reduce to和reduce by的意义不同。reduce to表示“减少到了”,而后者表示“减少了”,表程度。
v.(动词)
  1. reduce的基本意思是“减少”,指重量、程度、数目、范围、速度等减少或降低,不仅可以指量的变化,还可以指质的转变。引申可作“降职”“使…陷入某种状态或状况中”“将…概括或简化”“将…还原”“征服”“攻陷”等解。
  2. reduce可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. reduce偶尔也可接动词不定式作宾语补足语,意思是“使…不得不…”。
  4. reduce后常接介词by表示“以某幅度减少”或“以…方法减少”; reduce常接介词to表示“减少到…”或“使陷入…状态”。
  5. reduce的过去分词reduced常可用作形容词,在句中作定语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
reduce by, reduce to
这两个短语都表示“减少”,前者用于表示减少的数量; 后者用于表示减少的程度。
reduce, decrease, diminish, lessen
这组词都可表示“降低”或“减少”。其区别在于:decrease指各种事物逐渐减少、逐渐衰弱的过程; lessen指减轻强度和减缓烈度,也可指从整体上减去部分或在程度上、数量上的减少; diminish指可以看得出的“缩小”“缩减”; reduce指缩小事物的范围、强度、数量等,也可指级别、地位或经济条件的降低。例如:
Decrease the dose of medicine when you feel better.你感到好些就减少药剂用量。
The number of fighters had now diminished to two, but the hilltop remained in our hands.现在战士只剩下两个人了,但我们仍然占领着山头。
Good lubrication will reduce friction.良好的润滑会减少摩擦。
The noise lessened as the plane got further away.飞机逐渐飞远了,噪音也就减弱了。
decrease diminish lessen reduce dwindle
这些词的共同含义是“减少,变少”。
  • decrease:decrease指逐渐地、不断地减少。
  • diminish:diminish侧重大小、数量和重要性的不断减小,强调减小的部分。
  • lessen:lessen普通用词,与decrease近义。指数目、程度、价值、实力等的减少。
  • reduce:reduce普通用词,含义广。指数量、程度的降低或减少。
  • dwindle:dwindle与decrease同义,指逐渐减小,但强调变得越来越少终至全无。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他们被减薪了。

    Their salaries were reduced down.

    Their salaries were reduced.

    Their salaries were cut down.

    reduce本身就表示减少,所以无需再用down这一副词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪期晚进入英语,直接源自古法语的reducer;最初源自拉丁语的reducere:re (回) + ducere (带,领),意为带回,恢复,撤退。

reduce的相关资料:

正版词典

reduce : 减少 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
reduce : 使减少,使 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • reduce:reduce vt. 减少, 缩小, 简化, 还原 英英解释:动词reduce:1. cut down on; make a reduction in同义词:cut down, cut back, t…

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