- v. 减少；缩小；使落魄；简化；还原
- vt. 缩减,减少; 降低 make less in size, amount, price, degree, etc.
- vi. 减轻体重,节食 lose weight intentionly; diet
- vt. 降职 make sb lower in rank or status; demote sb
- vt. 使…陷入某种状态或状况中 bring sb/sth into a specified state or condition
- vt. 将…概括或简化 change sth to a more general or basic form
- vt. 将…还原 remove oxygen from or add hydrogen or electrons to (a compound)
cut down on; make a reduction in;
"reduce your daily fat intake"
"The employer wants to cut back health benefits"
make less complex;
"reduce a problem to a single question"
bring to humbler or weaker state or condition;
"He reduced the population to slavery"
simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another
lower in grade or rank or force somebody into an undignified situation;
"She reduced her niece to a servant"
be the essential element;
"The proposal boils down to a compromise"
reduce in size; reduce physically;
"Hot water will shrink the sweater"
"Can you shrink this image?"
lessen and make more modest;
"reduce one's standard of living"
"reduce an image"
to remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase in the number of electrons
narrow or limit;
"reduce the influx of foreigners"
put down by force or intimidation;
"The government quashes any attempt of an uprising"
"China keeps down her dissidents very efficiently"
"The rich landowners subjugated the peasants working the land"
"The cells reduce"
reposition (a broken bone after surgery) back to its normal site
destress and thus weaken a sound when pronouncing it
reduce in scope while retaining essential elements;
"The manuscript must be shortened"
be cooked until very little liquid is left;
"The sauce should reduce to one cup"
cook until very little liquid is left;
"The cook reduced the sauce by boiling it for a long time"
lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture;
take off weight
- The new government's prime task is to reduce the level of inflation.
- We need to reduce our dependence on oil as a source of energy.
- We must gradually reduce the wage gap.
- They were reduced to begging.
- You need to reduce the equation to its simplest form.
- Electrons from water involved in noncyclic photophosphorylation are used to reduce the added substance.
- In the case of very small strains, these derived bounds reduce known results for linear cases.
- I'm reducing.
- She has been reducing for the last few weeks.
- No sugar, thank you —I'm trying to reduce.
- They are trying a new diet in order to reduce.
- I must reduce to get into that fine dress.
- Some fat people try to reduce their weight.
- We shall have to reduce the price if we want this buyer to take the house off our hands.
- The new working method further reduced production costs.
- What the factory should do now is to try to reduce the production cost.
- The government has taken measures to reduce public expenditure.
- He decided to reduce family expenses.
- The driver reduced the driving speed.
- Lubrication reduces noise and wear.
- They used a stolen car to reduce the risk of detection.
- The army reduced the fort by a sudden attack.
- A doctor can reduce a fracture or dislocation.
- The rising sun quickly reduced the fog.
- I bought this shirt because it was reduced.
- If the pressure is not reduced, the cylinder is likely to fracture.
- Following the cutting down of personnel, the cost of production was correspondingly reduced.
- If the tax is reduced, that 5% will come off the price of the goods.
- Hunger reduced him to steal.
- In those days poverty reduced many people to beg in the street.
- They went to the cinema at a reduced fare.
- She could not face up to the prospect of living in reduced circumstances.
- The country's present difficulties arise from the reduced value of its money.
- The people must reconcile themselves to a reduced standard of living.
- reduce by (v.+prep.)
用…方法还原 remove oxygen from or add hydrogen or electrons to (a compound) with sth
- reduce from (v.+prep.)
使…低于 make (sth such as a price) less than (a former level)
reduce sth from sth
I bought this shirt because it was considerably reduced from its original price.
- reduce in (v.+prep.)
使…方面降低 bring (sth/sb) down with regard to (a level, price, etc.)
reduce sb/sth in sth
He would not reduce it in price.
They have decided to reduce him in post.
Most of the daily necessities have been greatly reduced in price.
He was reduced in rank.
- reduce to (v.+prep.)
折合; 分解成 change; separate sth such as a mixture or combination into its parts
reduce sb/sth to sth/v-ing
They reduced the expenses to 60 per cent.
We should reduce the unproductive expenditure to a minimum.
The fighting reduced the city to a shambles.
A conflagration in 1947 reduced 90 percent of the houses to ashes.1947
Even when we reduce the salt to a fine powder, it still tastes salt.
A succession of bad harvest had reduced the small farmer to penury.
Anxiety about the fate of his family reduced him to a nervous wreck.
His income has been reduced to half its amount .
The operation must be carefully planned so that the loss of blood would be reduced to a minimum.
Your speed must be reduced to the city speed as soon as you cross the border.
He is reduced almost to a skeleton.
The chalk was reduced to powder.
The house was reduced to ashes.
I bought the coat as it was reduced to only ￡30.
After the Opium War of 1840,China was gradually reduced to a semicolonial and semi￣feudal society.1840
Its people were thus reduced to slavery.
In the old society he was finally reduced to begging.
During the famine, many people were reduced to eating grass and leaves.
The captain was reduced to the ranks.
上尉被降为士兵。reduce sth/wh-clause to sth
I think we can reduce his rather lengthy statement to one or two essential points.
This kind of analysis reduces the problem to its simplest form.
We can reduce what he said to three simple facts.
His life's work can be reduced to a search for truth.
Boil all the ingredients together till they are reduced to half the quantity.
将所有配料放在一起熬,使它们浓缩成一半。reduce sth to sth
To reduce pounds to pence you multiply by a hundred.
Our chemistry teacher often reduces a compound to its components in lab.
Water can be reduced to oxygen and hydrogen by electrolysis.
- reduce a person to reason 使人服理
- reduce the city to a shambles 使城市变成瓦砾
- reduce the loss of blood to a minimum 把失血减少到最低量
- reduce the passage to half the number of words 把这段字数减少到一半
- reduce the size 缩小体积
- reduce easily 容易征服
- reduce gradually 逐步缩小
- reduce greatly 大大减少
- reduce markedly 明显地减少
- reduce materially 大为减少
- reduce necessarily 必要地减少
- reduce sharply 锐减
Potatoes..cooked so long that they have been reduced to a watery flour.出自： F. King
- reduce后常接介词by表示“以某幅度减少”或“以…方法减少”; reduce常接介词to表示“减少到…”或“使陷入…状态”。
- 当表达“使……不得不”的意思时，更多采用reduce…to doing(动名词)，而很少用动词原形；
- reduce to和reduce by的意义不同。reduce to表示“减少到了”，而后者表示“减少了”，表程度。
- reduce by, reduce to
- 这两个短语都表示“减少”,前者用于表示减少的数量; 后者用于表示减少的程度。
- reduce, decrease, diminish, lessen
- 这组词都可表示“降低”或“减少”。其区别在于:decrease指各种事物逐渐减少、逐渐衰弱的过程; lessen指减轻强度和减缓烈度,也可指从整体上减去部分或在程度上、数量上的减少; diminish指可以看得出的“缩小”“缩减”; reduce指缩小事物的范围、强度、数量等,也可指级别、地位或经济条件的降低。例如:
- Decrease the dose of medicine when you feel better.你感到好些就减少药剂用量。
- The number of fighters had now diminished to two, but the hilltop remained in our hands.现在战士只剩下两个人了,但我们仍然占领着山头。
- Good lubrication will reduce friction.良好的润滑会减少摩擦。
- The noise lessened as the plane got further away.飞机逐渐飞远了,噪音也就减弱了。
误 Their salaries were reduced down.
正 Their salaries were reduced.
正 Their salaries were cut down.
- ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语，直接源自古法语的reducer；最初源自拉丁语的reducere：re (回） + ducere (带，领），意为带回，恢复，撤退。