- n. 拉紧；紧张；血统；笔调；（动植物或疾病的）品种
- v. 拉紧；劳累；过分使用
- vt. & vi. 拉紧 stretch tightly by pulling
- vt. & vi. 尽量利用; 尽全力 make the greatest use of; exert one's powers
- vt. & vi. 过滤 pass liquid through a loth or a network of fine wire
(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension;
"she endured the stresses and strains of life"
"he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"
a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence;
"she was humming an air from Beethoven"
(psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress;
"his responsibilities were a constant strain"
"the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"
a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
"he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"
"he created a new strain of sheep"
(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups;
"a new strain of microorganisms"
injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
the general meaning or substance of an utterance;
"although I disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument"
an effortful attempt to attain a goal
an intense or violent exertion
the act of singing;
"with a shout and a song they marched up to the gates"
to exert much effort or energy;
"straining our ears to hear"
test the limits of;
"You are trying my patience!"
use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity;
"He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"
"Don't strain your mind too much"
separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements;
"sift the flour"
cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious;
"he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up"
become stretched or tense or taut;
"the bodybuilder's neck muscles tensed;"
"the rope strained when the weight was attached"
remove by passing through a filter;
"filter out the impurities"
rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender;
"puree the vegetables for the baby"
alter the shape of (something) by stress;
"His body was deformed by leprosy"
- The rope finally broke under the strain.
- The tugs took up the strain and the ocean liner edged away from the quayside.
- All her senses were on the strain when the test was going on.
- A sudden and severe strain was placed upon us by the cutting off of these supplies.
- The Germany strain in him makes him like philosophy.
- He created a new strain of sheep.
- Any flu epidemic is worrisome, especially when a new strain of flu bug is involved.
- Too heavy a load will strain the rope to its breaking point.
- A warm-up is important before a run so as not to strain any muscles.
- The sporters strained and struggled.
- The liquid strained readily.
- He strained to turn the wheel, but he couldn't.
- They strained the wire between two posts.
- She strained her child to her breast.
- She strained her ears to hear what was happening.
- She strained her ears, but no sound reached them.
- Don't strain your eyes by reading such small print.
- He strained his voice.
- I boiled the potatoes and then strained them.
- He realized that she was too strained.
- The mistake has caused strained relations between the manager and his staff.
- He had a strained smile on his face.
- strain after (v.+prep.)
竭力做某事 do one's utmost to do sth
strain after sth/v-ing
Read the text naturally, don't strain after effects.
He strained after learning with all his might.
- strain at (v.+prep.)
尽力拉,拼命拉 pull hard on sth so that it costs effort or pain
strain at sth
The crew strained at the oars to keep the boat clear of the rock.
The dog strains at the leash eager to be off.
We hoped to keep the young scientists with us, but could see that they were straining at the leash to move to better jobs.
- strain for (v.+prep.)
使劲 exert all one's strength
strain for sth
Everyone strained through the darkness for some sight of shore.
- strain off (v.+adv.)
滤掉(某物) to remove part of sth by passing through sth such as a cloth
strain sth ⇔ off
Strain the fat off before you serve the soup.
When you've boiled the cabbage, strain off the water through a colander.
- strain one's ears 竖起耳朵听
- strain every nerve 竭尽全力
- strain excessively 过分地拉紧
- strain feebly 无力地拉紧
- strain furiously 疯狂拉紧
- strain readily 容易过滤
- strain off 滤去
- strain off the water 滤去…中的水
- strain out coffee grounds 滤出咖啡渣
The starry strain of spirit, thence we are.出自： P. J. Bailey
Hoovering brings on the strain in her back.出自： W. Trevor
The bonds which strained them to the conquerors.出自： C. Merivale
- strain接介词at表示“拉紧”; 接for或after表示“使劲”。
- ☆ 1400年左右进入英语，直接源自古法语的estreindre，意为拉紧，挤压；最初源自古典拉丁语的stringere，意为拉紧，绑紧。