prevail

  核心词汇  
[prɪ'veɪl]     [prɪ'veɪl]    
  • vi. 盛行;获胜;劝说
prevailer prevailed prevailed prevailing prevails
new

prevail的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 占上风,占优势
  2. 盛行,流行
  3. 战胜,胜过,优胜,取胜,克敌制胜,获胜
  4. 普遍,普及
  5. 成功
  6. 奏效,生效,有效
  7. 传开
  8. 有,是
  9. 说服,劝说
  10. 诱使,被接受
  11. 压倒
  12. 主导

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vi. 盛行,流行 be generally seen, done, etc.
  2. vi. 获胜,占优势 gain victory; occupy a dominant position
  3. vi. 说服,劝说; 诱使 persuade (sb) (to do sth); lead or induce

英英释义

Verb:
  1. be larger in number, quantity, power, status or importance;

    "Money reigns supreme here"
    "Hispanics predominate in this neighborhood"

  2. be valid, applicable, or true;

    "This theory still holds"

  3. continue to exist;

    "These stories die hard"
    "The legend of Elvis endures"

  4. prove superior;

    "The champion prevailed, though it was a hard fight"

  5. use persuasion successfully;

    "He prevailed upon her to visit his parents"

prevail的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. This old custom does not prevail now.
    这种旧风俗现在已经不流行了。
  2. Misty weather prevails in this part of the country.
    该国的这一地区天气多雾。
  3. Virtue will prevail against evil.
    美德定将战胜邪恶。
  4. I tried to prevail on him to stay.
    我曾试图说服他留下。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. This fashion still prevails.
    这种式样仍在流行。
  2. Justice has prevailed; the guilty man has been punished.
    正义得到伸张,罪犯受到惩罚。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
prevail against (v.+prep.)
    〈正〉打败,战胜; 压倒 defeat; be successful in opposing
    prevail against sb/sth

    The knights prevailed against their enemies.

    骑士们降服了敌人。

    We can't hope to prevail against such overwhelming odds.

    我们不能希望战胜这种势不可挡的力量。

prevail on〔upon〕 (v.+prep.)
    〈正〉劝告,说服 persuade (sb) (to do sth)
    prevail on〔upon〕 sb to-v

    Can you prevail on him to go?

    你能说服他走吗?

    We prevailed on him to write a memoir.

    我们说服他写一篇传记。

    He tries to prevail upon me to give up smoking.

    他试图说服我戒烟。

    He was prevailed upon to deliver us a lecture.

    他被说服为我们作一次讲座。

    He is not easily prevailed on to give up smoking.

    说服他戒烟,谈何容易。

prevail over (v.+prep.)
    覆盖 cover (sth)

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • It..prevails against all cold Diseases of the Head, Brain, Nerves and Womb.

    出自: W. Salmon
  • In the end the moral law prevails over the law of the jungle.

    出自: A. G. Gardiner
  • On you go, jolly and optimistic that right will prevail.

    出自: D. Lessing

prevail的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. prevail的基本意思是“说服”,这种说服既有说理含义,又有感情因素,强调面临对方强烈反对或有充分论据的挑战。引申可表示“盛行”“流行”“获胜”。
  2. prevail一般只用作不及物动词,常与 against 〔over〕连用表示“打败,战胜”“压倒”; 与on〔upon〕连用表示“说服”“劝告”。
  3. prevail可用于进行体,但如果有still修饰则不能用于进行体。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的prvalere:pr (之前) + valere (实力,能力),意为有更大的权力。

prevail的相关资料:

近反义词

【近义词】

临近单词

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