through

  基本词汇  
[θruː]     [θruː]    
  • adv.通过;径直;自始至终;(电话)接通;完全
  • prep.穿过;凭借;一直到
  • adj.直达的;直通的;贯穿的;完成的;结束的
new

through是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 通过,穿过
  2. 彻底,完全
  3. 从头至尾,自始至终,彻头彻尾,直至完成
  4. 直达,过去
  5. 接通,到底
  6. 从一端到另一端,径直
  7. 地地道道
  8. 经历
prep.(介词)
  1. 穿过,通过,越过...的限制
  2. 由于,因为
  3. 以,凭籍
  4. 遍及
  5. 从头到尾,贯穿,从...开始至终,在...整个期间
  6. 在...各处
  7. 在...之间,在...之中
  8. 完成
  9. 完,尽
  10. <美>从...直至
adj.(形容词)
  1. 直通的,直达的
  2. 完成的
  3. 全程的
  4. 贯穿的,穿过的
  5. 过境的
  6. 结束的,完结的,了结
  7. 断交的
  8. 戒绝的
  9. <英>接通的
  10. <美>通话完毕的
  11. 联运的
  12. 可以通行的
  13. 有洞的
n.(名词)
  1. 地道,通道
v.(动词)
  1. 贯彻

双解释义

prep.(介词)
  1. (表示位置)在…之中; 在…各处; 遍及 between; in; extending all over
  2. (表示时间)在…期间; 从…开头到结尾 during; from start to end
  3. (表示方向)从…的一端到另一端; 经过 from start to end
  4. (表示状态)经历着; 度过 experience
  5. (表示方式)凭借; 用 by
  6. (表示原因)因为,由于 because of sth
  7. (表示让步)尽管有(反对、抗议等的声音); 顶着 going against
adv.(副词)
  1. 通过,过去 from one side to other side
  2. 进行到底 from the beginning to the end

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
through : 通过, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. having finished or arrived at completion;

    "certain to make history before he's done"
    "it's a done deed"
    "after the treatment, the patient is through except for follow-up"
    "almost through with his studies"

  2. (of a route or journey etc.) continuing without requiring stops or changes;

    "a through street"
    "a through bus"
    "through traffic"

Adverb:
  1. from beginning to end;

    "read this book through"

  2. over the whole distance;

    "this bus goes through to New York"

  3. to completion;

    "think this through very carefully!"

  4. in diameter;

    "this cylinder measures 15 inches through"

  5. throughout the entire extent;

    "got soaked through in the rain"
    "I'm frozen through"
    "a letter shot through with the writer's personality"
    "knew him through and through"
    "boards rotten through and through"

through的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. The crowd fell back to let the players through.
    人群后退让运动员们通过。
  2. Put the coffee in the filter and let the water through.
    把咖啡放入过滤器里让水流过。
  3. "Did you stop in Oxford on the way?""No, we drove straight through."
    “你们路径牛津时停车了吗?”“没有,我们一直来过来的。”
  4. Don't tell me how it ends--I haven't read all the way through yet.
    先别告诉我书的结尾--我还没看完呢。
  5. My overcoat is wet through.
    我的大衣完全湿透了。
用作介词 (prep.)
  1. The ball went through the window.
    那球穿过窗子飞去。
  2. The journey through the jungle was perilous.
    穿过丛林的旅行充满了危险。
  3. The hunter stalked the bear through the woods.
    那个猎人穿过树林,悄悄走近熊。
  4. You can only achieve success through hard work.
    你得孜孜不倦方能成功。
  5. We'll be in New York Monday through Friday.
    我们从周一至周五将一直待在纽约。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. Welcome on board the 94 through train to Guangzhou.
    欢迎乘坐开往广州去的94次直达列车。
  2. We found a through street.
    我们发现了一条走得通的路。
  3. A through beam illuminated the dark road ahead.
    一束透射光照亮了前方黑暗的道路。
  4. She was through with the project.
    她完成了这个项目。
  5. How soon will you be through?
    您要用多长时间打完电话?
  6. Todd and I are through.
    托德和我吹了。

常见句型

用作介词 (prep.)
  1. The earth moves through space.
    地球在太空中运行。
  2. The hare was limpingly trembling through the frozen grass.
    那只兔子一瘸一拐地颤抖着穿行在那冰冻的草地里。
  3. Tom bore up bravely through his father's illness.
    在他父亲生病期间,汤姆表现得很坚强勇敢。
  4. She read quickly through the book.
    她很快地把那本书读完。
  5. He went through the forest all the next day too.
    次日他穿过了森林。
  6. He has decided to prolong his visit through the weekend.
    他已决定把他的访问延长到过完周末。
  7. They will continue construction through the winter months.
    他们整个冬季将继续施工。
  8. The answer given to police was through a young gentleman.
    答复是通过一位年轻的先生交给警方的。
  9. I learnt of the position through a newspaper advertisement.
    我是从报纸广告上得悉有此职位的。
  10. He became ill through overwork.
    他因工作过于劳累而病倒了。
  11. It was through him that I missed my train.
    就是因为他,我才误了火车。
  12. The politician struggled to speak through the shouts of the crowd.
    尽管人群中不断有叫喊声,那位政客仍然坚持讲下去。
  13. The young man drove straight through a red traffic light.
    那个年轻人开车闯过红灯,径直而去。
用作副词 (adv.)
  1. They wouldn't let us through.
    他们不会让我们通过。
  2. Can I get through by this road?
    我可以从这条路过去吗?
  3. I'm counting on you to help me through!
    我正指望你帮忙帮到底呢!
  4. Did you read the book through?
    那本书你看完了吗?

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
all through
  1. 一直地all the way

    I hoped all through you would come back. 我一直希望你能回来。

be through with
  1. 已结束have finished

    Are you through with your work? 你的工作完成了吗?

    I'm through with him,I never want to see him again. 我和他已绝交,永远不想再见到他。

through and through
  1. 完全地completely

    Have you finished your work through and through? 你的工作全部完成了吗?

词汇搭配

经典引文

  • A small front room..and a through room from the passage to the scullery.

    出自:E. Hall
  • She peered through gaps in the shrubbery.

    出自:E. Bowen
  • She climbed in through the window.

    出自:M. Keane
  • Drawing air through their nostrils.

    出自:D. Abse
  • The damp seeped through her thin shoes.

    出自:A. Carter
  • The sun pours in through the big bay window.

    出自:M. Roberts

through的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 在美国,through意为“完了的”,through with意为“关于……完了的”。get through with the examination意为“考试完毕”,但get through the examination(没有with)在英美都意为“考试及格”;
  2. through可作形容词。

    He is through with asking questions.
    他把要问的问题都已问完。
    若将句中的with省去,through仍为形容词,但asking则变成了现在分词。

  3. 在美国,from Monday through Friday意为“从周一到周五,包括周五”,from astronomy through zoology意为“从天文学到动物学的各种科学”;
  4. across和through的区别同on和in类似,across指从表面穿过,而through则指从三维空间中间穿过。

    We walked across the ice.
    We were on the ice.
    I walked through the wood.

词义辨析

prep.(介词)
through, across
这两个介词均可用于“从一边到另一边的动作”。其区别是:
across表示动作是在某一物体的表面进行的; through表示动作是在三维空间进行的,四面八方都有东西。
through, after, at, by, for, from, over, with
这两个词都可表示“按照”“根据”“依照”“依从”。其区别在于:
1.at多接抽象名词; 而by多接具体名词。
2.这两个词都有“按…计算”的意思,不过by用于英式英语; at用于美式英语。
through, throughout
这两个词词义相近,常可互换。前者比后者更强调时间进展的始末,语气也比后者强。
across along over through
这些前置词均有“横过、穿过”之意。
  • across:across指“从……的一边到另一边”,强调横过,多与动态动词连用。
  • along:along指沿着一条直线在水平方向上运动。一般表动态,有时也与静态动词连用。
  • over:over常和动态动词连用,指“从……上面越过”或“横越”;表静态时,指“在彼处”。
  • through:through侧重从一端穿到另一端。
across through cross
都可表示“横过”或“穿过”
  • across:across主要表示从某物的表面“横过”,涉及“面”的概念。
  • 我的家在海港的对岸,九龙公园附近。
  • My house is across the harbour,in the vicinity of the Kowloon Park.
  • 他们住在中央广场的对面。
  • They live across the Central Plaza.
  • 老鼠过街,人人喊打。
  • Everyone shouts "kill it" when a rat is seen to run across the street.
  • through:through则表示从某个空间“穿过”,涉及“体”的概念。
  • cross:crossacross和cross在拼写上仅差一字之微,故很易混淆。它们的区别在于词性和使用场合有所不同。across是介词;cross是动词。
  • 他已越过边界进入别国的领土。
  • He has crossed the border into another territory.
  • 在密西西比河的下游许多拱形铁桥横跨河面。
  • Many steel arch bridges cross the Mississippi in its lower reaches.
  • 他们已东渡去日本了。
  • They have crossed over to Japan.

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句: this has been seen in the endless stream of bills through parliament.

    纠正: this has been seen in the endless stream of bills passing through parliament.

    翻译:这可从议会中通过的的层出不穷的法案中看出。

    分析:through前应搭配动词使用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左入进右英语,直接源自古英语的thurh,意为穿越,通过。

through的相关资料:

正版词典

through : 穿过…;通 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • through:through prep. 穿过, 通过, 从开始到结束, 经由, 以adv. 从头到尾, 自始至终, 直达地, 彻底, 完全adj. 直达的, 直通的Google提供的广告习惯用语all throu…

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