gain

  基本词汇  
[ɡeɪn]     [ɡeɪn]    
  • n.获得;收益;增益
  • v.获得;到达;增加;获利;(钟、表等)走得快
gained gained gaining gains
new

gain是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 获得;获得物
  2. 增加,增添
  3. 获利;得益
  4. 利润,收益,经济收益;利益,好处;增值
  5. 腰槽
  6. 雄榫上的斜肩
  7. 报酬,奖金
  8. 改进
  9. 盖恩(音译名)
  10. 该隐,《圣经》中亚当和夏娃的长子
v.(动词)
  1. 获得,赢得,得到;使得到
  2. 到达
  3. (钟、表等)走快
  4. 得益,获利,赚钱
  5. 取得进展,得到改善 ,增进健康
  6. 增加,增添,增长
  7. 在...上开腰槽,用腰槽连接
  8. 打胜(战争、官司)
  9. 前进,进步
  10. 争取...(到一边),说服
  11. 吸引, 引起

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 获得,赢得 obtain sth useful, necessary, earned, etc.
  2. vt. & vi. 增加; 获利 have an increase in sth
  3. vt. & vi. (钟表)走快 (of a watch or clock) work too fast (by an amount of time)
  4. vt. 抵达 reach (a place), especially with effort or difficulty
n.(名词)
  1. [U]获益; 增财 the act of making a profit; increase in wealth
  2. [C]利润; 增加 a profit; increase in amount

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
gain : 增益 ...
在 《外教社物理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 利益, 收益 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 增益, 增量 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 增益 ...
在 《外教社管理学英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 增益 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 收益 ...
在 《外教社房地产英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 获利 ...
在 《外教社外贸英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 增益 ...
在 《外教社航空航天英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 收 ...
gain : 利益, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 增益,放大 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 财物的增加 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
gain : 收益 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a quantity that is added;

    "there was an addition to property taxes this year"
    "they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks"

  2. the advantageous quality of being beneficial

  3. the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input

  4. the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating

Verb:
  1. obtain;

    "derive pleasure from one's garden"

  2. win something through one's efforts;

    "I acquired a passing knowledge of Chinese"
    "Gain an understanding of international finance"

  3. derive a benefit from;

    "She profited from his vast experience"

  4. reach a destination, either real or abstract;

    "We hit Detroit by noon"
    "The water reached the doorstep"
    "We barely made it to the finish line"
    "I have to hit the MAC machine before the weekend starts"

  5. obtain advantages, such as points, etc.;

    "The home team was gaining ground"
    "After defeating the Knicks, the Blazers pulled ahead of the Lakers in the battle for the number-one playoff berth in the Western Conference"

  6. rise in rate or price;

    "The stock market gained 24 points today"

  7. increase or develop;

    "the peace movement gained momentum"
    "the car gathers speed"

  8. earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages;

    "How much do you make a month in your new job?"
    "She earns a lot in her new job"
    "this merger brought in lots of money"
    "He clears $5,000 each month"

  9. increase (one's body weight);

    "She gained 20 pounds when she stopped exercising"

gain的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. No pain, no gain.
    不劳则无获。
  2. He has no aspiration for fame or gain.
    他不图名利。
  3. It is not for the love of gain that he does so.
    他这样做并非为了得什么好处。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. It's the first time we've ever had the power to gain knowledge at our fingertips.
    人们第一次有了这样的能力,可以在指尖轻松的获得知识。
  2. After swimming for an hour, he finally gained the shore.
    他游了一小时后,终于到达岸边。
  3. Did you gain weight after you stopped exercising.
    在你停止锻炼之后,你的体重增加了吗?
  4. I did not gain very much by my inspection.
    我这样细看一番收获并不太大。
  5. They gain in security what they lose in liberty.
    他们从安全中得到了他们在自由中所失去的东西。
  6. The clock on my computer gains a minute every day.
    我电脑上的时间每天快一分钟。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. This clock neither gains nor loses.
    这钟不快不慢。
  2. The man gained a lot in the business, but he lost the respect of his friends.
    那个人做这买卖赚了很多钱,但他却失去了朋友们对他的尊敬。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He gained the rank of Colonel.
    他获得上校军衔。
  2. Many countries have gained national independence after prolonged struggles.
    许多国家经过长期斗争而获得了民族独立。
  3. I gained my experience.
    我获得了经验。
  4. To gain a complete mastery of English, one must study very hard.
    要想精通英语就必须刻苦努力。
  5. They gained the game with ease.
    他们很轻松地赢得了这场比赛。
  6. He fought bravely in many battles and gained their respect.
    在多次战役中他英勇作战,从而赢得了大家的尊敬。
  7. He gained the admiration of the whole world.
    他受到全世界的钦佩。
  8. The soldiers fought hard and began to gain ground.
    士兵们奋力作战,开始占领敌军阵地。
  9. The sick man gained ground after being near death.
    那病人在生命垂危之后又挺了过来。
  10. Under strict management his business gained ground.
    在严格的管理下,他的生意有了起色。
  11. He has had a hard time in his new business but he is gaining ground now.
    他起初干这一行时吃了一些苦头,现在有进展了。
  12. The car is gaining speed.
    那辆轿车正在加速。
  13. Within two weeks, she gained five pounds in weight.
    两周内她的体重增加了5磅。
  14. My watch gains two minutes every day.
    我的表每天快两分钟。
  15. The swimmer gained the shore.
    游泳者游到了岸边。
  16. We cut a path through the forest and gained the river next day.
    我们在林中辟出一条小路,于第二天到达河边。
  17. Finally we gained the summit of the mountain.
    我们终于到达了山顶。
  18. Our car gained the main street.
    我们的车子开到大马路上。
  19. Having overcome a lot of difficulties we gained our destination at last.
    克服了许多困难之后我们终于到达了目的地。
  20. 用于be ~ed结构
  21. Nothing can be gained without an effort.
    没有不劳而获的东西。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. His persistence gained him victory.
    他的毅力使他获得了胜利。
  2. Her talent and hard work gained her success as an artist.
    她作为一名艺术家,靠其天资和勤奋获得了成功。
  3. His misfortune gained him much sympathy.
    他的不幸使他得到许多同情。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He put a lot of money into the firm with the hope of gain in the future.
    他在这家公司投资很多,希望以后获得利润。
  2. The gain is greater than the loss.
    收益大于损失。
  3. A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit.
    吃一堑,长一智。
  4. We shouldn't seek after comfort, personal fame and gain.
    我们不应该贪图安逸,追名逐利。
  5. He prefers the public welfare to personal gain.
    他把公众福利放在个人利益之上。
  6. He will do anything for gain.
    只要有利可图,他什么事都干得出来。
  7. He did it as much out of kindness as for financial gain.
    他既是出于好意也是为了经济利益而做了此事。
  8. Gains cannot offset losses.
    得不偿失。
  9. No gains without pains.
    不劳则无获。
  10. His ill-gotten gains have made him a rich man.
    他的不义之财使他成了富翁。
  11. They see gains of five to ten per cent this spring.
    今春他们的利润增长百分之五到百分之十。
  12. A gain in health is a good thing.
    增强体质是一件好事。
  13. The gain in weight of the cattle over a period of weeks was recorded.
    牛在几周的时间内所增加的重量都做了记录。
  14. Increase of wealth is not always a gain to one's happiness.
    财富的增加并非总是幸福的增加。
  15. The baby had a gain of half a pound in weight last week.
    这个婴儿上周长了半磅。
  16. Stocks this week has shown a significant gain over last week's prices.
    本周股票价格比上周显著上扬。
  17. There has been a gain of two cents in the value of the pound against the dollar.
    英镑与美元兑换的比价增加了2美分。
  18. Unemployment was high despite the gains of the civil rights movement.
    尽管民权运动有所进展,失业率仍然很高。
  19. The price of gold fell again today following yesterday's gains.
    黄金价格继昨天回升之后今天再度下跌。
  20. Agriculture has made rapid gains in recent years.
    最近几年农业迅速取得了成效。
  21. We must consolidate and expand our gains in trade.
    我们必须巩固和扩大贸易的收益。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
gain by( v.+prep. )
  1. 通过…而取得进展 be improved by sth gain by sth

    You can only gain by further study.只有更进一步地学习,你才能提高。

    Your side has obviously gained by the change.这一改变对你方显然有利。

    The man supplying the capital expected to gain considerably by the enterprise.提供资金的人期望从企业中得到相当大的收益。

    gain sth by sth/v-ing

    We gain our experience by degrees.我们的经验是逐步得来的。

    He gained entry into the building by means of a bribe to the guard.他通过贿赂卫兵而获准进入大楼。

    He gained his livelihood by teaching English.他靠教英语为生。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    A good command of English can only be gained by constant practice.只有不断地实践才能对英语应用自如。

    There is nothing to be gained by waiting any longer.再等待也没有什么好处。

gain from( v.+prep. )
  1. 从…获得利益 take advantage from gain from sth

    He hopes to gain from his crime.他想靠犯罪牟利。

    They will gain from the training.在那种训练中,他们会有长进的。

    The students gained from military training.学生们在军训中有收获。

    They gained greatly from this experiment.在这次实验中,他们收获很大。

    gain sth from sb/sth

    I gained a good deal of enlightenment from him.我从他那里获得许多启迪。

    I gained a lot from my former experiences.我从以前的经验中受益匪浅。

    Men gained rich experience both from their success and from their failures.人们从成功和失败中获得丰富的经验。

    He gained all this information from books, not from direct experience.这些知识他都是从书本里,而不是从直接体验中学来的。

gain ground( v.+n. )
  1. 前进,取得进步 go forward; make progress

    At last our men began to gain ground, forcing the enemy back towards the river. 最后,我方士兵开始推进,迫使敌人向河边退去。

gain in( v.+prep. )
  1. 在…(方面)增加; 增长 increase in gain in sth

    You gained in wheat but lost in cotton.你们在小麦方面赢利,在棉花方面却亏损。

    He is gaining in weight after his recovery from illness.他病愈以后体重增加了。

    They have gained in strength.他们的力量增强了。

    Alfred is a person who never seems to gain in wisdom, no matter how painful the results of his actions may be.艾尔弗雷德是这样一个人,不管他的行为会产生多么痛苦的后果,似乎都不会使他聪明些。

    gain sth in v-ing

    She has already gained some experience in teaching.她已取得一些教学经验。

gain on〔upon〕( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 gain on〔upon〕通常不用于被动结构。 gain on〔upon〕 sb/sth
  2. 赶上,缩短距离 reduce the distance between oneself and a competitor

    The horsemen were rapidly gaining on their enemy. 骑兵很快就赶上他们的敌人。

    The policeman was slowly gaining on him. 那警察在慢慢地向他逼近。

    The police started chasing the criminals and soon gained on them in their faster car. 警察开始追捕罪犯,他们的汽车开得比罪犯的快,不一会儿便赶上了他们。

    I couldn't go any faster, even though the car behind was gaining on us. 尽管后面的汽车越来越逼近我们,我也没法开得更快了。

    We are gaining upon them.I think we shall soon catch up with them. 我们离他们越来越近了,我想我们很快就会赶上他们的。

    After pumping for one whole night with the water still gaining upon them, the sailors gave up in despair. 水手们抽水抽了整整一夜之后水仍然抽不净,他们便绝望地停下来不干了。

    The second horse is gaining on the leader, and may pass it and win! 第二匹赛马快要追上头匹马了,可能会超过它而取胜!

    The submarine was gaining on us, and a shell landed only a hundred yards or so astern of us. 那艘潜艇向我们逼近,一发炮弹就落在我舰后面大约100码的海上。

  3. 逐渐侵蚀 gradually corrode or erode

    The sea has been gaining on the east coast of England for many years. 多年来海洋不断侵蚀英格兰的东海岸。

    The sea is gaining on the land along the coast. 大海侵蚀着沿岸的陆地。

  4. 超过 outstrip; surpass; exceed

    He continued to gain on the rest of the runners. 他继续跑在其他运动员前面。

    The cyclist is reserving his strength for the last round when he will gain on his opponent. 自行车运动员把力量保留起来,准备用在最后一圈超过对手。

    It is impossible for a small company to gain on the big one while business is so inactive. 商业如此不景气,一个小公司要想超过大公司是不可能的。

    In winter, the night gains on the day. 冬天,黑夜比白天长。

gain over1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 争取过来 win over; convert gain sb ⇔ over

    They have gained him over.他们把他争取了过来。

    They gained him over in the debate.他们在辩论中说服了他。

    They expect to gain over a lot of converts.他们指望能争取许多改变信仰的人。

    The new leader's popularity gained over many members of the opposing party.新领导深孚众望,把反对党的许多成员都争取过来了。

    I don't think you will succeed in gaining him over to our side.我认为你无法将他争取到我们这一边来。

gain over2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 争取过来 win over; convert gain sth over sb

    Tom is trying to gain an advantage over me by getting Dick's support.汤姆想通过得到迪克的支持而胜过我。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • (After long fightyng) bothe parties departed without either greate gain or losse.

    出自:Joseph Hall
  • Greedy as they were of gain, they seldom became rich.

    出自:Ld Macaulay
  • The dull, flat voice gained a trace of animation.

    出自:I. Fleming
  • His ideas on Church Reform..gained him a good deal of respect.

    出自:W. Golding
  • Psychoanalysis..can gain access to the contents of the Unconscious.

    出自:E. Gellner

gain的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. gain表示“获得”时,后可接双宾语。

    Her talent and hard work gained her success as an artist.
    她的天赋和努力使她获得了成功,成为一个艺术家。

  2. earn表示“赚得,赢得”,而gain表示“通过努力而获得有利的东西”。
v.(动词)
  1. gain的基本意思是“获得”,指经过努力或竞争而取得有价值或想要的东西,如成就、经验、荣誉等。引申可表示“增加”“增进”“到达”“(钟表)走快…分钟”等。gain还可表示“抵达”。
  2. gain可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。gain作“获得”解时也可接双宾语。
  3. gain用作不及物动词时后接介词in表示“在某方面有所增长”; 后接介词on或upon表示“接近,胜过或赶上”。
n.(名词)
  1. gain作“盈利”解时是不可数名词,表示抽象意义。gain表示具体的数量、力量等的“增加,增进”“利润”时是可数名词,常可用复数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
gain, achieve, acquire, attain, earn, get, obtain, secure, win
这组词的共同意思是“取得; 获得”。其区别是:
1.除secure是正式用词外,其余各词均为一般用词。
2.achieve主要指取得成功、成就或实现预期目的; acquire主要指逐渐获得知识、能力、荣誉等; attain主要指达到重要目标或获得珍贵的东西; earn凭借功劳赚得或获得工资、报酬、荣誉、赞赏等; gain主要指获得或赢得有一定价值的东西; get指以各种方式获得各种所需或不需之物; obtain指获得所需之物或达到预期目的; secure指得到渴望或竞争性的东西; win指在竞争、比赛、争论或战斗中击败对手而赢得胜利或获得人们的爱戴〔好感〕等。
3.achieve指克服困难之后而获得; acquire, attain, earn指通过努力而获得; gain指通过巨大努力而获得; obtain多指通过长期努力而获得,有时也指无须经过努力; 其他各词不强调通过努力与否; get可指通过各种方式获得; earn还指凭借功劳而赚得; win还指通过作出优异成绩而赢得。
4.achieve强调结果; acquire强调量的增加; attain含有达到完美地步的意味; gain强调所获得之物能够造成的优势; obtain强调愿望得到满足; secure强调有把握或成功地获得。
5.get是这组同义词中的最常用词,可指主动争取,也可指被动接受,有时不一定需要很大努力就能获得; acquire指持续,慢慢地获得,强调过程; 而earn, gain都强调经过艰苦努力而获得的这一结果, gain比obtain所付出的努力还要大些; win则指在竞赛中或战斗中赢得或获得胜利,可以通过努力获得,也可以偶然获得。例如:
He did not get what he had earned他未获得他应得到的东西。
The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.运用语言的能力,只能通过不断练习才能获得。
She gained rich experience in teaching.她获得了丰富的教学经验。
I've got your telegram.我已经收到了你的电报。
We wished to obtain first-hand information.我们要能得到第一手情报就好了。
Industry won him his success.勤奋使他获得了成功。
6.acquire的宾语多为知识、技能等; earn的宾语多为金钱、荣誉等理应得到的东西; obtain的宾语多为期望已久的东西; gain的宾语多为经验、利益、优势、好处等; 而win的宾语则为比赛、战斗等; get的宾语则比较广泛,即既可以是具体的东西,也可以是抽象的事物。例如:
He got what he had earned.他获得了他应得到的东西。
You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.你要用功,以便精通英语。
Our firm has gained a good reputation.我们公司赢得了好名声。
Then I'll go and get you a chair.我去给你拿把椅子来。
At last, he obtained his father's pardon.他终于得到了父亲的原谅。
They won the basketball match.他们打赢了这场篮球赛。
7.这组动词都可跟简单宾语。get, earn, gain, obtain, secure和win可跟双宾语; secure还可跟wh-从句; win还可跟含不定式的复合宾语。此外, gain和win有时还可用作不及物动词。acquire和attain常跟抽象名词。
8.attain常用于庄重场合。win语气比gain强。
acquire obtain gain get win earn secure
这些动词均含“获得、取得、得到”之意。
  • acquire:acquire强调通过不断的、持续的努力而获得某物,也指日积月累地渐渐地获得。书面语用词。
  • obtain:obtain较正式用词,着重通过巨大努力、要求而得到所需或盼望已久的东西。
  • gain:gain侧重指经过努力或有意识行动而取得某种成就或获得某种利益或好处。
  • get:get普通用词,使用广泛,可指以任何方式得到某物,也不一定要经过努力。
  • win:win主要指通过努力、斗争、比赛等而获得胜利。
  • earn:earn侧重指依靠自己的劳动或因付出代价与有功而获得。
  • secure:secure强调要通过努力或竞争,或需要付出代价才能获得所渴望的东西。
advantage benefit interest favour profit gain
这些名词均有“利益、好处”之意。
  • advantage:advantage指因某方面占优势或利用某机会以及对方弱点而获得利益与好处。
  • benefit:benefit普通用词,指通过正当手段从物质或精神方面得到的任何好处或利益。
  • interest:interest作“利益”解时,多用复数形式,既可指集团、群体的利益,又可指个人的利益。
  • favour:favour指在竞争中获得的advantage,也可指狭隘的个人利益。
  • profit:profit着重收益,尤指从物质、钱财等方面获得的利益。
  • gain:gain指获得的物质利益,也暗示不损坏他人利益而得的无形好处。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:he gained excellent sums of money by acting.

    纠正:he gained excellent sums of money by acting.

    翻译:通过表演,他赚了不少钱。

    分析:earn表示“赚得,赢得”,而gain表示“通过努力而获得有利的东西”。这里赚钱用earn。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪期进晚入英语,直接源自中古法语的中古法;最初源自古法语的gaaigne,意为获取,优势。

gain的相关资料:

正版词典

gain : 获胜,得胜 ...
在 《外研社法语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 获得, 增 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
gain : 获得,赢得 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

gain的相关缩略词,共有28

互动百科

  • gain:gain n. 财物的增加, 财富的获取, 利润, 腰槽, 收获vt. 得到, 增进, 赚到, 开腰槽于vi. 获利, 增加习惯用语Ill-gotten gains never prosper. [谚…

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