lead

  基本词汇  
[liːd]     [liːd]    
  • v.引导;领先;带领;过 ... (的生活);导致
  • n.领头位置;主角;榜样;引言;铅
led led leading leads
new

lead是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 指挥,引导,领(导),引领,指引,率领
  2. 领先, 走在最前头,处于首位, 处于领先地位
  3. 诱使
  4. 致使,导致(后果),造成(后果)
  5. 首先出牌,先出(牌),开牌
  6. 用铅包, 被铅覆盖,在...中衬铅
  7. 使过
  8. 用铅框固定(窗玻璃)
  9. 带路,领路
  10. 相通,相连
  11. 通向,通往
  12. 使得出(观点)
  13. 过(活)
  14. 最擅长于
  15. 控制,掌管
  16. 产生,引起, 引致(与to连用),引向
  17. 作为通路
n.(名词)
  1. 铅,铅制品,墨铅
  2. 主角,主要演员
  3. 绳索
  4. 皮带
  5. 领先地位
  6. 领先的程度,领先的距离
  7. 线索,提示
  8. 铅笔心
  9. 导语
  10. 榜样
  11. 【电】导线,引线
  12. 超前量
  13. 领导
  14. 石墨
adj.(形容词)
  1. 最重要的
  2. 领先的,领头的,带头的
  3. 头条的,以显著地位刊载的,刊登在首要位置的
  4. 受指引的,被牵引的
  5. 跑垒员离开所在垒跑向下一垒时离垒最近而得分的

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U]铅 heavy soft metal of dull greyish colour, used for water pipes, in roofing, as a radiation shield
  2. [C][U]铅笔芯 the thin black part of a pencil that marks paper
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 带路,领路,指引 conduct sb by the hand, by touching him, or by a rope, etc.
  2. vt. & vi. 领导 act as chief;direct by example or persuasion;direct the movements of
  3. vt. & vi. 领先 have the first place in
  4. vt. & vi. 诱使 influence or persuade
  5. vt. & vi. 使某人过生活 cause sb to pass, go through, spend (life, etc.)
n.(名词)
  1. [C]领导,榜样 going in front;doing sth first
  2. [S]首位,领先 the position ahead of all others
  3. [U]主角,主要演员 principal part in a play;person who plays this part
  4. [P]线索 a piece of information that may lead to a discovery or to sth being settled

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
lead : 引脚 ...
lead : 步距 ...
在 《外教社数学英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 领导, 引导 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 引导, 领先 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 水铊;引线 ...
在 《外教社测绘学英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 铅 ...
在 《外教社材料学英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 铅 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 铅;矿脉, ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 引导, 率领 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 导线;矿脉 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 潜在 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 主角;主旋 ...
在 《外教社戏曲舞蹈英语词典》 中查看更多...
lead : 龙 ...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an advantage held by a competitor in a race;

    "he took the lead at the last turn"

  2. a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey;

    "the children were playing with lead soldiers"

  3. evidence pointing to a possible solution;

    "the police are following a promising lead"
    "the trail led straight to the perpetrator"

  4. a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead');

    "he takes the lead in any group"
    "we were just waiting for someone to take the lead"
    "they didn't follow our lead"

  5. the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile)

  6. the introductory section of a story;

    "it was an amusing lead-in to a very serious matter"

  7. (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning

  8. an actor who plays a principal role

  9. (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base;

    "he took a long lead off first"

  10. an indication of potential opportunity;

    "he got a tip on the stock market"
    "a good lead for a job"

  11. a news story of major importance

  12. the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine

  13. restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal

  14. thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing

  15. mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil

  16. a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire;

    "it was a tangle of jumper cables and clip leads"

  17. the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge;

    "the lead was in the dummy"

Verb:
  1. take somebody somewhere;

    "We lead him to our chief"
    "can you take me to the main entrance?"
    "He conducted us to the palace"

  2. have as a result or residue;

    "The water left a mark on the silk dress"
    "Her blood left a stain on the napkin"

  3. tend to or result in;

    "This remark lead to further arguments among the guests"

  4. travel in front of; go in advance of others;

    "The procession was headed by John"

  5. cause to undertake a certain action;

    "Her greed led her to forge the checks"

  6. stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;

    "Service runs all the way to Cranbury"
    "His knowledge doesn't go very far"
    "My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"
    "The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets"

  7. be in charge of;

    "Who is heading this project?"

  8. be ahead of others; be the first;

    "she topped her class every year"

  9. be conducive to;

    "The use of computers in the classroom lead to better writing"

  10. lead, as in the performance of a composition;

    "conduct an orchestra; Barenboim conducted the Chicago symphony for years"

  11. lead, extend, or afford access;

    "This door goes to the basement"
    "The road runs South"

  12. move ahead (of others) in time or space

  13. cause something to pass or lead somewhere;

    "Run the wire behind the cabinet"

  14. preside over;

    "John moderated the discussion"

lead的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. She led the way downstairs for us.
    她引着我们下楼。
  2. Our football team leads them by two goals.
    我们的足球队比他们领先两分。
  3. They lead a busy and colourful life on the campus.
    他们在大学里过着忙碌而又丰富多彩的生活。
  4. The quarrel led to a complete estrangement between her and her family.
    这一争吵使她同家人完全疏远了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. She always takes the lead when we plan to do something.
    我们不管打算做什么事的时候总由她来领头。
  2. He's playing the lead in the new play.
    他在新戏中担任主角。
  3. All the children followed his lead.
    所有的孩子都学习他的榜样。
  4. He told an amusing story as a lead-in to the serious part of his speech.
    他讲了一个有趣的故事作他演说中重要内容的引子。
  5. Lead fuses at a low temperature.
    铅在低温下就熔化。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. I need a soft lead pencil.
    我需要一支软铅笔芯的铅笔。
  2. The pencil lead is broken.
    铅笔芯断了。
  3. The stick is weighted with lead.
    这手杖是加铅的。
  4. The leads were laid into the water.
    测深锤放下了水。
  5. He walked on despite all the lead in his body.
    他继续往前走,尽管中了一些枪弹。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. I'll lead, you must follow me.
    我带路,你一定得跟着我。
  2. You lead, and I'll follow.
    你带路,我随后。
  3. She led in the race.
    她在赛跑中领先。
  4. Where does this road lead?
    这条路通到哪里?
  5. Your work seems to be leading nowhere.
    你的工作似乎没有什么效果。
  6. Don't indulge in wild talk, which leads nowhere.
    别漫无边际地空谈了,那不会有什么结果的。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He was leading a horse by the bridle.
    他牵着马的缰绳。
  2. She led the child by the hand.
    她拉着孩子的手走。
  3. His wife, being more aggressive, is able to lead him by the nose.
    他的妻子更厉害,能牵着他的鼻子走。
  4. She is leading the child.
    她正领着孩子走。
  5. A local poor peasant led the soldiers through the forest.
    一位当地贫农领着战士们穿过森林。
  6. Our guide led us through a series of caves.
    我们的向导引导我们穿过一连串的洞穴。
  7. If the blind leads the blind, both will fall into ditch.
    盲人领瞎子,两人都会掉进沟里。
  8. You lead the way and I follow.
    你带路,我跟在你后头。
  9. She has always led the way in fashion.
    她总是领导服装潮流。
  10. A brass band led the regiment.
    该团由一铜管乐队引导。
  11. He leads the class in mathematics.
    在数学方面,他是全班第一。
  12. She leads her class in English.
    她的英语全班第一。
  13. When we are together he always leads me.
    我们在一起时他总是左右我。
  14. The flagship led the fleet.
    旗舰率领着舰队。
  15. The commander led the army in fighting against the enemy.
    指挥官带领部队与敌人作战。
  16. He led a peace movement in the late 1930's.
    他在30年代后期领导和平运动。
  17. He leads the community orchestra.
    他领导这个社区的管弦乐队。
  18. We are leading a happy life.
    我们过着幸福的生活。
  19. He leads a very simple life.
    他过着十分简朴的生活。
  20. He leads a quiet life.
    他过着安静的生活。
  21. She led a rather hard life.
    她过着相当艰苦的生活。
  22. 用于be ~ed结构
  23. A government delegation was led by the Foreign Minister.
    政府代表团是由外交部长率领的。
  24. Children are easily led.
    孩子们易于诱导。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron. + n.
  1. She led him a miserable life.
    她领着他过着悲惨的生活。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adv.
  1. The guard led the prisoner away.
    看守把囚犯带走了。
  2. He led the group out into the garden.
    他把那群人带出室外,来到花园里。
S+~+ pron. +to- v
  1. What led you to think so?
    是什么使得你这样想呢?
  2. The news leads me to believe that they will come.
    这消息使我相信他们会来的。
  3. Such actions lead us to distrust him.
    他的这种行为使我们不信任他。
  4. His trouble led him to drink.
    他的烦恼使他喝起酒来。
  5. This led him to make a deeper analysis of the problem.
    这促使他对问题作更深刻的分析。
  6. What led you to bring up unexpected trouble?
    你怎么会横生枝节的?
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. I am led to believe that he is disloyal to us.
    某些事实使我相信他对我们不忠。
  9. You might have been led to believe that I was joking.
    这或许会导致你我在开玩笑。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. You must keep your dog on a lead in the park.
    在公园里要牵着你的狗。
  2. He has a lead of ten metres over the other runners.
    他比别的运动员领先10米。
  3. The little black horse has a lead of two metres.
    小黑马领先两米。
  4. Please give me a lead.
    请帮我提个头。
  5. We're waiting for the conductor to give us a lead.
    我们正等着乐队指挥给我们做个手势。
  6. It is your lead this time.
    这一回轮到你先出牌。
  7. I'll follow your lead.
    我将效法你。
  8. She is gaining the lead in the race.
    她在赛跑中领先了。
  9. So far she has been in the lead.
    到目前为止,她一直领先。
  10. With him in the lead the others followed suit.
    在他的带动下,其他人也都跟上来了。
  11. He's playing the lead in the new play.
    他在新剧中担任主角。
  12. The cast is excellent from the lead to the bits.
    全体演员,从演主角的到跑龙套的,都很出色。
  13. She is very happy that she is chosen to play the lead in the film.
    她为被选为这部电影的主角而高兴。
  14. The police have several useful leads.
    警察掌握着几条有用的线索。
  15. The police were following up several leads.
    警方正追查着几条线索。
  16. He's short on job leads.
    他缺少寻找工作的门路。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
lead astray (v.+adv.)
  1. 把…引入歧途,引上邪路 tempt sb to do wrong lead sb ⇔ astray

    Such ideas will only lead the world's people astray.这种观点只会把世人引入歧途。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The boy was led astray by bad companions.这个男孩被坏朋友带坏了。

    The unthinking public are easily led astray by the false picture of reality given in television shows.不思考的公众很容易被电视对现实的错误描绘引入歧途。

lead into (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…带入 guide into a place lead sb/sth into sth

    He led us into the room.他把我们引入室内。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The horses were led into the yard.马被牵进了院子里。

  2. 导致 have sth as a result lead sb/sth into sth

    The love of pleasure leads men into vices.贪图享乐使人堕落。

    Behaviour like this will lead you into trouble.这样的行为会给你惹来麻烦。

  3. (道路等)通向 provide a way for sb to enter lead into sth

    This passage leads into the courtyard.这条路通向院子。

    lead sth into sth

    The pipes lead the water into the fields.这些管道把水引到田里。

    Gutters lead the water into the ditch.排水沟把水排到这条水沟里。

lead off (v.+adv.)
  1. 开始 begin, start (a speech, performance, meeting, etc.) lead off

    Who is going to lead off?谁先开始?

    The town band led off by playing the National Anthem.市府乐队首先奏国歌。

    lead sth ⇔ off

    She led off a dance.她领头起舞。

lead on (v.+adv.)
  1. 劝诱,使误信,哄骗 persuade or entice to follow an unwise course of action;mislead lead sb ⇔ on

    If you have no intention of marrying her, you shouldn't keep leading her on.如果你不打算和她结婚,你就不应该继续哄骗她。

    lead sb on to-v

    Salesmen do their best to lead people on to buy things they don't need.推销员竭其所能诱使人们去买那些他们不需要的东西。

lead on to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 引起,导致 give rise to;bring out;cause lead on to sth

    Besides cancer, smoking can lead on to other diseases.除癌症外,吸烟还可引起其他疾病。

lead to (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…带到,领到 guide lead sb to sth

    The bellboy led us to our rooms.旅馆服务员把我们带到了我们的房间。

    He led them to the house.他领他们到那栋房子去。

    He led us to a room upstairs.他把我们带到楼上的一个房间。

    The general led the army to battle.将军把他的部队带到了战场。

    The girl led her little brother to school.那女孩带着小弟弟上学去了。

    The path can lead you to the foot of the mountain.这条小道可以引你们下山。

    This road will lead you to the parking lot.沿这条路走就会到停车场。

    The light led us to the shore.这束灯光把我们引到海边。

    Chance led him to London.他偶然来到伦敦。

  2. (道路)通向 provide a way to reach lead to sth

    All roads lead to Rome.条条道路通罗马,殊途同归。

    This road leads to my home.这条路通向我家。

    A winding path leads to the cave.一条曲折的小道通向山洞。

  3. 导致,引起 cause;have as a result lead to sth

    His failure led to his resignation.他的失败导致他辞职。

    Carelessness often leads to errors.粗心往往造成错误。

    The accident led to many lawsuits.这场事故引起许多诉讼纠纷。

    This is a serious dispute, and could lead to armed conflict.这是一场严重的争执,有可能导致武装冲突。

    This led to great confusion.此事导致很大的混乱。

    I don't think it will lead to a good result.我认为这事不会有什么好结果。

    Virtue leads to happiness.美德使人快乐。

    An ordinary cold can soon lead to a fever.一场普通的感冒很快引起高烧。

    The wording is likely to lead to ambiguity.这种措辞很可能引起误解。

lead up to (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 作为…的准备;导致 be a preparation for or an introduction to

    The report describes the negotiations which led up to the settlement. 这篇报道描述了导致达成协议的谈判的情况。

    We studied the events leading up to the First World War. 我们对引起第一次世界大战的那些事件进行了研究。

    A series of provocations led up to the border war. 一系列挑衅事件导致边境战争。

    My kind words led up to a request for money. 我的同情之言使人们向我要钱。

    Chapter One describes the events that led up to the war. 第一章描述了引起战争的一些事件。

  2. 使话题(渐渐)转向 direct the conversation towards

    His speech was clearly leading up to major announcement of policy. 他的讲演明显地要正式宣布政策。

    That's just what I am leading up to. 那正是我就要说到的一点。

lead with (v.+prep.)
  1. 作为头条报道 start with lead with sth

    We'll lead with the dock strike.我们将以码头工人罢工作为头条新闻。

用作名词 (n.)
take the lead
  1. 占主要地位,领先,带头 set an example for others to follow

    Who will take the lead this time? 这次谁来带头?

    Japan has taken the lead in car production. 日本在汽车生产中居首位。

    It's up to someone to take the lead in condemning these injustices. 得靠某人带个头来谴责这些不公正的行为。

    What flower will take the lead of all? 什么花是花王?

    She took the lead in everything. 她事事带头。

    He took the lead in adopting foreign customs. 他率先采用外国习惯。

    They took the lead in making the experiments. 他们带头做试验。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+名词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • A heavy summons lies like lead upon me.

    出自:Macbeth,Shakespeare
  • The ship went down like lead.

    出自:Coleridge
  • Causing the Clouds to lead in store of rain.

    出自:Joseph Hall
  • One shilling a load is the price..for leading a cart-load of warp.

    出自:W. B. Stonehouse

lead的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. lead做动词使用,可以解释为“引导”,“领导”,如lead him there或者lead somebody to his home;
  2. 短语lead to,解释为“导致”。

    Where does this lead to?
    这会导致什么后果?

v.(动词)
  1. lead的基本意思是“站在别人前头,拉着手加以引导”,强调以领导者身份走在前头,带领别人秩序井然地前进,常含有“指挥、控制”的意味。lead引申可表示“致使,诱导”。
  2. lead可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后可接名词、代词作宾语,也可接双宾语。
  3. lead作“引导”解时往往跟to引起的介词短语作状语或宾语补足语;作“领导”解时可接“in+ v -ing”;lead作“使得”解时可接带to的动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
n.(名词)
  1. lead用作名词作“领导,榜样”解时常与不定冠词a连用;作“首位,领先”解时,常与定冠词the连用;作“线索”解时,常用复数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
lead, lead to
lead的意思是“率领”“引导”;lead to的意思是“导致”“通向”。例如:
He led the allied forces during the war.他在战时领导盟军。
This road leads to the park. 这条路通向公园。
lead up to, lead into
这两个短语的共同意思是“通往”“通向”,其后接表示地点或处所的名词。其区别是:
lead up to含“通向…上”的意味;lead into含“通向…内”的意味。
lead, conduct, direct, guide
这组动词的共同意思是“引导”“指引”。它们之间的区别是:
1.conduct有时表示既做向导又当助手; guide表示带路者熟悉沿途情况,并在领路时加以指点; lead强调走在前面领路,也可指带领他人共同去达到某个目标; direct表示为某人指方向,指出某种途径,但自己并不亲自引路,也表示“指导”别人的事务或活动。例如:
  • He guided them round the Art Show.
  • 他带领他们参观美术展览。
  • I'll lead, you must follow me.
  • 我带路,你一定得跟着我。
  • He conducted a party of tourists to Europe.
  • 他带领着一批游客去欧洲。
  • Tom directed him to the bus stop.
  • 汤姆指点他如何去汽车站。
2.在引申表示“领导”时, guide和lead可互换。
lead, take
这两个词的共同意思是“领”。其区别是:
lead表示“走在前面或牵着手引路”;而take则表示“带去”“伴随”。例如:
  • He led her to the cinema.
  • 他为她带路到电影院。
  • He took her to the cinema.
  • 他带她去看电影。
下面两句意思相同:
  • What led you to believe I was ill?
  • What led you into believing I was ill?
  • 什么使你相信我生病了?
direct conduct guide lead pilot
这些动词都含“引导”之意。
  • direct:direct指为某人指方向,但自己不一定亲自引路,也可表示指导一群人的事或活动。
  • conduct:conduct正式用词,指引导某人去某处,强调亲自带领;也强调监督管理一群有共同目的或目标的人。
  • guide:guide普通用词,可与conduct换用,指引导者与被引导者双方彼此合作,共同努力的关系。
  • lead:lead指走在前面给某人引路或带路,共同去达到某一目标。用于抽象意义时,指在某项活动或运动中起主导和组织作用。
  • pilot:pilot从原义“为飞机、轮船导航”借喻为指亲自带领某人去某处。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 校长领导我们对学校进行建设。

    The schoolmaster leads us to build school.

    The schoolmaster leads us in building school.

    The schoolmaster leads us in building of school.

    lead表示“领导”时,不可跟含不定式的复合宾语,但可跟in短语。

  2. 我从来没有碰到过这样麻烦的事。

    Such a trouble has never been led me before.

    I've never been led such a trouble before.

    lead可接双宾语,转换成被动结构时常用间接宾语作主语。

  3. 什么使他逃跑了?

    What led him run away?

    What led him to run away?

    lead作“使得”“导致”解时,与make(使得)不同,后面要跟带to的动词不定式。

  4. 导游领着我们参观了农场。

    The guide led us to visit the farm.

    The guide led us in the visit to the farm.

    lead表示“带领,引导”,不能跟由动词不定式构成的复合宾语。

  5. 这条小路向下延伸到河边。

    This path leads down the river.

    This path leads down to the river.

    lead作“通向”解时,须接to引起的介词短语表示“方向”。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:there are many poor people who lead bitter life.

    纠正:ther are many poor people who lead a bitter life.

    翻译:有很多穷人过着贫困潦倒的生活。

    分析:lead a life ,过着...的生活,是固定词组,冠词a不能省略,lead a life也可以改成live a life。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的aidn;最初源自西日耳曼语的laithjan,意为引领。

lead的相关资料:

正版词典

lead : 带领,引路 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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