- v. 跑；行驶；运转；运营；持续；蔓延；传播；竞选；遭遇；熔化；褪色；流
- n. 路程；奔跑；趋向
- adj. 熔化的；浇铸的；洄游的
- 参加，同...比赛 ，使比赛
- 使穿过， 刺
- 连续， 一连串
- vt. & vi. 跑 move fast on foot
- vt. & vi. 移动 move or travel in some other way
- vt. & vi. (使)流动 (cause to) flow
- vt. & vi. 操纵; 管理 operate or be in charge of
- vi. 延伸,延续 continue in a particular direction or state
- [C]跑,奔跑 act or period of running on foot
- [U][C]旅行,旅程 instance or period of travelling by car, train, etc.
- [C]行驶路线 route taken by vehicles, ships, etc.
- [C]持续的演出,一连串事件 series of performances, a continuous set of similar events
- [C]时期,一段时间 period or succession; spell
- [U][C]趋势,趋向 tendency or trend of sth
a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely;
"the Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th"
"their first tally came in the 3rd inning"
the act of testing something;
"in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately"
"he called each flip of the coin a new trial"
a race run on foot;
"she broke the record for the half-mile run"
an unbroken series of events;
"had a streak of bad luck"
"Nicklaus had a run of birdies"
(American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team;
"the defensive line braced to stop the run"
"the coach put great emphasis on running"
a regular trip;
"the ship made its run in record time"
the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace;
"he broke into a run"
"his daily run keeps him fit"
the continuous period of time during which something (a machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation;
"the assembly line was on a 12-hour run"
unrestricted freedom to use;
"he has the run of the house"
the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.);
"a daily run of 100,000 gallons of paint"
a small stream
a race between candidates for elective office;
"I managed his campaign for governor"
"he is raising money for a Senate run"
a row of unravelled stitches;
"she got a run in her stocking"
the pouring forth of a fluid
an unbroken chronological sequence;
"the play had a long run on Broadway"
"the team enjoyed a brief run of victories"
a short trip;
"take a run into town"
move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground at any given time;
"Don't run--you'll be out of breath"
"The children ran to the store"
flee; take to one's heels; cut and run;
"If you see this man, run!"
"The burglars escaped before the police showed up"
stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;
"Service runs all the way to Cranbury"
"His knowledge doesn't go very far"
"My memory extends back to my fourth year of life"
"The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets"
direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.;
"She is running a relief operation in the Sudan"
have a particular form;
"the story or argument runs as follows"
"as the saying goes..."
move along, of liquids;
"Water flowed into the cave"
"the Missouri feeds into the Mississippi"
perform as expected when applied;
"The washing machine won't go unless it's plugged in"
"Does this old car still run well?"
"This old radio doesn't work anymore"
change or be different within limits;
"Estimates for the losses in the earthquake range as high as $2 billion"
"Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent"
"The instruments ranged from tuba to cymbals"
"My students range from very bright to dull"
run, stand, or compete for an office or a position;
"Who's running for treasurer this year?"
cause to emit recorded audio or video;
"They ran the tapes over and over again"
"I'll play you my favorite record"
"He never tires of playing that video"
move about freely and without restraint, or act as if running around in an uncontrolled way;
"who are these people running around in the building?"
"She runs around telling everyone of her troubles"
"let the dogs run free"
have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined;
"She tends to be nervous before her lectures"
"These dresses run small"
"He inclined to corpulence"
be operating, running or functioning;
"The car is still running--turn it off!"
change from one state to another;
cause to perform;
"run a subject"
"run a process"
be affected by; be subjected to;
"run a temperature"
"run a risk"
continue to exist;
"These stories die hard"
"The legend of Elvis endures"
"Musical talent runs in the family"
carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine;
"Run the dishwasher"
"run a new program on the Mac"
"the computer executed the instruction"
include as the content; broadcast or publicize;
"We ran the ad three times"
"This paper carries a restaurant review"
"All major networks carried the press conference"
"run an errand"
pass over, across, or through;
"He ran his eyes over her body"
"She ran her fingers along the carved figurine"
"He drew her hair through his fingers"
cause something to pass or lead somewhere;
"Run the wire behind the cabinet"
make without a miss
deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor
cause an animal to move fast;
"run the dogs"
"These dyes and colors are guaranteed not to run"
sail before the wind
cover by running; run a certain distance;
"She ran 10 miles that day"
extend or continue for a certain period of time;
"The film runs 5 hours"
set animals loose to graze
"the heifers run with the bulls to produce offspring"
run with the ball; in such sports as football
travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means;
"Run to the store!"
"She always runs to Italy, because she has a lover there"
travel a route regularly;
"Ships ply the waters near the coast"
pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals);
"Goering often hunted wild boars in Poland"
"The dogs are running deer"
"The Duke hunted in these woods"
compete in a race;
"he is running the Marathon this year"
"let's race and see who gets there first"
progress by being changed;
"The speech has to go through several more drafts"
"run through your presentation before the meeting"
reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating;
"melt down gold"
"The wax melted in the sun"
come unraveled or undone as if by snagging;
"Her nylons were running"
"the sweater unraveled"
- The little boy ran off to get his brother.
- We ran into port for supplies.
- I can't make this machine run properly.
- He has no idea of how to run a business.
- This is unsustainable, in the long run.
- The monsoon will run to the end of the next month.
- Vines run over the ground.
- The disease does tend to run in families.
- Although this approach will probably be effective in the long run, it is unlikely to impact disease transmission in the near future.
- He declared his intention to run for office.
- We had the misfortune to run into a violent storm.
- Tears run down her cheeks as she tells us about her suffering.
- The molten metal was run into a mould.
- Some colours run quickly in the sun.
- If one idles away his time, youth will fade away and life will run out him.
- I had a bad headache and my nose ran a lot.
- Father, please guide them to run for the course of eternal immutability.
- He started off at a run but soon tired and slowed to a walk.
- In the process of explicating this analysis, he had utility dominant in the short run and cost of production in the long run.
- Individuals with this style tend to be very broad in their outwork and look at many alternatives.They focus on the long run.
- The molten metal was run into a mould.
- Rabbits run fast.
- I used to run when I was in the middle school.
- I don't run as fast as you.
- He cannot run because he has a weak heart.
- He ran home in tears to his mother.
- They turned and ran when they saw he had a gun.
- He dropped his gun and ran.
- She ran to meet us.
- When we heard that he was in trouble, we ran to help him.
- Run get the key for me.
- Ade will be running tonight.
- Some of these old cars are still running.
- The trains don't run on Sundays.
- Buses to Oxford run every half an hour.
- Don't touch the engine while it's running.
- The machine runs by electricity.
- The engine is running properly.
- Your new car seems to run very nicely.
- The programme is running smoothly.
- Despite the shortage of drugs and trained staff, they managed to keep the hospital running.
- The new computer has arrived but it won't be up and running until next week.
- Have you left the bath running?
- The baby's nose is running.
- The butter will run if you put it near the fire.
- The wax began to run.
- I'm afraid the colours ran when I washed this shirt.
- I cannot remember how the rest of Hamlet's speech runs.
- I run five miles every day.
- Who was the first man to run a mile in under four minutes?
- The water ran cold when I turned the tap on.
- That old woman's food has run short.
- The well here has run dry.
- The tide was running strong.
- The sea runs high at the sunset.
- They ran short of gasoline.
- That guy's blood ran cold at last.
- During the election, feelings ran high.
- Matters ran smoother than expected.
- Who ran third?
- The horse ran second.
- The children ran races in the park.
- He ran a race with me.
- We won't run this horse in any more races this season.
- Cram ran a fine race to take the gold medal.
- Run the water until it gets hot.
- London Transport runs extra trains during the rush hours.
- They have all learned to run modern farm machines.
- Can you just run the projector to check that it's working?
- Teach me how to run the business.
- Mr. Smith runs a grocery shop.
- Who's running this company?
- They ran the nurseries extremely well.
- Don't try and run my life!
- The little boy can run his own life now.
- The car race will be run at Monte Carlo next month.
- The Grand National Race will be run in spite of the bad weather.
- A rope is run between two posts.
- Cheap trains will be run on Saturdays.
- The school is run by a young headmaster.
- The story runs that she poisoned her husband.
- The story runs that they have been secretly married for months.
- Please run me a nice hot bath.
- They're running a special train to the football match.
- Stop trying to run my life for me!
- The college runs summer courses for foreign learners of English.
- There are frequent trains running between London and Brighton.
- She usually goes for a run before breakfast.
- A cross-country run is a run across the fields.
- Oxford to London is about an hour's run by train.
- The train makes a run of one hundred miles in two hours.
- The boat operates on the Dover-Calais run.
- The boat was taken off its usual run.
- The play had a good run of six months.
- It's just finished its West End run.
- I've had a run of bad luck recently.
- This policy has had a run of success in Africa.
- We've enjoyed an exceptional run of fine weather recently.
- After 40 minutes Spurs scored, against the run of play.
- The run of the cards favoured me.
- Let's go for a run in the car.
- She's different from the general run of students.
- There's been a big run on ice cream during this hot weather.
- The run on the pound forced the government to act.
- England scored 301 runs.
- run about (v.+adv.)
跑来跑去 run here and there
Put your coat on, or you'll catch cold running about.
- run across1 (v.+adv.)
〈主英〉开车送 give a ride to sb
run sb ⇔ across
Don't wait for the bus in this cold weather; I'll get the car and run you across to your mother's.
- run across2 (v.+prep.)
非法地运送… bring or take sth into a country illegally and secretly; smuggle
run across sb/sth
I ran across her in the public library yesterday.
I ran across my old friend Jail in Paris last week.
I ran across a beautiful poem in this book.
我在此书中偶然发现了一首好诗。run sth across sth
He used to run guns across the border.
- run after (v.+prep.)
伺候 perform the duties of a servant for
- run against (v.+prep.)
偶然遇到 meet sb by chance
run against sb/sth
He ran against a wall in the darkness.
While walking on the pavement, he ran against a lamppost.
他正在便道上走着,一不注意撞到电灯杆上了。run against sb
He is running against many competitors in the 100 metres.
Roosevelt ran against Hoover in 1932.1932
Mr. Price risked defeat in running against Mr. Johnson in the last election.
在上次大选中,普赖斯先生冒着失败的风险与约翰逊竞选总统。run against sb
I ran against an acquaintance in the street yesterday.
- run along1 (v.+adv.)
走开 go away
Run along now, all of you!I'm busy now.
Be a good girl and run along,Daddy's busy.
It's late.I must run along.
- run along2 (v.+prep.)
延伸,贯穿 pass or continue in the stated direction, way, etc.
run along sth
The road runs along the river bank.
- run around (v.+adv.)
〈非正〉不忠于配偶 be unfaithful to one's marriage partner, lover, etc.
run around with sb
He was sorry that he had wasted his youth running around with criminal types.
I wish my son wouldn't run around with those hooligans.
Her husband found she'd been running around with another man.
She suspected her husband of running around .
- run at (v.+prep.)
目前为 (usually of trade, a debt, etc.) be presently existing at (a rate of sth)
run at sb
A big fellow ran at me with a knife.
The dog ran at the visitor and bit him.
那条狗突然向来客扑去,并咬了他一口。run at sth
Inflation is running at 25％.
Interest rates are running at record levels.
- run away (v.+adv.)
(使)流走〔流掉〕 (cause to) flow away
She hit the boy and he ran away .
The horse became frightened and ran away .
The enemy broke and began to run away in all directions.
敌人溃散,开始四处逃窜。run away from sth
He hated his stepfather and eventually ran away from home.
In a fit of temper the girl threatened to run away from home if her parents would not let her have her own way.
It is reported that three important criminals ran away from prison last night.
Charlie ran away twice from his boarding school.
He was so unhappy that he tried to run away from school.
Many times Tom said he would run away from school if the teacher would assign too much homework, but he never did.
The candidate tried to run away from controversial issues by pretending to be ill.
There's a hole in my bucket, and the water is running away.
The water ran away through this pipe.
水通过这条管道流走了。run sth ⇔ away
He ran the water away.
- run away/off with (v.+adv.+prep.)
轻易取胜 win easily
run away〔off〕 with sb
The old man was quite depressed, because his second daughter had run away with a young man.
His wife has run off with another man.
Anna's mother has run off with her bank manager.
安娜的母亲和她那位银行经理私奔了。run away〔off〕 with sth
Your education runs away with most of my money.
The new scheme will run off with a lot of taxpayer's money.
这项新计划将用去纳税人许多钱。run away〔off〕 with sth
Don't run away with the idea that I can lend you money every time you need help.
Don't ever run away with the notion that bankruptcy is a joke.
Don't run off with the idea that you needn't do any work, just because you're working for your father.
Don't run off with the grapevine news.
不要轻信那个小道消息。run away〔off〕 with sth
He's run away with all my jewels.
The work was suspended because someone in the office ran away with the plans of the new engine.
Someone has run off with the keys to my safe.
有人偷走了我保险柜的钥匙。run away〔off〕 with sb
Eddie has let his temper run away with him.
Don't let your temper run away with you.
She tends to let feelings run away with her.
Don't let your enthusiasm run off with you.
不要热心得过了头。run away〔off〕 with sth
The girl from Japan ran away with the first set.
- run back (v.+adv.)
倒回 come back to the begin
run sth ⇔ back
Run the videotape back to the point where the ball bounces.
- run back over (v.+adv.+prep.)
回忆过去 review the past
run back over sth
On seeing the picture,I let my thoughts run back over my childhood.
If you run back over the season, you can't pick out a game in which he played badly.
- run down1 (v.+adv.)
(使)虚弱,疲乏 (cause to) become exhausted; be in poor health
That clock ran down hours ago.
The kitchen clock ran down because we forgot to wind it up.
The battery has run down; it needs recharging.
这电池已用完,需要再充电。run sb/sth ⇔ down
The liner ran down a fishing boat in the dense fog.
The careless driver ran down two school boys.
The cyclist was run down by a big lorry.
The old lady carrying a basket of eggs was run down by a taxi when crossing the street.
那位手提着一篮鸡蛋的老太太横过马路时被一辆出租汽车撞倒了。run sb ⇔ down
He's always running me down.
She's jealous of your success; that's why she's always running you down.
She's always running her children down in public.
她总是当着人说自己的孩子不懂事。run sb/sth ⇔ down
The police were trying to run down the escaped prisoner before he had a chance to leave the state.
See if you can run down that book in the library for me.
At last I ran down the book I had been looking for in the library.
The criminal was eventually run down in the woods near his home.
The local steelworks is running down and is likely to close within three years.
当地的这家钢铁厂越来越不景气,有可能在三年内倒闭。run sb ⇔ down
This exhausting work is enough to run everyone down.
I really was run down after working a whole year without a break.
He is quite run down and needs a vacation.
I felt thoroughly run down after work.
- run down2 (v.+prep.)
沿…迅速而下; 顺…流下 pass or move quickly down (sth); (of liquid) flow down (sth)
run down sth
A lorry ran down the hill out of control.
The tears ran down his face.
- run for (v.+prep.)
run for sb/sth
He is going to run for mayor again.
Mr.William wants to run for governor of the state.
He wanted very much to run for a second term, but owing to poor health he was compelled to give it up.
他非常想竞选连任,但由于健康状况不佳,他被迫放弃了这一念头。run sb for sth
They are running Mr.Green for the House of Representatives.
他们提名格林先生参加众议院竞选。run for sth
The play ran for six months on Broadway.
Election campaigns in Britain run for three weeks.
- run in (v.+adv.)
拘捕并带往派出所 arrest and take to a police station
Would you run in and bring my ball?
As soon as Mary opened the door, the dog ran in.
There's water still running in; you can't have mended the roof property.
Let's run in and see out parents this morning.
今天早上咱们开车去看望一下父母亲吧。run sb ⇔ in
I will run you in if the bus isn't going into the town because of the snow today.
如果今天公共汽车因为下雪不送你进城的话,我会开车送你去的。run sth ⇔ in
I'm running my new car in.
Don't drive your new car too fast until you've run it in.
新汽车未经磨合运转不要开得太快。run sb ⇔ in
The police run the two drunks in for causing a disturbance in the street.
You've no cause to run me in,I've done nothing.
He was run in for being in possession of drugs.
- run into (v.+prep.)
把…刺入 push sth sharp into
run into sth
It's snowing, run into the room.
The ship has to run into the harbour when the sudden storm arises.
This river runs into the Atlantic Ocean.
这条河流进大西洋。run into sb/sth
I just happened to run into an old friend in a hotel.
When I ran into a problem while making my model airplane I asked Uncle Mark for help.
当我在制造飞机模型遇到问题时,就向马克大叔请教。run into sth
We ran into the country today and had a wonderful day.
我们今天到乡下转了一圈,玩得很愉快。run sb into sth
Uncle will ran us into town to buy a color TV set.
叔叔将开车送我们进城买彩电。run into sth
My father's income runs into six figures.
That dictionary has run into six editions.
Car repairs can run into a lot of money.
汽车修理费加起来可能要一大笔钱。run into sth
The taxi ran into the back of my new car.
The bus got out of control and ran into a wall.
公共汽车失去控制而撞在墙上。run sth into sth
Paul got out of control of his car and ran it into a lamppost.
保罗没能把汽车控制住,结果把它撞到路灯柱子上去了。run into sth
After a promising start, the company ran into trouble.
公司起先很有生气,但之后便陷入了困境。run sb/sth into sth
My wife has run me into despair.
His wild extravagance is running his family into red.
Taking risks like that might run the firm into debt.
冒那样的风险会使公司欠债。run sth into sb/sth
Mind you, don't run the needle into your finger.
- run off1 (v.+adv.)
劳累过度 become tired through too much activity
When the temperature reaches melting point; the metal runs off as a liquid and flows into special modules.
当温度达到熔点时,金属就变成液体流出,并注入特殊的铸模中。run sth ⇔ off
The oil in your engine looks very dirty, get the garage to run it off.
你的发动机里的油看上去很脏,叫车行的人替你把油放出来。run sth ⇔ off
He ran a batch of mimeographed sheets off.
I'll run off 100 copies of these booklets.
When you've finished typing this letter, could you run off four copies for me, please?
你打完这封信后,请给我复印四份好吗?run sth ⇔ off
I can run off the list from memory.
I ran off an article for the local newspaper a week during the last summer.
He's a remarkable writer, he can run off a novel in a week.
他是一位非凡的作家,他能在一周内快速写完一部小说。run sth ⇔ off
You're too fat; try and run off all those excess pounds.
你太胖了,要跑跑步减减肥。run one's feet〔legs〕 off
I'm running my legs off, having to look after everything in the village.
- run off2 (v.+prep.)
使某人过于劳累 make sb work too hard, especially actively
run off sth
The rainwater can run off the roof through these pipes.
雨水可以通过这些管道从屋顶上流走。run sb off his feet〔legs〕
I'm sorry I didn't phone earlier but I've been run off my feet today.
- run on1 (v.+adv.)
不停地讲,滔滔不绝 talk continuously
- run on2 (v.+prep.)
涉及,讲到 be concerned with a subject
run on sth
Her talk ran on developments in computer software.
Our talk ran on recent events.
That boy's thoughts are always running on food.
- run out (v.+adv.)
抛弃,背弃 abandon; desert
There was such a demand for the new postage stamps that before midday supplies had run out.
We'd just reached the motorway when the petrol ran out.
Food supplies had run out towards the end of the trip.
在旅行快结束时,食物已经吃完了。run oneself out
He ran himself out in the first few circles.
他才跑了几圈就没力气了。run out of sth
We have run out of rice. Will you buy some at the grain shop nearby?
I'm running out of petrol, so I have to stop at the next filling station.
The soldiers ran out of ammunition and had to withdraw.
Try not to run out of patience with the old lady.She has enough reason to complain.
Mrs. Black ran almost out of hope during the Second World War.
The performing group began well, but seemed to run out of steam halfway through the year.
The contract had run out before Mr. Wells was able to find a new job.
My employment contract runs out at the end of this month.
We'd better do our Christmas shopping, time is running out.
The water is running out.
The salt won't run out if it's too damp.
The milk runs in at this end of the bacterial filter and runs out at the other.
牛奶从细菌过滤器这一头流进去,从另一头流出。run out of sth
The water runs out of the pipe into the bucket.
水从管子里流入桶里。run sb out of sth
They ran him out of town.
If you refuse to leave of your own free will, the boys will run you out of town.
如果你拒绝自动离开,小伙子们将把你赶出城去。run out on sb
Poor Mary!Her husband has run out on her.
Mr.Perkins ran out on his poor wife.
Don't run out on your friends when they are in need of your help.
- run over1 (v.+adv.)
撞倒,撞翻并轧过其身体的一部分 knock down and wound sb or damage sth with a vehicle
run over to sth
Will you run over to the shop and get some butter?
Let's run over to the Browns' this evening.
今天晚上咱们开车去布朗家吧。run sb ⇔ over to sth
Don't get a bus,I'll run you over to the theatre.
The water in the Yangtze River this summer rose rapidly and almost ran over.
You can't pour any more water into that cup, it will run over.
你不能再往那只杯子里倒水了,会溢出来的。run sb/sth over
Slow down, you might run someone over.
Drunk drivers run more people over than those who have not been drinking.
He was run over and had to be taken to hospital.
The man was run over by a train and killed.
The old man was nearly run over by a car.
This box looks as if it's been run over by a bus.
- run over2 (v.+prep.)
浏览 look through
run over sth
The river is running over its banks and we shall be flooded.
河水正漫过堤岸,我们要遭水灾了。run over sb/sth
Why doesn't he drive more carefully?He almost ran over that child.
The bus ran over his legs.
The car ran over a duck crossing the road.
The train ran over the bus, killing nine people.
Sledges run well over frozen snow.
雪橇在冻硬了的雪上顺利滑行。run over sth
Just run over your notes before the examination.
He ran over his notes before starting his lecture.
His eyes ran quickly over the letter to see whom it was from.
他在那封信上扫了一眼,看看是谁写来的。run one's eye over sth
He ran his eye over the page.
- run through1 (v.+adv.)
刺穿,刺中 make a hole through sth/sb, as with a sword
Father told me to unblock the pipe to let the water run through.
父亲叫我把管子打通,让水流过去。run sth ⇔ through
Run some clean water through, and then you'll see its true colour.
让一些清水从中流过,你就会看清它的真正颜色了。run sb/sth through
The ruffian threatened to run his victim through if he did not hand over all his money.
- run through2 (v.+prep.)
(使)快速移动,(使)随意移动 (cause to) move quickly or freely
run through sth
Running through the forest in the dark, the boys were greatly afraid.
孩子们在黑暗中穿过森林,心里非常害怕。run through sth
The river runs through several underground caves which store the water for the city's use.
这条河流经几处贮存城市用水的地下蓄水池。run sth through sth
Run lots of soapy water through the pipe to clean it.
用大量的肥皂水把管子里面冲洗干净。run through sth
She could run through a year's salary in a week if you let her.
Here is ten pounds, when you've run through that, let me know, and I may let you have some more.
He soon ran through all his father's money.
他很快把父亲的钱全给挥霍掉了。run through sth
We've got a few minutes before the train goes, so I'll just run through your instructions again.
I think I've grasped your main proposals, but would you mind running through them once again?
I'll just run through this list of figures with you.
我来和你很快地看一遍这个数目表。run through sth
Let's run through the first scene again.
Let's run through the exercises orally before writing them down.
这些练习咱们先口头做一遍,然后再写下来。run through sth
A feeling of sadness runs through his poetry.
A keen humour runs through the writings of G.B. Shaw.
一种强烈的幽默感贯穿在萧伯纳的作品中。run through sth
An alarming thought kept running through my mind.
A shudder ran through his body as he died.
他死的时候浑身颤抖了一下。run sth through sth
He ran his fingers through his hair in confusion.
- run to (v.+prep.)
〈主英〉驱车(送某人)去… drive (sb) to a place
run to sth
I can't run to that new car.
My money won't run to a holiday abroad this year.
今年我的钱不够到国外度假。run to sth
My new novel has already run to three impressions.
It is estimated that the casualties may run to more than ten thousand killed and wounded.
The boundary runs to the south of that forest.
边界线延伸到那片森林的南部。run to sth
You are running to fat.
The ball ran to the boundary.
球向边线滚去。run to sth
Would you like to run to the harbour to look at the ships?
你想不想开车到码头看看船?run sb to sth
Can I run you to the station?
- run up1 (v.+adv.)
(使)增长 incur a bill or debt
run sth ⇔ up
They ran up the national flag on the queen's birthday.
Seeing a ship on the horizon, we ran up a flag of distress.
看到地平线上出现一艘船,我们连忙升起遇险信号旗。run sth ⇔ up
Jill ran up a costume for the party on her sewing machine.
I ran this dress up in one evening.
His debts ran up alarmingly.
The sales of the book ran up.
这部书的销量激增。run sth ⇔ up
She ran up a large phone bill.
Packing will bring us more money, because the special packing will run up the price of the item.
- run up2 (v.+prep.)
迅速地登上; 沿…迅速地移动 move quickly up sth, as by running; move quickly along sth
run up sth
He ran up the stairs three at a time.
I got out of breath running up the hill from the station.
A sudden pain ran up her leg.
The insect ran up my leg.
- run up against (v.+adv.+prep.)
run up against sb/sth
I ran up against Bill in the market.
I ran up against a glass door and hurt my head.
In the dark,I ran up against a cupboard.
The firm ran up against strong competition.
I thought we would be successful, but we ran up against a lack of money.
We ran up against some unexpected opposition.
- run with (v.+prep.)
流满 be covered with
run with sth
The streets were running with blood after the massacre.
His face was running with sweat.
- at a run
- by〔with〕 a/the run
迅速下降 declining quickly
- get〔have〕 the run of
得到准许充分使用… get permission to make full use of sth
- give the run of
准许(某人)充分使用… give (sb) the permission to make full use of sth
give sb the run of sth
He's given our children the run of his garden.
- in the long run
从长远来看,终究 ultimately; eventually
- in the short run
从短期来看,在短期内,不久 for the near future
- on the run
奔逃,逃跑 fleeing from pursuit or capture
- run for one's money
满足 reward, interest, enjoyment, etc., especially in return for effort
- run a hotel 经营一家旅馆
- run all the way 一路跑
- run blockade 冲破封锁
- run business 经商
- run company 经营公司
- run counter to 违反,与…背道而驰
- run errands 供差遣
- run extra train 增开加班列车
- run grocery shop 经营杂货店
- run horse 策马
- run machine 操纵机器
- run projector 开放映机
- run race 赛跑
- run risk 冒险
- run sb's life 主宰某人的生活
- run school 管理学校
- run water 放水
- run blindly 盲目地经营
- run easily 容易管理
- run efficiently 有效地管理
- run eventually 最后达到
- run frantically 狂乱地跑
- run infallibly 必然地逃走
- run noiselessly 悄悄地跑
- run obediently 驯服地操作
- run rapidly 快速地跑
- run readily 准备跑
- run regularly 整齐地跑
- run safely 安全地跑
- run serially 连续地跑
- run slowly 缓慢地跑
- run smoothly 平稳地移动
- run speedily 快速地移动
- run successfully 成功地经营
- run swiftly 迅速地移动
- run about 跑来跑去
- run along 跑开,走掉
- run around 到处乱跑,合得来,关系密切
- run away 跑掉,逃跑
- run back 跑回
- run down 流下来,疲惫不堪
- run in 快速进入
- run off 走开
- run on 滔滔不绝往下说
- run out 用完,满期,告终
- run away from sth 摆脱某事
- run away with 不受…约束
- run down to 延伸至,伸展到
- run out on sb 抛弃某人
- run up 迅速上升
- run up against 达到,遇到,和…冲突
- run up to 达到,向…跑去
- run across 穿过,碰到
- run after 追逐…
- run after a bus 追赶公共汽车
- run against 反对
- run one's head against the wall 把头往墙上撞
- run at 冲向,扑向
- run between 在…之间定期往返
- run between the two cities 往来于两城之间
- run down 很快跑下,倾泻
- run down the stairs 跑下楼梯
- run for 竞选,跑去找
- run for Congress 参加国会议员竞选
- run for dear life 拼命跑
- run for office 竞选公职
- run for the President 竞选总统
- run from 从…伸展
- run from the field of battle 临阵脱逃
- run in the 3000 metres 参加三千米赛跑
- run into 偶然碰见,撞见,碰到,跑进,陷入,撞
- run into an old friend 偶遇老朋友
- run into danger 遇到危险
- run into trouble 碰上麻烦
- run on 涉及
- run on a problem 涉及某问题
- run over 浏览,匆匆复习,略述,溢出
- run round the house 围着房子跑
- run through 花光,穿过,浸透,略谈,浏览,勾销
- run through the mountain 穿山而过
- run to 伸展到,跑到…,累积,寻求…的帮助
- average run 普通人
- brief run 暂时畅销
- common run 普通人
- considerable run 销路很好
- extra run 增开一班次
- good run 畅销
- hurried run 匆匆跑
- last run 最后一班
- long run 长期演出
- non-stop run 直达航线
- railroad run 火车路程
- after a run of 一连串的…
- at a run 跑步
- by the run 猛然,马上
- during a run of 在…时间内
- for a run 跑步
- off run 不再航行
- on run 在航线上
- on the run 逃跑,奔波
- out of the run 不寻常的事
- to a run 跑起来
- with a run 突然下降
Mr. Pickwick..took two or three short runs..and went slowly and gravely down the slide.出自： Dickens
The spring salmon run is the most important.出自：Trout Salmon
He ran faster now, sweating and panting.出自： R. C. Hutchinson
Running fast on long..legs across the..playground.出自： G. Greene
Carley turned..and ran out of the flat.出自： I. Colegate
The train was puffing into the station; they had to run to catch it.出自： M. Wesley
- run short, run short of
- 这两个短语都是“快用完”的意思。前者相当于不及物动词,主语一般为物,以主动形式表示被动意义; 后者相当于及物动词,其主语为人或部门, of后接表示时间或钱、物的名词。例如:
- The flour is running short.
- We have run short of flour.
- run away, escape, flee, fly
- 这组词(组)都有“跑开”“逃跑”“逃亡”的意思。其区别在于:escape多表示逃跑后的结果(如未被捕获,并不指逃跑的动作); flee表示逃跑的行为本身,常含有“惧怕”的意味。例如:
- Many people fled the burning hotel.许多人逃离了着火的旅馆。
- There was evidence that the burglars had been frightened and had fled.有证据说窃贼是受惊之后仓皇逃走的。
- Why did the sportsman fly his country?为什么那个运动员叛逃到国外去呢?
- run away多用于口语,指不让人知道,有时含有“不辞而别”的意味。例如:
- He ran away twice from his boarding school.他两次从寄宿学校出走。
- run into, add up to, amount to, come to, count up to
- 1.从构成上说, add up to和count up to是动副介型短语; 而amount to, come to和run into是动介型短语。
- 2.从主语上说, add up to和come to相同,均多为钱、账单、数目等; amount to和run into的主语多为loss, cost, expense, debt, sum等名词; 而count up to的主语则仅限It。例如:
- Our hotel bill added up to〔amounted to,came to〕 300 dollars.我们的旅馆费共计300美元。
- His debts amounted to〔ran into〕 over 3000 dollars.他的债务已高达3000多美元。
- It counts up to 300 dollars.共计300美元。
- 3.从宾语上说, add up to, amount to, come to后一般接数字; 而count up to和run into后除可接数字外,还可接名词。例如:
- It counts up to a considerable sum.合计起来数目相当可观。
- Losses run into six figures.损失高达6位数。
- 4.从使用场合上说, come to最通俗, count up to不常用。
- run, flow, pour, stream
- 1.flow, run, stream和pour都可指液体流动; flow还可指气体流动; pour还可指光线、微粒等倾泻。
- 2.时间上:flow一般指源源不断地、长时间地流动; run既可以是源源不断地、长时间地流动,也可以是流动一段时间; stream和pour多指短时间地流动。
- 3.方向上:指液体流动时, flow是水平流动; run和stream既可水平流动,也可垂直流动; pour是垂直流动。
- 4.流速上:从快到慢依次为pour, stream, run, flow。具体说就是flow是平平稳稳地流动; run比较湍急; stream比run更有力; pour则是“倾泻”。
- 5.flow, stream和pour常用于比喻, run很少用于比喻。例如:
- The river was flowing quietly.河水静静流着。
- She let her hair down so that it flew darkly over her shoulders.她让乌黑的头发披散下来,飘垂到肩上。
- The river runs through hills and fields.河水流经山冈和田野。
- The water runs out of the pipe into the bucket.水自管内注入水桶中。
- Tears were streaming down her face.她脸上热泪滚滚而下。
- The students streamed into the auditorium.学生们络绎不绝地进入礼堂。
- run, gallop, race
- race指与他人比较走得快慢,强调速度上的比赛; gallop多指马全速奔跑,也可指人飞快地跑; run指以一定的速度跑。例如:
- I'll race you to the end of the road.我和你比赛,看谁先跑到这路的尽头。
- Don't bother galloping after the bus, you'll never catch it.别费劲去追赶那辆公共汽车了,你怎么也赶不上的。
- I used to run when I was in middle school.我在中学的时候常常跑步。
- run, manage, operate
- She managed the shop while the owner was away.店主出门去的时候,她照管商店。
- She manages the money very well.她理财有方。
- Mr. Smith runs a grocery shop.史密斯先生经营一家杂货店。
- They ran the nurseries extremely well.他们把托儿所办得很好。
- Her face was running down with tears.
- Tears were running down her face.
- The policeman is running after him.
- The policeman is running behind him.
- She ran to me with a knife.
- She ran at me with a knife.
- The farmer ran up a house.
- The farmer ran a house up.
- The poor woman ran home.
- The poor woman ran a home.
误 I ran across with her in the supermarket yesterday.
正 I ran across her in the supermarket yesterday.
析 run across意为“偶然碰见”,其后可直接接sb/sth。在测验的最后一道题上,我遇到了麻烦。
误 I ran against trouble on the last problem on the test.
正 I ran into trouble on the last problem on the test.
析 run into表示“偶然撞上”“偶然碰到”,宾语可以是困难、危险等, run against 不用于此义。要是他没把孩子拉开,孩子就会被火车轧死了。
误 If he hadn't pulled the child away, the child would have been run down by the train.
正 If he hadn't pulled the child away, the child would have been run over by the train.
析 run over为及物动词短语,意为“碾过,(车辆)轧死”,而run down仅表示“撞倒,撞翻”,不及run over后果严重。他们决定不等钱用完就回家。
误 They decided to go home before their money was run out.
正 They decided to go home before their money ran out.
析 run out意为“用完”,是不及物动词短语,因此,不能用于被动结构。她跑到那里敲了敲门。
误 She ran away to the place and knocked at the door.
正 She ran to the place and knocked at the door.
析 表示“跑”的动作用不及物动词run, run away是“跑掉,逃跑”的意思。河水开始干涸。
误 The river was beginning to run drily.
正 The river was beginning to run dry.
误 I'm afraid the colour will be run when I wash this shirt.
正 I'm afraid the colour will run when I wash this shirt.
误 Who runs for the taxi service in town?
正 Who runs the taxi service in town?
- ☆ 直接源自古英语的rinnan，意为奔跑。
- incur n.
- idle 无目的