command

  核心词汇  
[kə'mɑːnd]     [kə'mænd]    
  • n.命令;指挥;掌握;[计算机] DOS命令 : 引用辅助命令处理器
  • v.命令;指挥;掌握;博得
commanded commanded commanding commands
new

command是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 命令,指挥,控制,掌握,号令,统率
  2. 指挥部,司令部
  3. 指挥权,控制权,支配权
  4. 俯瞰
  5. 运用能力,控制力
  6. 【计、自动化】指令
  7. 视界
  8. 统帅地位
  9. 信号
  10. 部属
v.(动词)
  1. 赢得,博得,得到
  2. 俯临,俯瞰,俯视,居高临下
  3. 拥有(...可供使用),自由使用
  4. 指挥,统率,控制,(下)命令,支配,指令,左右,管理,掌握,统帅,对…有支配权或管辖权
  5. 远望
  6. 应得,值得

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]命令 an order
  2. [U]指挥,控制 the right to command; control
  3. [U]掌握; 运用力,控制力 the ability to control and use
  4. [C]部队,兵团; 指挥部 a military unit under separate control; a group of officers or officials who give orders
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 命令 order; tell (sb) to do sth
  2. vt. & vi. 指挥; 控制 have authority over ; be in control of
  3. vt. 应得,博得,值得 deserve and get
  4. vt. 俯瞰 (of a place) to be in a position that overlooks (and may control)
  5. vt. 掌握,支配 be able to use

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
command : 命令, 指挥 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
command : 命令, 指挥 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
command : 命令, 指挥 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
command : 命令 ...
在 《外教社市场营销英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an authoritative direction or instruction to do something

  2. a military unit or region under the control of a single officer

  3. the power or authority to command;

    "an admiral in command"

  4. availability for use;

    "the materials at the command of the potters grew"

  5. a position of highest authority;

    "the corporation has just undergone a change in command"

  6. great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity;

    "a good command of French"

  7. (computer science) a line of code written as part of a computer program

Verb:
  1. be in command of;

    "The general commanded a huge army"

  2. make someone do something

  3. demand as one's due;

    "This speaker commands a high fee"
    "The author commands a fair hearing from his readers"

  4. look down on;

    "The villa dominates the town"

  5. exercise authoritative control or power over;

    "control the budget"
    "Command the military forces"

command的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. He growled a command to her to stop.
    他咆哮着命令她停下来。
  2. The company commander roared his command.
    连长高声发布命令。
  3. He has a hundred men under his command.
    他指挥一百个人。
  4. The army is under the king's direct command.
    军队由国王直接统率。
  5. She has a large English vocabulary at her command.
    她能灵活运用掌握的大量英语辞汇。
  6. For the first time in years, she felt in command of her life.
    多少年来第一次,她觉得生活掌握在自己的手里。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. The general commanded his men to attack the city.
    将军下令部下攻城。
  2. The general spread out a map to command his army.
    将军摊开地图指挥军队作战。
  3. It's very important to command a certain number of vocabularies.
    掌握一定的词汇量是很重要的.
  4. Great musicians command the admiration of music lovers.
    伟大的音乐家博得乐迷的赞叹。
  5. This great man is able to command everyone's respect.
    这位伟人有资格获得大家的尊敬。
  6. The plight of the famine victims commands everyone's sympathy.
    饥民的苦境值得大家同情。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The general issued a command that all of them should come at six o'clock.
    将军颁布了一道命令,所有的人都要在六点钟到。
  2. He has a good command of French.
    他的法文很好。
  3. The army is under the king's direct command.
    军队由国王直接统帅。
  4. Do you know where's the United Nations Command?
    你知道联合国部队司令部在什么地方吗?
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He was a natural leader, and when he commanded, everyone obeyed.
    他是个天生的领袖,他一下命令,所有的人都服从。
  2. Who commands here?
    这里由谁指挥?
  3. You have no right to command.
    你没有权利指挥。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The captain of a ship commands all the officers and men.
    舰长统率舰上的全体官兵。
  2. I advised him to command his temper.
    我劝他控制自己的脾气。
  3. The British once commanded the seas.
    英国人曾一度控制过这片海域。
  4. His abilities command our respect.
    他的才能值得我们敬重。
  5. Probity and purity will command respect everywhere.
    为人正派到处受人尊敬。
  6. The hill commands a fine view.
    从这座山上可以俯瞰到周围的一片美景。
  7. He cannot command so large a sum of money.
    他不能支配这么一大笔的款子。
  8. He commands a large vocabulary.
    他掌握大量词汇。
  9. Food commands a higher price when it is scarce.
    食物供应不足时,售价较高。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He commanded that all the gates be shut.
    他命令关闭所有的大门。
  2. The general commanded that we should attack at once.
    将军命令我们立即发起进攻。
  3. The pirate chief commanded that the prisoners (should) be shot.
    海盗首领下令将俘虏枪杀。
  4. I command he go at once.
    我命令他立即走。
引出直接引语
  1. “Get down around the ring now,”the man command.
    “现在坐成圆形,”那人命令到。
  2. “Sit down,”he commanded,“and hold out your hands.”
    “坐下,”他命令道,“举起手来。”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. He commanded the soldiers to attack.
    他命令士兵进攻。
  2. The platoon leader commanded his men to fire.
    排长命令战士开火。
  3. The general commanded his men to attack the city.
    那将军命令部下攻城。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • He assumed an absolute command over his readers.

    出自:Dryden
  • The places and commands which he held under the Crown.

    出自:Ld Macaulay
  • The command of a regular brigade of cavalry.

    出自:C. S. Forester
  • He..commanded Paul to be brought.

    出自:Bible (AV): Acts
  • The rule of life which religion commands.

    出自:W. Blackstone
  • 'Go to Liverpool at once,' he commanded.

    出自:J. B. Priestley
  • His Imperial Majesty commands that you stop talking.

    出自:E. O
  • When the next boy commanded him to halt, he at once obeyed.

    出自:T. Capote

command的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. command的基本意思是“具有指挥权的人或神等下令命令某人做某事”,作“指挥,统率”解时,可以作及物动词,也可以作不及物动词。作及物动词接人为宾语时,是下级和三军的下级军官以及全体士兵; 接物为宾语时,可以是船舶、舰艇,制空权、制海权等。此外,宾语还可以是人的自身控制、脾气与激情,金钱、服务的自由使用与支配等。
  2. command用作动词是正式用语,表示“命令,要求”时,一般不用作进行时; 其后可接名词或代词作宾语,接带动词不定式的复合结构和that从句时,从句中的谓语动词应用虚拟式,即“(should+)动词原形”。
  3. command在书面语体中可以引出直接引语,作“命令道”或“用命令的口气说道”解。
  4. command在用作“自由使用金钱”“博得尊重”或“俯视”解时,不能用被动语态。例如:

    那窗户能俯览美好的湖景。误:A fine view of the lake is commanded by the window.正:A fine view of the lake is commanded from the window.

词义辨析

v.(动词)
command, bid, order, tell
这组词都有命令的意思。其区别是:
1.order和bid是及物动词,而command和tell既可作及物动词,又可作不及物动词。
2.order和command一般指上级命令下级; command是权力用语,更强调下命令的人有权威,特别指军官命令士兵; 而order却可以指某个人对他人下命令,如医生嘱咐病人; tell则多用于日常情况,“吩咐”的意味往往大于“命令”。
3.bid态度并不十分强制; command却有“强迫”“命令”“必须服从”的意味; order语气比command弱,不那么正式; tell的语气则更弱。
4.跟动词不定式的复合结构时, bid多不带to,而command和order则须保留to。
5.order还可表示“次序”或“订货”的意思,而command和bid则没有此意。
command, charge, direct, enjoin, instruct
这组词都有“发出命令”的意思。其区别是:
command表示“命令,指挥”,强调强制性; enjoin表示“命令,迫使”,强调权威性,含有督促或警告的意味; direct表示“命令,指示”,强调指示和对指示的遵从; instruct表示“命令,指令”,常可和direct相互换用,但instruct更为正式,多用于商业、官方、外交关系中; charge表示“命令,指示”,为文学用语,侧重布置任务或委以重托。
command order direction instruction
这些名词均含“命令”之意。
  • command:command较正式用词,强调权威性、全局性和强制性。
  • order:order普通用词,侧重指具体的命令。
  • direction:direction正式用词,指口头或书面的指示或命令。内容不一定详尽,语气较缓和,不太强调强制性。也可指指导性的说明。
  • instruction:instruction书面用词,指不容违反、不容推翻的命令。也多指包含具体说明的指示。
order bid command
这些动词均含有“命令”之意。
  • order:order普通用词,多指上级对下级,主人对仆人以及教师对学生等发出的命令,也指态度专横地命令他人。
  • bid:bid与order同义,但较正式,文学意味强,多指口头直接下的命令。
  • command:command话意强,指正式下令,强调下令者的权威性,要求必须服从。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自法语的coamnd,意为命令。

command的相关资料:

正版词典

command : 命令;口令 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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