occur

  基本词汇  
[ə'kɜː(r)]     [ə'kɜːr]    
  • vi.发生;存在;出现;想到
occurred occurred occurring occurs
new

occur是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 存在
  2. 发生
  3. 被发现
  4. 出现
  5. 被想起
  6. 浮现
  7. 想起
  8. 举行
  9. 使想到

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vi. 发生,举行,存在 happen; take place; exist
  2. vi. 被发现,想到〔起〕 be found; come into one's mind

行业释义

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occur : 发生, 出现 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
occur : 发生, 出现 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. come to pass;

    "What is happening?"
    "The meeting took place off without an incidence"
    "Nothing occurred that seemed important"

  2. come to one's mind; suggest itself;

    "It occurred to me that we should hire another secretary"
    "A great idea then came to her"

  3. to be found to exist;

    "sexism occurs in many workplaces"
    "precious stones occur in a large area in Brazil"

occur的用法和样例:

例句

用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. That plane crash occurred only minutes after take-off.
    空难在起飞几分钟后就发生了。
  2. A connection error might occur.
    可能会出现连接错误。
  3. Didn't it occur to you that he was lying?
    你当时没想到他在撒谎吗?

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Such a thing hardly ever occurs.
    这样的事几乎不发生。
  2. A leap-year occurs at every four years.
    闰年每4年一次。
  3. His birthday occurs on 9th May.
    他的生日是5月9日。
  4. It occurs more often in women than in men.
    此事更经常发生在女性身上,较少地发生在男性身上。
  5. The explosion occurred during an exercise near the town.
    在离市镇不远的地方演习时发生了爆炸。
  6. These plants occur only in tropics.
    这些植物只生长在热带。
  7. That sound doesn't occur in his language so it's difficult for him to pronounce.
    他的语言里没有那个音,因此他很难发出。
  8. Misprints occur on every page.
    每一面都有印刷错误。
  9. The word “gratitude” did not occur on Napoleon's personal dictionary.
    “感激”两字在拿破仑私人词典中是见不到的。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. Few metals occur free.
    金属呈游离态的很少。
  2. Silver occurs natural.
    银是天然存在的。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
occur to (v.+prep.)
  1. …发生在 happen to sb (especially of unpleasant events) occur to sb

    I hope no accident has occurred to him.我希望他没出什么事。

  2. 被想起〔到〕 come to mind of (sb/sth) occur to sb/sth

    Such a simple explanation never occurred to me!我从未想到如此简单的解释。

    A wonderful idea occurred to him.他突然想到一个妙主意。

    As soon as that thought occurred to him, he felt worse.一想到那一点,他的心情就变糟。

    It occurred to my mind.我当时想到了这件事。

    His name did not occur to my memory.我当时没有想起他的名字。

    It ~s/ed+to sb+to-v/that-clause

    Didn't it occur to you to close the window?难道你没有想到去关窗户吗?

    Didn't it occur to you to phone them about it?关于这件事你难道就没想到给他们打个电话?

    It occurred to him to tell the colonel of the problem.他想起要告诉上校那个问题。

    It never occurred to me not to endeavor to do so; I was politically minded by nature.我从来没有想到过要打退堂鼓,我天生就是搞政治的。

    It occurs to me that example is always more efficacious than precept.我想到身教重于言教。

    Has it ever occurred to you that this old book might be of great value?你想到没有,这本旧书或许有很大的价值?

    It never occurs to me that he was only acting a part.我从来没有想到,他只是在弄虚作假。

    It never occurred to me that I had seen her before somewhere.我想不起来以前我在哪儿见过她。

    Did it occur to him that lookers-on see most of the game?他可曾想到旁观者清吗?

    It occurred to me that I had left the door unlocked.我忽然想起来忘了锁门了。

    It occurred to her that she might adopt a homeless child.她可能想收养一个无家可归的孩子。

    It occurred to him that he hadn't eaten anything since the night before.他想起他自前天晚上以来一点东西没吃。

    It never occurred to me for a moment you meant that.我一点儿也没想到你是这个意思。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+形容词 副词+~ ~+副词

经典引文

  • That she consented to the novel proposition..was apparent by what occurred a little later.

    出自:T. Hardy
  • The death of a child is one of the most disturbing..events that can occur.

    出自:D. Judd
  • The bombing attack was to occur on July 25.

    出自:P. Fussell

occur的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. occur指“想到”时,后面跟介词to。

    It occurred to me to visit my teacher.
    我想到要去拜访我的老师。

  2. occur指“发生”时,比happen更正式;
  3. occur是不及物动词,不用在被动时态中。
v.(动词)
  1. occur的基本意思是“呈现在视野、思想、意识中”。occur常与介词to连用,意为“发生”“想起”等。
  2. occur一般只用作不及物动词,含有“出乎意料”的意味,不可用于表达意料之中或计划之中的事情,也不与suddenly连用。
  3. occur有时还可用作系动词,接形容词作表语,多表示“存在”。
  4. occur没有被动语态,即使含有被动意义,也须用主动语态来表达。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
occur, happen, take place
这三者均可作“发生”解。它们的区别是:
1.happen和occur往往表示事情的发生带有偶然性, happen是一般用语, occur是较正式用语; take place常指按计划“发生”。例如:
The explosion happened〔occurred〕 during an exercise near the town.在离市镇不远的地方演习时发生了爆炸。
The talk is scheduled to take place tomorrow morning at eight o'clock.预定明早8时举行会谈。
2.当表示具体事情的名词作主语时,用happen和occur都可,如果不是表示具体事情的词则多用happen。在否定句里一般用occur。例如:
These events happened〔occured〕 last year.这些事是去年发生的。
What happened after I left?我走后发生了什么事情?
It didn't occur to him to ask for help.他没想到请别人帮忙。
occur happen take place
三者都表示“发生”,都是不及物动词。
  • occur:occur指“发生”时可与 happen 换用,但后接to sb./sth.时,两者含义不同:;occur to sb./sth. 指“某种思想等呈现于某人的知觉中”。
  • 你难道就没想过给他们打个电话?
  • Didn’t it occur to you to phone them about it?
  • happen:happen指“偶然发生”时,主语为“事”;当主语是“人”时,意为“碰巧”。happen to sb./sth. 指不好的事情发生在某人(物)身上。
  • 他碰巧知道那个地方。
  • He happened to know the place.
  • take place:take place表示“发生”,可与 happen 或occur换用,但其后面一般不接 to sb./sth.结构;指必然会发生的事情时,多用 take place;此外take place 还可表示“举行某种活动”。
  • 一九一九年,中国发生了五四运动。
  • In 1919, the May 4th Movement took place in China.

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我突然想起我还没有及时交论文。

    It occurred me suddenly that I had not handed in my paper.

    It occurred to me that I had not handed in my paper.

    occur是不及物动词,后面不能直接接宾语,表示“…被某人想起”,应该用It occurs〔occurred〕 to sb 结构。另外, occur也不与suddenly连用。

  2. 会发生第三次世界大战吗?

    Do you think there will occur a World War III?

    Do you think there will be a World War III?

    “发生战争”一般不用occur,而用be。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:often a quarrel is occurred because of the water shortage.

    纠正:often a quarrel occurs because of the water shortage.

    翻译:缺水经常引起争吵。

    分析:occur是不及物动词,不用在被动时态中。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1520年左右进入英语,直接源自中世纪法语的occurrer;最初源自拉丁语的occurrere:ob 对(着,相反) + currere (跑),意为跑上前去,反方向跑,降临。

occur的相关资料:

正版词典

occur : 发生,存在 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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  • occur:occur vi. 发生, 出现 英英解释:动词occur:1. come to pass同义词:happen, hap, go on, pass off, pass, fall out, come…

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