influence

  核心词汇  
['ɪnfluəns]     ['ɪnfluəns]    
  • v. 影响;感染;<美俚>在(饮料)中加烈酒
  • n. 影响力;影响;权势;势力;有影响的人(或事物)
influenceable influencer influenced influenced influencing influences
new

influence的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 对…产生影响,对有影响,对…有作用,左右,影响,感化,改变
  2. 贿赂,收买
  3. 运动
  4. 加(酒)于饮料中,在(饮料)中加烈酒
  5. 制约,支配
n. (名词)
  1. 影响(力),作用
  2. 有影响的人或物,有权势者
  3. 权势,势力
  4. 感化(力),感应
  5. 支配力,控制力
  6. 喝酒过多,醉酒

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [U]影响; 感化力 an effect on sb/sth without the use of direct force or command
  2. [U]势力,权势 power
  3. [C]产生影响的人〔事物〕 a person or thing that has this power
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 影响,感化 affect

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a power to affect persons or events especially power based on prestige etc;

    "used her parents' influence to get the job"

  2. causing something without any direct or apparent effort

  3. a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do;

    "her wishes had a great influence on his thinking"

  4. the effect of one thing (or person) on another;

    "the influence of mechanical action"

  5. one having power to influence another;

    "she was the most important influence in my life"
    "he was a bad influence on the children"

Verb:
  1. have and exert influence or effect;

    "The artist's work influenced the young painter"
    "She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"

  2. shape or influence; give direction to;

    "experience often determines ability"
    "mold public opinion"

  3. induce into action by using one's charm;

    "She charmed him into giving her all his money"

influence的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Don't let me influence your decision.
    不要让我影响你的决定。
  2. The labour enthusiasm of the workers strongly influenced us.
    工人们的劳动热情极大地感染了我们。
  3. He makes a nice drink for women by influencing orange juice.
    他在橘子汁里加了少量烈性酒即制成了适于女性的爽口饮料。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. His influence is on the ebb.
    他的影响力逐渐在衰退。
  2. This event had a pernicious influence on society.
    这件事情对社会造成了有害的影响。
  3. His parents no longer have any real influence over him.
    他的父母对他不再有任何真正的约束力了。
  4. Mr. Smith is a man of influence in this town.
    史密斯先生是这个镇上有权势的人物。
  5. He has extended his sphere of influence to the world of banking.
    他已把自己的势力范围扩展到金融界。
  6. He is an influence for good.
    他是一个发挥良好作用的人。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Her influence made me a better person.
    她对我的影响使我成为一个更好的人。
  2. Heredity and environment are influences on character.
    遗传和环境都是影响性格的因素。
  3. The moon exerts an influence on the tides.
    月亮影响潮汐。
  4. He is a man of great influence in this town.
    他在这个镇上是很有权势的人。
  5. She has a great influence on the family.
    她对家庭有很大的影响。
  6. His morals and will power entirely lose their controlling influence.
    他的道德和意志完全失去了控制作用。
  7. A teacher has great influence over his pupils.
    老师对自己的学生具有很大的影响。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. The weather influences the crops.
    天气会影响农作物。
  2. How does politics influence the university?
    政治对大学会产生什么影响?
  3. The labor enthusiasm of the workers strongly influenced us.
    工人们的劳动热情强烈地感召了我们。
  4. 1
  5. It's all too easy to be influenced by our parents.
    我们容易受父母的影响。
  6. Many people are easily influenced and a smart politician can lead them by the nose.
    很多人容易受他人左右,高明的政客可以牵着他们的鼻子走。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. Outside factors influenced him to resign.
    外界因素促使他辞职。
  2. 1
  3. He was influenced by his teacher to take up the study of medicine.
    他是受了老师的影响才学医的。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • What euill starre On you hath frown'd, and pourd his influence bad?

    出自: Spenser
  • One of the leaden influences on me of the planet Saturn.

    出自: J. Ruskin
  • Store of ladies, whose bright eyes Rain influence.

    出自: transf.
  • Expenditures to 'influence' city council.

    出自: E. W. Bemis
  • Bhindranwale was a magnetic speaker and he influenced a lot of local people.

    出自:Femina

influence的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. influence意为“影响”或“感化”时,后面可接upon或on。

    This example has great influence upon /on young people.
    这个事例对年轻人有重大的影响。

  2. 区别下面两个句子:前者用over表示一种权力,可控制人。后者用with,仅表示对那个人有影响力,只能暗中左右他。

    Mike used to have great influence over that man.
    Mike used to have great influence with that man.

词义辨析

v. (动词)
influence, affect
  • 这两个词的共同意思是“影响”。其区别是:
  • 1.affect着重指一时的“影响”; 而influence则往往指对行为、性格、观点等较长时间的、潜移默化的“影响”。
  • 2.表示不良影响时只能用affect,不能用influence。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期期进入英语,直接源自古法语的influence,意为星光对于人性格和命运的影响;最初源自古典拉丁文语的influentem(influere的现在分词):in (进入) + fluere (流),意为流进。
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