[həv]     [həv]    
  • aux. 已经
  • vt. 有;吃;得到;从事;允许;雇用;享有
  • n. [常用复数]富人,有产者,有钱人;富国
had had having has



v. (动词)
  1. vt. 有; 拥有 possess; own; keep
  2. vt. 进行,从事 engage in
  3. vt. 享有,经历,患 experience; enjoy or suffer; suffer from
  4. vt. 吃; 喝; 抽(烟) eat; drink; smoke
  5. vt. 雇用 hire
  6. vt. 心存,怀有 own (sth such as some feeling)
  7. vt. 收到; 得到; 接受 receive or obtain
  8. vt. 邀请,接待 invite; receive
  9. vt. 使,让,招致 cause sth to be done or happen; be affected in some way; experience or suffer


  1. a person who possesses great material wealth

  1. have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense;

    "She has $1,000 in the bank"
    "He has got two beautiful daughters"
    "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"

  2. have as a feature;

    "This restaurant features the most famous chefs in France"

  3. go through (mental or physical states or experiences);

    "get an idea"
    "experience vertigo"
    "get nauseous"
    "receive injuries"
    "have a feeling"

  4. have ownership or possession of;

    "He owns three houses in Florida"
    "How many cars does she have?"

  5. cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition;

    "He got his squad on the ball"
    "This let me in for a big surprise"
    "He got a girl into trouble"

  6. serve oneself to, or consume regularly;

    "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"
    "I don't take sugar in my coffee"

  7. have a personal or business relationship with someone;

    "have a postdoc"
    "have an assistant"
    "have a lover"

  8. organize or be responsible for;

    "hold a reception"
    "have, throw, or make a party"
    "give a course"

  9. have left;

    "I have two years left"
    "I don't have any money left"
    "They have two more years before they retire"

  10. be confronted with;

    "What do we have here?"
    "Now we have a fine mess"

  11. undergo;

    "The stocks had a fast run-up"

  12. suffer from; be ill with;

    "She has arthritis"

  13. cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner;

    "The ads induced me to buy a VCR"
    "My children finally got me to buy a computer"
    "My wife made me buy a new sofa"

  14. receive willingly something given or offered;

    "The only girl who would have him was the miller's daughter"
    "I won't have this dog in my house!"
    "Please accept my present"

  15. get something; come into possession of;

    "receive payment"
    "receive a gift"
    "receive letters from the front"

  16. undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);

    "She suffered a fracture in the accident"
    "He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"
    "She got a bruise on her leg"
    "He got his arm broken in the scuffle"

  17. achieve a point or goal;

    "Nicklaus had a 70"
    "The Brazilian team got 4 goals"
    "She made 29 points that day"

  18. cause to be born;

    "My wife had twins yesterday!"

  19. have sex with; archaic use;

    "He had taken this woman when she was most vulnerable"



用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. A country must have the will to repel any invader.
  2. The police have absolute proof of his guilt.
  3. Have a glass of beer to rinse your dinner down.
  4. We will have pork chops for dinner.
  5. We have a right to a living wage.
  6. You will have your reward in the fullness of time.
  7. To do this job, you must have a degree in English.
  8. I have five years` experience of office work.
  9. We can't have that sort of thing happening.
  10. She won't have boys arriving late.
  11. But Chi might have hired a killer to murder them.
  12. We have taken on extra staff to cope with the increased workload.
  13. Children and adult shall have equal rights.
  14. Vehicles coming from the right have priority.


用作助动词 (aux.)
had better
    最好would find it wiser to (do)
have (got) to
    必须,不得不be forced to; must
have only to
    只需要only need
用作动词 (v.)
have about〔around〕1 (v.+adv.)
    在身旁或在家中有(某人或某物) have (sth or sb) near one, as in one's home as an ornament or companion
    have sb/sth about〔around〕

    Don't go away,I like having you around!


have about〔around〕2 (v.+prep.)
    对…有(某种看法或感觉) possess (thoughts or feelings) towards (sb, sth, or doing sth)
have one's wits about one
    警觉,保持头脑清醒 keep head clear
have against (v.+prep.)
    有某事对…不利 be (a disadvantage) to (sb)
have a bias against (v.+n.+prep.)
    对…有反感 detest sb/sth or doing sth
    have a bias against sb/sth/v-ing

    Some people have a bias against foreigners.


    Many people have a bias against smoking.


have designs against (v.+n.+prep.)
    对…有不良企图 have a plot to sb/sth
    have designs against sb/sth

    The country has no ulterior designs against any of its neighbours.


    The group had designs against the government.


have at (v.+prep.)
    攻击 have an attack at sb
    have at sb

    The two men had at each other with fits and feet.


have at heart (v.+prep.+n.)
    关心 care
    have sth at heart

    They always have the interests of the people at heart.


    In offering these suggestions for improvement,I must explain that I only have your interests at heart, believe me.


have back (v.+adv.)
    重新获得 regain
    have sth ⇔ back

    When can you let me have back the money that I lent you?


have a good excuse for (v.+n.+prep.)
    对…有一个好的理由 have a good reason for sth
    have a good excuse for sth

    He didn't have a good excuse for his absence so he made up one.


have to thank for
    把…归咎于,为…责怪某人 lay the blame on sb
    have sb/oneself to thank for sb/sth

    Who do we have to thank for the broken window?


    I have no one to thank for all my suffering except myself.


    He had only himself to thank for his loss.


    You've got John to thank for your cold.He caught it first then passed it onto everyone.


have in (v.+adv.)
    把(某人)召到家中做某事 invite sb into one's home to do sth
    have sth ⇔ in

    Do we have enough wine in for the dinner party?


    have sb ⇔ in

    He had his friends in for coffee on Sunday afternoon.


    Do you want to have the doctor in to see your father?


have act or part in (v.+n.+prep.)
    参与 take part in
    have act or part in sth

    Some of the servants also had act or part in the robbery.


have a complaint in (v.+n.+prep.)
    在…有病 be ill in sth
    have a complaint in sth

    The baby has a complaint in the back.


have difficulty in (v.+n.+prep.)
    有…困难 be difficult in sth or doing sth
    have difficulty in sth/v-ing

    She has difficulty in action.


    He has difficulty in studying English.


have a hand in (v.+n.+prep.)
    参与,与…有关系 join in; have a relation with sth
    have a hand in sth

    Do you think she has a hand in it?


have one's heart in (v.+n.+prep.)
    〈非正〉害怕,沮丧 be afraid of; be disappointed at
    have one's heart in sth

    As I went into the examination room,I had my heart in my boots.


    She literally had her heart in her mouth when she stole the watch.


have one's origin in (v.+n.+prep.)
    起源,来源 stem from
    have one's origin in sth

    The rumour has its origin in the papers.


have one foot in the grave
    将死,离死不远 be dying
have the game in one's hands
    有必胜的把握 be sure of success
have had it
    失去生命; 已失去机会 be dying; lose an opportunity
have it
    找到答案; 想出办法 get the answer; find a way
    have it that-clause

    I have it on the best authority that we will be paid for our work next week.


    have it sth

    Bobby must have it his way and play the game by his rules.


    have it that-clause

    Rumors have it that the school was burned down.


    have it

    Mary wanted to give the party at her house, but her mother wouldn't have it.


    have it

    When the senators vote, the ayes will have it.


    have it

    “I have it!”said John to Mary,“We can buy mother a nice comb for her birthday.”


have it coming
    〈口〉应得… deserve sth, often bad
have it in (v.+pron.+prep.)
    本身有能力 possess the ability (to do sth)
    have it in sb

    Such a system is fine for those who have it in them to succeed.


have it in for (v.+pron.+adv.+prep.)
    〈口〉想伤害某人; 想与某人过不去 intend to cause sb harm or trouble
    have it in for sb

    The corporal seems to have it in for me; that's the third time he's put me on a charge this month.


    One of the teachers really has it in for Charlie—she shouts at him all the time.


have it said
    允许说,允许称 allow a statement
have an abhorrence of (v.+n.+prep.)
    厌恶 detest sb/sth
    have an abhorrence of sb/sth

    He has a great abhorrence of medicine.


    Most people have an abhorrence of snake.


have the advantage of (v.+n.+prep.)
    知道…所不知道的事 know much that one doesn't know
    have the advantage of sth

    He had the advantage of a good education.


    The hovercraft has the advantage of being able to move straight upwards like a helicopter.


    have the advantage of sb

    You have the advantage of me.


have the appearance of (v.+n.+prep.)
    有…的样子 be similar to
    have the appearance of sb/sth

    He has the appearance of a rustic fellow.


    It had the appearance of the 18th century church.


have an attack of (v.+n.+prep.)
    患一次… have illness
    have an attack of sth

    He had an attack of cold.


have a bellyful of (v.+n.+prep.)
    〈非正〉受够了… have enough of sth
    have a bellyful of sth

    I had a bellyful of your silly advice.


    He had a bellyful of practical jokes.


    I have a bellyful of your rudeness.


have the best of (v.+n.+prep.)
    从…中得到了大好处 get the benefit from sth
have the best of both worlds
    结合两者的优点 combine the advantage of both sides
have charge of (v.+n.+prep.)
    负责,担任 have responsibility for sth
    have charge of sth

    I will have charge of your class tomorrow, so you must do as I tell you.


    He has entire charge of the matter.


have the foot of (v.+n.+prep.)
    比…迅速 be faster than others
    have the foot of sb

    Jim had the foot of Henry and caught the ball.


have the makings of (v.+n.+prep.)
    有…条件 own the conditions
    have the makings of sb

    He has the makings of a first-rate officer.


    Jack has the makings of a good doctor.


have no brow of (v.+n.+prep.)
    不喜欢 dislike
    have no brow of sb/sth

    I have no brow of such a pedagogic tone.


have none of (v.+pron.+prep.)
    不允许… forbid
    have none of sth

    The teacher said she would have none of Mike's arguing.


    When the fullback refused to obey the captain, the captain said he would have none of that.


have on (v.+adv.)
    计划好,约定,打算 have sth arranged
have on the brain (v.+prep.+n.)
    对…念念不忘 be continually thinking about sb/sth
    have sb/sth on the brain

    Ever since a house a little farther down the road was burgled,Mrs. Everson has had burglars on the brain.

    自从这条街不远处的一家人被抢以来,埃沃逊夫人总是想着强盗 。

    That young fellow has had football on the brain; he talks of nothing else from morning till night.


have cognizance over (v.+n.+prep.)
    指挥 command
    have cognizance over sb

    By invasion time the lieutenant commander had cognizance over a thousand officers and ten thousand men.


have command over (v.+n.+prep.)
    控制 control
    have command over sb/oneself/sth

    He has no command over himself.


    The gun had command over the two beaches.


have an eye to (v.+n.+prep.)
    对…给予注意,打…的主意 be paying attention to (sb or sth)
    have an eye to sb/sth

    Tom always has an eye to business.


have under one's girdle (v.+prep.+n.)
    支配或控制某人 control sb
    have sb under one's girdle

    He tried to have others under his girdle.


have up one's sleeve (v.+prep.+n.)
    手中握有王牌,有应急的妙计 have a good way to deal with sth
    have sth up one's sleeve

    It seems as if he has an ace up his sleeve.


    Mr. Heath believes he has some aces up his sleeve for his final campaign.


    I could tell by his sly look that he had something up his sleeve.


    I'm having this idea up my sleeve for the time being.


    I should be very cautious in any dealing with that fellow, for however honest he appears to be, you can be sure he has something up his sleeve.


have done with
    和…断绝关系 have no connection with sb
    have done with sth

    When you have done with my book, please return it to me.


    have done with sb

    I have done with her.


have fun with (v.+n.+prep.)
    拿…开心 play a joke with sb
    have fun with sb

    The children have quite a lot of fun with that dog.


have no traffic with (v.+n.+prep.)
    与…没有来往 have no connection with sb
    have no traffic with sb

    I should have no traffic with a person of his reputation, if I were you.


have nothing to do with
    和…没有联系 have no connection with
    have nothing to do with sb/sth

    I advise you to have nothing to do with that fellow.


    I have nothing to do with him.


    This matter has nothing to do with him.


have weight with (v.+n.+prep.)
    对…有影响 influence sb
    have weight with sb

    He has great weight with the people.


have a word with (v.+n.+prep.)
    和…谈一谈 speak to (sb) for a short time especially to give or receive advice
    have a word with sb

    I think I'll have a word with the man in private.


    I want to have a word with you after the meeting.



用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词


  • You have only ragged overalls and no hat.

    出自: J. Steinbeck
  • They had more toys than they wanted.

    出自: W. Golding





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