- n. 武力；暴力；力量；影响力；力量大的人或（事物）；权力；（为某目的组织起来的）一群人；军队；部队；武装力量；警察部门；力；风力
- v. 迫使；强迫；强制；使发生；强装（欢笑）；人工催长
- [U]力; 力量; 力气 natural or bodily power; active strength
- [U]武力; 暴力 fierce or uncontrolled use of strength; violence
- [C]影响力; 效力 a person, thing, belief, action, etc., that has strong enough influence to cause widespread changes in a way of living, or that has uncontrollable power over living things
- [P]一群人; 部队; 兵力 a group of people brought together or trained for some kind of action, especially military action
- vt. 强制,迫使,逼迫 make (an unwilling person) doing sth; drive
- vt. 施强力于; 强行促成 use physical force on
- vt. 强作,勉强作出 produce by unwilling effort; produce with difficulty or against nature
- vt. 促成早熟,促成生长 hasten the growth of (a plant) by the use of heat
a powerful effect or influence;
"the force of his eloquence easily persuaded them"
(physics) the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity;
"force equals mass times acceleration"
physical energy or intensity;
"he hit with all the force he could muster"
"it was destroyed by the strength of the gale"
"a government has not the vitality and forcefulness of a living man"
group of people willing to obey orders;
"a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens"
a unit that is part of some military service;
"he sent Caesar a force of six thousand men"
an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists);
"he may accomplish by craft in the long run what he cannot do by force and violence in the short one"
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority;
"the mysterious presence of an evil power"
"may the force be with you"
"the forces of evil"
a group of people having the power of effective action;
"he joined forces with a band of adventurers"
(of a law) having legal validity;
"the law is still in effect"
a putout of a base runner who is required to run; the putout is accomplished by holding the ball while touching the base to which the runner must advance before the runner reaches that base;
"the shortstop got the runner at second on a force"
to cause to do through pressure or necessity, by physical, moral or intellectual means :
"She forced him to take a job in the city"
"He squeezed her for information"
urge or force (a person) to an action; constrain or motivate
move with force,
"He pushed the table into a corner"
impose urgently, importunately, or inexorably;
"She forced her diet fads on him"
squeeze like a wedge into a tight space;
"I squeezed myself into the corner"
force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;
"She rammed her mind into focus"
"He drives me mad"
cause to move by pulling;
"draw a wagon"
"pull a sled"
do forcibly; exert force;
"Don't force it!"
take by force;
"Storm the fort"
- When persuasion failed they used force.
- We'll settle the problem by force if necessary.
- If you do not open the door, I am authorized to enter by use of force.
- It is vain to attempt to root out heresy by force.
- The force of his fall was broken by the straw mats.
- The force of the explosion broke all the windows in the building.
- The law should remain in force.
- She is a force to be reckoned with.
- These guidelines do not have the force of law.
- In 1939 Blitzkrieg defeated the Polish army, which had obsolete Cavalry instead of tanks and an obsolete Air Force.
- Air force units have been ordered to intensify their patrols.
- The armed forces usually consist of the army, the navy and the air force.
- He joined the force twenty years ago.
- The moon exerts a force on the earth.
- Trees break the force of the wind.
- Circumstances force us to adopt this policy.
- No power on earth could force me to do it .
- This will force a system shutdown, whether a user is logged in or not.
- Building a new road here will force house prices down.
- She managed to force a smile.
- It is unwise to force a child's talent.
- He didn't use much force.
- She lacks force.
- Push with as much force as you can.
- He was killed by the force of the blow.
- The police had to use force to hold back the crowd.
- We have renounced the use of force to settle our disputes.
- The force of the explosion broke off all the windows.
- The force of the wind closed the door.
- The force of Gravity makes things fall to earth.
- The force acting on the particle is constant.
- The force of an earthquake can be measured quite accurately.
- Modern wars let loose terrible force of destruction.
- Man is doomed to struggle against the brute force of nature.
- He overcame his bad habits by sheer force of will.
- This aroused creative forces in the popular masses.
- The Chinese ideographs are a unifying force in China.
- The force of public opinion is important.
- The Left and the Right have always been the principal political forces.
- The forces of evil attack us on all sides.
- Nationalism was rapidly becoming a dangerous force.
- The mother was very neat; her daughter learnt to be neat by force of example.
- That boy has been a great force for good in the school.
- She was a powerful force in the woman's movement.
- There is force in what he said.
- Your argument has great force.
- The force of his argument was so great that many people accepted his beliefs as truth.
- Decisions of the Congress have force of law.
- The force of some laws has to be tested in court.
- A poet must carefully weigh the force of each word he uses.
- It isn't always possible, when translating a poem, to keep the complete force of the language in which it was written.
- The commander concentrated powerful forces on the left flank.
- The navy is one of the armed forces.
- General Washington led his forces across the Hudson River.
- The Great Britain was a nation having strong air and sea forces.
- Enemy forces has now built up to a dangerous strength.
- Eighty per cent of the labour force are in work.80%
- The wind might whip up to Force 10 strength.
- We were frightened by the force 12 typhoon yesterday.
- They forced the signing of the Treaty of Wangxia in July 1844.
- The thieves forced the lock of the safe.
- He found the thieves were forcing the lock of the jewel case.
- They forced the Yellow River and thrust into the Dabie Mountains.
- Our troops forced the enemy positions last night.
- He forced his voice.
- The singer had to force her top tones.
- Though he was very angry, he forced a smile.
- The singer's voice wasn't deep enough for the song; he had to force several low notes.
- The safe was forced by the burglars.
- These plants have been forced so that they may be in flower by Christmas.
- Love cannot be forced.
- She forced herself awake.
- Thieves shinned up a drainpipe and forced open the window.
- They forced open the door.
- The window was forced open.
- The money box was forced open.
- They forced the prime minister to resign.
- The soldiers forced the prisoners to give up their arms.
- I forced him to do it.
- They forced the enemy to fall back.
- He forced me to give him the money.
- Nobody could force him to do what he thought was wrong.
- She forced herself not to give way to her emotion.
- But if circumstances force us to fight, we can fight to the finish.
- Don't force yourself to write when you have nothing to say.
- He forced himself to take a long nap.
- Bad weather forced us to postpone our journey.
- Weekend gales forced him to change his plans.
- His arguments forced them to admit he was right.
- She was forced to stop her speech.
- We were forced to think of another method.
- The poor peasant was forced to sell his daughter to the landlord.
- The enemy had been forced to accept their terms.
- Once more the enemy was forced to lie low in the snow.
- The prisoners were forced to work all day.
- They were forced to yield.
- He waited silently, and so I was forced to go on.
- They were forced to leave the town.
- The officer was forced to give orders to open fire at the crowd.
- He drew on me, and I was forced to defend myself.
- Faced with the evidence, the criminal was driven into a corner and forced to confess.
- The army laid siege to the town until the hungry citizen were forced to yield.
- In inky darkness, the men made a forced march of 140 li.
- A forced kindness deserves no thanks.
- The Red Army then made a forced crossing of the Dadu River.
- They made a forced landing near a small village.
- His laughter sounded forced.
- by force
靠武力,强行 by violence
- come into force
开始生效 take effect
- driving force
推动力,驱动力 sb/sth whose influence stimulates others to act
- force of habit
习惯势力 habitual force
- in force
大批地,大规模地 (of people) in large numbers
- join forces
(同…)联合 combine with others for a common purpose
- join the forces
参军 enlist in military service
- put into force
生效,开始执行 become effective or come into operation
put sth into force
It is easier to pass laws than to put them into force.
- use brute force
使用蛮力 try to do sth merely by using force
- force along( v.+adv. )
驱进; 力推; 逼迫 push forward
force sb/sth along
I was forced along, against my wish, by the crowd behind me.
- force back( v.+adv. )
抑制,强忍 restrain sth
force sth ⇔ back
He forced back the strong urge to stroke her.
- force down1( v.+adv. )
用力推下 push sth forcefully down
force sth ⇔ down
After being ill I didn't feel like eating but I managed to force something down.
- force down2( v.+prep. )
用力推下 push sth forcefully down
force sth down sth
We had to force the pipe down a narrow hole to get it through.
- force from( v.+prep. )
从…强取(某物) get (sth) from (an unwilling person)
force sth from sb
They forced a confession from him.
She pretended that she could not hear so that they would not force an answer from her.
The police tried to force the truth from the suspect.
- force into( v.+prep. )
强迫(某人)做(某事) push sb by force into sth
force sth into sth
I can't force the key into this lock; it won't fit.
It's foolish to force your feet into a pair of shoes that are too small for you.
This water is forced into the boiler by the feed pump.
用水泵将水压入锅炉。force sb/sth into sth/v-ing
They forced him into a small boat.
He forced me into bribery.
You will never force him into obedience.
They forced thousands of peasants into their reactionary armies.
They forced David into a small room.
This forced the British fighter planes into the air.
They forced him into signing the paper.
Circumstances forced him into stealing.
Their poverty forced their children into stealing.
They forced the enemy into surrendering.
They were forced into the battle at a place picked by our army.
To save his honour, he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford.
He was forced into crime by circumstances.
The people of that country can never be forced into submission by the invaders.
He was forced into accepting the task.
She was forced into leaving the country.
- force off( v.+prep. )
迫使…离开 make (sb) leave (sth)
force sb off sth
They forced her off her homeland many years ago.
We were forced off the road.
- force on〔onto, upon〕( v.+prep. )
把…强加于… push sth unwanted by force on sb
force sth on〔onto, upon〕 sb
Parents are liable to force their ideas on their children.
I tried to force my suggestion on them.
The teacher has no right to force his own views onto the children.
The imperialists forced a series of unequal treaties upon China.
He didn't want to be paid, but we forced the money on him because we knew he needed it.
They didn't want the war. It was forced on them.
The idea was forced upon us.
- force out (v.+adv.)
把…赶走,挤掉; 迫使…离开,屈服 make (sb) leave, yield, etc.
force sth ⇔ out
Competition has forced out many small firms.
- force out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
从…强取(某物) get (sth) from (an unwilling person)
force sb out of sth
The owner forced the poor family out of the house when they could not pay the rent.
Setbacks can be a good thing, forcing you out of your complacency.
Jim himself was forced out of office on June 29th.
He was forced out of his chairmanship.
他被迫辞去他的主席职务。force sth out of sb
We can force concessions out of him.
They forced a confession out of him.
- force through (v.+prep.)
强行通过 make sth pass by force
force sth through sth
The rider forced his horse on through the storm.
The government forced the bill through parliament against fierce opposition.
- force up (v.+adv.)
迫使提高 make sth rise
force sth ⇔ up
An inflation forces up the cost of living.
This forced the cost of living up considerably.
Prices have been forced up by poor crop.
- break the force 减弱势力
- come into force 开始生效,开始实行
- cut the forces 裁减军队
- develop a force 发展势力
- enter into force 开始生效,开始实行
- gain force 增加力量
- gather force 增加力量
- give force to 使…更有力
- go into force (法律等)生效
- go out of force (法律等)废止
- join a force 参军,入伍
- meet force with force 以牙还牙
- put into force 实施
- remain in force 依然有效
- use force 使用武力
- armed forces 武装力量,武装部队
- brutal force 暴力
- crushing force 破竹之势,势如破竹
- great force 强大的力量
- legalforce 法律效力
- mental force 精神力量
- natural force 自然的力量
- political force 政治力量
- powerful force 强大的势力
- rival force 竞争力,对手
- social forces 各种社会势力
- strong force 强大的力量
- by force of habit 由于习惯
- do sth by force 用暴力(或强迫手段)做某事
- throw with great force 用力扔
- write with force 写得生动有力
- force northward 向北挺进
- force dramatically 出人意料地强行推开
- force financially 经济上迫使
- force gradually 逐渐地打破
- force back 迫使后退
- force down 迫使下降,压价
- force one's horse on 策马前进
- force out 挤垮
- force sth through 强行通过
- force up 迫使上升
- force sth down a narrow hole 用力把某物从狭窄的孔眼里塞下去
- force sth from sb 迫使某人豁出…
- force tears from sb's eyes 使某人流泪
- force sb into doing sth 迫使某人做某事
- force one's way into the room 挤进房间
- force sb off the road 迫使某人离开那条道路
- force one's opinion on sb 把自己的观点强加于某人
- force sb out of office 逼迫某人辞职
- force one's way through the crowd 挤过人群
- force sth upon sb 迫使某人接受某物
As soon as his recovered forces will justify the voyage and journey he will make the passage.出自：Daily News
She tried to force her mind to the contemplation of the new state of things.出自： D. H. Lawrence
He lay in bed until hunger forced him to rise.出自： R. H. Mottram
He was insistent and forced her against her will to get into his car.出自： W. C. Williams
Wit..larded with malice and malice forced with wit.出自：Troilus Cressida , Shakespeare
- force用作名词的基本意思是“力; 力量; 力气”,是不可数名词。引申可表示“控制力”“影响力; 效力”“说服力”等。
- force还可作“部队; 武力; 兵力”解,这时常用复数形式forces作主语时,其谓语动词则既可用复数形式也可用单数形式。
- force是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。常用于被动结构,意为“被迫; 不得不”。force还可接以动词不定式或形容词、副词、介词短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
- force的宾语后接介词“into+ v -ing”表示“强迫某人做某事”; 宾语后接介词on〔upon〕表示“把某事强加于某人”。
- force作为及物动词，解释为“强迫”，“迫使”。一般来说用force somebody to do something,而不是force somebody doing something,接不定式，而不是接动名词。
- by force, by force of
- 两者含义不同:by force意为“靠武力,强行”,而by force of的意思是“借…之力,依据,由于,通过”。例如:
- They occupied by force the whole territory of the country.他们用武力侵占了该国的全部国土。
- By sheer force of will, he fought the urge to interrupt the speaker.他完全凭意志力来控制自己想打断演讲人讲话的冲动。
- forces, army, military, troops
- army泛指“武装部队”时,语气比较正式、庄重,它常指“陆军”; military尤指“陆军”,包括全体战斗人员及工作人员,代表军方区别于政府及其他各部门; forces是集合名词,包括国家的各兵种的所有人员及武器装备; troops较通俗,指部队的全体成员,尤指“陆军部队”,有时专指包括各个较低级军衔在内的队伍,以区别于上级指挥官。例如：
- They are determined to build up a modern army and navy.他们决心创建一支现代化的陆军和海军。
- The military took control of the government in that country.在那个国家,军方控制了政府。
- The commander concentrated a powerful force on the left flank.司令员把强大兵力集中在左翼。
- The navy is one of the armed forces.海军是武装部队之一。
- They massed well-equipped troops on the frontier.他们在边境上集结了装备精良的军队。
- The troops were drawn up ready for inspection.部队整好队准备接受检阅。
- force, energy, might, power, strength, vigour
- A car needs a lot of power to go fast.汽车高速行驶需要很大动力。
- Every normal, healthy person has power to think.每一个正常、健康的人都有思维能力。
- He hasn't got enough strength to get out of bed.他没有足够的力气下床。
- At last his strength gave out.他的体力终于不支了。
- He has strength of character.他性格坚强。
- Union is strength.团结就是力量。
- We had to use force to get into the house.我们不得不强行进屋。
- Some of them forced their way into our office.他们中有些人强行进入我们的办公室。
- His arguments forced them to admit he was right.他的论据迫使他们承认他是对的。
- The thief forced her to hand over the money.贼强迫她把钱交出来。
- The army fought bravely, but it was crushed by the might of its powerful enemy.军队勇敢地战斗,但最终还是被敌人强大的势力所摧垮。
- They would have little chance to survive against our might.在我们的强大力量面前,他们几乎无法继续生存下去。
- The work was so difficult that it was beyond my might.这项工作太难了,它超出了我的能力。
- The competition is strong and we must study with all our might.竞争是强有力的,我们须尽全力地学习。
- He is full of vigour.他充满了活力。
- force, have to
- 两者都可表示“不得不”。其区别在于:force指主观强迫,包括使用武力迫使某人做某事; 而have to强调由于客观的原因而必须做某事。例如:
- I have lost my key, so I'll have to force an entry.我丢了钥匙,所以只好破门而入了。
- force, make
- 这两个词的共同意思是“迫使”。其区别在于:force所含“暴力威胁”的意味较强; make所含“暴力威胁”的意味较弱。另外, force若跟复合宾语,须接带to的动词不定式; make若跟复合宾语,须接不带to的动词不定式。例如:
- She can't force me to do it.
- She can't make me do it.
- force, compel, constrain, oblige
- 1.compel指使用权力或各种手段迫使对方去做某事或处于某种状态; force主要指用武力或强制的办法去完成某事; constrain指由于受外界压力或环境的影响,迫使某人做某事,也可指受良心、情感或饥饿等方面的内在力量驱使去做某事; oblige则往往是由于客观原因促使某人做某事。例如:
- When he was a young man, he was forced to leave his homeland for political reasons.早在青年时代,因为政治原因他被迫离开自己的祖国。
- You cannot compel good work from unwilling students.你不能迫使不肯学习的学生学习好。
- Cold weather constrained the plant's growth.寒冷的天气抑制了植物的生长。
- I should be obliged if you wouldn't say so.你如果不这样说,我就感谢你了。
- 2.compel和force的主语既可以是人,也可以是物; oblige则一般以人作主语。例如:
- When confronted by such clear evidence, the Senator was forced to eat his words in public.面对如此明白的证据,参议员只得当众收回前言。
- Energy crisis compels fuel conservation.能源危机使人们必须节约燃料。
- The police obliged him to leave.警方要他离开。
- 3.在语气上, compel和oblige较弱; 而force暴力威胁的含义较强。例如:
- He was compelled to do it against his will.他不得不违心地做这件事。
- The school regulations oblige us to be present at school on time.校规要求我们必须按时到校。
- The enemy was forced to get back under our massive blows.在我方的沉重打击下,敌军被迫后退。
- The monopoly capitalists forced the work- ing people to sell their blood.
- The monopoly capitalists forced the work- ing people into selling their blood.
误 These rules are still with force.
正 These rules are still in force.
析 “有效”“有作用”可说be in force, in 不能改成with。新宪法于1867年7月1日生效。
误 The new constitution put into force on July 1,1867.
正 The new constitution was put into force on July 1,1867.
析 put into force作“使生效”解时,应以人作主语。如果物作主语,则使用被动结构。那个贼使用暴力把那个老人的钱抢走了。
误 The thief took the money from the old man with force.
正 The thief took the money from the old man by force.
析 “强行,强迫,凭借暴力”,应该说by force,而不是 with force。我们班与他们班联合举办一个舞会。
误 Our class joined force with their class to hold a dancing party.
正 Our class joined forces with their class to hold a dancing party.
析 “与…联合”,可说join forces with...,其中force必须用复数形式。那一拳之力把他打得晕头转向。
误 The forces of the blow sent him reeling.
正 The force of the blow sent him reeling.
误 The armed force was called in to suppress the riot.
正 The armed forces were called in to suppress the riot.
误 Bob is serving in the U.S. Air Army.
正 Bob is serving in the U.S. Air Force.
析 在英文里,陆、海、空三军分别为:the Army, the Navy, the Air Force,所以误句中的Army应改为Force。
误 The boss forced him work 10 hours a day at that time.
正 The boss forced him to work 10 hours a day at that time.家长们不要强迫子女听从自己的建议。
误 Parents shouldn't force their children take their advice.
正 Parents shouldn't force their children to take their advice.
析 “强迫某人做某事”可说force sb to do sth,用作宾语补足语的动词不定式须带to。
- ☆ 1300年左右进入英语，直接源自古法语的force；最初源自后期拉丁语的fortia(fortis的中性复数名词），意为强壮的军队。