wear

  基本词汇  
[weə(r)]     [wer]    
  • v.磨损;穿戴;使疲劳
  • n.磨损;穿着;耐久性
wearer wore worn wearing wears
new

wear是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 耐用,经用,耐磨,耐久,耐穿,经穿
  2. 使疲乏,使筋疲力尽(与on连用)
  3. 用坏,穿破
  4. 穿着,戴着,挂着,佩着,带着
  5. 【海】转向下风
  6. 留着,有着
  7. 损耗,磨破,磨损
  8. 变旧,穿旧
  9. 呈现
  10. 磨成,磨出
  11. 变光滑
  12. 磨薄
  13. 涂抹
  14. 面露,面带, 面有...色
  15. 留成...的样子,保持...的样子
  16. 升,挂
  17. 打着
  18. 冲刷
  19. 逐渐消逝,逐渐流逝
  20. 保持某种状态
  21. 逐渐变得
  22. 刺激
  23. 使烦躁
n.(名词)
  1. 磨损,损耗,磨坏,消耗,耗损
  2. 服装,穿着,衣服
  3. 耐用性,经久性,耐久性
  4. 穿戴的东西, 佩带物
  5. 佩戴,戴
  6. 流行款式
  7. 穿旧, 穿坏
  8. 使用

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [U] 穿着,戴着,佩戴着 wearing or being worn as clothing
  2. [U] 穿戴的衣物 things for wearing; clothing
  3. [U] 使用,用坏 (damage or loss of quality caused by) use
  4. [U] 耐用性 capacity for continuing to be used
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 穿着,戴着; 蓄,留,搽 be dressed habitually or on some occasion in
  2. vt. & vi. 呈现; 显出 show in one's appearance; have a type of look
  3. vt. & vi. 磨损,变旧,用坏,穿旧 be reduced, weakened, or damaged by continued use, rubbing, etc.
  4. vt. 磨成,擦成; 因不断使用而造成 produce by wear, use, rubbing, etc.
  5. vt. & vi. 保持某种状态 last in the stated condition
  6. vt. 同意,接受 allow or find acceptable

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
wear : 穿, 戴, 磨 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
wear : 穿, 戴, 磨 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
wear : 磨耗 ...
在 《外教社化工英语词典》 中查看更多...
wear : 磨损 ...
在 《外教社地质学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. impairment resulting from long use;

    "the tires showed uneven wear"

  2. a covering designed to be worn on a person's body

  3. the act of having on your person as a covering or adornment;

    "she bought it for everyday wear"

Verb:
  1. be dressed in;

    "She was wearing yellow that day"

  2. have on one's person;

    "He wore a red ribbon"
    "bear a scar"

  3. have in one's aspect; wear an expression of one's attitude or personality;

    "He always wears a smile"

  4. deteriorate through use or stress;

    "The constant friction wore out the cloth"

  5. have or show an appearance of;

    "wear one's hair in a certain way"

  6. last and be usable;

    "This dress wore well for almost ten years"

  7. go to pieces;

    "The lawn mower finally broke"
    "The gears wore out"
    "The old chair finally fell apart completely"

  8. exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress;

    "We wore ourselves out on this hike"

  9. put clothing on one's body;

    "What should I wear today?"
    "He put on his best suit for the wedding"
    "The princess donned a long blue dress"
    "The queen assumed the stately robes"
    "He got into his jeans"

wear的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. The inscription on the stone had worn away.
    刻在石头上的文字已磨损了。
  2. It was a freak of mine to wear pink pajamas.
    穿上粉红色睡衣是我一时的奇想。
  3. All visitors to the site must wear safety helmet.
    到工地的所有参观者必须带上安全帽。
  4. She never wears green.
    她从不穿绿色的衣服。
  5. She was worn down by overwork.
    她因过度劳累而垮了下来。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The insurance policy does not cover damage caused by normal wear and tear.
    保险单内容不包括正常使用所导致的损坏。
  2. The carpet will stand any amount of wear.
    这地毯极其耐用。
  3. Nowadays sportswear isn't only for the gym, it has become popular as informal weekend wear.
    现在运动服已不限于在体育馆中,它在非正式的周末穿着中也很流行。
  4. The carpet will stand any amount of wear.
    这地毯极其耐用。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Cotton is suitable for wear in summer.
    棉制品适宜夏季穿。
  2. My coat has been many years in wear.
    我的外衣已经穿了许多年。
  3. This suit only had a year's wear before it wore out.
    这套西服才穿了一年就坏了。
  4. I want a light suit of wear in a hot country.
    我要一套在气候很热的国家穿的浅色西装。
  5. Those shoes don't look as though they'll survive much wear.
    这些鞋子看来像是不能再穿了。
  6. The shop sells children's wear.
    这家商店出售儿童服装。
  7. Children's wear is down at the other end.
    儿童服装在另外一端。
  8. Do you sell men's wear here?
    你们这儿卖男士衣物吗?
  9. The store has the best selection of beach wear in town.
    这家店铺备有全城最好的沙滩装系列。
  10. Clothing for summer wear is being shown in the shops.
    夏季服装正在各商店展销。
  11. These shoes I bought last week are already showing signs of wear.
    我上星期买的这双鞋已开始出现磨损。
  12. You can see the wear on the corner of the rug.
    你可以看到地毯角上磨损的地方。
  13. The carpet gets very heavy wear.
    这块地毯已严重磨损。
  14. Don't you know needle wear leads to record wear?
    你难道不知道唱针磨损会损坏唱片吗?
  15. There is still a lot of wear left in that old coat.
    那件旧大衣还可以穿很久。
  16. There's a lot of wear in these tyres.
    这些轮胎经久耐用。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. This coat wears better than any I've had.
    这件外套比我所有的衣服都耐穿。
  2. You will find that this colour won't wear.
    你会发现这种颜色不耐久。
  3. The table cloth will soon wear.
    这块桌布很快就要磨破了。
  4. I liked this shirt, but the collar has worn.
    我喜欢这件衬衫,但领子已经磨损了。
  5. That was a friendship that did not wear.
    那是经不起考验的友谊。
  6. Considering his age, he has worn well.
    就他的年龄而论,他并不见老。
  7. These modern concrete buildings have worn badly.
    这些现代的混凝土建筑已经显得破旧了。
用作系动词 S+~+ adj.
  1. The stone steps have worn smooth.
    石阶走久变得光滑了。
  2. The carpet is wearing thin.
    地毯磨得越来越薄了。
  3. My patience is beginning to wear very thin.
    我有些不耐烦了。
  4. Our friendship was already wearing thinner.
    我们的友谊已逐渐淡薄。
  5. Don't you think that joke's wearing a bit thin.
    你不觉得那个笑话没什么意思了吗?
  6. The stock of that fund began to wear low.
    那笔基金的库存逐渐变得少起来了。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He wears an army uniform.
    他穿着军装。
  2. He always wears an old overcoat.
    他总是穿着一件旧大衣。
  3. She wears black clothes since her husband died.
    自从丈夫去世以来她一直穿着黑衣服。
  4. Many of them wore colourful national costumes.
    他们很多人都穿着色彩鲜艳的民族服装。
  5. She was still wearing her thick coat.
    她仍穿着厚上衣。
  6. She wore black shoes.
    她穿着黑鞋。
  7. You'd better wear a hat today.
    今天你最好戴帽子。
  8. The fisherman was wearing a straw hat and had a strip of oil cloth round his middle.
    那个捕鱼人头上戴着草帽,腰间围着一块油布。
  9. The short lady wore a white shawl over her shoulder.
    那个身材矮小的女士肩上披着一条白色的围巾。
  10. The police wore his badge proudly.
    这位警察自豪地佩戴着警徽。
  11. She was wearing a gold ring.
    她戴着一枚金戒指。
  12. Is it compulsory to wear seat belts when you're driving?
    你开车的时候必须系上安全带吗?
  13. Some of the girls wore ribbons in their hair.
    有些姑娘头上扎着缎带。
  14. He wore a pearl pin stuck in his black tie.
    他那黑领带上别着一个珍珠别针。
  15. An operator wearing earphone was sitting in the telephone exchange.
    戴耳机的接线员正坐在总机室里。
  16. He wore dark glasses to protect his eyes from the strong sunlight.
    他戴墨镜以防强烈的阳光刺伤眼睛。
  17. The man wears wig.
    那个人戴着假发。
  18. Does he wear a beard?
    他留胡子吗?
  19. She wore braids which hung beside her ears.
    她留着两条小辫子,垂挂在耳旁。
  20. That evening the children wore lipstick and rouge, they looked like dolls.
    那天晚上,孩子们搽了口红,看起来像洋娃娃。
  21. She was wearing a pleasant smile.
    她脸上带着愉快的微笑。
  22. Her face wore a look of mischief.
    她的脸上带着一副调皮的神情。
  23. He wore an extraordinarily solemn expression.
    他脸上带着异常严肃的表情。
  24. He wore an expression such as I had never seen before.
    他脸上的表情是我从未见过的。
  25. Mr. Ben's face wore rather a puzzled expression.
    本先生脸上露出一种极为迷惑不解的神情。
  26. She wore an angry frown.
    她皱着眉,一脸生气的样子。
  27. Sometimes he wears his heart on his sleeve.
    有时他感情外露。
  28. Stanley was wearing his heart on his sleave in his latest book.
    斯坦利在其最近作品中处处表露自己的心情。
  29. The town wears an empty look.
    这个城镇看上去空无人烟。
  30. The house wore a neglected look.
    这房子给人一种没人照料的印象。
  31. The building wore a dilapidated look.
    这建筑显得要倒塌的样子。
  32. The house wore an air of sadness.
    这屋子有一种凄惨的气氛。
  33. The well-kept buildings here still wears an ancient gravity.
    这里保护得好的建筑物仍然带着古老庄严的气派。
  34. I wear an overcoat to rags.
    我把外衣穿破了。
  35. Walking wore a hole in my shoes.
    经常走路使我的鞋磨出个洞。
  36. You've worn a hole in your sock.
    你的袜子已经磨出了一个洞。
  37. The villagers had worn a path through the fields.
    村民们在田里踩出一条小径。
  38. The water had worn a channel in the rock.
    水把岩石冲出一道沟。
  39. This is a good idea, but I don't think he will wear it.
    这是一个好主意,可我认为他不会同意。
  40. He wanted to sail the boat alone but his parents wouldn't wear it.
    他要独自驾船航行,但他父母不肯。
  41. Who wears the trousers in your house— you or your wife?
    你们家谁当家——是你还是你妻子?
  42. 用于be ~ed结构
  43. His trousers had been worn into holes.
    他的裤子已经穿破了。
  44. The broom has been worn to the stump.
    这扫帚已经用秃了。
  45. The steps have been worn by the tread of many feet.
    这台阶人走得多了,都磨损了。
  46. In time a path was worn across the fields.
    经过一段时间,一条穿过这田地的小径被踏出来了。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. Many women wear their hair short nowadays.
    现在,很多妇女留短发。
  2. He wore his beard short.
    他把胡子留得很短。
  3. I've worn the seat of this skirt thin.
    我已经把这条裙子的臀部磨薄了。
  4. The stream wore the stones smooth.
    溪流把石头都磨光滑了。
  5. 用于be ~ed结构
  6. The coat is worn threadbare.
    这件外衣已经穿旧了。
  7. The church steps had been worn smooth by the feet of the people who came to pray.
    教堂的台阶已经被去祈祷的人的脚磨平了。
  8. The stones had been worn smooth by the constant flow of water.
    这些石头经流水不断冲刷,已经很光滑了。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
wear and tear
  1. 损坏,损耗 damage, deterioration, strain, etc. caused by ordinary useThe insurance policy does not cover damage caused by normal wear and tear.保险单内容不包括正常使用所导致的损坏。

    When you calculate the value of the car you must allow for wear and tear. 计算这辆车的价值时,必须考虑到它的损耗情况。

    Any damage will be repaired at our expenses if caused by fair wear and tear. 如果是因使用而引起的毛病的话,任何毛病都由我们维修。

    The wear and tear of machinery had caused them considerable expense. 机器的损耗使他们的开支相当大。

  2. 劳累,劳顿 tiredHe came out all that wear and tear.他的身体垮了。

    He came out all the stronger in spite of the wear and tear during the war. 尽管在战争中遭受磨难,他却变得更坚强了。

用作动词 (v.)
wear away( v.+adv. )
  1. 磨损,磨掉,侵蚀 remove or disappear through constant friction, pressure, etc. wear away

    This staircase is so old that some of the steps have almost worn away.这个楼梯使用年代甚久,好几级台阶已几乎磨平了。

    The hand of the door is wearing away.这门的把手已磨损了。

    The stonework has worn away in places.这石制品已有多处磨损了。

    The grass has worn away from the path near the house.那栋房子附近小道上的草已被踏光了。

    wear sth ⇔ away

    The feet of thousands of visitors have worn away the steps.成千上万游客的脚步磨损了台阶。

    Over the centuries, the sea has worn away the rocks.经过了很多世纪,海水已经把岩石磨光了。

    Water can wear away rocks after a long time, even though the rock is harder.经过漫长的时间水可以侵蚀岩石,尽管这种岩石很坚硬。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The letters on this gravestone have been worn away with time.由于年深日久,墓碑铭文已经被磨损。

  2. 消逝; 衰退 (time, etc.) pass; (vigour, etc.) fade away wear away

    The year is wearing away.一年快过去了。

    Time wore away.时间慢慢过去。

    The long winter night was wearing away.漫长的冬夜逐渐过去了。

    So the evening wore away, and he went to bed.晚上的时间就这样过去,他上床睡觉了。

    She is slowly wearing away; she can't last long.她的体力正在慢慢衰竭,她挨不了多久了。

    He could feel the pain again as the medicine wore away.药性消退后,他又感到疼痛了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    My patience has been worn away.我已忍耐不住了。

wear down( v.+adv. )
  1. 磨损,损耗 become gradually lower, thinner or reduced because of use or friction〔说明〕 wear down作此解时通常不用于进行体。 wear down

    The heels of my shoes have worn down.我的鞋跟磨薄了。

    My shoes have worn down a lot since I started walking so much.自我开始大量步行以来,我的鞋磨得很厉害。

    These rubbers won't wear down easily.这些橡胶很经磨。

    It is a wonder that our teeth are so durable; they never seem to wear down.我们的牙齿怎么会如此结实,它们好像不会磨短。

    wear sth ⇔ down

    I have worn down the point of the pencil.我已磨短了铅笔尖。

    The constant rubbing wore down the surface of the stone.由于经常不断的摩擦,石头的表面已经被磨薄。

    Wind and rain have worn the monument down.风雨磨损了纪念碑。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The soles of my shoes are already worn down.我的鞋底磨穿了。

    My shoes are badly worn down at the heels.我的鞋后跟磨损得很厉害。

    You must buy a new tyre, this one has been worn right down.你得买一只新的车胎了,这只车胎已经完全磨平了。

    The steps have been worn down over the years by all those passing feet.年深日久,台阶已被人们的脚磨损。

  2. (使)衰弱; (使)消耗 weaken or cause sb/sth to be weakened gradually by continuous pressure or opposition; reduce by attrition wear down

    His will is wearing down under the pressure.在压力下他的意志削弱了。

    His defences will wear down after a few weeks in prison.让他在监狱蹲上几个星期,他的抗拒便会减弱。

    wear sb/sth ⇔ down

    Months of illness wore her down.病了几个月使她体力大大削弱了。

    The hectic rush of my daily work is wearing me down.一阵紧张繁重的日常工作快把我搞垮了。

    Looking after high-spirited children can soon wear a person down.照顾兴奋的孩子们能很快消耗人的精力。

    Our endless gunfire will soon wear the enemies down, so that they will yield.我们连续不断的炮击很快会把敌人打垮,使他们屈服。

    His constant talking wears me down.他滔滔不绝的讲话使我感到厌烦。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He returned from the tropics and was worn down by fever.他从热带回来被热病搞垮了。

    She was worn down by overwork.她因过度劳累而垮下来了。

    Overworked, he was worn down by the time he reached 40.因劳累过度,他年方40就心力衰竭。

    His strength has been worn down by illness.由于生病,他的体力削弱了。

  3. 由于坚持而克服 overcome the resistance of (sb/sth) by persistence wear sb/sth ⇔ down

    She knew if she put some pressure on her boyfriend, she would soon wear him down.她知道只要对她的男朋友稍加压力,就能很快说服他。

    After reasoning with him all afternoon, we finally wore down his opposition.我们跟他说道理说了整整一个下午,最后他才表示不反对了。

    He was sure he would eventually wear down her objections to marrying him.他确信他最终一定会慢慢说服她,使她答应嫁给他。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was finally worn down and let her have the book.他最后终于被说服,把书给了她。

  4. 驳倒 defeat (sb or an argument) in speaking wear sb/sth ⇔ down

    Our speaker will soon wear the other speaker down, never fear.我们的演讲者将很快压倒另一位演讲者,不必担心。

    We wore down their opposition after several hours' argument.经过几个小时的论战,我们把他们反对的意见压下去了。

wear off( v.+adv. )
  1. 磨掉,磨损 remove through continuous pressure or friction wear off

    The brightness of the paint has worn off a little.油漆的光泽有些磨损了。

    I bought those new plates cheaply, and the pretty rose pattern has worn off already!我买的那些新盘子倒是便宜,不过那美丽的玫瑰花花纹已经磨掉了!

    wear sth ⇔ off

    These rough roads soon wear the tread of motorcycle tyres off.这些崎岖不平的路很快把摩托车胎面磨平了。

    The dishwasher has worn the glaze off the china.这些瓷器经常用洗碗机清洗,光泽都消失了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The nap of the coat has been worn off.外衣上的绒毛已经磨掉了。

  2. 逐渐减弱,逐渐消失 diminish gradually in effect wear off

    The effects of the drug began to wear off.药效开始消退了。

    Now that you have taken a pill your headache will soon wear off.既然你已经服了药片,你的头痛很快就会消退的。

    He could feel the wound aching again as the effect of the medicine wore off.随着药性渐渐消失,他又感到伤口隐隐作痛。

    The pain is wearing off.疼痛正在消退。

    The smell of the new paint will wear off in about a week.新油漆味一个星期后便消散了。

    His displeasure wore off.他的不愉快心情逐渐消失了。

    As she got to know people better her shyness wore off.当她开始与人们熟悉起来,她就不那么害羞了。

    The affection between them has worn off, leaving only a sad memory of endless quarrels.他们之间的柔情已荡然无存,留下的只是那充满无止境的争吵的痛苦记忆。

wear on1( v.+adv. )
  1. 时间慢慢地过去,拖拖拉拉地进行 (of time) pass tediously or (of an event) last long in a uninteresting manner〔说明〕 wear on作此解时通常不用于进行体。 wear on

    Time wears on more slowly when you are not interested.当你感到没趣时,时间过得慢些。

    The hours wore on; night came.时间慢慢地过去,黑夜来临了。

    As the afternoon wore on,I found it more and more difficult to keep awake.下午过得很慢,我感到越来越难熬。

    Winter wore on slowly as she waited for his return.她等着他的归来,冬天显得十分漫长。

    As October wore on, the garden lost its fresh colors, and birds quieted down.10月慢慢过去了,花园失去了鲜艳的色彩,鸟儿也安静了。

    As the evening wore on, she became more and more nervous.当晚的时间过得很慢,她越来越紧张了。

    It will probably get warmer as the day wears on.当白昼慢慢来临,天气大约会暖和一些。

    As the years wore on, the man in prison grew old.年复一年过去了,狱中的人也变老了。

    wear sth ⇔ on

    The meeting wore on all afternoon.会议慢吞吞地开了一个下午。

  2. 继续 continue wear on

    The battle wore on through the night.战斗持续了一整夜。

  3. 使恼火,使紧张,使疲倦 make irritate, rub, fray, tire wear sb ⇔ on

    The noise was wearing on him.喧闹声使他感到烦躁。

wear on2〔upon〕( v.+prep. )
  1. 穿〔戴、佩戴〕于… have sth such as a garment or ornament placed on or fixed to wear sth on〔upon〕 sth

    Why do you wear all those gold things on your arms?你为什么要把那些金玩意儿都戴在胳膊上?

    She wore a tall hat on her head.她头上戴了一顶高帽子。

    He was wearing a nameplate upon his left breast.他左胸前佩戴着一张胸卡。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The badge is worn on the breast.这徽章戴在胸前。

    The ring is worn on the middle finger.这戒指戴在中指上。

    An engagement ring should be worn on the right hand.订婚戒指应戴在右手。

wear out( v.+adv. )
  1. 用坏,穿破 make or become useless from continued use or wear wear out

    The machine will soon wear out.这机器即将用坏。

    Children's clothes wear out quickly.孩子们的衣服不耐穿。

    Woolen coats look elegant, but they wear out easily.毛外套看上去很雅致,但它们很不耐穿。

    Those thin shoes will wear out quickly.那些很薄的鞋子很快就会穿破。

    This sort of cloth will never wear out.这种布料永远也穿不破。

    wear sth ⇔ out

    The child needs new shoes, he has worn out his present pair.这孩子需要新鞋,他现在的一双已经穿坏了。

    I have worn my shirt out,I must get another.我的衬衫穿破了,我得再买一件。

    Constant use will wear out any machine.任何机器不停地使用都会用坏的。

    I have already worn these shoes out.这鞋我已经穿破了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    My shoes are worn out.我的鞋子穿坏了。

    If you treat your coat so roughly, it will be worn out soon.你如果这么糟蹋你的外套,它很快就不能穿了。

    The stockings are so worn out that they can't be mended.长袜损坏得太厉害,无法织补了。

    The machinery is worn out and will have to be replaced.机器已经报废,必须要换新的。

  2. (使)筋疲力尽,耗尽 (cause to) tire out; exhaust wear out

    It is better to wear out than rust out.与其懒死,不如累死。

    wear sb/oneself ⇔ out

    You wore him out living and now you are wearing him out dead.他活着的时候你叫他耗尽了心力,他死了你也不放过他。

    Climbing stairs wears me out.爬楼梯爬得我筋疲力尽。

    Hardship and penury wore him out before his time.受穷受苦使他未老先衰。

    Don't wear yourself out by playing too hard!不要玩得太疲倦了!

    If you don't stop working, you'll wear yourself out.如果你再不停止工作的话,你会累坏的。

    She keeps wearing herself out for other people.她总是为他人累得精疲力竭。

    It wore me out to cultivate such a big piece of land.开垦了这么大一片地把我累坏了。

    It wears her out to look after small children for a whole day.一整天照看孩子使她精疲力竭。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I am worn out with the long walk.我因长途跋涉而非常疲惫。

    She had not slept all night and was completely worn out.她整夜未睡,已经疲惫不堪了。

    His work was so exacting that by the end of the day he was worn out.他的工作十分吃力,到一天过完的时候他已经精疲力竭了。

    They were worn out after a long day spent working in the fields.在地里干了一整天之后,可把他们累坏了。

    I am worn out with domestic worry.我被家庭里的烦恼事弄得疲惫不堪。

    Why do I feel worn out after an ordinary day's work at the office?在办公室干一天日常工作后,我为什么会感到筋疲力尽呢?

  3. 逐渐消耗; 逐渐破坏 wear slowly; destroy slowly wear out

    These stains will wear out in the course of time.时间长了,这些污迹慢慢会褪去的。

    After about an hour, my patience began to wear out.大约一个小时以后,我便忍耐不住了。

    wear sb/sth ⇔ out

    This group of tourists wore me out with complaints about food, hotels and weather.这批游客抱怨吃的、住的,还有天气,让我烦透了。

    I have worn out my patience.我的忍耐已到极限。

  4. 时间慢慢地过去 (of time) pass slowly; consume time, etc. wear out

    Winter wears out more slowly every year.冬天一年比一年难熬。

    wear sth ⇔ out

    How can we wear out this dull afternoon?我们怎么能够挨过这无聊的下午呢?

    I hate to think of him wearing out his youth in prison.想到他要在监狱苦度青春,我心里难受。

  5. (折痕)穿着后消失 (a crease) be removed or disappear through wear wear out

    The creases in the jacket will wear out.上衣上的折痕穿着后会消失。

    There are a few creases in the jacket, where it has been folded up in a suitcase, but they will wear out.短上衣有一些皱痕,那是因为叠在手提箱内的缘故,穿一穿后会消失的。

  6. 〈非正〉尽快穿坏(某件衣服)以便换新的 wear a garment so as to get full use from it and finish its use quickly, in order to change to sth new wear sth ⇔ out

    I'm just wearing this old coat out so that I can have a new one sooner.我穿这件旧外套只不过是想尽快地穿坏它,好买件新的。

  7. 〈非正〉痛打(某人) beat sb wear sb ⇔ out

    Let me get at him,I'll soon wear him out!让我来对付他,一会儿便把他打趴下!

    wear sth ⇔ out on sb

    “Sit up you fool”, she said,“before I wear this out on you.”“坐好,你这蠢货,”她说,“免得我用这些东西来好好教训你。”

    If you don't obey,I'll wear this whip out on you.你不听话,我就用这根鞭子把你狠抽一顿。

  8. 过时,变得陈腐 use (an expression) until it is no longer original or interesting wear sth ⇔ out 用于 be ~ed 结构

    This writer usually uses phrases that were worn out fifty years ago.这位作家经常使用50年前就过时的短语。

  9. 不再受欢迎 not be welcome to go to (a place) too many times or too long wear out one's welcome

    He stayed too late and wore out his welcome.他呆得太晚,变得不受欢迎。

    Why doesn't she learn that she has already worn out her welcome?她为什么就不明白她已不再受欢迎了呢?

    The hot weather has worn out its welcome with all of us.热天太长了,我们大家都感到讨厌。

wear through( v.+adv. )
  1. 将(衣物)穿破; 磨出洞 wear a hole in sth; wear sth into a hole wear through

    The bottom of the bucket has worn through after all this time.经过这么长时间,这只桶的底部终于磨穿了。

    wear sth ⇔ through

    I've worn through the elbow of this old coat at last.最后我把这件旧外套的肘部磨出了窟窿。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The knees of these trousers have been completely worn through!这些裤子的膝盖已经磨破了!

wear up( v.+adv. )
  1. 〈非正〉尽量穿 wear (a garment) so as to get full use from it, save better garments and have a reason for buying new ones wear sth ⇔ up

    I do have other coats, but I'm wearing this one up so that I can finish with it and get a new one.我的确还有其他的外套,但我现在要尽量穿这件,以便穿破它之后再买件新的。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+形容词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I want to discourage the..wear to school of tracksuits.

    出自:Daily Express
  • He wore the frock coat and striped trousers of an earlier time.

    出自:G. Vidal
  • I never wear scent.

    出自:New Yorker

wear的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 同样表示“穿”,wear是强调状态的持续,put on是一时的动作。

    In such cold weather I wear my overcoat all day.
    在这样的寒冷天气里,我一整天都穿着外套。

  2. wear和gear都有“佩戴品”的意思,但除了headgear指“头饰”外,gear作为此意已不常用。wear则有footwear,neckwear,underwear等;
  3. 表达“消耗”时,短语tear and wear要比wear and tear更加常用;
  4. 短语wear…to…表示“穿……到……去”,后面不是不定式,而应该接名词。

    He wore this black coat to the meeting.
    他穿着这个大衣去开的会。

  5. 表示“耐穿”时,a cloth that will wear与a cloth that will not wear表达的含义相同。前者表示“一种耐穿的布”,而后者表示“一种穿不破的布”。
n.(名词)
  1. wear是不可数名词,基本意思是“穿着,戴着”,指“穿或戴的状态”,也可指“穿戴的衣物”,此时多与其他词构成复合词。wear引申可指“使用,用坏”和“耐用性”。
  2. wear and tear意为“损坏,损耗,用坏”,尤指正常使用所造成的损坏。
v.(动词)
  1. wear用作动词的基本意思是“穿着,戴着”,可表示穿的动作,也可以表示一种持续的或经常的状态,其后不仅可接衣服,也可接帽子、眼镜等,还可表示“佩戴”“涂抹”。
  2. wear引申还可指“保持某种状态”,作“许可”解时,多用于疑问句或否定句结构。
  3. wear可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,后接名词或代词作宾语,还可接以形容词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  4. wear的进行时可表示按计划或安排即将发生的动作,此时句中一般有表示将来的时间状语或特定的上下文。
  5. wear用作不及物动词时,主动形式可表示被动意义。
  6. wear还可用作系动词,表示经使用后的变化,后接形容词作表语。
  7. wear表示一般性的“穿着”时,不用于进行体,而表示瞬时性的“穿着”时,具有动作的性质,可用于进行体。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
wear, be in
这两者的共同意思是“穿戴”。其区别是:
1.wear后可直接接宾语,而be in的宾语前须有修饰语。例如:
Mary was in her red dress.玛丽穿着红衣服。
2.be in有时含有“只穿着”的意思,而wear无此义。例如:
Tom is in shirt.汤姆只穿了件衬衫。
wear, dress, have on, put on
这组词语都有“穿”或“穿衣”的意思。其区别是:
1.在表示“穿着”时, wear和have on可以互换。
2.dress仅限于表示“穿衣服”; put on可表示“穿上衣服”或“戴上眼镜、帽子等”; wear和put on则可表示一般的“穿”或“戴”; 留胡子则用wear来表示。
3.put on只表示动作; wear和have on均表示状态; dress则既可表示动作也可表示状态。
4.put on是瞬间动词; wear和have on都是持续性动词; dress则既可作持续性动词,也可作瞬间动词。
5.have on不能用于进行时态,其他3个词则可以。
下面两组中的英文句子各有两种意思:
  • A cloth like this will wear.
  • 这种布耐穿。
  • (最好说A cloth like this will wear well.)
  • 这种布穿得破。
  • A cloth like this will not wear.
  • 这种布不耐穿。
  • (最好说A cloth like this will wear out.)
  • 这种布不易穿破。
wear dress put on
这些动词或词组均含“穿衣,穿”之意。
  • wear:wear最常用词,指穿衣、鞋袜或戴手套等,侧重穿戴的状态。
  • dress:dress普通用词,指给自己或他人穿衣。既表动作又可表状态。
  • put on:put on普通用语,指把衣服、鞋袜、帽子、手套等戴上去,侧重穿戴的动作。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他通常穿深蓝色的西装。

    He is usually wearing suits of dark blue.

    He usually wears suits of dark blue.

    wear表示“穿着,戴着”,指经常性行为时,一般用现在时,而不用进行时。

  2. 早晨我一起床就穿衣服。

    I wear my clothes as soon as I get out of bed in the morning.

    I put on my clothes as soon as I get out of bed in the morning.

    wear和put on都有“穿”的意思,前者是表示状态或动作意义不强的持续性动词,强调的是状态; 后者表示瞬间的动作,强调的是动作。

  3. 别戴那顶帽子。

    Don't wear on that cap.

    Don't wear that cap.

    wear表示“穿着”时,是及物动词,不需加介词on。

  4. 你看上去很疲劳,你已经干了一天的活了。

    You look wearing out. You've been working all day.

    You look worn out. You've been working all day.

    wear out表示“使疲惫不堪”,常用于be worn out结构。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的werian,意为给……穿,穿上;最初源自原始日耳曼语的wazjanan,意为给…提…供衣服。

wear的相关资料:

正版词典

wear : 穿着;戴着 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • wear:wear vt. 穿, 戴v. (~ out) 磨损, 用旧, (~ out) 穿着 英英解释:名词wear:1. impairment resulting from long use2. a cov…

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