obtain

  核心词汇  
[əb'teɪn]     [əb'teɪn]    
  • vt.获得;得到
  • vi.流行;通用;存在
obtainable obtainer obtained obtained obtaining obtains
new

obtain是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 获得,得到,得出,弄到,搞到,找到,赢得,得
  2. 流行
  3. 得到公认,得到(众人)承认
  4. 通用,通行
  5. 存在
  6. 投合一般人心理
  7. 获准
  8. 争取
  9. 收集
  10. 求得,求出
  11. 达到
  12. 买到
  13. 沿袭
  14. 到达
  15. 如愿以偿,成功

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. (使)获得; 买到 (cause to) get or acquire; buy
  2. vi. 通行; 流行 (of rules, customs) to exist; be in use; prevail

行业释义

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obtain : 获得 ...
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obtain : 获得 ...
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obtain : 获得, ...
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英英释义

Verb:
  1. come into possession of;

    "How did you obtain the visa?"

  2. receive a specified treatment (abstract);

    "These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation"
    "His movie received a good review"
    "I got nothing but trouble for my good intentions"

  3. be valid, applicable, or true;

    "This theory still holds"

obtain的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He failed to obtain a scholarship.
    他没有获得奖学金。
  2. At last, their company obtained the mining concession.
    他们的公司最终获得了采矿权。
  3. Those who were penitent obtained absolution.
    悔过者获得了赦免。
  4. They obtained a loan from the government.
    他们从政府那里得到一笔贷款。
  5. Please advise us immediately after you have obtained the necessary import license.
    你公司得到所需进口许可证后,请立即通知我们。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Your dress still obtains now.
    你的这款套裙现在还很流行。
  2. The word has obtained general currency.
    该词已经通用了。
  3. These laws no longer obtain.
    这些法律不再通用了。
  4. These conditions no longer obtain.
    这些条件已不复存在了。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The custom still obtains in some districts.
    这种风俗在某些地方仍然流行。
  2. Different laws obtain in different places.
    不同的法律适用在不同的地方。
  3. The custom still obtains with most people.
    这种习俗在大多数人当中仍然流行。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Where can I obtain the book?
    我在哪里能买到这本书?
  2. He obtained a driver's license after three-month training.3
    个月培训之后,他获得了驾驶执照。
  3. She obtained her degree in 1989.
    她在1989年就取得了学位。
  4. He obtained a large sum of money by buying and selling houses.
    他通过买卖房子赚了一大笔钱。
  5. People obtain knowledge and information through reading and studying.
    我们通过读书和学习获得知识和信息。
  6. We wished to obtain first-hand information.
    我们要能得到第一手情报就好了。
  7. At last, he obtained his father's pardon.
    他终于得到了父亲的原谅。
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. It can be obtained at the following prices.
    按下列价格就能买到这东西。
  10. It may be obtained for two dollars.
    这东西两美元就能买到。
  11. A fine view of London can be obtained here.
    从这里看伦敦可以看得很清楚。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. His work obtained him a regular income.
    他的工作使他获得定期的收入。
  2. This obtained him respect.
    这使他受到尊敬。
  3. They obtained her degree in 1990.
    她在1990年获得学位。
S+~+ n./pron. +for pron./n.
  1. I think I know where I can obtain that rare book for you.
    我看我知道去哪儿给你弄到那珍本书。
  2. What can Eby obtain for you?
    伊比能给你什么?

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
obtain from (v.+prep.)
  1. 从…得到 get (sth) from〔out of〕 obtain sth from sth

    We obtained a loan from the government.我们得到一笔政府贷款。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Some of the salt that we use is obtained from the sea.我们用的盐有些是从海水中提取的。

    Both of these books can be obtained from the Public Library.这两本书都可以从公共图书馆借到。

obtain through (v.+prep.)
  1. 从…中得到 get (sth) through (sth) obtain sth through sth

    We obtained knowledge through books.我们从书本中获得知识。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 副词+~ ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Macheras..earnestly begged and obtained that he would be reconciled.

    出自:W. Whiston
  • Life is very hard for some of our town dwellers in spite of the high wages they obtain.

    出自:H. Belloc
  • I could recognise the distinctive pleasure I obtained from being driven in a car.

    出自:Day Lewis
  • Those few who had managed to obtain a..work permit..had lost their jobs.

    出自:P. Cutting
  • The simple heart, that freely asks in love, obtains.

    出自:absol.

obtain的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. obtain后可接双宾语表达为obtain somebody sth,指“使...得到...”。

    Her work obtained her a regular incomes.
    她的工作使她得到了定期收入。

v.(动词)
  1. obtain用作及物动词时基本意思是指花费了大量的努力或经过了很久的时间后得到了心仪已久的东西。可接简单宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词for的宾语。可用于被动结构。
  2. obtain有时也可用作不及物动词,意为“通行”“流行”,其主语常常是风俗、习惯或规则等。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
obtain, achieve, acquire, attain, earn, gain, get, secure, win
这组词的共同意思是“取得; 获得”。其区别是:
1.除secure是正式用词外,其余各词均为一般用词。
2.achieve主要指取得成功、成就或实现预期目的; acquire主要指逐渐获得知识、能力、荣誉等; attain主要指达到重要目标或获得珍贵的东西; earn凭借功劳赚得或获得工资、报酬、荣誉、赞赏等; gain主要指获得或赢得有一定价值的东西; get指以各种方式获得各种所需或不需之物; obtain指获得所需之物或达到预期目的; secure指得到渴望或竞争性的东西; win指在竞争、比赛、争论或战斗中击败对手而赢得胜利或获得人们的爱戴〔好感〕等。
3.achieve指克服困难之后而获得; acquire, attain, earn指通过努力而获得; gain指通过巨大努力而获得; obtain多指通过长期努力而获得,有时也指无须经过努力; 其他各词不强调通过努力与否; get可指通过各种方式获得; earn还指凭借功劳而赚得; win还指通过作出优异成绩而赢得。
4.achieve强调结果; acquire强调量的增加; attain含有达到完美地步的意味; gain强调所获得之物能够造成的优势; obtain强调愿望得到满足; secure强调有把握或成功地获得。
5.get是这组同义词中的最常用词,可指主动争取,也可指被动接受,有时不一定需要很大努力就能获得; acquire指持续,慢慢地获得,强调过程; 而earn, gain都强调经过艰苦努力而获得的这一结果, gain比obtain所付出的努力还要大些; win则指在竞赛中或战斗中赢得或获得胜利,可以通过努力获得,也可以偶然获得。例如:
He did not get what he had earned他未获得他应得到的东西。
The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.运用语言的能力,只能通过不断练习才能获得。
She gained rich experience in teaching.她获得了丰富的教学经验。
I've got your telegram.我已经收到了你的电报。
We wished to obtain first-hand information.我们要能得到第一手情报就好了。
Industry won him his success.勤奋使他获得了成功。
6.acquire的宾语多为知识、技能等; earn的宾语多为金钱、荣誉等理应得到的东西; obtain的宾语多为期望已久的东西; gain的宾语多为经验、利益、优势、好处等; 而win的宾语则为比赛、战斗等; get的宾语则比较广泛,即既可以是具体的东西,也可以是抽象的事物。例如:
He got what he had earned.他获得了他应得到的东西。
You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.你要用功,以便精通英语。
Our firm has gained a good reputation.我们公司赢得了好名声。
Then I'll go and get you a chair.我去给你拿把椅子来。
At last, he obtained his father's pardon.他终于得到了父亲的原谅。
They won the basketball match.他们打赢了这场篮球赛。
7.这组动词都可跟简单宾语。get, earn, gain, obtain, secure和win可跟双宾语; secure还可跟wh-从句; win还可跟含不定式的复合宾语。此外, gain和win有时还可用作不及物动词。acquire和attain常跟抽象名词。
8.attain常用于庄重场合。win语气比gain强。
acquire obtain gain get win earn secure
这些动词均含“获得、取得、得到”之意。
  • acquire:acquire强调通过不断的、持续的努力而获得某物,也指日积月累地渐渐地获得。书面语用词。
  • obtain:obtain较正式用词,着重通过巨大努力、要求而得到所需或盼望已久的东西。
  • gain:gain侧重指经过努力或有意识行动而取得某种成就或获得某种利益或好处。
  • get:get普通用词,使用广泛,可指以任何方式得到某物,也不一定要经过努力。
  • win:win主要指通过努力、斗争、比赛等而获得胜利。
  • earn:earn侧重指依靠自己的劳动或因付出代价与有功而获得。
  • secure:secure强调要通过努力或竞争,或需要付出代价才能获得所渴望的东西。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1425年左右英入进语,直接源自中古法语的obtenir;最初源自古典拉丁语的obtinere:ob (去) + tenere (握,拿),意为握住,抓住,掌握。

obtain的相关资料:

正版词典

obtain : (经努力等) ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • obtain:obtain vt. 获得, 得到 英英解释:动词obtain:1. come into possession of2. receive a specified treatment (abstract…

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