endure

  核心词汇  
[ɪn'djʊə(r)]     [ɪn'dʊr]    
  • vt. 容忍
  • vi. 忍耐;持久;持续
endured endured enduring endures
new

endure的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 忍受
  2. 忍耐
  3. 持久
  4. 持续
  5. 支持
  6. 遭受
  7. 捱下去,坚持下去
  8. 不衰
  9. 与世长存
  10. 存在下去
  11. 经历
  12. 体验
  13. 宽恕
  14. 继续(存在)

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. (长时间地)忍受,忍耐,容忍 bear (pain, suffering, etc.) patiently or for a long time
  2. vi. 持续,持久,坚持下去 remain alive or in existence, especially in spite of difficulty

英英释义

Verb:
  1. put up with something or somebody unpleasant;

    "I cannot bear his constant criticism"
    "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks"
    "he learned to tolerate the heat"
    "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"

  2. face and withstand with courage;

    "She braved the elements"

  3. continue to live through hardship or adversity;

    "We went without water and food for 3 days"
    "These superstitions survive in the backwaters of America"
    "The race car driver lived through several very serious accidents"
    "how long can a person last without food and water?"

  4. undergo or be subjected to;

    "He suffered the penalty"
    "Many saints suffered martyrdom"

  5. last and be usable;

    "This dress wore well for almost ten years"

  6. persist for a specified period of time;

    "The bad weather lasted for three days"

  7. continue to exist;

    "These stories die hard"
    "The legend of Elvis endures"

endure的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. I could not endure the insolence of his behaviour.
    我不能再忍受他那傲慢无礼的行为了。
  2. I cannot endure listening to that any longer.
    我再也不耐烦听那一套了。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. If help doesn't come,we must endure to the end.
    如果没人来帮助,我们必须忍耐到底。
  2. They vowed their love would endure forever.
    他们海誓山盟地久天长。
  3. These traditions have endured throughout the ages.
    这些传统世代相传至今.

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. We can't endure much longer in this desert without water.
    我们没有水无法在沙漠中坚持长久。
  2. If help does not come,we must endure to the end.
    如无援助到来,那我们必须坚持到底。
  3. He is a great writer and his books will endure forever
    他是一个伟大的作家,他写的书将流芳百世。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I cannot endure her rudeness any longer.
    我再也不能忍受她的无礼了。
  2. The company has endured tremendous losses.
    这个公司承受了巨大的损失。
  3. He endured cold and hunger.
    他忍受着寒冷与饥饿。
  4. She had endured great pain for a number of years.
    她已忍受了好几年极大的痛苦。
S+~+to- v
  1. I can't endure to hear about it.
    听说了这件事叫我无法忍受。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. I can't endure talking to them.
    与他们交谈,我可真受不了。
  2. He can't endure being disturbed in his work.
    他工作时不容许别人打扰他。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. I cannot endure you should say that.
    你竟然说出那种话真让人受不了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • So long as one is happy one can endure any discipline.

    出自: G. Greene
  • A creature who could quietly endure, silently suffer and patiently wait.

    出自: M. L. King

endure的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. endure的基本意思是“容忍,忍耐”,主要指对重大灾祸和困难长时间地忍受,常强调默默地、无怨言地忍受,但不屈服,作此解时,常与cannot等否定词连用,是比较委婉与正式的用法,接名词或代词作宾语,也可以跟动词不定式、动名词或that从句作宾语。
  2. endure用作不及物动词时,含有困难但仍要坚持下去的意思。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
endure, bear, put up with, stand, suffer, tolerate
  • 参见bear条。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的endurer;最初源自古典拉丁语的indurare,意为使变硬。
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