apply

  基本词汇  
[ə'plaɪ]     [ə'plaɪ]    
  • vt.应用;涂;使专心从事
  • vi.申请;有关联
applied applied applying applies
new

apply是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 勤奋工作
  2. 努力学习
  3. 适用
  4. 申请
  5. 请求
  6. 使专心从事
  7. 适合
  8. 将…铺在表面
  9. 运用
  10. 应用(原则)
  11. 把…运用于
  12. 实施
  13. 使起作用
  14. 使适用
  15. 把…用
  16. 用(药)敷
  17. 使致力
  18. 起作用
  19. 专心致志
  20. 有关系
  21. 相关联
  22. 使用
  23. 使刻苦努力
  24. 致力于
  25. 有关
  26. 涉及
  27. 手压
  28. 脚踩
  29. 涂(漆)
  30. 敷(药)施
  31. 搽用
  32. 接洽(to someone for something)
  33. 应用
  34. 有关联

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 敷,涂 put on or next to sth
  2. vt. 应用; 使用 bring or put into use
  3. vi. 适用 have an effect related
  4. vi. 申请,请求 request sth
  5. vt. 使刻苦努力; 致力于 cause to work hard or with careful attention

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
apply : 应用, 运用 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
apply : 应用, 申请 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
apply : 申请, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose;

    "use your head!"
    "we only use Spanish at home"
    "I can't use this tool"
    "Apply a magnetic field here"
    "This thinking was applied to many projects"
    "How do you utilize this tool?"
    "I apply this rule to get good results"
    "use the plastic bags to store the food"
    "He doesn't know how to use a computer"

  2. be pertinent or relevant or applicable;

    "The same laws apply to you!"
    "This theory holds for all irrational numbers"
    "The same rules go for everyone"

  3. ask (for something);

    "He applied for a leave of absence"
    "She applied for college"
    "apply for a job"

  4. apply to a surface;

    "She applied paint to the back of the house"
    "Put on make-up!"

  5. be applicable to; as to an analysis;

    "This theory lends itself well to our new data"

  6. give or convey physically;

    "She gave him First Aid"
    "I gave him a punch in the nose"

  7. avail oneself to;

    "apply a principle"
    "practice a religion"
    "use care when going down the stairs"
    "use your common sense"
    "practice non-violent resistance"

  8. ensure observance of laws and rules;

    "Apply the rules to everyone"

  9. refer (a word or name) to a person or thing;

    "He applied this racial slur to me!"

  10. apply oneself to;

    "Please apply yourself to your homework"

apply的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. We should not only know the theory but also how to apply it to practice.
    我们不仅要知道理论,还要知道怎样把理论应用于实践。
  2. The plastic coating is easy to be applied on any surface.
    塑性涂料容易涂在任何表面上。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. Above terms shall apply unless otherwise mention.
    除非另有说明书,上述条件一概适用。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The comment applies equally here.
    这个意见在这里也同样适用。
  2. Apply in your own handwriting.
    请亲笔书写申请。
  3. You should apply in the proper quarter.
    你应该在适当的地方申请。
  4. You may apply in person or by letter.
    你可以亲自到场或去信提出申请。
  5. Job seekers should apply at the personnel office.
    找工作的人应到人事办公室提出申请。
  6. For further particulars, apply at the following address.
    欲知详情,请按下列地址垂询。
S+~+to- v
  1. He applied to join the Party.
    他申请入党。
  2. Last week we applied to join the Bridge Club.
    上周我们申请加入桥牌俱乐部。
用作及物动词 S+ ~+n./pron.
  1. Apply a little wax polish.
    涂一点蜡油。
  2. He applied his brake quickly.
    他赶快刹车。
  3. They applied economic sanctions.
    他们应用经济制裁。
  4. We should try to learn economic theory and apply it.
    我们应努力学习经济理论并能应用。
  5. He asked the teacher how to apply the chemical formula.
    他问老师如何应用化学公式。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. The new discovery may be applied in medicine.
    这个新发现可以应用在医学上。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
apply for (v.+prep.)
  1. 申请 ask for apply for sth

    He applied for a passport.他申请护照。

    To whom should I apply for a licence?我应该向谁申请执照呢?

    He applied for an entrance visa.他申请入境签证。

    They apply for permission to use the tennis court.他们申请借用这个网球场。

    I made up my mind to apply for a scholarship.我决定申请奖学金。

    Lynd and hundreds of young people like him applied for the post of typist.林德和几百个像他那样的青年谋求这个打字员的职位。

    I've applied for job with that company.我已申请到那家公司供职。

apply oneself to (v.+pron.+prep.)
  1. 致力于,专心于 cause oneself to work hard at or with careful attention apply oneself to sth

    He applied himself to his new job.他努力干好新的工作。

    Now he applied himself to the job in earnest.他现在认真地干这工作。

    You must apply yourself to the job you have to do.你必须努力干好你该干的工作。

    She applied herself to her new duties with great enthusiasm.她满腔热情地投入她的新任务中。

    Apply yourself to your study.专心于你的研究吧。

    He applied himself closely to the study of the English language.他刻苦学习英语。

    He is now applying himself to the study of traditional Chinese medical science.他现在正致力于中医的研究。

    apply oneself to v-ing

    They applied themselves to producing bikes.他们努力生产自行车。

    He applied himself diligently to learning French.他孜孜不倦地学法语。

apply to (v.+prep.)
  1. 涂抹,贴 put or spread on a surface apply sth to sth

    Apply some medicine to his wound.给他的伤口上点药吧。

    The surgeon applied some ointment to my burnt fingers.外科医生在我烧伤的指头上敷了一些药膏。

    Apply the paint evenly to both sides of the door.均匀地在门的两面上漆。

    Apply the paint to the prepared wood and allow it to dry.把油漆涂在备好的木料上,让它自己晾干。

    I apply my eyes to the microscope.我把眼睛贴近显微镜。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    This cream is best applied to the face at night.这种香脂最好晚上搓脸用。

    The lotion should be applied sparingly to the skin.这种洗液应均匀地涂在皮肤上。

    This adhesive must be applied to both surfaces which are to be bonded together.要粘接的两个面都必须涂上这种黏合剂。

  2. 适用于 be appropriate or relevant to apply to sth/v-ing

    The same applies to us.对于我们也是一样。

    This rule cannot apply to children.这种规则不适用于孩子。

    This book applies to beginners.这本书对初学者很合适。

    The method applies to our work.这个方法适用于我们的工作。

    I don't think what he says applies to you as much as to us.我想他的话对你并不像对我们那么适用。

    The Act applies to all restaurants and cafes.该法令适用于所有餐馆和咖啡厅。

    This rule applies to freshmen only.这条规则只适用于大学一年级学生。

    These regulations only apply to the younger children.这些规定只适用于较小的儿童。

    What I have said applies only to some of you.我所说的只关系到你们当中的一部分人。

    The money applied to the relief of the victims of the flood.这笔钱用于救济遭受水灾的灾民。

    These principles apply to learning maths.这些原则适用于数学学习。

  3. 运用 bring or put sth into use apply sth to sth

    In this way they can better apply theory to practice.这样他们就能更好地把理论运用到实践中去。

    He applies his mind to the difficulty.他专心思考这个问题。

  4. 向…申请或要求 make a request to apply to sb/sth

    For particulars apply to Mr. Brooker.详情请向布鲁科先生询问。

    We applied to the authorities for assistance.我们向当局请求帮助。

    She applied to a college.她申请上大学。

    They applied to the government for financial help.他们请求政府资助。

    They applied to other medical institutions for assistance.他们向其他医疗机构求援。

    Shall we apply to fraternal factories for help?我们是否应要求兄弟厂支援?

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He applies his handkerchief to his mouth.

    出自:Joyce

apply的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. apply后可接不定式或to和动名词形式。

    hey will apply the money to build(ing) up a little library.
    他们将申请一笔钱建一个小图书馆。

    These principles apply to learning foreign languages.
    这些规则原理是用来学外语的。

v.(动词)
  1. apply的本义是指“将甲物置于乙物之上”,现代英语中仍保留“粘贴”的意思,并由此引申表示将某物“应用”或“运用”于另一物使之发挥或取得实际效益。
  2. apply作“敷,涂”解时,是正式用法,及物动词仅用于说明书中。在会话中和大多数文字中,则代之以put 〔rub〕 it on, rub〔spread〕 it in。表示“把…敷〔涂〕在…之上”可说apply sth to...。apply后可接药物、油漆、冰块等作宾语,而to的宾语可以是物,也可以是人体的某个部位。
  3. apply作“应用,使用”解时,也是及物动词,可接规章、条例、精力、经验、用心、智力等作宾语; to的宾语即可是人,也可是物或事。
  4. apply后还可接反身代词作宾语,表示“把(精力等)投入到…”,其后一般接带介词to引起的短语。不用于被动结构,也不用于进行时态。
  5. apply作“适用”解时,指理论、原则等适用,仅用作不及物动词。
  6. apply作“申请”解时是不及物动词,常用于“apply to...for...”结构表示“向…申请…”,介词to的宾语可以是人或组织机构, for的宾语可以是物或职位等。
  7. apply还可表示亲自或用信件直接向掌权者请求同意其要求或申请。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
apply, use
这两个词的共同意思是“使用”“利用”。其区别是:
1.apply强调的是“手段”; use强调的是“目的”。例如:
  • The old man used a mustard plaster to relieve a chest pain.
  • 那老人用芥末膏来消除胸痛。
  • The old man applied a mustard plaster to the chest.
  • 那老人把芥末膏涂在胸上。
2.apply不接人作宾语, use可接人作宾语,这时是视其为手段和工具。
apply, bear on〔upon〕, belong to, pertain to, relate to
这五个词(组)的意思相近,都表示“有联系”。其区别是:
bear on〔upon〕强调直接联系和前者的重要作用; relate to强调二者的紧密和一致,侧重相互的影响; pertain to侧重在实践中或思想方面,强调联系的必要性和关系的紧密; belong to强调前者和不可分割的部分, apply通常强调前者对后者的解释、描述。例如:
  • This problem bears on the interests of the labour.
  • 这个问题关系到劳工的利益。
  • The cost relates directly to the amount of time spent on the job.
  • 成本与这项工作所费的时间直接有关。
  • Any inquiries pertaining to the granting of planning permission should be ad- dressed to the Town Hall.
  • 一切有关发放计划许可证的询问应该 向市政厅提出。
  • What party do you belong to?
  • 你是哪个党的党员?
  • This rule does not apply in your particular case.
  • 这项规则不适用于你的具体情况。
use apply employ utilize avail exploit
这些动词均含“使用,应用”之意。
  • use:use普通用词,着重为达到某一目的而利用某人或某物。
  • apply:apply指将一事物运用于另一事物之上以发挥其有效作用。
  • employ:employ指使用处于消极状态或未被用过的人或物,可以与use换用,但强调进行选择、充分利用。
  • utilize:utilize侧重有利可图或能达到某一实际目的。书面用词。
  • avail:avail通常指使用手边或就近的人或物以有利于自己。
  • exploit:exploit强调充分利用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的aplier;最初源自拉丁语的applicare:ad (去) + plicare (折叠),意为致力于,使事物关联相。

apply的相关资料:

正版词典

apply : 施于,涂于, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】

互动百科

  • apply:apply vt. 申请, 应用vi. 申请, 适用 英英解释:动词apply:1. put into service; make work or employ (something) for a p…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词