pretty

  基本词汇  
['prɪti]     ['prɪti]    
  • adv.相当地
  • adj.漂亮的;秀丽的;好看的
  • vt.使漂亮
  • n.漂亮的东西;美人
prettily prettier prettiest prettiness pretties prettied prettied prettying pretties
new

pretty是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 相当,颇,非常,很,十分,极
  2. 几乎,差不多
  3. 有礼貌地,恭敬地
adj.(形容词)
  1. 漂亮的,可爱的,秀丽的,美丽的,标致的(尤指女子或女孩)
  2. 悦耳的
  3. 好的
  4. 机灵的
  5. 精致的
  6. 妙的
  7. <口>好多的;相当大的
n.(名词)
  1. 漂亮的东西
  2. 漂亮的人
  3. 心肝,宝贝
  4. 衣饰
  5. 【高尔夫】球的正规通路
  6. 凹条花纹
  7. 花枝招展
v.(动词)
  1. 使漂亮
  2. 使可爱
  3. 美化

双解释义

adv.(副词)
  1. 相当,颇 fairly or moderately; very
adj.(形容词)
  1. 漂亮的,可爱的,精致的 pleasing and attractive, without being beautiful or magnificent

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
pretty : 精致的, 漂 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
pretty : 精致的, 漂 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. pleasing by delicacy or grace; not imposing;

    "pretty girl"
    "pretty song"
    "pretty room"

  2. (used ironically) unexpectedly bad;

    "a pretty mess"
    "a pretty kettle of fish"

Adverb:
  1. to a moderately sufficient extent or degree;

    "pretty big"
    "pretty bad"
    "jolly decent of him"
    "the shoes are priced reasonably"
    "he is fairly clever with computers"

pretty的用法和样例:

例句

用作副词 (adv.)
  1. I am pretty sure that he'll say yes.
    他会同意的,我对此相当有把握。
  2. After six months, I could speak Chinese pretty well.
    6个月之后,我就能讲相当好的汉语了。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. What a pretty little garden!
    多么漂亮的小花园!
  2. I want a window seat so that I can enjoy the pretty sights during the journey.
    我想要个靠窗的座位,好欣赏沿途的美景。
  3. My new curtains have a pretty blue and red pattern.
    我的新窗帘有个很好看的红蓝相间的图案。
  4. The pretty girl got so much flattery that it quite turned her head.
    这位好看的姑娘得到这么多的奉承,这使得她冲昏头脑。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. All the pretty women wore their smartest dresses.
    所有漂亮的女士都穿著最漂亮的连衫裙。
  2. He is going after that pretty girl.
    他在追求那个漂亮的女孩子。

常见句型

用作副词 (adv.)
用作状语
  1. I'm pretty certain she enjoys it.
    我非常相信她会喜欢它的。
  2. The situation seems pretty hopeless.
    这情况似乎没有多大的希望。
  3. She seemed pretty satisfied with the result.
    她对那结果似乎相当满意。
  4. She looked pretty secure, but he elbowed her out of the vice presidency.
    她的地位看来很稳固,但却被他挤出了副总裁的位置。
  5. The car is pretty nearly new.
    这辆汽车几乎是全新的。
  6. She was in pretty good health, only a little tired.
    她身体还是不错的,只是有点疲倦。
  7. This curry is pretty fiery.
    这种咖喱非常辣。
  8. You are pretty certain to be seen by someone who knows you.
    你一定被认识你的人看见了。
  9. Her sister is still pretty sick.
    她的姐姐仍然病得相当厉害。
  10. Pretty soon the lilacs would be in bloom.
    紫丁香不久就要开花。
  11. The wind blew pretty hard.
    风刮得很猛。
用作形容词 (adj.)
用作定语 ~+ n.
  1. They competed for a pretty girl.
    他们曾为一个漂亮女孩而竞争。
  2. Just who is the pretty girl sitting beside you?
    坐在你旁边的那个漂亮女孩究竟是谁呀?
  3. The pretty girl has a delicate skin.
    这位漂亮的姑娘具有细嫩的皮肤。
  4. The weasel is a very pretty little creature.
    黄鼬是一种很可爱的小动物。
  5. My aunt lives in a pretty cottage in the country.
    我婶婶住在乡下的一间可爱的小屋里。
  6. He married a girl for her pretty face.
    他因姑娘漂亮而娶了她。
  7. Even though she was so young she obtained employment as a governess.She made a very pretty one, too.
    她年纪虽然很轻,却被聘为家庭教师,而且做得很出色。
  8. The bodies of the victims were not a pretty sight.
    这些遇难者的尸体惨不忍睹。
  9. That was a pretty dumb thing to do.
    那件事做得可真蠢。
  10. This is a pretty state of affairs!
    事情糟透了!
  11. You've got yourself into a pretty mess now!
    你现在可惹了麻烦了!
  12. He wrecked his dad's car, and now he is in a pretty fix.
    他把他爸爸的车弄坏了,现在他处境很不妙。
  13. It's a pretty state of affairs when I can't afford the price of a pint of beer any more!
    当我连一品脱啤酒也买不起的时候,那局面可真惨啦!
  14. He is a young man with a pretty face.
    (他是个小白脸。)他是个娘娘腔的青年男子。
用作表语 S+be+~
  1. Some girls are pretty; a few, but very few, are beautiful.
    有些姑娘长得还算好看,但是称得上美的却很少。
  2. She is not really beautiful, but she looks pretty when she smiles.
    她其实并不美,但笑起来很可爱。
  3. The little garden is pretty.
    这座小花园很美。
S+be+~+that-clause
  1. Helen is so pretty and popular that all the boys eat out of her hand.
    海伦既漂亮又讨人喜欢,使所有的男孩都对她俯首听命。

常用短语

用作副词 (adv.)
pretty much〔nearly,well〕
  1. 几乎,差不多 almost

    The two are pretty much the same. 这两个几乎一模一样。

    The result was pretty much to be expected. 结果同预期的非常接近。

    “How is the sick man today?”“Pretty much as he was yesterday.” “这位病号今天怎样?”“跟昨天差不多。”

    The car is pretty nearly new. 那辆车跟新的差不多。

    She told him pretty nearly all the secrets of her married life. 她差不多把婚后生活的全部秘密都告诉他。

    He's pretty well finished his latest book already. 他最新的一本书差不多快完成了。

用作形容词 (adj.)
a pretty penny
  1. 大笔钱 a lot of money

    Renovating that house will cost you a pretty penny. 为了修缮那栋房子你得花很多钱。

    It costs a pretty penny to have a car these days because of the high price of petrol. 由于汽油昂贵,拥有一辆汽车要花一大笔钱。

    Highways, already costing states a pretty penny, are going to eat into state treasuries at a faster pace. 已经花了一大笔钱的公路,现在正以更快的速度消耗着国库。

as pretty as picture
  1. 非常漂亮,美丽如画 very pretty

    The tiny cottage with its leaded windows and thatched roof was as pretty as a picture. 这家有铅条窗户、草盖屋顶的小农舍美丽如画。

not just a pretty face
  1. 不仅仅相貌好(还有其他特点) not just sb who is superficially attractive without having other qualities or abilities

    His good looks won him in the election but he has still to prove that he's not just a pretty face. 他由于仪表堂堂而当选,但他尚须证明绝非徒有其表。

sitting pretty
  1. 处境幸运 in a fortunate situation, especially when others are unlucky

    I was properly insured so I'm sitting pretty. 我已有了一定的保险,因而有备无患了。

    These problems don't worry you; you're sitting pretty. 这些问题难不倒你,你处于极为有利的地位。

    His uncle died and left him enough to be sitting pretty. 他叔父去世后给他留下的遗产足够他过优裕的日子。

    If you make 10,000 pounds profit when you sell this house, you'll really be sitting pretty! 如果卖这房子能获1万英镑的利润,那你收入真可观!

词汇搭配

用作副词 (adv.)
~+副词
用作形容词 (adj.)
~+名词 副词+~

经典引文

  • A master of English..with as pretty and sharp a wit as any politician.

    出自:A. F. Douglas
  • Well, young lady..and a pretty mess you have got us into!

    出自:iron.
  • Prettying up for company.

    出自:M. M. Atwater
  • He was pretty strong for his size.

    出自:H. Secombe
  • He'll be home pretty soon.

    出自:E. Leonard

pretty的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. pretty作形容词时,可以是一个带有讽刺含义的形容词。

    He has made a pretty mess of the job.
    他把自己的工作弄得真是够乱的。

  2. pretty也作副词,但只可以修饰其他形容词或副词,表示“颇…”。绝不能修饰动词,否则副词形势应该是prettily。如在sit pretty(处于有利形势)的用法中,pretty是表语,没有修饰动词;
  3. 与其他表示“颇”的副词的区别:fairly仅指“相当”,程度较轻,修饰形容词、副词。quite程度较fairly稍重,修饰形容词、副词、动词和名词。rather要更重一些,修饰形容词、副词、动词和名词。pretty和rather程度相仿,但仅修饰形容词和副词,而且不正式。
adv.(副词)
  1. pretty用作副词,主要用于非正式场合的口语中,一般用作减弱语,即针对于一定标准而在程度上有所减弱,可修饰使人产生好感的词,也可修饰产生恶感的词。另一方面, pretty又可作为形容词或副词的强化语。究竟是减弱抑或强化,须根据上下文而定。
adj.(形容词)
  1. pretty着重指女性适度的美,指娇小可爱,侧重表面的吸引力或部分的美。语气较beautiful弱,且大多用来指年轻的女性,一般不用来描写成年男性。
  2. pretty也可以用于男女儿童,表示漂亮、活泼、可爱。
  3. pretty用于物或动物,常含有“小巧玲珑,精致美好”的意思。
  4. pretty还可作“出色的”解,相当于excellent或good。
  5. pretty有时用作贬义,指“娘娘腔的男子”“不好的,不妙的”,在句中作定语。
  6. pretty还可用作动词,常与up连用,意思是“打扮,美化”。例如:Mary prettied herself up for the dancing party.玛丽为参加舞会而打扮了一番。We prettied the place up a bit with a few flowers.我们用一些花把这个地方装饰得漂亮一些了。
  7. pretty也可作名词,表示对妻子儿女的爱称。例如:Come here, my pretty!过来,我的心肝宝贝!pretty还可表示“漂亮东西或服饰”,这时常用复数。例如:She has put on all her pretties.她打扮得花枝招展。

词义辨析

adv.(副词)
pretty, prettily
pretty有“相当”的意思,用作副词表程度,修饰形容词或副词,一般用于口语中。prettily也是副词,但表示“漂亮地”。例如:
She decorated the room very prettily.她把屋子装饰得很漂亮。
She smiled prettily as she accepted the flowers.她在接受鲜花时笑得很迷人。
pretty, fairly, quite
这组词的共同意思是“相当”。其区别是:
fairly是这组词中程度最轻的一个,可以理解为“还算,还说得过去”。例如:
I can see fairly well from here.我从这儿还看得清楚。
He is a fairly good player.他是个还算不错的运动员。
quite所表示的程度比fairly稍重,可理解为“十分,相当”。例如:
The film is quite nice.这部影片相当不错。
pretty是这组词中程度最强的一个,可理解为“很,相当”,常用于口语。例如:
Her sister is still pretty sick.她的姐姐仍然病得很重。
The wind blew pretty hard.风刮得很大。
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • It's pretty impossible to travel over these mountains in winter.
  • 冬天越过这些大山旅行,相当不可能。
  • It's pretty well impossible to travel over these mountains in winter.
  • 冬天越过这些大山旅行,几乎是不可 能的。
adj.(形容词)
pretty, beautiful, good-looking, handsome
这组形容词都可用于形容人或物,指“美丽”。其区别是:
1.beautiful少用于男性; handsome用于男性,指“英俊”“潇洒”; pretty偶尔用于男性时含贬义。例如:
He is young and handsome.他既年轻又英俊。
2.在修饰女性时, beautiful指“漂亮”,表示令人愉快的和谐与完美,侧重阴柔之美,气质高雅; handsome指“端庄健美”, pretty指“娇小可爱”, good-looking仅指一般的好看。例如:
  • She is not really beautiful, but she looks pretty when she smiles.
  • 她其实并不美,但笑起来很可爱。
  • Some girls are good-looking; a few, but very few, are beautiful.
  • 有些姑娘长得还算好看,但是称得上 美丽动人的却很少。
  • Would you describe that woman as hand- some or beautiful?
  • 你觉得那女子是体态端庄还是貌美动 人?
pretty, beautiful, fine, nice, wonderful
这组词的共同意思是“美丽的,漂亮的”。其区别是:
beautiful形容人时,常指人的外貌、外表美。nice与wonderful意思相近,形容人时多指人的行为、性格美;如形容人的外表一般要用look nice或look wonderful,nice在口语中使用普遍。fine描述人时,指人的品质“优秀”,举止“文明”,具有内在的美; 描述物时,指制作“精细”“雅致”,具有艺术欣赏价值; 描述言辞、衣物时,指“漂亮的”“华丽的”; 描述天气时,指“晴朗”。pretty用于形容女性或小孩时,侧重指小巧玲珑之美。例如:
She is very beautiful.她漂亮极了。
He is a nice〔wonderful〕 man.他是一个好人。
She looks nice〔wonderful〕.她看上去很美。
He's very fine musician.他是一个优秀的音乐家。
It rained all morning, but turned fine later.一早上都下雨,但后来转晴了。
You are always a very pretty girl.你一向是位漂亮的姑娘。
beautiful fair handsome lovely pretty fine
这些形容词均含“美丽的,漂亮的”之意。
  • beautiful:beautiful普通用词,含义广泛,语气最强,指优美和谐,是一种几乎接近完美的美。指人时通常形容女人或小孩,很少用于描写男子。
  • fair:fair正式用词,多用于文学中,形容女子和儿童,侧重外表的美。
  • handsome:handsome多用于描写男性的英俊潇洒。有时也形容女人,指其五官端正,体态秀丽。
  • lovely:lovely普通用词,描写人时,主要指女人和小孩的相貌,语气不如beautiful强。
  • pretty:pretty普通用词,语气比beautiful弱,多用于描写妇女、儿童以及小巧玲珑,精美可爱之物。
  • fine:fine指在容貌、身材或风度等方面令人感到可爱。用于事物时,强调形式或内容的优美。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:braveheart was pretty slated by the critics.

    纠正:braveheart was rather slated by the critics.

    翻译:“勇敢之心”收到了批评家们非常猛烈的责骂。

    分析:pretty和rather程度相仿,但仅修饰形容词和副词,不可修饰动词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的rpttig,意为聪明的;最初源自麦西亚语的rpettig,意为狡猾的,灵巧的。

pretty的相关资料:

正版词典

pretty : 相当,颇; ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

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互动百科

  • pretty:pretty adj. 漂亮的, 可爱的, 优美的, 机灵的, 恰当的 英英解释:形容词pretty:1. pleasing by delicacy or grace; not imposing2.…

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