urge

  核心词汇  
[ɜːdʒ]     [ɜːrdʒ]    
  • vt. 驱策;鼓励;催促;力陈
  • vi. 极力主张
  • n. 冲动;强烈愿望
urged urged urging urges
new

urge的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 冲动
  2. 推动力
  3. 强烈的欲望,愿望,渴望,需要
  4. 迫切的要求
  5. 刺激
  6. 瘾头
  7. 驱策,激励
v. (动词)
  1. 驱策,激励,鼓励,奖励
  2. 力劝,催促
  3. 强烈要求
  4. 极力主张
  5. 推进,促进
  6. 怂恿,煽动
  7. 强迫
  8. 劝告
  9. 号召
  10. 强调
  11. 苦练,勤苦地使用
  12. 大力推荐
  13. 驱赶,鞭策
  14. 恳请
  15. 作为动力

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 力劝; 敦促 request earnestly; try to persuade; strongly recommend
  2. vt. 鼓励; 极力主张 encourage or stimulate sb to do sth
  3. vt. 驱策,促使 drive or force forward

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an instinctive motive;

    "profound religious impulses"

  2. a strong restless desire;

    "why this urge to travel?"

Verb:
  1. force or impel in an indicated direction;

    "I urged him to finish his studies"

  2. push for something;

    "The travel agent recommended strongly that we not travel on Thanksgiving Day"

  3. spur on or encourage especially by cheers and shouts;

    "The crowd cheered the demonstrating strikers"

urge的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He urged the horses on with a whip.
    他用鞭子策马前行。
  2. Many physicians urge aerobic exercise.
    很多医生鼓励有氧运动。
  3. We will urge them to adhere to the Paris Agreement.
    我们将敦促他们遵守巴黎协议。
  4. They urged on us the need for cooperation.
    他们向我们强调合作的必要性。
  5. I strongly urge you to give up smoking.
    我力劝你戒烟。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. He urged against the adoption of the measure.
    他极力反对采取这项措施。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I feel the urge to be outside when spring comes again.
    当春天再次来临,我就有了到户外活动的冲动。
  2. An urge to improve society led me into politics.
    推动社会进步的强烈愿望使我投身于政治。
  3. When the urge to create a cellar happens it's usually at the beginning of your wine appreciation career.
    当你有强烈愿望要建一个酒窖时,通常是你的葡萄酒鉴赏生涯的开始。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He urges his sister's study.
    他敦促妹妹用功。
  2. He urged the necessity for immediate action.
    他强烈要求立即采取行动。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. He urged leaving.
    他极力主张离去。
  2. She urged my going to see him immediately.
    她劝我立即去看他。
S+~+that-clause
  1. We urged that the bill should be passed.
    我们强烈要求通过那项议案。
引出直接引语
  1. “Face facts!”he urged.
    “面对现实!”他力劝道。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. We all urged him to go ahead with his plan.
    我们都鼓励他实施他的计划。
  2. Your progress will urge us to work hard.
    你的进步会促进我们努力学习。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
urge against (v.+prep.)
    反对 oppose
    urge against sth

    The senator urged against the adoption of the measure.

    那参议员极力反对采取这项措施。

urge along (v.+adv.)
    激励encourage to great effort
    urge sb ⇔ along

    We did have to urge the students along in the last few weeks before their examination.

    在临考前的几个星期,我们必须激励学生用功。

urge on1 (v.+adv.)
    催促…向前,驱赶…向前 encourage sb or an animal to move ahead
    urge sb/sth ⇔ on

    You must urge the children on or we'll never get home.

    你必须催促孩子们赶路,不然我们永远也到不了家。

    He urged the horse on with a whip.

    他挥鞭策马前行。

urge on2 (v.+prep.)
    以鼓励的办法向(某人)灌输(某种思想等) try to force (sth such as an idea) on sb by encouragement
    urge sth on sb

    The teacher urged on her students the examination.

    那位老师向她的学生强调这次考试的重要性。

urge to (v.+prep.)
    鼓励(某人)朝着(某方向努力) encourage sb in the direction of action
    urge sb to sth

    What can we do to urge these lazy workers to greater production?

    我们怎样才能鼓励这些懒惰的工人去努力增产呢?

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Let me urge the point...The implied differentiation is of the essence.

    出自: G. Steiner

urge的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. urge的基本意思是“力劝”“敦促”,指外部或内部的影响或压力激励某人达到明确的目的。引申可表示“强烈要求”等。
  2. urge可以接名词、动名词或that从句作宾语,从句中的谓语动词多用虚拟式。有时也可接由动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  1. urge作动词时后面接指人的词和不定式,意为“催促……”,并隐指被催促者有相悖的回应。

    He urged her to go, but she refused.

  2. 在美国,urge作名词时,指“冲动”或“强烈的欲望”;
  3. 动词urge后面有时接that从句,从句里用虚拟现在式。

    I urge that he do (NOT does) his best.

词源解说

  • ☆ 1560年进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的urgere,意为用力按,推,驱赶。
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