propose

  核心词汇  
[prə'pəʊz]     [prə'poʊz]    
  • v. 打算;计划;向 ... 提议;求婚;提名
proposer proposed proposed proposing proposes
new

propose的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 打算,计划,作出计划
  2. 提议,建议,提出,提出…供表决
  3. 提名,推荐
  4. 求婚
  5. 申请
  6. 提议祝,提议为...干杯
  7. 希冀,意欲
  8. 提供(解释)
  9. 向…提议
n. (名词)
  1. 目的,意图

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 提议; 建议 offer or put forward for consideration, as a suggestion, plan or purpose

英英释义

Verb:
  1. make a proposal, declare a plan for something;

    "the senator proposed to abolish the sales tax"

  2. present for consideration, examination, criticism, etc.;

    "He proposed a new plan for dealing with terrorism"
    "She proposed a new theory of relativity"

  3. propose or intend;

    "I aim to arrive at noon"

  4. put forward; nominate for appointment to an office or for an honor or position;

    "The President nominated her as head of the Civil Rights Commission"

  5. ask (someone) to marry you;

    "he popped the question on Sunday night"
    "she proposed marriage to the man she had known for only two months"
    "The old bachelor finally declared himself to the young woman"

propose的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I propose an early start tomorrow morning.
    我打算明天早上早点出发。
  2. He proposed to buy and run a farm.
    他计划购买并经营一个农场。
  3. The committee proposed that new legislation should be drafted.
    委员会建议着手起草新法规。
  4. He had proposed marriage, unsuccessfully, twice already.
    他已经两次求婚,均未成功。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Man proposes,God disposes.
    谋事在人,成事在天。
  2. Where are you going to go tomorrow?Have you proposed?
    明天你到什么地方去?你打算好了吗?
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. We propose an early holiday in the spring.
    我们建议在春天放春假。
  2. I propose an early start.
    我建议早些动身。
  3. He proposed another meeting.
    他建议再开一次会议。
  4. They proposed a change of the plan.
    他们建议更改计划。
  5. He proposed a motion.
    他提出了一项动议。
  6. He proposed Brougher's health.
    他提议为布鲁尔的健康干杯。
  7. He proposed the health of all the ladies present.
    他举杯祝所有在座的女士们健康。
  8. 1
  9. The plan must be proposed by the headmaster at once.
    校长必须马上提出这项计划。
  10. The plan was proposed but never carried out.
    计划是提出了,可是没有实施。
S+~+to- v
  1. The engineer proposed to build a dam on the upper reach of the river.
    那位工程师建议在河流的上游修建一座水坝。
  2. They proposed to make arrangement beforehand.
    他们提议事先做好安排。
  3. She proposed to set off immediately.
    她提出我们马上出发。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. Tom proposed delaying our decision until the next meeting.
    汤姆提议把我们的决定推迟到下次会议。
  2. I propose resting for half an hour.
    我建议休息半小时。
  3. They propose taking a tour in the summer.
    他们建议夏天出去旅游。
  4. They proposed forming a group to investigate the case.
    他们建议成立一个小组调查这一案件。
  5. We propose leaving at noon.
    我们打算在中午离开。
S+~+that-clause
  1. The teachers proposed that they should all go to the Museum of Natural History.
    教师们建议都去参观自然博物馆。
  2. I propose that he should leave now.
    我建议他现在就走。
  3. I propose that we should get down to our work.
    我提议我们应该静下心来好好地工作。
  4. He proposed that the young man be the chairman.
    他提名那个年轻人当主席。
  5. He proposed that a doctor be sent for.
    他提议应该把医生请来。
  6. I proposed that he be sent to hospital at once.
    我建议必须立即把他送进医院。
  7. 1
  8. It was proposed that this matter be considered at the next meeting.
    有人提议,下次会议再研究此事。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
propose for (v.+prep.)
    提名为 nominate; put forward
    propose sb/sth for sth

    We proposed John for our monitor.

    我们提名约翰担任我们班的班长。

    I propose Mr. Smith for chairman.

    我提议史密斯先生当主席。

    Will you please propose me for your club?

    请推荐我加入你们的俱乐部好吗?

    They will propose a new plan for their factory.

    他们将为工厂提出一个新规划。

propose to (v.+prep.)
    对…提出建议 put forward suggestion for sth
    propose to sb

    He proposed to her on bent knees.

    他跪着向她求婚。

    propose sth to sb

    Did he propose marriage to you?

    他向你求婚了吗?

    propose sth to sb/sth

    His brother-in-law proposed a toast to the happy couple.

    他的姐夫提议为这幸福的一对干杯。

    I propose a toast to the friendship between our two countries.

    我提议为我们两国的友谊干杯。

    Even before they moved in, he had started to propose alternations to their new house.

    还在他们搬进去之前,他已经开始对他们的新住房提出改建设想。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • She..proposed that I should come with her.

    出自: H. James
  • Two small flats,..one which he proposed to let.

    出自: W. S. Maugham
  • I proposed a walkabout. We were to stroll through Auld Reekie's dusk together.

    出自: M. Innes

propose的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. propose的基本意思是“提议,建议”,多指在讨论或争辩中提出明确的意见或建议,强调要求对方予以考虑或同意。引申可表示“打算,计划(做某事)”。可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,可接名词、代词、动名词、动词不定式或从句作宾语。后接从句时,从句要用虚拟语气。
  2. propose与介词to连用,意为“求婚”,常指男子向女子求婚。
  3. propose与for连用,表示“提(名),推荐”。
  1. propose表示“计划,打算”时,后加不定式或动名词。;

    I propose to write/writing a complete grammar.

  2. propose表示“向……提议”时,后面加不定式,动名词或that从句。注意that从句中用should或虚拟现在式;
  3. propose表示“向……求婚”时,可用propose to或propose marriage to来表示。

    He proposed (marriage) to her yesterday.
    昨天他向她求婚了。

  4. propose没有宾语加不定式的复合宾语结构,只能用propose to sb that...来表示“向某人建议……”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
propose, pose, propound, suggest
  • 这组词的共同意思是“提议,建议”。其区别是:
  • propose指在争辩或讨论中提出意见或建议,请求给予考虑、解决、采纳或赞同,指较积极地提议; suggest指客气地、谦虚地建议; propound指向别人提出可供考虑的方案或建议,强调建议者不怀个人偏见或好恶; pose指提出不谋求立刻得到答复的问题。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古法语的proposer:pro(前)+poser(放置,安放),意为把……放到前面。

    propose的相关资料:

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    【近义词】
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