assert

  核心词汇  
[ə'sɜːt]     [ə'sɜːrt]    
  • vt. 断言;主张,坚持;生效;维护
assertable asserter asserted asserted asserting asserts
new

assert的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 断言,宣称,声明,声称,肯定地说出,坚持说
  2. 坚持,坚信,断定,明确肯定
  3. 主张拥有,维护(权利), 坚持自己的主张,坚决要求自己的权利(被承认)
  4. 表明,说明
  5. 申张,宣布
  6. 发挥出来
  7. 生效,起作用

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 声称,断言 state or declare forcefully
  2. vt. 维护,坚持 make a claim to

英英释义

Verb:
  1. state categorically

  2. to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true;

    "Before God I swear I am innocent"

  3. insist on having one's opinions and rights recognized;

    "Women should assert themselves more!"

  4. assert to be true;

    "The letter asserts a free society"

assert的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. She asserted that he was innocent.
    她断言,他是无罪的。
  2. Upon inspection, we assert that the systems development process is empirical
    通过以上分析,我们断言系统开发过程是经验的
  3. We encouraged him to assert his view of the matter.
    我们鼓励他坚持自己对此事的看法。
  4. The laws of historical development will assert themselves.
    历史发展的规律是不可抗拒的。
  5. They are agitating to assert autonomy.
    他们正在鼓吹实行自治。
  6. Justice will assert itself .
    正义必将伸张。
  7. The laws of historical development will assert themselves.
    历史发展的规律是不可抗拒的。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+ ~+n./pron.
  1. He asserted his ideas loudly and clearly.
    他大声明确地说出自己的想法。
  2. She persistently asserted her opinions.
    她果断地说出了自己的意见。
  3. He asserted his rights.
    他坚持自己的权利。
  4. A leader must assert himself sometimes in order to be followed.
    一个领导有时应该表现出自己的领导权威,好让别人照他说的去做。
  5. He wished to assert himself at work but did not know how to do it.
    他希望在工作中显示自己的权威,可是不知道如何去做。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He asserted that this could be done.
    他宣称这是可行的。
  2. The government has repeatedly asserted that it will not change its policy.
    政府一再重申其政策不会改变。
  3. Her friends asserted that she was innocent.
    她的朋友断言她是无罪的。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to be+ adj.
  1. He asserted this thing to be true.
    他断言这件事是真实的。
  2. She asserted the charge to be incorrect.
    她断言这起指控是不正确的。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Would you not at once assert of that mistress, that she knew nothing of her duties?

    出自: J. Ruskin
  • It is not directly asserted, but it seems to be implied.

    出自: E. A. Freeman
  • Common Sense asserts the existence of a reality.

    出自: H. Spencer
  • If courage, as he asserts, is the knowledge of 'what is to be dreaded and what dared'.

    出自: P. Tillich
  • The kind of senator or congressman that boldly asserts he will be glad to repeat his remarks in private and practically never does.

    出自: J. Thurber

assert的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. assert的基本意思是“坚持”“断言”,即做主观的、自信的、有说服力的阐述。这种“主张”或“断言”尽管有时并无凭据,但是要让别人相信自己的话是有依据的,或要别人对凭据感兴趣。
  2. assert是及物动词,接名词或名词性从句作宾语,也可以接“to be+ n./adj. ”作补足语的复合宾语。
  1. 注意区分assert和declare:

    He asserted that he was innocent.
    他申明他是无辜的.

    He asserted that his sister was innocent.
    以上表达方式是正确的。

    He asserted himself to be innocent.
    该表达方式是错误,应改为He declared himself (to be) innocent。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
assert, affirm, allege, claim, declare
  • 这组词都有“以某种肯定口气提出…”的意思,它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.allege表示“声称,伪称”,常有借口的意思。例如:
  • He alleged illness for a reason for not going to work.他称病,以此作为不去工作的理由。
  • 2.affirm表示“肯定,断言”,指坚信不疑因而断言。例如:
  • It may be safely affirmed that he is innocent.可以断言,他是无罪的。
  • 3.assert表示“主张,断言”,指宣称某事如此,并不说它是事实,着重主观自信心。例如:
  • He asserts the cause of liberty.他主张自由主义。
  • 4.claim表示“宣称”,语气比assert弱些。例如:
  • He claimed to be the rightful heir.他声称自己是合法继承人。
  • 5.declare意味着因否认某事而郑重地宣称。例如:
  • He declared that he had not done it.他声称他没干这事。
  • assert, defend, justify, maintain, vindicate
  • 这组词都有“坚持”的意思。其区别在于:maintain指坚持维护某种主张或某一事物,暗示在反对意见面前或在争论当中怀有坚定不移的信念; assert强调把自己的信念强加于人或者企图硬要别人信服或认可; defend专指捍卫某种行动、意见、决定等以免受到非难、惩罚或责备; vindicate特指在受到非难、责备、轻视等时为自己辩明或剖白; justify指用无可辨别的理由“证明…有道理或有根据”。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 1600年左右进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的asserere,意为宣告,保持。

    assert的相关资料:

    近反义词

    【近义词】

    派生词

    v.(动词)
    • assertion n. 断言;坚持

    临近单词

    今日热词
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