throw

  基本词汇  
[θrəʊ]     [θroʊ]    
  • v. 扔;投;掷;抛
  • n. 抛;投掷
thrower threw thrown throwing throws
new

throw的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 投,掷,抛,扔
  2. 发射,喷射,投射
  3. 把(嗓音)传至,使(嗓音)听起来似来自他处
  4. 把...对准目标,向...作出,把...加于
  5. 使突然陷入
  6. 建造,架设
  7. 摔倒,摔下
  8. 匆匆穿上(或脱下)
  9. 大发(脾气),使发作
  10. <口>使困惑,难住,使惊讶
  11. <口>故意输掉
  12. 抛弃,丢弃
  13. 蜕皮,脱落
  14. 使判断错误,欺骗
  15. 投(票)
  16. 举行(宴会等)
  17. 伸(四肢)
  18. 使猛撞,猛推
  19. 把...翻译成
  20. 使滚动
n. (名词)
  1. 掷骰子
  2. 掷出的点数
  3. 围巾,肩巾,薄毯,罩单
  4. <口>冒险
  5. 甩出钓鱼线
  6. 投掷,投掷的距离
  7. 【地】落差,断层引起的移位
  8. <美口>每一个
  9. 【体】投球,传球,掷球
  10. 摔倒,摔倒对手的技巧
  11. 光束距离

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 投; 掷; 扔; 抛 cause to fly through the air by a jerk of the arm
n. (名词)
  1. [C]投,掷,抛 acting of throwing
  2. [C]投掷的距离 distance to which sth is or may be thrown

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of throwing (propelling something with a rapid movement of the arm and wrist);

    "the catcher made a good throw to second base"

  2. a single chance or instance;

    "he couldn't afford $50 a throw"

  3. the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam

  4. bedclothes consisting of a lightweight cloth covering (an afghan or bedspread) that is casually thrown over something

  5. casting an object in order to determine an outcome randomly;

    "he risked his fortune on a throw of the dice"

Verb:
  1. propel through the air;

    "throw a frisbee"

  2. move violently, energetically, or carelessly;

    "She threw herself forwards"

  3. get rid of;

    "he shed his image as a pushy boss"
    "shed your clothes"

  4. place or put with great energy;

    "She threw the blanket around the child"
    "thrust the money in the hands of the beggar"

  5. convey or communicate; of a smile, a look, a physical gesture;

    "Throw a glance"
    "She gave me a dirty look"

  6. cause to go on or to be engaged or set in operation;

    "switch on the light"
    "throw the lever"

  7. put or send forth;

    "She threw the flashlight beam into the corner"
    "The setting sun threw long shadows"
    "cast a spell"
    "cast a warm light"

  8. to put into a state or activity hastily, suddenly, or carelessly;

    "Jane threw dinner together"
    "throw the car into reverse"

  9. cause to be confused emotionally

  10. utter with force; utter vehemently;

    "hurl insults"
    "throw accusations at someone"

  11. organize or be responsible for;

    "hold a reception"
    "have, throw, or make a party"
    "give a course"

  12. make on a potter's wheel;

    "she threw a beautiful teapot"

  13. cause to fall off;

    "The horse threw its inexperienced rider"

  14. throw (a die) out onto a flat surface;

    "Throw a six"

  15. be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly;

    "These questions confuse even the experts"
    "This question completely threw me"
    "This question befuddled even the teacher"

throw的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Pick out some good apples from the box, and throw away the rest.
    把好苹果从盒子里捡出来,剩下的扔了。
  2. The trees threw long shadows across the lawn.
    树在草坪上都投下长长的影子。
  3. It's your turn to throw the dice.
    轮到你掷骰子了。
  4. He threw the stone in the air.
    他把石头抛向空中。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. My nephew lives only a stone's throw from my house.
    我侄子住得离我家很近。
  2. What are the requirements for the throw itself?
    对投掷本身的要求有哪些?

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. You throw, and I'll catch.
    你投,我来接。
  2. He throws well.
    他掷得很远。
  3. He can throw a hundred yards.
    他能投100码远。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Don't throw stones.
    不要扔石子。
  2. He threw his last four grenades.
    他投出了最后的四颗手榴弹。
  3. A cannon throws shells.
    一门大炮能发射炮弹。
  4. The fire engine throws a long stream of water.
    消防车喷出长长的水柱。
  5. The wrestler threw his opponent.
    那个摔跤手把对手摔倒了。
  6. The horse threw the rider.
    马把骑马人摔下来。
  7. I am not going to let the setback throw me.
    我不会因这一挫折而一蹶不振。
  8. A cicada throws its slough.
    蝉是要蜕皮的。
  9. A snake throws its skin.
    蛇蜕皮。
  10. The mare has just thrown a foal in the stable.
    那匹母马刚刚在马厩里产下了一只小马驹。
  11. His strange behaviour had greatly thrown her.
    他的奇怪举动使她大惑不解。
  12. The examination question threw me and I couldn't answer it.
    试题把我难住了,我没答出来。
  13. This problem is hard enough to throw the teacher.
    这道题足以把老师难住。
  14. The road signs threw the driver.
    各种路牌把司机弄糊涂了。
  15. The news of her death really threw me.
    她去世的消息使我感到惊讶。
  16. Star basketball players have accepted bribes to throw games.
    明星篮球队员接受贿赂要故意输掉比赛。
  17. He almost threw a fit when he saw the bill.
    他看到那账单时几乎大吃一惊。
  18. He hoped to see the plan fail and looked for a chance to throw a monkey wrench into the machinery.
    他希望看到计划失败,寻找机会破坏机器。
  19. Just because you can't do what you want there's no need to throw a wobbly.
    只是因为你不能随心所欲,也没有必要发脾气。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He threw me the ball.
    他把球扔给我。
  2. Throw the poor dog a bone.
    扔根骨头给那条可怜的狗。
  3. The crowd threw the criminal a furious look.
    人群向犯罪分子投以愤怒的目光。
  4. He threw me a curve about the hiring.
    他说了关于解雇的事真让我吃惊。
  5. 1
  6. He was thrown a book.
    有人扔给他一本书。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. He threw some coins to the beggar.
    他向乞丐丢去了几个硬币。
  2. The woman threw grain to the chicken.
    那妇女撒谷子给鸡吃。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + n./adj.
  1. He threw the door open and walked in.
    他猛地把门打开,走了进去。
  2. 1
  3. The castle was thrown open two days a week.
    该城堡每周有两天对公众开放。
  4. The competition was thrown open to the public.
    这项比赛公开举行了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He made a nice throw.
    他掷得好。
  2. There was a good throw!
    掷得真棒!
  3. He was the first place in the discus throw.
    他掷铁饼获得第一名。
  4. They live about a stone's throw from my father's.
    他们住的地方离我父亲的家没有多远。
  5. The stronger wrestler won the first throw.
    较壮的那个摔跤手第一跤就赢了。
  6. She achieved a throw of sixty metres in the javelin event.
    在掷标枪项目中,她掷了60米远。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
throw about (v.+adv.)
    〈口〉盛气凌人,骄横跋扈 be domineering (using one's authority or power)
    throw sth ⇔ about

    Don't throw waste paper about in the park.

    不要在公园里乱扔废纸。

    throw one's weight about

    I'm tired of him throwing his weight about , who does he think he is anyway?

    我讨厌他盛气凌人,他又有什么了不起呢?

throw aside (v.+adv.)
    把…扔在一旁 cause to pitch aside
    throw sth ⇔ aside

    The boy jumped up and threw aside his cap.

    那男孩跳了起来,把帽子扔到一边。

    He threw aside all good proposals.

    他拒绝了所有好的建议。

throw at (v.+prep.)
    投向,掷向 cast sth at sb/sth
    throw oneself/sth at sb/sth

    He threw a fierce look at me, so I wondered what I had done wrong.

    他向我投来严厉的目光,我纳闷我到底干了什么错事。

    Make sure that you behave very correctly towards the officer, or he's likely to throw the book at you for disobedience.

    跟军官打交道你务必要循规蹈矩,否则他很可能指责你不服从命令。

    No politician will win the votes of serious-minded people if all he does is throwing mud at his opponent.

    如果一位政治家只会毁谤其政敌,那他就不会得到认真持重的人们的选票。

    John is very attractive and I understand why you've fallen in love for him, but there's no need to throw yourself at him.

    约翰是很有吸引力的,因此我明白你为什么爱上他,不过你没有必要拼命讨好他。

throw away (v.+adv.)
    浪费; 错过 waste; fail to take advantage of
throw back (v.+adv.)
    迫使某人依靠某事物 force sb to rely on sth
    throw sth ⇔ back

    A spectator threw the ball back to the players.

    一个观众把球掷回给球员。

    throw sth ⇔ back

    The cold he caught threw back his recovery from rheumatism.

    感冒拖延了他风湿病痊愈的时间。

    throw sb back on sth

    The shortage of gas has thrown us back on the use of bicycles.

    由于汽油短缺,我们只好再用自行车作交通工具。

    Her friends had deserted her, and she was thrown back on her own resources.

    她的朋友们都抛弃了她,因此她只得依靠自己了。

throw by (v.+prep.)
    把…扔在一旁 cause to pitch aside
    throw by sth

    Maybe she'll be thrown by like a scrap of paper.

    她或许会像一张纸片一样被抛弃。

    Spears are thrown by hand.

    矛是用手掷的。

throw down (v.+adv.)
    抛弃,拒绝 cast off; reject
throw dust in sb's eyes
    欺骗 deceive
throw in1 (v.+adv.)
    把…插入讨论、计划等bring into a discussion, a plan, etc. as an addition
    throw sth ⇔ in

    If you buy a television set, the store will throw in a microphone.

    如果你买一台电视机,商店会赠送一只麦克风。

    If you're set on buying the house, we'll throw in the carpets and curtains at no extra cost.

    如果你决定买房子,我们将免费赠送地毯和窗帘。

    throw sth ⇔ in

    The diplomat threw in a joke, and the tension was instantly relieved.

    那位外交官插进一个笑话,紧张的气氛顿时缓和下来。

    throw in that-clause

    She threw in that she must resign.

    她插嘴说她必须辞职。

throw in2 (v.+prep.)
    认输 admit defeat or loss
    throw sth in sth

    At 10 somebody threw a bomb in a street there.

    十点钟有人在那里一条街上扔了一颗炸弹。

    After reading the letter, he threw it in the waste-paper basket.

    他看了信之后,把它扔进了废纸篓。

    throw in the towel

    After taking a beating for five rounds, the boxer threw in the towel.

    在五个回合中挨打之后,这位拳击手认输了。

throw into (v.+prep.)
    把…扔进…; 投身于work busily at
    throw sb/oneself into sth

    The girl threw a stone into the well.

    女孩往井里投下一块石头。

    Despite the difficulties he threw himself into the research.

    尽管困难重重,他还是全心投入了调查研究。

    The enemy threw 200,000 men into his Yanan assault.

    敌人投入二十万人进攻延安。

    Far from retreating, he threw all his time and energy into secret revolutionary work.

    他不仅丝毫没有后退,而且把全部时间和精力都投入了秘密革命工作。

    This threw the reactionary police into utter panic.

    这使反动警察极为惊恐。

    The first waterfall they passed threw her into ecstasy.

    他们经过的第一道瀑布使她高兴极了。

    Anyone who refused to bow before Gessler was thrown into prison.

    凡是拒绝在盖斯勒面前鞠躬的人都被投进监狱。

    The meeting was thrown into disorder.

    会议顿时陷入混乱之中。

    Their regiment was thrown into action at once.

    他们团立即投入战斗。

    The country was thrown into a state of anarchy.

    这国家那时一下子陷入无政府状态。

throw off (v.+adv.)
    摆脱 get rid of; free oneself from
throw on (v.+prep.)
    穿上 put on
    throw sth on sth

    The trees throw a shadow on the grass.

    树木在草地上投下了阴影。

    throw cold water on sb/sth

    Don't throw cold water on them.

    不要向他们泼冷水。

    Most people thought little of his suggestion and threw cold water on him.

    大多数人看不起他的建议,给他泼凉水。

    He wasn't discouraged when they threw cold water on his ideas.

    他们对他的想法浇冷水时,他并不泄气。

    throw doubt on sth

    In doing so,he had thrown doubt on some people's religious beliefs.

    他这样做,使人们对某些人的宗教信仰产生了怀疑。

    throw light on sth

    This information throws light on the mystery of the President's death.

    这消息给弄清总统神秘之死提供了线索。

    But there was nothing to throw light on the connection between the two men.

    但没有什么东西使人了解这两人之间的关系。

    It threw light on the mentality of his former friend.

    它使他对他故友的思想有了一些了解。

    These findings are very valuable for they throw much light on the history of textile art.

    这些发现很有价值,因为它们对纺织工业发展史提供了资料。

    Your investigation has thrown light on this question.

    你们的调查使得这个问题清楚了。

    The scientist's experiments have thrown great light on the amazing ways honeybees communicate in their dark hives.

    这位科学家的实验很清楚地表明了在黑暗的蜂房里,蜜蜂是怎样以很巧妙的方式传递信息的。

    Illustrations throw light on the text.

    图解是帮助说明正文的。

    throw on sth

    He threw on his gown.

    他穿上他的礼服。

throw out (v.+adv.)
    提出(暗示、建议等) put forth or offer as a hint or suggestion
throw over (v.+adv.)
    放弃,背弃 abandon; give up
    throw sb/sth ⇔ over

    They felt inclined to throw the whole thing over.

    他们倾向于放弃整个打算。

    He thought it wasn't right to throw people over.

    他认为背弃别人是不对的。

throw to (v.+prep.)
    摔倒在地 pitch sb/sth to sth
    throw sb/sth to the ground

    Why did you throw the boy to the ground?

    你为什么要把那小孩摔倒在地呢?

    He seized the man and threw him to the ground.

    他抓住那人,把他摔倒在地。

throw together (v.+adv.)
    仓促地集成; 集拢; 集合 assemble hastily; bring together
    throw sb/sth ⇔ together

    That conference has thrown them together again.

    那次会议使他们又相聚在一起。

    Chance threw us together at a party.

    一个偶然的机会使我们在一个聚会上相遇。

    I'm glad you liked the meal—it was just something I threw together at the last minute.

    你喜欢这顿饭我很高兴——这顿饭是我在最后时刻匆匆拼凑而成的。

    She made supper from leftovers she had thrown together.

    她用吃剩的食物拼凑成一顿晚饭。

    That last textbook of his seems to have been thrown together.

    他写的最后一部教科书似乎是仓促间编成的。

    They were thrown together by a common interest.

    共同的兴趣使他们走到了一起。

throw up (v.+adv.)
    浪费,荒废 waste; fail to take advantage of
    throw sb/sth ⇔ up

    Come to the bottom of the ladder and throw up the other brush, will you?

    到梯子底下把另一把刷子扔上来好吗?

    The passing car threw up a cloud of white soot.

    开过去的汽车掀起一阵白色的烟尘。

    The machine threw up great heaps of earth.

    那机器铲起一大堆一大堆的土。

    The baby loved being thrown up into the air and safely caught again.

    这个婴儿喜欢被抛起来再被稳稳地接住。

    throw up one's hands

    His mother threw up her hands in despair when the boy failed yet another examination.

    那孩子再次考试仍不及格,他母亲完全失望了。

    That's the last time I'm trying; I throw up my hands!

    那是我最后一次尝试; 我彻底认输了!

    She entered the room, then threw up her hands in horror at the terrible sight that met her eyes.

    她走进房间,看见那可怕的情景,吓得毛骨悚然。

    throw up

    He got terribly drunk and was throwing up for most of the night.

    他喝得烂醉,呕吐了大半夜。

    throw sth ⇔ up

    Mike got sick and threw up everything he had eaten.

    迈克恶心,把吃的东西全部吐了出来。

    He took the medicine but threw it up almost immediately afterwards.

    他把药吃了下去,但几乎立刻又吐出来了。

    throw sth ⇔ up

    John threw up his job to go to Africa as a missionary.

    为了去非洲当传教士,约翰辞去了他的工作。

    She threw up a promising career as a model to get married.

    为了结婚,她放弃了很有前途的模特职业。

    A career such as that is not one that should be thrown up without serious thought.

    这种职业不是那种可以不经慎重考虑就放弃掉的职业。

    throw up v-ing

    Rod has decided to throw up playing squash because he's getting too old for it.

    罗德决定不再玩壁球,因为玩这个他年纪太大了。

    throw sth ⇔ up

    Let's use this wood to throw up a shelter for the night.

    咱们用这木头赶快搭个棚过夜吧。

    The builders threw up some temporary huts for the victims of the earthquake.

    建筑工人们为地震灾民建成了一些临时住的棚屋。

    throw sb/sth ⇔ up

    The conference has thrown up a number of interesting problems.

    会议提出了不少令人感兴趣的问题。

    Our country has thrown up a number of great writers.

    我们国家出了许多大作家。

    He threw up several ideas on the construction of the dam.

    他为水坝的建造出了一些主意。

    throw sth ⇔ up

    You shouldn't throw up a chance like that!

    像那样的机会你真不该错过!

    Don't throw up your education by leaving now.

    别现在就离开,荒废了你的学业。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Downe himselfe he layd Upon the grassy ground to sleepe a throw.

    出自: Spenser
  • There they were, a stone's throw away from her.

    出自: R. Frame
  • The empty boat thrawed i' the wind.

    出自: D. G. Rossetti

throw的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. throw的基本意思是“投”“掷”“抛”,指用工具或徒手(弯曲臂肘)将物体以迅速发力的动作抛出,也可泛指任何推进动作,是日常用语,不带感情色彩。引申可表示“难住”“摔倒”“挺”“摆脱”“脱(皮)”“投射(光线,阴影)”“施加(影响)”等。
  2. throw既可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时接名词、代词作宾语,也可接双宾语(其间接宾语可以转化为介词to的宾语)。
  3. throw还可接由形容词充当补足语的复合宾语,当宾语较长或包含有疑问词或关系代词时,形容词常跟在动词的后面。
n. (名词)
  1. throw用作名词时,基本意思是“投,掷,抛”,引申可指“投掷的距离”,是可数名词。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
throw sth to sb, throw sth at sb
  • 二者区别在于:前者是“把某物扔给某人”,含有让某人接住某物的意味,是善意的; 而后者的意思是“把某物向某人扔去”,含有寻衅的意味,是恶意的。试比较:
  • The boy throws a bone to the dog.
  • 那小孩给狗扔了一块骨头。(善意)
  • The boy throws a bone at the dog.
  • 那小孩把一块骨头扔到狗身上。(恶意)
  • throw oneself into, throw oneself on
  • 这两个短语的意思不同:前者作“奋力投入”解; 而后者作“委身于”“任人摆布”解。例如:
  • All the students have thrown themselves into the campaign to learn from Lei Feng.全体同学都投入到学雷锋运动中。
  • Take your destiny into your own hands, and never throw yourself on the mercy of others.要自己掌握自己的命运,绝不能听他人摆布。
  • throw up, blame for
  • 二者均含有“因坏事而责备某人”的意思, throw up常用于美式英语中,而blame for常用于英式英语中。
  • throw, cast, fling, hurl, pitch, toss
  • 这组词的共同意思是“投,掷,抛”,都可指用工具或徒手将物体用力抛出。其区别是:
  • 1.throw是这些词中最普通的词,使用广泛,也不带任何感情色彩。
  • 2.cast强调“迅速抛出”;fling强调“奋力抛出”;hurl指用力投掷,动作迅猛,强调投掷的距离较“远”;pitch强调“技巧性”,主要用于体育项目;toss则指“轻松、不在意或无目的地乱甩”。
  • 3.cast和toss所抛出的物品一般较轻,其余各词则可轻可重。
  • 4.hurl和pitch的方向性、目的性比较明确,其余各词则没有明确的方向性和目的性。
  • 5.fling指奋力投掷,也可指感情激动时漫无目标地、粗暴地扔东西,具有强烈的感情色彩。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      那陌生人朝狗扔石头。

      The stranger threw stones to the dog.

      The stranger threw stones at the dog.

      说着这些话,猴子便将那块大石头朝鳄鱼扔去。

      With these words, the monkey threw that big stone to the crocodile.

      With these words, the monkey threw that big stone at the crocodile.

      小孩丢豆子给鸽子吃。

      The children threw some peas at the pigeon.

      The children threw some peas to the pigeon.

      throw sth at sb/sth 的意思是“把某物向某人扔去”,含有寻衅的意味,是恶意的。表示“给饵料”要用throw...to。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 1300年左右进入英语,直接源自古英语的rawan,意为扭动,歪曲。
    今日热词
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