aim

  基本词汇  
[eɪm]     [eɪm]    
  • n.目标;对准;枪法
  • vt.瞄准;针对
  • vi.瞄准;旨在;致力
aimed aimed aiming aims
new

aim是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 目标,目的,靶子
  2. 瞄准,瞄准的方向,照准
  3. 宗旨,志向,方针
  4. 导航,引导
  5. 感应
  6. 企图,意图,打算
  7. 猜想,推测
abbr.(缩略词)
  1. =Accuracy In Media 平均精度
  2. =American Indian Movement 美国印第安人运动
  3. =air intercept missile 空中截击导弹
v.(动词)
  1. (把…)瞄准,(把…)对准,( 将…)针对
  2. 旨在,致力,目的是
  3. 以…用于
  4. 把...指向,把…掷向
  5. 指望
  6. 主要,着眼,立志,以…为目标
  7. 对象是
  8. 打算,意欲,企图
  9. 力求达到,力争做到

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. (以…)瞄准; 针对 point (a gun etc.) towards; send, direct a blow or object at sb/sth
  2. vt. & vi. 以…为目标〔目的〕 have as an intention; try, direct one's efforts
  3. vt. & vi. 计划,打算 hope to reach one's purpose; plan
n.(名词)
  1. [U]瞄准 the act of directing weapon, etc. at object; the act of aiming
  2. [C]目标,目的 purpose, intention, goal, target

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
aim : 瞄准, 企图 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
aim : 空中拦截导 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
aim : =Alternati ...
aim : 目标 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;

    "his intent was to provide a new translation"
    "good intentions are not enough"
    "it was created with the conscious aim of answering immediate needs"
    "he made no secret of his designs"

  2. the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable);

    "the sole object of her trip was to see her children"

  3. the action of directing something at an object;

    "he took aim and fired"

  4. the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies

Verb:
  1. point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards;

    "Please don't aim at your little brother!"
    "He trained his gun on the burglar"
    "Don't train your camera on the women"
    "Take a swipe at one's opponent"

  2. propose or intend;

    "I aim to arrive at noon"

  3. move into a desired direction of discourse;

    "What are you driving at?"

  4. specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public

  5. intend (something) to move towards a certain goal;

    "He aimed his fists towards his opponent's face"
    "criticism directed at her superior"
    "direct your anger towards others, not towards yourself"

  6. direct (a remark) toward an intended goal;

    "She wanted to aim a pun"

  7. have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal

aim的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. What is your aim in life?
    你的生活目标是什么?
  2. The aim of the policy is the preservation of peace.
    这一政策旨在维护和平。
  3. Take careful aim at the target before firing.
    开火之前仔细瞄准目标。
用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. The policeman aimed his gun at the fugitive.
    警察用枪对准逃犯。
  2. This anti-alcohol campaign is mainly aimed at young teenagers.
    这场反酗酒运动主要是针对青少年的。
用作不及物动词 (vi.)
  1. You have to aim at the centre of the target.
    你得瞄准靶心。
  2. He aims to be a successful writer.
    他的目标是成为一个成功的作家。
  3. We aim for a quick turnover of stock in our stores.
    我们的目的是要加速本百货店的库存周转。
  4. We aim to speed up our delivery times.
    我们正力争加快交货时间。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He aimed carefully before he let the arrow fly.
    他仔细瞄准后才把箭射出去。
  2. Rick told me it was hard luck he had aimed too high.
    里克告诉我他目标定的太高是件倒霉的事。
  3. So you're going to be Prime Minister when you grow up? You are aiming high.
    你长大后要做总理? 你雄心不小。
  4. We should go all out and aim high.
    我们应当鼓足干劲,力争上游。
  5. Work hard and aim high!
    奋发图强!
  6. Aim high and have lofty ambition!
    树雄心,立壮志!
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He aimed the gun carefully.
    他用枪仔细瞄准。
  2. He aims a violent blow upon her.
    他对准她下了重击。
S+~+to- v
  1. I aim to be an engineer.
    我有志成为一名工程师。
  2. I aim to be friendly.
    我是想友好相待的。
  3. Harry aims to become a computer expert.
    哈利立志成为一名计算机专家。
  4. I aim to finish up this job.
    我打算结束这项工作。
  5. We aim to perfect ourselves in English.
    我们的目的在于使自己精通英语。
  6. Mary aimed to please her customers.
    玛丽的目的是取悦于自己的顾客。
  7. He aims to encourage mutual understanding.
    他的目的在于增进相互了解。
  8. She aims to gain the Nobel Prize.
    她的目标是获得诺贝尔奖金。
  9. He aims to save up enough money for a world cruise.
    他打算储蓄足够的钱供环球旅行之用。
  10. They said the push aimed to eliminate threat to the city.
    他们说这一努力旨在排除对城市的威胁。
  11. She aims to succeed.
    她立志成功。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. His aim was very good〔excellent〕.
    他瞄得很准。
  2. His aim with a gun isn't as good as his aim with a bow.
    他用枪不如用弓瞄得准。
  3. The gunner's aim was on target.
    枪手瞄准了靶子。
  4. His aim was so poor that he missed the lion.
    他的瞄准很差,没打中狮子。
  5. He missed his aim, and did not hit the target.
    他瞄错了目标,没打准。
  6. He leaned against a tree to steady his aim.
    他靠在树上稳定瞄准。
  7. His aim is honorable and praiseworthy.
    他的目的是高尚的,值得称赞的。
  8. Its aim is the vast improvement and education of the people.
    它旨在大幅度地提高人民的素质和教育水平。
  9. Her aim was to do two years' work in one.
    她的目标是一年内完成二年的工作。
  10. Our aim is to make the students' speech comprehensible.
    我们的目的是使学生的讲话被人理解。
  11. What's your aim in life?
    你人生的目标是什么?
  12. They had similar aims.
    他们有相似的目标。
  13. She is determined to achieve her aim of being a scientist.
    她决心要实现当科学家的目标。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
aim at (v.+prep.)
  1. (以…)瞄准; 针对,以…为目标 point a gun etc. towards; send, direct a blow or object at sb/sth; have as a plan or intention aim at sb/sth/v-ing

    He drew his pistol and aimed at the enemy soldier.他拔出枪对准敌兵。

    They raised their guns and aimed at the enemies' backs.他们端起枪,瞄准了敌人的后背。

    Mr. Abye was not a good hunter. He aimed at a rabbit, but hit a bird.艾比先生不是个好猎手,他瞄准了一只兔子,却打中了一只鸟。

    He forced himself to breathe slowly, and aimed at the tiger's head.他努力使自己呼吸放松,瞄准了虎头。

    When shooting an arrow, one must aim at the target.射箭要对准靶。

    He aimed at the target and hit three bull's eyes in succession.他瞄准目标,三枪连中靶心。

    I didn't mean to hit the cat,I was aiming at the tree.我没想到打中猫,我瞄准的是树。

    In saying this,I'm not aiming at you.我这话不是针对你说的。

    What are you aiming at by saying that?你这样说的用意何在?

    We aim at success in the examination.我们目的在于在考试中成功。

    We are aiming at a higher production level.我们旨在提高生产水平。

    This dictionary aims at explaining the most common mistakes in word use.本词典旨在说明用词上最易犯的通病。

    The factory must aim at increasing production.工厂必须以增产为目的。

    This book aims at giving a general outline of the subject.此书旨在对这个问题予以概述。

    This education aimed at combining brain work with manual labour.此项教育的目的在于实现脑力劳动与体力劳动的结合。

    aim sth at sb/sth

    She aimed a revolver at me.她用左轮手枪瞄准我。

    The detective aimed his pistol at the criminal.侦探把他的手枪对准犯人。

    He aimed his gun at the lion, fired and missed.他把枪对准狮子,开了火,但没打中。

    Aim the gun at the barn door.用枪瞄准谷仓的门。

    You will have to aim your gun more carefully at the chosen object.你得更细心地瞄准,把枪对准选定的目标。

    I walked over and saw him aiming his home-made gun at a hole.我走过去看见他用自己做的枪对着一个洞瞄准。

    The big boy aimed a blow at me.那个大个男孩朝我打来一拳。

    He picked up a stone and aimed it at the dog.他捡起一块石头朝狗打去。

    Tom got angry at his brother and aimed a heavy book at his head.汤姆对他弟弟大发雷霆,拿起一本厚厚的书对准弟弟的头掷去。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    My remark was not aimed at you.我的议论不是针对你的。

    His criticism was obviously aimed at us.他的批评显然是针对我们的。

    His speech was aimed at the boys who had not played fair.他说的是那些没认真表演的孩子们。

    The judge's remarks were aimed at the journalists who were reporting the case.法官的评论是针对正在报道此案的记者们讲的。

    This anti-smoking campaign is mainly aimed at young teenagers.这次反吸烟运动主要是针对青少年的。

    When the teacher said there was a lazy boy in the class, he was aiming at Jack.教师说班上有个懒学生,他指的是杰克。

    We all realized who that remark was aimed at.我们心里都明白那句话是冲谁说的。

    I don't know at whom the Minister's remarks were aimed, but he ought not to say such thing.我不知道部长的那番话是针对谁的,但他不应该说那些话。

    The visit was aimed at expanding relations between the two countries.访问的目的是扩展两国的关系。

    The offensive is aimed at gaining complete control of route 7.发动这次攻势的目的是要完全控制第七号公路。

    The statement was aimed at raising his personal prestige.发表这个声明只是为了提高他个人的威信。

    The new decree is aimed at stopping the black market in Western merchandise.新法令旨在禁止西方货品的黑市。

  2. 计划,打算 try, direct one's efforts; hope to reach one's purpose aim at sth/v-ing

    He aimed at the apple and orange.他想要苹果和橘子。

    He aims at perfection in everything he does.他每干一件事都力求干得尽善尽美。

    Harry aims at becoming a doctor.哈利立志做一名医生。

    You should always aim at doing your job well.你应力求始终做好本职工作。

    If the people aim at obtaining some advantage in rank or fortune, nobody wishes them success.假如这些人一心想升官发财,是没有人希望他们成功的。

    Others

    Finally in 1863 an insurrection broke out, aiming at independence.终于在1863年爆发了旨在独立的起义。

    Everything aimed at has now been achieved .所有的目的都已达到。

aim for (v.+prep.)
  1. 计划,打算 hope to reach one's purpose aim for sth

    He aimed for her leg.他企图抓住她的腿。

    We should aim for the best results.我们力求获得最佳结果。

    She aims for perfection.她力求成为一个完美的人。

    We're aiming for complete enrollment.我们希望全部加入。

    She was aiming for the top in her career.她立志攀登事业的顶峰。

    It soon became clear that he was aiming for a directorship.他想当厂长的意图很快便看清了。

    We aim for the completion of the task by the end of the year.我们的最终目的是最迟年底完成这项工作。

用作名词 (n.)
give aim
  1. 报告射靶结果 report the results of shooting, standing aside far away

    The soldier is giving aim to his official. 士兵正给长官报告射靶结果。

have an aim
  1. 有目标,有雄心 have purpose, have ambition

    He has a high aim in life. 他人生目标很高。

take aim (at)
  1. 瞄准 get ready to hit

    Take aim! Fire! 瞄准!放!

    The captain orders “Take aim”, finally. 船长终于下令“瞄准”。

    She takes good aim. 她射得准。

    Before the hunter could take aim, the deer jumped out of sight. 在猎手瞄准前,鹿已经逃了。

    This man takes a steady aim. 这个人的目标坚定不移。

    He took careful aim at the target before he fired. 开火之前他仔细地瞄准了目标。

    He took aim at the bird but missed. 他向那只鸟瞄准,但未射中。

    The gunners took aim at the enemy spy plane and brought it down. 射手们瞄准敌人的间谍飞机,把它打了下来。

with the aim of
  1. 以…为目标,其目的是为了 as a purpose with sth

    He invested his money with the aim of providing himself with an income when he retired. 他投资是为了保证自己退休以后能有收入。

    The competition was started with the aim of encouraging young writers. 我们开展此项竞赛以鼓励新的年轻作家为目的。

without aim
  1. 无目的 no purpose

    The girl does everything without aim. 这个姑娘办事没目标。

    You cannot go through life without any aim at all. 你不能毫无目的地混一辈子。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • A garish flag To be the aim of every dangerous shot.

    出自:Richard III,Shakespeare
  • I asked her who had taught her to aim so well.

    出自:J. Rhys

aim的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. aim在指“旨在”时,后常接at和动名词(英国),或接不定式(美国)。

    He aims at mastering English.(英国)
    He aims to master English.(美国)

  2. 在使用aiming时,英国人常接不定式,不过要尽量避免...ing at ...ing的格式;
  3. take aim(瞄准)和take good aim里不加冠词an或a;
  4. aim搭配的介词不可以随意互换。

    Her aim in visiting the school was to see the library.
    句中的in不可换成of。

    She visited the school with the aim of seeing the library.
    句中的with不可换成for。

v.(动词)
  1. aim的基本意思是指用武器或类似物“瞄准”要射击的目标,引申可表示“针对”某人〔物、事物〕或者以某物作为其既定的目标、目的。aim还可表示“计划”或“打算”。
  2. 作“瞄准”解时, aim是不及物动词; 作“以…瞄准…”或“针对”解时, aim是及物动词,以枪、箭或话语、批评等词作宾语,而以at引起的短语表示目的物。
  3. aim作“以…为目标”“计划”“打算”解时抱有很明确的目的,并常指正为之努力或争取。可用作不及物动词,其后接介词at或for引起的短语; 也可用作及物动词,接动词不定式作宾语或用于be aimed at结构。
n.(名词)
  1. aim用作名词时含义上与用作动词时相同,一是表示“瞄准(的动作)”,二是表示“目标,目的”。
  2. aim作“瞄准”解时是不可数名词,其前不用冠词; 作“目的”解时, aim是可数名词,其前可加不定冠词或数词。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
aim to-v, aim at v-ing
aim在作“目的在于…”解时接动词不定式或“at+动名词”均可,只是to do的形式在美国更多用些,而at doing的形式在英国更多用些。另外,美式英语中还常用aim to do表示“想干”“打算干”,而英式英语中则常用hope和try。例如:
  • 我想明天把它完成。
  • I aim to finish it tomorrow.(AmE)
  • I hope to finish it tomorrow.(BrE)
  • 我打算每周写一封家信。
  • I aim to write a letter home every week.
  • (AmE)
  • I try to write a letter home every week.
  • (BrE)
aim at, aim for
这两个短语都可以表示“希望(达到某个目标)”。其区别在于:
1.在含义上, aim for比aim at更强调“最终目的”(而不是为它而做的努力)。例如:
It isn't just a seat in the Cabinet at which he is aiming, but the Prime Ministership itself.他不仅想当内阁大臣,而且是当首相。
I was aiming for the chimney-pot, but the stone fell short and went through a skylight in the roof.我原想打烟筒管帽的,但是石头没有击中目标,穿过了屋顶上的天窗。
2.aim at后可接名词或动名词; 而aim for之后只接名词,不接动名词。
3.aim at除表示“希望(达到某个目标)”外,还可表示“瞄准”“针对”,且这时可以用于被动结构; 而aim for不表示“瞄准”和“针对”,也不用于被动结构。
aim at, be aimed at
这两者的共同意思是“目的是,旨在”,其区别在于:
1.构成不同:aim at是由不及物动词+介词(短语)构成的短语动词,用作及物动词; 而be aimed at中的aimed是过去分词,用于系表结构。
2.作用不同:aim at既可表示状态,又可表示动作; 而be aimed at只能表示状态。例如:
I wonder what he was aiming at.我不知道他当时的目的何在。
He aims at improving his pronunciation.他想要改进他的发音。
The modification is aimed at improving efficiency.改进旨在提高效率。
3.aim at还可以表示“瞄准”; 而be aimed at则无此含义。
aim, level, point, train
这组词的共同意思是“对准”“瞄准”,它们之间的区别是:
1.瞄准方法不同:aim指端起枪瞄准; train指把枪放在对准其目标的位置上; level指把枪放在水平位置上瞄准; point则指以某物的一端或尖端对准某一点。例如:
The army trained its cannon on the fort.军队把大炮对准了要塞。
The second sentry leveled his halberd at the parson's breast.第二个警卫把他的戟对准了牧师的胸口。
He pointed his finger at me.他用手指着我。
2.搭配范围不同:aim和train可以表示以镜头对准; 而level和point不能这样用。例如可以说He trained the camera upon the children.它把相机对准孩子们。
3.连用的介词不同:aim与at, for连用; train与on〔upon〕连用; level与at, against 连用; 而point则与at, to连用。
4.使用场合不同:aim for多见于较正式的文体中。
n.(名词)
aim, goal, purpose
这组词的共同含义是“目的”,常通用,如aim〔goal,purpose〕 in life人生目标。它们之间的区别主要在于:
1.goal指比较宏大的总目标; purpose指近期比较确定的意图; aim指短期内比较具体、实际的目标。例如:
He often asked himself what his goal in life should be.他常常自问人生的目标该是什么。
Do you come here for the purpose of seeing your family or for business purpose?你来此地是为了看家还是为了做生意?
Their aim was to take over industry for her.他们的目标是为她接管产业。
再如下面把aim和goal用在同一个句子里,其区别就更明显易见了:
His aim was to pass his examinations this year and go to college so he could eventually reach his goal of being a teacher.他的目标是今年考上大学,以便最终实现当教师的抱负。
2.purpose强调“有意去做”(行动坚决); aim强调“集中精力去做”(联想“瞄准”)。在努力程度上, aim比purpose要弱。例如:
I am afraid he did it on purpose.我担心他是有意这么做的。
His only aim in life is to make a fortune.他生活的唯一目标是赚钱发财。
3.goal具有理想性,并不强调最后一定要实现; purpose和aim则暗示能够实现,这在动词aim for中体现最明显。例如:
The presidency was the goal of his ambition.他的奋斗目标是当总统。
His aim is to become a doctor.他的目标是当一个医生。
4.purpose可以由他人来完成; 而goal则往往靠自己去努力。例如:
The purpose of a tutorial system was to let each student realize his own educational goal.导师制旨在让学生认清自己的学习目标。
5.aim不如goal和purpose生动。
aim goal purpose end target object objective
这些名词均有“目标、目的”之意。
  • aim:aim从本义“靶子”引申而来,侧重比较具体而明确的目标,但常指短期目标。
  • goal:goal指经过考虑和选择,需经坚持不懈的努力奋斗才能达到的最终目标。
  • purpose:purpose普通用词,既指以坚决、审慎的行动去达到的目的,又指心中渴望要实现的目标。
  • end:end指心目中怀着的某种目的,强调结果而非过程。较正式用词。
  • target:target指射击的靶,军事攻击目标。引申指被攻击、批评或嘲笑的目标。
  • object:object强调个人或需求而决定的目标、目的。
  • objective:objective与object基本同义,但语义更广泛,指具体或很快能达到的目的,也可指军事目标。书面用词。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我们希望用和平手段达到目标。

    We hope to reach our aim by peaceful means.

    We hope to achieve〔realize〕 our aim by peaceful means.

    aim不与reach连用,“达到目的”应说achieve〔realize aim〕。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:there is a growing trend in skincare for protection products ─ ones that aim to prevent premature aging rather than just attempt to repair the damage.

    纠正:there is a growing trend in skincare for protection products ─ ones that are designed to prevent premature aging rather than just to repair the damage.

    翻译:现有一种新的护肤趋势 - 设计的护肤产品不仅仅是用于修复创伤,还用于防止早衰。

    分析:产品本身不能有目标或企图。

词源解说

  • ☆ 14世纪初期入进英语,直接源自古法语的esmar;最初源自拉丁语的aestimare,意为估价计算。

aim的相关资料:

正版词典

aim : 目的;志向 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

aim的相关缩略词,共有251

互动百科

  • aim:概述 AIM的全称是:AmericanOnline Instant Messager美国在线即时通讯软件 是美国在线推出的即时通讯软件,类似于MSN,Yahoo!Messager等。 相关情况请点击…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词