name

  基本词汇  
[neɪm]     [neɪm]    
  • n. 名称;姓名;名义;名誉;名人
  • v. 命名;取名;说出( ... 的名字)
  • adj. 著名的
namable namer named named naming names
new

name的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n. (名词)
  1. 名称
  2. 名声,名誉,声誉
  3. 名字,姓名,名
  4. 外号,绰号
  5. <口>名人,知名之士
  6. 名义
  7. 空名
  8. 名词
  9. 虚名
  10. 名目
  11. 【逻、语法】概念的名称
v. (动词)
  1. 提名,任命,提名为,提名担任
  2. 列举
  3. 命名,给…取名
  4. 确定,说定,决定
  5. 说出…的名字,喊...的名字
  6. 正确说出...的名字
  7. 说出,陈说,准确陈述
  8. 指出...名字谴责,指名提到
  9. 名叫,(把…)称为
  10. 委派, 指定
adj. (形容词)
  1. 有名的,出名的,著名的,有名望的
  2. 据以取名的
  3. 带有姓名的

双解释义

n. (名词)
  1. [C]名字,名称 word or words by which a person, an animal, a place or a thing is known and spoken to or of
  2. [S]名声,名誉 reputation; fame
  3. [C]著名的人物,名人 famous person
v. (动词)
  1. vt. 给…取名 give a name to
  2. vt. 说出…的名字,提…的名字; 列举 say what the name of (sb/sth) is
  3. vt. 决定; 任命; 提名 nominate for; appoint to a position

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a language unit by which a person or thing is known;

    "his name really is George Washington"
    "those are two names for the same thing"

  2. a person's reputation;

    "he wanted to protect his good name"

  3. family based on male descent;

    "he had no sons and there was no one to carry on his name"

  4. a well-known or notable person;

    "they studied all the great names in the history of France"
    "she is an important figure in modern music"

  5. by the sanction or authority of;

    "halt in the name of the law"

  6. a defamatory or abusive word or phrase

Verb:
  1. assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to;

    "They named their son David"
    "The new school was named after the famous Civil Rights leader"

  2. give the name or identifying characteristics of; refer to by name or some other identifying characteristic property;

    "Many senators were named in connection with the scandal"
    "The almanac identifies the auspicious months"

  3. charge with a function; charge to be;

    "She was named Head of the Committee"
    "She was made president of the club"

  4. create and charge with a task or function;

    "nominate a committee"

  5. mention and identify by name;

    "name your accomplices!"

  6. make reference to;

    "His name was mentioned in connection with the invention"

  7. identify as in botany or biology, for example

  8. give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of;

    "List the states west of the Mississippi"

  9. determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis

name的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The committee's name has been acronymed NACA.
    该委员会的名称被缩合成NACA。
  2. Rubella is just another name for German measles.
    风疹只是德国麻疹的另一个名称。
  3. She signed the poem with her real name.
    她在诗后署上了自己的真实姓名。
  4. He refused to disclose his name and address.
    他拒绝透露自己的姓名和地址。
  5. I greet you in the name of the President.
    我代表总统前来迎接您。
  6. He has lent his name to the lofty cause.
    他以自己的名义支持这一崇高的事业。
  7. That brought discredit on his name.
    那件事使他的名誉受损。
  8. A good name is better than a good girdle.
    名誉胜过金钱。
  9. Elton John is a big name in the music business.
    埃尔顿●约翰在音乐发行界是个名人。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. You can name the bookmark at design time.
    您可以在设计时命名书签。
  2. A string can be supplied to name the file.
    字符串可以用来命名该文件。
  3. You can name your pet dog.
    你可以给宠物狗起个名字。
  4. She was named after her grandmother.
    她是根据她祖母的名字命名的。
  5. Can you name all the plants in this garden?
    你能说出这花园里所有植物的名字吗?
  6. Name the five wealthiest people in the world.
    请说出世界上最富有的五个人的名字。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. They don't know the name of the animal.
    他们不知道这种动物的名称。
  2. We naturally associate the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution.
    我们自然而然地把达尔文的名字与进化论联系在一起。
  3. I read her name on the polished brass plate.
    我在擦亮的黄铜门牌上看到了她的名字。
  4. We carved their names on the stones so that future generations would know what they had done.
    我们把他们的名字刻在石头上,为的是让后人知道他们的作为。
  5. The lovers carved their names on the tree.
    恋人们把他们的名字刻在这棵树上。
  6. She checked over the names on the list to ensure that everything was correct.
    她仔细核对名单上的名字确保准确无误。
  7. In a solemn voice, the councillor announced the names of the winners to the crowd.
    参议员庄严地向群众公布获胜者的名单。
  8. The policeman demanded his name and address.
    警察要求他说出姓名和住址。
  9. He checked their names off as they boarded the plane.
    在他们登上飞机时,他登记上了他们的姓名。
  10. He has a good name in the business.You can trust him.
    他在这一行名声好,可以信赖。
  11. The school has a name for good science.
    这学校以优良的理科教学而出名。
  12. He carved out a name for himself in the engineering business.
    在土木工程业方面,他孜孜以求为自己赢得了声誉。
  13. The father has a good name, but the son has an ill one.
    父亲名声不错,但儿子名声不好。
  14. Its poor service gave the restaurant a bad name.
    餐馆缺乏效率的服务使它名声很差。
  15. He kept books by all the great names and authorities.
    他保存了历代名人的著作。
  16. All the big names in the pop music world were at the party.
    流行音乐界的头面人物都参加了聚会。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Have you named the new baby yet?
    你给新婴儿取名了吗?
  2. Can you name these trees?
    你能叫出这些树的名字吗?
  3. You can name your own price.
    你可以提出你自己的价格。
  4. Before she could name that person she was shot dead.
    那个人的名字还没来得及说出口,她就被一枪打死了。
  5. Can you name the chief rivers of China?
    你能列举出中国的主要河流吗?
  6. He named some of the measures that had been taken.
    他列举了一些已经采取的措施。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as/for+) n.
  1. Her father named her Kitty.
    她父亲给她取名基蒂。
  2. He named one of us his representative at the meeting.
    他指定我们中的一个人作为他出席会议的代表。
  3. The teacher named John as monitor.
    老师提名约翰当班长。
  4. The President named him to be Secretary of State.
    总统任命他为国务卿。
  5. The manager named her for the secretary.
    经理任命她为秘书。
  6. 1
  7. He was named a model worker.
    他被授予劳动模范的称号。
  8. It was named the best documentary of the year.
    它被选为这一年最优秀的文献纪录片。
  9. Mr. Smith has been named as the directorship.
    史密斯先生已经被提名担任董事长职务。
  10. Although Jim had come first, his competitor was named as the winner, as Jim started before he should have done.
    虽然吉姆跑了第一,但他的对手却被提名为冠军,这是因为吉姆起跑时抢先了。
S+~+ n./pron. +(to-) v
  1. The president named him to head the delegation.
    总统指定他率领代表团。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
answer to one's name〔the name of〕
    听到叫自己的名字就答应,名叫… have the name of
call sb names
    骂某人 abuse or insult sb
drag sb/sb's name through the mire〔mud〕
    使某人蒙羞、丢脸 bring disgrace to sb by behaving every badly
drop names
    滥用显要人物以提高自身身价 mention famous or powerful people one is supposed to know, so as to impress others
enter one's name〔put one's name〕 down for
    报名上(学、课等) apply to enter (a school, college, course, etc.)
give one's name to
    以自己的名字命名某项发明创造 invent or originate sth which then becomes known by one's own name
in name only
    表面上,名义上 not in reality
in (the) name of〔in sb's name〕
    为某物的缘故 for the sake of sth
lend one's name to
    以自己的名义支持或帮助 allow oneself to be associated with sth
make a name for oneself
    〈非正〉使自己出名 earn oneself a reputation
name names
    指名道姓,公开点名 point out sb's name in public
put a name to
    知道或记住某人〔某事物〕的名称 know or remember what sb/sth is called
sb's name is mud
    名誉扫地,不讨人喜欢 sb is disliked or (often temporarily) unpopular because of sth he has done
take sb's name in vain
    滥用名字,上帝之名 use a name, especially God's, disrespectfully
the name of the game
    一项活动的主要目的或最重要的方面 the main purpose or most important aspect of an activity
under the name of
    用…作名字 using sth as a name instead of one's real name
用作动词 (v.)
name after〔for〕 (v.+prep.)
    以…的名字起名 give the same name of sb as
    name sb/sth after〔for〕 sb

    The child was named after her famous aunt.

    这孩子是以其著名的姑妈名来命名的。

    The machine is named after its inventor.

    这台机器是以其发明者的名字命名的。

    The Hudson River is named for the English explorer Henry Hudson.

    哈得孙河是以英国探险家亨利·哈得孙的名字命名的。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Peter Simple you say your name is?

    出自:Merry Wives of Windsor , Shakespeare
  • The name of the eldest..was Dulcima.

    出自: H. E. Bates
  • We named the child Barnabas.

    出自: T. S. Eliot
  • He had discovered an Indian mineral which was named after him.

    出自: P. L. Fermor

name的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. name作名词的基本意思是“名字,名称”,可以是人的名字,也可以是动物、事物或地方的名称,是可数名词。name还可作“名人”解。
  2. name作“名声,名誉”解时,一般指社会对人或某事物的评价,是单数名词,可与不定冠词a连用。
  3. name可作定语修饰其他名词,意为“有名的,名声卓著的”。
  4. 西方人的姓名包括姓和名,名在前,姓在后,如John Smith,John是名,Smith是姓。
v. (动词)
  1. name用作动词时意思是“给…取名”“说出…的名字”,引申可指“提名,任命”,还可指“列举”。
  2. name是及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语。作“取名”解时,可接名词充当补足语的复合宾语; 作“提名,任命”解时可接“(to be/as/for+) n. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. 表示“以…的名字起名”时,英式英语常说name after,美式英语则用name for来表示。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
name, title
  • 这两个词均可作“名”解。其区别是:
  • name一般只用于人、动物或地方,表示一种名称; title指书本歌曲戏剧等的名字,或指人的头衔,表示他的职位、职业、阶级、荣誉等。例如:
  • The title of painting is “A Winter Evening”.这幅画的名称是“一个冬天的傍晚”。
  • Captain, doctor, professor are titles.船长、医生、教授都是头衔。
  • v. (动词)
    name, appoint, designate, elect, nominate
  • 这组词都表示“宣布某人的职务、地位、工作”等。其区别是:
  • designate指当权的人或机构的选拔和任命,口气非常正式,有时到了生硬的程度; name则指不侧重选择,强调宣布,语气不那么正式,常用于政治机构或政府办公室人员的提名; nominate从词源学看,与name等同,但意思不同,指提出人选,供决策人取舍; elect指从候选人中作出最后的选择; appoint指不经选举的任命,任命人在法律上有这样的权力,这种选举本身可能是专断的,也可能是明智的。
  • name, call
  • 这两个词在与after构成短语表示“取名”“以…的名字命名”时,一般可以通用。例如:
  • The girl was called〔named〕 Mary after her mother.这女孩随她妈妈也取名叫玛丽。
  • Tasmania was named〔called〕 after its discoverer,A.J.Tasman.塔斯曼尼亚岛是以它的发现者塔斯曼命名的。
  • 这两个词之间的区别是:
  • 1.call的意思是“把…叫做…”,过去时、现在时或将来时都可以用; name则指“起名字”的一次性动作,一般不用于现在时。例如:
  • What are you going to call〔name〕 the baby?你打算给婴儿取什么名字?
  • She had a daughter last year.They call her Cage.她去年生了个女孩,他们把她叫做“凯奇”。
  • Her father named her Cage.她父亲给她取名“凯奇”。
  • 2.name指正式的命名, call则既可指正式的命名,也可用于别称。例如:
  • His name is Brooks but we call him Jim.他的名字是布鲁克斯,但我们都称他为吉姆。
  • It was named the Youth Canal.它被命名为青年渠。
  • We call him Iron Ox.我们管他叫铁牛。
  • 3.在表示“叫出名字”“提出”“提名为,任命”时,只能用name,不能用call; 而在表示“呼叫”“拜访”“认为”时,只能用call,而不能用name。
  • 下面三句意思上有差别:
  • The President named him Secretary of the State.
  • 总统任命〔提名〕他为国务卿。
  • The President named him to be Secretary of the State.
  • 总统任命他为国务卿。
  • The President named him as Secretary of the State.
  • 总统提名他为国务卿。
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      我的名字叫约翰。

      My name is called John.

      I am John.

      My name is John.

      I am called John.

      第一句不符合英语习惯。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的nama,意为名字。
    今日热词
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