name

  基本词汇  
[neɪm]     [neɪm]    
  • n.名称;姓名;名义;名誉;名人
  • v.命名;取名;说出( ... 的名字)
  • adj.著名的
namable namer named named naming names
new

name是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 名称
  2. 名声,名誉,声誉
  3. 名字,姓名,名
  4. 外号,绰号
  5. <口>名人,知名之士
  6. 名义
  7. 空名
  8. 名词
  9. 虚名
  10. 名目
  11. 【逻、语法】概念的名称
v.(动词)
  1. 提名,任命,提名为,提名担任
  2. 列举
  3. 命名,给…取名
  4. 确定,说定,决定
  5. 说出…的名字,喊...的名字
  6. 正确说出...的名字
  7. 说出,陈说,准确陈述
  8. 指出...名字谴责,指名提到
  9. 名叫,(把…)称为
  10. 委派, 指定
adj.(形容词)
  1. 有名的,出名的,著名的,有名望的
  2. 据以取名的
  3. 带有姓名的

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]名字,名称 word or words by which a person, an animal, a place or a thing is known and spoken to or of
  2. [S]名声,名誉 reputation; fame
  3. [C]著名的人物,名人 famous person
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 给…取名 give a name to
  2. vt. 说出…的名字,提…的名字; 列举 say what the name of (sb/sth) is
  3. vt. 决定; 任命; 提名 nominate for; appoint to a position

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
name : 姓名, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
name : 姓名, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
name : 劳埃德社承 ...
在 《外教社经济学英语词典》 中查看更多...
name : 姓名 ...
在 《外教社人口学英语词典》 中查看更多...
name : 姓名, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
name : 名称, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a language unit by which a person or thing is known;

    "his name really is George Washington"
    "those are two names for the same thing"

  2. a person's reputation;

    "he wanted to protect his good name"

  3. family based on male descent;

    "he had no sons and there was no one to carry on his name"

  4. a well-known or notable person;

    "they studied all the great names in the history of France"
    "she is an important figure in modern music"

  5. by the sanction or authority of;

    "halt in the name of the law"

  6. a defamatory or abusive word or phrase

Verb:
  1. assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to;

    "They named their son David"
    "The new school was named after the famous Civil Rights leader"

  2. give the name or identifying characteristics of; refer to by name or some other identifying characteristic property;

    "Many senators were named in connection with the scandal"
    "The almanac identifies the auspicious months"

  3. charge with a function; charge to be;

    "She was named Head of the Committee"
    "She was made president of the club"

  4. create and charge with a task or function;

    "nominate a committee"

  5. mention and identify by name;

    "name your accomplices!"

  6. make reference to;

    "His name was mentioned in connection with the invention"

  7. identify as in botany or biology, for example

  8. give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of;

    "List the states west of the Mississippi"

  9. determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis

name的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The committee's name has been acronymed NACA.
    该委员会的名称被缩合成NACA。
  2. Rubella is just another name for German measles.
    风疹只是德国麻疹的另一个名称。
  3. She signed the poem with her real name.
    她在诗后署上了自己的真实姓名。
  4. He refused to disclose his name and address.
    他拒绝透露自己的姓名和地址。
  5. I greet you in the name of the President.
    我代表总统前来迎接您。
  6. He has lent his name to the lofty cause.
    他以自己的名义支持这一崇高的事业。
  7. That brought discredit on his name.
    那件事使他的名誉受损。
  8. A good name is better than a good girdle.
    名誉胜过金钱。
  9. Elton John is a big name in the music business.
    埃尔顿●约翰在音乐发行界是个名人。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. You can name the bookmark at design time.
    您可以在设计时命名书签。
  2. You can name your pet dog.
    你可以给宠物狗起个名字。
  3. She was named after her grandmother.
    她是根据她祖母的名字命名的。
  4. Can you name all the plants in this garden?
    你能说出这花园里所有植物的名字吗?
  5. Name the five wealthiest people in the world.
    请说出世界上最富有的五个人的名字。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. They don't know the name of the animal.
    他们不知道这种动物的名称。
  2. We naturally associate the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution.
    我们自然而然地把达尔文的名字与进化论联系在一起。
  3. I read her name on the polished brass plate.
    我在擦亮的黄铜门牌上看到了她的名字。
  4. We carved their names on the stones so that future generations would know what they had done.
    我们把他们的名字刻在石头上,为的是让后人知道他们的作为。
  5. The lovers carved their names on the tree.
    恋人们把他们的名字刻在这棵树上。
  6. She checked over the names on the list to ensure that everything was correct.
    她仔细核对名单上的名字确保准确无误。
  7. In a solemn voice, the councillor announced the names of the winners to the crowd.
    参议员庄严地向群众公布获胜者的名单。
  8. The policeman demanded his name and address.
    警察要求他说出姓名和住址。
  9. He checked their names off as they boarded the plane.
    在他们登上飞机时,他登记上了他们的姓名。
  10. He has a good name in the business.You can trust him.
    他在这一行名声好,可以信赖。
  11. The school has a name for good science.
    这学校以优良的理科教学而出名。
  12. He carved out a name for himself in the engineering business.
    在土木工程业方面,他孜孜以求为自己赢得了声誉。
  13. The father has a good name, but the son has an ill one.
    父亲名声不错,但儿子名声不好。
  14. Its poor service gave the restaurant a bad name.
    餐馆缺乏效率的服务使它名声很差。
  15. He kept books by all the great names and authorities.
    他保存了历代名人的著作。
  16. All the big names in the pop music world were at the party.
    流行音乐界的头面人物都参加了聚会。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Have you named the new baby yet?
    你给新婴儿取名了吗?
  2. Can you name these trees?
    你能叫出这些树的名字吗?
  3. You can name your own price.
    你可以提出你自己的价格。
  4. Before she could name that person she was shot dead.
    那个人的名字还没来得及说出口,她就被一枪打死了。
  5. Can you name the chief rivers of China?
    你能列举出中国的主要河流吗?
  6. He named some of the measures that had been taken.
    他列举了一些已经采取的措施。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as/for+) n.
  1. Her father named her Kitty.
    她父亲给她取名基蒂。
  2. He named one of us his representative at the meeting.
    他指定我们中的一个人作为他出席会议的代表。
  3. The teacher named John as monitor.
    老师提名约翰当班长。
  4. The President named him to be Secretary of State.
    总统任命他为国务卿。
  5. The manager named her for the secretary.
    经理任命她为秘书。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. He was named a model worker.
    他被授予劳动模范的称号。
  8. It was named the best documentary of the year.
    它被选为这一年最优秀的文献纪录片。
  9. Mr. Smith has been named as the directorship.
    史密斯先生已经被提名担任董事长职务。
  10. Although Jim had come first, his competitor was named as the winner, as Jim started before he should have done.
    虽然吉姆跑了第一,但他的对手却被提名为冠军,这是因为吉姆起跑时抢先了。
S+~+ n./pron. +(to-) v
  1. The president named him to head the delegation.
    总统指定他率领代表团。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
answer to one's name〔the name of〕
  1. 听到叫自己的名字就答应,名叫… have the name of

    Answering to his name, he stood up immediately. 听到叫自己的名字,他马上站了起来。

    The dog answers to the name of Big Black. 这狗听见叫“大黑”就会来。

    The new girl answers to the name of Mary. 这个新来的姑娘叫玛丽。

call sb names
  1. 骂某人 abuse or insult sb

    They lost their tempers easily and called one another names. 他们动不动就发火互相辱骂。

    They taunted and insulted him; they called him vile names. 他们嘲讽侮辱他,用恶毒的语言骂他。

drag sb/sb's name through the mire〔mud〕
  1. 使某人蒙羞、丢脸 bring disgrace to sb by behaving every badly

    Your behaviour is causing our name to be dragged through the mud. 你的所作所为已经损坏了我们的名誉。

    I don't want my son's good name dragged through the mire. 我不想使我儿子的好名声被搞臭。

drop names
  1. 滥用显要人物以提高自身身价 mention famous or powerful people one is supposed to know, so as to impress others

    The book is unpretentious, it can present names without dropping them, and the tone is contagiously warm. 这本书写得朴实无华,它提了几个名字,但又没有滥用来抬高自己,书的语气热情洋溢。

enter one's name〔put one's name〕 down for
  1. 报名上(学、课等) apply to enter (a school, college, course, etc.)

    I want to enter my name down for the high jump. 我想报名参加跳高比赛。

    He put his name down for the society. 他报名参加这个社团。

give one's name to
  1. 以自己的名字命名某项发明创造 invent or originate sth which then becomes known by one's own name

    He gave his name to a well-known brand of frozen food. 他以自己的名字命名的冷冻食品成了名牌。

in name only
  1. 表面上,名义上 not in reality

    He is a leader in name only, his deputy has effectively taken over. 他不过是个名义上的领导,他的副手实际上已取而代之。

    He is a leader in name only. 他是一个有名无实的领导。

in (the) name of〔in sb's name〕
  1. 代表某人〔物〕 on behalf of sb/sth

    I greet you in name of the President. 我代表总统前来迎接你。

  2. 凭借某事物的权威 by the authority of sth

    I arrest you in name of the law. 我依法逮捕你。

  3. 以某人〔物〕为证 calling sb/sth to witness

    In God's name, what are you doing? 苍天在上,你究竟在干什么?

  4. 为某物的缘故 for the sake of sth

    They did it all in the name of friendship. 他们完全是出于友谊而那样做的。

lend one's name to
  1. 以自己的名义支持或帮助 allow oneself to be associated with sth

    I'm sorry I ever lent my name to your mad plan. 我用我自己的名义支持过你那狂妄的计划,感到很遗憾。

    All sorts of illustrious and influential persons lent their names to our national culture. 各种有名望有影响的人大声疾呼扶持我们的民族文化。

make a name for oneself
  1. 〈非正〉使自己出名 earn oneself a reputation

    He has made a name for himself by his broadcast talks. 他的广播讲话使他出了名。

name names
  1. 指名道姓,公开点名 point out sb's name in public

    The witness in the bribery investigation refused to name names. 在贿赂案的调查中,证人不肯指名道姓。

put a name to
  1. 知道或记住某人〔某事物〕的名称 know or remember what sb/sth is called

    I've heard that tune before but I can't put a name to it. 我以前听过那曲调,但说不出那名称了。

sb's name is mud
  1. 名誉扫地,不讨人喜欢 sb is disliked or (often temporarily) unpopular because of sth he has done

    Ever since he made such trouble at our party last Christmas his name has been mud around here. 自从去年圣诞节他在我们的晚会上惹下乱子以来,他在这周围已名誉扫地。

    You know how important it is to go to the wedding.Your name will be mud if you don't! 你也知道参加这个婚礼很重要,要是你不去,你是不会讨人喜欢的。

take sb's name in vain
  1. 滥用名字,上帝之名 use a name, especially God's, disrespectfully

    Who's been taking my name in vain?I don't hold such an opinion. 谁在滥用我的名义?我不赞成这个建议。

the name of the game
  1. 一项活动的主要目的或最重要的方面 the main purpose or most important aspect of an activity

    Hard work is the name of the game if you want to succeed in business. 要想生意兴隆,关键就是苦干。

    In fishing, patience is the name of the game. 钓鱼关键要有耐心。

under the name of
  1. 用…作名字 using sth as a name instead of one's real name

    He writes under the name of Nimrod. 他用尼姆罗德这个名字写作。

用作动词 (v.)
name after〔for〕 (v.+prep.)
  1. 以…的名字起名 give the same name of sb as name sb/sth after〔for〕 sb 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The child was named after her famous aunt.这孩子是以其著名的姑妈名来命名的。

    The machine is named after its inventor.这台机器是以其发明者的名字命名的。

    The Hudson River is named for the English explorer Henry Hudson.哈得孙河是以英国探险家亨利·哈得孙的名字命名的。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+名词 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Peter Simple you say your name is?

    出自:Merry Wives of Windsor,Shakespeare
  • The name of the eldest..was Dulcima.

    出自:H. E. Bates
  • We named the child Barnabas.

    出自:T. S. Eliot
  • He had discovered an Indian mineral which was named after him.

    出自:P. L. Fermor

name的详细讲解:

词语用法

n.(名词)
  1. name作名词的基本意思是“名字,名称”,可以是人的名字,也可以是动物、事物或地方的名称,是可数名词。name还可作“名人”解。
  2. name作“名声,名誉”解时,一般指社会对人或某事物的评价,是单数名词,可与不定冠词a连用。
  3. name可作定语修饰其他名词,意为“有名的,名声卓著的”。
  4. 西方人的姓名包括姓和名,名在前,姓在后,如John Smith,John是名,Smith是姓。
  5. 英美人的“姓名”是full name; “姓”是surname, family name; “名字”是given name, first name,Christian name; 其中Christian name是教名,即信仰基督教、天主教的小孩在受洗入教时所起的名字,通常是他的first name。此外,有些人姓与名当中还有个名字,叫middle name,一般是以和小孩关系密切的父系或母系人的名字命名。
  6. 问对方的名字可说“What's your name?”但不如说“May I ask your name?”“Please tell me your name.”更礼貌些。
v.(动词)
  1. name用作动词时意思是“给…取名”“说出…的名字”,引申可指“提名,任命”,还可指“列举”。
  2. name是及物动词,可接名词或代词作宾语。作“取名”解时,可接名词充当补足语的复合宾语; 作“提名,任命”解时可接“(to be/as/for+) n. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. 表示“以…的名字起名”时,英式英语常说name after,美式英语则用name for来表示。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
name, title
这两个词均可作“名”解。其区别是:
name一般只用于人、动物或地方,表示一种名称; title指书本歌曲戏剧等的名字,或指人的头衔,表示他的职位、职业、阶级、荣誉等。例如:
The title of painting is “A Winter Evening”.这幅画的名称是“一个冬天的傍晚”。
Captain, doctor, professor are titles.船长、医生、教授都是头衔。
v.(动词)
name, appoint, designate, elect, nominate
这组词都表示“宣布某人的职务、地位、工作”等。其区别是:
designate指当权的人或机构的选拔和任命,口气非常正式,有时到了生硬的程度; name则指不侧重选择,强调宣布,语气不那么正式,常用于政治机构或政府办公室人员的提名; nominate从词源学看,与name等同,但意思不同,指提出人选,供决策人取舍; elect指从候选人中作出最后的选择; appoint指不经选举的任命,任命人在法律上有这样的权力,这种选举本身可能是专断的,也可能是明智的。
name, call
这两个词在与after构成短语表示“取名”“以…的名字命名”时,一般可以通用。例如:
The girl was called〔named〕 Mary after her mother.这女孩随她妈妈也取名叫玛丽。
Tasmania was named〔called〕 after its discoverer,A.J.Tasman.塔斯曼尼亚岛是以它的发现者塔斯曼命名的。
这两个词之间的区别是:
1.call的意思是“把…叫做…”,过去时、现在时或将来时都可以用; name则指“起名字”的一次性动作,一般不用于现在时。例如:
What are you going to call〔name〕 the baby?你打算给婴儿取什么名字?
She had a daughter last year.They call her Cage.她去年生了个女孩,他们把她叫做“凯奇”。
Her father named her Cage.她父亲给她取名“凯奇”。
2.name指正式的命名, call则既可指正式的命名,也可用于别称。例如:
His name is Brooks but we call him Jim.他的名字是布鲁克斯,但我们都称他为吉姆。
It was named the Youth Canal.它被命名为青年渠。
We call him Iron Ox.我们管他叫铁牛。
3.在表示“叫出名字”“提出”“提名为,任命”时,只能用name,不能用call; 而在表示“呼叫”“拜访”“认为”时,只能用call,而不能用name。
下面三句意思上有差别:
  • The President named him Secretary of the State.
  • 总统任命〔提名〕他为国务卿。
  • The President named him to be Secretary of the State.
  • 总统任命他为国务卿。
  • The President named him as Secretary of the State.
  • 总统提名他为国务卿。
appoint designate assign name nominate
这些动词均有“任命,委派”之意。
  • appoint:appoint通常指不经过选择的官方委任。
  • designate:designate书面用语,侧重当权者或机构的选拔或任命,有时含强行指定的意味。
  • assign:assign常指给一群人或个人分配、分派、指派或委派任务。
  • name:name普通用词,着重任命的结果,而不是过程。
  • nominate:nominate通常指为某一公职选择候选人,并将其提交给有决定权的人作最后决定。
name call designate
这些动词均含“命名、称呼”之意。
  • name:name含义最泛,指给人或物命名以示区别或便于记忆。
  • call:call指给某人或某物取名字,以某人或某物的特征称呼。
  • designate:designate指用特别的名字、符号或词句来称某人或某物。
title name
这两个名词均有“名称”之意。
  • title:title指书名、剧目或其他文艺创作作品名称,也指附在姓名前的职称或头衔。
  • name:name最普通用词,指人、动物或事物的姓名、名称或名字,也指在特定情况下给予人或事物的特殊名称以体现其内在特点。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 我的名字叫约翰。

    My name is called John.

    I am John.

    My name is John.

    I am called John.

    第一句不符合英语习惯。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的nmaa,意为名字。

name的相关资料:

正版词典

name : 姓名,名字 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
name : 名, ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
name : 名字,姓名 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • surname n. 姓,姓氏

缩略词

name的相关缩略词,共有2

互动百科

  • name:name n. 名字, 名称, 姓名, 名誉vt. 命名, 提名, 叫出, 指定adj. 姓名的, 据以取名的习惯用语A good name is better than great riches.…

临近单词

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