maintain

  核心词汇  
[meɪn'teɪn]     [meɪn'teɪn]    
  • vt.维持;维修;保养;坚持;断言
maintainable maintainability maintained maintained maintaining maintains
new

maintain是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 坚持
  2. 养护
  3. 保因
  4. 定克混剂
  5. 维护
v.(动词)
  1. 保持,维持,使继续
  2. 保养,维护,维修
  3. 坚持,主张,断言
  4. 供养,供给,抚养,赡养
  5. 支持
  6. 负担
  7. 保卫
  8. 坚守
  9. 强调
  10. 坚持意见,固执己见
  11. 继续,持续

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 保持; 继续 keep up; retain; continue
  2. vt. 坚持; 主张 assert as true
  3. vt. 保养,维护 keep in good repair; defend
  4. vt. 供给; 赡养 support

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
maintain : 维护, 供养 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
maintain : 维护, 保持 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
maintain : 维护, 维修 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
maintain : 维持, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g.,

    "keep clean"
    "hold in place"
    "She always held herself as a lady"
    "The students keep me on my toes"

  2. keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction;

    "We preserve these archeological findings"
    "The old lady could not keep up the building"
    "children must be taught to conserve our national heritage"
    "The museum curator conserved the ancient manuscripts"

  3. supply with necessities and support;

    "She alone sustained her family"
    "The money will sustain our good cause"
    "There's little to earn and many to keep"

  4. state categorically

  5. have and exercise;

    "wield power and authority"

  6. maintain for use and service;

    "I keep a car in the countryside"
    "She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips"

  7. maintain by writing regular records;

    "keep a diary"
    "maintain a record"
    "keep notes"

  8. state or assert;

    "He maintained his innocence"

  9. support against an opponent;

    "The appellate court upheld the verdict"

  10. stick to correctly or closely;

    "The pianist kept time with the metronome"
    "keep count"
    "I cannot keep track of all my employees"

maintain的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. It is absolutely vital that food supplies should be maintained.
    维持食物的供给是绝对必要的。
  2. They also help us to maintain the machinery.
    他们还帮助我们维修机器。
  3. They tell the peasants in detail how to maintain the pumps.
    他们详细地教给农民怎样保养抽水机。
  4. It is clearly illogical to maintain such a proposition.
    坚持这种主张显然是没有道理的。
  5. He maintains that there are no short cuts to effective management.
    他断言,有效的管理没有捷径可走。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Food is necessary to maintain life.
    食物是维持生命所必需的。
  2. How much does it cost to maintain this house?
    维修这栋房子需要多少钱?
  3. The government maintains the law.
    政府维护法律。
  4. Be careful to maintain your reputation.
    要小心保持你的名誉。
  5. The two countries have maintained friendly relations for many years.
    两国多年来一直保持着友好的关系。
  6. They still maintain some distance from him.
    他们和他仍然保持着一定的距离。
  7. He has to maintain his wife and two children.
    他不得不养活妻子和两个孩子。
  8. Somehow he managed to maintain a son at the university.
    他设法供一个儿子上了大学。
  9. The machine is very simple to maintain.
    这机器保养起来很简便。
  10. 用于be ~ed 结构
  11. The public order is well maintained.
    公共秩序维持得很好。
  12. In our country, universities and colleges are maintained by the state.
    在我国,大专院校是由国家办的。
  13. He was maintained by pride in his family.
    对家庭的自豪感支持着他。
S+~+that-clause
  1. He maintained that he was not to be blamed.
    他坚持说他不应该受到责怪。
  2. She maintains that the accusation is groundless.
    她坚持认为该指控是毫无根据的。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to be adj.
  1. He maintained the policy to be wrong.
    他坚持认为这个政策是错误的。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
maintain at (v.+prep.)
  1. 把…保持在 keep sth at a (higher) level maintain sth at sth

    We must do our best to maintain sales at their usual rate in these times of poor trade.在生意不景气的时候,我们要尽力使销售额保持在平日的水平上。

maintain in (v.+prep.)
  1. (保持)处于…中 keep sth in sth

    It's endless work maintaining the house in good repair. 要让房屋保持得很好是件干不完的活。

    Let's maintain peace in the world. 我们来维持世界和平吧。

    She maintains her opinion in this respect. 在这一方面她坚持个人主张。

    They maintain a very powerful fleet in Oriental Waters. 他们在远东海域保持着一支非常强大的舰队。

  2. 供养…使之以…生活 support sb in sth

    If you are going to marry my daughter,I must ask if you can afford to maintain her in the manner to which she has been accustomed? 既然你想娶我的女儿,我要问问你是否有能力让她按自己已习惯的方式生活呢?

    While he was at the university an uncle maintained him in clothing. 他上大学时叔父供给他衣服。

maintain on (v.+prep.)
  1. 依靠…供养 support sb on sth maintain sb on sth

    He has to maintain a large family on a small salary.他不得不依靠很少的工资养活一家人。

maintain with (v.+prep.)
  1. 与…保持 retain with sb maintain sth with sb

    We maintain cordial relations with our neighbours.我们与邻里保持亲切友好的关系。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Let ours also learne to maintaine good workes..that they be not unfruitfull.

    出自:Bible (AV): Titus

maintain的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. maintain的基本意思是“保持”“继续”,指采取某种手段或措施保留一种有价值的东西,使其获得保养并维持良好状况,有时也指使事情能正常持续下去,引申可表示“坚持”“主张”“供给”“赡养”等。
  2. maintain只用作及物动词,后面可接表示生命、法律、秩序、和平、友谊等名词作宾语; 也可接that从句,还可接以“to be+ adj .”充当补足语的复合宾语。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
maintain, assert, defend, justify, vindicate
这组词都有“坚持”的意思。其区别在于:maintain指坚持维护某种主张或某一事物,暗示在反对意见面前或在争论当中怀有坚定不移的信念; assert强调把自己的信念强加于人或者企图硬要别人信服或认可; defend专指捍卫某种行动、意见、决定等以免受到非难、惩罚或责备; vindicate特指在受到非难、责备、轻视等时为自己辩明或剖白; justify指用无可辨别的理由“证明…有道理或有根据”。
maintain, bolster, brace, buttress, prop, support, sustain
这组词的共同意思是“支撑”。其区别在于:support指有基础或基座来承受某物的压力或重量,使其不坍塌或倒下,用于比喻可指能够经受住艰难困苦而不屈服; bolster指用垫枕等支撑物来支撑或承受负荷; brace指用支柱、支架来支住、撑牢某物,使其能抗住压力; buttress指用在建筑物应力点上加扶壁的办法来支住、加固某物,引申指用物质、金钱、事实等来支持某论点; maintain指保持某种状况或状态,给予所需的力量,以防力量、价值等有所损失; prop指支持需要立即加强或加固的事物; sustain强调始终不渝地支撑或保持。例如:
This matter bolstered up his pride.这件事提高了他的自尊心。
The struts are firmly braced.构架的支柱很牢固。
She buttressed her argument with lots of solid facts.她用很多具体事实来支持她的论点。
The state maintains the highways.政府养护公路。
She propped up the baby's head by putting her hand behind its neck.她把手放在婴孩的头后,支撑他的头。
She was sustained by pride in her family.对家庭的自豪感支持着她。
maintain, conserve, hoard, preserve, save, stockpile, store
这组词的共同意思是“贮藏”。其区别是:
1.store指在一个特殊的地方贮藏大量的东西,所堆存的量可以很大,也可以较小; save意为“保存,挽救,节约”,表示特别急需、紧迫,一旦失去就难以用其他东西代替的物品,或者特指紧急挽救某人或某物使其脱离损害、危险或死亡,也可表示贮藏、节约以防他日之需,这时save往往指点滴积累而非一日之功; maintain意为“维持,保持”,着重指在数量上的节约使用并不断补充,意味着只需按惯例去做,便可维持现状,而不必担心枯竭。多用于指小心维护机器设备、房屋,甚至精心饲养家禽等,进行规律性地保养维修以保持良好的状态,也用于抽象事物,如维持健康或友谊等; preserve意为“保护,维护”,是较正式的用语,强调使用某种特殊方法将一珍贵事物妥善保存使其不受丝毫损伤,甚至完整如初; conserve意为“保存,保藏”,指对所拥有的某种珍贵物品、某种资源或有实用价值的东西合理而科学的使用,不浪费,并暗示一旦用完,将难以找到别的东西来代替它; hoard意为“贮存,囤积”,指对贵重物品或粮食等令人不愉快的囤积,如出于恐惧、贪婪或精神失常等; stockpile意为“大量贮存”,一般指贮藏原料或必需品供将来之用。
2.store是普通用语; 其他的几个词是正式用语。例如:
He saved his strength for the end of the race.他保存体力准备在赛跑的最后关头进行冲刺。
I hope you will maintain your recent improvement.我希望你能保持最近取得的进步。
The ancient Egyptians knew ways to preserve dead bodies.古埃及人懂得保存尸体的方法。
Conserve your energy—you'll need it!保存你的精力——你会用得着的!
After the war, they were shot for hoarding food.战后他们因囤积食品而被枪决。
maintain, repair
maintain的意思是“维修”,以免不发生故障; repair的意思是“更新”“恢复原状”。
assert affirm allege maintain testify claim
这些动词均含有“断言,声称”之意。
  • assert:assert主观意味强,指自认为某事就是如此,而不管事实如何。
  • affirm:affirm侧重在作出断言时表现出的坚定与不可动摇的态度。
  • allege:allege多指无真凭实据,不提供证据的断言或宣称。
  • maintain:maintain与assert近义,但前者指坚决维护某种主张或观点。
  • testify:testify多指在法庭作证,庄严地宣称自己所说属实。
  • claim:claim可与assert换用,但语气弱一些,侧重指行使自己的权利提出要求令他人承认。
maintain conserve preserve save store
这些动词均有“保存、储藏”之意。
  • maintain:maintain指保持原样,不增不减
  • conserve:conserve较正式用词,指小心地使用难以补充的资源或贵重物,免遭浪费或毁坏,以备不时之需。
  • preserve:preserve侧重将物品完好无损地保存下来。
  • save:save普通用词,指尽量少用,以争取数量上有所增加。
  • store:store普通用词,指将物品存放,以备将来使用。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪中期入进英语,直接源自盎格鲁法语的meintenir;最初源自拉丁语的manu tenere:manu (手) + tenere (握着,拿着),意为用手拿着。

maintain的相关资料:

正版词典

maintain : 维持,保持 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【近义词】
【反义词】

互动百科

  • maintain:maintain vt. 维持, 维修, 继续, 供养, 主张 英英解释:动词maintain:1. keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e…

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