declare

  核心词汇  
[dɪ'kleə(r)]     [dɪ'kler]    
  • v. 宣布(声明);申报;声明
declarable declarer declared declared declaring declares
new

declare的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 宣布,公布,宣告
  2. 断言
  3. 申报(收益),详报,呈报
  4. 声明,声称,宣称
  5. 表明态度,表示,表明
  6. 声称某人是
  7. 发表,披露
  8. 【律】招,供述
  9. 陈述
  10. 【牌】宣布为王牌
  11. 申报(应纳税品)
  12. 声明反对,表示不赞成
  13. 板球(在击球员还未全部出局时)宣布结束赛局
  14. 宣布停止击球
  15. 显示,露出
  16. 使支付,宣布…支付

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 宣布,宣告; 声明 say sth firmly and clearly
  2. vt. & vi. 断言,宣称 say solemnly; say in order to show that one has no doubt
  3. vt. & vi. 申报 make a full statement of (property for which tax may be owed to the government)

英英释义

Verb:
  1. state emphatically and authoritatively;

    "He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"

  2. announce publicly or officially;

    "The President declared war"

  3. state firmly;

    "He declared that he was innocent"

  4. declare to be;

    "She was declared incompetent"
    "judge held that the defendant was innocent"

  5. authorize payments of;

    "declare dividends"

  6. designate (a trump suit or no-trump) with the final bid of a hand

  7. make a declaration (of dutiable goods) to a customs official;

    "Do you have anything to declare?"

  8. proclaim one's support, sympathy, or opinion for or against;

    "His wife declared at once for moving to the West Coast"

declare的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I now declare this meeting open.
    我现在宣布会议开幕。
  2. Britain declared war on Germany in 1914.
    英国在1914年向德国宣战。
  3. The customs asked me if I had anything to declare.
    海关人员问我是否有要报税的东西。
  4. Do you have anything to declare, jewelry or cash?
    你有没有什么东西要申报?珠宝或现金?
  5. He declared that he was innocent.
    他声称自己是无罪的。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. He should declare at the Customs.
    他应该报关。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Charles declared the result of the election.
    查尔斯宣布了选举结果。
  2. The government declared a state of emergency.
    政府宣布进入紧急状态。
  3. Ministers of the two countries declared their support for the Vienna talks.
    两国总理宣布他们支持维也纳会谈。
  4. Why not declare yourself?
    为什么不表明你的态度呢?
  5. So many people expect him to declare himself.
    很多人期盼着他表明态度。
  6. He declared himself at last.
    最后他表明了他的态度。
  7. He hasn't declared himself. We don't know which side he will take.
    他还没有表明自己的立场,我们不知道他会站在哪一边。
  8. When are you going to declare yourself?The people are anxious to know which side you will take.
    你什么时候表态?群众急于知道你站在哪一边。
  9. 1
  10. Peace was declared at last.
    最后宣布了和平。
  11. When will the results of the election be declared?
    选举的结果什么时候宣布?
S+~+that-clause
  1. He solemnly declared that it was true.
    他郑重声明此事属实。
  2. I declare that he is a liar.
    我断言他是个骗子。
  3. She declared that she didn't want to see him again.
    她声称她不想再见他了。
  4. Miss Alice declared that she had not done it.
    艾利斯小姐声称她没干这事。
  5. He declared that he had done the work himself.
    他说他独立完成了这项工作。
  6. He declared that he would fight for his right.
    他宣称要为他的权利而斗争。
It is/was ~ed+that-clause
  1. It is declared that there will be no school this afternoon.
    已经宣布今天下午不上课。
  2. It is declared that he will come tomorrow.
    据说他明天会来。
引出直接引语
  1. Stroking his beard, he declared,“Now we are sure to have a good harvest.”
    他抚摸着胡须说:“现在丰收已成定局。”
  2. The two sides solemnly declared:“The region must be made immune from any foreign interference.”
    双方庄严宣告:“必须使这一地区免受外国干涉。”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(to be/as) n./adj./adv./prep. -phrase
  1. The teacher declared him to be our monitor.
    老师宣布他为我们的班长。
  2. He declared himself to be a great scholar openly.
    他公开声称自己是一个大学者。
  3. The referee declared the game to be a tie.
    裁判员宣布比赛不分胜负。
  4. The chairman declared the discussion (to be) closed.
    主席宣布讨论结束。
  5. I shall ask Mrs.Braddock to cut the ribbon and declare this firm open.
    我将邀请布莱克夫人剪彩,宣布这家公司开张。
  6. Mr. Tomthon declared his story false.
    汤姆逊先生说他讲的事是假的。
  7. His actions declared him (as) an honest man.
    他的行动证明他是一个诚实的人。
  8. His actions declare him (as) a man of ability.
    他的作为表明他是有才干的。
  9. They declare rubber (as) a strategic material.
    他们宣布橡胶为战略物资。
  10. He declared the report to be beyond belief.
    他声称这个报告不可信。
  11. 1
  12. Mary was declared a trustworthy girl.
    玛丽被认为是一个可信赖的姑娘。
  13. The accused man was declared innocent by the court.
    法庭宣布被告无罪。
S+~+it+ adj. +to- v
  1. They declared it illegal to criticize the government.
    他们宣布批评政府是非法的。
S+~+it+ adj. +wh-clause
  1. He declared it mysterious why she should be killed.
    他声称她遭杀害的原因还不明确。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
declare against( v.+prep. )
    声明反对 state one's opposition to sb/sth or doing sth
    declare against sth/v-ing

    He declared against the proposal.

    他表示反对这项提议。

    They declared against the foreign policy of the government.

    他们声明反对政府的外交政策。

    The students declared against cheating.

    学生们表示反对作弊。

    declare oneself against sth

    They declared themselves against the plan.

    他们声明反对这一计划。

    They declared themselves against the new rules.

    他们声明反对那些新规定。

    I declare myself against the project.

    我对这项计划表示反对。

declare for( v.+prep. )
    宣布支持… state one's support of sb, sth, or doing sth
    declare for sb/sth/v-ing

    She declared for Smith.

    她表示赞成史密斯。

    A small group declared for the king.

    有一小批人表示支持国王。

    The electors declared for their present Member of Parliament.

    选举者宣布拥护他们的现任议员。

    I declare for his idea.

    我对他的观点表示赞同。

    The workers declared for the offer of increased pay and holidays.

    工人们拥护提高工资、延长假期的提议。

    declare oneself for sth

    They declared themselves for the plan.

    他们表示赞同这项计划。

    When the proposal was put to a vote, they all declared themselves for it.

    这项提议交付表决时,他们都表示赞成。

    Do you declare yourself for my idea?

    你同意我的想法吗?

    We declared ourselves for the immediate convocation of the meeting.

    我们主张立即召开这个会议。

    I declare myself for the suggestion.

    我赞同这个建议。

declare off( v.+adv. )
    〈正〉宣布取消(某事) state that sth will not take place
    declare sth ⇔ off

    The two sides declared the agreement off.

    双方宣布取消协议。

    If you insist, we have to declare the meeting off.

    如果你坚持的话,我们不得不取消这次会议。

    I have declared the plan off.

    我已经取消了计划。

    We have to declare the game off because of the weather.

    由于天气的原因,我们不得不取消比赛。

    The public meeting has been declared off.

    群众大会已宣布取消。

    The plane to Kunming has been declared off.

    飞往昆明的航班已经被取消了。

    The match was declared off.

    比赛取消了。

    The war was declared off.

    战争宣告结束。

declare on( v.+adv. )
    宣布…将要发生 state that sth will take place
    declare sth ⇔ on

    The public meeting has been declared on.

    已经宣布要召开群众大会。

declare to( v.+prep. )
    向(海关人员)申报
    declare sth to sb/sth

    He had declared his means to me.

    他已经向我表明了他的意思。

    The politician declared his views to a group of reporters from radio, television and the newspapers.

    这个政治家向电台、电视台和报界的一群记者申明了自己的观点。

    He declared his view to the new plan.

    他就这项新计划阐明了自己的观点。

    declare to sb/sth that-clause

    Brett declared to us that he had done the work himself.

    布莱特向我们说明那工作是他自己做的。

    The foreign minister declared in a statement to the press that he would never submit to blackmail.

    外长在向新闻界发表的声明中宣称他决不屈服于讹诈。

    declare sth to sb

    You'd better declare the diamonds to the official.

    你最好向那位官员申报这些钻石。

    Didn't you declare the TV set to them?

    你没向他们申报这台电视机吗?

    I only declare the radio to them.

    我只向他们申报了这台收音机。

    They declared the goods to the government.

    他们向政府申报了这批货物。

I declare( pron.+v. )
    〈美口〉天哪 make sb very surprised; truly, oh my God

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Lewis declared it was hot..and went out to order Edward a drink.

    出自: E. Bowen
  • The charter..declared..that the presidency..was to be inherited.

    出自: K. Vonnegut

declare的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. declare的基本意思是明确地、清楚地、正式地“宣布,宣告”,多用于官方场合。引申可指“宣称”“断言”“申报”等。
  2. declare既可用作及物动词,又可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,其后接名词、代词或that从句作宾语。不接动名词,也不接动词不定式。可用于被动语态。
  3. declare后可接由to be/as加名词、形容词、副词或介词短语充当补足语的复合宾语。to be/as有时可以省略。
  4. declare接复合结构时可以用动词不定式或由wh-引起的疑问词从句作宾语,但它们都由it代替,而它们本身则移到补语后面,此时它的补语多为形容词。
  5. declare作不及物动词时常跟介词against表示“声明反对”,接for表示“宣布支持”。
  6. I declare在美式英语里可表示有点惊异或不高兴,相当于“Oh my God!”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
declare, announce, proclaim, publish
  • 这四个词都有“宣布”的意思。其区别是:
  • 1.从主语上说, proclaim的主语只能是权力机关或政府首脑; announce, declare和publish则既可以是权力机关或政府首脑,也可以是普通个人。
  • 2.从宾语上说,即宣布的内容上说, announce指公众关心的,特别是具有新闻性的事件。例如:
  • The rise of prices of grain was announced in the papers.粮价上涨已在报上公布。
  • declare指重要的决策、举措或意见。例如:
  • The government declared rubber a strategic and critical material.政府宣布橡胶为重要战略物资。
  • proclaim指意义重大的事情。例如:
  • The founding of the United Nations was proclaimed in 1945.1945年联合国宣告成立。
  • 3.从宣布的方法上说, announce, declare, proclaim既可指口头地,也可指书面地; 而publish则主要指印成文字地。
  • 4.从宣布的目的上说, announce, proclaim, publish在于使众所周知; 而declare则在于使人明白。例如:
  • The arrested man declared himself innocent.被捕的人声称自己是无罪的。
  • 5.从使用场合上说, proclaim用在正式场合; declare主要用于正式场合,也可用于非正式场合; announce则不如proclaim和declare正式庄重,可以用于一般场合,也可用于官方正式公告。
  • declare to, announce to
  • 这两个短语的共同意思是“向…宣布”。其区别在于:announce to的宣布是指对公众宣布或特定一群人所关心之事的公开和正式的宣布,例如:
  • He announced to them the birth of his first baby.他向他们宣布他的第一个小孩的诞生。
  • declare to意为作官方或个人正式的、公开有力的宣告,此宣告既清楚又明了,例如:
  • I declare to you that I have never lied about the affair.我向你声明,我在这件事上从来没有说过谎。
  • declare, affirm, allege, assert, claim
  • 这组词都有“以某种肯定口气提出…”的意思,它们之间的区别是:
  • 1.allege表示“声称,伪称”,常有借口的意思。例如:
  • He alleged illness for a reason for not going to work.他称病,以此作为不去工作的理由。
  • 2.affirm表示“肯定,断言”,指坚信不疑因而断言。例如:
  • It may be safely affirmed that he is innocent.可以断言,他是无罪的。
  • 3.assert表示“主张,断言”,指宣称某事如此,并不说它是事实,着重主观自信心。例如:
  • He asserts the cause of liberty.他主张自由主义。
  • 4.claim表示“宣称”,语气比assert弱些。例如:
  • He claimed to be the rightful heir.他声称自己是合法继承人。
  • 5.declare意味着因否认某事而郑重地宣称。例如:
  • He declared that he had not done it.他声称他没干这事。
  • 常见错误

    v. (动词)
      鲁迅在他最后一篇杂文《死》中说他决不饶恕他的敌人,一个也不行。

      In his last essay On Death Lu Hsun declared never to forgive a single one of his enemies.

      In his last essay On Death Lu Hsun declared that he would never forgive a single one of his enemies.

      阿拉伯人民宣布,他们要打到底。

      The Arab people declared to fight to a finish.

      The Arab people declared that they would fight to a finish.

      declare后面不能接动词不定式,但可以接that从句。

      向一个小小的岛国宣战,看来像是一个怯懦的国家的行为。

      To declare war with the small island state looks like the action of a cowardly nation.

      To declare war against the small island state looks like the action of a cowardly nation.

      To declare war on the small island state looks like the action of a cowardly nation.

      declare war against〔on〕的意思是“向…宣战”“重申制止”,其介词不可用with。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 14世纪初期进入英语,直接源自古典拉丁语的declarare:de(强调)+clarare(清楚 ),意为使清楚,澄清。
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