purpose

  基本词汇  
['pɜːpəs]     ['pɜːrpəs]    
  • n.目的;决心;意图;议题
  • v.打算;决意
purposed purposed purposing purposes
new

purpose是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 目的,意图,用意,意向
  2. 决心,意志,决意,毅力
  3. 用途,效果,需要,好处,意义
  4. 议题,论题
  5. (进行中的)行动
v.(动词)
  1. 打算(做),想,计划
  2. 决意,决心(做)
  3. <书>意图,意欲,企图,有意

双解释义

n.(名词)
  1. [C]目的,意图 thing that one intends to do, get, be, etc.; intention
  2. [C]作用,用途,效果 a use; effect; result
  3. [U]意志,毅力,决心 ability to form plans and carry them out; determination
v.(动词)
  1. vt. 有意,打算 intend

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
purpose : 目的, 用途 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
purpose : 目的, 用途 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
purpose : 目的, 意图 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;

    "his intent was to provide a new translation"
    "good intentions are not enough"
    "it was created with the conscious aim of answering immediate needs"
    "he made no secret of his designs"

  2. what something is used for;

    "the function of an auger is to bore holes"
    "ballet is beautiful but what use is it?"

  3. the quality of being determined to do or achieve something; firmness of purpose;

    "his determination showed in his every movement"
    "he is a man of purpose"

Verb:
  1. propose or intend;

    "I aim to arrive at noon"

  2. reach a decision;

    "he resolved never to drink again"

purpose的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. What is the purpose of your visit?
    你来访的目的是什么?
  2. He was a man of purpose.
    他是一个意志坚强的人
  3. I am sure that he came here with ill purpose.
    我敢断定,他这次来意图不轨。
  4. What is the purpose of this meeting?
    这次会议的议题是什么?
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He purposed to visit South America.
    他计划去南美。
  2. I purpose that next year I will go to Hong Kong .
    我意欲明年去香港。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. The answer came pat to his purpose.
    答复正合他意。
  2. I bought it for a specific purpose.
    我为特定的目的买了它。
  3. Their exact purpose was not always evident to observers.
    他们确切的目的对旁观者来说并非总是显而易见的。
  4. What you say is foreign to our purpose.
    你的话和我们的目的无关。
  5. He was disappointed of his purpose.
    他的目的落空。
  6. This machine serves a double purpose.
    这部机器有双重用途。
  7. Don't waste your money; put it to some good purpose.
    你别乱花钱,钱要花在正事上。
  8. Her approach to the job lacks purpose.
    她做这项工作缺乏毅力。
  9. I know she is steady in her purpose.
    我知道她意志坚强。
  10. A person who is weak of purpose cannot hope to achieve much.
    一个没有决心的人不可能指望有所成就。
~+in v -ing
  1. He knew my purpose in writing this book.
    他知道我写这本书的目的。
  2. His purpose in going to the US is to look for his uncle.
    他去美国的目的是找他的叔父。
~+of n./v -ing
  1. This is the main purpose of my coming here.
    这就是我到这儿来的主要目的。
  2. What's the purpose of our being?
    我们活着是为了什么?
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They purpose a further attempt.
    他们意图做进一步的尝试。
S+~+to- v
  1. I purpose to continue with the plan.
    我打算继续实施这一计划。
  2. He purposed to become one of the world's leading conductors.
    他意欲成为世界领先的指挥家。
  3. He purposes to visit America.
    他打算出访美洲。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. He purposes writing a book on his travels.
    他有意写一本关于他旅游的书。
  2. I purpose coming next week.
    我打算下星期来。
S+~+that-clause
  1. I purpose that next year I will go to Hong Kong.
    我意欲明年去香港。
  2. He purposed that he would marry after graduation.
    他意欲毕业后结婚。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
at cross purposes
  1. 彼此不合 not have the same idea or not agree with each other

    We are at cross purposes. 我们合不来。

    The man and his wife have been at cross purposes in the training of their child. 这对夫妇教育孩子的方法彼此不同。

    Tom's parents acted at cross purposes in advising him. 汤姆的父母给他的建议是截然不同的。

    That is what comes of getting at cross purposes with Nature. 这就是违背大自然的结果。

for...purposes
  1. 为了…目的 for some intention

    This computer is not quite as powerful as the other one, but for all practical purposes it is just as good. 这台电脑的功能不如那一台强,不过在多数情况下它还是挺管用的。

    The money is to be used for specific purpose. 这笔钱有专门用途。

    The book is valuable for my purpose. 这本书对我很有价值。

    Does he come here for business purposes? 他来这儿是做生意的吗?

    Talks between the two countries are for political purposes. 两国间的谈判是出于政治目的。

    All these are for military purposes. 所有这些都是为了军事目的。

for (the) purpose(s) of
  1. 为了…目的 for some intention of (sth or doing sth) for (the) purpose(s) of sth/v-ing

    Did you come to Paris for the purpose of seeing your family, or for business purposes?你到巴黎来是为了和家人团聚呢,还是为了办公事?

    I wouldn't go to London for the mere purpose of buying a new tie.我不会只为买一条新领带而去伦敦。

    He came here for the purpose of borrowing money from you.他特地来这里是向你借钱。

    He would not sell them because he wanted to keep them for purposes of comparison.他不愿卖掉它们,因为他想把它们留下来作比较用。

on purpose
  1. 并非偶然地,故意地 not by accident; intentionally on purpose

    I'm sure nobody shot Jack on purpose.我确信没人故意射伤杰克。

    “Did you break it accidentally?” “No, on purpose.”“你是无意中损坏的吗?”“不,是故意的。”

    She seems to do these things on purpose.她似乎是有意做这些事情的。

    “I'm sorry I stepped on your toe; it was an accident.” “It wasn't! You did it on purpose.”“对不起,我踩了你的脚趾了,我不是故意的。”“不,你是存心踩的。”

  2. 特地,特有的目的 with a particular stated intention on purpose to-v

    I came here on purpose to see you.我特地来这里看你。

    He had gone there on purpose to see what happened.他特地去那里看发生了什么事。

    He came here on purpose to discuss it with you.他来这儿是要与你讨论这事的。

serve〔answer〕 one's/the purpose
  1. 适合需要〔要求〕,令人满意 do what is necessary or required; be satisfactory

    We have found a meeting-place that will serve our purpose. 我们找到了一个很合适的会址。

    I haven't got a pen, but a pencil will answer the same purpose. 我没带钢笔,不过铅笔也能起到一样的作用。

to little〔no〕 purpose
  1. 几乎徒劳地,毫无成效地 with little〔no〕 result or effect

    Money has been invested in the scheme to very little purpose. 资金已投入那计划中却几无成效。

    I've tried hard for you, but all to no purpose. 我已经为你出了不少力,可是毫无结果。

    We begged him not to sign that contract, but to no purpose. 我们求他不要在那份合同上签字,但完全无济于事。

to the purpose
  1. 中肯地 honestly

    His defending argument was well to the purpose. 他的辩白非常中肯。

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词

经典引文

  • Fair Helen told me..Of this their purpose hither to this wood.

    出自:Midsummer Night's Dream,Shakespeare
  • Studied..with the purpose of profiting by their experience.

    出自:E. Wilson
  • A meeting at the Summit may well have served its purpose.

    出自:Blackwood's Magazine
  • Our purpose was to avoid casualties.

    出自:USA Today
  • Does he also purpose great things?

    出自:H. Belloc
  • They purposed to strike from Niagara.

    出自:W. S. Churchill

purpose的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. purpose作名词指“目的”时,注意在for charitable purposes等词组中,使用复数形式purposes;
  2. purpose作名词在for (the) purposes of travel等词组中也使用复数形式,且定冠词the通常略去;
  3. purpose前面有物主代词时,注意后面跟介词in。

    My purpose in writng the book purpose.

  4. 名词purpose的三种固定用法:be to the/little/no purpose,do something to some/much/no/little purpose,serve the/my purpose
  5. purpose作动词时,后面可跟不定式,动名词或that从句。

    I purpose giving/to give the committee all the details.
    我决定把细节都告诉委员会。

    We purpose that such disasters shall not occur again.
    我们决意不让悲剧重演。

n.(名词)
  1. purpose的基本意思是“目的,意图”,指某人做某事所要达到的某一特定目标,也可指某一事物在某一活动或另一事物中所起的“作用”,还可指“意志,毅力,决心”。
  2. purpose后可跟介词in,也可跟介词of。当purpose前是物主代词时,后面的介词要用in,而不能用of; 当purpose前是定冠词the时,后面的介词要用of,而不用in。purpose后不可跟介词for。
  3. 在for...purposes短语中, purpose一般多用复数形式,表示泛指的“目的”; 在for purpose(s) of短语中, purposes一般表示泛指, purpose表示特指。
v.(动词)
  1. purpose用作动词时意思是“有意,打算”,指在头脑中形成做某一事情的方案,使一切活动都朝着这一方案实施的方向发展。
  2. purpose主要用作及物动词,后接名词、代词、动名词、动词不定式或由that引导的从句作宾语。

词义辨析

n.(名词)
purpose, aim, goal
这组词的共同含义是“目的”,常通用,如aim〔goal,purpose〕 in life人生目标。它们之间的区别主要在于:
1.goal指比较宏大的总目标; purpose指近期比较确定的意图; aim指短期内比较具体、实际的目标。例如:
He often asked himself what his goal in life should be.他常常自问人生的目标该是什么。
Do you come here for the purpose of seeing your family or for business purpose?你来此地是为了看家还是为了做生意?
Their aim was to take over industry for her.他们的目标是为她接管产业。
再如下面把aim和goal用在同一个句子里,其区别就更明显易见了:
His aim was to pass his examinations this year and go to college so he could eventually reach his goal of being a teacher.他的目标是今年考上大学,以便最终实现当教师的抱负。
2.purpose强调“有意去做”(行动坚决); aim强调“集中精力去做”(联想“瞄准”)。在努力程度上, aim比purpose要弱。例如:
I am afraid he did it on purpose.我担心他是有意这么做的。
His only aim in life is to make a fortune.他生活的唯一目标是赚钱发财。
3.goal具有理想性,并不强调最后一定要实现; purpose和aim则暗示能够实现,这在动词aim for中体现最明显。例如:
The presidency was the goal of his ambition.他的奋斗目标是当总统。
His aim is to become a doctor.他的目标是当一个医生。
4.purpose可以由他人来完成; 而goal则往往靠自己去努力。例如:
The purpose of a tutorial system was to let each student realize his own educational goal.导师制旨在让学生认清自己的学习目标。
5.aim不如goal和purpose生动。
purpose, object, objective
这三个词均可表示“目标”“目的”。其区别在于:object常指基于个人决心的目标,常较抽象; objective常指具体的、直接的或很快可以达到的目标,为正式用语; purpose为普通用词,既可指人们期望出现的结果,也可指为此进行的活动过程。例如:
He has a definite object in life.他对人生有明确的目标。
My objective this summer is learning to swim.我今年夏天的目标是学会游泳。
The purpose was to halt the rise in the exchange rate of the Swiss franc.目的在于制止瑞士法郎兑换率上涨。
aim goal purpose end target object objective
这些名词均有“目标、目的”之意。
  • aim:aim从本义“靶子”引申而来,侧重比较具体而明确的目标,但常指短期目标。
  • goal:goal指经过考虑和选择,需经坚持不懈的努力奋斗才能达到的最终目标。
  • purpose:purpose普通用词,既指以坚决、审慎的行动去达到的目的,又指心中渴望要实现的目标。
  • end:end指心目中怀着的某种目的,强调结果而非过程。较正式用词。
  • target:target指射击的靶,军事攻击目标。引申指被攻击、批评或嘲笑的目标。
  • object:object强调个人或需求而决定的目标、目的。
  • objective:objective与object基本同义,但语义更广泛,指具体或很快能达到的目的,也可指军事目标。书面用词。

常见错误

n.(名词)
  1. 这桌子没有宽到适合我们目的的程度。

    The table is not sufficiently wide to our purpose.

    The table is not sufficiently wide for our purpose.

    The table is not wide enough for our purpose.

    表示“为了…目的”“适合…目的”用介词for。

  2. 我不是有意要伤害你的感情。

    I didn't want to hurt you on the purpose.

    I didn't want to hurt you on purpose.

    表示“有意,故意”,可以说on purpose, purpose前不带定冠词。

  3. 这就是我们在这件事上发表意见的目的。

    This is our purpose of publishing our opinions on this matter.

    This is our purpose in publishing our opinions on this matter.

  4. 他访问的目的是什么?

    What's the purpose in his visit?

    What's the purpose of his visit?

    purpose of sth 表示“某事的目的”; purpose in v -ing表示“做某事的目的或意图”。

  5. 你去广州的目的是什么?

    What was the purpose for your journey to Guangzhou?

    What was the purpose of your journey to Guangzhou?

  6. 他回家的目的是向父母问候。

    His purpose for coming home is to see whether his parents are well.

    His purpose in coming home is to see whether his parents are well.

    purpose后不可跟for短语。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:what is your purpose of going abroad?

    纠正:what is your purpose in going abroad?

    翻译:什么是你出国的目的?

    分析:purpose作名字时,前面有物主代词时,后面跟介词in,而不是of。

词源解说

  • ☆ 13世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的porpos: por (向前) + pos (放),意为向放前。

purpose的相关资料:

正版词典

purpose : 目标;意图 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

派生词

v.(动词)
  • purposeful adj. (人或行为)有明确目标的;果断的;坚定的‖purposefully adv. 果断地,有明确目标地‖purposeless adj. 无目的的;无意义的‖purposely adv. 故意地;蓄意地

缩略词

purpose的相关缩略词,共有1

互动百科

  • purpose:前言部份音标 Phonetic symbol ['pe:pes] 词性及解释 Part of speech and defination n. 目的,意向, 决心, 用途,效果, 论题vt. 意欲,…

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