expect

  基本词汇  
[ɪk'spekt]     [ɪk'spekt]    
  • v.预期;期待;盼望
expectable expectably expectedness expected expected expecting expects
new

expect是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 预期,预料,预期某事, 有...期望
  2. 期待,盼望,期望,期盼
  3. 怀孕, 怀胎
  4. 认为理应得到
  5. 指望某人做某事,指望,期望某人如何
  6. 预计...可能发生,料想
  7. 要求
  8. 认为(某事)会发生
  9. 认为(某人)会来

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 预计,预料 think or believe that sth will happen or that sb/sth will come
  2. vt. & vi. 期望,盼望,指望 hope and feel confident that one will receive sth (from sb)
  3. vt. 认为,想 believe; think

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
expect : 期待(盼) ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
expect : 期待, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. regard something as probable or likely;

    "The meteorologists are expecting rain for tomorrow"

  2. consider obligatory; request and expect;

    "We require our secretary to be on time"
    "Aren't we asking too much of these children?"
    "I expect my students to arrive in time for their lessons"

  3. look forward to the probable occurrence of;

    "We were expecting a visit from our relatives"
    "She is looking to a promotion"
    "he is waiting to be drafted"

  4. consider reasonable or due;

    "I'm expecting a full explanation as to why these files were destroyed"

  5. look forward to the birth of a child;

    "She is expecting in March"

  6. be pregnant with;

    "She is bearing his child"
    "The are expecting another child in January"
    "I am carrying his child"

expect的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He is expected to get through to the finals.
    我们期待他进入决赛。
  2. At last they got the telegram they had been expecting.
    最后他们收到了他们盼望的电报。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. You arrived earlier than I had expected.
    你们到得比我预料得早。
  2. He earned more than we had expected.
    他挣的钱比我们预料的要多。
  3. Crisis precipitated, as people expected.
    正像预料的那样,危机一下子出现了。
  4. It's not so bad as I expected.
    事情没有我原来预料的那么糟。
  5. As he expected, he has passed the entrance examination.
    不出他所料,他果然通过了入学考试。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. None of us expected it.
    这是我们谁也没料想到的。
  2. Dark clouds massed, and we expected rain.
    乌云集结,眼看就要下雨。
  3. I expect a storm.
    我预计会有一场暴风雨。
  4. Though they expected immediate death, they seemed without fear.
    虽然他们预计到死亡即将到来,但他们似乎毫不惧怕。
  5. I'm expecting Tom any minute now.
    我现在期待着汤姆随时到来。
  6. I shall expect your opinion of it very soon.
    我希望很快听到你关于此事的意见。
  7. They expect payment in five days.
    他们希望5天内付款。
  8. With a face all smiles he told us that the village expected a good harvest.
    他满面笑容地告诉我们,他们村收成不会差。
  9. Well, you can't expect perfection.
    嗨,你不能指望十全十美。
  10. But we should not expect success overnight.
    但我们不能期望一夜之间就取得成功。
  11. We're expecting a telegram.
    我们正等一封电报。
  12. My sister is expecting a baby during June.
    我姐姐6月间要生孩子了。
  13. His wife is expecting a baby.
    他的妻子有喜了。
  14. 用于be ~ed结构
  15. Rain and thundershowers are expected in the southern plateau region.
    高原南部地区有望有雨和雷阵雨。
S+~+to- v
  1. The scientists expect to find a chemical cure for lung cancer within five years.
    科学家们预期在5年以内找到一种治疗肺癌的化学药物。
  2. I expect to have read this book by next Tuesday.
    我预计下星期二以前把这本书读完。
  3. The old man is seriously ill and not expected to live.
    那老人病得很重,预计活不下去了。
  4. I expect to be back next Monday.
    我预计下星期一回来。
  5. They expected to finish the work by Friday.
    他们预计星期五可完成这项工作。
  6. They expect to overfulfil their target.
    他们估计可超额完成指标。
  7. When do you expect to be in?
    你估计什么时候能回来?
  8. I hardly expected to find you still here.
    我简直没想到你还在这里。
  9. If you expect to enter college in the fall, you should apply now.
    如果你希望秋季上大学,现在就应该申请了。
  10. I expect to see him tomorrow.
    我期望明天见到他。
  11. How can you expect to make headway if you don't work hard?
    你不下苦功怎么能有进步呢?
  12. He hopes he'll win the prize but he doesn't really expect to win it.
    他希望获奖,但并不真的指望自己获奖。
  13. You cannot expect to turn the clock back.
    你不能指望时钟倒转。
  14. When our visit to the farm was over, we expected to start back on foot.
    农场参观完了,我们就准备步行回来。
  15. This year the commune expects to increase the area of its salt fields to 45,000 mu.
    今年乡里打算把盐场面积扩大到45,000 亩 。
  16. He didn't expect to be looked down upon.
    他不希望受到轻视。
  17. He expected to be forgiven.
    他期待得到宽恕。
S+~+(that-)clause
  1. I expect he will come tomorrow.
    我预料他明天会来。
  2. I expect I might as well be going.
    我看我也该走了。
  3. I expect you're right.
    我想你是对的。
  4. I expect the train will be rather crowded.
    我认为火车会相当拥挤。
  5. I expect the book is a bit too difficult for you.
    我想这书你看有点太难了。
  6. I expect it was a wrong number.
    我以为拨错号了。
  7. I expected he was there.
    我想他在那里。
  8. Judging from his appearance,I expect that he may be a Scandinavian.
    从他的外貌看来,我认为他是斯堪的纳维亚人。
  9. I expect that they will have everything ready directly.
    我估计他们马上就可把一切准备好了。
  10. You would expect that there would be strong disagreement about this.
    你大概认为就此事会有激烈的争论。
  11. I expect that you will help him.
    我希望你能帮助他。
  12. He never expected that those plans would come about.
    他从来没想到这些计划会实现。
  13. I don't expect that it is true.
    我希望那不是真的。
  14. We don't expect that you would stay on here.
    我们希望你不要在这儿呆下去。
  15. I had not expected that things should turn out like this.
    我没料到事情的结果会是这样。
It is/was ~ed+that-clause
  1. It is expected that former Foreign Minister Von Brentano will return to the Cabinet.
    前外交部长冯·布伦塔诺有望重新进入内阁。
  2. It was expected by father that I should become an engineer.
    父亲希望我成为一名工程师。
S+~+so/not
  1. “Will he be back tonight?” “I expect so.”
    “他今晚会回来吗?”“我想会回来。”
  2. “Do you think we'll have good weather?” “I expect so.”
    “你认为天气会好吗?”“我想会好。”
  3. “Is he an engineer?” “I expect not.”
    “他是工程师吗?”“我想他不是。”
  4. “Will it rain?” “I expect not.”
    “会下雨吗?”“我想不会。”
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They expected steel production to reach 20 million tons.
    他们预计钢产量将达到2000万吨。
  2. I expected you to be here promptly.
    我以为你很快就会来的。
  3. She expected us to be waiting for her there.
    她以为我们还在那儿等她。
  4. I'm expecting you to telephone me.
    我期待你会给我打电话来。
  5. The teacher expects us to work hard.
    老师要我们努力学习。
  6. You really can't expect me to believe that.
    真的,你不能指望我相信那个。
  7. We expect writers to produce more and better works.
    我们期望作家们写出更多更好的作品。
  8. England expects every man to do his duty.
    英格兰期望每个人都尽职尽责。
  9. Don't expect me to wait on you hand and foot, make your own breakfast.
    不要样样都指望我伺候你,你的早饭你自己做。
  10. I don't expect him to do impossibilities.
    我并非要他做办不到的事情。
  11. I don't expect them to behave perfectly but I do expect ordinary good manners.
    我不指望他们表现得十分完美,但我希望他们懂得一般的文明礼貌。
  12. We can't expect one to change the habits of a lifetime in a short time.
    我们不能期望一个人一辈子养成的习惯短时期就能改变。
  13. 用于be ~ed结构
  14. They are expected to take an uncompromising stand at the conference.
    估计他们在会上将采取不妥协的立场。
  15. The Supreme Court is expected to uphold the death sentence.
    预计最高法院将维持死刑的原判。
  16. At the championships more promising divers are expected to come to the fore.
    在这次比赛中,估计将会涌现更多优秀的跳水运动员。
  17. Prices are expected to rise.
    预计物价将会上涨。
  18. These mines are expected to go into production next year.
    这些矿预计明年可以投产。
  19. Industrial production is expected to increase by 6 per cent this year.
    工业产量今年预计可增长6%。
  20. The thermometer is expected to reach 35°C this afternoon.
    今天下午温度可望达到摄氏35度。
  21. You're expected to write to us as soon as possible.
    希望你尽快给我们写信。
  22. You are expected to finish it in time.
    望你及时把它完成。
  23. He is expected to put his work before his family.
    人们要求他把工作放在家庭之上。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. The train arrived at the expected time.
    火车在预定时间到达。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
expect from (v.+prep.)
  1. 期望(某人做某事) hope and believe that sth usually good will be done by sb expect sth from sb

    The professor expected respect from his students.教授期望得到学生的尊敬。

    I was expecting a present from her, so I was disappointed I didn't receive one.我原来一直盼望能收到她送的礼物,所以因得不到而失望。

    I am expecting a letter from him.我正在等他的来信。

    The whole family expects great things from him.全家人都盼着他干出一番事业来。

    Don't expect sudden improvements from this class.别指望这个班的学习成绩会突然好起来。

    The general expects complete obedience from his men.这位将军要求他的士兵对他绝对服从。

    I didn't expect such poor work from you.我不曾料想到你会把工作做得这么差。

  2. 期望过高 believe or assume sb can do more than he can expect too much from sb

    We expect too much from him.我们对他寄予很大希望。

    Aren't you expecting too much from your mother, leaving all your children with her while you go on holiday?你去度假而把孩子们都留给你母亲照料,你期望她干的事岂不太多了?

expect of (v.+prep.)
  1. 期望(某人)会作出(某事) believe, hope and think that sb will do sth or one will receive sth considered as one's right expect sth of sb

    There's no need to give me the money; I don't expect it of you.没有必要给我钱,我没指望你会给钱。

    I wouldn't have expected such rudeness of her.我没想到她会这样粗鲁。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    We stood there, not knowing what was expected of us.我们站在那里,不知道会要求我们做什么。

    Conscientiousness is expected of a student.学生要诚实。

  2. 期望过高 believe or assume sb can do more than he can expect too much of sb/sth

    You are expecting too much of her.你对她的期望太大了。

    The boy's parents expected too much of him, with the inevitable result that they were disappointed.这孩子的父母对他期望过高,随之不可避免的结果是他们失望了。

    I cannot finish this job by Friday— you expect too much of me.我星期五以前不能完成这项工作——你对我期望太高了。

    We didn't expect too much of him.我们对他并没有期望过高。

    Don't expect too much of his idea.不要对他的主意期望过高。

to be expected
  1. 可能发生,相当正常 likely to happen; quite normal

    A little tiredness after taking these drugs is to be expected. 服下这些药后会有些疲倦。

    It is to be expected your son will leave home eventually. 儿子终归要离开家,这种事情很正常。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • A Dog expects till his Master has done picking of the bone.

    出自:Henry More

expect的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. expect的基本意思是“期待”“料想”,指相信或盼望有人会来或有事会发生,这种预料多有一定的根据,强调的是客观可能性,多用于好的方面,在口语中expect的意思常淡化为“认为”“想”,此时主语多为第一人称单数。
  2. expect多用作及物动词,可接名词、代词、动词不定式或that从句作宾语,也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. expect所接的that从句在表示“预料”“期望”时可用虚拟式,在作“想”“认为”解时可用陈述式, that有时可以省略。
  4. expect的宾语从句若是否定式,常可用于转移否定结构,即把否定词移至主句。但在对话中则既可采用I don't expect so的形式,也可采取I expect not的形式,后者为非正式的语体。
  5. expect后有时可用so和not分别代替前面的句子或分句的肯定式或否定式宾语。
  6. 在表示过去未曾实现的“期望”“预料”时,须用过去完成时,而不用一般过去时。
  7. expect是表示思想状态的动词,一般不用于进行体,但在表示语气婉转时可用于现在进行时。
  8. expect还可用作“怀孕”的委婉说法,此时需用进行体。
  9. expect of和expect from都可表示“指望”“期望”,意思相同,可互换使用。
  10. expect的过去分词expected可用作形容词,在句中作表语或定语。
  11. expect后接名词或代词时往往含有动作的意味,因此有时状语并不修饰expect,而是修饰隐含的不定式短语。例如:He expects to take a vacation in May. 他希望在5月休假。
  12. expect后接动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语时,补语的不定式动词有时可以省略。例如:We expect him this afternoon.我们料他今天下午能来(to come可以省去,而this afternoon这个时间状语是修饰to come的,不是修饰expect的)。
  13. expect后也常接动词不定式的被动式,不定式短语与句子的主语构成逻辑上的动宾关系。例如:He expected to be taken care of.他期望得到照顾。
  14. be expecting sb/sth 可表示说话者深信某人会来或某事会发生。例如:Tom was expecting an important letter from France.汤姆在等一封来自法国的重要的信。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
expect, anticipate, look for, look forward to
这组词(组)的共同意思是“期待,等待”。其区别是:
expect指“等待某事发生”,常有一定的根据,发生的可能性较大;anticipate含有“预先体味”的意味;look for是日常用词,也可表示“期待”;look forward to指以欢乐或焦急的心情期待某事发生。例如:
I expect to see some fine films during the holidays.我期望假期能看上几部好电影。
We anticipate that we shall hear from you again.我们预感到将会再接到你的信。
I think we may look for a better result next time.我想下次结果可能会好一些。
I'm looking forward to your visit.我期待着你的来访。
expect, wait for
这两个词(组)的共同意思是“等待”。其区别是:
expect指的是一种等待的心境,并非除此以外不干任何事情。例如:
He is expecting a letter.他正在等一封信。
wait for则强调动作本身,即不干别的事而专门等待。例如:
“Why are you standing here?” “I am waiting for Mr. Green.”“你站在这儿干什么?”“我在等格林先生。”
expect, await
这两个词都有“期待”的意思。其区别是:
await 除了指希望之外,还暗示思想上做好了某事会发生的准备。而expect强调某事不论好坏必然发生。例如:
She had reason to expect that the trip would be exciting. 她有理由以为这次施行该是令人兴奋的。
We await your reply with interest. 我们极感兴趣地等待你的答复。
expect, hope
这两个词均可表示对某事的实现持有信心,其含义的差别仅在于程度上:hope指持有一定的信心,而expect指持有高度的信心。在用法上, hope不可接名词、动名词作宾语,也不可接复合宾语; 而expect既可接名词、动名词作宾语,也可接复合宾语。
下面两句意思不同:
  • I expect John to come to the meeting.
  • 我希望约翰能来开会。 (表示简单的想法)
  • I expect John will come to the meeting.
  • 我期望约翰能来开会。 (如果他不来,就会对他生气或失望)
下面两句意思相同:
  • What can you expect from him?
  • What can you expect of him?
  • 你能指望他什么吗?
下面的句子有两种含义:
  • I expect him to come.
  • 我预料他会来。
  • 我要求他来。
desire wish hope expect want long
这些动词都有“希望”之意。
  • desire:desire语气较正式庄重,着重渴望的力量与热切,常含有强烈的意图和目的。
  • wish:wish语气较弱,多指难于实现或不可能实现的愿望。
  • hope:hope指对愿望实现有一定信心的希望。
  • expect:expect通常指有很大程度的把握,但仍含有预料之意,或预计某事或某行动的发生。
  • want:want一般指所想要的东西是切望得到的东西,能弥补实际需要。
  • long:long语气强,指极殷切地盼望着,这种盼望侧重于很难或不可能得到的东西。有时也指一般愿望,但含一定感情色彩。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 她希望明天走。

    She expects leaving tomorrow.

    She expects to leave tomorrow.

    expect后只可接动词不定式,而不可接动名词。

  2. 我认为今天晚些时候不会下雨。

    I expect it won't rain later today.

    I don't expect it will rain later today.

    expect的宾语从句若是否定式,否定词须移至主句。

  3. 你们到得比预料得早。

    You arrived earlier than expecting.

    You arrived earlier than expected.

    expect用在than或as引导的状语从句中,可以用一个省略句,但是省略句的主语和主句的主语必须一致。

  4. 母亲好几天就盼望你回家了。

    Mother has been expecting you to come back for several days.

    Mother has been expecting you for several days.

    expect已有“盼望…(回)来”的意思,后面不必再用to come back。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1560年左右进入英语,直接源自拉丁语的expecare:ex (向) + specarte (看),意为向外看。

expect的相关资料:

正版词典

expect : 期望, 期 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
expect : 预期,预料 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • expect:expect vt. 期待, 预期, 盼望, 指望, (料)想, 认为 英英解释:动词expect:1. regard something as probable or likely同义词:antic…

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