prefer

  基本词汇  
[prɪ'fɜː(r)]     [prɪ'fɜːr]    
  • vt.宁可;较喜欢;提出(控告)
preferrer preferred preferred preferring prefers
new

prefer是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 喜欢...(而不喜欢...),更喜欢,选择某事物(而不选择他事物)
  2. 宁可...(而不...),宁愿(选择),愿意
  3. 比起...来还是...好,认为…胜过
  4. 【律】提起,提出,对…起诉
  5. 任命
  6. 录用
  7. 推荐
  8. 介绍
  9. 【律】给与优先获得偿付权,给(债权人)优先权
  10. 建议
  11. 申请
  12. <古>提升,提拔

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 更喜欢 choose one thing or action rather than another; like better
  2. vt. 提出; 建议 put forward for official consideration or action according to law

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
prefer : 较喜欢, 宁 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
prefer : 较喜欢, 宁 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
prefer : 优先 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. like better; value more highly;

    "Some people prefer camping to staying in hotels"
    "We prefer sleeping outside"

  2. select as an alternative over another;

    "I always choose the fish over the meat courses in this restaurant"
    "She opted for the job on the East coast"

  3. promote over another;

    "he favors his second daughter"

  4. give preference to one creditor over another

prefer的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. All this gracious living is not for me;I prefer the simple life.
    这种优裕的生活对我不合适;我还是更喜欢简朴的生活。
  2. Which one do you prefer, an apple or an orange?
    你想要哪个,苹果还是橘子?
  3. Police preferred charges against him for theft.
    警方指控他有偷窃行为。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I'd prefer vegetable.
    我宁愿吃蔬菜。
  2. The southerners prefer rice and the northerners prefer food made from flour.
    南方人比较喜欢吃米饭,北方人爱吃面食。
  3. Would you prefer a cocktail?
    你要一杯鸡尾酒吗?
  4. Do you prefer contemporary furniture?
    你更喜欢新式家具吗?
  5. We shouldn't mind coming earlier if you prefer it.
    如果你愿意的话,我们不妨早点来。
  6. I prefer new works that sing of our life today.
    我更喜欢歌颂我们今天生活的新作品。
  7. He preferred the general approach.
    他更喜欢一般性的处理方法。
  8. He preferred country life.
    他更喜欢乡村的生活。
  9. Which do you prefer, rice or buns?
    你更喜欢吃哪一样,米饭还是馒头?
  10. 用于be ~ed结构
  11. This construction is much preferred.
    这种结构更好一些。
S+~+to- v
  1. I prefer to read mysteries.
    我更喜欢读侦探小说。
  2. Would you prefer to dance?
    你更喜欢跳舞吗?
  3. He said he preferred not to disclose the inspector's name.
    他说他宁愿不披露检查员的姓名。
  4. He preferred to die instead of stealing.
    他宁愿死也不愿意偷窃。
  5. They prefer to use that dictionary instead of using this one.
    他们较爱用那本词典而不爱用这本。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. The old man prefers walking.
    那老人喜欢走路。
  2. He preferred speaking without referring to his notes.
    他更喜欢不看讲稿作报告。
S+~+that-clause
  1. She preferred that we should have the discussion right after the lecture.
    她更愿意我们一听完课就讨论。
  2. She preferred that nobody should come to see her.
    她宁愿没有人来看她。
  3. I prefer that you do not go home alone.
    我建议你不要单独一个人回家。
  4. We prefer that the plan should be fully discussed before being put into execution.
    我们宁愿这项计划经过充分讨论再实施。
  5. He preferred that nothing should be said about the accident.
    他倒是希望对这次事故什么也不要提起。
  6. I should prefer that you do not stay there too long.
    我倒不喜欢你在那儿呆的时间太长。
  7. Would you prefer that I come on Monday instead of on Tuesday?
    你愿意我星期一来而不是星期二来吗?
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I should prefer you to go with her.
    我建议你跟她去。
  2. He preferred her not to come.
    他认为她还是不来的好。
  3. I prefer the report to come back here.
    我更希望该报告送回这里。
  4. She added,“I'd prefer you not call me Laura Baby.”
    “她说,我不要你叫我洛拉贝贝。”
  5. The Committee would prefer the matter to be discussed at the next meeting.
    委员们希望这个问题下次会议再讨论。
S+~+ n./pron.+adj./v -ed
  1. I prefer tea hot.
    我更喜欢热茶。
  2. He told the salesgirl that he preferred the shirts unwrapped.
    他告诉女售货员他买的那件衬衫不要包装。
  3. I prefer him a little diligent.
    我要他勤奋点。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
prefer a charge〔charges〕 against
  1. 控告; 告发 put forward a charge against; submit

    They preferred a charge against him. 他们对他提出控告。

    The police preferred a charge against the motorist. 警方控告那个汽车司机。

    He preferred a charge against his neighbour. 他对邻居提起诉讼。

    Will the police prefer charges against the boys or just give them a warning? 警方会控告那些男孩吗?还是只给他们一个警告?

prefer...rather than
  1. 喜欢…胜过… like... better than prefer sth rather than sth

    I prefer tea rather than coffee.我喜欢茶甚于喜欢咖啡。

    What shall we have to drink?...red wine?...white wine?—I should prefer red wine rather than white wine.我们喝点什么酒?…红葡萄酒?…白葡萄酒?——我愿喝红葡萄酒,不愿喝白葡萄酒。

    prefer to-v rather than

    The old man was still in good health. He preferred to work in the garden rather than to sit idly.那位老人仍然很健康,他愿在花园中做活而不愿闲坐着。

    She preferred to keep her troubles to herself rather than to allow them to trouble others.她宁愿不让别人知道自己的困难,也不肯让自己的困难去麻烦别人。

    They preferred to stay at home rather than go to the movies.他们宁可呆在家里,也不愿去看电影。

    They preferred to die rather than surrender to the enemy.他们宁死也不愿向敌人投降。

    I would prefer to spend the weekend at home rather than driving all the way to your mother's.我觉得与其开车跑那么远到你母亲那里去度周末,还不如呆在家里。

    He preferred rather to take the whole blame himself than to allow it to fall on the innocent.他宁肯自己承担全部责任,也不愿把责任推在清白的人身上。

    He would prefer to meet me downstairs rather than upstairs.他宁愿在楼下见我,而不愿在楼上。

prefer to (v.+prep.)
  1. 较喜欢; 宁愿 choose rather; like better prefer sth to sth

    I prefer red to blue.我更喜欢红色而不喜欢蓝色。

    Most Chinese preferred tea to coffee.茶和咖啡相比大多数中国人更喜欢喝茶。

    I much prefer dogs to cats.我喜欢狗甚于喜欢猫。

    I prefer country life to town life.我更喜欢乡村生活而不喜欢城市生活。

    prefer v-ing to v-ing

    I prefer skiing to skating.我喜欢滑雪胜于滑冰。

    He was very diligent; even on holidays, he preferred doing something to doing nothing.他很勤劳,即使在假日里,他也宁愿做点什么事,而不愿闲着。

    She is very traditional; she prefers dressing formally to wearing sport clothes.她很守旧,喜欢穿正式的服装,而不喜欢穿运动装。

  2. 提升某人为 promote sb to a position prefer sb to sth 用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was preferred to captain.他被提升为队长。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • He was preferred Chief Baron of the Exchequer.

    出自:T. Fuller
  • Ferdinand promised..to prefer no foreigners to municipal offices.

    出自:W. H. Prescott

prefer的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. prefer常与介词to连用,表示“喜欢……而不喜欢……”。

    I prefer this to that.
    我喜欢这个,而不喜欢那个。

  2. prefer...to...和prefer...rather than...的区别,以句子I prefer going to staying和I prefer to go rather than to stay为例:第一句里的to是介词,后面接动名词,不接不定式。第二句里的rather不可省略,一般prefer后接不定式,但可将rather than to stay替换成to staying,不过因格式上不对称不常用;
  3. 在没有说明不喜欢的行为的场合时,且只说一次的事用prefer to do的表达方式更普遍。但是说经常的事时,人们习惯用动名词.

    I prefer to go this evening.

    As a rule I prefer going in the evening.

  4. prefer后可接宾语和不定式。

    Her parents prefer her to study Russian and English.
    她父母喜欢她学习俄罗斯语和英语。

  5. prefer后可接that从句,从句用should或虚拟现在时。

    We prefer that each new student should take this course.

  6. prefer后还可接宾语和表语。

    I prefer my milk a little sweetened.

  7. prefer的形容词形式preferable指“更好的,更合意的”。它同prefer A to B的句型一样,后也常与介词to连用.

    The first choice is preferable to the second.
    第一个选择比第二个更好。

v.(动词)
  1. prefer的基本意思是“较喜欢,更喜欢”,多指在两个或两个以上的选项中优先选择其中的一项,多用于“prefer...to...”或“prefer...rather than”结构,相当于like better 或place before the others,因此不能用more或most来修饰它。引申可表示为“宁可”“宁愿”等。
  2. prefer也可作“提出”解,多指提出声明、请求、控诉等,常与介词against连用,是正式用语。
  3. prefer偶尔还可作“提升”“提拔”解,作此解时常与介词to连用,常用于被动结构。
  4. prefer只用作及物动词,可接名词、代词、动名词、动词不定式作宾语,也可接that从句,从句中的谓语动词一般需用现在时的虚拟语气,但当prefer前有should〔would〕时,其后从句可不必用虚拟式。prefer接动词不定式作宾语时,还可后接instead of v -ing。prefer还可接以动词不定式或形容词、过去分词充当补足语的复合宾语,用作宾语补足语的动词不定式可带to,也可不带to。
  5. prefer在不能确定被否定的事物而需征求对方的意见时,用连接词or连接两种供选择的事物或行为。
  6. prefer与rather than连用,接两个动词不定式时,第二个动词不定式常可以省略to,偶尔也可改用动名词。在书面语中,也可把rather提到第一个动词不定式前面。如果两个动词不定式相同,而附加修饰成分不同,则可省去动词不定式,只保留附加的修饰成分。在特别强调时,名词前也可用rather than。
  7. prefer是表示情感的动词,通常不用于进行体。
  8. prefer多指一般倾向;如指当时的感情,则用would prefer。例如:Usually I like tea better, but today I'd prefer coffee.我平常喜欢喝茶,但是今天我要喝咖啡。
  9. 美式英语中prefer可用于prefer for sb to- v 结构,例如:Jack prefers for his wife to drive the truck.杰克更喜欢他的妻子开卡车。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
prefer to-v, prefer v-ing
prefer后可接动词不定式,也可接动名词。其区别在于:接动词不定式时表示特定时刻或特定情况下的爱好,接动名词则表示一般情况下的爱好或日常爱好。
prefer, like
这两个词都有“喜欢”的意思。其区别在于:
1.like表示喜欢; 而prefer表示“更喜欢”“较喜欢”,相当于like better。
2.like可与(the) most〔best〕连用,而prefer不可。
3.两者之间一般用prefer,而三者之间则常用like。试比较以下两句:
  • I like the white and black ones. Which do you prefer?
  • I like the white, the black, and the red equally. Which do you like best?
4.可以说I prefer it so.,也可以说I so prefer it.,但不可以说I so like it.,而只能说I like it so.。
prefer, offer, present, proffer, tender
这组词都可表示“提出”。它们之间的区别是:
1.present特指通过礼仪形式或彬彬有礼的行为向对方提供考虑、选择或认可的服务、建议或物品。
2.offer是最基本、最常用的词,表示主动奉献某物或提出别人可能接受或拒绝的建议、意见、职务等。例如:
The teacher offered a few ideas to improve the plan.老师提出了几点改进计划的意见。
She offered to help me to learn English.她提出要帮我学英语。
3.proffer强调因慷慨所产生的自愿奉献行为,是较正式用语。例如:
Many people proffered blood and skin for the badly burnt worker.很多人要求为那个严重烧伤的工人献血献皮。
4.tender专指在公务上或法律上呈请正式批准,作一般用法时,强调温和有礼。例如:
She tendered him her resignation.她向他提交了辞呈。
5.prefer只用在19世纪的英语中或某些法律场合才表示“提出”。例如:
The police preferred a charge against the motorist.警方控告那个汽车司机。
Will the police prefer charges against the boys or just give them a warning?警方会控告那些男孩吗?还是只给他们一个警告?
下面两句的意思不同:
  • I prefer not to go.
  • 我宁愿不去。
  • I don't prefer to go.
  • 我不乐意去。
choose select elect pick prefer opt
这些动词均含有“选择”之意。
  • choose:choose普通用词,侧重根据个人意愿和判断从众多的对象中进行选择,着重被选者的优点。
  • select:select书面用词,具有庄严、正式的感情色彩。强调精选。
  • elect:elect指按照一定的规章或法律,用投票等方式进行的认真慎重的选择。
  • pick:pick口语用词,多指从个人角度仔细挑选,也含任意挑选之意。
  • prefer:prefer强调个人偏爱,不一定有选择的行动。
  • opt:opt多指在几种可能性之间进行选择。
like love enjoy fancy adore prefer
这些动词都有“喜欢、喜爱”之意。
  • like:like最常用词,往往只表不太强烈的兴趣或关注,不带强烈的感情,除非另加修饰语。
  • love:love不但表示强烈的喜欢,而且含依恋之情,因此多用于能激起深厚情感的人或物。
  • enjoy:enjoy指对能提供感观或智力上满足或快乐的东西表示欣赏或喜爱。
  • fancy:fancy指喜爱投合自己心意、嗜好或欲望等的人或物。
  • adore:adore非正式用词,口语体,指非常喜爱,带强烈的感情色彩。
  • prefer:prefer指有选择性或偏向性的喜欢。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 你更喜欢哪个,这个还是那个?

    Which do you prefer most, this or that?

    Which do you prefer, this or that?

    prefer意为“更喜欢”,即like better,故不可再用more, most修饰。

  2. 我喜欢橘子而不喜欢苹果。

    I prefer oranges more than apples.

    I prefer oranges to apples.

    表示“喜欢…而不喜欢…”时,须用介词to,而不用more than。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:he prefers watching television rather than listening to the radio.

    纠正:he prefers to watch television rather than to listen to the radio.

    翻译:他喜欢看电视,而不喜欢听广播。

    分析:prefer...rather than...的句型中,一般用不定式形式,prefer...to...prefer句型习惯用动名词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 15世纪晚期进入英语,直接源自古法语的preferer,意为在荣誉财富方面优先考虑;最初源自古典拉丁语的praeferre:pre (提前) + ferre (放置,安排),意为放前在面,首先执行。

prefer的相关资料:

正版词典

prefer : 宁可,宁愿 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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互动百科

  • prefer:prefer vt. 更喜欢, 宁愿 英英解释:动词prefer:1. like better; value more highly2. select as an alternative; choos…

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