design

  基本词汇  
[dɪ'zaɪn]     [dɪ'zaɪn]    
  • n.设计;图样;图案;目的
  • v.设计;计划
designable designed designed designing designs
new

design是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 设计,计划,构思
  2. 计划,打算
  3. 目的,意图,企图,野心,阴谋
  4. 图样,图案
  5. 构思,构想
  6. 图纸
  7. 设计术,制图术
  8. 提纲
  9. 结构
  10. 情节
v.(动词)
  1. 计划,谋划
  2. 设计,构思,绘制
  3. 画图样,画草图,绘制,制图
  4. 当设计师
  5. 打算将...用作
  6. 打样,打图样
  7. 企图,立意要
  8. 指定,预定,留给,留着
  9. 草拟,拟定,起草
  10. 旨在,故意,目的是为了
  11. 计划(做),打算(做),决意(做),想要,意欲

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 设计,绘制 make designs from which sth will be made
  2. vt. 计划,筹划 plan or develop for a certain purpose
n.(名词)
  1. [C]图样,设计图 a drawing or pattern showing how sth is to be made (for sth)
  2. [C]构想,构思 general arrangement or planning (of a building, book, machine, picture, etc.)
  3. [C][U]计划,图谋,企图 purpose; intention
  4. [P]阴谋,诡计 conspire; trick

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
design : 设计, 计划 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
design : 设计, 计划 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
design : 设计 ...
在 《外教社房地产英语词典》 中查看更多...
design : 设计, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
design : 设计 ...
在 《外教社林业英语词典》 中查看更多...
design : 设计 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

名词 design:
  1. the act of working out the form of something (as by making a sketch or outline or plan);

    "he contributed to the design of a new instrument"

  2. an arrangement scheme;

    "the awkward design of the keyboard made operation difficult"
    "it was an excellent design for living"
    "a plan for seating guests"

  3. something intended as a guide for making something else;

    "a blueprint for a house"
    "a pattern for a skirt"

  4. a decorative or artistic work;

    "the coach had a design on the doors"

  5. an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions;

    "his intent was to provide a new translation"
    "good intentions are not enough"
    "it was created with the conscious aim of answering immediate needs"
    "he made no secret of his designs"

  6. a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something;

    "the design of a building"

  7. the creation of something in the mind

动词 design:
  1. make or work out a plan for; devise;

    "They contrived to murder their boss"
    "design a new sales strategy"
    "plan an attack"

  2. plan something for a specific role or purpose or effect;

    "This room is not designed for work"

  3. create the design for; create or execute in an artistic or highly skilled manner;

    "Chanel designed the famous suit"

  4. make a design of; plan out in systematic, often graphic form;

    "design a better mousetrap"
    "plan the new wing of the museum"

  5. create designs;

    "Dupont designs for the house of Chanel"

  6. conceive or fashion in the mind; invent;

    "She designed a good excuse for not attending classes that day"

  7. intend or have as a purpose;

    "She designed to go far in the world of business"

design的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. This dress is of the latest design.
    这件衣服是最新设计。
  2. He chalked out a design on the blackboard.
    他用粉笔在黑板上勾划出一个图样。
  3. The bedcover was quilted in a flower design.
    床罩被缝成花卉图案。
  4. His evil designs were frustrated.
    他的罪恶企图未能得逞。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He designed us a beautiful house.
    他为我们设计了一所很美的房子。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He designed this machine.
    他设计了这台机器。
  2. Was it possible to design a simple, general-purpose control unit?
    当时能设计出一种简单、通用的控制器吗?
  3. He has designed all the scenes and costumes.
    他设计了全部布景和服装。
  4. Linda designs all her own dresses.
    琳达设计她自己的所有衣服。
  5. She designed a new generator that saved the company millions.
    她设计了一种新型发电机,这种发电机为这家公司节省了数百万元。
  6. 用于be ~ed结构
  7. Those buildings were designed on the American style of architecture.
    那些建筑是按美国建筑风格设计的。
  8. The estate is so designed that the front of each house faced away from busy roads.
    这个住宅区设计成每幢房屋的正面都不朝向热闹的道路。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. We designed the experiment to test the new drug.
    我们计划用这个实验来检验这种新药。
  2. 用于be ~ed结构
  3. Series of tests have been designed to assess their mathematical ability.
    这一系列的测试用来评估他们的数学能力。
  4. This weekend party was designed to bring the two leaders together.
    这次周末宴会的意图是要使两位领袖会晤。
  5. The building has been specially designed to provide easy access for people in wheelchairs.
    这幢房子特地设计得便于坐轮椅的残疾人进出。
  6. This course of study is designed to help those who are wishing to go abroad.
    这课程设计是为想出国的人员提供帮助的。
  7. This policy is designed to assure U.S. oil needs.
    这个政策旨在保证美国对石油的需要。
  8. His recent trip was designed to seek for foreign aid.
    他最近出访是寻求外援。
  9. The new prison system is designed to reform criminals rather than just punish them.
    新的监禁制度目的在于改造罪犯,而不只是为了惩治他们。
S+~+to- v
  1. He has designed to go to Australia for a trip in the fall.
    他已经打算秋天去澳大利亚旅行。
  2. She designs to become a physicist.
    她立志成为一个物理学家。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. I designed going abroad two years ago.
    两年前我曾立意要出国。
S+~+that-clause
  1. I didn't design that you should have known it.
    我没有想过你本该知道这件事。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He designed us a beautiful house.
    他为我们设计了一幢漂亮的房子。
  2. The teacher designed the students a proper plan.
    老师给学生设计了一套合理的学习计划。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. He designed a beautiful house to us.
    他为我们设计了一幢漂亮的房子。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They designed him to study abroad.
    他们想让他出国学习。
  2. His parents designed him to be a doctor.
    他的父母想叫他当医生。
  3. They designed the building to be a church.
    他们指定这座建筑为教堂。
其他 v -ed as Attrib.
  1. This is a well designed easel which folds up quickly and neatly.
    这个画架设计得很好,可以迅速而整齐地折叠起来。
  2. He bought a beautifully designed piano that blends with any style of furniture.
    他买了一架和任何式样的家具都能匹配的设计精美的钢琴。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The design was picked out in the bright red.
    这图案色彩鲜红,灿烂夺目。
  2. The design is formed with triangles.
    图案是由三角形构成的。
  3. You should match the design at the edge of one length of paper with that at the edge of the one next to it.
    你糊墙纸时,应当使纸边上的图案和与之相接的一张图案相吻合。
  4. This piece of cloth has a new design.
    这布图案新颖。
  5. They have a lot of designs and sell at reasonable prices.
    他们花样繁多,售价合理。
  6. The design of the building is well matched in colour.
    这幢建筑物的设计在色彩上很调和。
  7. Your latest design approximates much more closely to what I understand the building to be like.
    你的最新设计与我所想的那房子的模样接近得多了。
  8. The design conforms with the regulations.
    这项设计符合规定。
  9. His whole energies are dedicated to improve the design.
    他的全部精力都放在改进这项设计上了。
  10. It is our hope that the revised design will meet the case.
    我们希望修改过的设计将会令人满意。
  11. The building seats 2000 people, but is of poor design.
    这个建筑物能容纳2000人,但设计很差。
  12. His evil designs were frustrated.
    他的罪恶阴谋未能得逞。
  13. He mingled among them with evil designs.
    他混在他们中间心存不轨。
  14. The man has designs on your money.
    那人图谋你的钱财。
~+in v -ing
  1. The success of this car shows the importance of good design in helping to sell the product.
    这种汽车的销售表明精良的设计对打开销路的重要性。
~+to- v
  1. He failed in his design to become Prime Minister.
    他想成为首相的计划失败了。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
design for (v.+prep.)
  1. 为…设计 intend, plan, or set apart for a certain purpose or use design sb/sth for sb/sth/v-ing

    Mother has designed the future for her son.母亲已给她的儿子设计好了未来。

    His parents designed him for the navy.他父母打算要他当海军。

    She designs dresses for a large clothing shop.她为一家大服装店设计服装图案。

    He designed his son for a lawyer.他打算让他儿子当律师。

    He designed this scheme for raising money.他想出了这个筹款计划。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    This room was designed for the children.这间房子是专为孩子们设计的。

    The nursery was designed for the baby's use.那托儿所是为婴幼儿设计的。

    That part of the garden was designed for vegetables.花园的那一部分计划用来种菜。

    The congratulatory message was designed for political effect.发出这份贺电是出于政治方面的原因。

用作名词 (n.)
by design
  1. 故意地; 蓄意地 according to a plan; deliberately

    Mary wore a low-cut dress by design because she knew it would make her the centre of attention. 玛丽故意穿了件低领衣,因为她知道这会使她成为人们注意的焦点。

    She arrived just as we were leaving, but whether this was by accident or by design,I'm not sure. 她刚好在我们正要离开时到达,但我不能肯定这是出于偶然还是有意安排。

have designs against
  1. 对…有不良企图 have a plot to sb/sth

    The country has no ulterior designs against any of its neighbours. 这个国家对其邻国绝无不可告人的企图。

    The group had designs against the government. 这一伙人阴谋反对政府。

    He had some hostile designs against her. 他对她抱有敌意。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • Grey..had concurred in the design of insurrection.

    出自:Ld Macaulay
  • She sat on the bench directly in front of his desk, not with any design, but because, unlike the others, it was empty.

    出自:B. Rubens
  • The plains..ere long to be design'd Castille.

    出自:Southey

design的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. design作动词指“计划,决意”时,后面可跟不定式或动名词,也可以跟that引导从句。

    They design going/to go at once.
    他们决定现在就出发。

    He designs that the house shall be redecorated in the summer.
    他计划在夏季重新装饰房子。

  2. design作名词指“设计,图案”时,后面的介词of通常可以省略。

    These handkerchiefs are (of) a very smart design.
    这些手帕的设计很漂亮。

v.(动词)
  1. design作“设计,绘制”解时,主要指具体、确切地设计、计划。一般用作及物动词,其后接简单宾语,有时还可接双宾语,间接宾语可用for或to引出。
  2. design作“计划,谋划”解时,强调计划的目的性、周密性和细致性,后面可接动词不定式、动名词或虚拟的that从句作宾语,也可接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. design常用于被动结构,意思是“目的是…; 打算给…用”。
n.(名词)
  1. design的基本意思是“设计”,指对书、画、建筑物、机器、艺术品等的设计。作具体的“设计样式,设计图样”解时是可数名词; 而指“设计工艺,设计布局”时则是不可数名词。
  2. design作“计划,意图”解时,后面有时可接动词不定式,也可接“in+ v -ing”的形式作定语。
  3. design作“图谋,企图”解,可充当不可数名词,也可作可数名词,特指“图谋(财产、生命)”时,常用复数形式。
  4. design还可作“阴谋,诡计”解,这时常用复数形式。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
design, intend, plan
这组词都有“计划,打算”的意思。其区别是:
design指为达到某种特定的目的而周密地、精心地“计划,筹划”,它偏重于计划的目的性、周密性和细致性; intend指在心中已有确定的目标或计划,作“盘算,意想”解,比plan的语气强,如:
I intended to write to you, but I didn't get time to do so.我本打算写信给你,但是我没有时间。
plan在这三个词中是最普通最常用的词,表示“计划,想要做”,它不像design那样含有精心周密地“策划”的意思,而与want的意思接近,例如:
We are planning to buy a refrigerator.我们正计划买一台电冰箱。
n.(名词)
design, plan, project, scheme
这组词都有“计划,方案”的意思。其区别是:
plan是一般用语,指事先作出的程序或安排; project指为进行试验而提出的大胆的计划,这种计划常常是大规模的、有时是不切实际的; design指为达到某一目的而在心中作出的打算,往往强调最后的结果,有时用于贬义; scheme常指精心安排的计划或秘密策划的阴谋。例如:
Flying in a heavy machine was once thought an impossible project.从前认为乘笨重的飞行器飞行是一种不可实现的设想。
Whether by accident or design, he overturned the lamp.不管是出于偶然还是故意,他把灯打翻了。
They carefully worked out a scheme for assassinating the Prime Minister.他们精心策划了一个暗杀首相的方案。
design for, design of
design后接介词of和接for时,意思稍有不同。如说“the design of a building”是指建筑设计的本身,即“大楼的设计”; 而说“the design for a building”则是指“大楼的设计图纸”。
create compose design invent make produce
这些动词均有“创造”,“制作”之意。
  • create:create侧重创造出来的东西以前并不存在,或者指独具特色的创作。
  • compose:compose多指音乐或诗歌、画的创作。
  • design:design主要指在艺术或技术领域的创作设计,强调构思多于实际制造。
  • invent:invent主要用于科技领域,指通过思考、研究或实验制造出新的前所未有、极为有用的东西。
  • make:make最普通用词,指任何东西的创作或制造。
  • produce:produce指产品的生产,或作品创作的完成。
intention intent design
这些名词均有“意图、企图”之意。
  • intention:intention普通用词,指某人内心产生的想做某事的想法,侧重内心活动。
  • intent:intent法律用词,常指某人怀有歹意而犯罪。
  • design:design多用复数形式,含贬义多指行为不轨的意图。
plan design plot scheme project blueprint programme
这些名词均含“计划”之意。
  • plan:plan最普通常用词,多指事先经过较充分的准备或考虑后制定的计划,也可指非决定性的打算或设想。
  • design:design侧重指按照目标、目的意向,根据固定格式精心作出的计划或安排。
  • plot:plot主要指为实现某一阴谋而拟定秘密的计划。
  • scheme:scheme普通用词,比plan更强调计划的通盘筹划和某些细节的精心安排。在现代英语中,常用于指阴谋诡计。
  • project:project多指由个人或集体为进行某项工作或完成某一项较大的任务,而制定的计划方案或设想。
  • blueprint:blueprint从本义蓝图,引申指详细而具体的行动计划。
  • programme:programme使用广泛,既可指思想上的计划,又可指任何形式的书面计划或规划。

常见错误

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:this shirt is a conventional design.

    纠正:this shirt is conventionally designed.

    翻译:这件衬衣的设计是按常规的来设计的。

    分析:句中要表达的不是“衬衣是设计”,而是“衬衣被……设计”。

词源解说

  • ☆ 16世纪40年代英进入语,直接源自拉丁语的designare:de (出) + signare (做记号),意为标出。

design的相关资料:

正版词典

design : [英语]图样 ...
在 《外研社德语词典》 中查看更多...
design : 设计 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
design : 计划,策划, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...
design : (工业 ...
在 《外研社意大利语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

互动百科

  • design:design n. 设计, 图案, 花样, 企图, 图谋, (小说等的)构思, 纲要v. 设计, 计划, 谋划, 构思 英英解释:名词design:1. the act of working out…

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