drive

  基本词汇  
[draɪv]     [draɪv]    
  • vt.开车;驱赶;迫使
  • n.驾车;驱使;推进力;路;快车道;街;[计]驱动器
drivable drivability drove driven driving drives
new

drive是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

n.(名词)
  1. 传动装置
  2. 汽车路,车道
  3. 运动
  4. 击球
  5. 干劲
  6. 驾车旅行,兜风
  7. 车程
  8. 击出球的飞行距离
  9. 宣传活动
  10. 本能需要,欲望
  11. 驱动
  12. 旅程
  13. 畜群
  14. 驱使
  15. 驱逐,赶撵
  16. 【计】 驱动器
  17. (为达成目的的)团体活动
v.(动词)
  1. 驾驶,开,开车
  2. 赶,撵,驱逐,驱赶,赶走
  3. 把打入
  4. 迫使,逼迫,强迫,使不得不,驱使
  5. 狂吹猛打
  6. (向前)疾驰
  7. 【网】抽球 ,用力击球
  8. 用车送,驾车送(人)
  9. 赶马车
  10. 驱动(机器)
  11. 领到驾驶执照
  12. 挖掘(隧道)
  13. 乘车,搭车
  14. 乘车旅行
  15. 拥有…汽车
  16. 敲,击
  17. 猛进,猛冲,突进
  18. 飞跑
  19. 努力工作
  20. 猛力掷球

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 驱赶 force to go
  2. vt. & vi. 驾驶 move or travel (in a vehicle with more than two wheels)while guiding and controlling it
  3. vt. 驱使,促使 force (sb) to act
  4. vt. 敲,击 go in a specified direction or into a specified position
n.(名词)
  1. [C]乘车旅行 journey in a car
  2. [C]路程 journey
  3. [C]击球 stroke made by driving in tennis, golf, cricket
  4. [C]私人车道 private road, etc. by which vehicles can approach a house from the road or street
  5. [C][U]传动,驱动 transmission of power to machinery
  6. [C]运动,攻势 organized effort or campaign to achieve
  7. [C][U]欲望 desire to attain a goal or satisfy a need
  8. [U]干劲,积极性,能动性 energy, ability to get things done
  9. [C]紧迫,逼迫,压力 being by force
  10. [C]打击,冲击 strike

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
drive : 驱力 ...
在 《外教社人类学英语词典》 中查看更多...
drive : 驱力 ...
在 《外教社畜牧兽医英语词典》 中查看更多...
drive : 驱使, 驱动 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
drive : 驱赶, 驱动 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
drive : 驱动, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
drive : 掘进 ...
在 《外教社工程技术英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the act of applying force to propel something;

    "after reaching the desired velocity the drive is cut off"

  2. a mechanism by which force or power is transmitted in a machine;

    "a variable speed drive permitted operation through a range of speeds"

  3. a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end;

    "he supported populist campaigns"
    "they worked in the cause of world peace"
    "the team was ready for a drive toward the pennant"
    "the movement to end slavery"
    "contributed to the war effort"

  4. a road leading up to a private house;

    "they parked in the driveway"

  5. the trait of being highly motivated;

    "his drive and energy exhausted his co-workers"

  6. hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver;

    "he sliced his drive out of bounds"

  7. the act of driving a herd of animals overland

  8. a journey in a vehicle (usually an automobile);

    "he took the family for a drive in his new car"

  9. a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire

  10. (computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads data from a storage medium

  11. a wide scenic road planted with trees;

    "the riverside drive offers many exciting scenic views"

  12. (sports) a hard straight return (as in tennis or squash)

Verb:
  1. operate or control a vehicle;

    "drive a car or bus"
    "Can you drive this four-wheel truck?"

  2. travel or be transported in a vehicle;

    "We drove to the university every morning"
    "They motored to London for the theater"

  3. cause someone or something to move by driving;

    "She drove me to school every day"
    "We drove the car to the garage"

  4. force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically;

    "She rammed her mind into focus"
    "He drives me mad"

  5. to compel or force or urge relentlessly or exert coercive pressure on, or motivate strongly;

    "She is driven by her passion"

  6. cause to move back by force or influence;

    "repel the enemy"
    "push back the urge to smoke"
    "beat back the invaders"

  7. compel somebody to do something, often against his own will or judgment;

    "She finally drove him to change jobs"

  8. push, propel, or press with force;

    "Drive a nail into the wall"

  9. cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force;

    "drive the ball far out into the field"

  10. strive and make an effort to reach a goal;

    "She tugged for years to make a decent living"
    "We have to push a little to make the deadline!"
    "She is driving away at her doctoral thesis"

  11. move into a desired direction of discourse;

    "What are you driving at?"

  12. have certain properties when driven;

    "This car rides smoothly"
    "My new truck drives well"

  13. work as a driver;

    "He drives a bread truck"
    "She drives for the taxi company in Newark"

  14. move by being propelled by a force;

    "The car drove around the corner"

  15. urge forward;

    "drive the cows into the barn"

  16. proceed along in a vehicle;

    "We drive the turnpike to work"

  17. strike with a driver, as in teeing off;

    "drive a golf ball"

  18. hit very hard, as by swinging a bat horizontally;

    "drive a ball"

  19. excavate horizontally;

    "drive a tunnel"

  20. cause to function by supplying the force or power for or by controlling;

    "The amplifier drives the tube"
    "steam drives the engines"
    "this device drives the disks for the computer"

  21. hunting: search for game;

    "drive the forest"

  22. hunting: chase from cover into more open ground;

    "drive the game"

drive的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. He is too little to drive a car.
    他太小了,不能开车。
  2. Don't drink and drive.
    别喝了酒开车。
  3. They got a cat to drive out the mice.
    他们找到一只猫来驱赶老鼠。
  4. A man driven by jealousy is capable of anything.
    嫉妒心可使人什么都做得出来。
  5. Loneliness almost drived her mad.
    孤独几乎使她发疯了。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. We went for a drive in the afternoon.
    我们下午开车出去兜风。
  2. He mislaid his principles in the drive for success.
    他为了成功而拋弃了原则。
  3. He is clever but he won't succeed because he lacks drive.
    他聪明是聪明,但是没有干劲,做事不会成功。
  4. There is no disk in the selected drive.
    所选驱动器上没有磁盘。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. If you drink, don't drive.
    酒后勿开车。
  2. Drivers must not drink and drive.
    司机不允许酒后开车。
  3. I want to learn to drive next month.
    下个月我想学习驾驶。
  4. Drive slow!
    车辆慢行!
  5. The snow was driving in our faces.
    雪扑面打来。
  6. The car drives easily.
    这辆车好开。
  7. This car drives well.
    这辆车开起来得心应手。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He drives a taxi.
    他开计程车。
  2. My car is in such bad condition that I can't drive it.
    我的车坏得那么厉害,我可无法驾驶了。
  3. When unemployed,I went to drive a tricycle.
    我失业的时候就去拉三轮车。
  4. The man drives the train from London to York.
    这个火车司机往返于伦敦和约克之间。
  5. They drove the train from Beijing to Guangzhou.
    他们驾驶火车从北京到广州。
  6. Don't drive me.
    不要撵我。
  7. I drove him to the station.
    我用车送他到车站。
  8. He drives the horse to the market.
    他把马赶到市场。
  9. The hot gas is used to produce steam which will drive electricity generators.
    热气用来产生驱动发电机的蒸汽。
  10. The woman boss drives her workers hard.
    女老板迫使工人们拼命干活。
  11. He drives the team relentlessly.
    他无情地逼迫全队拼命干。
  12. They were driving a new motorway across a mountain range.
    他们奋力修筑一条高速公路。
  13. He drove a good bargain last Sunday.
    他上星期天做了一笔好生意。
  14. 用于be ~ed结构
  15. Such trains can be driven by jet engines.
    这样的火车可以用喷气发动机驱动。
  16. Most people have been driven by his brave deeds.
    大伙儿被他的英勇行为所鼓舞。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. You drive me mad when you say that.
    你讲这话真叫我恼火。
  2. That music drives her crazy.
    那音乐使她发疯。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. He was nearly driven mad by his troubles.
    他差一点被烦恼事逼疯了。
S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. They had driven Widow Sun to jump into the river.
    他们逼得孙寡妇跳了河。
  2. What drove her to do such a terrible thing?
    是什么驱使她作出这样的坏事呢?
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. The workers were driven by their boss to finish the job.
    老板逼迫工人完成任务。
  5. They were driven by sheer necessity to sell some of their treasures.
    迫于极端贫困,他们卖掉一些珠宝。
  6. They were driven to work even when they were ill.
    病了还要逼他们干活。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. They went for a drive.
    他们驱车出去旅行。
  2. Shall we go for a drive round the city?
    我们要不要开车到市里转一转?
  3. Come with us for a drive in the country.
    跟我们一起开车到农村玩一玩吧。
  4. We were talking and singing on the long drives between towns.
    我们在城市间长途驱车旅行中又说又唱。
  5. The jeep bumped on, often in four-wheel drive.
    吉普车颠簸着向前,常常四个轮子一起驱动。
  6. May I park my car on your drive for a while?
    我可以把我的车在你的车道上停一会儿吗?
  7. The winding drive leads to the top of the hill.
    弯弯曲曲的林荫小道直通山顶。
  8. He pulled up a car in the cottage drive.
    他把车停在小别墅的私人车道上。
  9. I live at 3995 University Drive.
    我住在大学路3995号。
  10. The club is having a membership drive.
    这个俱乐部正在开展吸收成员的运动。
  11. The drive on the party is gaining momentum.
    对那个党的攻势愈来愈猛烈。
  12. Hunger, thirst and sex are among the strongest human drives.
    饥饿,口渴和性欲是人类几种最强烈的本能要求。
  13. He never lets up for a moment, it's always drive, drive, drive.
    他一刻也没有放松过,总是一个劲儿地干,干,干。
  14. Our sales people need determination and drive.
    我们的推销员需要有决心、有积极性。
  15. He is intelligent but he won't succeed because he lacks drive.
    他聪明,但做事不会成功,因为他缺乏能动性。
  16. The profit drive dominated the entire company at the expense of its other responsibilities.
    整个公司一心只想着追求利润,从而忽视了其他应尽的职责。
  17. I'm in such a drive that I can't expatiate.
    我的时间实在紧迫,不能详述。
  18. He pushed in the door with one drive of his should.
    他用肩膀撞开门。
  19. He rinsed under the drive of the sharp, jetted shower.
    他在如注的喷流下淋浴。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
drive against (v.+prep.)
  1. 敲打 hit at

    The rain was driving against the windows. 雨点敲打在窗户上。

  2. 进攻 attack

    The German Fascists intended to drive against Moscow after that. 德国法西斯打算在这之后进攻莫斯科。

drive at (v.+prep.)
  1. 暗示,意指 suggest; intend; hint drive at sth

    What was he driving at?他打的什么主意?

    I can't guess what you are driving at.我猜不到你用意何在。

    What on earth are you driving at?你究竟是什么意思?

drive away (v.+adv.)
  1. 驱车离开,开走 leave in a vehicle; move a vehicle away drive away

    The guests got into their cars and drove away .客人们进了汽车,开走了。

    drive sb/sth ⇔ away

    The Minister drove his important visitor away.部长用车把他的贵客送走了。

    He drove the car away.他开车走了。

  2. 把…驱开,赶走 make...go away drive sb/sth ⇔ away

    Don't drive people away who want to help you.不要把那些想帮助你的人赶走。

    Cavemen used fire to drive away wild animals.原始人用火驱赶野兽。

    What can I do to drive away these feelings of sadness?我怎么才能摆脱这些苦恼呢?

drive away at (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 努力做,孜孜不倦地干 work hard at drive away at sth

    He was still driving away at his dictionary.他仍在努力地编字典。

    When we called on him, he was driving away at his thesis.我们去拜访他的时候,他正在埋头写论文。

drive back (v.+adv.)
  1. 驾车返回,驱车返回 return in a car drive back

    He drove back.他驾车回来了。

    drive sb/sth ⇔ back

    He drove his car back.他驾车回来了。

    She drove everyone back after the party.聚会后,她把每个人都送到家。

  2. 迫使后退 repel; repulse drive sb/sth ⇔ back

    The soldiers drove back the enemy with heavy losses.战士们迫使敌人遭受沉重损失退了回去。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The enemy were driven back with great loss.敌人被赶回去了,损失惨重。

drive down1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 压低 subject to pressure to bring about change drive sth ⇔ down

    The corporate giants try to drive down wages in order to make superprofits.公司巨头们企图压低工资以获得超额利润。

  2. 向下〔南〕开〔赶〕 steer a car, etc. down drive down

    The car was driving down.车正向南驶去。

    drive sth ⇔ down

    I drive the car down.我驾车驶下去。

    She drove the pigs down to the creek for a bath.她把猪赶到小河里去洗澡。

drive down2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 沿着…向下开〔走〕 steer a car, etc. down drive sth down sth

    The boy was driving the sheep down the hill.男孩子正把羊赶下山。

drive in (v.+adv.)
  1. 驶进 steer a car in drive in

    I watched them drive in.我看着他们驶进来。

    drive sth ⇔ in

    He drove the car in.他把汽车开进来。

    I'll open the doors and you can drive the car straight in.我开门,你才能直接开车进来。

  2. 打入 hammer in drive sth ⇔ in

    He drove the nails in.他把钉子钉了进去。

  3. 强行灌输 introduce by force drive sth ⇔ in

    The point I'm trying to drive in is that you won't pass the examination unless you start doing some work.我极力想让你们理解的一点就是:除非你们现在开始用功,不然你们就不会通过这次考试。

drive into (v.+prep.)
  1. 赶进 steer in drive sb/sth into sth

    He drove cows into the house.他把母牛赶进屋。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The cows were driven into the barn.牛被赶进了牲口棚。

  2. 敲入 hit a nail into sth drive into sth

    The harpoon drove deep into the body of the whale.渔叉深深地扎进鲸鱼体内。

    drive sth into sth

    He drove a nail into the wall.他把钉子钉在墙上。

    He drove a nail into the door.他把一枚钉子钉进门里。

    He drove a knife into his enemy.他用刀子戳敌人。

    The pile engine drove the pile into the river bank.打桩机把木桩打进河堤。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    A wooden stake was driven firmly into the ground.木桩被牢牢钉进地里。

  3. 灌输 cause sth to be learnt, understood or remembered, especially by using a lot of repetition drive sth into sb/sth

    Can't you drive some manners into the boy?难道你不能教这孩子懂些礼貌?

    drive it into sb that/wh-clause

    I tried to drive it into him that his drinking was harmful to himself and others.我试图让他认识到,像他这样饮酒对自己和别人都是有害的。

    How can I drive it into him why he shouldn't drink so much?我怎样才能让他明白为什么他不应该喝这么多酒?

  4. 迫使处于(某种)状态 force sb in some situation drive sb into sth

    The failure drove him into despair.这次失败使他绝望了。

    Oppression drove the workers into strike.压迫逼得工人们起来罢工。

    He drove many of the peasants into bankruptcy.他迫使许多农民破产。

drive off1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 驾车离去,驶去 steer a car, etc. off drive off

    He drove off.他把车开走了。

    The man got into his car and drove off.那男人上了汽车就开走了。

    The car drove off early in the morning.汽车一大早就开走了。

    drive sth ⇔ off

    He drove his car off.他把车开走了。

  2. 赶走,击退 force away or back; repel, repulse drive sb/sth ⇔ off

    The soldiers drove off one attack after another.战士们击退了一次又一次进攻。

    The medicine will help to drive the disease off.这种药有助于祛除这种病。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    A crowd in the square was driven off.广场上的一群人被驱散了。

drive off2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 使…偏离 make (sth/sb) separate drive sth off sth

    The wind drove the ship off its course.这场风迫使该船偏离航道。

drive on1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 继续开车 continue to drive drive on

    He saw the accident but drove on.他看到了事故,但继续驾车前行。

    He drove on after the rain stopped.雨停后,他继续开车。

    The man drove on through the night.这个男人连夜开车。

  2. 煽动,鼓励 incite; encourage drive sb ⇔ on

    She drove him on to commit murder.她唆使他去谋杀。

drive on2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 撞在…上 come against with force drive on sth

    In the storm our ship drove on the rocks.在狂风暴雨中,我们的船触礁了。

drive out (v.+adv.)
  1. 开车出去 steer a car, etc. out drive out

    They drove out through the gate.他们开车出了大门。

    We drove some miles out into the country.我们开车数英里到农村去。

  2. 驱逐,驱散 expel drive sb/sth ⇔ out

    I watched them drive the cattle out.我看着他们把牛赶出去。

    drive sb/sth out of sth

    She tried to drive the evil thoughts out of her mind.她尽量驱走心中的邪念。

    In the morning, the wind rose and drove the dark clouds out of the sky.早上起了风,驱散了天上的乌云。

    We drove the invaders out of their positions.我们把入侵者驱赶出他们的阵地。

    They decided to drive him out of the country.他们决定将他驱逐出境。

    The tragedy drove her out of her mind.这一悲剧使她神经错乱。

    The insult drove him out of his senses.这种侮辱使他气得发疯。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The enemy was driven out of the country.敌人被赶出国境。

    Please don't be late again without telephoning.I was nearly driven out of my mind with worry.如果你不能按时回来,就要打电话说一声,我担心得要命。

  3. 将球击出界 hit or strike with force drive sth ⇔ out

    He drove the ball out.他把球击了出去。

    He drove the ball out of the court.他把球踢出场外。

  4. 挖 bore (a tunnel) drive sth ⇔ out

    The workers drove out a long tunnel.工人们挖出一条长长的隧道。

drive over1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 开车前往 drive to somewhere drive over

    We shall drive over to see you next week.我们下星期开车来看你。

drive over2 (v.+prep.)
  1. (开)车从…碾过 go across sth by driving

    In the fog the motorist did not see the man lying in the road, and drove over him. 在雾中司机没看见有人躺在地上,就开车从他身上辗了过去。

  2. 从…掠过 drive by

    Dark clouds drove over the sky. 乌云在天空疾驰。

drive through (v.+prep.)
  1. 驾(车)穿过 steer a car across sth drive through sth

    From Simao we drove southward through the mountains towards Jinghong.我们的车子从思茅往南开,经过丛山,开往景洪。

drive up (v.+adv.)
  1. 驱车来到 steer a car, etc. up drive up

    Just then a friend drove up and gave me a ride.正在那时,一个朋友开车过来,让我搭了他的车。

    drive up to sth

    Then we drove up to a red gate.然后我们的车开到一座红门前。

    We drove right up to the front door.我们将车一直开到前门。

  2. 使…上升 subject to pressure to bring about change up drive sth ⇔ up

    The shortage of bread will probably drive prices up.面包短缺很有可能迫使价格上涨。

用作名词 (n.)
a...drive from
  1. 离某地(若干时间)的路 journey of one place to another place

    The rolling stock factory was about a half-hour drive from our hotel. 机车车辆厂离我们住的旅馆大约有半小时的路程。

    It's an hour's drive from here to London. 从这里到伦敦有一小时的路程。

a drive to
  1. 通向…的路 lead to road

    He'll build a drive to his house. 他将修一条直到他房子的路。

drive toward(s)
  1. 向某地的进军 attack one place

    The team did not relent in their drive towards the goal. 该队对球门的进攻没有减弱。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • After the tiger has killed a buffalo, there is much art required in the conduct of the drive.

    出自:S. W. Baker
  • Cowboys returning home after the drives.

    出自:J. M. Hunter
  • When it is mainly saw-logs that are cut, the fully improved streams make the drive easy.

    出自:C. Mair
  • I helped to drive sheep to the local market.

    出自:J. Buchan

drive的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. drive和ride的比较:两者都属于不及物动词。drive表示“乘坐完全或部分地属于自己管理的车。 ride表示“乘坐不是自己管理的车”。 美国人还将ride用于表示“乘船”。 两者作名词时,有类似的不同点;

    He is driving in his own car.
    He is driving in a friend's car.

    He is riding in a bus.

    He is riding in a steamer.

  2. drive表示“开车,驾驶”,而drive in表示“乘坐”。

    He is driving a car.
    他正在开车。

    He is driving in a car.
    他正坐在车里。

  3. 美式英语中a drive to raise funds表示“筹款运动”,a membership drive表示“征求会员运动”。
v.(动词)
  1. drive的基本意思是“向前运动”,主要指操纵车辆运动的施动者本身的动作,而不管车辆是自己驱动还是牲畜牵拉; drive也可指乘车运动,引申可表示任何运动的物体“猛冲”“急跑”。
  2. drive还可作“驱使”“促使成交”解,指迫使某人处于某种状态或做某事,引申还可表示“推动”“驱动”“使之受到鼓舞”,作此解时常用被动结构。
  3. drive也可作“敲”“击”解,指迫使某事物移动或进入某位置,引申还可指“建造”。
  4. drive可用作不及物动词,也可用作及物动词。作不及物动词时,有时主动形式可表示被动意义。用作及物动词时,可接名词或代词作宾语,作“驱使”“迫使”解,也可接以形容词、介词短语或动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。
n.(名词)
  1. drive作名词时,基本意思是“驱车旅行”,指为娱乐休闲而进行的驱车游玩,引申可表示“路程”,往往指乘车所需时间的路程,也可引申表示“击球”,指球被击出的距离和击球的力量。
  2. drive作“路”解时,主要指连接私宅与公路的车道或公园及游览区的车道,偶尔也指林荫大道,也可用于表示路或大道的名称,这时首字母要大写。
  3. drive也可作“传动”“驱动”“驱动机构”解,引申表示“运动”,指团体为某项特别目的而做的有计划的努力,主要用于美式英语,英式英语常用campaign, drive在美式英语中也可作“进攻”“攻势”解,英式英语表示此义则用offensive。
  4. drive表示“人类基本的欲望或本能的要求”时,可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词; 引申表示“干劲”“积极性”“能动性”时,为不可数名词。
  5. drive还可作“紧迫”“逼迫”“压力”解,引申还可表示“打击”“冲击”。
  6. drive在英式英语中可以表示“玩纸牌的比赛”。例如:a bridge〔whist〕 drive桥牌〔慧斯特纸牌〕比赛。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
drive, fly, pilot, ride, steer
这五个词都可表示“驾驶”。其区别是:
开汽车时用drive; 驾驶轮船用pilot; 骑自行车用ride; 如果表示操纵汽车、轮船或自行车的方向,就用steer; 但谈及飞机时, fly和pilot这两个既可表示“驾驶”又表示操纵飞机的方向。例如:
He was driving car along the road.他沿着马路行驶。
Can you ride a bicycle?你会骑自行车吗?
He was the first man ever to fly that type of aircraft.他是驾驶那种飞机的第一人。
She steered with one hand while trying to adjust the rear-view mirror with the other.她用一只手操纵方向盘,而用另一只手调整后视镜。
He piloted a ship through the canal.他引领着船只通过运河。
drive, cause
drive和cause都可译作“迫使”“使得”。其区别在于其用法不同:cause只能以动词不定式作宾语补足语,而drive除可用动词不定式作宾语补足语外,还可接形容词或介词短语作宾语补足语。例如:
  • His illness caused him to miss the game.
  • 他的病使他错过了比赛。
  • The noise outside the building nearly drove me mad.
  • 楼外的噪音几乎使我发疯。
  • You must drive your advice into his head again.
  • 你必须把你的忠告再一次灌输给他。
drive in, ride in
drive in和ride in都表示“乘车”。其区别是:
drive in后面跟的“车”通常是完全或部分地由自己管理的车或自己开的车,而ride in后面跟的“车”则通常指并不属于自己管理,也不是自己开的车。例如:
  • They drove back in a grey car.
  • 他们开着一辆灰色轿车回去了。
  • They were riding in a bus when this hap- pened.
  • 出事时,他们正坐在一辆公共汽车里。
drive, actuate, move, prompt
这组词均有促使某人按某种方式行动的意思。其区别是:
move为一般用语,不强调动因是外部力量还是个人的动机; actuate为正式用语,动因来自一种强大的内在力量,如强烈的感情、欲望或信念; drive指持续不断地向前推进,或指受内力或外力的驱使; prompt多用于动因不太重要的场合。例如:
He is actuated not by kindness but by ambition.他并非出于好心,而是出于个人野心。
They drove to the station.他们开车到车站去。
The sight of the ships prompted thoughts of his distant home.看到船他便想起遥远的故乡。
n.(名词)
drive, walk
这两个词都可表示“路程”。其区别是:
drive指“乘车所需时间”的路程; walk则指“步行所需时间”的路程。例如:
  • The hotel is 10-minute walk from here.
  • 饭店离这儿有步行10分钟的路程。
  • The hotel is a half-hour drive from the centre of the city.
  • 从饭店驱车到市中心有半小时的路程。
drive ride
这两个动词均含有“乘、骑”之意。
  • drive:drive指乘坐在有轮子的交通工具之内,控制其行驶。
  • ride:ride通常指骑在车、马上行驶。
motivate drive prompt
这些动词均含“促使、驱使”之意。
  • motivate:motivate强调驱使人们采取行动的原因或动机。
  • drive:drive侧重外来的驱策力和内心的感情力量的驱使。
  • prompt:prompt与motivate近义,强调起因。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的dirfan;最初源自原始日耳曼语的dirbanan,意为驱动,用力。

drive的相关资料:

正版词典

drive : 驱使 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
drive : 驱,赶,驾驶 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

drive的相关缩略词,共有8

互动百科

  • drive:drive n. 驾车, 驱动器, 快车道, 推进力, 驱使, 动力, 干劲, 击球vt. 开车, 驱赶, 推动、发动(机器等), 驾驶(马车,汽车等)vi. 开车, 猛击, 飞跑n. [计]驱动器…

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