- vt. 得到; 收到 receive; obtain; procure; acquire
- link-v 成为,变得 become (into)
- vt. 具有 have got, have, e.g. as a possession or characteristic
- vt. & vi. 到达,来,往 arrive; come, go
- vt. 使得 cause sth to be done
- vt. (去)拿来 carry, bring
- vt. 理解,听到,学得 understand; hear, learn
- vt. 感染上,得(病) catch (an illness)
- vt. 抓住,击中,杀死 catch, hit, attack, kill
- vt. 受到(惩罚等) be punished
- vi. 开始,逐渐 begin
- a return on a shot that seemed impossible to reach and would normally have resulted in a point for the opponent
- come into the possession of something concrete or abstract;
"She got a lot of paintings from her uncle"
"They acquired a new pet"
"Get your results the next day"
"Get permission to take a few days off from work"
- enter or assume a certain state or condition;
"He became annoyed when he heard the bad news"
"It must be getting more serious"
"her face went red with anger"
"She went into ecstasy"
- cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition;
"He got his squad on the ball"
"This let me in for a big surprise"
"He got a girl into trouble"
- receive a specified treatment (abstract);
"These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation"
"His movie received a good review"
"I got nothing but trouble for my good intentions"
- reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress;
"She arrived home at 7 o'clock"
"She didn't get to Chicago until after midnight"
- go or come after and bring or take back;
"Get me those books over there, please"
"Could you bring the wine?"
"The dog fetched the hat"
- go through (mental or physical states or experiences);
"get an idea"
"have a feeling"
- take vengeance on or get even;
"We'll get them!"
"That'll fix him good!"
"This time I got him"
- achieve a point or goal;
"Nicklaus had a 70"
"The Brazilian team got 4 goals"
"She made 29 points that day"
- cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner;
"The ads induced me to buy a VCR"
"My children finally got me to buy a computer"
"My wife made me buy a new sofa"
- succeed in catching or seizing, especially after a chase;
"We finally got the suspect"
"Did you catch the thief?"
- come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes);
"He grew a beard"
"The patient developed abdominal pains"
"I got funny spots all over my body"
- be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness;
"He got AIDS"
"She came down with pneumonia"
"She took a chill"
- communicate with a place or person; establish communication with, as if by telephone;
"Bill called this number and he got Mary"
"The operator couldn't get Kobe because of the earthquake"
- give certain properties to something;
"get someone mad"
"She made us look silly"
"He made a fool of himself at the meeting"
"Don't make this into a big deal"
"This invention will make you a millionaire"
"Make yourself clear"
- move into a desired direction of discourse;
"What are you driving at?"
- grasp with the mind or develop an understanding of;
"did you catch that allusion?"
"We caught something of his theory in the lecture"
"don't catch your meaning"
"did you get it?"
"She didn't get the joke"
"I just don't get him"
- attract and fix;
"His look caught her"
"She caught his eye"
"Catch the attention of the waiter"
- reach with a blow or hit in a particular spot;
"the rock caught her in the back of the head"
"The blow got him in the back"
"The punch caught him in the stomach"
- reach by calculation;
"What do you get when you add up these numbers?"
- acquire as a result of some effort or action;
"You cannot get water out of a stone"
"Where did she get these news?"
"What did you get at the toy store?"
- perceive by hearing;
"I didn't catch your name"
"She didn't get his name when they met the first time"
- suffer from the receipt of;
"She will catch hell for this behavior!"
- receive as a retribution or punishment;
"He got 5 years in prison"
- leave immediately; used usually in the imperative form;
- reach and board;
"She got the bus just as it was leaving"
"Her childish behavior really get to me"
"His lying really gets me"
- evoke an emotional response;
"Brahms's `Requiem' gets me every time"
- apprehend and reproduce accurately;
"She really caught the spirit of the place in her drawings"
"She got the mood just right in her photographs"
- earn or achieve a base by being walked by the pitcher;
"He drew a base on balls"
- overcome or destroy;
"The ice storm got my hibiscus"
"the cat got the goldfish"
- be a mystery or bewildering to;
"This beats me!"
"Got me--I don't know the answer!"
"a vexing problem"
"This question really stuck me"
- take the first step or steps in carrying out an action;
"We began working at dawn"
"Who will start?"
"Get working as soon as the sun rises!"
"The first tourists began to arrive in Cambodia"
"He began early in the day"
"Let's get down to work now"
- undergo (as of injuries and illnesses);
"She suffered a fracture in the accident"
"He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"
"She got a bruise on her leg"
"He got his arm broken in the scuffle"
- make children;
"Abraham begot Isaac"
"Men often father children but don't recognize them"
- The problem is when to get the money we need.
- If Peter had applied for the post, he would probably get it now.
- She soon got the children ready for school.
- Do you think you'll get the work finished on time?
- She tried to get a grip on the icy rock.
- We will find ways to get over the difficulties.
- I don't get your meaning.
- What gets me is having to do the same thing all day long.
- She gets really bad headaches.
- Can we get to the station in time?
The visitors got here last night.
After travelling all summer,I was glad to get home.
We won't get anywhere that way.
You'll get nowhere if you follow his instruction.
He works so hard and so devotedly that he is sure to get somewhere.
They tried to talk, but not knowing each other's language they didn't get far.
You'll get to like it in time.
At first he neglected my advice, at last he got to believe it.
It got to be dearer now.
She was getting an old woman.
In this way we get better results in teaching.
It's getting chilly.
Outside it was getting light.
The days are getting longer and longer.
The food's getting cold.
A white dress gets dirty very fast.
He is getting old.
The old man seems to be getting younger and younger.
I am getting restless.
He got angry with me because of my remark.
The UN began to get more and more powerful.
He got sick.
Now, now, boys and girls, don't get so excited!
The daughter of a friend of mine got married the other day.
He got killed in the war.
They got punished by the teacher.
You nearly got hit by that car!
Two months later he got used to Mexican food.
My son has got used to getting up early in the morning.
I can't get moving.
We went out for a moment and then got chatting together.
Things haven't really got going yet.
Please go and get him.
We'll get you there somehow.
This method won't get you anywhere.
I have a very lovely dog, and I got it from a friend.
You can get a B grade just for that answer.
Darwin got his doctor's degree at Cambridge University.
He got a job as a teacher in one of the middle schools.
We could get some coolness here.
He got the upper hand.
The police got wind of the intended burglary, and so surprised the thieves as they were entering the premises.
He got a nasty blow on the head.
I got the minister on the ear with a potato.
The police got the thief.
Take off those wet clothes or you'll get a cold.
I got the flu twice last month.
I'm going to get my hat from the other room.
I must get a book on geography or the other students will be ahead of me.
He got the money from me by a trick.
Get the two beds outdoors.
Did you get a ticket?
They got as much food as could last the winter.
I used to get my suits at Macy's.
She gets high salary.
The employer cheated the workers into the belief that they could get 2000 yuan a month as long as they worked hard.
Do speak a bit slower; I don't get you.
The teacher told them to get the poem by heart.
I can't get what you said, your voice is so low, could you raise your voice?
I didn't get the letter until this morning.
I have got words that some leaders of the government will inspect our school.
He got a chill at the picnic.
She has got herself a good husband.
Get the students a good teacher.
Get yourself a haircut!
I'll get you a watch.
Please first get me something to eat.
Conduct such as this will get the club a bad name.
Can you get a ticket for me?
Then I'll go and get a cake for you.
Get the pencil for me.
We got mother to prepare our lunch.
They wanted to get the workers to call off the strike.
We've got you to thank for all the mess we are in.
I can't get this old radio to work.
I can't get this door to shut properly.
He could not be got to give his consent.
The machine was at last got to start.
Can you get that electric toy working?
I shall soon get the machine working.
Can you get the clock going?
His words got us thinking.
We got him talking about his war experiences.
I must get my hair cut.
I've already got the dinner cooked.
They got a photograph taken together in front of the leaning tower.
Let's get her x-rayed.
They told the Emperor that he should get new clothes made of this splendid cloth for the coming great procession.
He got his leg broken in playing football.
She got her watch robbed of.
I don't want to get you connected with this.
How did the boy get himself dirty?
The boy got his clothes all wet.
He got all the answers wrong.
He finally got the coat clean.
The door was locked and I couldn't get it open.
I want to get these chairs upstairs.
I'll soon get everything in good order.
The doctor got me on the diet, the pest under control.
I didn't know you had got a recorder.
He has got no brains.
I'm sorry but I haven't got any money with me.
Say! I've got an idea.
Why hasn't she got any relations?
We have got to arrive the station by half past eight.
I've got to get this coat washed and ironed .
We've got to thank you for your timely help.
I've got to be off now.
- get about1 (v.+adv.)
随意走走; 旅行 move freely; travel
Nowadays people get about much more than they used to. 现在人们外出旅行比过去多得多了。
Dall gets about quite a lot, working for an international company. 多尔常外出旅行,为一家国际公司做事。
(病人)可以走动 be no longer confined to bed, to the house
He's getting about again after his accident. 经过此次意外事故后,他又可以走动了。
He was ill last week, but he's getting about now. 上星期他病了,但他现在已起床行走了。
Fred gets about a great deal. 费雷德到处跑。
For some months after her accident she has to get about on crutches. 事故以后有好几个月她都只能拄着拐杖走动。
I have been kept indoors with a broken leg but I hope to get about soon again. 由于断了一条腿,我一直呆在屋里,不过我希望不久就能再出去走动。
(消息等)传播; 流传 spread
The news of his success soon got about . 他取得成功的消息很快传开了。
The story has got about everywhere. 这事到处传开了。
Ike doesn't know how such a rumor got about . 艾克不知这样的谣言是怎么传开的。
There is a Chinese saying going like this:Bad news gets about quicker than good news. 中国有句谚语:好事不出门,坏事行千里。
It's surprising how fast the rumor got about . 谣言传播的速度之快真令人吃惊。
How did the story of her marriage get about ? 她结婚的事是怎么传开的?
- 随意走走; 旅行 move freely; travel
- get about2 (v.+prep.)
(使)在…走动,旅行 (cause to) be able to move or travel around (a place) get sb about sth
No, a taxi will get you about the city faster.不,乘出租汽车游览这个城市更快。
- (使)在…走动,旅行 (cause to) be able to move or travel around (a place) get sb about sth
- get about
It's nothing serious. I'll be up and about in no time. 没什么大病，不久我就能起来了。
He has quite recovered and is able to get about. 他已差不多痊愈，已经能起来走动了。
The rumor was already about. 这谣言已经传开了。
A rumor has got about that he is going to resign. 有谣言说他准备辞职。
- get above (v.+prep.)
超过; 变得自高自大,自傲 surpass; think too highly of oneself get above sb/oneself
He got above others in English.他的英语胜过别人。
Oh, she really is getting above herself!哎呀,她的确摆着个了不起的架子!
That young man is getting above himself.He's only been in the firm two weeks and he's already telling his seniors how to do their work.那个年轻人自大起来了,他进公司才两个星期,就指点起比他年长资深的人如何工作来。
- 超过; 变得自高自大,自傲 surpass; think too highly of oneself get above sb/oneself
- get across1 (v.+adv.)
横过(马路、河等)cross (a road, water, etc.) get across
The frontier is so well guarded that no one can get across.国境线守卫严密得没人能越过去。
There is too much traffic on this road—I'll never get across.这条马路上的车辆太多,我永远过不去。
The river was so turbulent that no one could get across.河里水流湍急,没有人能过得去。
(使)被理解; (使)被接受 (cause to) become understood or accepted get across
He gets across well, doesn't he?他说话很透彻,是不是?
The meaning of the play certainly gets across.这出戏的意思是肯定能表现明白的。
Your thesis wouldn't get across if you used too many technical terms in it.如果你用了过多的专门术语,你的论文就不会被人理解。get sb/sth ⇔ across
I spoke slowly but I can't get my meaning across.尽管我说得很慢,但我的意思仍不被人理解。
She managed to get the feeling across that she wasn't happy.她设法让别人理解她的感情:她是不幸福的。
- 横过(马路、河等)cross (a road, water, etc.) get across
- get across2 (v.+prep.)
横过(马路、河等)cross (a road, water, etc.) get across sth
We got across the river at night.我们夜里过了江。
Only half the company got across the bridge before it was blown up.整个连只有一半人在桥被炸掉之前过了桥。
使生气; 触犯 annoy or offend sb get across sb
They really get across me!他们实在叫我生气!
Jones was dismissed because he got across the foremen.琼斯因得罪了工头而被解雇了。
She got across the headmaster, who made life very difficult for her.她得罪了校长,校长就让她日子不好过。
- 横过(马路、河等)cross (a road, water, etc.) get across sth
- get after (v.+prep.)
追捕,攻击 pursue or attack get after sb
It's their job to get after the villains as fast as possible.他们的任务是尽快去追捕那些流氓。
The boy is getting after that dog.男孩在追那条狗。
催促; 责备 urge persistently get after sb to-v
Mother gets after me to wash my own clothes.妈妈催促我洗自己的衣服。get after sb for v-ing
He got after his sister for tracking mud into the house.他责备妹妹脚下踩着泥走进屋里。
- 追捕,攻击 pursue or attack get after sb
- get along (v.+adv.)
前进; 进行下去 go forward
The car could hardly get along on the icy surface. 汽车在结冰的路面上简直没法开下去。
Let's get along and tell him the good news. 咱们去把这个好消息告诉他吧。
离去,走开 leave; go away
Now then, get along! 喂,走吧!
I'd better be getting along, or my husband will be wondering what's happened to me. 我最好走吧,不然我丈夫准会疑惑我出什么事啦。
I must be getting along now,I'm afraid. 恐怕我现在必须要走了。
Well,I must be getting along now. 哎,我该走啦。
Good gracious! I didn't realize it was past ten o'clock.I must get along. 啊!没想到已经10点多了,我该走了。
渐晚; 上年纪(of time) become late; (of people) grow older
Although he is getting along in years, he can work hard as usual. 虽然他年岁已大,但他还能像往常一样努力工作。
It is getting along towards sundown. 已近日落时分了。
继续生活; 活下去 continue to live, often in spite of difficulties
How are you getting along? 你近来过得好吗?
We can get along without your help. 没有你的帮助我们也能行。
He managed to get along without much money. 他设法在经济困窘的情况下维持生活。
They haven't a great income, but they manage to get along. 虽然他们没有很多收入,但是他们能生活下去。
Oh, they're getting along very well. 嗬,他们过得不错呀!
进展; 进行 advance; go well
Many of them couldn't get along upon their wages. 他们中间很多人那时靠工资不能过活。
Don't worry over me,I'll get along. 别为我担心,我会干得不错的。
The business is getting along very well. 生意进行得很不错。
His broken arm is getting along quite well. 他那只断臂情况相当好。
How are the extensions to your premises getting along? 你房子的扩建进行得怎样?
We were held up for materials at first, but now we are getting along quite nicely. 我们起初因为材料问题停了工,但是现在进行得十分顺利。
He seems to be getting along well in his business. 他的生意似乎进展得不错。
相处; 相处融洽form or have a friendly relationship with sb
Now we get along just well. 现在我们相处得很好。
They get along very nicely. 他们彼此相处极好。
We will get along beautifully together. 我们在一起会相处得很好的。
In this way they managed to get along. 他们就这样相处了下来。
Jim and Jane are getting along like a house on fire. 吉姆和珍妮打得火热。
Human beings and animals could have been getting along well together. 人类与动物本可以和睦相处。
The couple got a divorce because they could not get along. 这对夫妇离婚了,因为他们无法和睦相处。
Apart from the occasional quarrel, we get along very well. 除了偶尔争吵以外,我们相处得很好。
- 前进; 进行下去 go forward
- get along with (v.+adv.+prep.)
进展advance with (sth such as a job)
How are you getting along with your work? 你的工作进展得如何?
与…和睦相处form or have a friendly relationship with sb
Can you get along with him? 你和他处得来吗?
How are you getting along with Wang Hai? 你和王海的关系如何?
He was so arrogant that no one could get along with him. 他很傲慢,所以没有人能和他相处得好。
He gets along well with his boss. 他和他的上司相处很好。
He doesn't get along with anybody in the office. 他和办公室里所有人都合不来。
Tom is an easy-going type of person who gets along well with everyone. 汤姆是那种随和的人,跟谁都合得来。
The proprietor of that men's store gets along well with all his employees. 那家男人用品商店的老板与雇员相处得很融洽。
How's John getting along with his new girlfriend? 约翰和他新交的女朋友相处得怎么样?
He is a person easily to get along with. 他很容易相处。
He is sincere and easy to get along with. 他为人诚恳,很好相处。
Her mother was quiet and good-natured—the easiest person in the world to get along with. 她母亲性格文静,脾气又好——是世界上最易相处的人了。
- 进展advance with (sth such as a job)
- get around1〔round〕 (v.+adv.)
The story has got around—everyone knows about it. 这事已传开 ——谁知都道了。
When word about this got round, people quickly headed for the spot. 这消息一传开,人们都往这地方赶来。
The story of the bravery of William Tell and his son quickly got round, throughout Switzerland. 威廉·泰尔和他儿子的勇敢的故事很快就传遍了全瑞士。
绕开,避开 avoid sth or find a way to deal with sth
It may take time, but we'll get round. 这事可能要费时间,但我们可以回避。
The damaged trucks were in the way, but our driver got round somehow. 撞坏的卡车正挡路,但我们的司机想法绕了过去。
It's difficult for him to get around without a cane. 他不用拐杖行走有困难。
随意走走; 旅行 move freely; travel
Does Abell get round a great deal? 艾贝尔常出去走动吗?
It's easy in this city to get round by bus. 在这个城市乘公共汽车旅行很方便。
Being a sailor,Broudy gets around a great deal. 作为一名海员,布劳迪总是在外面奔波。
- 传播,散播 spread
- get around2〔round〕 (v.+prep.)
说服 persuade sb to accept get around〔round〕 sb
She is so good at getting round him that she'll get the money all right.她很善于哄他,结果就能把钱顺顺当当地搞到手。
That child can always get round you and get what it wants.那个孩子总是会哄人,结果要的东西都能得到。get around〔round〕 sb to-v
She's going to see if she can get round her boss to give her the afternoon off.她准备看一下是否能说服上司让她下午休假半天。
绕开,避开 avoid sth or find a way to deal with sth get around〔round〕 sb/sth
You can sometimes get around the tax laws.有时你可以钻税收法的空子。
There must be some way of getting round our money difficulties.肯定有某种办法可以克服我们在金钱上遇到的困难。
Let's try to get round the difficulty.咱们设法绕过困难。
She decided to get round her parents.她决定不对她父母谈这事。
You just can't get round the regulations in this way.你用这种方法是不能逃避规章制度约束的。
There is no getting round the need for money.钱是离不开的。
- 说服 persuade sb to accept get around〔round〕 sb
- get around〔round〕 to (v.+adv.+prep.)
设法找到足够的时间去做(某事) manage to find enough time for sth, especially after a long delay get around〔round〕 to sb/sth/v-ing
The committee will get round to your suggestion after they've dealt with urgent business.委员会在处理完紧急事务以后将开始考虑你的建议。
He says he'll get round to it next week.他说下星期他能找到时间做这事。
I just can't get round to it.我根本找不到时间做这事。
After a long delay, he got around to writing the letter.耽搁了很久以后,他找到时间写这封信。
Mr. Li hopes to get around to washing his car next Saturday.李先生希望在下星期六能抽空洗他的汽车。
Perhaps we'll get round to doing it some day.或许什么时候我们能找到时间做这件事。
So you finally got round to answering my letter!你总算找到时间给我回信了!
说服 persuade sb to accept get sb around〔round〕 to sth
We should have very little difficulty getting him round to our way of thinking.要说服他接受我们的思想方法,我们不会有多大困难。
- 设法找到足够的时间去做(某事) manage to find enough time for sth, especially after a long delay get around〔round〕 to sb/sth/v-ing
- get at (v.+prep.)
够得着; 得到; 接近reach; gain access to get at sb/sth
When the fox could not get at the grapes he said they were sour.狐狸够不到葡萄,就说葡萄是酸的。
She placed the medicine on a high shelf, where children could not get at it.她把药放在很高的架子上,使孩子们够不着。
We must get a ladder to get at the apples.我们得弄个梯子来,才能够着那些苹果。
After two hours in the library, she finally got at the information she wanted.在图书馆呆了两个小时后,她终于找到了她所需要的资料。
The books are locked up and I can't get at them.书被锁起来了,我无法拿到。
The little boy cannot get at the books on the top shelf.小男孩够不着书架顶层上的书。
The cat is on the chair trying to get at the bird.猫在椅子上想逮那只鸟。
When the Madam was carried away with the music of the opera, a thief's hand was getting at her jewellery.当这夫人正陶醉在歌剧中时,一个窃贼的手正伸向她的珠宝。
I have left my keys at home and can't get at my book.我把钥匙放在家里了,无法拿到我的书。
A sensible man keeps his savings in the bank—not in the house where some thief can get at them.聪明人把积蓄的钱存入银行,而不是放在盗贼能拿到的家里。
The files are difficult for you to get at.档案你是难以看到的。
He is a hard man to get at.他是一个很难接近的人。
He's a very busy man, and extremely hard to get at, even on the telephone.他是个大忙人,即使打电话也极难找到他。用于 be ～ed 结构
At the moment the book you want is at the bottom of that pile, and can't be got at.你要的那本书现在压在那一堆书的最下面,拿不着。
Be sure the private papers cannot be got at by curious eyes.千万不要让人看到这些机密文件。
找到,发现find and discover sth get at sb/sth
The little boy cannot get at the books on the top shelf.书架最上面那一层的书,小孩发现不了。get a look at wh-clause
I got a look at how he worked.我看见他怎样工作。
暗示,意指suggest or insinuate sth get at sb/sth
If I had known what she was getting at,I would have complained to the chairman.要是我当时知道她的用意,我就会向主席控告了。
Who was he getting at when he made that remark about “a certain person”?他说“某个人”时,他到底在指谁?
买通,贿赂attempt to influence sb wrongly, as by paying money or performing favours so as to persuade him to do, or not to do sth get at sb/sth
The gangsters couldn't get at the mayor.流氓们无法贿赂市长。
责备; 不断地追问scold; repeatedly to ask, annoy or find fault with sb get at sb/sth
You're always getting at me.你老是数落我。
She is always getting at her husband because of his mistakes.她常为丈夫的错误而数落他。
He's always getting at me for smoking in the kitchen.他老是批评我在厨房里抽烟。
- 够得着; 得到; 接近reach; gain access to get at sb/sth
- get away (v.+adv.)
离开,脱身leave, often with some difficulty
He got away just before the enemy came. 就在敌人到来之前他跑掉了。
I wasn't able to get away. 我没能脱身。
It was nice of you to invite me to tea tomorrow, but I'm afraid I can't get away. 感谢您请我明天去喝茶,可是我怕脱不了身。
He got away, although the enemy was close behind him. 尽管敌人紧追不放,他还是逃脱了。
Since many people want to get his autographed picture, the famous football player cannot get away. 很多人想得到这位球星亲笔签字的照片,因此他一时脱不开身。
I'm too busy to get away. 我忙得脱不开身。
I wish to get away next Monday for a week. 我希望下周一能去休假一周。
逃掉escape, especially from the scene of a crime, or from being caught
He caught three hares, but one got away. 他逮了三只野兔,跑了一只。
Someone left the door open, and the little dog got away. 有人把门开着,小狗就跑了。
The bank robbers used a stolen car to get away. 抢劫银行的人坐一辆偷来的汽车逃跑了。
- 离开,脱身leave, often with some difficulty
- get away from (v.+adv.+prep.)
摆脱leave or escape from sth/sb
You can't get away from it. 你别想脱身。
We always try to get away from the noise and heat of the city for a month or two each summer. 每年夏天我们都设法离开城市的喧闹和燥热,到外地去住上一两个月。
How can we get away from poverty? 我们怎样才能摆脱贫困呢?
Now he was dead, we could not get away from our sadness. 现在他去世了,我们不能不感到悲痛。
◇ 用于 be ～ed 结构
The poor woman must be got away from the children for a while and allowed to have a good rest. 这可怜的女人一定得和她的孩子们分离一段时间以便好好休息一下。
从…逃掉run away; flee; take flight
Mary tried to catch the butterfly, but it got away from her. 玛丽想捉住那只蝴蝶,它却飞走了。
They had little difficulty in getting away from the puppet guards. 他们不费事地从伪看守手中逃掉了。
No one knows how the suspect managed to get away from the police. 没有人知道犯罪嫌疑人是怎样逃离警察局的。
I really must get away from this place for a few days. 我确实应该离开此处几天。
The girls get away from work at five p.m. 女工们下午五时下班。
He didn't come because he couldn't get away from work. 他因工作离不开而没有来。
He was so busy he could not get away from the office. 他忙得不可开交,办公室一步也离不开。
- 摆脱leave or escape from sth/sb
- get away with (v.+adv.+prep.)
拿走; 抢走take sth away get away with sth
The thieves got away with the money in the bank.那伙盗贼抢走了银行里的钱。
The thieves got away with a large quantity of jewellery.这些窃贼盗走了大量珠宝。
The cashier has got away with the takings.出纳员带着赃款逃跑了。
He has got away with a huge sum in diamonds.他携带大量钻石逃走了。
The dog got away with the meat in his mouth.狗嘴里衔着肉跑了。
干了(坏事)而不受处分do sth bad and escape punishment get away with sth
I know you're not paying your taxes but you won't get away with it.我知道你不纳税,但你是跑不掉的。
The people will never let them get away with it.人民绝不会放过他们。
He easily got away with it even though he had taken bribes.尽管他收受了贿赂,但是他轻而易举地逃脱了惩罚。
Naturally we won't let them get away with this.很自然,我们不会就这样放过他们。
In this country ruled by law, few criminals can get away with their crimes.在这个法治的国家里,罪犯无法逃脱罪有应得的惩罚。get away with v-ing
The child got away with cheating and felt very lucky.那孩子骗了人而未受到惩罚,他觉得自己很有运气。
Don't think you can get away with telling lies.不要以为你撒了谎就可以这样算了。
- 拿走; 抢走take sth away get away with sth
- get back (v.+adv.)
回来,回家return, especially to one's home get back
What time will you get back?你什么时候回来?
Johnny's mother told him that he was to get back before dark.约翰尼的母亲嘱咐他要在天黑前回来。
When he got back, he told the Emperor that the cloth was beautiful.当他回来的时候,他告诉国王那布是美丽的。get back from sth
Mr. Harris got back from Chicago last night.哈里斯先生昨天晚上从芝加哥回来了。
When do you expect to get back from your trip?你预计什么时候旅行归来?
When did you get back from Beijing?你什么时候从北京回来的?
When did you get back from the countryside?你是什么时候从乡下回来的?get back into sth
The team will have to play much better if they want to get back into the first division.如果这个队想重新回到甲级队,他们必须把球踢得更好。
退后come or go back; return get back
Get back, don't block the traffic.往后退,不要阻塞交通。
The enemy was forced to get back under our massive blows.在我方的沉重打击下,敌军被迫后退。
找回; 取回obtain again after loss or separation get sth ⇔ back
With the help of the Chinese dockers, the foreign seaman got back the watch he had lost.在中国码头工人的帮助下,那个外国海员找回了他丢失的手表。
Many citizens in Beijing got back their stolen bicycles at the end of last year.去年年底北京的许多市民领回了被盗的自行车。
- 回来,回家return, especially to one's home get back
- get back at (v.+adv.+prep.)
报复,向…报仇take revenge on sb get back at sb
I'll get back at him for spreading those lies about me.他造谣诽谤我,我得对他进行报复。
I'll get back at him one day!总有一天我会向他报仇的!
She has promised that she will get back at him for the things he said about her poems.她已保证,就他对她的诗所说的那些话,要对他进行报复。
I'll get back at them somehow for this!我一定想法为这件事报复他们!
He got back at her for spoiling his evening.因为她搞糟了他的晚会,他就报复了她。
She got back at him by showing me the letter.她把那封信拿给我看,以此来报复他。
- 报复,向…报仇take revenge on sb get back at sb
- get back to (v.+adv.+prep.)
回到…上来return to sth
I wonder if we could get back to the original question of cost. 不知道我们能不能再回过头谈谈原先那个有关费用的问题。
I'll get straight back to head office and inform them of your decision. 我马上就回总部把你们的决定告诉他们。
The students were glad to get back to their books after the holidays. 假期过去了,学生们很高兴又能念书了。
Things will not get back to normal soon after the earthquake. 地震过后一切都不会马上恢复正常。
It is difficult for me to get back to sleep after a nightmare. 我做了噩梦后很难再入睡了。
If you wash your sweater in hot water, it is impossible for it to get back to its normal state; it will shrink. 如果你用热水洗毛衣,它就不可能再恢复原状了,它会缩水的。
We are away from our topic.Let's get back to our discussion. 我们离题了,咱们重新开始讨论议题吧。
It's already four o'clock in the afternoon. We have to get back to work and find another time to go on with our chat. 已经下午四点了,我们得重新开始工作,再找个时间继续聊吧。
(尤指在被命令时)离开,后退 move away , especially when ordered
The police told the crowd to get back to give the firemen more room. 警察命令人群后退,给消防队员腾出更多的地方。
- 回到…上来return to sth
- get behind (v.+adv.)
落在后面fall behind get behind
You'll regret if you get too far behind.如果你落后太多,你会后悔的。
Owing to his illness,Peter couldn't keep up with the rest of the class and get badly behind.由于生病,彼得没法跟上班级的其他同学,他落后一大截了。
During my illness I got behind in my school work, and now it is difficult to catch up.我生病期间功课拖下了,现在很难赶上。
He always gets behind in the race.赛跑时他总是落在后面。
Our industrial production has got behind in the last three months.上一季度我们的工业生产降下来了。
- 落在后面fall behind get behind
- get by (v.+adv.)
通过pass; be accepted, without comment or criticism
How can I get by while you stand in the way? 你挡住了路,我怎么过得去?
A truck blocked the greater part of the pathway, so that we couldn't get by. 卡车把小路阻塞了一大半,我们无法通过。
There was such a crowd outside the shop window that the young woman with the pram couldn't get by. 橱窗外面有一大群人,推婴儿车的那位年轻妇女无法过去。
The boxes had been left right in the doorway, so that it was impossible to get by. 因为箱子正好堆放在门口,所以要走过去是不可能的。
I didn't do too well on the exam, but I think I got by. 我考得不太好,但我想能及格。
Your work will get by, but try to improve it. 你的工作勉强过得去,但是要努力改进。
Their work will get by, but they ought to try to improve it. 他们的工作还过得去,但是应该再努力改进一下。
设法; 继续存在manage; survive
They drifted on the lake, fishing and catching shrimp to get by. 他们漂泊湖上,以打鱼捕虾为生。
We've just enough money to get by till pay day. 我们手头的钱只能勉强维持到发薪的日子。
How can he get by on such low wages? 以如此低微的工资,他如何度日?
She gets by on a remarkably small income. 她靠相当少的收入维护生活。
She can't get by without him. 没有他,她无法生活。
No one is able to get by without oxygen. 没有氧气谁也不能维持生命。
- 通过pass; be accepted, without comment or criticism
- get down (v.+adv.)
使沮丧depress get sb ⇔ down
This incessant rain and fog is getting me down.不停的下雨和雾使我心情沮丧。
The news seems to have got him down, don't you think we should try to cheer him up?看来那条消息使他情绪低落,你不认为我们应该去鼓励鼓励他,使他振作起来吗?
Repeated failure in the experiments has got the expert down.实验一次又一次地失败,使这位专家情绪低落。
Nothing gets me down so much as the flu.什么病都没有像这次流感那样使我身体这么虚弱。
下来; 下车come down; come down from the bus get down
It was easy enough to climb the tree but not easy to get down.爬上树去挺容易,可是下来就难了。
Sam got down from the ladder.萨姆从梯子上下来了。
The old lady got down from the bus.老太太从公共汽车上下了车。
吞下,咽下swallow; gulp down get sth ⇔ down
The pill is rather small. I can get it down without water.这药片很小,没有水我也能咽下去。
The meat was so tough that I simply couldn't get it down.这肉太老了,我简直咽不下去。
The pill was so large that he couldn't get it down.这颗药丸太大,他咽不下去。
I eventually managed to get the pill down.我终于设法把那粒药丸吞了下去。
The little boy got his medicine down with the help of a spoonful of jam.那小男孩借助于一勺果酱把药咽下去了。
写下; 记下write down get sth ⇔ down
He speaks so fast that I cannot get down every word.他说得太快了,我无法把他说的每个词都记下来。
Make sure that you get it down and his signature on it.你一定要把它记下来,并让他在上面签字。
Get down what you have observed in the experiment and report it to me after I come back.把实验中你观察的东西记下来,我回来后向我汇报。
弯下,跪下assume a stooping or kneeling position get down
He thought he heard a mouse under the bed, and got down on all fours to have a look.他好像听见床底下有老鼠的声音,就趴在地上看了一下。
He got down and began to pray.他跪下,开始祈祷。
射落succeed in shooting down get sth ⇔ down
The hunters got down a number of birds.猎人们打下了许多鸟。
They got down two enemy aircraft.他们击落了两架敌机。
- 使沮丧depress get sb ⇔ down
- get down to (v.+adv.+prep.)
开始认真处理,对待start to work seriously on get down to sth/v-ing
When you get down to it, it isn't so difficult.当你开始认真对待事情时,事情就不难。
She decided to get down to her French.她决定开始认真学习法语。
She got down to her work right after her holiday.假日一过,她便安下心来进行工作。
Having discussed the general theories, let's get down to cases.一般原理讨论完了,咱们开始研究实例吧。
It's time you got down to some practice or the other students will leave you behind.你早应该认真地开始做些练习,不然,你就要落在别的同学后面了。
You'll never finish the task unless you get down to it.你若不着手去做就永远也不能完成这项任务。
What with callers and telephone messages, it was ten o'clock before I could get down to my work.因忙于接待来访者及打电话,等我能专心搞工作时,已经十点钟了。
I'm going to get down to studying English this term.这学期我要认真学英语了。
- 开始认真处理,对待start to work seriously on get down to sth/v-ing
- get in (v.+adv.)
收割,收获collect; gather get sth ⇔ in
The farmers are getting the crops in now that they are ripe.庄稼熟了,农民正在收割。
The farmers were delighted to get the hay in so early in the year.农民们很高兴那年那么早就把草收好了。
The fishermen went to get the lobster pots in and were delighted to find one in each pot.渔民们收回捕虾篓后,高兴地发现每只篓里有一只龙虾。
插话say sth, especially by interrupting a conversation get a word in
May I get a word in?我可以插句话吗?
It is impolite to get a word in.别人谈话时插嘴是不礼貌的。
I think it's not difficult for him to get a word in edgeways, because all the chatterboxes are not here.我想他插上话并不难,因为那些喜欢饶舌的人都不在。
He talked so much that I could hardly get a word in.他讲个不停使我简直无法插话。
Jane wanted to get a word in but she failed.珍妮想插一句话,可是她没有机会。
到达arrive get in
When does the bus get in?公共汽车什么时候到达?
The train got in late.火车晚点了。
What time does the 2:05 from London get in, please?请问,从伦敦来的两点零五分的车什么时候进站?
当选be elected get in
It was widely held that the Conservative Party would get in, but it failed in the election .人们普遍认为保守党会上台,但它在选举中失败了。
His son finally got in after ten years' continuous effort.坚持不懈地努力了十年后,他的儿子终于当选了。
The Conservatives got in by a majority.保守党人以多数当选。
What would the Labour Party do if it cannot get in?如果工党不能当选,它怎么办呢?
Smith got in for Chester.史密斯当选为切斯特选区的议员。
He got in for New York State during the election .他在那次选举中当选为纽约州的议员。get sb ⇔ in
The Prime Minister's support got the official party man in.首相的支持使那个执政党的党员当选了。
- 收割,收获collect; gather get sth ⇔ in
- get in with (v.+adv.+prep.)
认识,巴结 become familiar or closely associated with get in with sb
He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他总是试图巴结最有影响的人物。
I can't get in with him at all.我根本无法结识他。
与…取得联系contact get in touch with sb
He promised to get in touch with us as soon as he returned from Europe.他答应从欧洲回来后立刻和我们联系。
When you are in New York, you might get in touch with a friend of mine.你到了纽约,可以和我的朋友取得联系。
- 认识,巴结 become familiar or closely associated with get in with sb
- get into (v.+prep.)
进入come in get into sth
Wang Tai got into the college basketball team last week.王泰上个星期加入了学院篮球队。
As soon as she got into the office, she got down to her work.她一进办公室就开始工作了。
Get into bed and stay there.快上床,别下来。
The train got into Nanjing at 9:30.列车9时30分到达南京。
That story has got into the newspaper.那件事已见报了。
She got into politics.她从政了。get sb into sth
The bus got me into the village at two o'clock.两点钟时公共汽车把我送进村子里。
陷入put oneself or sb else into a bad condition get into sth
These years he has got into lots of debts.这几年他负债累累。
We often got into debt in those years.那时候我们经常负债。
Stop doing that, or you'll get into trouble.别这样做,否则你会陷入困境的。
We got into hot water because of jealousy.由于妒忌,我们陷入困境了。
Haines got into a rage.海恩斯勃然大怒。get sb into sth
This mistake may get him into difficulties.这一错误将使他陷入困境。
学会; 养成learn or become accustomed to get into a/the habit
John, however, had gotten into the habit of drinking too much liquor.可是,约翰养成了酗酒的坏习惯。
It's much easier to get into a habit than quit it.养成一种习惯比改掉一种习惯容易得多。
- 进入come in get into sth
- get off1 (v.+adv.)
离开; 动身leave; start a journey get off
We must be getting off now.我们现在要动身了。
He intended to get off on his vacation early in the morning.他打算一大早动身去度假。
The plane got off on time.飞机准时起飞了。
We must get off before it gets dark.趁天没黑我们得走了。get sb/oneself ⇔ off
The children had to get themselves off to school as both their parents went out to work at eight o'clock.由于父母都在八点钟上班去了,孩子们只好自己去上学。
发出send get sth ⇔ off
I'd like to get this letter off by the first post.我想把此信交头班邮递出去。
(使)免受处分(cause to) escape punishment get off
We were astonished when we heard that the accused person had got off.当我们听说被告被免予处罚时,我们大为惊讶。
You won't get off so easily next time.下次可不会这样轻易放过你。
She got off this time, but next time her excuse won't help her.这次她算没事了,但是下次她的借口就帮不上忙了。get sb ⇔ off
I think the man was guilty but his lawyer managed to get him off.我认为这个人有罪,但他的律师设法使他免受处罚。
It was her youth that got her off, not her innocence.因为她幼小的年龄而不是因为她清白才免于惩罚。
(使)入睡(cause to) be able to fall asleep get off to sleep
After taking some pills, the patient got off to sleep.病人服了一些药片,就入睡了。
He couldn't get off to sleep.他不能入睡。
停止工作stop work get off
When do you get off?你何时停工?
记住; 背诵remember; recite get sth ⇔ off
She got a passage off by heart.她背熟了一段文章。
- 离开; 动身leave; start a journey get off
- get off2 (v.+prep.)
离开leave get off sth
We'd better get off the lake before the storm breaks, or we'll get soaked.我们最好在暴风雨来临之前离开湖面,不然我们就得要淋得湿透了。get sth off sth
He can't get the ring off his finger.他无法把戒指从手指上摘下。
I cannot get this thing off my mind.我心里老放不下这件事。
下(车,马)leave a public vehicle, a bicycle, horse, etc. get off sth
Get off the bus at the Post Office.在邮局门口下车。
The bus broke down and all the passengers had to get off it.公共汽车坏了,全体乘客只得下车。
Excuse me,I have to get off the bus at the next stop.请原谅,下一站我得下车了。
At what station do you usually get off the subway?你乘地铁通常在哪个站下车?
He got off the bicycle and went into the house.他从自行车上下来走进了屋子。
She got off her horse to open the gate.她下马去开门。
The policeman told the child to get off the pony.警察让孩子从小马上下来。
- 离开leave get off sth
- get off with (v.+adv.+prep.)
与…交好be on friendly terms get off with sb
Mike thinks his wife is trying to get off with Tom.迈克觉得他的妻子和汤姆有暧昧关系。
Gage got off with a millionaire.盖奇勾搭上了一个百万富翁。
Mike thinks I'm trying to get off with his girlfriend.迈克以为我要与他的女朋友交好。
She got off with him an hour after the party started.她在晚会开始一小时后就和他要好起来。
罚款impose a fine or forfeit get off with sth
He got off with only a fine instead of possible imprisonment.他仅受到罚款而不被监禁。
He got off with a ￡50 fine.他被罚款50英镑了事。
- 与…交好be on friendly terms get off with sb
- get on (v.+adv.)
继续continue, often after interruption get on
I must be getting on; I have to be back home before dark.我得走了,我必须在天黑之前回到家。
Now let's get on to the next exhibition room.现在我们到下一个展览室去吧。
进行do; perform get on
She is getting on nicely.她干得很好。
I asked how he was getting on at school.我问他在学校情况怎样。
变老; 变晚become later or old get on
Time is getting on.时间晚了。
Although he is getting on in years, he is strong.他虽然年岁已大,但还是身强力壮。
上车,上马seat oneself on a bicycle, horse, etc. get on
I'll hold your horse while you get on.我拉住你的马,你骑上去。
They got on at Lanzhou.他们是在兰州上的车。get on sth
Only one person at a time is allowed to get on the horse.一次只准一个人骑到马上去。
- 继续continue, often after interruption get on
- get on for〔towards〕 (v.+adv.+prep.)
接近 approach; be almost reaching, in time, age, or distance; be nearly get on for〔towards〕 sth
It's getting on for nine o'clock.快九点了。
It was getting on towards eleven o'clock when he finally arrived.快11点了他才到来。
He must be getting on for forty now.他肯定快40了。
It's getting on towards the end of the term now.期末即将来临。
- 接近 approach; be almost reaching, in time, age, or distance; be nearly get on for〔towards〕 sth
- get on with (v.+adv.+prep.)
继续(干某事) continue to do; perform get on with sth
How are you getting on with your work?你工作情况怎样?
As we got on with the job,I found myself keenly interested.在我们进行这项工作时,我产生了浓厚的兴趣。
Excuse me if I get on with this letter, but the post goes in twenty minutes.对不起我要继续写信,离邮班只有二十分钟了。
- 继续(干某事) continue to do; perform get on with sth
- get one's own back
报复have one's revenge
He tricked me this time but I'll get my own back (on him) one day. 这次他骗了我，可是我有一天要(向他)报复。
- 报复have one's revenge
- get onto (v.+prep.)
给…讲,写信给…,联系 speak or write to; contact
I'll get onto the director and see if he can help. 我和局长联系一下看他能否给予帮助。
识破 find out about deceived by sb
He tricked people for years until the police got onto him. 多年来他欺骗人们一直到警察识破他。
着手谈及,开始做 begin to talk about or work at
Let's get onto the main point of today's meeting. 现在我们进行今天会议的主要议题。
乘(飞机、汽车等) get on
They get onto the plane at Cario. 他们在开罗上飞机。
- 给…讲,写信给…,联系 speak or write to; contact
- get out (v.+adv.)
出来,出去come or go out get out
A young man got out.走出一个年轻人。
He took the cap and got out.他拿起帽子就走了。
走开go away, be off get out
Get out!I won't hear you.滚开! 我不要听你的话。
(使)出现,(使)逃出(cause to) emerge or escape get out
Few of the enemy troops got out alive.敌军生还者很少。get sb ⇔ out
They could not find a way to get themselves out.他们无法找到一条逃生之路。
从车上下来leave a vehicle, etc. get out
The passengers got out and walked across the bridge.乘客从车上下来,步行过桥。
开始被人知道; 漏出become known; leak out get out
Handle with care, or the acid may get out.小心轻放,否则酸要淌出来。
No one could discover how the secret got out and who did it.没人能查出秘密是如何传出去的,又是谁传的。
News of the Budget Crisis got out before it was officially announced.有关预算危机的消息在官方宣布前就已传出去了。
参加社交活动take part in social activities get out
John advised Peter to get out and mix more with people.约翰劝彼得出去参加社交活动,多跟人们来往。
(天气)变得(晴朗等)(the weather) become fine, etc. get out+adj.
It got out very fine.天气变得很好。
出版,发行publish get sth ⇔ out
The publishers hope to get the new version out before Christmas.出版商希望在圣诞节之前出版新版本。
Will we get the new dictionary out by the end of the year?我们能在年底出版这部新词典吗?
The Hebei People's Publishing House recently got out two new novels.河北人民出版社最近出版了两部新小说。用于 be ～ed 结构
A new version of the dictionary has been got out.这部词典的一种新版本已经问世。
作出; 完成produce; complete get sth ⇔ out
They have got out a scheme to build a hydropower station in the hills.他们已作出计划,准备在山里建造一座水电站。
They managed to get the plans out on time.他们总算按时订出了计划。
When will you get the accounts out?你什么时候把账算出来?
(成功地)解决,解答出succeed in solving; succeed in finding the correct answer to get sth ⇔ out
Not a single boy in the class could get the problem out.班上没有一个学生解得出这道题。
探听出,盘问出draw or find out by inquiry get sth ⇔ out
We got out some information about the enemy's dispositions from the captured enemy officer.我们从俘获的敌人军官那里盘问出一些有关敌军部署的情况。
准备好make ready get sth ⇔ out
I'll get the car out and we can be off.我去把车开出来,我们就可走了。
She got a bed out for her unexpected guest.她为那位不速之客准备好床铺。
获得receive; be given get sth ⇔ out
He got out nothing at last.他最后什么也没有得到。
从图书馆等借出borrow from a library, etc. get sth ⇔ out
She got the book out for a fortnight.她把书借来,为期两周。
- 出来,出去come or go out get out
- get out of (v.+adv.+prep.)
离开; 下 go away from; get off; leave get out of sth
He got out of the car as soon as it stopped.车一停他就下了车。
The meeting went on late and he wanted to get out of it soon.会开得太晚了,他想早点离开。
I get out of bed at about 6:30 every morning.我每天早上大约六点半起床。
停止; 改掉; 戒掉; 脱离,摆脱,克服; 避免做某事 be able to stop or get rid of; escape from; be free from; overcome; avoid doing sth get out of sth
I can't get out of the habit of waking up at six o'clock.我没法摆脱6点钟醒来的习惯。
I've got out of the habit of doing exercises every day,I must start again.我已经中断了每天运动的习惯,我得从头开始。
He has already got out of danger.他已脱险。
I don't want to go to this meeting but I can't get out of it.我不想去参加这个会,但我又无法摆脱。
Everyone must take his turn at washing up; no one will be allowed to get out of it.每人都得轮流洗碗; 任何人不得逃避。
I told him that I would see him through.Now I don't want to but I cannot get out of it.我告诉他我会帮助他渡过难关。现在我不想这样做,却不能逃避了。
His friends noticed that he managed to get out of all the unpleasant tasks.他的朋友们注意到他设法逃避一切令人不愉快的任务。get out of v-ing
Some people always try to get out of paying income tax.有些人总是试图逃避缴纳个人所得税。get sb out of v-ing
You'll have to get her our of biting her nails.你一定要让她改掉咬指甲的习惯。
从…得到; 获得 gain or obtain from get sth out of sth
You could always use blackmail to get the money out of her.你总能用敲诈手段从她那儿得到钱。
It's a fairly elementary course, so advanced learners won't get much out of it.这是一门相当初级的课程,所以高水平的学生从中学不到多少东西。
- 离开; 下 go away from; get off; leave get out of sth
- get over1 (v.+adv.)
(使)渡过,(使)穿过(cause to) climb over ; put over get over
He got over while the traffic was stopped.车辆停下来时,他过了马路。
They came to a river and wondered how to get over.他们来到河边,想打听怎样过河。get sb/sth ⇔ over
We must get the children and women over first.我们应该先让儿童和妇女渡过去。
We had to get the animals over first.我们得先把牲畜赶过去。
传送communicate sth get over
He gets over well when he wants to.他想说什么,都能表达自如。
That actor gets over beautifully.那个演员表演得很传神。
The play really gets over, doesn't it?这出戏的确感动人,是不是?get sth ⇔ over
They got the play over all right.这出戏,他们演得很动人。
I couldn't get it over to him that I meant to come.我打算去,可没法给他们递这个信儿。
A person may have a thorough knowledge of his subject, and yet unable to get it over to an audience.一个人或许对他的专业了解得很透彻,可他却不能对别人解释清楚。用于 be ～ed 结构
These facts may be clear enough to us, who have made a study of them, but how are they to be got over to the man in the street?这些事实对于我们可能是够清楚的了,我们曾做过一番研究,但怎么能为一般人所理解呢?
做完…,结束reach the end of get sth ⇔ over
Let's do the job now and get it over.咱们现在就干这事,并且把它干完。
Tom worked fast to get his lesson over.汤姆赶着把功课做完。
You'll be glad to get your operation over.你做完手术就会高兴了。
We haven't much business, so we are hoping to get the meeting over fairly quickly.我们没有多少事要在会上解决,所以我们渴望很快结束会议。
- (使)渡过,(使)穿过(cause to) climb over ; put over get over
- get over2 (v.+prep.)
(使)爬过,越过(cause to) climb over; put over get over sth
They got over the river.他们过了河。
It was hard to get over the muddy road.那条烂泥路很难走。
He got over the obstacles.他越过了障碍。
Can you get over that wall?你能爬过那个墙吗?get sb/sth over sth
It was difficult to get the pole over the hedge.要把这根竿子传递过树篱很困难。
How do you get a horse over a high fence?你怎么能使马越过很高的栅栏?
He got the children safely over the fence.他帮孩子们安全地翻过篱笆。
走完cover a distance off get over sth
They only managed to get over ten kilometers.他们只走完了10公里。
The athlete failed to get over the distance in the minimum time to qualify for the final.这位运动员没能在决赛资格所需的最短时限内跑完这段距离。
克服; 克制surmount; overcome; conquer get over sth/v-ing
You'll get over that with practice.多练习一些你的困难就会过去。
We must get over our shortcomings and mistakes in our work.我们必须克服工作上的缺点和错误。
She seems to have got over her problems.她的问题似乎已经解决。
She got over this problem by leaving her baby with someone else.她把孩子托付给别人才解决了这个问题。
The actor had to learn to get over his fear of the public.那演员要学会克服害怕观众的恐惧心理。
By that time he had got over some of his agitation.到这时候他激动不安的情绪已克服了一些。
I hope you'll get over being angry.我希望你克制住不要生气。用于 be ～ed 结构
Once these difficulties were got over the work would speed up.一旦克服了这些困难,工作进展就快了。
从…中恢复过来recover from sth unpleasant; succeed in overcoming; get well from an illness, shock or bad experience get over sth
The man returned to work after he got over his illness.那个人病好了以后又回去工作了。
She has quite got over her attack of influenza.她得了流感,现在已经完全恢复了。
He is just getting over a bad heart attack, so he is still weak now.他心脏病初愈,身体仍很虚弱。
I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已从虚弱和疲惫中恢复过来。
He has never really got over the loss of his wife.他妻子的去世给他的打击极大,他一直没有好好地恢复过来。
They don't appear to have got over their disappointment.他们还没有从失望中恢复过来。
He never got over his big financial losses.他丝毫没有恢复他在钱财方面的巨大损失。
It is hard to get over the death of a member of your family.一个家庭成员的去世是难以忘却的。
- (使)爬过,越过(cause to) climb over; put over get over sth
- get over (and done) with
〈非正〉做完,结束(某件不愉快的事)end; finish; conclude; wind up get sth over (and done) with
Can we just get this questioning over with?我们能否结束这种盘问?
Let's get the farewells over with and go!让我们告别后就走吧!
I have to see the dentist today; I'll be glad to get it over with.我今天得去看牙齿,我将高兴地熬过这一关。
You are able to enjoy your holiday now that you've got the examinations over and done with.你已经考试完毕,可以愉快地放假了。
- 〈非正〉做完,结束(某件不愉快的事)end; finish; conclude; wind up get sth over (and done) with
- get through1 (v.+adv.)
穿过; 通过pass through
The passage is too narrow for cars to get through. 通道太窄,汽车过不去。
The politics exam is difficult for us to get through in the Entrance Examination for Graduate Studies. 在研究生入学考试中,政治考试是很难通过的科目。
The new bill got through by a margin of two votes. 那个新议案仅以两票的多数获得通过。
People began to doubt whether the bill would ever get through. 人们开始怀疑这项议案究竟能否通过。
My sister got through all right in the second round of the match. 我妹妹在第二轮比赛中成绩良好。
到达目的地 aim, reach
Our message doesn't seem to have got through, we've had no reply though it was sent several days ago. 我们的信件看来没有收到,因为已经寄了好几天了,可至今还没有接到回音。
读完; (使)理解 read through; (cause to) be understood (by)
In the case of good books, the point is not to see how many of them you can get through, but rather how many can get through you — how many you can make your own. 就好书而论,关键不是看你(能)读完多少本,而是要看多少本你能弄明白,即你能把多少本变成自己的东西。
(用电话)接通某人 reach sb by telephone
This morning I tried to telephone you but I couldn't get through. 今天早晨我想给你打个电话来说,可就是打不通。
- 穿过; 通过pass through
- get through2 (v.+prep.)
The man was so fat that he couldn't get through the doorway. 这人太胖,以至连门都进不了。
It only took us a few minutes to get through the Customs. 通过海关检查只花了我们几分钟。
Did you get through the maths exam? 你数学考试及格了吗?
He got through the written examination but failed in the oral test. 他笔试通过了,但口试却不及格。
All this will help you get through the winter. 这一切可以帮你熬过冬天。
We all hope that he can get through the freezing winter and get better. 我们都希望他能度过这寒冷的冬天并一点点好起来。
They got through the work as quickly as they could. 他们以最快的速度完成了那项工作。
I got through the novel in one evening. 我一个晚上就看完了这本小说。
I'll go with you as soon as I get through this work. 这项工作一搞完我就和你一道去。
I didn't get through studying last night until almost twelve o'clock. 昨晚直到将近十二点我才做完功课。
Albert wished to get through the necessary business quickly. 阿尔伯特希望能快一点把要做的事做完。
用完,花光 spend all money
He has got through 1000 yuan in less than a month. 他不到一个月就花掉了1000块钱。
If we don't try to get rid of wasting coal, we'll get through the coal quickly. 如果我们不努力克服对煤炭的浪费,我们很快就会把所有的煤都用光的。
The child was very hungry.He got through a big plate of meat and vegetables and asked for another one. 那孩子太饿了,吃完了一大盘肉和蔬菜后,他还想再来一盘。
I've got through my paper. Will you lend me some? 我的纸用完了,请你借点给我好吗?
- 通过,穿过pass through
- get through to (v.+adv+prep.)
使被理解,使明白 make understand
Mary could hardly get through to Jack. 玛丽几乎无法使杰克明白她的意思。
The man doesn't know English.How can I get through to him? 那人不懂英文,我怎么才能让他明白我所说的话呢?
He could not get through to me while he was talking about his special field. 他谈到他的专业时,我就听不懂了。
The baby-sitter who comes from the South cannot get through to the little boy since she has a very strong southern accent. 小男孩听不懂那个南方保姆所说的话,因为她有很重的南方口音。
(帮助…)接通电话等 reach sb by telephone
I rang him several times this morning but could not get through to him. 上午我给他打了几次电话,但都没打通。
I can't get through to her. 我给她打电话打不通。
I can't get through to Paris. 我打不通巴黎的电话。
I just can't get through to Mr.Wang.His line is always engaged. 我就是无法与王先生通话。他的电话一直占线。
The operator finally got through to my tutor's extension number. 接线员最终接通了我的指导教师的分机。
- 使被理解,使明白 make understand
- get to (v.+prep.)
到达,抵达arrive at〔in〕; reach get to sth
He will get to Paris tomorrow.他明天到巴黎。
He didn't get to the hotel until midnight.他半夜才到达旅馆。
I missed the bus and didn't get to the office until ten o'clock.我错过了那班汽车,10点钟才到办公室。
We got to the top of the mountain before sunrise.我们在日出之前到达了山顶。
开始begin, start get to sth
Now let's get to the real work.现在我们来办正事吧。
It's time we got to business.到了该工作的时间了。get to v-ing
She gets to worrying if I leave her too long.如果我离开她太久,她就要担心起来了。
Lying in bed, unable to sleep,I got to thinking how nice it would be to go away and start a new life somewhere else.躺在床上睡不着,我就开始想:如果离开此地到别的地方开始新生活该有多好。
抓住; 接触,和…取得联系succeed in reaching or communicating with get to sth
If you have a definite purpose in mind, get to the point promptly.如果你心里有明确的意图,就干脆说出来。
They are unable to get to the heart of a problem and naturally cannot find a way to resolve its contradictions.他们抓不住问题的要害,自然也就找不出解决矛盾的办法。
It was too late by the time he got to the authorities.待他和当局取得联系时为时已经太晚。
弄清…底细find out details of sth get to the bottom of sth
We must get to the bottom of the matter.我们必须弄清这件事的内情。
- 到达,抵达arrive at〔in〕; reach get to sth
- get together (v.+adv.)
聚会; 联欢have a meeting or party; meet in order to discuss or spend time together get together
When can we get together?我们什么时候欢聚呢?
We can get together sometime next week.下星期的某个时候我们聚一聚。
Let's get together one evening and talk about old times.我们找一个晚上聚会一次,叙叙旧。
They all tried to get together during the Spring Festival.在春节期间他们都设法聚会一下。
The whole family tries to get together at least once a year at Christmas time.全家设法至少每年圣诞节聚会一次。
Some of the lads get together at the pub once a week.有些小伙子在这酒吧每周聚会一次。get sb/sth ⇔ together
He soon got an army together.他很快就集合了一支部队。
It is difficult to get them all together under one roof.把他们都聚集到一个屋里是困难的。用于 be ～ed 结构
Enough volunteers were got together to keep the beaches clean all through the summer.足够的志愿人员已组织起来,使海滩在整个夏天保持了清洁。
收集; 整理collect; gather; accumulate; bring together; put things in order get sth ⇔ together
It took me a year to get the necessary materials together.我花了一年的时间才把所需要的资料组织好。
- 聚会; 联欢have a meeting or party; meet in order to discuss or spend time together get together
- get up1 (v.+adv.)
(使)起床rise from one's bed; cause to be out of bed get up
The man got up and began working again.这个人起床后又开始工作了。
At what time does your wife get up?你的夫人什么时候起床?
He got up at first light to sweep the road.天刚亮他就起来扫街了。
I'm not used to getting up early.我不习惯早起。
Get up earlier in future.以后早些起床。
I usually get up a bit later on holidays.假日我通常晚一点起床。
Getting up early is a very good habit.早起是个很好的习惯。get sb/oneself ⇔ up
It is time you got the baby up for its bottle.你该叫醒孩子吃奶了。
It's high time you were able to get yourself up, my boy!现在你应该可以不要人叫就自己起床了,我的孩子!
站起来; (使)起立rise to one's feet; cause to rise; stand up; move from a lying or sitting position to a standing one get up
The men got up and began working again.这些男人站起来开始干活儿了。
Please don't get up,I can find my own way out.请别起来,我能找到出去的路。
The soldier got up and insisted that I lie down on the seat.那位战士站起身,一定要我躺到他座位上。
Men often got up when a lady entered a room in the old days.过去,每当有一位女士进屋,男士们总是站起身来。
Everyone got up and applauded when the combat heroes entered the conference hall.当战斗英雄们进入会议大厅时,全体起立鼓掌。get sb ⇔ up
Seeing a little child fall on the road, he hurried to get her up.他看见一个女孩跌倒在路上,赶忙去把她扶了起来。
举起,竖起,递上,搬上raise; bring; carry up get sth ⇔ up
Get up the ladder, and I'll pass the paint up.把梯子竖起来,我要把油漆递上去。
Finally they got the anchor up and set sail.最后他们起了锚,扬帆出发了。
The workman got the tools up from below.工匠把工具从下面搬了上去。
使靠近; 行近bring nearer; move nearer get up
People on shore greeted the new 10,000-ton liner by waving their arms as it was getting up.当新造的万吨巨轮驶近时,岸上的人们挥臂欢迎。get sth ⇔ up
The soldiers have got their equipment up to the front line.士兵们已经把装备运往前线。
变得猛烈,增加强度; 增加速度等arise and increase; increase in force or violence; increase speed, etc. get up
As the wind is getting up, we'd better gather in the cotton from the threshing ground.风越刮越大了,我们还是去把晒场上的棉花收进来吧。
In Singapore you know it's going to rain if the wind suddenly gets up.在新加坡,如果突然刮起风来,你就知道要下雨了。get sth ⇔ up
Then our car got up speed.接着我们的汽车加快了速度。
The ferryboat in the harbour got up steam for the sailing to the island.停泊在港内的渡轮增强了锅炉的气压,准备驶向那个岛屿。
As a result of the technical innovation, the steelworkers got production up by twenty percent.由于进行了技术革新,钢铁工人把产量提高了百分之二十。
修整,装饰; 打扮make beautiful or attractive; dress up; ornament or change the appearance of get sb/sth/oneself ⇔ up
We get Grandfather up as Father Christmas.我们把爷爷化装成圣诞老人。
The mother got her children up in their new clothes on National Day.国庆节那天,妈妈让孩子们穿上了新衣裳。
Helen got up her hair before going to the dinner party.海伦在去赴宴前把头发梳理好。
She's got herself up in a new outfit.她穿了一身新衣服。
They got themselves up in their national costume.他们都穿上了自己的民族服装。用于 be ～ed 结构
At the college fancy-dress ball, one of the students was got up as a tramp.在学院的化装舞会上,有个学生扮成一个流浪汉。
The printed libretto was handsomely got up.这本印刷的歌剧剧本装帧得很美观。
The book has been got up very nicely by the designers and printers.这书的装帧与印刷都很精美。
The stage was got up to represent a carpenter's shop.舞台被装饰成一个木工车间。
安排; 准备; 组织; 筹划arrange; prepare; organize; perform get sth ⇔ up
We are getting up some short plays for our English evening.我们在为英语晚会排几个短剧。
We are getting up an evening of folk singing.我们在组织一次民歌演唱晚会。
They got up a musical performance for the children.他们给孩子们安排了一场音乐会。
He is good at getting things up for parties.他善于安排聚会的各种事宜。
They got up a chorus for the performance on National Day.他们为国庆演出排练了一个大合唱。用于 be ～ed 结构
The scheme was well got up.这个设计组织得很好。
A subscription was got up by the Old Boys to provide the school with a new pavilion.捐款是校友会筹集起来给学校修建音乐厅的。
学习,研究; 记熟study; memorize get sth ⇔ up
I must start getting up my lecture notes.我应该开始温习我的听课笔记。
He is going to get up his Japanese in preparation for the exam.他要温习日语,准备考试。
As the final exam is approaching, the students are busy getting up mathematics and physics.因为快期末考试了,学生们正忙着准备数学和物理。
He devoted studious hours to getting up the subjects to be discussed.他对即将讨论的题目花了许多时间研究。
激发,激起work up; stimulate; rouse get sth ⇔ up
I cannot get up the courage to tell her.我无法鼓起勇气去告诉她。
His insolent manner really got my blood up.他那专横的态度把我的肺都气炸了。
A good day's labour got his appetite up.劳动了一整天,他饭吃得特别香。
- (使)起床rise from one's bed; cause to be out of bed get up
- get up2 (v.+prep.)
沿着…向上爬climb along sth up get up sth
The boy got up the tree without difficulty.男孩毫无困难地爬上树去。
The old man got up the stairs slowly.老头慢慢地上了楼。
- 沿着…向上爬climb along sth up get up sth
- get up to (v.+adv.+prep.)
赶上catch up with
I had just got up to their boat when a strong wind hit us. 我刚赶上他们那只船,就遭到一股劲风的袭击。
靠近到; 达到arrive close to; reach
The enemy got up to the wall of the town before they attacked. 敌人靠近城墙之后才开始进攻。
I've got up to page 110 in the book. 这本书我看到了110页。
搞…,胡闹plan or begin sth naughty
Don't get up to any mischief. 不要胡闹。
He gets up to all sorts of tricks. 他玩弄各种诡计。
◇ 用于 be ～ed 结构
You'd never believe the things that were got up to by those boys. 你切不可相信那些男孩干出来的事。
- 赶上catch up with
- get a blow 遭到打击
- get a book 买一本书
- get a car 买辆汽车
- get a card 收到贺卡
- get a chill 着凉
- get a cold 感冒
- get a credit 获得好评
- get a diploma 取得文凭
- get a doctor 请医生
- get a flu 患流感
- get a foot 行走
- get a good crop 获得丰收
- get a hat 买顶帽子
- get a job 找到工作
- get a letter 收到一封信
- get a note 留言
- get a prize 获奖
- get a reply 得到答复
- get a ship under way 开出一条船
- get a taxi 租车
- get a telegram 收到电报
- get a telephone 听电话
- get a ticket 得到一张罚单
- get a woman with child 使女人怀孕
- get hold of 弄到手,认为,知道(某人的去向)
- get information 获得信息
- get one's hair cut 理发
- get one's own way 随心所欲,肆无忌惮
- get punishment 遭到惩罚
- get some fresh air 呼吸新鲜空气
- get the measles 出麻疹
- get the run of 熟悉,掌握
- get the shopping 得到购买的商品
- get accustomed to 习惯
- get asleep 入睡
- get better (病)有好转,有起色
- get cold 变冷
- get confused 迷惑不解
- get divorced 离婚
- get dressed 穿衣
- get engaged 订婚
- get hot 变热
- get longer 变得更长
- get lost 迷路
- get married 结婚
- get nervous 变得紧张不安
- get old 变老
- get ready 准备好
- get sick of sb 讨厌某人
- get strong 变强壮
- get the better of 胜过,超过,占上风,左右,支配
- get warm 变暖
- get wet 弄湿
- get worse and worse 每况愈下
- get anywhere 一事无成
- get nowhere 无结果
- get somewhere 有些结果
- get there 成功,达到目的
- get amazingly 吃惊地得到
- get apparently 明显地得到
- get cautiously 慎重地买
- get consciously 自觉地到达
- get directly 直接获得
- get duly 按时来
- get effectually 有效地获得
- get eventually 终于成为
- get finally 最终得到
- get fraudulently 诈骗得到
- get freely 随意地买
- get generally 普遍接受
- get gradually 逐步发生
- get honorably 光荣地获得
- get hurriedly 匆忙地购买
- get immediately 立即到达
- get impossibly 不可能到达
- get legally 合法地得到
- get lively 活跃起来
- get moderately 适度地买
- get naturally 自然地来
- get opportunely 恰好收到
- get perfectly 十分合适
- get precisely 准确地收到
- get rapidly 迅速成为
- get rarely 难得来
- get readily 有准备地来
- get really 真正地来
- get selfishly 自私地获得
- get sheepishly 害羞地来
- get singularly 奇怪地得到
- get suddenly 突然地来
- get undoubtedly 肯定成为
- get unfamiliarly 不熟悉地来
- get about 徘徊,走动,(消息)传播,传开
- get across 通过,渡过,触怒
- get along 友好相处,(事情)进展顺利,(机器,设备)用来得心应手
- get along well with sb 与某人相处得好
- get around〔round〕 说服,走动,旅行,(消息)传开
- get away 使…离开,把…送〔拿走〕
- get back 找回,(退)回去,让开,恢复
- get back that book 把那本书找〔要〕回来
- get behind 落后,迟到,识破,深入,支持
- get by 走过,勉强及格,勉强生活下去,可以对付
- get down 使…下来,记下,放下,使…烦恼,跪〔趴〕下,降
- get down the main points 把要点记下来
- get in (使)进入,收集,收回,插入,参加,入境,当选,熟悉起来
- get in a doctor to look at the child 请医生给孩子看病
- get off 下(车),出发,起飞,脱下,取下,说话,避开,免罚,干完(工作)
- get off a joke 说笑话
- get out 离开,出去(交朋友,使生活有情趣),取出,除掉(污渍),印(小册子,讲稿等),(难以)启口,(消息)走漏,摆脱,放弃,解决,出版
- get out some facts from sb 从某人那里盘问出一些事实
- get over 忘却,(不能)理解,相信,恢复,复原,克服(困难),解决(难题)
- get the bill through 通过这项法案
- get through very well 好好地干一番事业
- get together 团结起来,取得一致意见,集会,把…组织起来
- get up 起立,爬上(山),骑上(马),达到,叫起床,组织,研究,打扮成
- get up another book 构思一本新书
- get up like a girl 打扮得像个女孩子
- get above oneself 自高自大
- get above others in English 英语比别人好
- get across the river 过河
- get after sb to change his mind 力劝某人改变主意
- get at 看出(秘密),达到,挨近,责备,着手做,贿赂
- get at a place 到达一个地方
- get beyond 越过,为…所达不到
- get into 开始,从事,被…录取,进入,变成,穿(衣服)
- get into bad habits 染上坏习惯
- get into trouble 陷入麻烦
- get off the back of a horse 从马背上下来
- get off the bus 下公共汽车
- get off the train 下火车
- get out of (使)离开,(使)去掉,摆脱,从…中得到,由…溢出
- get out of a bad habit 戒除坏习惯
- get out of a difficulty 摆脱困难
- get out of hand 失去控制,不可收拾,(孩子)管不住
- get out of the plane 走下飞机
- get over a difficulty 克服困难
- get over the fence 翻越栅栏
- get through a dangerous illness 大病不死
- get to 到达,变得…起来,开始,着手
- get under way (生产)就绪,上路
- get with 开始做,着手做,对…注意
- get done with sth 做完(结束)某事
- get even with sb 和某人算账,向某人报复
- get so far with it 进行到这种程度
Men are not born rich; and in getting wealth the man is generally sacrificed.出自：R. W. Emerson
It was all honourably gotten and was designed to be honourably spent.出自：E. A. Freeman
The news was usually gotten from the..man who was sent to the post-office for the mail.出自：B. T. Washington
I ran back to the verandah to get my hat.出自：J. Conrad
Mellors went into the country and got work on a farm.出自：D. H. Lawrence
I could have got all the women I wanted in London.出自：W. S. Maugham
He..got his own breakfast.出自：J. C. Powys
Dean got a table, bought drinks.出自：J. Kerouac
I got myself a reasonably sound education.出自：I. Murdoch
An Army friend..had gotten us tickets for a Tchaikovsky extravaganza.出自：P. Roth
I got a letter from Lucy this morning.
Can you come and get me from the station when I arrive?
As you get old, your memory gets worse.
I often get up at five o'clock.
I went to see him, but he told me to get out.
It will take me another hour to get the washing done.
I will get him to teach me.
I will have him teach me.
I soon got to know him very well.
We soon got talking together．
have got的用法：与have搭配使用时，got可在某些句子中省略，仍使整句的意思不变。这个用法常见于口语。I have got to do it. It has got to be done.注意的是，这里英美两国用的都是have got，不是have gotten。have got不可用在助动词后面。have got从语法的角度上来说属于完成时态结构，因此got不可以再加完成时，不能以have had got或had had got等形式出现。有些表达方式中，have后是绝不可加got的，如have a bath,have a chat,have a look,have a smoke等。不定式had got to ...使用不普遍，用在疑问句中时更不常见，应尽量避免使用。有时候，这个词组中have作助动词，got作过去分词。口语形式中常将have省略，留got。
I have got a new cap.
I have got a cold.
I may have got to do it.
I have got a new cap.
- 在表示“得到”“收到”“获得”“受到”等意时, get后可接名词或代词作宾语。
- get在表示“请求”“命令”“吩咐”“说服”某人做某事或使某人进入某种状态时,可接以带to的动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语; 在表示“使得某事被做的”,可接以过去分词充当补足语的复合宾语; 在表示“使变成某种状态”时,可接以现在分词充当补足语的复合宾语; get也常后接带形容词、副词或常用作形容词的过去分词或介词短语的复合宾语。
- get还可用作系动词,在表示“使…变得…”时,可接名词、形容词或常用作形容词的过去分词作表语。在表示“被、受”的含义时,尤其是口语中,常与过去分词连用。在美国口语中, get加现在分词则可表示某种状态的变化或一个新动作的开始。
- get在口语中常使用has〔have〕 got分别代替have或has表示“拥有”。疑问句则用Have you got...或Has he got...代替Do you have...?(AmE)或Have you...?(BrE)。还可用have got to do代替have to do。
以have got to代替have to的用法不能用于过去时。例如:
我当时不得不这样做。误：I had got to do it then.正：I had to do it then.
get+ n./pron. + v -ed的意思是“使某事完成”, v -ed的动作可能是句子中的主语来实现的(例1),也可能是由别人来实现的(例2)。试比较:
The nurse hurriedly got the children dressed.保育员匆匆地给孩子们穿好衣服。When I got there, they had got the ma- chine fixed.当我到时,他们已请人把机器修好了。
- get to, arrive
这两个词都含有“到达”的意思。其区别是：arrive用于较正式的场合; 而get to是通俗用词。例如：
- The train arrived at Paris at ten o'clock.
- When did you get to Qingdao?
- get, cause, make
cause, make和get都具有“使役”意义。其区别是：1.cause强调的是什么原因使某人做某事; make则具有强制的意味,即强迫某人做什么事; get是指以说服或命令之方式让某人做某事。2.使用cause和get时,应当用cause〔get〕 sb to do sth 句型,而使用make时,应当用make sb do sth 句型。
- get, bring, carry, fetch, take
这组词都可以表示“拿”“带”。其区别是：1.bring 表示“拿来”,指从别处拿过来,方向一般是说话者,多指比较近的东西,也可以指带到一个说话人将要到达的地方,有时还可指由说话者随身带着(去某处),可以包括“带走”; take 表示“拿走”“带走”,指从此处拿出去,例如:When you go home take the letter with you.你回家去的时候,把信带去。fetch表示“去拿来”; carry则指“随身带着”,没有明确的方向性,同时强调体力方面的负担,可代替bring和take,例如:The mother carries her baby in her arms.母亲把小宝宝抱在怀里。get与fetch的意思差不多,都表示“(到别处去把某人或某物)取来”,但它更口语化。2.bring 和 take 都表示单程,只是方向相反,而fetch则表示一往一返。3.fetch强调目的性,即专门到一个地方把(某人)某物请〔带〕回来; bring则强调方向性,即动作朝着说话者的方向或所在地。4.take, bring和carry都可指携带〔运送〕较小的东西, carry还可指携带〔运送〕较大、较重的东西。5.take, bring和carry都可指人运送, carry还可指马、车等牲口或运输工具运送,也可指以管道的形式运输。
- get, cook, fix, make, prepare
这组词都可以表示“做”,其区别是：cook只用于食品而不用于饮料; 其他几个词都可以用于饮料。make和get可以互换; 而prepare和fix则强调准备的过程。例如:She is cooking in the kitchen.她在厨房里做饭。Let me fix you a drink!我来为你倒杯饮料。He got〔made〕 himself a cup of coffee.他给自己冲了杯咖啡。You shouldn't have troubled yourself to prepare such a feast!你本不该准备这样丰盛的饭菜,这样太麻烦你了。
- get, achieve, acquire, attain, earn, gain, obtain, secure, win
这组词的共同意思是“取得; 获得”。其区别是：1.除secure是正式用词外,其余各词均为一般用词。2.achieve主要指取得成功、成就或实现预期目的; acquire主要指逐渐获得知识、能力、荣誉等; attain主要指达到重要目标或获得珍贵的东西; earn凭借功劳赚得或获得工资、报酬、荣誉、赞赏等; gain主要指获得或赢得有一定价值的东西; get指以各种方式获得各种所需或不需之物; obtain指获得所需之物或达到预期目的; secure指得到渴望或竞争性的东西; win指在竞争、比赛、争论或战斗中击败对手而赢得胜利或获得人们的爱戴〔好感〕等。3.achieve指克服困难之后而获得; acquire, attain, earn指通过努力而获得; gain指通过巨大努力而获得; obtain多指通过长期努力而获得,有时也指无须经过努力; 其他各词不强调通过努力与否; get可指通过各种方式获得; earn还指凭借功劳而赚得; win还指通过作出优异成绩而赢得。4.achieve强调结果; acquire强调量的增加; attain含有达到完美地步的意味; gain强调所获得之物能够造成的优势; obtain强调愿望得到满足; secure强调有把握或成功地获得。5.get是这组同义词中的最常用词,可指主动争取,也可指被动接受,有时不一定需要很大努力就能获得; acquire指持续,慢慢地获得,强调过程; 而earn, gain都强调经过艰苦努力而获得的这一结果, gain比obtain所付出的努力还要大些; win则指在竞赛中或战斗中赢得或获得胜利,可以通过努力获得,也可以偶然获得。例如:He did not get what he had earned他未获得他应得到的东西。The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.运用语言的能力,只能通过不断练习才能获得。She gained rich experience in teaching.她获得了丰富的教学经验。I've got your telegram.我已经收到了你的电报。We wished to obtain first-hand information.我们要能得到第一手情报就好了。Industry won him his success.勤奋使他获得了成功。6.acquire的宾语多为知识、技能等; earn的宾语多为金钱、荣誉等理应得到的东西; obtain的宾语多为期望已久的东西; gain的宾语多为经验、利益、优势、好处等; 而win的宾语则为比赛、战斗等; get的宾语则比较广泛,即既可以是具体的东西,也可以是抽象的事物。例如:He got what he had earned.他获得了他应得到的东西。You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.你要用功,以便精通英语。Our firm has gained a good reputation.我们公司赢得了好名声。Then I'll go and get you a chair.我去给你拿把椅子来。At last, he obtained his father's pardon.他终于得到了父亲的原谅。They won the basketball match.他们打赢了这场篮球赛。7.这组动词都可跟简单宾语。get, earn, gain, obtain, secure和win可跟双宾语; secure还可跟wh-从句; win还可跟含不定式的复合宾语。此外, gain和win有时还可用作不及物动词。acquire和attain常跟抽象名词。8.attain常用于庄重场合。win语气比gain强。
- get to sleep, sleep, go to bed
这三者在意思上有所区别：sleep意为“睡着,入睡”; get to sleep意为“设法睡着”; go to bed意为“上床,就寝”。例如:I have slept for seven hours.我睡了7个小时了。I couldn't get to sleep last night.昨天晚上我无法入睡。I usually go to bed at ten.我通常10点就寝。
- get, derive
这两个词的共同意思是“获得”“取得”。其区别在于:1.get常用于口语中,可接人、物,也可接抽象事物作宾语,可以主动占有,也可以是被动消极地领受。2.derive为正式用语,接乐趣、利益、知识等抽象名词作宾语,指主动的从某处获得、取得,常与from搭配使用。例如:His popularity derives from his easiness.他讨人喜欢是由于他为人随和。We can derive great pleasure from our studies.我们可以从读书研究中获得极大的乐趣。
- get, go
两者均可表示“到”,但用法上不同。其区别在于:1.get常表示动作的结束,即到达。例如:We had hardly got here when it began to rain.我们刚刚到这儿就下雨了。2.go表示整个动作过程。例如:I went to school yesterday.昨天我去学校了。3.表示艰难的到达时用get。例如:The soldiers got over two hundred miles a day.士兵们一天就走完了200英里的路程。
- get back, be back, come back, go back, return
这组词(组)都可表示“回去”。其区别是：return与其他词相比有些书卷气; come back的意思是“回归”“回来”,指回到说话人所在的地方; go back指回到出发点,是一种非正式说法,常用于口语中; get back是回到原来的出发点; be back意为“回来了”,表示状态,是日常应用最广的非正式说法。例如:Did Duff come back?—Yes, he came back.达夫回来了吗?是的,他回来了。Now let's go back to the beginning of the page.现在让我们回到这页的开头。When he got back, he found that supper was over.当他回来的时候,他发现晚餐已经结束了。I'll be back next Saturday.我将在下个星期六回来。
- The boy has gotten a new car.
- The boy has got a new car.
- He got his sister to keep him with his home- work.(BrE)
- He had his sister keep him with his home- work.(AmE)
- I'll soon get to know what you are planning.
- I'll soon began to know what you are plan- ning.
- acquire obtain gain get win earn secure
- become get grow turn go come
- bring carry take fetch get convey transport
- fetch:fetch指一往一返，相当于go and bring，去取了东西或带人再返回到出发处。
误 Write to me as soon as you get England.
正 Write to me as soon as you get to England.
误 We just got to here.
正 We just got here.
误 We should get down to solve the problems.
正 We should get down to the problems.
误 When I arrived in Beijing,I got down to learn the English language.
正 When I arrived in Beijing,I got down to learning the English language.
析 get down to表示“着手处理或对待”“静心去研究、工作等”,其中to是介词,不是动词不定式符号,所以不能跟动词原形,后须接名词或动名词。
误 We hope to get a few more orders next week.
正 We hope to receive a few more orders next week.
析 get是口语词,正式场合最好用receive, arrive等。
误 He can always rely on his wife to get him out from debt.
正 He can always rely on his wife to get him out of debt.
析 get...out of 表示“使…摆脱; 使…逃避; 使…改掉”,其中of不能用from代替。
误 We will be getting out of the train in ten minutes.
正 We will be getting off the train in ten minutes.
- 表示“上(下)公共汽车〔火车、飞机、大船〕等”,英文是get on (to)...和get off...。“上下小汽车,出租车或小船”,英文是get in (to)...和get out of...。两者不能混淆。
误 Have you prepared supper ready?
正 Have you got supper ready?
误 I must prepare everything ready before the party.
正 I must get everything ready before the party.
析 “把…准备好”不可说“prepare ... ready”,而应说“get ... ready”。
误 When I was awaked by a strange noise,I got down from bed in a hurry.
正 When I was awaked by a strange noise,I got out of bed in a hurry.
析 “起床”或“下床”在英语中表示为get up或get out of,而不说get down from。
误 Our factory will get in ten new workers.
正 Our factory will take in〔enroll〕 ten new workers.
析 工厂“招工”应为take in,相当于enroll; get in的意思是“收获; 进入; 请…来”等。
误 You may have got to finish the work before five.
正 You may have to finish the work before five.
析 在现代英语中have got虽与have同义,但是have got不可用在助动词或情态动词之后。
误 He told me that he had got through the term examinations.
正 He told me that he had got through with the term examinations.
析 get through an examination表示“考试及格”。get through with an examination表示“考完”。
误 Let's get him buy us vegetable.
正 Let's get him to buy us vegetable.
误 In this case, how can you expect to get everyone moved?
正 In this case, how can you expect to get everyone moving?
误 I'll like to get it to settle today while we are at it.
正 I'll like to get it settled today while we are at it.
误 He is honest and easy to get along.
正 He is honest and easy to get along with.
析 get along有“相处”的含义,但“与某人相处”,英文是get along with sb。在上句中,不定式短语“to get along”的逻辑宾语是“He”,因此介词with不能省略。
误 I've got the letter for two days.
正 I've got the letter two days ago.
正 It is two days since I got the letter.
误 This building got built in 1932.
正 This building was built in 1932.
误 The restaurant got built in 2000.
正 The restaurant was built in 2000.
误 If you go there alone after dark you might have got attacked or robbed.
误 If you go there alone after dark you might be attacked or robbed.
正 If you go there alone after dark you might get attacked or robbed.
析 get后加过去分词,意思与动词的被动式相似,强调某一事件的发生或动作的结果,通常只指意外的突然的行为。但不是所有的被动结构都能用get来替代be,如 be built, be written, be opened等都不能用get来代替。
误 She got married a man she met in Shanghai.
正 She got married to a man she met in Shanghai.
正 She married a man she met in Shanghai.
析 marry后面可以跟直接宾语,但get married加to后才接宾语。与get married类似的有 get engaged(订婚), get divorced(离婚)。
误 Could I get a glass of beer, please?
正 Could I have a glass of beer, please?
析 get后跟直接宾语,可以表示receive, obtain, fetch, take等意思。但在上面的句子中, get不能代替have,误句的意思是“我可以自己倒一杯啤酒喝吗?”
误 He got a splendid present to her.
正 He got her a splendid present.
正 He got a splendid present for her.
误 Leaves get brown in autumn.
正 Leaves go brown in autumn.
正 Leaves turn brown in autumn.
误 Her face slowly get red.
正 Her face slowly turned red.
错句：leaves are getting brown.
纠正：leaves are going brown.
- ☆ 1200年左右进入英语，直接源自古北欧语的geat，意为获取，达到；最初源自原始日耳曼语的geatn，意为生产，获得。
- achieve acquire affect annoy arouse arrange arrest arrive attain baffle become bother bring capture catch coax collar come fetch fix gain take upset wax win