own

  基本词汇  
[əʊn]     [oʊn]    
  • adj.自己的;特有的
  • n.自己的东西
  • v.承认;拥有
owner owned owned owning owns
new

own是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

adj.(形容词)
  1. 自己的,个人的,本人的,自己做的,为自己的
  2. 特有的
  3. 嫡亲的,至亲的
  4. 同胞的
  5. 珍贵的,心爱的
  6. 亲自
  7. 生身
  8. 独自,单独,独立
v.(动词)
  1. 承认,自白,自认,坦白
  2. 持有,占有,拥有,具有,有
  3. 顺受,服从
  4. 喧宾夺主
  5. 承担责任,认错
  6. 认识
pron.(代词)
  1. 自己的东西或所有物
  2. 心爱的人

双解释义

pron.(代词)
  1. 属于自己的 belong to oneself, itself, ourselves, etc.
  2. 自己做的,为自己的 done or produced by and for oneself
v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 拥有 possess
  2. vt. & vi. 承认 admit

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
own : 自 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
own : 自 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
own : 自 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Adjective:
  1. belonging to or on behalf of a specified person (especially yourself); preceded by a possessive;

    "for your own use"
    "do your own thing"
    "she makes her own clothes"
    "`ain' is Scottish"

Verb:
  1. have ownership or possession of;

    "He owns three houses in Florida"
    "How many cars does she have?"

own的用法和样例:

例句

用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. But I can't hold on to my own principles, either.
    但是,我也没有能够坚持自己的主张。
  2. The writer has his own brand of humour.
    这位作家有他独特的幽默感。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. Children need toys of their own.
    儿童需要有自己的玩具。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. He owns he was wrong.
    他承认他错了。
  2. He would not own to knowing those persons.
    他不愿承认认识那些人。
  3. Do you own the house or are you a tenant?
    你是拥有这幢房子还是租住的?
  4. Someday, I will own a shop like this.
    有一天,我自己将会拥有一间像这样的店。

常见句型

用作代词 (pron.)
  1. Many people now hold own car.
    现在很多人都有私车了。
  2. Bananas have their own characteristic smell.
    香蕉有其特有的香味。
  3. My time isn't my own.
    我的时间不属于我自己。
  4. She makes all her own clothes.
    她的衣服都是自己做的。
  5. She was younger than my own two daughters.
    她比我自己的两个女儿年轻。
  6. It was my mother's very own engagement ring.
    这正是我母亲自己的订婚戒指。
用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. A large proportion of the peasant households round here own TV sets.
    这一带相当大一部分农民家庭拥有电视机。
  2. Julie's father owned a business that dealt in bulk orders.
    朱莉的父亲拥有自己的生意,专门从事大宗订货。
  3. Who owns this house?
    这房子归谁所有?
  4. There one percent of the people own more than fifty percent of the wealth.
    在那里,百分之一的人却拥有百分之五十以上的财富。
  5. A young woman came in to own the necklace.
    一位年轻妇女进来认领那条项链。
  6. The man refused to own the child.
    那人拒绝承认自己是小孩的父亲。
  7. 用于be ~ed结构
  8. The houses are owned collectively by the company.
    这些房子属公司集体所有。
  9. That firm is owned and run by Mr. Alton.
    那家公司是奥尔顿先生拥有并经营的。
S+~+that-clause
  1. I owned that I might have made a mistake.
    我承认可能是自己错了。
  2. I own that I did not attend school that day.
    我承认那天我没去上学。
  3. She was ashamed to own that she hadn't done her duty.
    她羞愧地承认她没有尽到自己的责任。

常用短语

用作代词 (pron.)
come into one's own
  1. 获得自主〔承认〕receive the credit, recognition, etc. one deserves

    Mother has come into her own since the children left home, and she is making a new life for herself. 孩子们离家后,母亲没有了牵挂,她正在创造一种新的生活。

    The scientific study of dreams has not yet come into its own. 对梦的科学研究尚未获得承认。

hold one's own
  1. 可以和别人做得一样好do as well as anyone else

    She was unable to hold her own, and she had to quit. 她总赶不上别人,所以只好辞职了。

  2. 没有失败〔恶化〕keep one's (strong) position

    The team held its own after the first quarter. 球队在第一局之后保持不败。

    He had a hard time after the operation, but soon he was holding his own. 他在手术后有一段艰苦的时期,但很快就好了。

of one's own
  1. 自己的belonging to oneself and no one else

    These college professors had opinions of their own. 这些大学教授们有自己的见解。

on one's own
  1. 靠自己的力量,独自地without help; alone

    He studied these subjects on his own. 这些课程他是自学的。

    I had to go to the cinema on my own because all the other boys were busy. 其他同学都很忙,我只好独自去看电影了。

用作动词 (v.)
own to (v.+prep.)
  1. 承认(某事); 承认有(某种心情等) admit; admit to bear an certain feeling own to sth

    I must own to a feeling of anxiety.我承认我忧心忡忡。

    Has he owned to the theft?他有没有承认这桩盗窃案是他干的?

    own to v-ing

    I must own to feeling anxious.我承认我感到了忧伤。

    He owned to being uncertain about that.他承认对那件事情没有把握。

    He owned to being wrong.他承认错了。

    The boy owned to having told a lie.那男孩承认曾撒过一次谎。

    The boy owned to having broken the glass.那男孩承认打破了玻璃杯。

    She owned to having had doubts at first.她承认开始有疑虑。

own up (v.+adv.)
  1. 完完全全地坦白供认 confess fully and frankly own up

    I advise you to own up at once.我劝你立即坦白。

    Come on, own up.快,坦白交代吧。

    own up to sth

    He owned up to the crime.他对犯罪供认不讳。

    You'd better own up to your faults.你还是承认自己的过失为好。

    So far no one has owned up to the theft of the clock.到目前为止还没有人承认钟是他偷的。

    own up to v-ing

    If no one will own up to misbehaving, all pupils will be kept in after school.假如谁都不出来供认这一不良行为,放学后所有的学生都得留下。

    He owned up to being the writer of the anonymous letter.他承认自己是写那封匿名信的人。

    Tony finally owned up to having taken his brother's ball.托尼最后承认他拿了哥哥的皮球。

    The man owned up to having taken my watch.那人承认偷了我的表。

    own up that-clause

    You'd better own up that you were responsible for the traffic accident.你最好承认对那起交通事故负有责任。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Each should..have an own name.

    出自:W. D. Whitney
  • The cottage..had been built..by the occupier's own hands.

    出自:T. Hardy
  • Each social class has its own sort of suffering.

    出自:E. Templeton
  • She wants her own Christmas tree ornaments..not her mother's.

    出自:J. D. Salinger
  • We picked her up..in a borrowed car, as we didn't own one.

    出自:N. Sedaka
  • He owned no property and lived by his labour.

    出自:A. Sillitoe

own的详细讲解:

词语用法

pron.(代词)
  1. own用作代词时是限定代词,用在所有格之后,强调某事物的个人所有或私人性质,可译作“属于自己的”。
  2. own也可用来表示个人活动的概念,可译作“自己做的,为自己的”。
  3. own如与数词连用,数词应放在own之后; own可用very修饰。
v.(动词)
  1. own用作及物动词时,意为“拥有,占有”,含有法律上具有所有权的意味,其主语一般为人,其后多用表示房屋、土地、船舶等有形物的名词作宾语。own还可表示某人承认某事如错误、耻辱感、感到焦虑、说谎等。
  2. own可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,其后接名词、代词作宾语; 还可接以“(to be+) adj. ”或“as+ n. ”充当补足语的复合宾语。用作不及物动词时,常与介词to连用,表示“承认”, to后接名词或动名词(一般式或完成式),也可接that从句,这时to常可省略。
  3. own后还可接反身代词表示“承认”。
  4. own是表示所属关系的动词,一般不用于进行体,也不可用于被动结构。
  5. own up的意思是“坦白,爽爽快快地承认”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
own to, own up
这两个短语都表示“坦白地承认”的意思。其区别是:
1.含义上, own to侧重承认的内容,而own up侧重承认时的“爽快劲儿”。例如:
You'd better own up.你还是坦白为好。
He owns to the theft.他承认偷了东西。
2.用法上, own to中的to是介词,接名词或动名词; own up中的up是副词,表示承认的内容时还须加“to+ n./v -ing”。
own, acknowledge, admit, confess
这四个词都有“公开承认”的意思。其区别是:
1.acknowledge和admit所承认的是不对的或不光彩的事实; confess指承认“错误及罪行”; own承认的不一定是“错误及罪行”,只是一般地表明自己的感觉及处境。例如:
He acknowledged that he was your inferior.他承认他不及你。
Did he admit to stealing it?他承认是他偷的吗?
He confessed where he had hidden the money.他供出了他藏钱的地方。
2.acknowledge强调在一定压力下承认, admit强调勉强承认。例如:
Dan acknowledged himself as criminal.达恩承认自己是罪人。
I admit to a natural fear.我承认生来胆小。
3.acknowledge所承认的一般是隐蔽的, admit, confess和own所承认的不一定是隐蔽的。例如:
Jane acknowledged using her father's motor-car.珍妮承认用了她父亲的摩托车。
They admitted my statement to be reasonable.他们承认我的陈述有道理。
The police have confessed themselves completely puzzled by this strange crime.警方承认他们完全被这桩奇特的罪案搞糊涂了。
4.confess语气上较强,属正式语体; own则不如confess正式。
5.这四个词用作及物动词时,都可接简单宾语或复合宾语,除own外,其他词均可接动名词。admit, confess和own用作不及物动词都可与介词to搭配,其后均可接动名词。例如:
They acknowledged having been defeated.他们认输了。
He confessed taking part in a plot to free the prisoner.他供认自己参与了企图营救那个囚犯的密谋。
She admitted having done wrong.她承认自己做错了。
own, have, have got, hold, occupy
这组词(组)的共同意思是“有”“拥有”“具有”。其区别是:
1.have既可指有生命物及无生命物之间的所属关系,也可指部分与整体的关系,或指精神上、身体上的特点; have got与have意义相同,但在口语中比have用得广泛; own则指具有在法律上的所有权,即使不在身边的东西,只要拥有法律上的所有权,就应用own; hold语气较强,有占据、控制、抓住〔保持〕住某物的意思; 而occupy则指占有空间、时间或占领、占据某地,或拥有某种职务或地位等。例如:
I didn't have the books that she asked for.我没有她所要的书。
Your books have got all over the place.你的书到处都是。
They don't hold the power to hire or fire at will.他们没有雇用或随意解雇的权力。
Enemy troops occupied the country.敌军占领了这个国家。
2.have是普通用语,在这几个词中概念最广,运用最广泛。own的主语只能是人。例如:
These enterprises are owned by him.这些企业是属于他的。
own, possess
这两个词都有“有”的意思。其区别是:
1.own强调具有合法权利占有、继承某物作为财产的意思,所占有的物必须有相当的价值; possess则不管采用何种方法得到。例如:
The police asked me if I possessed a gun.警察问我是否有一支枪。
His family owned neither land nor house.他家既无房子又无土地。
2.possess只用于好的事物,而own则好坏均可。
own, belong
这两个词都有“属于,拥有”的意思。其区别在于:
1.belong指物属于谁; 而own指人拥有物。
2.belong是不及物动词,常与介词一起构成及物的短语动词; 而own是及物动词,可直接接宾语。
3.belong只有主动语态; 而own则可以用于被动语态。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 他已经承认失败。

    He owned to be defeated.

    He owned to being defeated.

    He owns to having been defeated.

    own很少接to- v ,但own可接to v -ing ,含义是“承认已…”。

  2. 他拥有这幢房子及其周围的土地。

    He owns to this house and the land surrounding it.

    He owns this house and the land surrounding it.

    own作“拥有”解时是及物动词,不必再加to或其他介词。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语ga的en,意为一个人自己的;最初源自原始日耳曼语的aigana-,意为疯狂的,自身拥有的。

own的相关资料:

正版词典

own : 自己的,亲 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】
【反义词】

缩略词

own的相关缩略词,共有6

互动百科

  • own:own adj. 自己的, 特有的, (不用所有格)嫡亲的, 同胞的vt. 拥有, 自认, 承认vi. 承认 英英解释:动词own:1. have ownership or possession of…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词