- v. 保持；保留；继续；贮藏；经营；遵守；供给；照管；饲养；耽搁；保持食物不变质；健康状况如何；保守（秘密@）；记录；遵守；保护
- n. 生计；保存；城堡主楼；监狱；围墙
- vt. & vi. (使)保持; (使)继续 (cause to) stay, remain or continue
- vi. (食品)保持新鲜 (of food) remain fresh and fit to eat
- vt. 阻止,防止,耽搁 hold back; delay; prevent
- vt. 履行,遵守 fulfil
- vt. & vi. 保有,保存,保留 have without the need of returning
- vt. 供养,饲养 take care of and provide with food, money, etc.
- vt. 经营,管理,料理 own and have use of
- vt. 守卫,看守 guard; protect
the financial means whereby one lives;
"each child was expected to pay for their keep"
"he applied to the state for support"
"he could no longer earn his own livelihood"
the main tower within the walls of a medieval castle or fortress
a cell in a jail or prison
keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g.,
"hold in place"
"She always held herself as a lady"
"The students keep me on my toes"
continue a certain state, condition, or activity;
"Keep on working!"
"We continued to work into the night"
"We went on working until well past midnight"
retain possession of;
"Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"
"She kept her maiden name after she married"
stop (someone or something) from doing something or being in a certain state;
"We must prevent the cancer from spreading"
"His snoring kept me from falling asleep"
"Keep the child from eating the marbles"
conform one's action or practice to;
"she never keeps her promises"
"We kept to the original conditions of the contract"
stick to correctly or closely;
"The pianist kept time with the metronome"
"I cannot keep track of all my employees"
look after; be the keeper of; have charge of;
"He keeps the shop when I am gone"
maintain by writing regular records;
"keep a diary"
"maintain a record"
supply with room and board;
"He is keeping three women in the guest cottage"
allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature;
"We cannot continue several servants any longer"
"She retains a lawyer"
"The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff"
"Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on"
"We kept the work going as long as we could"
"She retained her composure"
"this garment retains its shape even after many washings"
supply with necessities and support;
"She alone sustained her family"
"The money will sustain our good cause"
"There's little to earn and many to keep"
fail to spoil or rot;
"These potatoes keep for a long time"
behave as expected during of holidays or rites;
"Keep the commandments"
"Observe Yom Kippur"
keep under control; keep in check;
"suppress a smile"
"Keep your temper"
"keep your cool"
maintain in safety from injury, harm, or danger;
"May God keep you"
"She keeps a few chickens in the yard"
"he keeps bees"
retain rights to;
"keep my job for me while I give birth"
"keep my seat, please"
"keep open the possibility of a merger"
store or keep customarily;
"Where do you keep your gardening tools?"
have as a supply;
"I always keep batteries in the freezer"
"keep food for a week in the pantry"
"She keeps a sixpack and a week's worth of supplies in the refrigerator"
maintain for use and service;
"I keep a car in the countryside"
"She keeps an apartment in Paris for her shopping trips"
hold and prevent from leaving;
"The student was kept after school"
prevent (food) from rotting;
"keep potatoes fresh"
- He would keep in touch with us wherever he was.
- Here's a five-pound note-- you can keep the change.
- Progress is slow but we keep battling on.
- Where do you keep the detergent?
- It is easy to open a shop but hard to keep it.
- Once you make a promise, you should keep it.
- She keeps the family on two hundred dollars a week.
- I have been keeping tropical fish for twenty years.
- I'll only keep you a few minutes.
- Finish off the pie-it won't keep.
- We're all keeping well.
- She kept her past secret from us all.
- She kept a diary for over twenty years.
- Once you make a promise, you should keep it.
- She wears a hat to keep the sun out of her eyes.
- Paul earns his keep by helping his elderly landlord.
- The furniture was in good keep.
- The fish won't keep; we must eat it now.
- You'd better finish the ice cream; it won't keep.
- Will this food keep?
- In such weather meat won't keep long.
- That news will keep.
- I was so sleepy that I could hardly keep awake .
- My mother still keeps young.
- Why do you keep silent?
- You must keep calm in an emergency.
- We must always keep cheerful in hard time.
- In those days they could hardly keep alive.
- The weather is keeping dry.
- The baby kept crying.
- She kept studying.
- Please keep sitting where you are.
- Why do you keep looking at me like this?
- My shoe lace keeps coming undone.
- The machine kept running.
- I don't know what's wrong with me today; I keep breaking things.
- It kept raining for a week.
- The water in the river keeps rising.
- You must keep inside the house during the cold weather.
- They did their best to keep on their guard.
- We're keeping in very good health.
- I think we shall keep friends.
- The policemen keep order in the streets.
- We must keep in touch with each other.
- I'll only keep you for a few minutes.
- Well, in this case, I won't keep you.
- Why didn't Daddy let me keep the ten dollars?
- He always kept the keys in his pocket.
- She would not be able to keep the job.
- Keep the change.
- We will always keep our promise not to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries.
- He needs more money to keep his wife and children.
- They kept a big dog to guard the house.
- They keep a shop.
- That shop keeps everything you will need.
- She will keep her birthday in a special way.
- The people in this district keep the Sabbath.
- Most people keep Christmas at home.
- Who keeps accounts?
- She often keeps a diary.
- Keep a record of the books that are borrowed from the library.
- His promise was faithfully kept.
- Will you keep us the seats?
- The library will keep the book for you till the weekend.
- Please keep this for me until I come back.
- They kept him a prisoner.
- That kept him a student.
- You may keep it as a souvenir if you like.
- Excitement kept him awake.
- Try your best to keep the children quiet.
- The experiment kept us busy for three months.
- Good food keeps you healthy.
- To keep the room warm, they closed all the windows.
- They kept the grass short.
- She keeps oil clean.
- Keep the door open.
- Her house is always kept tidy.
- These goods must be kept cool and dry.
- What keeps you here so late?
- They kept her working all day.
- Keep the fire burning, will you?
- The police keep the traffic moving.
- I'm sorry you've been kept waiting.
- She keeps the food locked up.
- Hereafter， I want you to keep me informed of how things are going with you.
- His friend kept him pinned to the floor until he took back the insult.
- He kept his fist clenched in his pocket.
- keep about〔around〕1( v.+adv. )
使手边常有 have sth always present
She is very ill, but she still keeps about.
她虽然病得很重,但仍然继续工作。keep sth ⇔ about〔around〕
I like to keep a few envelopes around in case I need them.
- keep about〔around〕2 ( v.+prep. )
雇用; 拥有 have sb/sth always present in
keep sb/sth about〔around〕 sb/sth
Many people nowadays keep servants about the house.
People who live in the country often keep two or three dogs around the place for their own protection.
- keep abreast of( v.+adv.+prep. )
跟上; 保持与…并列位置 not fall behind the development, etc.; maintain one's position in a competitive situation
keep abreast of sb/sth
You'll have to run fast to keep abreast of our best runner and prevent him from winning.
We must keep abreast of the times.
We must keep abreast of the latest development in this field.
So much is happening in the world of science that it is difficult to keep abreast of all the latest developments.
We must at all times keep abreast of changing conditions.
Read newspapers to keep abreast of what is going on.
阅读报纸,熟悉时事。keep sb abreast of sth
Reading the People's Daily keeps us abreast of current events.
- keep after( v.+prep. )
〈非正〉责备; 挑剔; 反复地要求 scold; find fault with; repeatedly ask
keep after sb/sth
The police kept after the criminal until they seized him.
We kept after the stolen car for twenty minutes.
我们追赶那辆被盗的汽车长达20分钟。keep after sb
She keeps after the children the whole time, never lets them have a minute's peace.
You'll have to keep after them if you want the work done. They're so lazy!
If you want to get any essays out of those lazybones, they have to be kept after.
你如果想让那些懒家伙写点什么文章,就非得盯住他们不可。keep after sb to-v
His mother has to keep after him to finish his homework.
My wife kept after me to buy a new car.
Her mother had to keep after her to clean her bedroom.
- keep aloof( v.+adv. )
站得远远地; 不参与 keep away from; take no part in
Buyers are keeping aloof.
Artists can never keep aloof from the reality.
艺术家千万不可脱离现实生活。keep sb/oneself aloof from sb/sth
Kehr does not enjoy parties, and usually keeps herself aloof from the other guests, not joining in conversation.
- keep apart( v.+adv. )
(使)分开 (cause to) remain apart
keep sb/sth apart
You'd better keep the two aggressive boys apart.
你最好是把那两个好斗的男孩分开。keep apart from sb/sth
He's a strange boy. He keeps apart from all the activities in the school.
这个男孩有点儿古怪,学校的任何活动他都不参与。keep sb/sth apart from sb/sth
I like to keep my work apart from my family.
- keep at( v.+prep. )
耽搁; 延误 delay sb at a place
keep at sth
Einstein kept at his studies and research, and finally he became a world famous scientist.
He keeps at his studies, although he is ill.
Ignoring fatigue, they kept at the job and finished it three weeks earlier than planned.
The work is tiring but he'll keep at it until he's finished.
The only way to get a scientific experiment succeeded is to keep at it again and again.
使一种科学实验搞成功的唯一途径就是坚持不懈。keep at sb
Keep at him till he agrees.
盯住他,直到他同意为止。keep at sb to-v
The children kept at their mother to take them to the movies, and she had to agree in the end.
孩子们逼着妈妈带他们去看电影,最后,她只好答应。keep sb/sth at sth
The experienced teacher is used to keeping his students at hard work.
有经验的老师习惯于督促学生用功学习。keep sth at hand
When he writes, he always keeps a dictionary at hand.
他写作时手边总备有一本词典。keep sb at sth
I'm sorry,I'm late.I was kept at the office.
- keep away( v.+adv. )
(使)缺席 (cause to) be absent
Danger!Thin ice.Keep away.
Keep away, or I'll call the police!
The police warned the people to keep away .
Don't keep away during the roll call.
点名时不要走开。keep sb/sth ⇔ away
Would you keep that dog away, please?
Provide the bare necessities of life, especially food; keep away hunger.
供给最必需的生活品,特别是食物,以免挨饿。keep sb ⇔ away
We missed you at the party—what kept you away?
What kept you away yesterday?
An apple a day keeps the doctor away.
- keep away from( v.+adv.+prep. )
keep away from sb/sth
Keep away from the furnace.
不要靠近炉子。keep sb/sth away from sb/sth
Keep the children away from the machine.
The fence is intended to keep vehicles away from the lake shore.
Children should be kept away from the river.
不要让孩子们靠近这条河。keep away from sb/sth
Keep away from bad companions.
If you don't keep away from the dog, you may be bitten.
Keep away from me. I've got a bad cold.
He keeps away from liquor and tobacco.
You're getting too fat; you should keep away from greasy food.
Einstein was a shy man and kept away from the celebrations.
They can't keep away from their regular work for long.
他们不能长期离开自己的本职工作。keep sb/sth away from sb/sth
My mother kept me away from school yesterday.
- keep back( v.+adv. )
扣留; 保留 withhold; reserve
They all ran forward, but I kept back.
他们都向前跑,而我却留在后面。keep back from sth
I asked the spectators to keep back from the sideline.
我要求观众们不要走近边线。keep sb/sth ⇔ back
You have a good chance to win, so why not try—what's keeping you back?
I hope I am not keeping you back.
The angry crowds would not keep back the barrier.
You show promise as a musician but your lack of practice is keeping you back.
A slow learner can keep back the whole class.
I can't keep the meal back for more than half an hour to wait for our guest.
Dykes keep back the flood water.
Brooks was able to keep back his anger and avoid a fight.
布鲁克斯终于控制了自己的愤怒,从而避免了一场争斗。keep sb/sth ⇔ back from sth/v-ing
The fighter accepted money to keep himself back from winning the fight.
这位职业拳击手拿了钱,因而阻碍了他在这场拳击赛中的获胜。keep sth ⇔ back
The prisoner was keeping back vital information.
该囚犯不肯吐露重要情况。keep sth ⇔ back from sb
You are keeping something back from us; what is it?
We must hear the whole story, don't keep anything back from us.
We decided to keep the rest of the bad news back from her until she was feeling stronger.
The doctor thought the girl's illness should be kept back from her because it was cancer.
医生认为不能把病情告诉这孩子,因为她得了癌症。keep sth ⇔ back
I kept a few books back and gave him the rest.
The owner of the boat kept back half their deposit to pay for the damage they had done.
船主扣下了他们的一半押金,以赔偿他们造成的损失。keep sth ⇔ back for sb/sth
I shall be late arriving so would you mind keeping back some food for me?
The stockholders agreed to let their company keep back a part of its profits for reserve funds.
股东们同意让公司扣留一部分利润作为公积金。keep sb/sth ⇔ back from sth
They kept back five dollars from her wages for income tax.
- keep behind1( v.+adv. )
使在智力上落后 cause to fall behind mentally
- keep behind2 ( v.+prep. )
把…放在…后面 have sth placed or present at the back of sth
keep behind sb/sth
Keep behind the leading runner until the last few yards, then pass him.
紧跟着领先的那位选手,等到最后几码时超过去。keep sth behind sth
I keep urgent letters behind the clock so that I will be reminded to reply.
- keep by1( v.+adv. )
使保持在手边 have sth at hand
keep sth by
I always keep a new tin of coffee by in case we suddenly need some more.
- keep by2( v.+prep. )
靠近 remain close to
keep sth by sb/sth
I find it helpful to keep several dictionaries by me so as to compare their wording.
I always keep a drink of water by my bedside in case I am thirsty in the middle of the night.
我总在床边放些水,以备半夜口渴时喝。keep by sb/sth
Keep by me.It's so dark here.
Keep by this ditch and you'll get there in no time.
- keep down( v.+adv. )
保留在胃里 retain or hold food or drink in the stomach
He kept down in the wheat fields and escaped the enemy patrol's notice.
他蹲在麦田里,躲过了敌人巡逻队的注意。keep sb/sth ⇔ down
Keep your arms down by your sides.
I hope the wind keeps down, or the sea will be too rough for sailing.
希望风小些,否则,海面浪涛汹涌,无法航行。keep sb/sth ⇔ down
You can't keep a good man down.
The army tried to keep down the Indians by force.
We must keep down the cost of production.
We tried all means to keep expenses down, but we have been spending more and more.
Keep your voices down; your mother's trying to get some sleep.
Try to keep down your anger.It has no good to your health.
She thinks that women have been kept down by men for long enough.
她认为妇女受男人压制的时间已经够长了。keep sth ⇔ down
They have found out a new way to keep down weeds in paddy fields.
Singapore has been very successful in keeping down the number of its mosquitoes.
Chemicals are used to keep the insects down.
化学药品用于阻止昆虫滋生。keep sb ⇔ down
Haas was afraid that if he failed his examinations again, he would be kept down next year.
哈斯担心,他如果再考不及格,下一年就得留级了。keep sth ⇔ down
The sick man can't keep anything down.
She can't keep these powders down at all.
- keep for( v.+prep. )
(使)保留到…再用 (cause to) last or remain unused until a time
keep for sth
Will your story keep for another time?
你把故事留到下次再讲行吗?keep sth for sth
Let's keep the new play for the opening of the theatre.
We'll keep these for another day.
- keep from( v.+prep. )
忍住,戒 refrain; abstain from
keep sth from sb
Can you keep a secret from your wife?
She can keep nothing from her friends.
Be sure to keep these facts from those who are concerned.
务必不要把这些情况透露给有关人员。keep sb/sth from sth/v-ing
I don't want to keep you from your work.
Some paint will keep the wood from damage by water.
Only pride kept her from bursting into tears.
Please keep the children from swimming in the sea. There are some dangerous currents just off the shore.
The government is considering further action to keep the pound from falling in value.
What shall I do to keep this from getting dirty?
我该怎么办才能使它免遭污染?keep from sb/sth/v-ing
I hope you will keep from doing anything rash.
He couldn't keep from laughing.
“I don't worry,”he said,“but I can't keep from thinking.”
He couldn't keep from thinking that they had changed their minds.
You'd better keep from bad company.
If he can keep from smoking for a month or two his health will improve.
While you're covering from influenza you should try to keep from getting wet or going back to work too soon.
- keep going( v.+adj. )
(使)继续下去 (cause to) continue
It was exhausting work, but they managed to keep going.
This illness makes me feel so tired that some days I don't know how to keep going.
这病使我疲惫不堪,有时，我真不知如何坚持下去。keep sb/sth going
We need a new contract to keep the firm going for the rest of the year.
It was the joint effort of many doctors that kept him going for so long.
- keep in1( v.+adv. )
保留… cause sth such as words or actions to remain as part of writing, etc.
Seeing such fine weather, the boys could scarcely keep in.
You'd better keep in until it blows over.
你们最好等风过后再出去。keep sb in
The doctor kept him in for a week.
医生要他呆在家里休息一星期。keep sb in
The teacher kept the student in because he was naughty.
The boy was kept in until six o'clock.
这小孩被留在学校一直到6点。keep sth ⇔ in
You should keep in your bad temper.
It was impossible for the children to keep in their laughter any longer.
I was very angry but was able to keep it in and spoke to him pleasantly.
The fire will keep in if you add coal into it from time to time.
The stove will keep in all night if you put enough coal on in the evening.
要是你在晚上加足煤,炉子便通宵不会熄灭。keep sth in
You needn't keep the fire in while you are out.
人不在时你不必一直生着火。keep sth ⇔ in
Stand straight and keep your stomach muscles in.
请站直,收腹。keep sth ⇔ in
I always keep some good wine in for unexpected guests.
我总保存些好酒用来招待不速之客。keep sth ⇔ in
But that's the best joke in the play; let's keep it in.
- keep in2( v.+prep. )
抚养; 维持 support sb in a certain style
- keep in with( v.+adv.+prep. )
与(某人)保持友好关系; 讨好(某人) be on good terms with (sb)
keep in with sb
I'm trying to keep in with them.
It will pay you to keep in with the director, as his influence could get you a better position in the firm.
The shopkeeper managed to keep in with his customers.
We'll have to keep in with her in case we can't ever pay the rent.
You should keep in with him as he is very influential.
- keep indoors( v.+adv. )
(使)留在户内、室内 (cause to) remain inside the house
Mother was advised to keep indoors for a week after her cough seemed better.
医生嘱咐母亲咳嗽见好之后在家里呆一星期,不要外出。keep sb/sth indoors
They kept the child indoors.
We keep the dog indoors on cold nights.
We were kept indoors all week by bad weather.
- keep of( v.+prep. )
使…处于某种状态 cause to remain a state of
keep sth of sb/sth
The teacher could not keep control of the class any longer.
The director kept control of most of the shares, but another man was appointed to run the business.
We need a better system for keeping count of people who attend our concerts.
Keep hold of the rope, and we'll pull you up.
In a fierce argument, it is often difficult to keep hold of one's main point.
I like to keep sight of the children while they are playing.
Always keep sight of your main purpose in life.
How do you keep track of such a large family?
The library has a new system for keeping track of its books.
- keep off1( v.+adv. )
(雨、雪等)没有下 not arrive, fall or occur, especially of rain, snow, etc.
They asked the spectators to keep off.
他们要观众站开些。keep sb/sth ⇔ off
Keep the children off.It's dangerous here!
Cage tends to keep off people who try to be friendly too suddenly.
He burnt a mosquito coil to keep off the mosquitoes.
Keep your hands off!
Draw the curtain to keep the sun off.
We must keep the enemy's attack off until dark.
The fishing boats will put out to sea if the storm keeps off tomorrow morning.
Will the rain keep off until after the game?
- keep off2( v.+prep. )
禁食 not take sth for health
keep off sth
He told the boys playing football to keep off the grass.
他告诉那些踢足球的孩子们不要践踏草坪。keep sb/sth off sb/sth
Mother will keep Cabe off school until her stomach trouble is better.
I tried to keep the flies off this dish.
The crowd could not keep their eyes off the beautiful young singer.
He learned the hard way to keep his hands off other men's wives.
他尝到了苦头,才不再去染指别人的老婆。keep off sth
By mutual consent, the negotiators kept off political differences, and concentrated on the military issue.
He embarrassed the government by refusing to keep off the problem of unemployment.
I suggest that you keep off religion while the priest is here.
我建议，那牧师在场时你不要谈论宗教问题。keep off sth
The doctor has advised him to keep off fattening food.
The doctor ordered the patient to keep off all solid food for at least twenty-four hours.
The doctor has told me to keep off cigarettes and alcohol.
- keep on1( v.+adv. )
反复提及,抱怨 mention or complain about sth repeatedly, especially in an irritating way
The climbers kept on in the hope of reaching the top with one last effort.
We kept on in spite of every difficulty.
尽管有种种困难,我们仍坚持下去。keep on v-ing
Why do you keep on smiling?
He kept on smoking after the doctor told him to stop.
She kept on talking long after we had stopped listening.
I kept on making the same mistakes and the teacher was annoyed.
He kept on playing the violin.
He kept on phoning me, and I really don't want to talk to him.
Don't keep on asking such questions!
不要老是问这类问题。keep on with sth
Let us keep on with our work.
Are the tourists going to keep on with their trip?
游客们是否打算继续旅游?keep sth ⇔ on
It's rather cold here.You'd better keep your overcoat on.
All right, keep your hair on!Nobody's blaming you!
得了,别发火,谁也没责怪你。keep sb/sth ⇔ on
Are you going to keep the flat on if your company sends you abroad?
Were you able to keep both the gardeners on?
你还能继续雇用这两名花匠吗?keep on about/at sb/sth
The old lady kept on about her illness.
She kept on at her boss to treat her a trip.
She keeps on at the children all day about one thing or another.
- keep on2( v.+prep. )
(使)继续服药或接受训练 (cause to) continue taking medicine or following a course
keep on sth
How do you keep on a horse?
No matter what happens to everyone else,Mr. Smith will keep on top.
不管其他人发生什么情况,史密斯先生将稳坐江山。keep sth on sth
She kept her hat on her head with a long pin.
It's hard to keep your mind on your work with all this noise going on.
This new contract should keep the business on its feet for another six months, but after that the future is uncertain.
We may have to keep the contract on ice until we have the supplies to fulfil it.
我们可能得先把合同放在一边,等有了履行合同所需的货物之后再说。keep on sth
If we keep on our way for another hour we should reach the village.
It's hard for a former prisoner to keep on the rails.
让蹲过监狱的人遵纪守法不是易事。keep sb/sth on sth
The captain was able to keep the ship on her course in spite of the storm.
尽管有风暴,船长仍使船沿航道继续航行。keep on sth
Will you keep on the course of exercises until you are thinner?
你要继续这项训练,直到身体瘦下来为止吗?keep sb on sth
The doctor wants to keep Mother on the medicine for another month.
- keep out( v.+adv. )
扣留; 保留,留出 withhold; reserve; save
危险!切勿入内!keep sb/sth ⇔ out
This notice should keep unwanted visitors out.
Walls and drains have been built to keep out sand and water.
We must try some way to keep out the dust.
The poor worker's thin jacket couldn't keep out the cold.
Warm clothing helps to keep out the cold.
The trees keep out the wind.
这些树可以挡风。keep sth out
The best cuts of the meat were kept out for the sick and wounded.
- keep out of( v.+adv.+prep. )
(使…)置身于…之外 (cause to) stay away from usually sth bad
keep out of sth
The children have been warned to keep out of the fields while the crops are growing.
Keep out of my way, can't you?I need room to get past!
别挡我的路,行不行? 给我让个地方过去!keep sb/sth out of sth
The cook keeps everybody out of kitchen while he is working.
Keep that dog out of my study.
不要让那条狗进入我的书房。keep out of sth
You should keep out of our quarrel.
Keep out of what doesn't concern you.
Tell the children to keep out of mischief.
“This is our family's affair,” he said. “You keep out of it.”
他说:“这是我们的家事,你不要插手。”keep sb/sth out of sth
I hope you'll keep him out of trouble while I'm away.
The children don't do much at their youth club, but at least it keeps them out of harm's way.
Keep your nose out of my affairs!
- keep till〔until〕( v.+prep. )
把…留到,保留到; 保持到(某时)不坏; 等到 save sth to a point in time; remain in good condition until a point in time; wait until a time
keep till〔until〕 sth
The milk won't keep till tomorrow; we'd better drink it now.
Writing that letter will have to keep until tomorrow.
Can't your story keep until another time?
不能再找个时间讲你的故事吗?keep sth till〔until〕 sth
The teacher kept the whole class till four o'clock.
The library will let you keep the book till next week.
Keep this ring until my return.
- keep to( v.+prep. )
将…的数量限制在 limit sb/sth to a certain number or quantity
keep to sth
I kept to my tent.
She was obliged to keep to her bed because of a fever.
When Gaer is in a bad temper, she keeps to her room all day.
盖尔情绪不好时,整天把自己关在屋子里。keep to sth
If you keep to the main road you won't get lost.
假如你沿着主干道走,就不会迷路。keep to sth
In discussing this problem we ought to keep to the point at issue.
I must keep to what I've seen with my own eyes.
我只谈一下我自己亲眼所见的事。keep sb to sth
It is part of the chairman's duty to keep each speaker to the point to save wasting time.
使每位发言人不离题,少浪费时间,是主持人的部分职责。keep to sth
The tourists insist on keeping to their plan.
The priest kept to his beliefs in spite of cruel treatment.
Traffic regulations should always be kept to at any time.
任何时候,人们都要遵守交通法规。keep sb to sth
I shall keep you to your promise to come and see us next year.
我要让你遵守自己的诺言,明年来看我们。keep to oneself
There are only a man and his wife living there.They keep entirely to themselves.
只有一个男人和他的妻子住在那里,他们完全不与外人来往。keep sth to oneself
I'll thank you to keep your opinion to yourself.
我请你别发表自己的看法。keep sb/sth to sth
I don't want too many people to come to the party.Please keep the guests to about fifty.
Keep his remarks to the minimum and let other people have chances to present their views.
- keep together( v.+adv. )
(使)保持行动协调 (cause to) maintain a coordinated action
He has tied the sticks firmly. He hopes they will keep together.
When the mist comes down, we must keep together or we'll be lost.
雾笼罩时,我们最好呆在一起,否则会走散的。keep sb/sth together
I'd like to keep the children together in school.
You must learn to keep your things together and not leave them all over the house.
A library usually keeps books of the same kind together.
It is really incredible that these old records have been kept together through the centuries.
We try to keep together as a family.
You singers must keep together or you will spoil the music.
你们这些歌手一定要唱得谐音同调,否则就把曲子糟蹋了。keep sb together
The conductor is good at keeping the players together.
Facing a common enemy keeps the nation together.
The party was kept together by personal loyalty to the leader.
- keep under1( v.+adv. )
控制; 压迫 control; oppress
The two scouts, swimming across the river, managed to keep under as the enemy's searchlight raked the surface.
当敌人的探照灯扫过江面时,那两名泅水过江的侦察员设法躲在水下。keep sb/sth ⇔ under
He tried to swim, but a strong current kept him under and he drowned.
他挣扎着游水,但被一股激流压下去淹死了。keep sb/sth ⇔ under
The firemen tried their best to keep the flame under.
You won't keep her under for much longer.
Former rulers kept the people under, but now they have been allowed to hold elections and have much more freedom.
The fire was finally kept under.
- keep under2( v.+prep. )
控制住…; 保密 continue to be able to control sth/sb; keep secret
- keep up( v.+adv. )
使熬夜 prevent sb from going to bed at the usual time
The surviving sailors managed to keep up for several hours and were eventually picked up by a lifeboat.
那些幸存的船员设法在水面浮了几个小时,终于被救生艇救了起来。keep sb/sth ⇔ up
Are these pillars strong enough to keep up that dome?
The children use water wings to keep themselves up in the water while they're learning to swim.
In spite of the unfavorable weather, the grain output of the farm kept up and even increased a little than last year.
尽管天气不好,粮食产量并未下降,甚至比上年还略有增加。keep sth ⇔ up
They worked hard every day to keep their experimental plot up.
The work is too difficult for me and I am not able to keep up.
工作太困难了,我难以赶上别人。keep sth up
The municipal authorities have kept the roads up well.
It's silly to spend money just to keep up appearances.
The historic mansion was presented by the owner to the city, and is now kept up by the local authorities.
这所有历史意义的大厦是房主送给城市的,现在由地方当局保养维修。keep sth ⇔ up
We are very anxious to keep up the reputation of the firm.
They have kept up their friendship for thirty years.
We kept up a regular correspondence with them.
The ancient custom of well-dressing is still kept up in many Derbyshire villages.
Their spirits kept up well in spite of setbacks.
尽管遭受挫折,他们的热情不减。keep sth ⇔ up
The men kept up their morale in spite of untold hardships.
Keep it up! Final victory is in sight.
I hope the weather will keep up.
我希望天气继续晴朗。keep sb ⇔ up
Don't keep the children up too late.
I don't want to keep you up; you look very sleepy.
- keep up to( v.+adv.+prep. )
跟上 remain level with
keep up to sth
The meat prices keep up to last month's level.
肉价与上月一样高。keep sth up to sth
The landlord keeps the rent up to last year's level.
房东把房租订得与去年一样高。keep up to sb
I had to run to keep up to the girls.
You should work hard to keep up to other students.
- keep up with( v.+adv.+prep. )
保持接触 maintain contact with
- keep with( v.+prep. )
keep sth with sth
Why do you keep the knives with the forks?I separate mine.
你为什么把刀叉放在一 起?我的刀叉分着放。keep with sb
I'll keep with you to the bus terminal.
- keep within( v.+prep. )
保持在…内 be limited by
keep within sth
Make sure you keep within the new lower speed limit.
请一定不要超过新的限速。keep sth within sth
The firm's costs must be kept within bounds on this new contract.
- keep a business 经营一家商店
- keep a diary 记日记
- keep a family 养家糊口
- keep a festival 过节
- keep a good distance 保持相当一段距离
- keep a good table 待客周到
- keep a hotel 开设旅馆
- keep a man 养一个情夫
- keep a meeting 举行会议
- keep a school 办学校
- keep a shop 开一个小店
- keep a small tearoom 经营一间小茶室
- keep a woman 养一个情妇
- keep an agreement 遵守协议
- keep an appointment 守约
- keep an inn 开一个小店
- keep an orchard 经营果园
- keep bad company 跟坏人交朋友
- keep bees 养蜂
- keep books 记账
- keep cattle 养牛
- keep Christmas 庆祝圣诞节
- keep clothes 保管衣服
- keep company 结交,亲热
- keep early hours 早睡早起
- keep faith 守信用
- keep goal 守球门
- keep good time 钟或表走得准
- keep hens 养鸡
- keep hold 抓住
- keep house 管理家务
- keep late hours 晚睡晚起
- keep meat 使肉保鲜
- keep New Year 欢庆元旦
- keep old letters 保留旧信件
- keep one's balance 保持(身心)平衡,保持镇静
- keep one's bed 卧床
- keep one's birthday 过生日
- keep one's control over 保持对…的控制
- keep one's head 保持镇静
- keep one's promise 遵守诺言
- keep one's seat 坐在座位上不动
- keep one's watch 保存自己的表
- keep one's word 守信用
- keep open house 好客
- keep open mind 不抱偏见
- keep pigs 养猪
- keep poultry 养家禽
- keep secret 保守秘密
- keep servants 雇用仆人
- keep several head of cattle 养几头牲口
- keep sheep 养羊
- keep silence 保持沉默,保持安静
- keep Spring Festival 欢度春节
- keep step 保持步调一致,统一步伐
- keep the books 保存这些书
- keep the ground 坚守阵地
- keep the house 足不出户
- keep the job 保住工作
- keep the law 遵纪守法
- keep the path 沿小路走
- keep the rules 遵守规则
- keep the Sabbath 守安息日
- keep time 合拍子
- keep watch 保持警戒
- keep watch and ward 监视
- keep awake 不睡,保持清醒
- keep calm 保持镇静
- keep clean 保持清洁
- keep clear of 躲避
- keep close 靠近
- keep cool 保持冷静
- keep dark 隐讳,保密
- keep dry 保持干燥
- keep fine 保持晴朗
- keep fit 保持健康
- keep fresh 保鲜
- keep happy 使高兴
- keep quiet 保持安静
- keep silent 保持沉默
- keep warm 保暖
- keep well (身体)保持得很好
- keep ahead 保持领先地位
- keep indoors 呆在家里,不外出
- keep well 管理得很好
- keep ceaselessly 无休止地保持
- keep discreetly 慎重地保留
- keep jealously 珍藏
- keep shamelessly 无耻地保留
- keep about 在手头经常备有
- keep away colds 不患感冒
- keep back one's tears 忍住泪
- keep behind 隔开一段距离跟在…后面
- keep down 压制,抑制,控制
- keep down one's anger 捺住心头的怒火
- keep prices down 限制物价上涨
- keep in 靠一边走,(使)呆在室内,(使)课后留校,储备
- keep some good wine in 保存些好酒
- keep off 使远离,(使)被延迟或被阻滞
- keep off the rain 挡雨
- keep on 继续
- keep dark glasses on 仍旧戴着墨镜
- keep out (使)在外,(使)不进入
- keep the cold out 防寒
- keep together 聚拢,(使)动作协调
- keep under 控制,抑制,压住,监视
- keep the fire under 把火势控制住
- keep up (使)不掉下,(使)不低落,持续不变
- keep up an old custom 保持一种古老的习俗
- keep up one's spirits 振作起来,保持饱满的精神
- keep after 追求,追赶,纠缠
- keep after the criminals 追踪罪犯
- keep along 沿…继续
- keep at 使…继续
- keep at one's study 坚持学习
- keep from 不告知…,阻止…从事,使免遭,免于
- keep from laughing 忍住不笑
- keep sb from going out 不让…出去
- keep the wood from damage 使木头不受损害
- keep the bad news from Mother 不要告诉母亲这个坏消息
- keep in 将…保存在,使留在(某处),使持续处于
- keep the house in good repair 保持房屋处于良好状态
- keep ... in mind 把…记住
- keep hands in pockets 把手放在口袋里
- keep off 离开,不接近
- keep off the grass 勿踩草地
- keep out of (使)不入…内,(使)避开,远离
- keep out of a quarrel 不介入争吵
- keep to 向…移动,(使)集中精力于,(使)按…严格行事,呆在(屋里、床上)
- keep to one's bed 卧病
- keep up with 跟上…
What God hath done for you ye take no keepe.出自： A. Barclay
If you kept small rules, you could break the big ones.出自： G. Orwell
He kept the dinner appointment.出自： E. O
- keep open doors, keep the door open
- 1.前者的意思是“好客”或“对客人盛情招待”; 后者的意思是“使门保持开着”。
- 2.前者中的doors是复数形式,其前无冠词; 而后者中的door则根据实际情况，可用单数,也可用复数。
- 3.前者中的open位于doors之前,作定语; 后者中的open位于door之后,作宾语补足语。
- keep shop, keep a shop
- 1.前者的意思是“照管店务”; 后者的意思是“开一个店铺”。
- 2.前者中的shop是不可数名词,无单复数之分; 后者中的shop是可数名词,可根据实际情况而用单复数。例如:
- His father kept two shops in the countryside.他父亲在乡间开了两个小店。
- keep silent, keep silence
- He was unable to keep silent any longer.
- I hope you will keep silence while I am away.
- keep v-ing, keep on v-ing
- 1.keep v -ing中的 v -ing是分词作表语, keep on v -ing中的 v -ing是动名词作宾语。
- 2.keep v -ing强调动作的连续性和客观性; 而keep on v -ing强调动作的重复性或动作执行者的决心,常含有一定的感情色彩。
- 3.keep v -ing还可表示持续不间断的状态或动作,而keep on v -ing无此用法。
- keep one's word, promise
- promise指“许诺”,只指意图,而不指义务,只指美好的愿望,不指坏的意图; keep one's word则指作出promise后遵守自己的诺言。例如:
- He promised to come and see me today, but he failed to keep his word.他答应今天来看我,但他没能守约。
- I'll keep my word;I'll tell him everything.我将遵守诺言,把一切告诉他。
- keep, detain
- 1.detain尤指警察进行“拘留”,一般指“留住,耽搁”时,常含有强迫之意; keep多用于口语中。
- keep, hold
- keep, preserve, reserve, retain
- 1.keep指把某一事物置于自己的权力或管理之下; retain和reserve同义,均指继续“保持”或“保存”某事物, retain是较为正式的用语,还可指记住某事; preserve指把某物“收藏”或“保存”好。
- 2.retain含有不失去的意味; reserve则强调继续保持而不致失去; preserve强调防止破坏作用,要采取措施使某物完好无损或质量不变。例如:
- His business has been taken over by a big corporation, but he still retains some control over it.他的商店被一家大公司接管了,但他仍保留部分控制权。
- You'd better reserve your strength for tomorrow's climb.你最好留点力气明天爬山。
- Salt preserves food from decay.盐能防止食物腐烂。
- keep the door open, leave the door open
- Do not leave the door open at night!
- She kept the door open at night to wait for her husband.
- keep away from, avoid, evade, shun
- 1.evade多用于指避开当前极不希望的事物或场合; shun则多用于避开一贯不喜欢的事物或场合; 而avoid则既可指避开当前极不希望的事物或场合,也可指避开一贯不喜欢的事物或场合。
- 2.avoid强调消极地避开; evade多指用巧妙而有策略的方法积极避开; shun指主体积极设法避开,但表示不愿接近的心情更鲜明。
- 3.avoid, evade, shun都可用名词作宾语,但avoid和shun还可用动名词作直接宾语。
- 4.keep away from常用于口语,指避开、不接近。
- keep up with, catch up with
- catch up with表示从落后的状态迎头赶上; keep up with表示跟上某人以至不落后。例如:
- You go on;I will soon catch up with you.
- She had to run to keep up with them.
- keep still, hold still
- 这两个短语中hold和keep都用作系动词, still是形容词作表语,在作“坚持不动”解时,两者可互换,只是hold still是美式英语; 而keep still是英式英语。另外, keep still还有“保持沉默”的意思,而hold still则无此义。
误 Is this meat keeping until tomorrow?
正 Will this meat keep until tomorrow?
误 They kept us supplying with vegetables.
正 They kept us supplied with vegetables.
误 Nothing can keep me to love her.
正 Nothing can keep me from loving her.
析 表示“阻止某人做某事”应该说keep sb from v -ing,而不能说keep sb to- v 。
- ☆ 直接源自晚期古英语的cepan；最初源自原始日耳曼语的kopijanan，意为抓住，握住。