receive

  基本词汇  
[rɪ'siːv]     [rɪ'siːv]    
  • v.接到;收到;接待
received received receiving receives
new

receive是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 领受,接到,收到,接收
  2. 接发球
  3. 承认
  4. 接待,会客,接见,招待
  5. 得到
  6. 经受,遭受
  7. 承受,顶住,支住
  8. 容纳,收容
  9. 收买(赃物)
  10. 体验
  11. 对…作出反应
  12. 【宗】领圣餐

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. & vi. 收到,接到 come into possession of sth that is given or sent to one
  2. vt. & vi. 接纳; 接待 accept as a visitor or member; welcome

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
receive : 收到, 收赃 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
receive : 收到, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
receive : 收到, 接待 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
receive : 收到, ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Verb:
  1. get something; come into possession of;

    "receive payment"
    "receive a gift"
    "receive letters from the front"

  2. receive a specified treatment (abstract);

    "These aspects of civilization do not find expression or receive an interpretation"
    "His movie received a good review"
    "I got nothing but trouble for my good intentions"

  3. register (perceptual input);

    "pick up a signal"

  4. go through (mental or physical states or experiences);

    "get an idea"
    "experience vertigo"
    "get nauseous"
    "receive injuries"
    "have a feeling"

  5. express willingness to have in one's home or environs;

    "The community warmly received the refugees"

  6. accept as true or valid;

    "He received Christ"

  7. bid welcome to; greet upon arrival

  8. convert into sounds or pictures;

    "receive the incoming radio signals"

  9. experience as a reaction;

    "My proposal met with much opposition"

  10. have or give a reception;

    "The lady is receiving Sunday morning"

  11. receive as a retribution or punishment;

    "He got 5 years in prison"

  12. partake of the Holy Eucharist sacrament

  13. regard favorably or with disapproval;

    "Her new collection of poems was not well received"

receive的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I was on vacation last week and didn't receive your fax.
    上星期我正在度假,没收到你们的传真。
  2. He was received as an honoured visitor.
    他以贵宾的身分受到款待。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. Our TV receives well since we had a new antenna put on.
    自从安装了新天线以来,我们的电视机接收良好。
  2. Lady Jones receives on Monday afternoon.
    星期一下午琼斯夫人接见来访者。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. She would not receive Mrs. Reed.
    她不愿意接见里德夫人。
  2. I like to receive presents on my birthday.
    我喜欢在生日那天收到生日礼物。
  3. Each employee received the same bonus.
    每个雇员都得到了相同数目的奖金。
  4. The club received a benevolent donation.
    这家俱乐部收到了一笔慈善捐款。
  5. You have received a just reward.
    你得到了应得的报酬。
  6. That morning we received a report from the front.
    那天早上,我们收到了从前线送来的一份报告。
  7. I've just received a letter.
    我刚收到一封信。
  8. So far we have received no reply from them.
    到现在为止,还没有收到他们的回信。
  9. She received many invitations, but accepted only one.
    她接到许多请柬,但只接受了其中的一张。
  10. I've received an invitation but I don't think I'll accept.
    我收到一份请柬,但不准备接受。
  11. When did you receive the money order we sent you?
    我们寄给你的汇款单什么时候收到的?
  12. An illiterate, later he received some schooling.
    他原先大字不识一个,后来接受一些学校教育。
  13. There we received several weeks of intensive training.
    在那里我们受了几星期的强化训练。
  14. He received a physical exam.
    他做了一次体检。
  15. They had received no instructions what to say about them.
    他们没有接到指示对这些问题应当怎样说。
  16. The new law has received the royal assent.
    新的法律已得到国王的批准。
  17. We immediately received the support of the workers.
    我们立即得到工人们的支持。
  18. They received assurances that the Union would stand by them.
    他们得到保证,工会将站在他们一边。
  19. Children in our country receive good education.
    我们国家的儿童受到良好教育。
  20. He received the Nobel Prize for literature.
    他获得诺贝尔文学奖。
  21. Your lecture received no attention.
    你的讲座未受到重视。
  22. We received a warm welcome.
    我们受到热烈欢迎。
  23. Her husband did not receive her story.
    她的丈夫不相信她的话。
  24. 用于be ~ed结构
  25. She was warmly received.
    她受到热情地接待。
  26. There was great excitement when the news was received.
    消息传来,大家都很兴奋。
  27. His remarks were received with murmurs of dissent.
    听众对他的谈话发出了一阵阵不以为然的窃窃私语声。
  28. My speech was very well received.
    我的报告受到了热烈的欢迎。
  29. The statement was received with great enthusiasm.
    大家对声明反应热烈。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +(as) n.
  1. I didn't buy the book,I received it as a gift.
    这本书不是我买的,而是别人送给我的礼物。
  2. He would not receive her as his son's wife.
    他不愿承认她是他的儿媳。
  3. 用于be ~ed结构
  4. How soon can I be received as a member of the Church?
    还要多久我才能被接纳为教会的一名成员?
  5. The theory was not received as truth by the broad masses of people.
    这一理论并未被广大人民群众当成真理。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
receive from (v.+prep.)
  1. 从…获得,收到(某物) obtain (usually sth) from sb receive sth from sb

    I didn't buy the book,I received it from the writer as a gift.这本书不是我买的,而是作者送给我的礼物。

    These farmers receive generous subsidies from the government.这些农民得到了政府的大量补贴。

receive into (v.+prep.)
  1. 接纳(某人)加入(某群体、组织) welcome the return of sb into a group which he〔she〕 had left receive sb (back) into sth

    They received him into the Trade Union.他们接受他为工会成员。

    We received him into our family as a son.我们收他为养子。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    You can be received into the Church after instruction into our beliefs.在给你讲授我们的教义之后,你就可以被接纳为教会的成员。

    He was received into his teacher's favour.他得到老师的宠爱。

    When she wanted to return to the Church after a long absence, she was received back into the fold most warmly, with no questions asked.她离开教会已经很长时间了,当她希望返回时,没有被问到任何问题,而是受到格外热烈的欢迎。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • I..Did in your name receive it.

    出自:Two Gentlemen of Verona,Shakespeare
  • I could not write a letter or receive one without my mothers having to read it.

    出自:L. Kennedy

receive的详细讲解:

词语用法

  1. 参见:accept
  2. receive与accept的区别:receive意为“收到”,表示客观的,accept意为“接受”,表示主观的。当accept a gift时,表示接受了礼物,不会再退回,而receive a gift时,只是收到了礼物,可能还会退回。
  3. receive只是一时的动作,因此不能说I have received your letter 3 days.应该改为It is 3 days since I received your letter;
  4. receive from/of的意思是“从某处或某人那收到(款项)”,如received from/of Sam seven pounds;
  5. 在英美英语中回信中的第一句话,通常是Your letter of ... received,常省略is,has been。
v.(动词)
  1. receive的基本意思是“接受”“收到”,仅指接到或收到某物的客观事实,而不表示主观态度(接受或拒绝)。引申表示“受到教育、惩罚、支持等”“赞同某一意见或看法”。有时还可表示“接见某人”。
  2. receive可用作及物动词,也可用作不及物动词。用作及物动词时,接名词或代词作宾语,还可接以as短语充当补足语的复合宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. receive宾语后面可接介词from,表示“从…获得”,也可接介词into,表示“接纳为”。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
receive, accept
这两个词都含有“收到”的意思。在表示“赞同某一意见或看法”时可互换。例如:
Her husband did not accept〔receive〕 her story.她的丈夫不相信她的话。
The theory was not received〔accepted〕 as truth by the broad masses of people.这一理论并未被广大人民群众当成真理。
其区别是:
1.从搭配上说:在表示“受到教育〔惩罚,支持〕”和“接待客人”等意时只能用receive,不能用accept; 而在表示“接受某条件”时却只能用accept,而不能用receive。
2.从含义上说: receive只表示“被动地收到”这一事实,而accept则多了一层主观上“某种程度甚至完全赞同”的意味。例如:
I've received an invitation but I don't think I'll accept.我收到一份邀请,但不准备接受。
Though he has received several offers, he can accept only one of them.虽然他收到了几处的聘请,但他只能接受其中之一。
再如,收到(receive)别人的致歉,但不一定予以承认(accept); 头脑可以接收(receive)某一思想,但不一定认同(accept); 一个人可以为社会所容纳(receive),但不一定为他人所理解(accept)。简而言之,“accept=receive+乐意地”。
此外, receive之后还可以拒绝甚至退回,而一经accept,则除极特殊情况外,一般是不能再拒绝或退回的。因此,复信中写I've received your invitation.就显得不够礼貌了。
receive, hear from
这两个词(组)都可表示“接到某人信件”。其区别是:
hear from不是指具体接到信件,而是指得到音信、信息; receive往往指收到具体的信件。例如:
I haven't heard from him for a long time.我好久没得到他的音信了。
I haven't received any letters from him for several months.我已经好几个月没有收到他的信了。
receive, admit, take
这三个词都有“接受”的意思。其区别是:
receive主要表示接到或收到,而不含采取主动或积极行动的意思; admit强调接纳,暗示接纳者采取允许、宽容的态度或作出让步; take是日常用词,指不带有主观意愿地收下。
accept receive admit take
这些动词均有“接受、接纳”之意。
  • accept:accept强调主动地或自愿地接受,或者说,经过考虑后同意接受。
  • receive:receive着重仅仅接到或收到这一结论或事实,而不含采取主动或积极行动的意思。
  • admit:admit作“接受”讲时,强调准许或批准。
  • take:take与receive同意,是receive的日常用法,侧重不带主观意愿地收下或接受。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 我收到你的信已两三天了。

    I've received your letter for a couple of days.

    I've received your letter a couple of days ago.

    It is a couple of days since I received your letter.

    receive是瞬间动词,不与表示一段时间的状语连用。

错句举例与错句分析
  • 错句:all i hope is that you will receive my invation and come here.

    纠正:all i hope is that you will accept my invation and come here.

    翻译:我所希望的是你能接受邀请并过来。

    分析:receive invation与accept invation的区别用法,一个是客观的收到,一个是主观的接收邀请。

词源解说

  • ☆ 1300年左右进英入语,直接源自拉丁语的recipere:re (回,返) + cipere (取,抓),意为重新抓,再次获得。

receive的相关资料:

正版词典

receive : 收到,接收 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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【反义词】

互动百科

  • receive:receive vt. 收到, 接到, 接收, 遭到, 受到, 接待, 接见 英英解释:动词receive:1. get something; come into possession of同义词:h…

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