put

  基本词汇  
[pʊt]     [pʊt]    
  • v.放;安置;使处于;提交;记下;表达;出发;开航
  • n.推铅球;期货买卖
put put putting puts
new

put是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 表达,表述,说
  2. 放,摆,搁
  3. 使从事
  4. 发射
  5. 翻译
  6. 提出
  7. 写上,书写
  8. 使受到
  9. 移动
  10. 投掷
  11. 航行,开航
  12. 折磨
  13. 攒钱,积蓄
  14. 推迟,延迟
  15. 推荐
  16. 投入,放进
  17. 给某人添麻烦
  18. 安,装,安装
  19. 施加,强加,加入
  20. 搀进
  21. 前进
  22. 驶向流入
  23. 把...用于
  24. 使渡过
  25. <口>出发
  26. 匆忙离开
  27. 发芽
  28. 流向
  29. 使感觉到,使受到…的影响
  30. 猛推
  31. 用力插入
  32. 将…送往,使…前往
  33. 使与…连接
  34. 标上,记,做标记
  35. 使处于
  36. 把…视为
n.(名词)
  1. 刺,戳
  2. 投,掷,扔
  3. 一扔的距离
  4. 【交易所】使按限价卖出
  5. 发文件
  6. 【商】股票出售权
  7. 约期出售选择权(在一定期限以一定价格交售一定数量商品的选择权)
  8. 卖方的选择

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 放; 置 move, set, place, lay or fix in, on or to a stated place
  2. vt. 使处于(某种状态) cause sb/sth to be in the specified state or condition
  3. vt. 表达,叙述,说明 express sth in words

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
put : 放置, 估价 ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
put : 征税;投资 ...
在 《外教社财政学英语词典》 中查看更多...
put : 认沽盘,出 ...
put : 放置, 估价 ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
put : 期货买卖( ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. the option to sell a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date

Verb:
  1. put into a certain place or abstract location;

    "Put your things here"
    "Set the tray down"
    "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"
    "Place emphasis on a certain point"

  2. cause to be in a certain state; cause to be in a certain relation;

    "That song put me in awful good humor"
    "put your ideas in writing"

  3. formulate in a particular style or language;

    "I wouldn't put it that way"
    "She cast her request in very polite language"

  4. attribute or give;

    "She put too much emphasis on her the last statement"
    "He put all his efforts into this job"
    "The teacher put an interesting twist to the interpretation of the story"

  5. make an investment;

    "Put money into bonds"

  6. estimate;

    "We put the time of arrival at 8 P.M."

  7. cause (someone) to undergo something;

    "He put her to the torture"

  8. adapt;

    "put these words to music"

  9. arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events;

    "arrange my schedule"
    "set up one's life"
    "I put these memories with those of bygone times"

put的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He put his hands in his pockets.
    他把手放在口袋里。
  2. She put the grapes onto the platter.
    她把葡萄放到一个大盘子上。
  3. Put down my pen and stop fiddling!
    把我的钢笔放下,别用手玩弄!
  4. I've put my entire life into a sound and perfect order.
    我把自己的一生都安排妥当了。
  5. The government has promised to put more police officers on the street.
    政府承诺要在大街上安置更多警力。
  6. I wish you hadn't told me! it puts me in a really difficult position.
    我真希望你没告诉我那件事!这使我现在的处境真的很为难。
  7. The motion was put to the assemblage.
    这项提议已提交大会了。
  8. I'll put this lunch on my expense account.
    我要把这顿午餐记在我的开支帐户上。
  9. Make sure that you put down every word she says.
    切实要记下她说的每一个字。
  10. How shall I put it?
    我该怎么说呢?
  11. I want to know how to put this in French.
    我想知道如何用法语来表达这件事。
  12. He put for home after a hurried meal.
    他匆匆吃完饭就出发回家了。
  13. The vessel was unable to put to sea on account of the storm.
    因为有暴风雨,所以这些船不能开航。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. Where have they put my clothes?
    他们把我的衣服搁在哪里了?
  2. Where did you put my hat?
    你把我的帽子放在何处了?
  3. Who put the question?
    这问题是谁提的?
  4. The councilors put the problem of downtown parking before the mayor.
    议员们向市长提出了市内停车问题。
  5. “The election result was a disaster for the country.”“I wouldn't put it quite like that.”
    “这次选举的结果对国家来说是个灾难。”“我看未必如此。”
  6. She put it very tactfully.
    她说得很有技巧。
  7. How can I put what I felt and thought?
    我该怎么表达我的感受和想到的事才好呢?
  8. Just put your signature here.
    把你的名字签在这里。
  9. Put a cross opposite each mistake.
    在每个差错的前面打个叉。
  10. I wouldn't put him among the greatest composers.
    他算不上一个最伟大的作曲家。
  11. He is going to put the shot in the game.
    在比赛中,他将推铅球。
  12. She put a knife between his ribs.
    她拿起一把刀子刺进了他的肋骨间。
  13. 用于be ~ed结构
  14. His ideas were cleverly put.
    他巧妙地表达了自己的想法。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. He put me a few very sharp questions.
    他向我提了几个非常尖锐的问题。
S+~+ n./pron. +for/to pron./n.
  1. In the second document the President put a question to her.
    在第二份文件里,总统向她提了一个问题。
  2. I'd like to put a question to the speaker.
    我想向演讲者提个问题。
  3. I will put your views to the committee.
    我会把你的意见提交委员会。
  4. Let me put a question to you.
    我向你提个问题吧。
  5. You may put your suggestion to the director at a suitable time, not now.
    你可以在适当的时候把你的建议向经理提出来,但现在不要提。
  6. I put it to you that you haven't told us the full facts.
    我认为你并没有告诉我们全部事实。
  7. I'll put a chair for you over there.
    我会在那边给你放一把椅子。
  8. 用于be ~ed结构
  9. The budget was put to the board for discussion.
    预算已提交董事会讨论。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. + adj.
  1. We had taken a wrong turning, but a policeman put us right.
    我们拐错了弯,但一位警察给我们指示了正确的方向。
  2. She can always put other people right, but will never admit making an error herself.
    她总是能够纠正别人的错误,但从不承认自己犯的错误。
  3. A short note put the matter right.
    一封短函把事件解释清楚了。
  4. The picture on the wall is crooked— I must put it straight.
    墙上那幅画挂歪了,我得把它扶正。
  5. He can put the mistake right soon.
    他能很快纠正这个错误。
  6. I'd have to put them equal.
    我得把一碗水端平。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
put about( v.+adv. )
  1. 宣称,散布 declare, spread

    Who has put this lie about? 是谁散布的这个谎言?

    I should like to know who put that rumour about. 我想知道是谁散布了那谣言。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    A story was put about that the rebels had overthrown the government and taken the President captive. 流传着一种说法:叛乱者已推翻政府并囚禁了总统。

    Don't believe all these stories that are being put about. 不要相信所有这些谣传。

  2. (使)烦恼 trouble, distress oneself put sb/oneself about

    Don't put yourself about!别烦恼!

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was much put about by the report of his friend's death.他朋友去世的消息使他很苦恼。

    He was very much put about by the false accusations brought against him.他为对他的诬告极为苦恼。

    发愁发愁

    He told her that it was useless for her to put herself about.他告诉她发愁没有用。

    I was much put about.我很发愁。

  3. 改变航向 change the direction put about

    The ship put about.该船改变了航行方向。

put about
  1. 发愁

    He told her that it was useless for her to put herself about. 他告诉她发愁没有用。

    I was much put about. 我很发愁。

put across1( v.+adv. )
  1. 〈非正〉解释,被理解 communicate sth successfully put sb/sth ⇔ across

    He knew how to put his ideas across.他知道怎样使别人理解他的想法。

    I am not putting my meaning across very well.我没有把我的意思说得很清楚。

    He could not put across his point of view to the audience.他没能使听众理解他的观点。

put across2( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…横置于…上; 把…送到…的对面 place or move sth/sb in a position across sth put sth across sth

    We must put a new bridge across the river to take the increased traffic.为适应增加了的交通量,我们必须在河上再架一座新桥。

    The boatman put me across the river.船夫把我渡过了河。

    The bigger boats will be able to put more people across the river.大一点的船能把更多的人渡过河去。

  2. 用欺骗的方法使(某人)接受或相信 cause acceptance of or belief in sth by sb, by deceit put sth across sb

    You can't put that across me.你休想骗我相信那事。

    You'd better not try to put anything across him.你最好别欺骗他任何事情。

    Don't think you are going to put that story across us.你别想用那个故事来欺骗我们。

put aside( v.+adv. )
  1. 撇开,储备 leave aside; store or reserve put sth ⇔ aside

    You must put aside your work for a time and take a holiday.你必须把工作撇开一段时间来休个假。

    She put her book aside, and we had a talk.她把书搁到一边,我们交谈起来。

    One should always put a little money aside for a rainy day.一个人总应积攒点钱以备不时之需。

    I have put aside five minutes to talk to you.我挤出5分钟来与你交谈。

put at( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…放在…之前 place sth in position in front of somewhere put at sth

    The worshippers put their gifts at the feet of the god.做礼拜的人把祭品放在神像脚下。

  2. 猜测,估计 guess sth to be an amount put at sth

    I put her age at 55.我猜测她的年龄在55岁左右。

    put sth at sth

    What would you put the radius at?你估计这半径有多长?

    I put the distance between the two cities at about five miles.我估计这两个城市之间的距离为5英里左右。

    He put the time of the accident at about two o'clock.他估计出事的时间大约是2点。

    I put the weight at about fourteen pounds.我估计它的重量大约为14磅。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His income can probably be put at 8000 pounds.我估计他每年收入8000英镑。

    The total of the armed forces in the theatre of operations was put at about 50,000 men.那个战区的总兵力估计约为50,000人。

put away( v.+adv. )
  1. 收起来,放好 put in the usual place of storage, e.g., a drawer, box

    She washed the cups and put them away. 她洗完杯子收了起来。

    The mother told the child to put her toys away. 母亲告诉她的孩子把自己的玩具收起来。

    If you have finished with those tools, please put them away. 如果那些工具你不用了,请把它们收起来。

    Put the books away neatly in the bookcase. 把书整齐地放到书柜里。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The correspondence was all put away in numbered files. 信件都存放在编了号的卷宗内。

  2. 储存 save

    I have to put everything away for my retirement. 我必须把一切都积蓄起来以便退休后用。

    I like to put some money away for a rainy day. 我喜欢积攒点钱以备困难时用。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The fruit should be carefully put away. 水果应小心存放起来。

  3. 打消,放弃,抛弃 give up

    Put away those foolish ideas! 别去想那些可笑的念头了!

    He put his worries away for the weekend. 为了度好周末,他不去想那些烦人的事了。

put back( v.+adv. )
  1. 〔说明〕 put back通常不用于进行体。 put sth ⇔ back
  2. 放回原处 replace

    The boy put the ink bottle back where it came from. 那男孩把墨水瓶放回原处。

    Please put this plate back on the shelf where it belongs. 请把盘子放回到架子原处。

    Put the book back when you have done with it. 你看完这本书就把它放回原处。

    The ship put back to port. 该船返回港口。

  3. 拨回,向后推 move backwards

    You cannot put back the clock. 时间是不会倒转的。

    Your watch is fast; put it back ten minutes. 你的表快了,把它往回拨10分钟。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The date had been put back from March to April. 日期由3月推迟到4月。

put by( v.+adv. )
  1. 储存,存放在一边 save for future use put sth ⇔ by

    He had put by a good sum during a working lifetime.他工作了一辈子,也积蓄了一大笔钱。

    I am not going to allow them to put this question by, as they have done before.我不会让他们像以前一样把这个问题搁到一边去。

    He put the idea by until he was at leisure to consider it carefully.他把这个念头放在一边,到空闲时再去认真考虑它。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Whatever he got besides his basic salary was put by for his old age.凡是在基本工资以外的收入他都存起来以备年老时用。

put down( v.+adv. )
  1. 放下 set or place down put sth ⇔ down

    Put down that book and help your mother with the dishes.放下那本书,帮你母亲洗餐具。

    Put down the window, please.请把窗户放下。

    Just as I put the telephone down, the doorbell rang.当我放下电话时,门铃响了。

  2. 平定,镇压,取缔 suppress by force or authority put sth ⇔ down

    We must put down the enemy's attack.我们必须打退敌人的进攻。

    They had to call the police in order to put down the riot.他们只得叫来警察以平定骚乱。

    The troops were called out to put down the disturbance.出动了军队去镇压骚乱。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The uprising was put down with the utmost ferocity.起义被极端残酷地镇压下去了。

  3. 记下,写下 write down; make a note of put sb/sth ⇔ down

    Can I put you down for the trip to Guilin?去桂林旅游我给你登记好吗?

    When Betty read English books she always put down interesting expressions.贝蒂看英文书时总是把有趣的表达方式记下来。

    Let me put down your telephone number lest I forget it.让我记下你的电话号码,以免忘了。

    Please put your name and address down on this pad.请在便笺簿上写下你的姓名和地址。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Everything he said was put down at once.他说的话马上被记了下来。

  4. 估计,认为 think about sth put sb/sth down as/for sth/sb

    At first they put down the complaints as radical talk.起初他们认为这些牢骚都是偏激言词而已。

    We put the boy down as nine years old.我们估计这男孩有9岁。

    We may safely put him down as a person with a small mind.我们可以有把握地认为他是个心胸狭窄的人。

    They put him down for a fool.他们认为他是个傻瓜。

  5. 归于 owe sth to sth put sth down to sth/v-ing

    I put his bad temper down to having had an unhappy childhood.我把他的坏脾气归之于他有过不幸的童年。

    He put the poor harvest down to bad weather.他把收成不好归咎于坏天气。

    They'll put it down to his craziness.他们会把这件事归因于他的精神不正常。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The disease was put down to bad drinking-water.这疾病被认为是由劣质饮用水引起的。

  6. 批评 criticize put sb ⇔ down 用于 be ~ed 结构

    He is severely put down for his careless work.他因工作上的粗心大意而受到了严厉的批评。

put forth( v.+adv. )
  1. 长出 send out put forth

    Leaves are putting forth.树叶正在长出。

    Do you think these little trees will put forth before long?你认为这些小树不久就会长叶子吗?

    put forth sth

    Trees put forth buds and leaves in spring.树木在春天发芽长叶。

    At this time of the year all the chestnut trees put forth blossoms.每年的这个时候栗子树都开花。

  2. 提出,公布 advise or propose put forth sth

    Representatives from various units have put forth several suggestions.许多单位的代表提出了一些建议。

    The officials of government of many countries have put forth a better system for preventing world war.许多国家政府首脑提出了一个更好的防止世界大战的计划。

  3. 尽力 try one's best put forth sth

    He put forth all his strength so as to reach the camp in time.他使出全身的力气以便能及时到达营地。

put forward( v.+adv. )
  1. 向前移 move sth forward

    Why don't you put your chair forward to get a better view? 你为什么不把椅子往前挪一点,以便看得更清楚些?

    If you put your hair forward, it would suit your face better. 如果你把头发往前梳就更适合你的脸型了。

  2. 将…提前 move some event to an earlier date or time

    We shall have to put the meeting forward. 我们得把会议提前。

    We had to put our holiday forward one month. 我们不得不把假期提前了一个月。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The attack had been put forward an hour. 进攻被提前了一小时。

  3. 将钟拨快 move the hands of a clock forward

    Put your watch forward; it's five minutes slow. 将你的手表拨快些,它慢了五分钟。

    In summer, we usually put the clocks forward one hour to take advantage of the summer daylight. 夏季,我们通常把时针向前拨快一小时,以便充分利用夏天的日光。

  4. 提出 offer an idea, suggestion, etc. for consideration

    He put forward a plan for the committee to consider. 他提出一项计划由全体委员审议。

    Einstein put forward the new theory of relativity. 爱因斯坦提出了相对论的新学说。

    Are you serious in putting forward such a view? 你是严肃地提出这个观点吗?

    You'd better put forward your reasons right now.We have no time to waste. 你最好把你的理由马上提出来,我们没有时间了。

    As a friend,I should be frank to you, so I put forward these criticism and opinions. 作为朋友,我应该对你坦诚,因此提出了这些批评和意见。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    A suitable answer has already been put forward by the chairman. 一个合适的解决办法已由主席提出。

    His name was put forward for inclusion in the Honours List. 有人提议把他的名字列入光荣榜。

  5. 推荐 recommend

    They put him forward as a candidate. 他们推举他为候选人。

    May I put him forward as a possible chairman of the committee? 我能推荐他作委员会的主席吗?

    I'll put Mr. Smith forward as a possible chairman of the committee. 我将推举史密斯先生作为委员会主席候选人。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    She was put forward as an advanced worker. 她被推选为先进工作者。

    He was put forward as the man most likely to win the ear of the conference. 他作为最可能说服与会者的人而被推荐出来。

put in1( v.+adv. )
  1. 〔说明〕 put in通常不用于进行体。
  2. (使)在内 cause to be in put sth ⇔ in

    He put his head in at the window.他从窗口把头伸进来。

  3. 打断,插嘴 interrupt by saying 引出直接引语

    “Don't forget us,” she put in.“别忘记我们,”她插进来说。

    put sth ⇔ in

    The teacher always put in a good word for his former pupils.那个老师总是为他以前教过的学生说句好话。

    put in that-clause

    He put in that he must resign.他插嘴说,他必须辞职。

    While they were discussing the car accident,Frank put in that the road was icy.当他们讨论汽车事故时,弗兰克插嘴说路上覆盖着冰。

  4. 做,履行 do; perform put sth ⇔ in

    She always puts in an hour's reading before breakfast.早饭前她总是读一小时书。

    Mary puts in an hour's piano practice every evening.玛丽每晚练一小时钢琴。

  5. 选举…执政; 任命 elect to office; give duties to put sb/sth ⇔ in

    He put in a caretaker.他任命了一个管理员。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The candidate was put in by a majority of one thousand.这个候选人以一千票的多数当选。

    Which party will be put in at the next general election?下一次大选中哪个党派会当选执政?

  6. 进港停泊 enter a harbour to anchor put in

    The ship put in at the harbour and remained there for a day.轮船进港在那儿停了一天。

    After the fire, the ship put in for repairs.失火后那船进港维修。

put in2( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 put in通常不用于进行体。
  2. 把…放于…中 place sth/sb in position inside sth such as a container put sth in sth

    Put sugar in the coffee, please.请把糖放在咖啡里。

    He puts his hands in his pockets.他把手插入口袋里。

    Put the eggs gently in the basket.轻轻地把鸡蛋放入篮子里。

    Put the vegetables in the pan with very little water and heat quickly.把蔬菜放入煎锅里,少放些水迅速加热。

    We ought to put the children in the back seat; it's safer.我们应该把孩子们放在后面座位上,这样更安全。

  3. 在…上花费 spend time, energy, etc. in put sth in v-ing

    Every morning I put half an hour in reading.我每天早读半个小时。

    I've put a lot of work in improving my English.我下了很大的工夫进修英文。

  4. 使…处于某种状态 cause sth to be in a state of put sth in sth

    His study is a chaos; it takes long to put his papers in order.他的书房一片狼藉,整理好他的文件要花好长时间。

    The secretary put the files in alphabetical order.秘书把案卷按字母顺序整理好。

    Let's put everything in order and dust the office clean.咱们把东西整理好,把办公室打扫干净。

    The surprise attack put me in a fix.这次突然袭击使我处于困境。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    All goods should be put in order on the shelf before the supermarket opens.超级市场开门前,所有的货物都必须整齐地排列在货架上。

put in for( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 申请 apply formally for put in for sth

    The workers are putting in for an increase in wages.工人们正在要求增加工资。

    She put in for a transfer to another office.她申请调到另一部门工作。

    Did you put in for that post in the library that you were speaking about the other day?你有没有申请那天你说起的图书馆的那个职位?

  2. 推荐 recommend sb for promotion, an award , etc. put sb in for sth

    The commanding officer is putting Sergeant Green in for the Victoria Cross.指挥官提议颁发给格林中士维多利亚十字勋章。

put into( v.+prep. )
  1. 使处于某种状态 make sth be in a state of

    It's a wonderful scheme, and he's just the man to put it into effect. 这是一个很好的计划,而他正是实施这个计划的最佳人选。

    The Government is going to put the new currency regulations into force. 政府打算使新的货币条例生效。

    It's one thing to formulate theories, and another thing to put them into practice. 阐述理论是一回事,付诸实施又是一回事。

    Your plan is reasonable. How are you going to put it into practice? 你们的计划合情合理。你们打算怎样实现它呢?

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The plan began to be put into operation. 这计划已经开始实施。

    The regulations have been put into practice on a trial basis. 这些规定已开始试行。

  2. 把…译成,用…表达 express a thought in words; translate sth into another language

    Put this sentence into other words. 用另外的话来表达句子。

    I'll try to put my ideas into words. 我尽量把我的想法用言语表达出来。

    I found it difficult to put my feelings into words. 我难于用语言来表达自己的感情。

    I don't know how to put that into English. 我不知道怎样把它译成英语。

    Can you put the poem into English? 你能把那首诗译成英语吗?

    The veteran soldier put his life story into a novel. 这个退伍的老兵把自己的生平写成一部小说。

put it on
  1. 夸张 exaggerate a show of feeling

    That's rather putting it on. 那是夸大其词。

  2. 索价过高 overcharge

    Some of the hotels put it on during the holiday season. 在旅游旺季,有些旅馆提高收费。

    Don't buy from that shop; they put it on. 不要买那个商店的东西,他们要价过高。

put off1( v.+adv. )
  1. 〔说明〕 put off通常不用于进行体。
  2. 延期,推迟 delay put sth ⇔ off

    We put off the trip.我们把这次旅行推迟了。

    They put off the picnic because of the rain.因为下雨,他们推迟了野餐。

    They decided to put the meeting off until after Christmas.他们决定把会议推迟到圣诞节以后。

    He had to put off his trip to Japan for two weeks.他只得把他的日本之行推迟两个星期。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Owing to the state of the ground, the match has been put off.由于场地状况不佳,比赛推迟了。

    The appointment was put off because of his illness.由于他生病而推迟了约会。

    put off v-ing

    If you think you are sick you should not put off going to the doctor.如果你觉得有病,不应该拖,快去看医生。

    There is always a temptation to put off doing an unpleasant task as long as one can.对于不合意的差使,人们尽可能迟迟不做。

    Don't put off making the arrangements until the last minute.不要拖到最后一分钟才进行安排。

  3. 阻碍做某事 deter from doing sth put sb ⇔ off

    I wanted to say something, but her face quite put me off.我本来要说几句,但看到她的脸色,又没有勇气开口了。

    We are going there tomorrow — not even bad weather could put us off.我们明天要去那儿,即使天气不好也要去。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    They had intended going into the country for the day, but were put off by reports of traffic jams.他们本来打算那天到乡下去,但听说交通堵塞就作罢了。

  4. 使泄气,使不愉快 discourage; displease put sb ⇔ off

    Emil's poor condition put him off.埃米尔的恶劣处境使他大不愉快。

    Her failure in algebra has put her off.她的代数不及格使她甚感沮丧。

    We are not going to allow a little difficulty like that to put us off.我们不能让这样一个小小的困难就使我们泄气。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She has been put off by his offensive remarks.由于他出言不逊,她感到不高兴。

    Don't be put off by the price; it's worth much more really.不要被价格吓住,其实那东西的价值远远超过了其价格。

    Don't be put off by a little difficulty like that.别因为这么一点点困难就泄气。

  5. (停车)让某人下车 stop and allow sb to leave a vehicle put sb ⇔ off

    Ask the conductor to put you off at the Odeon .告诉售票员在奥汀提醒你下车。

    Would you please put me off at the railway station?请让我在火车站下车。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Where do you want to be put off?你在哪儿下车?

  6. 使分心 distract sb's attention put sb ⇔ off

    I don't like music playing when I'm working. It puts me off.我不喜欢工作时放音乐,那会使我分心。

    He was just going to hit the ball when somebody sneered and put him off.正当他要去击这个球时,有人在一旁发出嘲笑声,使他分了心。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    If I am once put off I find it very difficult to recapture the same train of thought.我一旦受到打扰,发觉自己很难回到原来的思路上来。

    The singer was put off by a sudden noise outside, and was unable to continue.那位歌手受到外面突然的喧闹声的干扰,他唱不下去了。

  7. 关掉 turn off put sth ⇔ off

    We forgot to put off the radio before we went out.出门前我们忘了关收音机。

    Please put off all the lights as you leave the building.离开这栋楼房时,请你把所有的灯都关上。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Under the official regulations the central heating was put off on March 15th each year.按正式规定,每年3月15日停止供应暖气。

  8. 敷衍,推诿 make excuses and try to avoid sth that one has promised to do or ought to do put sb ⇔ off

    When he asked her to name a day for their wedding, she put him off.当他要她订个结婚的日子时,她却支支吾吾不说。

    He tried to put me off with a vague promise.他企图以含糊的许诺来敷衍我。

    He put her off with the excuse that he had too much work to do.他借口有很多工作要做,把她打发走了。

    He'll probably try and put you off by promising to pay next week; but don't believe him.他很可能会答应下星期付账而设法把你敷衍过去,你可不要听他的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I'm not going to be put off with that excuse.我不会被那个借口敷衍过去的。

    I won't be put off with such vague promises.这种含混的诺言是敷衍不了我的。

  9. 脱去(衣、帽等) take off put sth ⇔ off

    It's warm outside.Put your coat off.外面较暖和,把大衣脱了吧。

    Please put off your shoes before entering this holy building.在进入这所神圣的殿堂之前,请把鞋脱掉。

  10. 丢弃,摆脱 rid oneself of put sth ⇔ off

    You must put off your doubts.你必须消除你的疑虑。

    He had put off all personal cares.他已摆脱了一切个人的牵挂。

    It's time to put off those foolish ideas and become serious.该丢弃那些愚蠢的想法,慎重考虑了。

    It's good to have put off the responsibility of the chairmanship.不当主席,无官一身轻,这太好了。

put off2( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 put off通常不用于进行体。 put sb off sb/sth/v-ing
  2. 让(某人)下(车) allow or cause sb to leave a vehicle

    Please put me off the train at the station serving the airport. 请让我在去飞机场的车站下火车。

  3. 使不感兴趣,倒胃口 discourage sb from liking sb/sth

    The smell put me off my food. 这味道使我反胃,我不想吃东西了。

    The mere smell of garlic put him off his supper. 他一闻到蒜味就对晚饭没胃口了。

    The smell of your cigarette puts me off finishing my meal. 你的烟味使我无法吃完这顿饭。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Don't be put off him by his appearance; he's actually quite a charming person. 不要因为他的外表而起反感,实际上他是个非常可爱的人。

    The students were put off learning psychology by the teacher's monotonous method of teaching. 教师单调的教学方法使学生对学习心理学不感兴趣。

  4. 使注意力从…上移开 distract sb's attention from

    Don't talk; it puts him off his game. 不要讲话,这样会干扰他的比赛。

put on1( v.+adv. )
  1. 穿上,戴上 wear or place (sth, especially clothing) on the body

    Put on your coat; it's pretty cold outside. 穿上你的外套,外面很冷。

    He put on his best clothes for the party. 为参加晚会他穿上了最好的衣服。

    The mother put on a sweater for the baby. 母亲为孩子穿上毛衣。

    Mary put on her scarf and left the room. 玛丽戴上围巾离开了房间。

    He put on his hat and went out of the office without a word. 他戴上帽子,一言未发走出了办公室。

    The trees have put on their new coats of green. 树木披上了新绿。

  2. 上演,演出; 展览 perform (a play, show, etc.) on a stage; exhibit

    The actor put on a fine performance. 这个演员表演得不错。

    They are going to put on Hamlet . 他们将上演《哈姆雷特》。

    We're putting the play on again next week owing to its success. 由于该剧很成功,我们打算下星期再次上演。

    We are going to put on an exhibition of cultural relics next Tuesday. 我们下周二要举办一个文物展览。

  3. 假装,装出 pretend

    She's not really ill; she puts it on to get people's sympathy. 她没有真病,她是假装生病以博得人们的同情。

    He puts on a smile which makes other people feel more trustable with him. 他装出一副笑脸,这使人们更信任他。

    He put on a pretence of bravery, but everybody knew that it was false. 他装出一副勇敢的样子,可大家都知道这是假的。

    She always puts on a posh voice to talk to the vicar. 她总是装腔作势,用一种优雅的嗓音跟教区牧师讲话。

    He put on an air of innocence, but it did not deceive us. 他装出一副清白的样子,但骗不了我们。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Her modesty is all put on; at heart she is very vain. 她的谦逊全是假装的,内心里她是很虚荣的。

  4. 增加 increase (speed); gain (weight)

    I put on six pounds while I was on holiday. 我在度假期间,体重增加了6磅。

    He has put on weight during the last two months. 他上两个月里体重增加了。

    The motorboat put on speed as soon as it left the pier. 汽船一离开码头就加快了速度。

    We may manage to get there in time if we put on a spurt. 如果我们跑快一些,我们可能会准时赶到那里。

    The one-thousand-meter runner put on an extra burst of speed and won the race. 一个一千米赛跑运动员使劲加快速度,终于获得了优胜。

  5. 打开 make start working

    Put the light on, please. 请把灯打开。

    She put the radio on to listen to the news. 她打开收音机收听新闻。

    Please put on the tape. Let's listen to the music. 请放盘录音带,咱们听听音乐吧。

  6. 做饭菜 cook

    She forgot to put the dinner on. 她忘记烧菜做饭了。

    He put the lunch on immediately after he came home. 一回到家他就开始做饭。

  7. 利用; 欺骗 take advantage of; deceive

    She is the kind of person who will put on others if it will serve her ends. 她是那种如能达到目的就会利用别人的人。

    When he told me that he could speak several languages,I know he was putting me on. 当他告诉我他会说好几种语言时,我知道他是在骗我。

    Don't believe him. He's just putting us on! 别信他,他在骗我们。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Don't let yourself be put on by that lazy, selfish liar. 你不要被那个又懒、又自私的撒谎者利用。

  8. 装(船,火车,飞机) load (ship, train, plane)

    The workers are bringing things to put on the ship. 工人正在运货装船。

    The fishermen are putting on their boat. 渔民们正在装船。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Extra buses are put on during rush hours. 高峰期间增开公共汽车。

  9. 把(钟、表的针)向前拨 move the hands of a clock or watch forwards

    He forgot to put the clock on last night. 昨晚他忘了把钟拨快。

    Have you put the clock on one hour? 你已把钟拨快一小时了吗?

put on2( v.+prep. )
  1. 把…放在…上 place sth on

    Put the plates gently on the table; they are very delicate. 把盘子轻轻放在桌上,这些盘子非常易碎。

    She put a finger on her lips to signal silence. 她把一个手指放在嘴上,示意安静。

    Putting the child on his back, he continued the long way home. 他背着孩子,继续走在漫长的回家路上。

    Our grandparents never seriously imagined that we would be able to put a man on the moon. 我们的祖辈从来没正经地想到过我们真能把人送到月球上去。

  2. 增加费用 add to the cost of

    The rise in taxation will put pounds on the cost of living. 提高税收将使生活费用大大增加。

    The restaurant puts an additional charge on the bill to cover increased costs. 这家饭店在账单上添了一项附加费,以弥补成本的提高。

    The government has put yet another tax on cigarettes. 政府又增加了一项烟税。

  3. 押赌注 bet or risk money on sth, especially on a horse

    I put £5 on Black Beauty in the two o'clock at Newmarket. 在纽马克特赛马场2点钟开始的那场马赛中,我把5英镑赌注压在了“黑美人”那匹马上。

    I don't want to put any money on this match. 我不想为这场比赛赌任何钱。

    Foolishly, he put all his possessions on the result of the card game. 他愚蠢地把全部财产都压在纸牌游戏上。

    Many people are putting their money on Jim to win the race. 许多人下了赌注,认为吉姆会赢得这场赛跑比赛。

    I think it will stay fine, but I wouldn't put money on it. 我认为天气将继续放晴,但我不会在这上面打赌。

  4. 强使承担(责任等); 把…塞给… impose sth on sb; press sth on sb

    He put the fault on me. 他把过失推给我。

    Why are you trying to put the blame on me? 你为什么总想把责任推到我身上呢?

    Parents put heavy duties on their children. 父母把重担压在孩子身上。

    We shall have to put a limit on government spending. 我们将不得不限制政府的开支。

  5. 分配任务 assign sb some work or task

    Who are you putting on the special report? 你让谁作那个专门的报告呢?

    Put none but Americans on guard tonight. 今夜只让美国人担任警戒。

put out( v.+adv. )
  1. 伸出 hold out; extend put sth ⇔ out

    It's rude to put out your tongue at people.对人吐舌头是不礼貌的。

    After a couple of minutes,I casually put out my hand, took the last biscuit and glanced at the man.几分钟以后,我漫不经心地伸出手,拿出最后一块饼干,并且瞥了那人一眼。

    As the spring is coming, all the trees are beginning to put out green buds.春天来了,树木都开始吐出绿色的嫩芽。

  2. 扑灭; 熄灭 extinguish; cause to stop burning put sth ⇔ out

    They quickly put out the fire.他们迅速将火扑灭。

    Be sure to put out the light before you go to bed.你上床前务必熄灯。

    The firemen worked hard but were not able to put out the fire.消防队员费了很大劲,但未能将火扑灭。

    A downpour of rain put out the children's bonfire.一阵大雨把孩子们的营火都浇灭了。

    Smoking is forbidden here. Please put your cigarette out.这里禁止吸烟,请将您的烟熄灭。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The fire was soon put out.火很快就扑灭了。

  3. 生产; 制造 produce; turn out; generate put sth ⇔ out

    The company puts out 25 new machines every month.这家公司每个月推出25台新机器。

    The firm puts out 1000 bales of cotton sheeting every week.这家公司每周生产出1000包棉质被单布。

    The firm has put out an increased number of bicycles this month.这家公司这个月提高了自行车的产量。

    The engine puts out thirty horsepower.这台发动机可产生30匹马力。

    This engine puts out more electric current than the other one.这台发电机比另一台发的电多。

  4. 出版; 发行; 发布 publish; issue; broadcast put sth ⇔ out

    They have already put out a new periodical.他们已经出版了一种新的期刊。

    The printers put out three numbers of the magazine in the first year.这些出版商第一年出版了三期杂志。

    They put out fifty new books last season.上一季度,他们出了五十种新书。

    The government will put out a new statement tomorrow.政府将于明天发布一项新声明。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    This magazine is put out every Friday.这份杂志每星期五出版。

  5. 驶出,离开 move out; leave put out

    We put out at the crack of dawn.我们在破晓时起航。

    Fishermen usually put out to sea in the early morning.渔民通常清早出海打鱼。

    The ship put out to sea.船出海航行。

    A coast guard boat put out through the waves.一艘海岸巡逻艇破浪驶离海岸。

  6. 把…送到外面去做 give sth to be done off the premises put sth ⇔ out

    We put out the washing.我们把要洗的衣服送到洗衣店去洗。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    All repairs are done on the premises and not put out.全部修缮都在家里进行,不送到外面去做。

  7. 使感不便; 添麻烦; 费力,不辞辛劳 cause inconvenience to; take trouble put sb/oneself ⇔ out

    We are so sorry to put you out by arriving so late.很抱歉,我们这么晚才到,麻烦你了。

    Would it put you out to spare you just a few minutes?耽误你几分钟时间会打乱你的计划吗?

    Will it put you out if I bring another guest?我如果再带一个客人来,会不会给你增添麻烦?

    Please don't put yourself out. I can do it myself.不麻烦你了,我可以自己做这件事。

    He could help us if he would be willing to put himself out a little.如果他愿意出点力,他能够帮助我们的。

    Mother was always willing to put herself out to help people.母亲总是不嫌麻烦地去帮助人。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    He was very much put out by the late arrival of his guests.客人姗姗来迟使他大感不便。

  8. 激怒(某人); 使困惑不安 annoy or anger sb; cause to be worried put sb ⇔ out

    He never compromises on matters of principle and doesn't care who he puts out.在原则问题上他从不妥协,不怕得罪人。

    You could tell that his rudeness had put her out by the way she slammed the door.从她砰地一声把门关上的样子你就可以断定,他的粗暴惹得她生气了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    She was put out by her husband's remark.她被她丈夫的话惹恼了。

    She was very much put out by your rudeness.你的鲁莽使她受窘。

    The traveller was much put out by the loss of his bag.这个旅客因为丢失了手提包而烦恼。

    She never gets put out even by the most difficult matters.最困难的事也不会使她担忧。

    He seemed greatly put out by the arrival of the new workers.这些新工人的到来似乎使他非常恼火。

  9. 使脱关节,使脱臼 cause to be out of joint; dislocate put sth ⇔ out

    He slipped on the stairs and put his ankle out.他在楼梯上滑了一跤,踝关节脱臼了。

    I can't play tennis today; I've put my shoulder out.我今天不能打网球,因为我的肩膀脱臼了。

put over( v.+adv. )
  1. 把…讲清楚 get accepted or understood

    He wasn't elected because he didn't put his ideas over clearly enough. 他没当选,因为他不能清楚地表达他的想法。

  2. 推迟 put off

    I'd like to put the meeting over till Saturday so as not to interfere with my work. 我想把会议推迟到周六以便不影响我的工作。

  3. 成功完成 carry out successfully

    He put over a complex and difficult business deal. 他成功地做了一笔复杂而困难的交易。

put through1( v.+adv. )
  1. 〔说明〕 put through通常不用于进行体。 put sb/sth ⇔ through
  2. 实行; 完成 carry sth out

    At last we successfully put through the business deal. 最终我们成功地完成了这笔交易。

    At the moment, we are trying to put through this programme. 现在我们正试图实施这一计划。

  3. 接通(电话) connect by telephone

    Please put me through to the Manager. 请替我接通经理的电话。

    Would you please put me through to the dean's office? 请给我接教务长办公室。

put through2( v.+prep. )
  1. 使…经历 cause sb to experience

    The police put him through a severe examination. 警方对他严加询问。

    They put all the students through the replacement examination. 他们让所有的学生参加分班考试。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The trainees were put through an assault course. 受训人员学习了突击训练课程。

  2. 使…通过 make sth pass through any process

    These proposals have to be put through several committees. 这些提议必须在几个委员会上通过。

put to( v.+prep. )
  1. 〔说明〕 put to通常不用于进行体。 put sb/sth to sth/v-ing
  2. 用(某种方法)检验 test sth by using the stated means

    Let's put the matter to a vote. 让我们以投票方式解决这件事。

    We can't tell if the product will be successful until we have put it to the trial. 在这产品通过检验之前,我们都不能说此产品是否成功。

    Her first public performance will certainly put the young singer to the test. 那年轻歌手第一次公演无疑对她是一次考验。

  3. 在…上添加… add sth to sth

    Can you put words to his music? 你能给他的曲子填词吗?

  4. 使(某人)进入或处于(某种状态) cause sb to reach or be in sth such as a state

    She put the child to sleep. 她把孩子放上床睡觉。

    This gas will put you to sleep during the operation. 这种气体将使你在手术中处于睡眠状态。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    Anyone who opposes the king will be put to death. 任何反对国王的人都将被处死。

  5. 从事,使(某人)致力于做某事 be engaged in

    He put his child to shoemaking. 他让孩子去学做鞋。

    Will you put the men to clearing the road so that there is room for our cars to get through? 你能让这些人清扫一下这条路以便让我们的车辆通过吗?

    The sudden appearance overhead of our planes was enough to put the enemy to flight. 我们的飞机突然出现在敌人的头顶上就足以使他们逃窜。

  6. 把…毁掉 ruin; finish completely

    The accident has put paid to his chances of taking part in the race. 这次事故使他参加赛跑的机会成了泡影。

put together( v.+adv. )
  1. 组成整体 form a whole by combining parts put sth ⇔ together

    It's easier to take a machine to pieces than to put it together again.拆卸一部机器比重新装配起来容易。

    I must put my thoughts together before I go on the platform.在走上讲台讲演之前,我要把我的思绪整理一下。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    This toy can be taken apart and put together with ease.这个玩具可容易地拆开再装起来。

put two and two together
  1. 得出结论 draw a conclusion from some small details

    Some people can put two and two together and get three. 有些人能从现有的根据中举一反三。

    He didn't tell me that he loves her, but I put two and two together. 他没有告诉我他爱她,但我根据事实看得出来。

put up( v.+adv. )
  1. 举起; 抬起 raise; hold up put sth ⇔ up

    Please put up your hand if you have any questions.谁要有问题,就请举手。

    He put up his umbrella to keep off the rain.他撑起伞去遮雨。

    Girls used to put their hair up on their seventeenth birthdays.过去的姑娘17岁生日时就把头发束起来。

    Would you please help me to put the shelf up? I can't do it myself.你能帮我把书橱抬起来吗?我自己干不了。

  2. 建立; 竖起 build put sth ⇔ up

    They put up a tent when they go there.他们一到那里就支起了帐篷。

    I want to put up a fence between our property and our neighbour's.我要在我们和邻居的地产之间修道篱笆。

    They put up many buildings last year.去年他们盖了许多高楼。

    The Smiths are going to put up a new house.史密斯家准备建造新居。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    These buildings were put up in 1972.这些楼建于1972年。

    The new library will be put up soon.新的图书馆将很快建造起来。

    A new supermarket will be put up in this neighborhood next year.明年要在这个居民区建一家超级市场。

    Has the machinery been put up ready for the broadcast?广播器材安装完毕了吗?

  3. 张贴 fix sth to a wall or board put sth ⇔ up

    We'd better put up a notice here.我们最好在这儿贴一张通知。

    The students put up a poster on the bulletin board.学生们在布告栏上贴了一张海报。

    You are not allowed to put up advertisements on this wall without special permission.未经特别允许,不许在这面墙上张贴广告。

    It was the old man who put up the “FOR RENT” sign.是一位老人贴出了“出租”的招牌。

    It's time we put up the Christmas decorations in the living room.我们该在起居室里布置一些圣诞装饰物了。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The notice was put up by the editorial board of the school journal.布告是校刊编委会贴的。

    The names of the candidates will be put up on the college notice board.候选人的名字将贴在学院的广告牌上。

  4. 投宿; 留宿 find or provide food and lodging put up

    We put up for the night at a farmhouse.我们在一间农舍投宿了一夜。

    We put up at a small hotel on the outskirts of the town.我们在一家位于镇郊的小旅馆住宿。

    You're welcome to put up in my home for the night.欢迎你在我家过夜。

    put sb ⇔ up

    We can easily put you up for the night.我们可以毫不费事地安排你过夜。

    When the travellers went to the inn, the innkeeper put them up comfortable for the night.旅客们到达旅店后,店主把他们舒舒服服地安顿下来过夜。

  5. 提高; 增加 raise; increase put sth ⇔ up

    The workers try to put up productivity.工人设法提高生产率。

    We are planning to put up the rate of interest.我们正计划提高利率。

    Every time a new tenant moves into that flat, he puts up the rent a bit more.每当新房客住进那套公寓,他总要把租金提高一点。

    Universities have just put up their fees.各个大学刚刚提高了学费。

    The grocer's put the price of coffee up again .杂货商又将咖啡的价格提高了。

    It's necessary to put the wages up on the basis of increasing production.需要在增加生产的基础上增加工资。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The government has promised that taxes will not be put up again this year.政府已经许诺今年不再增加税收。

  6. 竞选; 提名为候选人,推荐为会员 offer oneself for election; propose for election; nominate for membership put up

    Do you really intend to put up for that seat?你真的打算自荐为那个职位的候选人吗?

    He has not made up his mind whether or not to put up for mayor again this year.他尚未决定今年是否再次竞选市长。

    put sb ⇔ up

    The Liberals are putting Jim up again in the election.自由党在竞选中再次提名吉姆。

    Though some suggested putting up Johnson as a candidate, the majority seemed to be for Jones.虽然有些人提名约翰逊为候选人,但大多数人却似乎赞成琼斯。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    His name was put up for chairman of the committee.他被提名为该委员会主席。

  7. 提供 offer; supply put sth ⇔ up

    He'll supply the skill if you put up 80,000 yuan capital.如果你出80,000元资金,他将提供技术。

    The millionaire put up a lot of money for the church.这位百万富翁为教会捐了许多钱。

    The State decided to put up another two million yuan to expand the enterprise.国家决定再拨200万元来扩建这个企业。

  8. 进行 undergo; perform put sb/sth ⇔ up

    The drivers have put up a fierce struggle against their employer.司机与雇主展开了激烈的斗争。

    They put up stubborn resistance.他们进行了顽强的抵抗。

    He put up a good fight against his sickness.他同疾病作顽强的斗争。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Very little resistance was put up by the enemy.敌人没怎么进行抵抗。

  9. 提出 present; offer put sth ⇔ up

    You have put up a good case, but I still have to decide against you.你提出了一个很好的例证,但是我仍不得不提出异议。

    What excuse can you put up for your actions?你能提出什么理由来为你的行为辩解呢?

    Here,I'd like to put up an idea for your consideration.我想在这儿提个意见供你考虑。

  10. 包装 pack in parcels, boxes, etc. put sth ⇔ up

    The farmers put up the apples in barrels.农夫们把苹果装入桶内。

    She put up a parcel for her daughter, who was away at college.她为在外地上大学的女儿打包。

    Mother will put up a packed meal for us to take on our walk.母亲将把饭包起来让我们带着在路上吃。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    The medicine is put up in small bottles.药被装进小瓶里。

put up to( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 教唆 encourage; give sb the idea of (sth or doing sth usually wrong)

    He put them up to mischief. 他唆使他们捣乱。

    Who put you up to all these tricks? 谁教唆你做这些骗人的事的?

    Miranda was caught shoplifting, but she said that somebody put her up to it. 米兰达因冒充顾客进商店行窃被抓住了,但她说她是受人唆使才这样做的。

    Older boys put them up to painting the statue red. 大孩子唆使他们把塑像漆成红色。

  2. 向…通告 suggest; offer to

    Please put the new office boy up to his duties. 请告诉那位新来的勤杂工他该做些什么工作。

    No impostor could deceive him; someone had put him up to all their tricks. 任何骗子也骗不了他,有人已经把他们的一切圈套告诉了他。

put up with( v.+adv.+prep. )
  1. 忍受,容忍 bear; tolerate put up with sb/sth

    I can't put up with her another day; she never stops complaining.她整天抱怨,我一天也不能忍受了。

    It isn't easy to put up with people who are impolite.没有礼貌的人是令人难以容忍的。

    I don't see how Jack can put up with his wife.我不知道杰克如何能忍受得了他的老婆。

    We had to put up with a lot of noise when the children were at home.孩子们在家时,他们吵吵嚷嚷我们也得忍受。

    Why should we put up with such terrible working conditions?我们为什么要忍受这么恶劣的工作条件呢?

    I can't put up with this toothache any longer.我再也忍受不了这样的牙疼了。

    I can no longer put up with his rude behavior.我再也不能容忍他的粗鲁行为了。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+副词+介词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Wear thy good rapier bare, and put it home.

    出自:Othello,Shakespeare

put的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. put的基本含义是“放,搁”,指将某物安放在一个固定的地点,使其形成某种状态。引申还可作“提出,提交”“估算,估价,评价”“使从事活动,使致力于”“推,送”“将…看作,将…列为”“(航海)前进,继续行程”解。
  2. put主要用作及物动词,后接名词或代词作宾语。也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词to/for的宾语。有时还可接以形容词、副词或介词短语充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. put的过去式和过去分词均为put。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
put out, blow out
这两个短语的意思不同, blow out的意思是“吹灭”; put out的意思是“熄灭”。例如:
You may put out a candle by blowing it out.你可以通过用嘴吹的方式把蜡烛熄灭。
put out, go out
这两个短语的共同意思是“熄灭”。其区别是:
go out用如不及物动词,意思是主体自行熄灭,其后不加宾语; 而put out是主体使客体(如灯、火等)熄灭,其后必须有宾语。试比较下面两个句子意思的不同:
  • The lamp went out. 灯灭了。
  • He put out the lamp. 他把灯关了。
put up, set up
这两个短语在表示“竖起,挂起”和“建立”时可互换,只是put up更常用些,但在表示“成立”“建立”某一机构、团体时,只能用set up。
put up with, bear, endure, stand, suffer, tolerate
参见bear条。
put on, dress, have on, wear
这组词语都有“穿”或“穿衣”的意思。其区别是:
1.在表示“穿着”时, wear和have on可以互换。
2.dress仅限于表示“穿衣服”; put on可表示“穿上衣服”或“戴上眼镜、帽子等”; wear和put on则可表示一般的“穿”或“戴”; 留胡子则用wear来表示。
3.put on只表示动作; wear和have on均表示状态; dress则既可表示动作也可表示状态。
4.put on是瞬间动词; wear和have on都是持续性动词; dress则既可作持续性动词,也可作瞬间动词。
5.have on不能用于进行时态,其他3个词则可以。
put, lay, place, set
这组词的共同意思是“放置”。其区别是:
lay强调把某物放置或使某物处于水平位置;而set指使某物处于直立的位置;put强调把某物移进或移出某处或某位置,或使处于某种地位、情况或关系的动作;place则不强调动作,而强调某一确定的地点或情况。例如:
You placed me in a difficult position.你使我陷入了窘境。
I put the suitcase on the table.我把手提箱搁在桌上。
They were setting the table for dinner.他们正在摆餐具准备开饭。
下面各组中两个句子的意思相同:
  • I'd put him down as an uneducated man.
  • I'd put him down for an uneducated man.
  • 我认为他是个没有受过教育的人。
  • Lady Wang and Xi Feng were hard put to it to soothe her.
  • Lady Wang and Xi Feng were hard put to soothe her.
  • 王夫人和熙凤都感到十分为难,无法 安慰她。
lay place put set
这些动词均有“放”之意。
  • lay:lay指小心地把人或物平放或横放,侧重动作安稳。
  • place:place较正式用词,指把某物放在一个正确的位置上,侧重动作的正确。
  • put:put普通用词,含义较广泛。指把人或物置于某处,并将其留在该处。
  • set:set普通用词,指为了某种目的而将人或物放在一定位置上。指物时多指立着放。

常见错误

v.(动词)
  1. 今天那个女孩穿着一件漂亮的连衣裙。

    The girl puts on a beautiful dress today.

    The girl wears a beautiful dress today.

    put on和wear都表示“穿,戴”,前者强调“穿”的动作,后者强调“穿”的状态。

  2. 他决定延期去上海了。

    He decided to put off to go to Shanghai.

    He decided to put off going to Shanghai.

    put off表示“推迟,延期”,后面不能接动词不定式作宾语,可接名词或动名词。

  3. 他不能忍受那里的工作条件。

    He was unable to put up the working conditions there.

    He was unable to put up with the working conditions there.

    表示“忍受”可说put up with, with不可省略。

  4. 我让那本书在架子上放了一个小时。

    I have put the book on the shelf for an hour.

    I have kept the book on the shelf for an hour.

    It is an hour since I put the book on the shelf.

    I put the book on the shelf an hour ago.

    put不能表示持续性的状态,通常不能用于完成体,也不能与表示一段时间的状语连用。

  5. 既然她不回答,我想她是害怕和紧张了。

    Since she did not answer,I put down her as fearful and nervous.

    Since she did not answer,I put her down as fearful and nervous.

    通常只说put sb down as,而不说put down sb as。

  6. 他把一只手放在我的肩上。

    He putted a hand on my shoulder.

    He put a hand on my shoulder.

    put的过去式和过去分词都是put。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自晚期古英语的putung,意为煽动,驱使;最初源自日耳曼语的setm。

put的相关资料:

正版词典

put : 置,放,使 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

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缩略词

put的相关缩略词,共有17

互动百科

  • put:put vt. 放, 摆, 安置, 表达, 迫使, 移动, 提出, 赋予vi. 出发, 航行, 发芽, 击n. 掷, 投击, 笨蛋, 怪人vbl. put的过去式和过去分词adj. 固定不动的 英英解…

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