compel

  核心词汇  
[kəm'pel]     [kəm'pel]    
  • v. 强迫;迫使;使不得已
compellable compellably compeller compelled compelled compelling compels
new

compel的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 强迫,迫使,胁迫,逼迫,逼着
  2. 强求,强使发生
  3. 使不得不,使...身不由主,使必须
  4. 迫使...俯首就范,迫使屈服
  5. 说服
  6. 引起反应
  7. 推动
  8. 以强力获得,强制获得,强取,强求
  9. 使…集在一起,把赶在一起

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 强迫,使不得不 do sth by or as if by force, to make necessary

英英释义

Verb:
  1. force somebody to do something;

    "We compel all students to fill out this form"

  2. necessitate or exact;

    "the water shortage compels conservation"

compel的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. Nothing can compel me to do such a thing.
    没有什么可以强迫我做这件事。
  2. I was compelled to do so by absolute necessity.
    我因绝对的需要,被迫这样做的。
  3. The heavy rain compelled us to stay indoors.
    大雨迫使我们呆在户内。
  4. Duty compelled the soldiers to volunteer for the mission.
    责任驱使军人必须志愿加入此任务
  5. Her intelligence and skill compel our admiration.
    她的聪明和技巧使我们非常佩服。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I will not go unless you compel me.
    除非强迫我,否则我不去。
  2. His courage and skill compel our admiration.
    他的勇气和技巧使我们都很钦佩。
  3. She always compels admiration.
    她总能使人崇拜她。
  4. Energy crisis compels fuel conservation.
    能源危机使人们必须节约燃料。
  5. A policeman can compel obedience to the law.
    警察能迫使人服从法律。
  6. Such a breeze compelled your canvas.
    这微风吹动你的帆。
用作宾补动词 S+~+sb+to- v
  1. The rain compelled us to stay indoors.
    下雨使我们不得不呆在室内。
  2. Circumstances compelled them to drop their plan.
    当时的情况使他们不得不放弃那项计划。
  3. 1
  4. Our car broke down, and we were compelled to walk to the station.
    我们的汽车抛了锚,我们只好步行去车站。
  5. He was compelled to do it against his will.
    他不得不违心地做这件事。
  6. He was compelled by illness to resign.
    他因病被迫辞职。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
compel from (v.+prep.)
    迫使 force sb to do sth
    compel sth from sb

    Do you think you can compel obedience from me?

    你以为你能压服我吗?

    You cannot compel good work from unwilling students.

    你不能迫使不肯学习的学生学习好。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Russia should unite her arms with ours, and compel that power to peace.

    出自: J. S. C. Abbott
  • A law-making body is powerless unless it can compel the judges to apply its laws.

    出自: R. Scruton

compel的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. compel的基本意思是“迫使,使不得不…”,常指利用权力、力量等迫使某人做不想做的事情或采取某种行动,有时也有别无办法的含义。
  2. compel的主语通常是法律、行为及一组条件等,也可以是人; compel的宾语一般是人,有时虽不是人,但也是与人或人的行为有关的事物。
  3. compel后常接以动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
compel, constrain, force, oblige
  • 这组词的共同意思是“强迫”,都常用于被动结构。其区别在于:
  • 1.compel指使用权力或各种手段迫使对方去做某事或处于某种状态; force主要指用武力或强制的办法去完成某事; constrain指由于受外界压力或环境的影响,迫使某人做某事,也可指受良心、情感或饥饿等方面的内在力量驱使去做某事; oblige则往往是由于客观原因促使某人做某事。例如:
  • When he was a young man, he was forced to leave his homeland for political reasons.早在青年时代,因为政治原因他被迫离开自己的祖国。
  • You cannot compel good work from unwilling students.你不能迫使不肯学习的学生学习好。
  • Cold weather constrained the plant's growth.寒冷的天气抑制了植物的生长。
  • I should be obliged if you wouldn't say so.你如果不这样说,我就感谢你了。
  • 2.compel和force的主语既可以是人,也可以是物; oblige则一般以人作主语。例如:
  • When confronted by such clear evidence, the Senator was forced to eat his words in public.面对如此明白的证据,参议员只得当众收回前言。
  • Energy crisis compels fuel conservation.能源危机使人们必须节约燃料。
  • The police obliged him to leave.警方要他离开。
  • 3.在语气上, compel和oblige较弱; 而force暴力威胁的含义较强。例如:
  • He was compelled to do it against his will.他不得不违心地做这件事。
  • The school regulations oblige us to be present at school on time.校规要求我们必须按时到校。
  • The enemy was forced to get back under our massive blows.在我方的沉重打击下,敌军被迫后退。
  • compel, impel
  • 这组词都表示“迫使”的意思。其区别是:
  • compel更多地意味迫使某人屈从、同意或做他所不想做的事; impel则相近于汉语的“驱使”“促使”,如驱使某人某物向某项目标前进,或迫使某人〔物〕做某项活动。
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