let

  基本词汇  
[let]     [let]    
  • v.让;允许;(用于祈使句表建议、请求、命令)让;假设;出租
  • n.出租;阻碍;(网球等)触网重发
let let letting lets
new

let是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 假设,假定
  2. 出租,租给;承包
  3. 允许,容许
  4. 使流出;放出,排放
  5. 放,放长
  6. 让...进入
  7. 听任
  8. 使得
  9. 被承包;被人借用中
  10. 阻碍,妨害
  11. 出借
  12. 提出建议时说
n.(名词)
  1. <古>障碍,阻碍,妨碍
  2. <英>出租;出租的房屋;租客
  3. 球触网重发,球触网,发球擦网或比赛受阻碍 ,擦网球

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 让,使 allow to do or happen
  2. vt. & vi. 出租 rent
  3. vt. 放掉,松掉 stop holding

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
let : 让, 使, 通 ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
let : 让, 通过, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
let : 出租 ...
在 《金融术语英语词典 》 中查看更多...
let : 出租 ...
let : 租赁 ...
在 《外教社保险英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a brutal terrorist group active in Kashmir; fights against India with the goal of restoring Islamic rule of India;

    "Lashkar-e-Toiba has committed mass murders of civilian Hindus"

  2. a serve that strikes the net before falling into the receiver's court; the ball must be served again

Verb:
  1. make it possible through a specific action or lack of action for something to happen;

    "This permits the water to rush in"
    "This sealed door won't allow the water come into the basement"
    "This will permit the rain to run off"

  2. actively cause something to happen;

    "I let it be known that I was not interested"

  3. consent to, give permission;

    "She permitted her son to visit her estranged husband"
    "I won't let the police search her basement"
    "I cannot allow you to see your exam"

  4. cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition;

    "He got his squad on the ball"
    "This let me in for a big surprise"
    "He got a girl into trouble"

  5. leave unchanged;

    "let it be"

  6. grant use or occupation of under a term of contract;

    "I am leasing my country estate to some foreigners"

let的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. I won't let him get away with that excuse.
    我不会让他用那种借口蒙混过去。
  2. I don't agree with all you say, but I'll let it go at that.
    我并不完全同意你说的话,但我不再多说了。
  3. No visitors are let into the committee meetings.
    委员会会议不允许任何访问者闯入。
  4. Let me have a look at this watch.
    把这只表让我看看。
  5. Let the line AB be equal to the line XY.
    假设ab 线与XY 线相等。
  6. Let ABC be an angle of ninety degrees .
    假设ABC为90度的角。
  7. The shop is let on very favourable terms.
    该商店以特惠条件出租。
  8. I asked her if she had any rooms to let.
    我问她有没有房间出租。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I can't get a let for my house.
    我的房子租不出去。
  2. Please allow the bearer of this passport to pass freely without let or hindrance.
    请予护照持有人顺利通行。
  3. If you hit a let,you can serve again.
    如果发了擦网球,可以再发一次。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The house does not let well.
    房子不易租出去。
  2. The house lets for 50 dollars a month.
    这房子出租,租金一个月50美元。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. I let my spare rooms.
    我出租空房。
  2. We're hoping to let this field.
    我们希望把这块地租出去。
  3. The farmers near cities are working part of their land themselves and are letting the rest.
    城市附近的农民自己耕种一部分土地,出租其余的部分。
S+~+to/- v
  1. He let drop a hint of his intentions.
    他故意吐露了一点他的意向。
  2. She let drive at me with a stone.
    她拿一石头朝我掷来。
  3. Let fly with the left foot!
    用左脚射门!
  4. Bob was so angry that he let fly the ball in his hand at me.
    鲍勃非常生气,用手里的球朝我打来。
用作双宾动词 S+~+ pron./n. + n./pron.
  1. Mrs. Brown let me a room.
    布朗夫人租给我一间房。
  2. The landlord says he'll let you a flat.
    房东说他可以租给你一套公寓。
S+~+ n./pron. +to pron./n.
  1. They let rooms to college students.
    他们向大学生出租房间。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron.+adj.
  1. Let the door open.
    让门开着。
S+~+ n./pron. +to/- v
  1. She asked me if she could leave but I wouldn't let her leave.
    她问我是否可以走了,但我不让她走。
  2. Let the people air their views.
    让群众发表自己的意见。
  3. We'll let his family know that he is in danger.
    我们得马上通知他的家属,他的处境很危险。
  4. It's not a serious error;we can let it pass.
    这不是个严重的错误,算了吧。
  5. Let me try.
    让我试一下。
  6. Mother let me go to camp.
    母亲让我去参加露营。
  7. Let me have a look, will you?
    让我看一看好吗?
  8. Please let me know what happens.
    请告诉我进展情况。
  9. Let us not talk of that matter.
    咱们就不谈这事了吧。
  10. Let us know the time of your arrival.
    请告诉我们你到达的时间。
  11. Let's go to school.
    咱们上学去吧。
  12. Let's try to get to the cinema just before it lets out.
    咱们争取在快散场的时候到电影院。
  13. They are not going to let themselves be used to pull anybody's chestnuts out of the fire.
    他们不会允许自己被利用来为别人火中取栗。
  14. You can't let the farm be neglected like this.
    你不能让这农场这样荒芜下去。
  15. Let line BE be equal to line CF.
    假设BE线与CF线等长。
  16. Let ABC be an angle of 45.
    假设角ABC为45度。
  17. 用于be ~ed结构
  18. The child is let to stay at home when his parents go to work.
    父母上班时,这孩子只得呆在家中。
  19. I was let to see her.
    我被允许看望她。
  20. The grass has been let to grow.
    让草长起来吧。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
let by〔pass〕 (v.+adv.)
  1. 让…过去 allow (sb/sth) to pass through let sb/sth by〔pass〕

    Let me by, please.请让我过去。

    The cars all stopped to let the fire engine by.车辆都停下来,让消防车通过。

    I shall let that remark pass.我不会去理会那种议论。

let bygones be bygones
  1. 既往不咎,过去就算了 let the past be forgotten

    We should let bygones be bygones and try to get along with each other. 我们应该不计前嫌,彼此和睦相处。

let down (v.+adv.)
  1. 放低,放下 lower or drop (sth)

    Please let down the blinds. 请把百叶窗放下来。

    She let her hair down. 她披散着头发。

    You can let a coat down by using the hem. 你可以把褶边放出来,以加长这件上衣。

    He let the tyre down. 他把轮胎中的气放掉了。

  2. 使…失望,失信 disappoint sb especially by breaking a promise

    You can trust Brooks.He'll never let you down. 你可以相信布鲁克斯,他绝不会使你失望。

    I thought I could rely on him, but he let me down. 我原以为能信赖他,可他却让我大失所望。

    I hope you won't let us down over this party. 我希望,你不会让我们对这个聚会感到失望。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    This is the second time I have been let down by you,I shall never trust you again . 我已是第二次被你拆台了,我再也不相信你了。

    He is a bit let down by the low grade he got. 这次成绩不好,他有点气馁。

let go (of) (v.+v.+prep.)
  1. 松手,放弃 stop holding;give up let go

    Don't let go.别放手。

    let go sth

    Don't let go the rope.抓牢绳子,别松手。

    Let go my shirt.放开我的衬衣。

    He was about to let go the arrow when someone called him.他正要射箭,突然有人喊他。

    let go of sb/sth

    You're mad,Kehr!For heaven's sake, let go of me!你疯了,凯尔!看在上帝份上,快放开我。

    But I let go of it, how could it burn me?我把它放掉了,它怎么会烫我的手?

    Let go of that, please.请把它放开。

    You cross the road with Granny,Ad—and don't let go of her hand till you're on the other pavement.艾德,你扶着奶奶过马路,等穿过马路后再放开奶奶的手。

    Don't let go of the handle.不要松开这把手。

let in (v.+adv.)
  1. 让…进入;放进 admit or allow (sb/sth) to enter or penetrate

    There's someone at the door;will you let him in? 门口有人,你去让他进来好吗?

    Don't let that cat in! 别把猫放进来。

    The boat is still letting water in. 小船还在进水。

    My old raincoat lets in water terribly. 我那件旧雨衣严重漏水。

    The roof lets in the rain. 这屋顶漏雨。

    These cheap boots let the rain in. 这种便宜靴子一遇雨就往里灌水。

    Please open the window and let in some fresh air. 请把窗子打开,透透新鲜空气。

    She furled the curtains to let in more sunshine. 她拉开帘子,好让更多的阳光照进来。

    If you put the insect in a matchbox, you must make holes in the lid to let some air in, or it will die. 你若是把这个虫子放进火柴盒里,你就得在盖上扎几个洞用来透气,否则虫子就会死掉。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The public are usually let in half an hour before the performance begins. 通常在演出半小时以前放观众入场。

  2. 把…降下 lower (sth) from its folded position above the stage

    Once the walls of the room are up, let in the ceiling. 房子四壁一旦支起来,就把顶篷放下来安好。

  3. 加进;嵌入 add more (cloth);sink (sth) into a surface

    He had gained so much weight that he had to let in an additional two inches of material at the waist of the dress. 他体重增加了不少,他得把衣服放开,在腰部加两英尺布料才行。

    The teacher showed us how to cut out part of the surface of the wood and let a pattern in. 老师让我们看如何把木头的表面部分挖掉一块,然后把图案镶进去。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    The doctors decided that a rubber pipe would have to be let in to enable him to breathe. 医生们决定得插一个橡皮管进去,好使他能呼吸。

  4. 容许,接受 admit (sth)

    The chairman refused to let in the possibility of doubt. 主席不容许有怀疑的余地。

    His misconduct let in a host of troubles. 他的不端行为招致了不少麻烦。

let in for (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 使…卷入 cause (sb or oneself) to have sth unwanted let sb/oneself in for sth

    His illness has let us in for a lot of extra work.他一生病,给我们增加了不少额外的负担。

    I hope you realize what you're letting yourself in for!我希望,你意识到你给自己揽了多大的麻烦!

let in on (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 〈非正〉让知道或参与 allow sb to share a secret or take part in sth let sb in on sth

    They have agreed to let the headmaster and three senior teachers in on the discussions.他们已同意让校长和三位资深教师一起参加讨论。

let into (v.+prep.)
  1. 让或放…进入 admit or allow (sb) to enter someplace or know (sth)

    Who let you into the building? 谁让你进入大楼的?

    We have let her into the secret. 我们已经把秘密告诉了她。

  2. 嵌入,插入 set sth into sth

    She let a piece of lace into her dress. 她在衣服上镶了一块花边。

    ◇ 用于 be ~ed 结构

    In order to save space, the back of the boiler had been let into the wall. 为了节省空间,锅炉的背部被嵌进墙内。

let it go at that
  1. 不再管〔说〕了,到此为止 stop taking any more trouble;agree not to say any more

    I won't argue with you. I'll let it go at that. 我不和你争论了,我不再说了。

    It's not worth continuing further, we may as well let it go at that. 这事不值得再继续了,不妨到此为止。

let loose (v.+adj.)
  1. 放出,放开 free (sb, an animal, etc.) let sb/sth loose

    Jim caught Rose's arm and would not let her loose.吉姆抓住露丝的手臂不放。

    Don't let that tiger loose.不要放开那只老虎。

    She let the balloon loose and it quickly rose into the air.她放开气球,气球很快就升上天空。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Has the dog been let loose or is it still tied up?狗已经放了还是仍在拴着?

  2. 对(某人)不加约束,听凭(某人)行事 let sb loose

    No one should let a young child loose on a car with the engine running.谁也不应该把小孩子放在发动起来的汽车里面而不加照顾。

    Who let that student loose on the class?谁让那个学生在课堂上胡闹的?

  3. 散开 scatter let loose

    The dark clouds are going to let loose soon.乌云很快就会散开。

let me see
  1. 让我想想 I'm thinking or trying to remember

    Let me see—where did I put my pen? 让我想想看——我把钢笔放哪儿了?

let off1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 让…下车或下船 allow to get off a vehicle or ship

    This train stops to let off passengers on signal. 这列火车按信号停车让旅客下车。

    The conductor won't let anybody off between stops. 在两个停车站之间,售票员是不会让任何人下车的。

  2. 引发,引爆 explode

    The terrorists let off a bomb near the building. 恐怖分子在这座楼房附近引爆了一枚炸弹。

    The children are gathering in the garden to let off the fireworks. 孩子们聚集在花园里准备放烟火。

  3. 放掉〔过〕,免除 release or excuse sb from punishment;excuse from (a task or an obligation)

    You have let him off lightly. 你轻易地放过了他。

    We won't let you off so easily next time. 我们下次绝不会这样轻易地饶恕你。

    The motorcycle let off exhaust with a loud noise and then disappeared in the distance quickly. 那辆摩托车大声地排出了一阵废气,然后很快在远处消失了。

    When men let off steam, they tend to shout;women, on the other hand, express their feelings by weeping. 男人发泄感情时,倾向于大声叫喊;而妇女则不然,她们用哭泣来发泄感情。

let off2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 放掉〔过〕,免除 release;excuse sb from punishment;excuse from (a task or an obligation) let sb off sth/v-ing

    The judge decided to let the boys off the punishment that they deserved to give them a chance.法官决定给这些男孩一个悔过自新的机会,免去他们应受的惩罚。

    You're lucky that they let you off all washing-up.你真幸运,他们免除了让你洗那些碗碟的苦差事。

    The teacher told us that he would let us off our homework.老师告诉我们不要做作业了。

    She let the boy off playing piano.她没有强迫孩子练习弹钢琴。

let on (v.+adv.)
  1. 〈非正〉泄密,透露;假装 reveal a secret;pretend;simulate let on about sth

    Don't let on about the price of the car.不要把这辆汽车的价钱泄露出去。

    Don't let on about his hiding place.别告诉别人他躲藏的地方。

    let on to-v

    Don't ever let on to know me.切记不要露出你认识我的样子。

    She let on not to understand.她假装不理解。

    let on that-clause

    Don't let on that I've let her into the secret.我已把秘密告诉了她,请别说出去。

    Don't let on that I saw him coming out of the shop late at night.不要泄露我看见他深更半夜从商店里出来这件事。

    He let on that he was a professor.他冒充他是个教授。

    let on to sb that-clause

    Don't let on to Kehr that we are going to the movie tonight.We don't want her to know.别把我们今晚去看电影的事告诉凯尔,我们不想让她知道。

let on for (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 使承担 cause to have (sth unwanted) let oneself on for sth

    He didn't know what a lot of unpaid work he was letting himself on for when he agreed to become secretary of the society.当他同意担任该协会的秘书时,他不知道他将要做多少无报酬的工作。

let oneself go
  1. 放纵,随心所欲 give free rein to;indulge

    At the party she just let herself go and had a great time. 她在晚会上纵情欢乐,玩得十分愉快。

  2. 较平常不注意外表 take less care of one's appearance than usual

    He's let himself go since Cage died. 自从凯奇死后,他变得不修边幅了。

let out (v.+adv.)
  1. 使出来,放出 allow sb/sth out;release sth let sb/oneself/sth ⇔ out (of sth)

    Let me out! I'm locked in!放我出去! 我被锁住了!

    Don't trouble to see me to the door,I'll let myself out.别麻烦送我出门了,我会自己出去的。

    I'd rather not let the children out in this wet weather, for it is very easy for them to catch a cold.在这种阴湿的天气里,我想还是不让孩子们出门,因为他们很容易感冒。

    The doctors are letting mother out of hospital next week.医生们准备让母亲下星期出院。

    If neither of us wants to go to the party, we'll have to find an excuse to let us out.如果你我都不想去参加这个聚会,我们就必须找个能使我们不去的借口。

    After six years they let him out for good behaviour.由于他表现良好,他们在关了他六年后将他释放。

    Don't let the dog out.不要把狗放出去。

    Please let the water out of the bathtub.请把浴缸里的水放掉。

    If the tyres are too hard, just let some of the air out.如果轮胎太硬,那就放点气出来好了。

    Jacelin has become so fat that his wife has had to let out his trousers several inches round the waist.杰斯林太胖了,他妻子不得不将他的裤腰放宽几英寸。

    Let out the main sail, let's make use of this wind!主帆打开,让我们乘风前进!

    She let out a terrible scream.她发出一声可怕的尖叫。

    It's good to let out your feelings in a shout.大喊大叫着发泄一下感情是有好处的。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Dade won't be let out of prison for at least six years.达德至少要坐6年牢。

    If he was given five years' imprisonment, he could be let out after three years.要是他被判5年徒刑,他就可能在3年后出狱。

  2. 〈主英〉出租(某物) allow people to use sth for a certain period, in return for payment let sth ⇔ out

    He used to let out cars by the day.他惯常按日出租汽车。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    In the park boats are let out for 30 fen per hour.那公园出租小艇,每小时租金3角。

  3. 使(火)熄灭 allow (a fire) to stop burning let sth ⇔ out

    Don't let the fire out, will you?别让火熄灭,好吗?

  4. 〈非正〉使(某人)得到解〔开〕脱 allow or make it possible for sb/sth to leave let sb ⇔ out

    “The regular teacher is back, isn't he?”“Good, that lets me out!”“那位正式教员回来了,对吗?”“好哇,那我就算解脱了。”

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    I was glad to be let out of that nasty affair, and have someone more experienced handle the trouble.我真高兴能从那件棘手的事情中解脱出来,让更有经验的人去对付那个难题。

  5. 〈非正〉打或骂(某人) hit or call one's names let out

    Cage let out in all directions but his attackers were too strong for him.凯奇左踢右打,但攻击他的人比他厉害得多。

    let out at sb

    Once he gets angry, he lets out at anyone who opposes him.他一旦生起气来,就破口大骂反对他的人。

  6. 〈美·非正〉解散,放学 end or finish let out

    School lets out at 3 o'clock.学校3点放学。

    The movie lets out at 11 o'clock.这场电影11点散场。

  7. 〈非正〉泄露秘密 allow sth to become known let sth ⇔ out

    Someone had let the news out.有人把这消息泄漏出去了。

    Keep this to yourself, don't let it out to the press.你要保守秘密,别把它泄露给新闻界。

    let out that/wh-clause

    Mary accidentally let out that her mother had telephoned.玛丽无意中说出她的母亲来过电话。

    Jane let out where she had hidden her father's birthday present.简无意中把藏着给父亲的生日礼物的地方说了出去。

    let the cat out of the bag

    We want to surprise Mother with a birthday gift;but Peter let the cat out of the bag by asking her what she would like.我们打算送生日礼物让妈妈惊喜,可彼得因问她想要什么而让事情露了馅。

let sb/sth be
  1. 不打扰某人,不干涉某事 not disturb or interfere with sb/sth

    Let her be, she needs a rest. 别打扰她,她需要休息一会儿。

    Let the poor cat be!There is something wrong with its leg. 别逗那只可怜的猫了!它的腿有毛病。

let through1 (v.+adv.)
  1. 让…通过 allow or accept (sb/sth) to pass through let sb/sth through

    Open the gate and let the crowd through.把大门打开,让人们过去。

    We need some partly transparent window shades to let the light through but not the heat.我们需要一些半透明的、既能挡住热气又能透光的窗帘。

    The examiners let the weak student through, but warned him that he must improve his work.主考们让那个差学生及格了,不过也提出警告,要他一定提高学业水平。

let through2 (v.+prep.)
  1. 让…通过… allow or accept (sb/sth) to pass through sth let sb/sth through sth

    Let the crowd through the gates now, the game will start soon.让人们从各个大门进来吧,比赛马上就要开始了。

    Open the curtains to let some light through the window.拉开窗帘,让光线透进来。

    用于 be ~ed 结构

    Facer was let through the examination, but warned to improve his study.费塞虽然通过了考试,但也受到警告,要提高他的学业水平。

let up (v.+adv.)
  1. 〔说明〕 let up通常不用于进行体。
  2. 让(某人)上到某处 allow (sb) to come upstairs or to a high level let sb up

    The student's here;shall I let him up?那个学生来了,我让他上楼吗?

  3. 放松,减少〔弱〕 relax or lessen let up

    We mustn't let up now that we have nearly achieved our object.既然我们已快达到目标了,就不能松劲。

    The rain began to let up.雨开始下小了。

    When is this hot weather going to let up?天气这么热,什么时候才能变得凉快一些呢?

    let sth ⇔ up

    We have overspent.We'll have to let up our expenditures next month.我们已经超支了,下个月一定得节约开支。

let up on (v.+adv.+prep.)
  1. 对(某人)放松〔不狠〕;在(某事)上松懈 treat (sb) less severely;work less hard at (sth) let up on sb/sth

    Let up on the child;it was an accident.实属偶然,饶了这孩子吧。

    We can't let up on our efforts to compete with other more successful firms.在同其他那些更兴隆的公司竞争中,我们丝毫松懈不得。

let us say
  1. 比如,例如 for example

    If the price is 3000 dollars, let us say, is that too much? 价钱嘛,比如说3000美元,是不是太贵了?

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • The West End is full of shops to let.

    出自:S. Spender
  • So she gravitated upwards, letting the ground floor to tenants.

    出自:P. Norman
  • The contract has been let for the M40..road.

    出自:Daily Telegraph
  • A Church let and hindered from striking out boldly on new paths.

    出自:Daily Telegraph

let的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. let的基本意思是允许对方照其意思而行,引申可表示“出租”“放掉,松掉”等。用于数学中通常表示“假设”。
  2. let用作及物动词作“出租”解时,可接名词或代词作宾语,也可接双宾语,其间接宾语可以转化为介词to的宾语;作“让,使”解时,通常接以形容词或不带to的动词不定式充当补足语的复合宾语;接动词不定式作宾语补足语时,如用于被动结构, to须保留。let还可接不带to的动词不定式作宾语,这时主要用于某些固定搭配中。
  3. let用作不及物动词时主要表示“出租”,主语通常为物(如房子等),其主动形式含有被动意义。
  4. 在口语中, let常用于祈使句中表示建议、请求、命令、警告等;在书面语中,可用allow代替let。
  5. 关于let能否用于被动结构的问题,语法学家看法不尽一致:Quirk认为let接以不带to的动词不定式充当宾语补足语时,不能用于被动结构(make可用于被动结构);Hornby认为let作allow解时不可用于被动结构。但在《朗文现代英汉双解词典(1988)》和《新英汉词典》中却有用于被动结构的例证。对此,笔者认为let作allow解时还是不用于被动结构,而改用allow为好。
  6. let's的否定形式在美国非正式语体中可说let's don't。例如:Let's don't forget.让我们别忘了。
  7. let you and me当然是正确的,但在口语中,也可以说let you and I。后者通常把you and I当作整体看待。例如:Let you and I do it right now!咱们俩马上就干吧!
  8. let偶尔也可用作名词,在法律用语中,意为“阻碍”或“妨碍”;在网球或其他类似运动中,意为“触网而过之球”,须重发。
  9. 下面两个句子都是正确的:

    This house is to let.This house is to be let.此房出租。这两个句子中的动词不定式的施动者均不是句子的主语,则其动词不定式可用于主动结构,也可用于被动结构,在语义上没有什么区别。如果句子中的主语是动词不定式的施动者,则动词不定式一般用主动结构。例如:I asked her if she had any rooms to let.我问她是否有房子出租。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
let us, let's
let us常缩写为let's,它们之间的区别是:
1.let us可包括也可不包括说话的对象,即“让我〔咱〕们一起…”;let's则包括说话的对象在内,即“让咱们一起…”。
2.let us通常用在正式的场合,而let's则多出现在口语等非正式的场合。
3.let's的否定形式在美式英语中多用let's not,在英式英语中多用don't let's;let us的否定式在不包括对象在内时用don't let's;在包括对象在内时可用don't let us,也可用let us not。
4.let's在表示“提议”(说话人与听话人共同做某事)时,常跟shall we连用,以使语气比较婉转、客气;let us(不包括对方)在表示“请求”允许“说话人自己做某事”时,常跟will you连用,以使语气更加婉转、缓和。例如:
Let's start early, shall we?让我们早点出发,好吗?
Please let us go, will you?请让我们走,好不好?
let, let out
这两者都可作“出租”解,但其对象有差别:前者主要指房屋,后者主要指车马。
let alone, leave alone
这两个短语一般来说意思相同,可以互换。例如:
Leave〔let〕 that bag alone.It's not yours!别动那个包,那不是你的!
它们之间的区别是:
1.作“不理〔管〕而听其自然”“不烦扰”解时,多用leave alone; 作“不干涉”解时,多用let alone; 作“更不用说”解时, let alone比leave alone更正式。
2.leave alone可用于被动结构; 而let alone不常用于被动结构。
let sb go, let oneself go
这两个短语含义不同:前者译为“让某人走”或“解雇某人”;后者则指人通过言行尽情“发泄自己的感情或欲望”。例如:
The boss let his secretary go.老板把他的秘书解雇了。
The manager worked hard all week, but on Saturday night he went to countryside and let himself go.经理整周辛苦工作,周六晚上就去乡下轻松一下。
let go, leave go
这两个短语都是“松手,放开”的意思。其区别在于:
1.let go后可直接接宾语,也可接of再加宾语;而leave go后必须接of再加宾语。
2.let go可用于被动结构,而leave go一般不用于被动结构。
let, admit, allow, permit
1.admit指“允许某人进入”某场地,或加入某组织,含有勉强的意味。例如:
She opened the door reluctantly to admit the unwelcome visitor.她很不情愿地把门打开,让不受欢迎的客人进去了。
Jack was admitted to the hospital to have his tumour removed.医生收杰克住院切除肿瘤。
allow指“允许某人做…”,给予客体执行某任务的权力,或同意某人的要求,和permit同义。它们在许多场合中可以通用。不过两者的意思也有细微差别, allow的意思是“允许”,表示主体有权不阻止、不妨碍或默许某事进行的意思。例如:
Playing ball is not allowed in the park.公园内不许打球。
Parking is not allowed here.此处不准停车。
permit表示给予客体做某事的权力。例如:
Time does not permit me to stay longer.时间不容许我在这里多留一会。
let含有放任的意味。例如:
Tom's parents will not let him swim in the lake.汤姆的父母不让他在湖里游泳。
2.permit 后可接不定式和动名词,但不可接名词从句; let不用动名词作宾语,其宾语后接动词原形。
3.allow还表示客气的请求,可和let通用。例如:
Allow me to〔Let me〕 thank you on behalf of our factory.请允许我代表全厂职工向你致谢。
permit是书面语,比allow带有更庄重、正式的语言色彩,含有正面的、积极的意义,指“同意某人的要求、给予某人做…的权力”。例如:
The facts permit no other explanations.这些事实不容许作其他解释。
let 是口头语。例如:
We won't let such a thing happen again.我们绝不允许再发生这样的事。
let, hire, rent
这组词的共同意思是“租”“租用”“雇用”。其区别是:
1.就租进、租出来说, let是租出, rent和hire则既可以是租进,也可以是租出。例如:
Will you rent me your boat for the weekend?小船租给我度周末好吗?
The house lets for 80 yuan a month.这房子出租,租金一个月80元。
2.就租期长短来说, hire强调临时性, let强调长期性,而rent既可以是长期的,也可以是临时的。例如:
During the holidays we hired a boat and went fishing.假期我们租了一条船去钓鱼。
We're hoping to let this field.我们希望把这块地租出去。
She rents out rooms to students.她把房间出租给学生。
3.就宾语来说, hire多用于对人的雇用, let和rent则着重于租物。例如:
The store hired two clerks for the sale.这家商店为了这次廉价销售雇了两名店员。
The farmers near cities are working part of their land themselves and are letting the rest.城区附近的农民自己耕种一部分土地,出租其余的部分。
He rented a colour TV soon after moving in.搬进后不久他就租了一台彩色电视机。
4.hire在表示租某物时,在英国,一般指租汽车、船只等; let指出租房屋、地产; rent在英式英语中指较长时间租入或租出房屋、商店或土地,在美式英语中可指长时间或短时间租用各类资本或日用品,这一意义现已影响到英国。例如:
Why don't you hire out your car to your neighbours while you're away, and earn some money?你不在家时为何不将你的汽车租给你的邻居,挣点钱呢?
I asked her if she had any room to let.我问她有没有房间出租。
I'm thinking of renting out my house while I'm away.我正在考虑在我离家期间把房子租出去。
5.hire有时可表示“受雇”,而let和rent无此义。
下面两个句子意思不同:
  • Let me know when you are back.
  • 你回来时,请告诉我。
  • Let me know when you'll be back.
  • 请告诉我,你什么时候回来。
allow let permit leave authorize
这些动词均含“让、允许”之意。
  • allow:allow普通用词,侧重听任、默许或不加阻止。在正式场合可用来表客气的请求。
  • let:let常用词,用于各种非正式场合,语气最弱,指允许或无力阻止某事,暗示漠不关心或听之任之。
  • permit:permit正式用词,在多数场合可与allow换用,语义最强,指准许某人做某事,含权威或正式的意味。
  • leave:leave侧重不加干涉。
  • authorize:authorize语气最强,指权威性的允许与认可。
allow let
二者均可作“允许”解,但各有侧重:
  • allow:allow重在“允许”或“容许”,也可表示客气的请求,常用于allow sb.to do sth.或allow doing sth.结构中。
  • 他允许我拿走他的词典。
  • He allowed me to take his dictionary.
  • 我可以用你的自行车吗?
  • Will you allow me to use your bike?
  • let:let作“允许”或“让”解,主要用于口语,一般可与allow互换。作“允许”解时,常暗含“听任”、“默许”之意;作“让”解时,常含“祈使”或“建议”之意。注意:let之后作宾补的不定式不带to,且不可用于被动语态,而allow则相反。
  • 我(请允许我)跟你一起走。
  • Please let me walk with you(=Please allow me to walk with you.)

词源解说

  • ☆ 12世纪晚期进英入语,直接源自古英语的 lettan,意为耽搁。

let的相关资料:

正版词典

let : 传能 ...
在 《医学英语词典》 中查看更多...
let : 允许;让, ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

近反义词

【同义词】

缩略词

let的相关缩略词,共有34

互动百科

  • let:Let Let 导演 Jack Hannah主演:June ForayClarence Nash类型:动画 / 短片 / 家庭 / 喜剧片长:7 min国家/地区:美国对白语言:英语发行公司:RKO…

临近单词

目录
应用 附录 查词历史
    今日热词