undergo

  常用词汇  
[ˌʌndə'ɡəʊ]     [ˌʌndər'ɡoʊ]    
  • vt. 经历;经受;遭受
underwent undergone undergoing undergoes
new

undergo的英文翻译是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v. (动词)
  1. 经历
  2. 经验
  3. 经过
  4. 经(得起)
  5. 产生
  6. 发生
  7. 忍受
  8. 经受
  9. 接受
  10. 遭受
  11. 承受
  12. 着手
  13. 从事
  14. 承担

双解释义

v. (动词)
  1. vt. 经历,承受 experience or endure (sth unpleasant or painful); be subjected to(a process, etc.)

英英释义

Verb:
  1. pass through;

    "The chemical undergoes a sudden change"
    "The fluid undergoes shear"
    "undergo a strange sensation"

undergo的用法和样例:

例句

用作及物动词 (vt.)
  1. This city underwent great changes.
    这座城市经历了巨大的变化。
  2. The castle will undergo extensive and costly renovations.
    那城堡要用巨资进行全面整修。
  3. Man's idea of God would undoubtedly undergo a change if we were to discover other intelligent beings in the universe.
    如果我们真的发现宇宙中有其他的智慧生命,人类关于上帝的观念一定会经历一场变化。
  4. I hope that I shall never again have to undergo such unpleasant experience.
    我希望我永远不会再遭遇到这种不愉快的经历。
  5. She underwent a thorough examination at the hospital.
    她在医院里接受了全面检查。
  6. The idea must undergo the test of experiment.
    观念必须经得起实验的检验。
  7. Metals undergo expansion when heated.
    金属加热时会膨胀。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. He underwent a lot of hardships in his childhood.
    他在童年时代经历了许多坎坷。
  2. He had to undergo three months of military training.
    他必须经历三个月的军事训练。
  3. The explorers had to undergo much suffering.
    探险者不得不忍受很多困苦。
  4. She underwent a thorough examination at the hospital.
    她在医院中做了彻底检查。
  5. This new plane is undergoing safety tests.
    这架新型飞机正在接受安全检验。
  6. The ship successfully underwent sea trials in coastal waters.
    那条船在近海水域试航成功。
  7. His opinions underwent a change.
    他的看法起了变化。
  8. Our agenda underwent a rapid change after the chairman's resignation.
    主席辞职后,我们的议事项目迅即作出变动。
  9. The town has undergone a great change during the last five years.
    这座城市在过去的五年中经历了巨大的变化。
  10. China had undergone a profound change with the completion of the Ninth Five-Year Plan.
    随着第九个五年计划的完成,中国经历了一场深刻的变化。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词

经典引文

  • Lest thou shouldest undergo thy selfe in purchasing the pearle.

    出自: D. Rogers

undergo的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. undergo的基本意思是“经历,承受”,它可指事物经历变迁、变化等,也可指人经受危险、考验、手术等不愉快、痛苦或危险的事,强调忍耐或屈从。
  2. undergo是及物动词,接名词或代词作宾语。
  3. undergo的过去式为underwent,过去分词为undergone。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
undergo, experience, experiment, suffer, sustain
  • 这组词的共同意思是“经历”。其区别是:
  • 1.experience指人们“经历”过的事情,即生活中所遇到的事情或通过学习、实践取得经验的过程; experiment指科学家进行的试验或为了检验某种效果而进行的任何活动; suffer指体验到伤害和困苦; sustain指遭受苦难,但不一定有勇气或坚忍精神; undergo强调被迫经受不愉快的事或苦难,也可指经历时间。例如:
  • The Chinese people have experienced untold sufferings under imperialist oppression.在帝国主义的压迫下,中国人民遭受了无数的苦难。
  • They experimented on electricity.他们做电学实验。
  • He seemed to have suffered a great deal.他好像受了很多苦。
  • He has sustained a great loss by the death of his father.父亲死了,他遭受了巨大损失。
  • He undergoes hardships.他备尝艰难。
  • 2.experience通常与动词have连用,而experiment通常与动词do连用。
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