need

  基本词汇  
[niːd]     [niːd]    
  • v.需要;必需
  • n.需要;必要;缺乏
  • aux.需要,必须(无时态、人称变化,后与不带 to 的动词不定式连用,多用于疑问句和否定句)
needed needed needing needs
new

need是什么意思,词典释义与在线翻译:

详尽释义

v.(动词)
  1. 需要,必须,有…必要,一定
  2. 生活穷困
  3. 尽可
  4. 发疯
n.(名词)
  1. 需求,要求,迫切要求
  2. 需要,必要,特别需要 ,必须
  3. 贫穷,困窘
  4. 必要之物,需用的东西
  5. 危急
  6. 缺乏,不足,短缺
  7. 危急的时候, 一旦有事的时候
  8. 欲望
adj.(形容词)
  1. <罕><废>必须的,需要的
adv.(副词)
  1. <罕>必须地

双解释义

v.(动词)
  1. vt. 需要; 必须 want; require; deserve
aux.(助动词)
  1. 必须 have to
n.(名词)
  1. [U]需要,需求 the condition in which sth necessary desirable, or very useful is missing, wanted
  2. [U]责任,必要 necessary duty, what must be done
  3. [P]需要的东西 sth one wants or must have
  4. [U]贫穷; 困窘 the state of not having enough food or money

行业释义

提示:各行业词典APP中含有本词条的独家正版内容,在手机上可看到更多释义内容。
need : 需求 ...
在 《外教社人类学英语词典》 中查看更多...
need : 需要, ...
在 《法律术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
need : 需要, ...
在 《军事术语英语词典》 中查看更多...
need : 需求 ...
在 《外教社人口学英语词典》 中查看更多...
need : 需要, ...
在 《会展英语词典》 中查看更多...
need : 需要 ...
在 《外教社广告学英语词典》 中查看更多...
need : 保险 ...
在 《外教社保险英语词典》 中查看更多...

英英释义

Noun:
  1. a condition requiring relief;

    "she satisfied his need for affection"
    "God has no need of men to accomplish His work"
    "there is a demand for jobs"

  2. anything that is necessary but lacking;

    "he had sufficient means to meet his simple needs"
    "I tried to supply his wants"

  3. the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior;

    "we did not understand his motivation"
    "he acted with the best of motives"

  4. a state of extreme poverty or destitution;

    "their indigence appalled him"
    "a general state of need exists among the homeless"

Verb:
  1. require as useful, just, or proper;

    "It takes nerve to do what she did"
    "success usually requires hard work"
    "This job asks a lot of patience and skill"
    "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"
    "This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"
    "This intervention does not postulate a patient's consent"

  2. have need of;

    "This piano wants the attention of a competent tuner"

  3. have or feel a need for;

    "always needing friends and money"

need的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. You look tired. You need a good rest.
    你看来累了。你需要好好休息一下。
  2. If I need you to come and help, I'll call you.
    如果我需要你来帮忙,我会打电话的。
  3. If the ground is too dry, then you need to water it.
    如果地面太干燥,那么你就需要给它浇浇水。
  4. You need some warm clothes for the winter.
    冬天来了,你必需准备一些保暖衣物。
  5. I need to spend more time studying.
    我必需花更多时间来学习。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The doctor told me I was in need of a good rest.
    医生对我说,我需要好好休息。
  2. I don't have the need for such an expensive car like that.
    我还不需要一辆那么昂贵的汽车。
  3. I feel a need to talk to you about it.
    我觉得有必要跟你谈谈那件事。
  4. There isn't much need for further research.
    没有多大必要进行进一步研究。
  5. We are collecting money for children in need.
    我们在为贫困儿童募捐。
  6. My neighbors helped me a lot in my time of need.
    我的邻居在我缺衣少食的日子里帮了我很多忙。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. When you need me, just let me know.
    如果要我帮忙,就告诉我好了。
  2. If you need me, give me a phone call.
    如果你需要我,就给我打电话。
  3. Children need milk.
    孩子们需要牛奶。
  4. This soup needs salt.
    这汤需要加盐。
  5. I need a new Chinese-English dictionary.
    我需要一本新的汉英词典。
  6. Does he need any help?
    他需要帮助吗?
  7. He needs a good night's sleep.
    他需要好好睡一晚上。
  8. At any rate, your plan needs revision.
    不管怎样,你的计划需要加以修订。
  9. 用于be ~ed结构
  10. Doctors are badly needed in the countryside.
    农村非常需要医生。
  11. Great patience is needed for that kind of job.
    做那样的工作需要有极大的耐心。
S+~+to- v
  1. You don't need to leave so early.
    你们不需要走这么早。
  2. I need to know what time it is.
    我需要知道现在几点钟了。
  3. He didn't need to be reminded about it.
    不必向他提那件醒事。
  4. Does it need to be done at once?
    这件事必须马上做吗?
  5. You need to be especially careful in such conditions.
    在这样的情况下,你需要特别小心。
  6. Tom needed to be helped over the difficulty.
    汤姆需要帮助来克服困难。
S+~+ v -ing
  1. The clock needs winding once a week.
    这只钟每周上一次发条。
  2. My coat needs mending.
    我的外衣需要修补。
  3. This chapter needs rewriting.
    这一章需要重写。
  4. Your hair needs cutting.
    你需要理发了。
  5. These patients need looking after.
    这些病人需要照料。
用作宾补动词 S+~+ n./pron. +to- v
  1. I need you to work for me.
    我需要你为我工作。
  2. I need you to consult a dictionary.
    我需要你查一下字典。
  3. We need some more people to do it.
    我们还需要一些人做这件事。
  4. I need someone to look after her.
    我需要找个人照看她。
S+~+ n./pron. + v -ed
  1. I need my coat mended.
    我的衣服需要补一补。
  2. They need the ship mended.
    他们需要请人修船。
  3. She needs the work done before tomorrow.
    她需要在明天以前找人完成这项工作。
用作助动词 (aux.)
  1. You needn't try to explain.
    你不必解释。
  2. Need he go yesterday?
    昨天他有去的必要吗?
  3. Need you go yet?”“Yes,I must.〔No,I needn't〕”.
    “你还必须去吗”?“是的,我必须去。〔不,我不必去了。〕”
  4. I need hardly say how much we miss you.
    不用说我们多么地想念你。
  5. I wonder if we need take sleeping bag.
    我不知道是否需要带睡袋。
  6. He needn't go there tomorrow.
    明天他不必去了。
  7. That question needn't be brought in.
    这个问题不必扯进来。
  8. We needn't be standing here in the rain.
    我们不必在雨里站着。
  9. He needn't have gone there yesterday.
    他昨天其实是不必去那儿的。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. I have no need for money.
    我不需要钱。
  2. There is no need of your anxiety.
    你的焦虑是不必要的。
  3. He earns enough to satisfy his needs.
    他赚得的钱足够满足他的要求。
  4. You have need to hand it in now.
    你必须现在交。
  5. There's no need to be so rude!
    你不应这么粗鲁。
  6. The hotel staff will supply all your needs.
    饭店工作人员会向你们提供一切需用的东西。
  7. We are collecting money for families in need.
    我们正在为有困难的家庭募捐。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
if need be
  1. 如果需要的话if it is necessary

    I'll work all night if need be. 如果需要,我就通宵工作。

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~

经典引文

  • But what need is there of disputing.

    出自:Swift
  • Clothes and household effects..which, if need be, they can 'put away' during the winter.

    出自:Daily News
  • There had been no need for him to go on working.

    出自:R. Cobb
  • There's no need to get nasty...I'm only trying to help.

    出自:G. W. Target
  • Now needeth him no lenger labour spend.

    出自:Spenser
  • Needs not say how lovely are the summer evenings.

    出自:W. G. Palgrave

need的详细讲解:

词语用法

v.(动词)
  1. need用作实义动词的基本意思是缺少急切需要的东西,强调急需。
  2. need是及物动词,可接名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词作宾语,也可接以动词不定式或过去分词充当补足语的复合宾语。
  3. need用作实义动词时,可用于肯定句、否定句、疑问句等各种句式,有动词的全部变化形式。
  4. need用作实义动词其主语在逻辑上是宾语所表示的对象时,宾语可用主动形式的动名词或名词表示,而不可用被动形式的动名词。例如:

    我的表需要修了。误:My watch needs being repaired.正:My watch needs repairing.正:My watch needs repairs.

aux.(助动词)
  1. need用作情态动词时没有人称、时态及语态的变化,后面须接不带to的动词不定式一起用作谓语,表示“必须,必要”。一般只用于否定句或疑问句中,也可用于含有否定意味的肯定句中。
  2. need not后可接动词不定式的被动式、进行时及完成时。当接动词不定式的完成式时常表示“做了本来不必做的事情”。
n.(名词)
  1. need用作名词作“需要,需求”解时,其后常接介词for或of短语作其定语,当表示“责任,必要”时,其后常接动词不定式。
  2. need的复数形式needs可以表示多种需要。

词义辨析

v.(动词)
need, want
这组词都有“需要,要求”的意思。其区别是:
need表示因缺少而需要某物或需要做某事,尤其强调这种需要的迫切性; want表示从一般需要的意向到强烈、迫切的要求以及各种程度不同的愿望。
aux.(助动词)
needn't, mustn't
这两个词用在肯定形式中,意思相近,但用在否定形式中时, needn't的意思是“不必,不一定”,表示“没有义务做某事”或含有“允许…不…”的意思; mustn't则表示“一定不要,不能”,表示“禁止做某事”。
lack need want require
这些动词均有“缺少、短少”之意。
  • lack:lack指完全短缺或数量不足。
  • need:need语气较重,指需要必不可少的东西,强调急需。
  • want:want侧重缺少某种必需之物,或个人渴望得到的东西。
  • require:require使用广泛,语气较轻。强调急需时可与need换用,但有时暗示所需的人或物是完成某一任务必不可少的。

词源解说

  • ☆ 直接源自古英语的ined,意为需要,责任,义务;最初源自原始日尔曼语的nauthis,意为暴力,强迫。

need的相关资料:

正版词典

need : 需要,必需 ...
在 《外研社英语词典》 中查看更多...

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互动百科

  • need:need n. 需要, 必需, 必需品, 要求, 贫困vt. 需要modal v.必要, 必须习惯用语A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难之交是真朋友。at…

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